Abstract

We demonstrate a method for enhancing the laser efficiency by stacking multiple dye-doped chiral polymer films. No laser emission was observed from a single 8 µm film. By stacking two films together, the laser efficiency is dramatically enhanced. Further increasing the number of stacked films, the output laser power is further increased. It is also observed that the output laser power in the forward direction is almost the same as that in the backward for the two- and three-layered films. However, in the six-layered film the output laser power is much stronger in the backward direction than the forward one. This is due to the absorption of the laser dyes and the distributed feedback in the chiral polymer films.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. B. Taheri, A. F. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and R. Twieg, "Low threshold lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 358, 73-81 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. V. I. Kopp, B. Fan, H. K. M. Vithana, and A. Z. Genack, "Low-threshold lasing at the edge of a photonic stop band in cholesteric liquid crystals," Opt. Lett. 23, 1707-1709 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshina, "Mirrorless lasing in a dye-doped ferroelectric liquid crystal," Adv. Mater. 14, 306-309 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Matsui, R. Ozaki, K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki and K. Yoshino, "Flexible mirrorless laser based on a freestanding film of photo polymerized cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,3741-3743 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, "Phototunable lasing in dye-doped choelsteric liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5353-5355 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, "Phototunable photonic bandgap in a chiral liquid crystal laser device," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2491-2493 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. P. Yu, B. Y. Tang, J. H. Li, and L. Li, "Electrically tunable lasers made from electrooptically active photonics band gap materials," Opt. Express 13, 7243-7249 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Y. Huang, Y. Zhou, and S. T. Wu, "Spatially tunable laser emission in dye-doped photonic liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 011107 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Huang, Y. Zhou, C. Doyle, and S. T. Wu, "Tuning photonic band gap in cholesteric liquid crystals by temperature-dependent dopant solubility," Opt. Express 14, 1236-1242 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, "Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers," Adv. Mater. 13, 1069-1072 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. F. Moreira, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Cao, C. Bailey, B. Taheri, and P. Palffy-Muhoray, "Cholesteric liquid crystal laser as an optic fiber-based temperature sensor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2691-2693 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Y. G. Fuh, T. H. Lin, J. H. Liu, and F. C. Wu, "Lasing in chiral photonic liquid crystals and associated frequency tuning," Opt. Express 12, 1857-1863 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, M. N. Pivnenko, and H. J. Coles, "Enhanced emission from liquid-crystal lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023103 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Zhou, Y. Huang, and S. T. Wu, "Enhancing cholesteric liquid crystal laser performance using a cholesteric reflector," Opt. Express 14, 3906-3916 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. Y. Matsuhisa and R. Ozakia, K. Yoshino, and M. Ozaki, "High Q defect mode and laser action in one-dimensional hybrid photonic crystal containing cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101109 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (4)

Y. Huang, Y. Zhou, and S. T. Wu, "Spatially tunable laser emission in dye-doped photonic liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 011107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Matsuhisa and R. Ozakia, K. Yoshino, and M. Ozaki, "High Q defect mode and laser action in one-dimensional hybrid photonic crystal containing cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Huang, Y. Zhou, C. Doyle, and S. T. Wu, "Tuning photonic band gap in cholesteric liquid crystals by temperature-dependent dopant solubility," Opt. Express 14, 1236-1242 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zhou, Y. Huang, and S. T. Wu, "Enhancing cholesteric liquid crystal laser performance using a cholesteric reflector," Opt. Express 14, 3906-3916 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

H. P. Yu, B. Y. Tang, J. H. Li, and L. Li, "Electrically tunable lasers made from electrooptically active photonics band gap materials," Opt. Express 13, 7243-7249 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, M. N. Pivnenko, and H. J. Coles, "Enhanced emission from liquid-crystal lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

A. Y. G. Fuh, T. H. Lin, J. H. Liu, and F. C. Wu, "Lasing in chiral photonic liquid crystals and associated frequency tuning," Opt. Express 12, 1857-1863 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Moreira, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Cao, C. Bailey, B. Taheri, and P. Palffy-Muhoray, "Cholesteric liquid crystal laser as an optic fiber-based temperature sensor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2691-2693 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, "Phototunable photonic bandgap in a chiral liquid crystal laser device," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2491-2493 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, "Phototunable lasing in dye-doped choelsteric liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5353-5355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshina, "Mirrorless lasing in a dye-doped ferroelectric liquid crystal," Adv. Mater. 14, 306-309 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Matsui, R. Ozaki, K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki and K. Yoshino, "Flexible mirrorless laser based on a freestanding film of photo polymerized cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,3741-3743 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

B. Taheri, A. F. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and R. Twieg, "Low threshold lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 358, 73-81 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, "Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers," Adv. Mater. 13, 1069-1072 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

Bailey, C.

M. F. Moreira, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Cao, C. Bailey, B. Taheri, and P. Palffy-Muhoray, "Cholesteric liquid crystal laser as an optic fiber-based temperature sensor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2691-2693 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Barberi, R.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, "Phototunable lasing in dye-doped choelsteric liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5353-5355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bartolino, R.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, "Phototunable lasing in dye-doped choelsteric liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5353-5355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cao, W.

M. F. Moreira, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Cao, C. Bailey, B. Taheri, and P. Palffy-Muhoray, "Cholesteric liquid crystal laser as an optic fiber-based temperature sensor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2691-2693 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Carvalho, I. C. S.

M. F. Moreira, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Cao, C. Bailey, B. Taheri, and P. Palffy-Muhoray, "Cholesteric liquid crystal laser as an optic fiber-based temperature sensor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2691-2693 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chanishvili, A.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, "Phototunable lasing in dye-doped choelsteric liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5353-5355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chilaya, G.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, "Phototunable lasing in dye-doped choelsteric liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5353-5355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cipparrone, G.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, "Phototunable lasing in dye-doped choelsteric liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5353-5355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Coles, H. J.

S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, M. N. Pivnenko, and H. J. Coles, "Enhanced emission from liquid-crystal lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Doyle, C.

Fan, B.

Finkelmann, H.

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, "Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers," Adv. Mater. 13, 1069-1072 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ford, A. D.

S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, M. N. Pivnenko, and H. J. Coles, "Enhanced emission from liquid-crystal lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fuh, A. Y. G.

Funamoto, K.

T. Matsui, R. Ozaki, K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki and K. Yoshino, "Flexible mirrorless laser based on a freestanding film of photo polymerized cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,3741-3743 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Furumi, S.

S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, "Phototunable photonic bandgap in a chiral liquid crystal laser device," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2491-2493 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ganzke, D.

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshina, "Mirrorless lasing in a dye-doped ferroelectric liquid crystal," Adv. Mater. 14, 306-309 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Genack, A. Z.

Haase, W.

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshina, "Mirrorless lasing in a dye-doped ferroelectric liquid crystal," Adv. Mater. 14, 306-309 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

Kasano, M.

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshina, "Mirrorless lasing in a dye-doped ferroelectric liquid crystal," Adv. Mater. 14, 306-309 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. T.

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, "Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers," Adv. Mater. 13, 1069-1072 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kopp, V. I.

Li, J. H.

Li, L.

Lin, T. H.

Liu, J. H.

Mashiko, S.

S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, "Phototunable photonic bandgap in a chiral liquid crystal laser device," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2491-2493 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Matsuhisa, Y.

Y. Matsuhisa and R. Ozakia, K. Yoshino, and M. Ozaki, "High Q defect mode and laser action in one-dimensional hybrid photonic crystal containing cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Matsui, T.

T. Matsui, R. Ozaki, K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki and K. Yoshino, "Flexible mirrorless laser based on a freestanding film of photo polymerized cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,3741-3743 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mazzulla, A.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, "Phototunable lasing in dye-doped choelsteric liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5353-5355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Moreira, M. F.

M. F. Moreira, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Cao, C. Bailey, B. Taheri, and P. Palffy-Muhoray, "Cholesteric liquid crystal laser as an optic fiber-based temperature sensor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2691-2693 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Morris, S. M.

S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, M. N. Pivnenko, and H. J. Coles, "Enhanced emission from liquid-crystal lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Munoz, A.

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, "Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers," Adv. Mater. 13, 1069-1072 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Munoz, A. F.

B. Taheri, A. F. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and R. Twieg, "Low threshold lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 358, 73-81 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Oriol, L.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, "Phototunable lasing in dye-doped choelsteric liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5353-5355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Otomo, A.

S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, "Phototunable photonic bandgap in a chiral liquid crystal laser device," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2491-2493 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ozaki, M.

Y. Matsuhisa and R. Ozakia, K. Yoshino, and M. Ozaki, "High Q defect mode and laser action in one-dimensional hybrid photonic crystal containing cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Matsui, R. Ozaki, K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki and K. Yoshino, "Flexible mirrorless laser based on a freestanding film of photo polymerized cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,3741-3743 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshina, "Mirrorless lasing in a dye-doped ferroelectric liquid crystal," Adv. Mater. 14, 306-309 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ozaki, R.

T. Matsui, R. Ozaki, K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki and K. Yoshino, "Flexible mirrorless laser based on a freestanding film of photo polymerized cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,3741-3743 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ozakia, R.

Y. Matsuhisa and R. Ozakia, K. Yoshino, and M. Ozaki, "High Q defect mode and laser action in one-dimensional hybrid photonic crystal containing cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Palffy-Muhoray, P.

M. F. Moreira, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Cao, C. Bailey, B. Taheri, and P. Palffy-Muhoray, "Cholesteric liquid crystal laser as an optic fiber-based temperature sensor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2691-2693 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, "Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers," Adv. Mater. 13, 1069-1072 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. Taheri, A. F. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and R. Twieg, "Low threshold lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 358, 73-81 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Petriashvili, G.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, "Phototunable lasing in dye-doped choelsteric liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5353-5355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pivnenko, M. N.

S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, M. N. Pivnenko, and H. J. Coles, "Enhanced emission from liquid-crystal lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Taheri, B.

M. F. Moreira, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Cao, C. Bailey, B. Taheri, and P. Palffy-Muhoray, "Cholesteric liquid crystal laser as an optic fiber-based temperature sensor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2691-2693 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, "Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers," Adv. Mater. 13, 1069-1072 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. Taheri, A. F. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and R. Twieg, "Low threshold lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 358, 73-81 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tang, B. Y.

Twieg, R.

B. Taheri, A. F. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and R. Twieg, "Low threshold lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 358, 73-81 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vithana, H. K. M.

Wu, F. C.

Wu, S. T.

Yokoyama, S.

S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, "Phototunable photonic bandgap in a chiral liquid crystal laser device," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2491-2493 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yoshina, K.

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshina, "Mirrorless lasing in a dye-doped ferroelectric liquid crystal," Adv. Mater. 14, 306-309 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yoshino, K.

Y. Matsuhisa and R. Ozakia, K. Yoshino, and M. Ozaki, "High Q defect mode and laser action in one-dimensional hybrid photonic crystal containing cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Matsui, R. Ozaki, K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki and K. Yoshino, "Flexible mirrorless laser based on a freestanding film of photo polymerized cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,3741-3743 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yu, H. P.

Zhou, Y.

Adv. Mater. (2)

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshina, "Mirrorless lasing in a dye-doped ferroelectric liquid crystal," Adv. Mater. 14, 306-309 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, "Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers," Adv. Mater. 13, 1069-1072 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

M. F. Moreira, I. C. S. Carvalho, W. Cao, C. Bailey, B. Taheri, and P. Palffy-Muhoray, "Cholesteric liquid crystal laser as an optic fiber-based temperature sensor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 2691-2693 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Matsuhisa and R. Ozakia, K. Yoshino, and M. Ozaki, "High Q defect mode and laser action in one-dimensional hybrid photonic crystal containing cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 101109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Matsui, R. Ozaki, K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki and K. Yoshino, "Flexible mirrorless laser based on a freestanding film of photo polymerized cholesteric liquid crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81,3741-3743 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, "Phototunable lasing in dye-doped choelsteric liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5353-5355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, "Phototunable photonic bandgap in a chiral liquid crystal laser device," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2491-2493 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Huang, Y. Zhou, and S. T. Wu, "Spatially tunable laser emission in dye-doped photonic liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 011107 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. M. Morris, A. D. Ford, M. N. Pivnenko, and H. J. Coles, "Enhanced emission from liquid-crystal lasers," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (1)

B. Taheri, A. F. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and R. Twieg, "Low threshold lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals," Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. 358, 73-81 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup. A: attenuator; P: polarizer; QW: quarter wave plate; L: lens, CF: color filter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Emission spectra from a single 8 µm film (black line) at 140 µJ pump energy and double 8 µm films (red line) at 14 µJ.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The output laser power as a function of pumping energy from two- (squares), three- (circles), and six- (triangles) stacked films.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The output laser power as a function of pump energy from the forward (squares) and backward (circles) directions of the six-stacked films.

Metrics