Abstract

A high-sensitivity method of demodulating wavelength-division-multiplexed optical DPSK channels using a single interferometer is described and demonstrated. We show that this technique can operate within existing standards and achieve near-quantum-limited receiver performance. The resulting hardware simplification has potential to reduce the cost of deploying and scaling future wide-band optical-communication networks employing WDM-DPSK.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  2. W. A. Atia and R. S. Bondurant, “Demonstration of return-to-zero signaling in both OOK and DPSK formats to improve receiver sensitivity in an optically preamplified receiver,” in LEOS (1999).
  3. A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, and L. Stulz, “Demonstration of 42.7-Gb/s DPSK receiver with 45 photons/bit sensitivity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 99–101 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. H. Sinsky, A. Adamiecki, A. H. Gnauck, C. A. Burrus, J. Leuthold, O. Wohlgemuth, and A. Umbach, “A 42.7-Gb/s Integrated Balanced Optical Front End with Record Sensitivity,” in OFC (Paper PD39-1, 2003).
  5. D. O. Caplan, J. C. Gottschalk, R. J. Murphy, N. W. Spellmeyer, and M. L. Stevens, “Performance of high-rate high-sensitivity optical communications with forward error correction coding,” in CLEO (Paper CPDD9, 2004).
  6. N. W. Spellmeyer, J. C. Gottschalk, D. O. Caplan, and M. L. Stevens, “High-sensitivity 40-Gb/s RZDPSK with forward error correction,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1579–1581 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  7. T. Mizuochi et. al., “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE Sel. Top. in Quantum Electronics 10, 376–386 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  8. A. H. Gnauck and P. J. Winzer, “Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 115–130 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  9. K. Yonenaga and K. Hagimoto, “10-Git/s x four-channel WDM transmission experiment over 2400-km DSF using optical DPSK direct detection scheme,” in OFC (1997).
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  11. J.-X. Cai, D. G. Foursa, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, G. Domagala, H. Li, L. Liu, W. Patterson, A. Pilipetskii, M. Nissov, and N. Bergano, “A DWDM Demonstration of 3.73 Tb/s over 11,000 km using 373 RZ-DPSK Channels at 10 Gb/s,” in OFC (Paper PD22-1, 2003).
  12. C. Rasmussen, T. Fjelde, J. Bennike, F. Liu, S. Dey, B. Mikkelsen, P. Mamyshev, P. Serbe, P. van der Wagt, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, D. Gapontsev, V. Ivshin, and P. Reeves-Hall, “DWDM 40G transmission over trans-Pacific distance (10 000 km) using CSRZ-DPSK, enhanced FEC and all-Raman amplified 100 km Ultrawave fiber spans,” in OFC (Paper PD18-1, 2003).
  13. B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. L. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Tsukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, “6.4 Tbit/s (160×42.7 Gb/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32×100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,” in OFC (Paper PD19, 2003).
  14. E. A. Swanson, J. C. Livas, and R. S. Bondurant, “High sensitivity optically preamplified direct detection DPSK receiver with active delay-line stabilization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 263–265 (1994).
    [Crossref]
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  17. J. Hsieh, A. Chiayu, V. Chien, X. Liu, A. Gnauck, and X. Wei, “Athermal Demodulator for 42.7-Gb/s DPSK Signals,” in ECOC (2005).
  18. D. O. Caplan, “Reconfigurable Polarization Independent Interferometers and Methods of Stabilization,” in US Pat. Appl. 11/318,255 (2005).
  19. Y. Miyamoto, H. Masuda, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, Y. Kisaka, H. Kawakami, M. Tomizawa, Y. Tada, and S. Aozasa, “S-band WDM coherent transmission of 40× 43-Gbit/s CS-RZ DPSK signals over 400 km DSF using hybrid GS-TDFAs/Raman amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1569–1570 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  20. Y. Miyamoto, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, M. Tomizawa, and Y. Tada, “Novel modulation and detection for bandwidth-reduced RZ formats using duobinary-mode splitting in wideband PSK/ASK conversion,” J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 2067–2078 (2002).
    [Crossref]
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  22. D. Penninckx, H. Bissessur, P. Brindel, E. Gohin, and F. Bakhti, “Optical differential phase shift keying (DPSK) direct detection considered as a duobinary signal,” in ECOC (2001).
  23. H. Bissessur, G. Charlet, E. Gohin, C. Simonneau, L. Pierre, and W. Idler, “1.6 Tbit/s (40×40 Gbit/s) DPSK transmission over 3×100 km of TeraLight fibre with direct detection,” Electron. Lett. 39, 192–193 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  24. A. D’Errico, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, L. Giorgi, G. Contestabile, and E. Ciaramella, “WDM-DPSK Detection by Means of Frequency-Periodic Gaussian Narrow Filtering” in OFC (2006).
  25. D. O. Caplan, “Multi-channel DPSK Receiver,” in US Pat. Appl. 11/022,344 (2004).
  26. J. R. Minch, D. J. Townsend, and D. R. Gervais, “Rate Adjustable NRZ-DPSK Modulation Scheme with a Fixed Interferometer,” in IEEE LEOS (2005).
  27. H. Kim and P. J. Winzer, “Robustness to laser frequency offset in direct-detection DPSK and DQPSK systems,” J. Lightwave Tech. 21, 1887–1891 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  28. S. R. Chinn, D. M. Boroson, and J. C. Livas, “Sensitivity of optically preamplified DPSK receivers with Fabry-Perot filters,” J. Lightwave Tech. 14 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  29. M. Schwartz, W. R. Bennett, and S. Stein, Communication Systems and Techniques (IEEE Press, New York, 1996).
  30. T. Shinagawa, “Detailed investigation on reliability of wavelength-monitor-integrated fixed and tunable DFB laser diode modules,” J. Lightwave Technology 23, 1126–1136 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  31. D. O. Caplan, M. L. Stevens, J. J. Carney, and R. J. Murphy, “Demonstration of Optical DPSK Communication with 25 Photons/Bit Sensitivity,” in CLEO (2006).

2005 (2)

A. H. Gnauck and P. J. Winzer, “Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 115–130 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. Shinagawa, “Detailed investigation on reliability of wavelength-monitor-integrated fixed and tunable DFB laser diode modules,” J. Lightwave Technology 23, 1126–1136 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

N. W. Spellmeyer, J. C. Gottschalk, D. O. Caplan, and M. L. Stevens, “High-sensitivity 40-Gb/s RZDPSK with forward error correction,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1579–1581 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Mizuochi et. al., “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE Sel. Top. in Quantum Electronics 10, 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (3)

H. Bissessur, G. Charlet, E. Gohin, C. Simonneau, L. Pierre, and W. Idler, “1.6 Tbit/s (40×40 Gbit/s) DPSK transmission over 3×100 km of TeraLight fibre with direct detection,” Electron. Lett. 39, 192–193 (2003).
[Crossref]

H. Kim and P. J. Winzer, “Robustness to laser frequency offset in direct-detection DPSK and DQPSK systems,” J. Lightwave Tech. 21, 1887–1891 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, and L. Stulz, “Demonstration of 42.7-Gb/s DPSK receiver with 45 photons/bit sensitivity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 99–101 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

Y. Miyamoto, H. Masuda, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, Y. Kisaka, H. Kawakami, M. Tomizawa, Y. Tada, and S. Aozasa, “S-band WDM coherent transmission of 40× 43-Gbit/s CS-RZ DPSK signals over 400 km DSF using hybrid GS-TDFAs/Raman amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1569–1570 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Miyamoto, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, M. Tomizawa, and Y. Tada, “Novel modulation and detection for bandwidth-reduced RZ formats using duobinary-mode splitting in wideband PSK/ASK conversion,” J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 2067–2078 (2002).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

S. R. Chinn, D. M. Boroson, and J. C. Livas, “Sensitivity of optically preamplified DPSK receivers with Fabry-Perot filters,” J. Lightwave Tech. 14 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

E. A. Swanson, J. C. Livas, and R. S. Bondurant, “High sensitivity optically preamplified direct detection DPSK receiver with active delay-line stabilization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 263–265 (1994).
[Crossref]

Adamiecki, A.

J. H. Sinsky, A. Adamiecki, A. H. Gnauck, C. A. Burrus, J. Leuthold, O. Wohlgemuth, and A. Umbach, “A 42.7-Gb/s Integrated Balanced Optical Front End with Record Sensitivity,” in OFC (Paper PD39-1, 2003).

Agarwal, A.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5 Tb/s (64 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission over 40× 100 km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in OFC (2002).

Akasaka, Y.

C. Rasmussen, T. Fjelde, J. Bennike, F. Liu, S. Dey, B. Mikkelsen, P. Mamyshev, P. Serbe, P. van der Wagt, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, D. Gapontsev, V. Ivshin, and P. Reeves-Hall, “DWDM 40G transmission over trans-Pacific distance (10 000 km) using CSRZ-DPSK, enhanced FEC and all-Raman amplified 100 km Ultrawave fiber spans,” in OFC (Paper PD18-1, 2003).

Aozasa, S.

Y. Miyamoto, H. Masuda, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, Y. Kisaka, H. Kawakami, M. Tomizawa, Y. Tada, and S. Aozasa, “S-band WDM coherent transmission of 40× 43-Gbit/s CS-RZ DPSK signals over 400 km DSF using hybrid GS-TDFAs/Raman amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1569–1570 (2002).
[Crossref]

Atia, W. A.

W. A. Atia and R. S. Bondurant, “Demonstration of return-to-zero signaling in both OOK and DPSK formats to improve receiver sensitivity in an optically preamplified receiver,” in LEOS (1999).

Bakhti, F.

D. Penninckx, H. Bissessur, P. Brindel, E. Gohin, and F. Bakhti, “Optical differential phase shift keying (DPSK) direct detection considered as a duobinary signal,” in ECOC (2001).

Banerjee, S.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5 Tb/s (64 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission over 40× 100 km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in OFC (2002).

Bauch, J. S.

D. G. Heflinger, J. S. Bauch, and T. E. Humes, “Apparatus and method for tuning an optical interferometer,” in US Pat. 6,396,605 (2002).

Bennett, W. R.

M. Schwartz, W. R. Bennett, and S. Stein, Communication Systems and Techniques (IEEE Press, New York, 1996).

Bennike, J.

C. Rasmussen, T. Fjelde, J. Bennike, F. Liu, S. Dey, B. Mikkelsen, P. Mamyshev, P. Serbe, P. van der Wagt, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, D. Gapontsev, V. Ivshin, and P. Reeves-Hall, “DWDM 40G transmission over trans-Pacific distance (10 000 km) using CSRZ-DPSK, enhanced FEC and all-Raman amplified 100 km Ultrawave fiber spans,” in OFC (Paper PD18-1, 2003).

Bergano, N.

J.-X. Cai, D. G. Foursa, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, G. Domagala, H. Li, L. Liu, W. Patterson, A. Pilipetskii, M. Nissov, and N. Bergano, “A DWDM Demonstration of 3.73 Tb/s over 11,000 km using 373 RZ-DPSK Channels at 10 Gb/s,” in OFC (Paper PD22-1, 2003).

Bissessur, H.

H. Bissessur, G. Charlet, E. Gohin, C. Simonneau, L. Pierre, and W. Idler, “1.6 Tbit/s (40×40 Gbit/s) DPSK transmission over 3×100 km of TeraLight fibre with direct detection,” Electron. Lett. 39, 192–193 (2003).
[Crossref]

D. Penninckx, H. Bissessur, P. Brindel, E. Gohin, and F. Bakhti, “Optical differential phase shift keying (DPSK) direct detection considered as a duobinary signal,” in ECOC (2001).

Bondurant, R. S.

E. A. Swanson, J. C. Livas, and R. S. Bondurant, “High sensitivity optically preamplified direct detection DPSK receiver with active delay-line stabilization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 263–265 (1994).
[Crossref]

W. A. Atia and R. S. Bondurant, “Demonstration of return-to-zero signaling in both OOK and DPSK formats to improve receiver sensitivity in an optically preamplified receiver,” in LEOS (1999).

Boroson, D. M.

S. R. Chinn, D. M. Boroson, and J. C. Livas, “Sensitivity of optically preamplified DPSK receivers with Fabry-Perot filters,” J. Lightwave Tech. 14 (1996).
[Crossref]

Brindel, P.

D. Penninckx, H. Bissessur, P. Brindel, E. Gohin, and F. Bakhti, “Optical differential phase shift keying (DPSK) direct detection considered as a duobinary signal,” in ECOC (2001).

Burrus, C. A.

J. H. Sinsky, A. Adamiecki, A. H. Gnauck, C. A. Burrus, J. Leuthold, O. Wohlgemuth, and A. Umbach, “A 42.7-Gb/s Integrated Balanced Optical Front End with Record Sensitivity,” in OFC (Paper PD39-1, 2003).

Cai, J.-X.

J.-X. Cai, D. G. Foursa, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, G. Domagala, H. Li, L. Liu, W. Patterson, A. Pilipetskii, M. Nissov, and N. Bergano, “A DWDM Demonstration of 3.73 Tb/s over 11,000 km using 373 RZ-DPSK Channels at 10 Gb/s,” in OFC (Paper PD22-1, 2003).

Cai, Y.

J.-X. Cai, D. G. Foursa, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, G. Domagala, H. Li, L. Liu, W. Patterson, A. Pilipetskii, M. Nissov, and N. Bergano, “A DWDM Demonstration of 3.73 Tb/s over 11,000 km using 373 RZ-DPSK Channels at 10 Gb/s,” in OFC (Paper PD22-1, 2003).

Calabretta, N.

A. D’Errico, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, L. Giorgi, G. Contestabile, and E. Ciaramella, “WDM-DPSK Detection by Means of Frequency-Periodic Gaussian Narrow Filtering” in OFC (2006).

Caplan, D. O.

N. W. Spellmeyer, J. C. Gottschalk, D. O. Caplan, and M. L. Stevens, “High-sensitivity 40-Gb/s RZDPSK with forward error correction,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1579–1581 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. O. Caplan, J. C. Gottschalk, R. J. Murphy, N. W. Spellmeyer, and M. L. Stevens, “Performance of high-rate high-sensitivity optical communications with forward error correction coding,” in CLEO (Paper CPDD9, 2004).

D. O. Caplan, “Multi-channel DPSK Receiver,” in US Pat. Appl. 11/022,344 (2004).

D. O. Caplan, M. L. Stevens, J. J. Carney, and R. J. Murphy, “Demonstration of Optical DPSK Communication with 25 Photons/Bit Sensitivity,” in CLEO (2006).

Carney, J. J.

D. O. Caplan, M. L. Stevens, J. J. Carney, and R. J. Murphy, “Demonstration of Optical DPSK Communication with 25 Photons/Bit Sensitivity,” in CLEO (2006).

Chandrasekhar, S.

A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, and L. Stulz, “Demonstration of 42.7-Gb/s DPSK receiver with 45 photons/bit sensitivity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 99–101 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5 Tb/s (64 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission over 40× 100 km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in OFC (2002).

Charlet, G.

H. Bissessur, G. Charlet, E. Gohin, C. Simonneau, L. Pierre, and W. Idler, “1.6 Tbit/s (40×40 Gbit/s) DPSK transmission over 3×100 km of TeraLight fibre with direct detection,” Electron. Lett. 39, 192–193 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chiayu, A.

J. Hsieh, A. Chiayu, V. Chien, X. Liu, A. Gnauck, and X. Wei, “Athermal Demodulator for 42.7-Gb/s DPSK Signals,” in ECOC (2005).

Chien, V.

J. Hsieh, A. Chiayu, V. Chien, X. Liu, A. Gnauck, and X. Wei, “Athermal Demodulator for 42.7-Gb/s DPSK Signals,” in ECOC (2005).

Chinn, S. R.

S. R. Chinn, D. M. Boroson, and J. C. Livas, “Sensitivity of optically preamplified DPSK receivers with Fabry-Perot filters,” J. Lightwave Tech. 14 (1996).
[Crossref]

Ciaramella, E.

A. D’Errico, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, L. Giorgi, G. Contestabile, and E. Ciaramella, “WDM-DPSK Detection by Means of Frequency-Periodic Gaussian Narrow Filtering” in OFC (2006).

Contestabile, G.

A. D’Errico, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, L. Giorgi, G. Contestabile, and E. Ciaramella, “WDM-DPSK Detection by Means of Frequency-Periodic Gaussian Narrow Filtering” in OFC (2006).

D’Errico, A.

A. D’Errico, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, L. Giorgi, G. Contestabile, and E. Ciaramella, “WDM-DPSK Detection by Means of Frequency-Periodic Gaussian Narrow Filtering” in OFC (2006).

Davidson, C. R.

J.-X. Cai, D. G. Foursa, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, G. Domagala, H. Li, L. Liu, W. Patterson, A. Pilipetskii, M. Nissov, and N. Bergano, “A DWDM Demonstration of 3.73 Tb/s over 11,000 km using 373 RZ-DPSK Channels at 10 Gb/s,” in OFC (Paper PD22-1, 2003).

Dey, S.

C. Rasmussen, T. Fjelde, J. Bennike, F. Liu, S. Dey, B. Mikkelsen, P. Mamyshev, P. Serbe, P. van der Wagt, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, D. Gapontsev, V. Ivshin, and P. Reeves-Hall, “DWDM 40G transmission over trans-Pacific distance (10 000 km) using CSRZ-DPSK, enhanced FEC and all-Raman amplified 100 km Ultrawave fiber spans,” in OFC (Paper PD18-1, 2003).

Doerr, C.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. L. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Tsukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, “6.4 Tbit/s (160×42.7 Gb/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32×100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,” in OFC (Paper PD19, 2003).

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5 Tb/s (64 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission over 40× 100 km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in OFC (2002).

Domagala, G.

J.-X. Cai, D. G. Foursa, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, G. Domagala, H. Li, L. Liu, W. Patterson, A. Pilipetskii, M. Nissov, and N. Bergano, “A DWDM Demonstration of 3.73 Tb/s over 11,000 km using 373 RZ-DPSK Channels at 10 Gb/s,” in OFC (Paper PD22-1, 2003).

Emori, Y.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. L. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Tsukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, “6.4 Tbit/s (160×42.7 Gb/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32×100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,” in OFC (Paper PD19, 2003).

Fjelde, T.

C. Rasmussen, T. Fjelde, J. Bennike, F. Liu, S. Dey, B. Mikkelsen, P. Mamyshev, P. Serbe, P. van der Wagt, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, D. Gapontsev, V. Ivshin, and P. Reeves-Hall, “DWDM 40G transmission over trans-Pacific distance (10 000 km) using CSRZ-DPSK, enhanced FEC and all-Raman amplified 100 km Ultrawave fiber spans,” in OFC (Paper PD18-1, 2003).

Foursa, D. G.

J.-X. Cai, D. G. Foursa, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, G. Domagala, H. Li, L. Liu, W. Patterson, A. Pilipetskii, M. Nissov, and N. Bergano, “A DWDM Demonstration of 3.73 Tb/s over 11,000 km using 373 RZ-DPSK Channels at 10 Gb/s,” in OFC (Paper PD22-1, 2003).

Gapontsev, D.

C. Rasmussen, T. Fjelde, J. Bennike, F. Liu, S. Dey, B. Mikkelsen, P. Mamyshev, P. Serbe, P. van der Wagt, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, D. Gapontsev, V. Ivshin, and P. Reeves-Hall, “DWDM 40G transmission over trans-Pacific distance (10 000 km) using CSRZ-DPSK, enhanced FEC and all-Raman amplified 100 km Ultrawave fiber spans,” in OFC (Paper PD18-1, 2003).

Gervais, D. R.

J. R. Minch, D. J. Townsend, and D. R. Gervais, “Rate Adjustable NRZ-DPSK Modulation Scheme with a Fixed Interferometer,” in IEEE LEOS (2005).

Gill, D. M.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5 Tb/s (64 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission over 40× 100 km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in OFC (2002).

Giorgi, L.

A. D’Errico, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, L. Giorgi, G. Contestabile, and E. Ciaramella, “WDM-DPSK Detection by Means of Frequency-Periodic Gaussian Narrow Filtering” in OFC (2006).

Gnauck, A.

J. Hsieh, A. Chiayu, V. Chien, X. Liu, A. Gnauck, and X. Wei, “Athermal Demodulator for 42.7-Gb/s DPSK Signals,” in ECOC (2005).

Gnauck, A. H.

A. H. Gnauck and P. J. Winzer, “Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 115–130 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, and L. Stulz, “Demonstration of 42.7-Gb/s DPSK receiver with 45 photons/bit sensitivity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 99–101 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. H. Sinsky, A. Adamiecki, A. H. Gnauck, C. A. Burrus, J. Leuthold, O. Wohlgemuth, and A. Umbach, “A 42.7-Gb/s Integrated Balanced Optical Front End with Record Sensitivity,” in OFC (Paper PD39-1, 2003).

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5 Tb/s (64 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission over 40× 100 km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in OFC (2002).

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. L. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Tsukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, “6.4 Tbit/s (160×42.7 Gb/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32×100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,” in OFC (Paper PD19, 2003).

Gohin, E.

H. Bissessur, G. Charlet, E. Gohin, C. Simonneau, L. Pierre, and W. Idler, “1.6 Tbit/s (40×40 Gbit/s) DPSK transmission over 3×100 km of TeraLight fibre with direct detection,” Electron. Lett. 39, 192–193 (2003).
[Crossref]

D. Penninckx, H. Bissessur, P. Brindel, E. Gohin, and F. Bakhti, “Optical differential phase shift keying (DPSK) direct detection considered as a duobinary signal,” in ECOC (2001).

Gonthier, F.

F. Séguin and F. Gonthier, “Tuneable All-Fiber® Delay-Line Interferometer for DPSK Demodulation,” in OFC (2005).

Gottschalk, J. C.

N. W. Spellmeyer, J. C. Gottschalk, D. O. Caplan, and M. L. Stevens, “High-sensitivity 40-Gb/s RZDPSK with forward error correction,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1579–1581 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. O. Caplan, J. C. Gottschalk, R. J. Murphy, N. W. Spellmeyer, and M. L. Stevens, “Performance of high-rate high-sensitivity optical communications with forward error correction coding,” in CLEO (Paper CPDD9, 2004).

Grosz, D.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5 Tb/s (64 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission over 40× 100 km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in OFC (2002).

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. L. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Tsukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, “6.4 Tbit/s (160×42.7 Gb/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32×100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,” in OFC (Paper PD19, 2003).

Hagimoto, K.

K. Yonenaga and K. Hagimoto, “10-Git/s x four-channel WDM transmission experiment over 2400-km DSF using optical DPSK direct detection scheme,” in OFC (1997).

Harris, D.

C. Rasmussen, T. Fjelde, J. Bennike, F. Liu, S. Dey, B. Mikkelsen, P. Mamyshev, P. Serbe, P. van der Wagt, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, D. Gapontsev, V. Ivshin, and P. Reeves-Hall, “DWDM 40G transmission over trans-Pacific distance (10 000 km) using CSRZ-DPSK, enhanced FEC and all-Raman amplified 100 km Ultrawave fiber spans,” in OFC (Paper PD18-1, 2003).

Heflinger, D. G.

D. G. Heflinger, J. S. Bauch, and T. E. Humes, “Apparatus and method for tuning an optical interferometer,” in US Pat. 6,396,605 (2002).

Hirano, A.

Y. Miyamoto, H. Masuda, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, Y. Kisaka, H. Kawakami, M. Tomizawa, Y. Tada, and S. Aozasa, “S-band WDM coherent transmission of 40× 43-Gbit/s CS-RZ DPSK signals over 400 km DSF using hybrid GS-TDFAs/Raman amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1569–1570 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Miyamoto, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, M. Tomizawa, and Y. Tada, “Novel modulation and detection for bandwidth-reduced RZ formats using duobinary-mode splitting in wideband PSK/ASK conversion,” J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 2067–2078 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hjelme, D. R.

A. Royset and D. R. Hjelme, “Novel dispersion tolerant optical duobinary transmitter using phase modulator and Bragg grating filter,” in ECOC (1998).

Hsieh, J.

J. Hsieh, A. Chiayu, V. Chien, X. Liu, A. Gnauck, and X. Wei, “Athermal Demodulator for 42.7-Gb/s DPSK Signals,” in ECOC (2005).

Humes, T. E.

D. G. Heflinger, J. S. Bauch, and T. E. Humes, “Apparatus and method for tuning an optical interferometer,” in US Pat. 6,396,605 (2002).

Hunsche, S.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5 Tb/s (64 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission over 40× 100 km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in OFC (2002).

Idler, W.

H. Bissessur, G. Charlet, E. Gohin, C. Simonneau, L. Pierre, and W. Idler, “1.6 Tbit/s (40×40 Gbit/s) DPSK transmission over 3×100 km of TeraLight fibre with direct detection,” Electron. Lett. 39, 192–193 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ivshin, V.

C. Rasmussen, T. Fjelde, J. Bennike, F. Liu, S. Dey, B. Mikkelsen, P. Mamyshev, P. Serbe, P. van der Wagt, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, D. Gapontsev, V. Ivshin, and P. Reeves-Hall, “DWDM 40G transmission over trans-Pacific distance (10 000 km) using CSRZ-DPSK, enhanced FEC and all-Raman amplified 100 km Ultrawave fiber spans,” in OFC (Paper PD18-1, 2003).

Kawakami, H.

Y. Miyamoto, H. Masuda, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, Y. Kisaka, H. Kawakami, M. Tomizawa, Y. Tada, and S. Aozasa, “S-band WDM coherent transmission of 40× 43-Gbit/s CS-RZ DPSK signals over 400 km DSF using hybrid GS-TDFAs/Raman amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1569–1570 (2002).
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Kim, H.

H. Kim and P. J. Winzer, “Robustness to laser frequency offset in direct-detection DPSK and DQPSK systems,” J. Lightwave Tech. 21, 1887–1891 (2003).
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Kim, J.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. L. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Tsukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, “6.4 Tbit/s (160×42.7 Gb/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32×100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,” in OFC (Paper PD19, 2003).

Kisaka, Y.

Y. Miyamoto, H. Masuda, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, Y. Kisaka, H. Kawakami, M. Tomizawa, Y. Tada, and S. Aozasa, “S-band WDM coherent transmission of 40× 43-Gbit/s CS-RZ DPSK signals over 400 km DSF using hybrid GS-TDFAs/Raman amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1569–1570 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kung, A.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5 Tb/s (64 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission over 40× 100 km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in OFC (2002).

Kuwahara, S.

Y. Miyamoto, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, M. Tomizawa, and Y. Tada, “Novel modulation and detection for bandwidth-reduced RZ formats using duobinary-mode splitting in wideband PSK/ASK conversion,” J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 2067–2078 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Miyamoto, H. Masuda, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, Y. Kisaka, H. Kawakami, M. Tomizawa, Y. Tada, and S. Aozasa, “S-band WDM coherent transmission of 40× 43-Gbit/s CS-RZ DPSK signals over 400 km DSF using hybrid GS-TDFAs/Raman amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1569–1570 (2002).
[Crossref]

Leuthold, J.

A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, and L. Stulz, “Demonstration of 42.7-Gb/s DPSK receiver with 45 photons/bit sensitivity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 99–101 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. H. Sinsky, A. Adamiecki, A. H. Gnauck, C. A. Burrus, J. Leuthold, O. Wohlgemuth, and A. Umbach, “A 42.7-Gb/s Integrated Balanced Optical Front End with Record Sensitivity,” in OFC (Paper PD39-1, 2003).

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5 Tb/s (64 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission over 40× 100 km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in OFC (2002).

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. L. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Tsukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, “6.4 Tbit/s (160×42.7 Gb/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32×100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,” in OFC (Paper PD19, 2003).

Li, H.

J.-X. Cai, D. G. Foursa, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, G. Domagala, H. Li, L. Liu, W. Patterson, A. Pilipetskii, M. Nissov, and N. Bergano, “A DWDM Demonstration of 3.73 Tb/s over 11,000 km using 373 RZ-DPSK Channels at 10 Gb/s,” in OFC (Paper PD22-1, 2003).

Lingle, Jr., R. L.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. L. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Tsukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, “6.4 Tbit/s (160×42.7 Gb/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32×100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,” in OFC (Paper PD19, 2003).

Liu, F.

C. Rasmussen, T. Fjelde, J. Bennike, F. Liu, S. Dey, B. Mikkelsen, P. Mamyshev, P. Serbe, P. van der Wagt, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, D. Gapontsev, V. Ivshin, and P. Reeves-Hall, “DWDM 40G transmission over trans-Pacific distance (10 000 km) using CSRZ-DPSK, enhanced FEC and all-Raman amplified 100 km Ultrawave fiber spans,” in OFC (Paper PD18-1, 2003).

Liu, L.

J.-X. Cai, D. G. Foursa, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, G. Domagala, H. Li, L. Liu, W. Patterson, A. Pilipetskii, M. Nissov, and N. Bergano, “A DWDM Demonstration of 3.73 Tb/s over 11,000 km using 373 RZ-DPSK Channels at 10 Gb/s,” in OFC (Paper PD22-1, 2003).

Liu, X.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5 Tb/s (64 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission over 40× 100 km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in OFC (2002).

J. Hsieh, A. Chiayu, V. Chien, X. Liu, A. Gnauck, and X. Wei, “Athermal Demodulator for 42.7-Gb/s DPSK Signals,” in ECOC (2005).

Livas, J. C.

S. R. Chinn, D. M. Boroson, and J. C. Livas, “Sensitivity of optically preamplified DPSK receivers with Fabry-Perot filters,” J. Lightwave Tech. 14 (1996).
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E. A. Swanson, J. C. Livas, and R. S. Bondurant, “High sensitivity optically preamplified direct detection DPSK receiver with active delay-line stabilization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 263–265 (1994).
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J. C. Livas, “High sensitivity optically preamplified 10 Gb/s receivers,” in OFC, Paper PD4 (1996).

Mamyshev, P.

C. Rasmussen, T. Fjelde, J. Bennike, F. Liu, S. Dey, B. Mikkelsen, P. Mamyshev, P. Serbe, P. van der Wagt, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, D. Gapontsev, V. Ivshin, and P. Reeves-Hall, “DWDM 40G transmission over trans-Pacific distance (10 000 km) using CSRZ-DPSK, enhanced FEC and all-Raman amplified 100 km Ultrawave fiber spans,” in OFC (Paper PD18-1, 2003).

Marhelyuk, A.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5 Tb/s (64 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission over 40× 100 km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in OFC (2002).

Masuda, H.

Y. Miyamoto, H. Masuda, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, Y. Kisaka, H. Kawakami, M. Tomizawa, Y. Tada, and S. Aozasa, “S-band WDM coherent transmission of 40× 43-Gbit/s CS-RZ DPSK signals over 400 km DSF using hybrid GS-TDFAs/Raman amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1569–1570 (2002).
[Crossref]

Maywar, D.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5 Tb/s (64 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission over 40× 100 km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in OFC (2002).

Mikkelsen, B.

C. Rasmussen, T. Fjelde, J. Bennike, F. Liu, S. Dey, B. Mikkelsen, P. Mamyshev, P. Serbe, P. van der Wagt, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, D. Gapontsev, V. Ivshin, and P. Reeves-Hall, “DWDM 40G transmission over trans-Pacific distance (10 000 km) using CSRZ-DPSK, enhanced FEC and all-Raman amplified 100 km Ultrawave fiber spans,” in OFC (Paper PD18-1, 2003).

Minch, J. R.

J. R. Minch, D. J. Townsend, and D. R. Gervais, “Rate Adjustable NRZ-DPSK Modulation Scheme with a Fixed Interferometer,” in IEEE LEOS (2005).

Miyamoto, Y.

Y. Miyamoto, H. Masuda, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, Y. Kisaka, H. Kawakami, M. Tomizawa, Y. Tada, and S. Aozasa, “S-band WDM coherent transmission of 40× 43-Gbit/s CS-RZ DPSK signals over 400 km DSF using hybrid GS-TDFAs/Raman amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1569–1570 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Miyamoto, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, M. Tomizawa, and Y. Tada, “Novel modulation and detection for bandwidth-reduced RZ formats using duobinary-mode splitting in wideband PSK/ASK conversion,” J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 2067–2078 (2002).
[Crossref]

Mizuochi, T.

T. Mizuochi et. al., “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE Sel. Top. in Quantum Electronics 10, 376–386 (2004).
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Movassaghi, M.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5 Tb/s (64 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission over 40× 100 km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in OFC (2002).

Murphy, R. J.

D. O. Caplan, M. L. Stevens, J. J. Carney, and R. J. Murphy, “Demonstration of Optical DPSK Communication with 25 Photons/Bit Sensitivity,” in CLEO (2006).

D. O. Caplan, J. C. Gottschalk, R. J. Murphy, N. W. Spellmeyer, and M. L. Stevens, “Performance of high-rate high-sensitivity optical communications with forward error correction coding,” in CLEO (Paper CPDD9, 2004).

Namiki, S.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. L. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Tsukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, “6.4 Tbit/s (160×42.7 Gb/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32×100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,” in OFC (Paper PD19, 2003).

Nelson, L. E.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. L. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Tsukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, “6.4 Tbit/s (160×42.7 Gb/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32×100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,” in OFC (Paper PD19, 2003).

Nissov, M.

J.-X. Cai, D. G. Foursa, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, G. Domagala, H. Li, L. Liu, W. Patterson, A. Pilipetskii, M. Nissov, and N. Bergano, “A DWDM Demonstration of 3.73 Tb/s over 11,000 km using 373 RZ-DPSK Channels at 10 Gb/s,” in OFC (Paper PD22-1, 2003).

Oguri, A.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. L. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Tsukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, “6.4 Tbit/s (160×42.7 Gb/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32×100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,” in OFC (Paper PD19, 2003).

Ohki, Y.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. L. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Tsukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, “6.4 Tbit/s (160×42.7 Gb/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32×100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,” in OFC (Paper PD19, 2003).

Patterson, W.

J.-X. Cai, D. G. Foursa, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, G. Domagala, H. Li, L. Liu, W. Patterson, A. Pilipetskii, M. Nissov, and N. Bergano, “A DWDM Demonstration of 3.73 Tb/s over 11,000 km using 373 RZ-DPSK Channels at 10 Gb/s,” in OFC (Paper PD22-1, 2003).

Pedersen, M. O.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. L. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Tsukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, “6.4 Tbit/s (160×42.7 Gb/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32×100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,” in OFC (Paper PD19, 2003).

Penninckx, D.

D. Penninckx, H. Bissessur, P. Brindel, E. Gohin, and F. Bakhti, “Optical differential phase shift keying (DPSK) direct detection considered as a duobinary signal,” in ECOC (2001).

Pierre, L.

H. Bissessur, G. Charlet, E. Gohin, C. Simonneau, L. Pierre, and W. Idler, “1.6 Tbit/s (40×40 Gbit/s) DPSK transmission over 3×100 km of TeraLight fibre with direct detection,” Electron. Lett. 39, 192–193 (2003).
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Pilipetskii, A.

J.-X. Cai, D. G. Foursa, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, G. Domagala, H. Li, L. Liu, W. Patterson, A. Pilipetskii, M. Nissov, and N. Bergano, “A DWDM Demonstration of 3.73 Tb/s over 11,000 km using 373 RZ-DPSK Channels at 10 Gb/s,” in OFC (Paper PD22-1, 2003).

Proietti, R.

A. D’Errico, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, L. Giorgi, G. Contestabile, and E. Ciaramella, “WDM-DPSK Detection by Means of Frequency-Periodic Gaussian Narrow Filtering” in OFC (2006).

Rasmussen, C.

C. Rasmussen, T. Fjelde, J. Bennike, F. Liu, S. Dey, B. Mikkelsen, P. Mamyshev, P. Serbe, P. van der Wagt, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, D. Gapontsev, V. Ivshin, and P. Reeves-Hall, “DWDM 40G transmission over trans-Pacific distance (10 000 km) using CSRZ-DPSK, enhanced FEC and all-Raman amplified 100 km Ultrawave fiber spans,” in OFC (Paper PD18-1, 2003).

Raybon, G.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5 Tb/s (64 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission over 40× 100 km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in OFC (2002).

Reeves-Hall, P.

C. Rasmussen, T. Fjelde, J. Bennike, F. Liu, S. Dey, B. Mikkelsen, P. Mamyshev, P. Serbe, P. van der Wagt, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, D. Gapontsev, V. Ivshin, and P. Reeves-Hall, “DWDM 40G transmission over trans-Pacific distance (10 000 km) using CSRZ-DPSK, enhanced FEC and all-Raman amplified 100 km Ultrawave fiber spans,” in OFC (Paper PD18-1, 2003).

Royset, A.

A. Royset and D. R. Hjelme, “Novel dispersion tolerant optical duobinary transmitter using phase modulator and Bragg grating filter,” in ECOC (1998).

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F. Séguin and F. Gonthier, “Tuneable All-Fiber® Delay-Line Interferometer for DPSK Demodulation,” in OFC (2005).

Serbe, P.

C. Rasmussen, T. Fjelde, J. Bennike, F. Liu, S. Dey, B. Mikkelsen, P. Mamyshev, P. Serbe, P. van der Wagt, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, D. Gapontsev, V. Ivshin, and P. Reeves-Hall, “DWDM 40G transmission over trans-Pacific distance (10 000 km) using CSRZ-DPSK, enhanced FEC and all-Raman amplified 100 km Ultrawave fiber spans,” in OFC (Paper PD18-1, 2003).

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H. Bissessur, G. Charlet, E. Gohin, C. Simonneau, L. Pierre, and W. Idler, “1.6 Tbit/s (40×40 Gbit/s) DPSK transmission over 3×100 km of TeraLight fibre with direct detection,” Electron. Lett. 39, 192–193 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sinsky, J. H.

J. H. Sinsky, A. Adamiecki, A. H. Gnauck, C. A. Burrus, J. Leuthold, O. Wohlgemuth, and A. Umbach, “A 42.7-Gb/s Integrated Balanced Optical Front End with Record Sensitivity,” in OFC (Paper PD39-1, 2003).

Spellmeyer, N. W.

N. W. Spellmeyer, J. C. Gottschalk, D. O. Caplan, and M. L. Stevens, “High-sensitivity 40-Gb/s RZDPSK with forward error correction,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1579–1581 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. O. Caplan, J. C. Gottschalk, R. J. Murphy, N. W. Spellmeyer, and M. L. Stevens, “Performance of high-rate high-sensitivity optical communications with forward error correction coding,” in CLEO (Paper CPDD9, 2004).

Stein, S.

M. Schwartz, W. R. Bennett, and S. Stein, Communication Systems and Techniques (IEEE Press, New York, 1996).

Stevens, M. L.

N. W. Spellmeyer, J. C. Gottschalk, D. O. Caplan, and M. L. Stevens, “High-sensitivity 40-Gb/s RZDPSK with forward error correction,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1579–1581 (2004).
[Crossref]

D. O. Caplan, M. L. Stevens, J. J. Carney, and R. J. Murphy, “Demonstration of Optical DPSK Communication with 25 Photons/Bit Sensitivity,” in CLEO (2006).

D. O. Caplan, J. C. Gottschalk, R. J. Murphy, N. W. Spellmeyer, and M. L. Stevens, “Performance of high-rate high-sensitivity optical communications with forward error correction coding,” in CLEO (Paper CPDD9, 2004).

Stulz, L.

A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, and L. Stulz, “Demonstration of 42.7-Gb/s DPSK receiver with 45 photons/bit sensitivity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 99–101 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5 Tb/s (64 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission over 40× 100 km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in OFC (2002).

Stulz, S.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. L. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Tsukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, “6.4 Tbit/s (160×42.7 Gb/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32×100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,” in OFC (Paper PD19, 2003).

Swanson, E. A.

E. A. Swanson, J. C. Livas, and R. S. Bondurant, “High sensitivity optically preamplified direct detection DPSK receiver with active delay-line stabilization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 263–265 (1994).
[Crossref]

Tada, Y.

Y. Miyamoto, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, M. Tomizawa, and Y. Tada, “Novel modulation and detection for bandwidth-reduced RZ formats using duobinary-mode splitting in wideband PSK/ASK conversion,” J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 2067–2078 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Miyamoto, H. Masuda, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, Y. Kisaka, H. Kawakami, M. Tomizawa, Y. Tada, and S. Aozasa, “S-band WDM coherent transmission of 40× 43-Gbit/s CS-RZ DPSK signals over 400 km DSF using hybrid GS-TDFAs/Raman amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1569–1570 (2002).
[Crossref]

Tomizawa, M.

Y. Miyamoto, H. Masuda, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, Y. Kisaka, H. Kawakami, M. Tomizawa, Y. Tada, and S. Aozasa, “S-band WDM coherent transmission of 40× 43-Gbit/s CS-RZ DPSK signals over 400 km DSF using hybrid GS-TDFAs/Raman amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1569–1570 (2002).
[Crossref]

Y. Miyamoto, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, M. Tomizawa, and Y. Tada, “Novel modulation and detection for bandwidth-reduced RZ formats using duobinary-mode splitting in wideband PSK/ASK conversion,” J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 2067–2078 (2002).
[Crossref]

Townsend, D. J.

J. R. Minch, D. J. Townsend, and D. R. Gervais, “Rate Adjustable NRZ-DPSK Modulation Scheme with a Fixed Interferometer,” in IEEE LEOS (2005).

Tsukiji, N.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. L. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Tsukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, “6.4 Tbit/s (160×42.7 Gb/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32×100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,” in OFC (Paper PD19, 2003).

Umbach, A.

J. H. Sinsky, A. Adamiecki, A. H. Gnauck, C. A. Burrus, J. Leuthold, O. Wohlgemuth, and A. Umbach, “A 42.7-Gb/s Integrated Balanced Optical Front End with Record Sensitivity,” in OFC (Paper PD39-1, 2003).

van der Wagt, P.

C. Rasmussen, T. Fjelde, J. Bennike, F. Liu, S. Dey, B. Mikkelsen, P. Mamyshev, P. Serbe, P. van der Wagt, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, D. Gapontsev, V. Ivshin, and P. Reeves-Hall, “DWDM 40G transmission over trans-Pacific distance (10 000 km) using CSRZ-DPSK, enhanced FEC and all-Raman amplified 100 km Ultrawave fiber spans,” in OFC (Paper PD18-1, 2003).

Wei, X.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5 Tb/s (64 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission over 40× 100 km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in OFC (2002).

J. Hsieh, A. Chiayu, V. Chien, X. Liu, A. Gnauck, and X. Wei, “Athermal Demodulator for 42.7-Gb/s DPSK Signals,” in ECOC (2005).

Winzer, P. J.

A. H. Gnauck and P. J. Winzer, “Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 115–130 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Kim and P. J. Winzer, “Robustness to laser frequency offset in direct-detection DPSK and DQPSK systems,” J. Lightwave Tech. 21, 1887–1891 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wohlgemuth, O.

J. H. Sinsky, A. Adamiecki, A. H. Gnauck, C. A. Burrus, J. Leuthold, O. Wohlgemuth, and A. Umbach, “A 42.7-Gb/s Integrated Balanced Optical Front End with Record Sensitivity,” in OFC (Paper PD39-1, 2003).

Xu, C.

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5 Tb/s (64 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission over 40× 100 km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in OFC (2002).

Yonenaga, K.

K. Yonenaga and K. Hagimoto, “10-Git/s x four-channel WDM transmission experiment over 2400-km DSF using optical DPSK direct detection scheme,” in OFC (1997).

Zhu, B.

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. L. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Tsukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, “6.4 Tbit/s (160×42.7 Gb/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32×100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,” in OFC (Paper PD19, 2003).

Electron. Lett. (2)

Y. Miyamoto, H. Masuda, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, Y. Kisaka, H. Kawakami, M. Tomizawa, Y. Tada, and S. Aozasa, “S-band WDM coherent transmission of 40× 43-Gbit/s CS-RZ DPSK signals over 400 km DSF using hybrid GS-TDFAs/Raman amplifiers,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1569–1570 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. Bissessur, G. Charlet, E. Gohin, C. Simonneau, L. Pierre, and W. Idler, “1.6 Tbit/s (40×40 Gbit/s) DPSK transmission over 3×100 km of TeraLight fibre with direct detection,” Electron. Lett. 39, 192–193 (2003).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

N. W. Spellmeyer, J. C. Gottschalk, D. O. Caplan, and M. L. Stevens, “High-sensitivity 40-Gb/s RZDPSK with forward error correction,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1579–1581 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, and L. Stulz, “Demonstration of 42.7-Gb/s DPSK receiver with 45 photons/bit sensitivity,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 99–101 (2003).
[Crossref]

E. A. Swanson, J. C. Livas, and R. S. Bondurant, “High sensitivity optically preamplified direct detection DPSK receiver with active delay-line stabilization,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 263–265 (1994).
[Crossref]

IEEE Sel. Top. in Quantum Electronics (1)

T. Mizuochi et. al., “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10-Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE Sel. Top. in Quantum Electronics 10, 376–386 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Tech. (3)

Y. Miyamoto, A. Hirano, S. Kuwahara, M. Tomizawa, and Y. Tada, “Novel modulation and detection for bandwidth-reduced RZ formats using duobinary-mode splitting in wideband PSK/ASK conversion,” J. Lightwave Tech. 20, 2067–2078 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. Kim and P. J. Winzer, “Robustness to laser frequency offset in direct-detection DPSK and DQPSK systems,” J. Lightwave Tech. 21, 1887–1891 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. R. Chinn, D. M. Boroson, and J. C. Livas, “Sensitivity of optically preamplified DPSK receivers with Fabry-Perot filters,” J. Lightwave Tech. 14 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Lightwave Technology (1)

T. Shinagawa, “Detailed investigation on reliability of wavelength-monitor-integrated fixed and tunable DFB laser diode modules,” J. Lightwave Technology 23, 1126–1136 (2005).
[Crossref]

Other (20)

D. O. Caplan, M. L. Stevens, J. J. Carney, and R. J. Murphy, “Demonstration of Optical DPSK Communication with 25 Photons/Bit Sensitivity,” in CLEO (2006).

M. Schwartz, W. R. Bennett, and S. Stein, Communication Systems and Techniques (IEEE Press, New York, 1996).

A. Royset and D. R. Hjelme, “Novel dispersion tolerant optical duobinary transmitter using phase modulator and Bragg grating filter,” in ECOC (1998).

D. Penninckx, H. Bissessur, P. Brindel, E. Gohin, and F. Bakhti, “Optical differential phase shift keying (DPSK) direct detection considered as a duobinary signal,” in ECOC (2001).

A. D’Errico, R. Proietti, N. Calabretta, L. Giorgi, G. Contestabile, and E. Ciaramella, “WDM-DPSK Detection by Means of Frequency-Periodic Gaussian Narrow Filtering” in OFC (2006).

D. O. Caplan, “Multi-channel DPSK Receiver,” in US Pat. Appl. 11/022,344 (2004).

J. R. Minch, D. J. Townsend, and D. R. Gervais, “Rate Adjustable NRZ-DPSK Modulation Scheme with a Fixed Interferometer,” in IEEE LEOS (2005).

K. Yonenaga and K. Hagimoto, “10-Git/s x four-channel WDM transmission experiment over 2400-km DSF using optical DPSK direct detection scheme,” in OFC (1997).

A. H. Gnauck, G. Raybon, S. Chandrasekhar, J. Leuthold, C. Doerr, L. Stulz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. Grosz, S. Hunsche, A. Kung, A. Marhelyuk, D. Maywar, M. Movassaghi, X. Liu, C. Xu, X. Wei, and D. M. Gill, “2.5 Tb/s (64 × 42.7 Gb/s) transmission over 40× 100 km NZDSF using RZ-DPSK format and all-Raman-amplified spans,” in OFC (2002).

J.-X. Cai, D. G. Foursa, C. R. Davidson, Y. Cai, G. Domagala, H. Li, L. Liu, W. Patterson, A. Pilipetskii, M. Nissov, and N. Bergano, “A DWDM Demonstration of 3.73 Tb/s over 11,000 km using 373 RZ-DPSK Channels at 10 Gb/s,” in OFC (Paper PD22-1, 2003).

C. Rasmussen, T. Fjelde, J. Bennike, F. Liu, S. Dey, B. Mikkelsen, P. Mamyshev, P. Serbe, P. van der Wagt, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, D. Gapontsev, V. Ivshin, and P. Reeves-Hall, “DWDM 40G transmission over trans-Pacific distance (10 000 km) using CSRZ-DPSK, enhanced FEC and all-Raman amplified 100 km Ultrawave fiber spans,” in OFC (Paper PD18-1, 2003).

B. Zhu, L. E. Nelson, S. Stulz, A. H. Gnauck, C. Doerr, J. Leuthold, L. Gruner-Nielsen, M. O. Pedersen, J. Kim, R. L. Lingle, Jr., Y. Emori, Y. Ohki, N. Tsukiji, A. Oguri, and S. Namiki, “6.4 Tbit/s (160×42.7 Gb/s) transmission with 0.8 bit/s/Hz spectral efficiency over 32×100 km of fiber using CSRZ-DPSK format,” in OFC (Paper PD19, 2003).

D. G. Heflinger, J. S. Bauch, and T. E. Humes, “Apparatus and method for tuning an optical interferometer,” in US Pat. 6,396,605 (2002).

F. Séguin and F. Gonthier, “Tuneable All-Fiber® Delay-Line Interferometer for DPSK Demodulation,” in OFC (2005).

J. Hsieh, A. Chiayu, V. Chien, X. Liu, A. Gnauck, and X. Wei, “Athermal Demodulator for 42.7-Gb/s DPSK Signals,” in ECOC (2005).

D. O. Caplan, “Reconfigurable Polarization Independent Interferometers and Methods of Stabilization,” in US Pat. Appl. 11/318,255 (2005).

J. H. Sinsky, A. Adamiecki, A. H. Gnauck, C. A. Burrus, J. Leuthold, O. Wohlgemuth, and A. Umbach, “A 42.7-Gb/s Integrated Balanced Optical Front End with Record Sensitivity,” in OFC (Paper PD39-1, 2003).

D. O. Caplan, J. C. Gottschalk, R. J. Murphy, N. W. Spellmeyer, and M. L. Stevens, “Performance of high-rate high-sensitivity optical communications with forward error correction coding,” in CLEO (Paper CPDD9, 2004).

J. C. Livas, “High sensitivity optically preamplified 10 Gb/s receivers,” in OFC, Paper PD4 (1996).

W. A. Atia and R. S. Bondurant, “Demonstration of return-to-zero signaling in both OOK and DPSK formats to improve receiver sensitivity in an optically preamplified receiver,” in LEOS (1999).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Commonly used 33%RZ, 50%RZ, and 66%RZ pulse-carving waveforms (left) and the impact of interferometer delay error on DPSK receiver sensitivity for each waveform (right).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

A Multi-λ DPSK RX with feedback and feedforward alignment capabilities that can include a pilot tone (λp) or master-channel, wavemeter, channel power and bit-error rate (BER), and interactive communication with the network (NFB) [25].

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Periodic transfer function (fringes) of a DI: sin2() and cos2() outputs; and calculated (Δγcalc) and measured (Δγexpt) SNR penalties as a function of carrier frequency offset Δf, normalized by the DI FSR.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The experimental setup consisting of a 2-channel (wavelength) master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) TX that generates 50%-RZ DPSK waveforms, and an opticallypreamplified Multi-Channel DPSK Receiver. A differential delay > the bit period is inserted between the two channels to ensure bit-pattern independence.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

SNR stability of the slave-channel (CH2) with open-loop λ-control.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Measured BER curves for two 2.5 Gbit/s WDM-DPSK channels demodulated with the same interferometer. The CH1 RX filter is a nearly matched 3.8 GHz Gaussian, yielding performance 1.5 dB from theory. CH2 performance is ~3.3 dB from theory due to a wider 13 GHz Gaussian receiver filter.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ ν ch = m FSR 2 ± Δ f .
Q m ( a , b ) = b x exp [ 1 2 ( x 2 + a 2 ) ] I o ( a x ) d x ,
BER calc 0.5 [ 1 Q m ( 2 γ th cos ( π Δ f FSR ) , 2 γ th sin ( π Δ f FSR ) ) + Q m ( 2 γ th sin ( π Δ f FSR ) , 2 γ th cos ( π Δ f FSR ) ) ] ,
γ calc ln ( 2 · BER calc ) and Δ γ 10 log 10 ( γ calc γ th ) ,
d λ d T 0.1 nm o C = 12.5 GHz o C and d λ d i 0.004 nm mA = 0.5 GHz mA .

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