Abstract

We demonstrate a new and extremely compact design for a directly diode-pumped Yb:glass laser oscillator that is used as femtosecond light source for supercontinuum generation. The laser is capable of generating femtosecond pulses of 150 fs and pulse energies up to 39 nJ at a repetition rate of 20 MHz. By using a Herriott-type multi-pass cell, 70 % of the total resonator length are folded to only 30 cm. With off-the-shelf components, our setup has a footprint of 62 × 23 cm2. Using smaller mechanical components, the size can easily be further decreased. In combination with a tapered fiber, the laser forms a cheap, stable, and compact femtosecond supercontinuum source with up to 400 mW of average whitelight power.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. T. Betz, J. Teipel, D. Koch, W. Härtig, J. Guck, J. Käs, and H. Giessen, “Excitation beyond the monochromatic laser limit: simultaneous 3-D confocal and multiphoton microscopy with a tapered fiber as white-light laser source,” J. Biomed. Optics 10, 054009 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  2. M. Punke, F. Hoos, C. Karnutsch, U. Lemmer, N. Linder, and K. Streubel, “High-repetition-rate white-light pump-probe spectroscopy with a tapered fiber,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1157–1159 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. F.G. Omenetto, N.A. Wolchover, M.R. Wehner, M. Ross, A. Efimov, A.J. Taylor, V.V.R.K. Kumar, A.K. George, J.C. Knight, N.Y. Joly, and P.St. Russell, “Spectrally smooth supercontinuum from 350 nm to 3 μm in sub-centimeter lengths of soft-glass photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 14, 4928–4934 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. H. Kano and H. Hamaguchi, “Vibrationally resonant imaging of a single living cell by supercontinuum-based multiplex coherent anit-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy,” Opt. Express 13, 1322–1327 (2005).
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    [Crossref]
  6. D.A. Akimov, A.A. Ivanov, M.V. Alfimov, S.N. Bagayev, T.A. Birks, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, A.B. Fedotov, V.S. Pivtsov, A.A. Podhivalov, and A.M. Zheltikov, “Two-octave spectral broadening of subnanojoule Cr:forsterite femtosecond laser pulses in tapered fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 307–311 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  7. J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Türke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, “Characteristics of super-continuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 245–251 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. Teipel, D. Türke, H. Giessen, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, D. Kopf, and M. Kolesik, “Diode-pumped, ultrafast, multi-octave supercontinuum source at repetition rates between 500 kHz and 20 MHz using Yb:glass lasers and tapered fibers,” Opt. Express 13, 1477–1485 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. A. Killi, U. Morgner, M.J. Lederer, and D. Kopf,“Diode-pumped femtosecond laser oscillator with cavity dumping,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1288–1290 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  10. C. Hönninger, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, “Efficient and tunable diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:glass lasers,” Opt. Lett. 23, 126–128 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  11. F.X. Kärtner, I.D. Jung, and U. Keller, “Soliton Mode-Locking with Saturable Absorbers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 540–556 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  12. F.X. Kärtner, J. aus der Au, and U. Keller, “Mode-Locking with Slow and Fast Saturable Absorbers - What’s the Difference?,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 159–168 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  13. U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424, 831–838 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. U. Keller, D.A.B. Miller, G.D. Boyd, T.H. Chiu, J.F. Ferguson, and M.T. Asom, “Solid-state low-loss intracavity saturable absorber for Nd:YLF lasers: an antiresonant semiconductor Fabry-Perot saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 17, 505–507 (1991).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  16. D.R. Herriott and H.J. Schulte, “Folded Optical Delay Lines,” Appl. Opt. 4, 883–889 (1965).
    [Crossref]
  17. A. Sennaroglu and J.G. Fujimoto, “Design criteria for Herriott-type multi-pass cavities for ultrashort pulse lasers,” Opt. Express 11, 1106–1113 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. K. Naganuma, G. Lenz, and E.P. Ippen, “Variable Bandwidth Birefringent Filter for Tunable Femtosecond Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2141–2150 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  19. D. Türke, W. Wohlleben, J. Teipel, M. Motzkus, B. Kibler, J. Dudley, and H. Giessen, “Chirp-controlled soliton fission in tapered optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 83, 37–42 (2006).
    [Crossref]

2006 (4)

2005 (4)

2003 (3)

J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Türke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, “Characteristics of super-continuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 245–251 (2003).
[Crossref]

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424, 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Sennaroglu and J.G. Fujimoto, “Design criteria for Herriott-type multi-pass cavities for ultrashort pulse lasers,” Opt. Express 11, 1106–1113 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

D.A. Akimov, A.A. Ivanov, M.V. Alfimov, S.N. Bagayev, T.A. Birks, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, A.B. Fedotov, V.S. Pivtsov, A.A. Podhivalov, and A.M. Zheltikov, “Two-octave spectral broadening of subnanojoule Cr:forsterite femtosecond laser pulses in tapered fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 307–311 (2002).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

F.X. Kärtner, J. aus der Au, and U. Keller, “Mode-Locking with Slow and Fast Saturable Absorbers - What’s the Difference?,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 159–168 (1998).
[Crossref]

C. Hönninger, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, “Efficient and tunable diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:glass lasers,” Opt. Lett. 23, 126–128 (1998).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

F.X. Kärtner, I.D. Jung, and U. Keller, “Soliton Mode-Locking with Saturable Absorbers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 540–556 (1996).
[Crossref]

U. Keller, K.J. Weingarten, F.X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I.D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. aus der Au, “Semiconductor Saturable Absorber Mirrors (SESAM’s) for Femtosecond to Nanosecond Pulse Generation in Solid-State Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

K. Naganuma, G. Lenz, and E.P. Ippen, “Variable Bandwidth Birefringent Filter for Tunable Femtosecond Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2141–2150 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

1965 (1)

Akimov, D.A.

D.A. Akimov, A.A. Ivanov, M.V. Alfimov, S.N. Bagayev, T.A. Birks, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, A.B. Fedotov, V.S. Pivtsov, A.A. Podhivalov, and A.M. Zheltikov, “Two-octave spectral broadening of subnanojoule Cr:forsterite femtosecond laser pulses in tapered fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 307–311 (2002).
[Crossref]

Alfimov, M.V.

D.A. Akimov, A.A. Ivanov, M.V. Alfimov, S.N. Bagayev, T.A. Birks, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, A.B. Fedotov, V.S. Pivtsov, A.A. Podhivalov, and A.M. Zheltikov, “Two-octave spectral broadening of subnanojoule Cr:forsterite femtosecond laser pulses in tapered fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 307–311 (2002).
[Crossref]

Asom, M.T.

Au, J. aus der

F.X. Kärtner, J. aus der Au, and U. Keller, “Mode-Locking with Slow and Fast Saturable Absorbers - What’s the Difference?,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 159–168 (1998).
[Crossref]

U. Keller, K.J. Weingarten, F.X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I.D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. aus der Au, “Semiconductor Saturable Absorber Mirrors (SESAM’s) for Femtosecond to Nanosecond Pulse Generation in Solid-State Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[Crossref]

Bagayev, S.N.

D.A. Akimov, A.A. Ivanov, M.V. Alfimov, S.N. Bagayev, T.A. Birks, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, A.B. Fedotov, V.S. Pivtsov, A.A. Podhivalov, and A.M. Zheltikov, “Two-octave spectral broadening of subnanojoule Cr:forsterite femtosecond laser pulses in tapered fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 307–311 (2002).
[Crossref]

Betz, T.

T. Betz, J. Teipel, D. Koch, W. Härtig, J. Guck, J. Käs, and H. Giessen, “Excitation beyond the monochromatic laser limit: simultaneous 3-D confocal and multiphoton microscopy with a tapered fiber as white-light laser source,” J. Biomed. Optics 10, 054009 (2005).
[Crossref]

Biancalana, F.

Birks, T.A.

W.J. Wadsworth, N. Joly, J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, F. Biancalana, and P.St.J. Russell, “Supercontinuum and four-wave mixing with Q-switched pulses in endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibres,” Opt. Express 12, 299–309 (2006).
[Crossref]

D.A. Akimov, A.A. Ivanov, M.V. Alfimov, S.N. Bagayev, T.A. Birks, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, A.B. Fedotov, V.S. Pivtsov, A.A. Podhivalov, and A.M. Zheltikov, “Two-octave spectral broadening of subnanojoule Cr:forsterite femtosecond laser pulses in tapered fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 307–311 (2002).
[Crossref]

Boyd, G.D.

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K.J. Weingarten, F.X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I.D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. aus der Au, “Semiconductor Saturable Absorber Mirrors (SESAM’s) for Femtosecond to Nanosecond Pulse Generation in Solid-State Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[Crossref]

Chiu, T.H.

Dudley, J.

D. Türke, W. Wohlleben, J. Teipel, M. Motzkus, B. Kibler, J. Dudley, and H. Giessen, “Chirp-controlled soliton fission in tapered optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 83, 37–42 (2006).
[Crossref]

Efimov, A.

Fedotov, A.B.

D.A. Akimov, A.A. Ivanov, M.V. Alfimov, S.N. Bagayev, T.A. Birks, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, A.B. Fedotov, V.S. Pivtsov, A.A. Podhivalov, and A.M. Zheltikov, “Two-octave spectral broadening of subnanojoule Cr:forsterite femtosecond laser pulses in tapered fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 307–311 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ferguson, J.F.

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K.J. Weingarten, F.X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I.D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. aus der Au, “Semiconductor Saturable Absorber Mirrors (SESAM’s) for Femtosecond to Nanosecond Pulse Generation in Solid-State Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[Crossref]

Franke, K.

J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Türke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, “Characteristics of super-continuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 245–251 (2003).
[Crossref]

Fujimoto, J.G.

George, A.K.

Giessen, H.

D. Türke, W. Wohlleben, J. Teipel, M. Motzkus, B. Kibler, J. Dudley, and H. Giessen, “Chirp-controlled soliton fission in tapered optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 83, 37–42 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Betz, J. Teipel, D. Koch, W. Härtig, J. Guck, J. Käs, and H. Giessen, “Excitation beyond the monochromatic laser limit: simultaneous 3-D confocal and multiphoton microscopy with a tapered fiber as white-light laser source,” J. Biomed. Optics 10, 054009 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Teipel, D. Türke, H. Giessen, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, D. Kopf, and M. Kolesik, “Diode-pumped, ultrafast, multi-octave supercontinuum source at repetition rates between 500 kHz and 20 MHz using Yb:glass lasers and tapered fibers,” Opt. Express 13, 1477–1485 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Türke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, “Characteristics of super-continuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 245–251 (2003).
[Crossref]

Guck, J.

T. Betz, J. Teipel, D. Koch, W. Härtig, J. Guck, J. Käs, and H. Giessen, “Excitation beyond the monochromatic laser limit: simultaneous 3-D confocal and multiphoton microscopy with a tapered fiber as white-light laser source,” J. Biomed. Optics 10, 054009 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hamaguchi, H.

Härtig, W.

T. Betz, J. Teipel, D. Koch, W. Härtig, J. Guck, J. Käs, and H. Giessen, “Excitation beyond the monochromatic laser limit: simultaneous 3-D confocal and multiphoton microscopy with a tapered fiber as white-light laser source,” J. Biomed. Optics 10, 054009 (2005).
[Crossref]

Herriott, D.R.

Hönninger, C.

C. Hönninger, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, “Efficient and tunable diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:glass lasers,” Opt. Lett. 23, 126–128 (1998).
[Crossref]

U. Keller, K.J. Weingarten, F.X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I.D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. aus der Au, “Semiconductor Saturable Absorber Mirrors (SESAM’s) for Femtosecond to Nanosecond Pulse Generation in Solid-State Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[Crossref]

Hoos, F.

Ippen, E.P.

K. Naganuma, G. Lenz, and E.P. Ippen, “Variable Bandwidth Birefringent Filter for Tunable Femtosecond Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2141–2150 (1992).
[Crossref]

Ivanov, A.A.

D.A. Akimov, A.A. Ivanov, M.V. Alfimov, S.N. Bagayev, T.A. Birks, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, A.B. Fedotov, V.S. Pivtsov, A.A. Podhivalov, and A.M. Zheltikov, “Two-octave spectral broadening of subnanojoule Cr:forsterite femtosecond laser pulses in tapered fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 307–311 (2002).
[Crossref]

Joly, N.

Joly, N.Y.

Jung, I.D.

U. Keller, K.J. Weingarten, F.X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I.D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. aus der Au, “Semiconductor Saturable Absorber Mirrors (SESAM’s) for Femtosecond to Nanosecond Pulse Generation in Solid-State Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[Crossref]

F.X. Kärtner, I.D. Jung, and U. Keller, “Soliton Mode-Locking with Saturable Absorbers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 540–556 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kano, H.

Karnutsch, C.

Kärtner, F.X.

F.X. Kärtner, J. aus der Au, and U. Keller, “Mode-Locking with Slow and Fast Saturable Absorbers - What’s the Difference?,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 159–168 (1998).
[Crossref]

F.X. Kärtner, I.D. Jung, and U. Keller, “Soliton Mode-Locking with Saturable Absorbers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 540–556 (1996).
[Crossref]

U. Keller, K.J. Weingarten, F.X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I.D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. aus der Au, “Semiconductor Saturable Absorber Mirrors (SESAM’s) for Femtosecond to Nanosecond Pulse Generation in Solid-State Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[Crossref]

Käs, J.

T. Betz, J. Teipel, D. Koch, W. Härtig, J. Guck, J. Käs, and H. Giessen, “Excitation beyond the monochromatic laser limit: simultaneous 3-D confocal and multiphoton microscopy with a tapered fiber as white-light laser source,” J. Biomed. Optics 10, 054009 (2005).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424, 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F.X. Kärtner, J. aus der Au, and U. Keller, “Mode-Locking with Slow and Fast Saturable Absorbers - What’s the Difference?,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 159–168 (1998).
[Crossref]

C. Hönninger, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, “Efficient and tunable diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:glass lasers,” Opt. Lett. 23, 126–128 (1998).
[Crossref]

U. Keller, K.J. Weingarten, F.X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I.D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. aus der Au, “Semiconductor Saturable Absorber Mirrors (SESAM’s) for Femtosecond to Nanosecond Pulse Generation in Solid-State Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[Crossref]

F.X. Kärtner, I.D. Jung, and U. Keller, “Soliton Mode-Locking with Saturable Absorbers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 540–556 (1996).
[Crossref]

U. Keller, D.A.B. Miller, G.D. Boyd, T.H. Chiu, J.F. Ferguson, and M.T. Asom, “Solid-state low-loss intracavity saturable absorber for Nd:YLF lasers: an antiresonant semiconductor Fabry-Perot saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 17, 505–507 (1991).
[Crossref]

Kibler, B.

D. Türke, W. Wohlleben, J. Teipel, M. Motzkus, B. Kibler, J. Dudley, and H. Giessen, “Chirp-controlled soliton fission in tapered optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 83, 37–42 (2006).
[Crossref]

Killi, A.

Knight, J.C.

Koch, D.

T. Betz, J. Teipel, D. Koch, W. Härtig, J. Guck, J. Käs, and H. Giessen, “Excitation beyond the monochromatic laser limit: simultaneous 3-D confocal and multiphoton microscopy with a tapered fiber as white-light laser source,” J. Biomed. Optics 10, 054009 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kolesik, M.

Kopf, D.

A. Killi, U. Morgner, M.J. Lederer, and D. Kopf,“Diode-pumped femtosecond laser oscillator with cavity dumping,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1288–1290 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Teipel, D. Türke, H. Giessen, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, D. Kopf, and M. Kolesik, “Diode-pumped, ultrafast, multi-octave supercontinuum source at repetition rates between 500 kHz and 20 MHz using Yb:glass lasers and tapered fibers,” Opt. Express 13, 1477–1485 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

U. Keller, K.J. Weingarten, F.X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I.D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. aus der Au, “Semiconductor Saturable Absorber Mirrors (SESAM’s) for Femtosecond to Nanosecond Pulse Generation in Solid-State Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kumar, V.V.R.K.

Lederer, M.

Lederer, M.J.

Lemmer, U.

Lenz, G.

K. Naganuma, G. Lenz, and E.P. Ippen, “Variable Bandwidth Birefringent Filter for Tunable Femtosecond Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2141–2150 (1992).
[Crossref]

Leuschner, M.

J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Türke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, “Characteristics of super-continuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 245–251 (2003).
[Crossref]

Linder, N.

Matuschek, N.

U. Keller, K.J. Weingarten, F.X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I.D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. aus der Au, “Semiconductor Saturable Absorber Mirrors (SESAM’s) for Femtosecond to Nanosecond Pulse Generation in Solid-State Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[Crossref]

Meiser, D.

J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Türke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, “Characteristics of super-continuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 245–251 (2003).
[Crossref]

Miller, D.A.B.

Morgner, U.

Morier-Genoud, F.

Moser, M.

Motzkus, M.

D. Türke, W. Wohlleben, J. Teipel, M. Motzkus, B. Kibler, J. Dudley, and H. Giessen, “Chirp-controlled soliton fission in tapered optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 83, 37–42 (2006).
[Crossref]

Naganuma, K.

K. Naganuma, G. Lenz, and E.P. Ippen, “Variable Bandwidth Birefringent Filter for Tunable Femtosecond Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2141–2150 (1992).
[Crossref]

Omenetto, F.G.

Pivtsov, V.S.

D.A. Akimov, A.A. Ivanov, M.V. Alfimov, S.N. Bagayev, T.A. Birks, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, A.B. Fedotov, V.S. Pivtsov, A.A. Podhivalov, and A.M. Zheltikov, “Two-octave spectral broadening of subnanojoule Cr:forsterite femtosecond laser pulses in tapered fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 307–311 (2002).
[Crossref]

Podhivalov, A.A.

D.A. Akimov, A.A. Ivanov, M.V. Alfimov, S.N. Bagayev, T.A. Birks, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, A.B. Fedotov, V.S. Pivtsov, A.A. Podhivalov, and A.M. Zheltikov, “Two-octave spectral broadening of subnanojoule Cr:forsterite femtosecond laser pulses in tapered fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 307–311 (2002).
[Crossref]

Punke, M.

Ross, M.

Russell, P.St.

Russell, P.St.J.

W.J. Wadsworth, N. Joly, J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, F. Biancalana, and P.St.J. Russell, “Supercontinuum and four-wave mixing with Q-switched pulses in endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibres,” Opt. Express 12, 299–309 (2006).
[Crossref]

D.A. Akimov, A.A. Ivanov, M.V. Alfimov, S.N. Bagayev, T.A. Birks, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, A.B. Fedotov, V.S. Pivtsov, A.A. Podhivalov, and A.M. Zheltikov, “Two-octave spectral broadening of subnanojoule Cr:forsterite femtosecond laser pulses in tapered fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 307–311 (2002).
[Crossref]

Schulte, H.J.

Sennaroglu, A.

Streubel, K.

Taylor, A.J.

Teipel, J.

D. Türke, W. Wohlleben, J. Teipel, M. Motzkus, B. Kibler, J. Dudley, and H. Giessen, “Chirp-controlled soliton fission in tapered optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 83, 37–42 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Betz, J. Teipel, D. Koch, W. Härtig, J. Guck, J. Käs, and H. Giessen, “Excitation beyond the monochromatic laser limit: simultaneous 3-D confocal and multiphoton microscopy with a tapered fiber as white-light laser source,” J. Biomed. Optics 10, 054009 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Teipel, D. Türke, H. Giessen, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, D. Kopf, and M. Kolesik, “Diode-pumped, ultrafast, multi-octave supercontinuum source at repetition rates between 500 kHz and 20 MHz using Yb:glass lasers and tapered fibers,” Opt. Express 13, 1477–1485 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Türke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, “Characteristics of super-continuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 245–251 (2003).
[Crossref]

Türke, D.

D. Türke, W. Wohlleben, J. Teipel, M. Motzkus, B. Kibler, J. Dudley, and H. Giessen, “Chirp-controlled soliton fission in tapered optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 83, 37–42 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Teipel, D. Türke, H. Giessen, A. Killi, U. Morgner, M. Lederer, D. Kopf, and M. Kolesik, “Diode-pumped, ultrafast, multi-octave supercontinuum source at repetition rates between 500 kHz and 20 MHz using Yb:glass lasers and tapered fibers,” Opt. Express 13, 1477–1485 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Türke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, “Characteristics of super-continuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 245–251 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wadsworth, W.J.

W.J. Wadsworth, N. Joly, J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, F. Biancalana, and P.St.J. Russell, “Supercontinuum and four-wave mixing with Q-switched pulses in endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fibres,” Opt. Express 12, 299–309 (2006).
[Crossref]

D.A. Akimov, A.A. Ivanov, M.V. Alfimov, S.N. Bagayev, T.A. Birks, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, A.B. Fedotov, V.S. Pivtsov, A.A. Podhivalov, and A.M. Zheltikov, “Two-octave spectral broadening of subnanojoule Cr:forsterite femtosecond laser pulses in tapered fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 307–311 (2002).
[Crossref]

Warken, F.

J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Türke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, “Characteristics of super-continuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 245–251 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wehner, M.R.

Weingarten, K.J.

U. Keller, K.J. Weingarten, F.X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I.D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. aus der Au, “Semiconductor Saturable Absorber Mirrors (SESAM’s) for Femtosecond to Nanosecond Pulse Generation in Solid-State Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[Crossref]

Wohlleben, W.

D. Türke, W. Wohlleben, J. Teipel, M. Motzkus, B. Kibler, J. Dudley, and H. Giessen, “Chirp-controlled soliton fission in tapered optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 83, 37–42 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wolchover, N.A.

Zheltikov, A.M.

D.A. Akimov, A.A. Ivanov, M.V. Alfimov, S.N. Bagayev, T.A. Birks, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, A.B. Fedotov, V.S. Pivtsov, A.A. Podhivalov, and A.M. Zheltikov, “Two-octave spectral broadening of subnanojoule Cr:forsterite femtosecond laser pulses in tapered fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 307–311 (2002).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (3)

D.A. Akimov, A.A. Ivanov, M.V. Alfimov, S.N. Bagayev, T.A. Birks, W.J. Wadsworth, P.St.J. Russell, A.B. Fedotov, V.S. Pivtsov, A.A. Podhivalov, and A.M. Zheltikov, “Two-octave spectral broadening of subnanojoule Cr:forsterite femtosecond laser pulses in tapered fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 74, 307–311 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Türke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, “Characteristics of super-continuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 245–251 (2003).
[Crossref]

D. Türke, W. Wohlleben, J. Teipel, M. Motzkus, B. Kibler, J. Dudley, and H. Giessen, “Chirp-controlled soliton fission in tapered optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 83, 37–42 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Naganuma, G. Lenz, and E.P. Ippen, “Variable Bandwidth Birefringent Filter for Tunable Femtosecond Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2141–2150 (1992).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (3)

U. Keller, K.J. Weingarten, F.X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I.D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. aus der Au, “Semiconductor Saturable Absorber Mirrors (SESAM’s) for Femtosecond to Nanosecond Pulse Generation in Solid-State Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[Crossref]

F.X. Kärtner, I.D. Jung, and U. Keller, “Soliton Mode-Locking with Saturable Absorbers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 540–556 (1996).
[Crossref]

F.X. Kärtner, J. aus der Au, and U. Keller, “Mode-Locking with Slow and Fast Saturable Absorbers - What’s the Difference?,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 159–168 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Biomed. Optics (1)

T. Betz, J. Teipel, D. Koch, W. Härtig, J. Guck, J. Käs, and H. Giessen, “Excitation beyond the monochromatic laser limit: simultaneous 3-D confocal and multiphoton microscopy with a tapered fiber as white-light laser source,” J. Biomed. Optics 10, 054009 (2005).
[Crossref]

Nature (1)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424, 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scheme of the Yb:glass laser with a Herriott-type multi-pass cell: LD pump laser diode; L1, L2 achromatic lenses; M1, M4, M5, M6, M7, M9 curved mirrors; M3,M10 dichroic flat mirrors; M2,M8 dispersive flat mirrors; OC 5% output coupler; BiFi birefringent filter. The beam path inside the Herriott-cell is only indicated for clarity. In fact the beam bounces nine times on each of the two mirrors M4 and M5.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Laser outpout power for laser operation in the cw-regime and for pulses with a length of 150 fs, repectively. Mode-locking sets in at a pump power of approximately 4.5 W.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Autocorrelation trace for the laser configuration that supports 150 fs pulses. The full-width half-maximum of the autocorrelation trace is determined to 227 fs corresponding to a pulse width of 147 fs if one assumes a perfectly sech2-shaped pulse. The inset shows a trace of an interferometric autocorrelation. (b) Optical spectrum of the laser output.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Supercontinua obtained from three different tapered fibers without pulse pre-chirp in dependence on the supercontinuum output power. (a) Broad spectrum with 290 mW average power obtained from a fiber with 2.7 μm waist diameter. (b) Smoother spectrum with 400 mW average power obtained from a thicker fiber with 4.3 μm waist diameter. (c) Spectrum with a significant fraction in the blue to near-ultraviolet region at a total average power of 320 mW obtained with a waist diameter of 2.0 μm.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Supercontinua in dependence on the pulse pre-chirp. The broadest spectra are plotted in red. (a) Spectra for a fiber with 2.0 μm waist diameter. The average output power was held constant at 280 mW. (b) Spectra for a thicker fiber with 4.3 μm waist diameter at 325 mW output power.

Equations (1)

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L = R ( 1 ± 1 1 cos ( m n π ) 2 )

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