Abstract

An ultrafast all-optical logic NOR gate based on a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) and a fiber delay interferometer (FDI) is presented. For high-speed input return-to-zero (RZ) signal, nonreturn-to-zero (NRZ) switching windows which satisfy Boolean NOR operation can be formed by properly choosing the delay time and the phase shift of FDI. 40Gb/s NOR operation has been demonstrated successfully with low control optical power. The factors that degrade the NOR operation have been discussed.

©2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. X. Zhang, Y. Wang, J. Sun, D. Liu, and D. Huang, “All-optical AND gate at 10 Gbit/s based on cascaded single-port-couple SOAs,” Opt. Express 12, 361–366 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. S.H. Kim, J.H. Kim, B.G. Yu, Y.T. Byun, Y.M. Jeon, S. Lee, D.H. Woo, and S.H. Kim, “All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electronics Letters 41, 1027–1028(2005).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. Hamie, A. Sharaiha, M. Guegan, and B. Pucel, “All-optical logic NOR gate using two-cascaded semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1439–1441(2002).
    [Crossref]
  4. C. Zhao, X. Zhang, H. Liu, D. Liu, and D. Huang, “Tunable all-optical NOR gate at 10 Gb/s based on SOA fiber ring laser,“ Opt. Express 13, 2793–2798 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. J.H. Kim, Y.M. Jhon, Y.T. Byun, S. Lee, D.H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438(2002).
    [Crossref]
  6. Q. Wang, H. Dong, G. Zhu, H. Sun, J. Jaques, A.B. Piccirilli, and H.K. Dutta, “All-optical logic OR gate using SOA and delayed interferometer,” Optics Communications 260, 81–86(2006).
    [Crossref]
  7. R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, G. D. Maxwell, and A. J. Poustie, “40 Gbit/s all-optical XOR gate based on hybrid-integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 39, 79–81(2003).
    [Crossref]
  8. R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, and R. Giller, “All-optical 40 Gb/s logic XOR gate with dual ultrafast nonlinear interferometers,“ Electron. Lett. 41, 49–50(2005).
    [Crossref]
  9. Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 703–710(2004).
    [Crossref]
  10. H. Sun, Q. Wang, H. Dong, Z. Chen, H.K. Dutta, J. Jaques, and A.B. Piccirilli, “All-optical logic xor gate at 80 Gb/s using SOA-MZI-DI,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 747–751(2006).
    [Crossref]
  11. Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, and K. Tajima, “Nonlinear phase shifts induced by semiconductor optical amplifiers with control pulses at repetition frequencies in the 40-160-GHz range for use in ultrahigh-speed all-optical signal processing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2573–2589 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  12. M. Nielsen and J. Mørk, “Bandwidth enhancement of SOA-based switches using optical filtering: theory and experimental verification,” Opt. Express 14, 1260–1265 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. M. L Nielsen and J. Mørk, “Increasing the modulation bandwidth of semiconductor-optical-amplifier-based switches by using optical filtering,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1606–1619 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  14. Z. Jiang, X. Zhang, D. Liu, and D. Huang, “Theoretical and experimental investigation on carrier recovery time in semiconductor optical amplifier”, in Semiconductor and Organic Optoelectronic Materials and Devices, Chung-En Zah, Yi Luo, and Shinji Tsuji, eds., Proc. SPIE 5624, 563–574(2004).
  15. G. P. Agarwal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, USA, 1997).

2006 (3)

Q. Wang, H. Dong, G. Zhu, H. Sun, J. Jaques, A.B. Piccirilli, and H.K. Dutta, “All-optical logic OR gate using SOA and delayed interferometer,” Optics Communications 260, 81–86(2006).
[Crossref]

H. Sun, Q. Wang, H. Dong, Z. Chen, H.K. Dutta, J. Jaques, and A.B. Piccirilli, “All-optical logic xor gate at 80 Gb/s using SOA-MZI-DI,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 747–751(2006).
[Crossref]

M. Nielsen and J. Mørk, “Bandwidth enhancement of SOA-based switches using optical filtering: theory and experimental verification,” Opt. Express 14, 1260–1265 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

C. Zhao, X. Zhang, H. Liu, D. Liu, and D. Huang, “Tunable all-optical NOR gate at 10 Gb/s based on SOA fiber ring laser,“ Opt. Express 13, 2793–2798 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.H. Kim, J.H. Kim, B.G. Yu, Y.T. Byun, Y.M. Jeon, S. Lee, D.H. Woo, and S.H. Kim, “All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electronics Letters 41, 1027–1028(2005).
[Crossref]

R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, and R. Giller, “All-optical 40 Gb/s logic XOR gate with dual ultrafast nonlinear interferometers,“ Electron. Lett. 41, 49–50(2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (4)

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 703–710(2004).
[Crossref]

Z. Jiang, X. Zhang, D. Liu, and D. Huang, “Theoretical and experimental investigation on carrier recovery time in semiconductor optical amplifier”, in Semiconductor and Organic Optoelectronic Materials and Devices, Chung-En Zah, Yi Luo, and Shinji Tsuji, eds., Proc. SPIE 5624, 563–574(2004).

X. Zhang, Y. Wang, J. Sun, D. Liu, and D. Huang, “All-optical AND gate at 10 Gbit/s based on cascaded single-port-couple SOAs,” Opt. Express 12, 361–366 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. L Nielsen and J. Mørk, “Increasing the modulation bandwidth of semiconductor-optical-amplifier-based switches by using optical filtering,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1606–1619 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, G. D. Maxwell, and A. J. Poustie, “40 Gbit/s all-optical XOR gate based on hybrid-integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 39, 79–81(2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (3)

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, and K. Tajima, “Nonlinear phase shifts induced by semiconductor optical amplifiers with control pulses at repetition frequencies in the 40-160-GHz range for use in ultrahigh-speed all-optical signal processing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2573–2589 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Hamie, A. Sharaiha, M. Guegan, and B. Pucel, “All-optical logic NOR gate using two-cascaded semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1439–1441(2002).
[Crossref]

J.H. Kim, Y.M. Jhon, Y.T. Byun, S. Lee, D.H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438(2002).
[Crossref]

Agarwal, G. P.

G. P. Agarwal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, USA, 1997).

Byun, Y.T.

S.H. Kim, J.H. Kim, B.G. Yu, Y.T. Byun, Y.M. Jeon, S. Lee, D.H. Woo, and S.H. Kim, “All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electronics Letters 41, 1027–1028(2005).
[Crossref]

J.H. Kim, Y.M. Jhon, Y.T. Byun, S. Lee, D.H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438(2002).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 703–710(2004).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z.

H. Sun, Q. Wang, H. Dong, Z. Chen, H.K. Dutta, J. Jaques, and A.B. Piccirilli, “All-optical logic xor gate at 80 Gb/s using SOA-MZI-DI,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 747–751(2006).
[Crossref]

Dong, H.

H. Sun, Q. Wang, H. Dong, Z. Chen, H.K. Dutta, J. Jaques, and A.B. Piccirilli, “All-optical logic xor gate at 80 Gb/s using SOA-MZI-DI,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 747–751(2006).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, H. Dong, G. Zhu, H. Sun, J. Jaques, A.B. Piccirilli, and H.K. Dutta, “All-optical logic OR gate using SOA and delayed interferometer,” Optics Communications 260, 81–86(2006).
[Crossref]

Dutta, H.K.

Q. Wang, H. Dong, G. Zhu, H. Sun, J. Jaques, A.B. Piccirilli, and H.K. Dutta, “All-optical logic OR gate using SOA and delayed interferometer,” Optics Communications 260, 81–86(2006).
[Crossref]

H. Sun, Q. Wang, H. Dong, Z. Chen, H.K. Dutta, J. Jaques, and A.B. Piccirilli, “All-optical logic xor gate at 80 Gb/s using SOA-MZI-DI,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 747–751(2006).
[Crossref]

Dutta, N. K.

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 703–710(2004).
[Crossref]

Giller, R.

R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, and R. Giller, “All-optical 40 Gb/s logic XOR gate with dual ultrafast nonlinear interferometers,“ Electron. Lett. 41, 49–50(2005).
[Crossref]

Guegan, M.

A. Hamie, A. Sharaiha, M. Guegan, and B. Pucel, “All-optical logic NOR gate using two-cascaded semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1439–1441(2002).
[Crossref]

Hamie, A.

A. Hamie, A. Sharaiha, M. Guegan, and B. Pucel, “All-optical logic NOR gate using two-cascaded semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1439–1441(2002).
[Crossref]

Huang, D.

C. Zhao, X. Zhang, H. Liu, D. Liu, and D. Huang, “Tunable all-optical NOR gate at 10 Gb/s based on SOA fiber ring laser,“ Opt. Express 13, 2793–2798 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Jiang, X. Zhang, D. Liu, and D. Huang, “Theoretical and experimental investigation on carrier recovery time in semiconductor optical amplifier”, in Semiconductor and Organic Optoelectronic Materials and Devices, Chung-En Zah, Yi Luo, and Shinji Tsuji, eds., Proc. SPIE 5624, 563–574(2004).

X. Zhang, Y. Wang, J. Sun, D. Liu, and D. Huang, “All-optical AND gate at 10 Gbit/s based on cascaded single-port-couple SOAs,” Opt. Express 12, 361–366 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jaques, J.

H. Sun, Q. Wang, H. Dong, Z. Chen, H.K. Dutta, J. Jaques, and A.B. Piccirilli, “All-optical logic xor gate at 80 Gb/s using SOA-MZI-DI,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 747–751(2006).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, H. Dong, G. Zhu, H. Sun, J. Jaques, A.B. Piccirilli, and H.K. Dutta, “All-optical logic OR gate using SOA and delayed interferometer,” Optics Communications 260, 81–86(2006).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 703–710(2004).
[Crossref]

Jeon, Y.M.

S.H. Kim, J.H. Kim, B.G. Yu, Y.T. Byun, Y.M. Jeon, S. Lee, D.H. Woo, and S.H. Kim, “All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electronics Letters 41, 1027–1028(2005).
[Crossref]

Jhon, Y.M.

J.H. Kim, Y.M. Jhon, Y.T. Byun, S. Lee, D.H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438(2002).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Z.

Z. Jiang, X. Zhang, D. Liu, and D. Huang, “Theoretical and experimental investigation on carrier recovery time in semiconductor optical amplifier”, in Semiconductor and Organic Optoelectronic Materials and Devices, Chung-En Zah, Yi Luo, and Shinji Tsuji, eds., Proc. SPIE 5624, 563–574(2004).

Kim, J.H.

S.H. Kim, J.H. Kim, B.G. Yu, Y.T. Byun, Y.M. Jeon, S. Lee, D.H. Woo, and S.H. Kim, “All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electronics Letters 41, 1027–1028(2005).
[Crossref]

J.H. Kim, Y.M. Jhon, Y.T. Byun, S. Lee, D.H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438(2002).
[Crossref]

Kim, S. H.

J.H. Kim, Y.M. Jhon, Y.T. Byun, S. Lee, D.H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438(2002).
[Crossref]

Kim, S.H.

S.H. Kim, J.H. Kim, B.G. Yu, Y.T. Byun, Y.M. Jeon, S. Lee, D.H. Woo, and S.H. Kim, “All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electronics Letters 41, 1027–1028(2005).
[Crossref]

S.H. Kim, J.H. Kim, B.G. Yu, Y.T. Byun, Y.M. Jeon, S. Lee, D.H. Woo, and S.H. Kim, “All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electronics Letters 41, 1027–1028(2005).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

S.H. Kim, J.H. Kim, B.G. Yu, Y.T. Byun, Y.M. Jeon, S. Lee, D.H. Woo, and S.H. Kim, “All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electronics Letters 41, 1027–1028(2005).
[Crossref]

J.H. Kim, Y.M. Jhon, Y.T. Byun, S. Lee, D.H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438(2002).
[Crossref]

Leuthold, J.

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 703–710(2004).
[Crossref]

Liu, D.

C. Zhao, X. Zhang, H. Liu, D. Liu, and D. Huang, “Tunable all-optical NOR gate at 10 Gb/s based on SOA fiber ring laser,“ Opt. Express 13, 2793–2798 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, Y. Wang, J. Sun, D. Liu, and D. Huang, “All-optical AND gate at 10 Gbit/s based on cascaded single-port-couple SOAs,” Opt. Express 12, 361–366 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Jiang, X. Zhang, D. Liu, and D. Huang, “Theoretical and experimental investigation on carrier recovery time in semiconductor optical amplifier”, in Semiconductor and Organic Optoelectronic Materials and Devices, Chung-En Zah, Yi Luo, and Shinji Tsuji, eds., Proc. SPIE 5624, 563–574(2004).

Liu, H.

Manning, R. J.

R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, and R. Giller, “All-optical 40 Gb/s logic XOR gate with dual ultrafast nonlinear interferometers,“ Electron. Lett. 41, 49–50(2005).
[Crossref]

R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, G. D. Maxwell, and A. J. Poustie, “40 Gbit/s all-optical XOR gate based on hybrid-integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 39, 79–81(2003).
[Crossref]

Maxwell, G. D.

R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, G. D. Maxwell, and A. J. Poustie, “40 Gbit/s all-optical XOR gate based on hybrid-integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 39, 79–81(2003).
[Crossref]

Mørk, J.

Nakamura, S.

Nielsen, M.

Nielsen, M. L

Piccirilli, A. B.

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 703–710(2004).
[Crossref]

Piccirilli, A.B.

H. Sun, Q. Wang, H. Dong, Z. Chen, H.K. Dutta, J. Jaques, and A.B. Piccirilli, “All-optical logic xor gate at 80 Gb/s using SOA-MZI-DI,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 747–751(2006).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, H. Dong, G. Zhu, H. Sun, J. Jaques, A.B. Piccirilli, and H.K. Dutta, “All-optical logic OR gate using SOA and delayed interferometer,” Optics Communications 260, 81–86(2006).
[Crossref]

Poustie, A. J.

R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, G. D. Maxwell, and A. J. Poustie, “40 Gbit/s all-optical XOR gate based on hybrid-integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 39, 79–81(2003).
[Crossref]

Pucel, B.

A. Hamie, A. Sharaiha, M. Guegan, and B. Pucel, “All-optical logic NOR gate using two-cascaded semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1439–1441(2002).
[Crossref]

Sharaiha, A.

A. Hamie, A. Sharaiha, M. Guegan, and B. Pucel, “All-optical logic NOR gate using two-cascaded semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1439–1441(2002).
[Crossref]

Sun, H.

H. Sun, Q. Wang, H. Dong, Z. Chen, H.K. Dutta, J. Jaques, and A.B. Piccirilli, “All-optical logic xor gate at 80 Gb/s using SOA-MZI-DI,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 747–751(2006).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, H. Dong, G. Zhu, H. Sun, J. Jaques, A.B. Piccirilli, and H.K. Dutta, “All-optical logic OR gate using SOA and delayed interferometer,” Optics Communications 260, 81–86(2006).
[Crossref]

Sun, J.

Tajima, K.

Ueno, Y.

Wang, Q.

H. Sun, Q. Wang, H. Dong, Z. Chen, H.K. Dutta, J. Jaques, and A.B. Piccirilli, “All-optical logic xor gate at 80 Gb/s using SOA-MZI-DI,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 747–751(2006).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, H. Dong, G. Zhu, H. Sun, J. Jaques, A.B. Piccirilli, and H.K. Dutta, “All-optical logic OR gate using SOA and delayed interferometer,” Optics Communications 260, 81–86(2006).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 703–710(2004).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Webb, R. P.

R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, and R. Giller, “All-optical 40 Gb/s logic XOR gate with dual ultrafast nonlinear interferometers,“ Electron. Lett. 41, 49–50(2005).
[Crossref]

R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, G. D. Maxwell, and A. J. Poustie, “40 Gbit/s all-optical XOR gate based on hybrid-integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 39, 79–81(2003).
[Crossref]

Woo, D.H.

S.H. Kim, J.H. Kim, B.G. Yu, Y.T. Byun, Y.M. Jeon, S. Lee, D.H. Woo, and S.H. Kim, “All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electronics Letters 41, 1027–1028(2005).
[Crossref]

J.H. Kim, Y.M. Jhon, Y.T. Byun, S. Lee, D.H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438(2002).
[Crossref]

Yu, B.G.

S.H. Kim, J.H. Kim, B.G. Yu, Y.T. Byun, Y.M. Jeon, S. Lee, D.H. Woo, and S.H. Kim, “All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electronics Letters 41, 1027–1028(2005).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

C. Zhao, X. Zhang, H. Liu, D. Liu, and D. Huang, “Tunable all-optical NOR gate at 10 Gb/s based on SOA fiber ring laser,“ Opt. Express 13, 2793–2798 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, Y. Wang, J. Sun, D. Liu, and D. Huang, “All-optical AND gate at 10 Gbit/s based on cascaded single-port-couple SOAs,” Opt. Express 12, 361–366 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Jiang, X. Zhang, D. Liu, and D. Huang, “Theoretical and experimental investigation on carrier recovery time in semiconductor optical amplifier”, in Semiconductor and Organic Optoelectronic Materials and Devices, Chung-En Zah, Yi Luo, and Shinji Tsuji, eds., Proc. SPIE 5624, 563–574(2004).

Zhao, C.

Zhu, G.

Q. Wang, H. Dong, G. Zhu, H. Sun, J. Jaques, A.B. Piccirilli, and H.K. Dutta, “All-optical logic OR gate using SOA and delayed interferometer,” Optics Communications 260, 81–86(2006).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 703–710(2004).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (2)

R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, G. D. Maxwell, and A. J. Poustie, “40 Gbit/s all-optical XOR gate based on hybrid-integrated Mach-Zehnder interferometer,” Electron. Lett. 39, 79–81(2003).
[Crossref]

R. P. Webb, R. J. Manning, and R. Giller, “All-optical 40 Gb/s logic XOR gate with dual ultrafast nonlinear interferometers,“ Electron. Lett. 41, 49–50(2005).
[Crossref]

Electronics Letters (1)

S.H. Kim, J.H. Kim, B.G. Yu, Y.T. Byun, Y.M. Jeon, S. Lee, D.H. Woo, and S.H. Kim, “All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electronics Letters 41, 1027–1028(2005).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

Q. Wang, G. Zhu, H. Chen, J. Jaques, J. Leuthold, A. B. Piccirilli, and N. K. Dutta, “Study of all-optical XOR using Mach-Zehnder interferometer and differential scheme,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 703–710(2004).
[Crossref]

H. Sun, Q. Wang, H. Dong, Z. Chen, H.K. Dutta, J. Jaques, and A.B. Piccirilli, “All-optical logic xor gate at 80 Gb/s using SOA-MZI-DI,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 42, 747–751(2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

A. Hamie, A. Sharaiha, M. Guegan, and B. Pucel, “All-optical logic NOR gate using two-cascaded semiconductor optical amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1439–1441(2002).
[Crossref]

J.H. Kim, Y.M. Jhon, Y.T. Byun, S. Lee, D.H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438(2002).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Express (3)

Optics Communications (1)

Q. Wang, H. Dong, G. Zhu, H. Sun, J. Jaques, A.B. Piccirilli, and H.K. Dutta, “All-optical logic OR gate using SOA and delayed interferometer,” Optics Communications 260, 81–86(2006).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

Z. Jiang, X. Zhang, D. Liu, and D. Huang, “Theoretical and experimental investigation on carrier recovery time in semiconductor optical amplifier”, in Semiconductor and Organic Optoelectronic Materials and Devices, Chung-En Zah, Yi Luo, and Shinji Tsuji, eds., Proc. SPIE 5624, 563–574(2004).

Other (1)

G. P. Agarwal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems (Wiley, USA, 1997).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Operation principle of the ultrafast all-optical NOR gate. (a) Basic configuration; (b) NOR truth table; (c) The phase variation (upper curve) modulated by the combined data stream (lower curve) in SOA; (d) Phase variations in the two arms of FDI (upper curves) and NRZ switching windows which satisfy Boolean NOR operation (lower curve).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental Setup of the NOR gate

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

40Gb/s experimental and simulated results. (a)Experimental results with fixed data pattern. Traces from the top to bottom are: data stream “00010011”; coupled two data streams of “00010011” and “00100110”; the output NOR signal in NRZ format. (c)Experimental eye diagram for 27-1 PRBS input data steams. (b)(d)Corresponding simulated results.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Q factor vs. 90%~10% recovery time when the NOR gate is operating at 40Gb/s (circle) and 80Gb/s (triangle). The insets: simulated eye diagrams corresponding to different operation conditions (pointed by arrows).

Tables (1)

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Table 1. The operation conditions of SOA in simulations

Equations (4)

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Φ 2 ( t ) = Φ 1 ( t τ ) + Φ 0
Φ 2 ( t ) = Φ 1 ( t T ) + δ Φ + ( 2 m + 1 ) π , m = 0 , ± 1 , ± 2 ,
τ = T , Φ 0 = δ Φ + ( 2 m + 1 ) π , m = 0 , ± 1 , ± 2 ,
Q = P 1 P 0 σ 1 + σ 0

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