Abstract

By using the gain nonlinearity characteristics of semiconductor optical amplifier, an all-optical binary half adder at 10 Gbps is demonstrated. The half adder operates in a single mechanism, which is cross gain modulation. The half adder utilizes two logic functions of SUM and CARRY, which can be demonstrated by using XOR and AND gates, respectively. The extinction ratios of both XOR and AND gates are about 6.1 dB. By achieving this experiment, we also explored the possibilities for the enhanced complex logic operation and higher chances for multiple logic integration.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. H. Kim, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical half adder using Semiconductor Optical Amplifier based devices,” Opt. Commun. 218, 345–349 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, A. E. Kelly, and R. J. Manning, “All-optical binary half-adder,” Opt. Commun. 156, 22–26 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, K. Vyrsokinos, T. Houbavlis, L. Stampoulidis, G. T. Kanellos, N. Pleros, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, “10-Gb/s all-optical half-adder with interferometric SOA gates”, ” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 284–286 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, “A Terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer (TOAD),” IEEE Phot. Technol. Lett. 5, 787–790 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, A. E. Kelly, and R. J. Manning, “All-optical parity checker with bit-differential delay,” Opt. Commun. 162, 37–43 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, W. Peiper, H. J. Ehrke, D. Franke, W. Furst, and C. M. Weinert, “Monolithically integrated nonlinear Sagnac interferometer and its application as a 20 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer,” IEE Electron. Lett. 32, 782–784 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, A. E. Kelly, and R. J. Manning, “All-optical full adder with bit-differential delay,” Opt. Commun. 168, 89–93 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Poustie, R. Manning, A. Kelly, and K. Blow, “All-optical binary counter,” Opt. Express 6, 69–74 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. B. K. Kang, J. H. Kim, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, Y. M. Jhon, D. H. Woo, J. S. Yang, S. H. Kim, Y. H. Park, and B. G. Yu, “All-optical AND gate using probe and pump signals as the multiple binary points in cross phase modulation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 568–570 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Lee, J. Park, K. Lee, D. Eom, S. Lee, and J. H. Kim, “All-optical exclusive NOR logic gate using Mach-Zender Interferometer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1155–1157 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Lee, H. Yoon, Y. Kim, and J. Jeong, “Theoretical study of frequency chirping and extinction ratio of wavelength-converted optical signals by XGM and XPM using SOA’s,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1213–1219 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, “All-Optical Wavelength Conversion by Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942–954 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. E. Stubkjaer, “Semiconductor Optical Amplifier-Based All-Optical Gates for High-Speed Optical Processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 6, 1428–1435 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  14. X. Jin, T. Keating, and S. L. Chuang, “Theory and Experiment of High-Speed Cross-Gain Modulation in Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1485–1493 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. X. Zhang, Y. Wang, J. Sun, D. Liu, and D. Huang, “All-optical AND gate at 10 Gbit/s based on cascaded single-port-couple SOAs,” Opt. Express 12, 361–366 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. H. Kim, B. C. Kim, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical AND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 608–610 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  18. S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, J. W. Choi, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical NAND Gate using cross gain modulation in Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, 1027–1028 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. D. Ellies, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, D. Pitcher, D. G. Moodle, and R. Kashyap, “Error free 100Gbit/s wavelength conversion using grating assisted cross-gain modulation in 2mm long semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEE Electron. Lett. 34, 1958–1959 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  20. T. Akiyama, N. Hatori, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, and M. Sugawara, “Pattern-effect-free semiconductor optical amplifier achieved using quantum dots,” IEE Electron. Lett. 38, 1139–1140(2004).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, J. W. Choi, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical NAND Gate using cross gain modulation in Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, 1027–1028 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, K. Vyrsokinos, T. Houbavlis, L. Stampoulidis, G. T. Kanellos, N. Pleros, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, “10-Gb/s all-optical half-adder with interferometric SOA gates”, ” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 284–286 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Akiyama, N. Hatori, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, and M. Sugawara, “Pattern-effect-free semiconductor optical amplifier achieved using quantum dots,” IEE Electron. Lett. 38, 1139–1140(2004).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim, B. C. Kim, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical AND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 608–610 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhang, Y. Wang, J. Sun, D. Liu, and D. Huang, “All-optical AND gate at 10 Gbit/s based on cascaded single-port-couple SOAs,” Opt. Express 12, 361–366 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

J. H. Kim, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical half adder using Semiconductor Optical Amplifier based devices,” Opt. Commun. 218, 345–349 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

B. K. Kang, J. H. Kim, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, Y. M. Jhon, D. H. Woo, J. S. Yang, S. H. Kim, Y. H. Park, and B. G. Yu, “All-optical AND gate using probe and pump signals as the multiple binary points in cross phase modulation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 568–570 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Lee, J. Park, K. Lee, D. Eom, S. Lee, and J. H. Kim, “All-optical exclusive NOR logic gate using Mach-Zender Interferometer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1155–1157 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

K. E. Stubkjaer, “Semiconductor Optical Amplifier-Based All-Optical Gates for High-Speed Optical Processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 6, 1428–1435 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. Jin, T. Keating, and S. L. Chuang, “Theory and Experiment of High-Speed Cross-Gain Modulation in Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1485–1493 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Poustie, R. Manning, A. Kelly, and K. Blow, “All-optical binary counter,” Opt. Express 6, 69–74 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (3)

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, A. E. Kelly, and R. J. Manning, “All-optical parity checker with bit-differential delay,” Opt. Commun. 162, 37–43 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, A. E. Kelly, and R. J. Manning, “All-optical full adder with bit-differential delay,” Opt. Commun. 168, 89–93 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Lee, H. Yoon, Y. Kim, and J. Jeong, “Theoretical study of frequency chirping and extinction ratio of wavelength-converted optical signals by XGM and XPM using SOA’s,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1213–1219 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, A. E. Kelly, and R. J. Manning, “All-optical binary half-adder,” Opt. Commun. 156, 22–26 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Ellies, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, D. Pitcher, D. G. Moodle, and R. Kashyap, “Error free 100Gbit/s wavelength conversion using grating assisted cross-gain modulation in 2mm long semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEE Electron. Lett. 34, 1958–1959 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, W. Peiper, H. J. Ehrke, D. Franke, W. Furst, and C. M. Weinert, “Monolithically integrated nonlinear Sagnac interferometer and its application as a 20 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer,” IEE Electron. Lett. 32, 782–784 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, “All-Optical Wavelength Conversion by Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942–954 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, “A Terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer (TOAD),” IEEE Phot. Technol. Lett. 5, 787–790 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, N.

E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, W. Peiper, H. J. Ehrke, D. Franke, W. Furst, and C. M. Weinert, “Monolithically integrated nonlinear Sagnac interferometer and its application as a 20 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer,” IEE Electron. Lett. 32, 782–784 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Akiyama, T.

T. Akiyama, N. Hatori, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, and M. Sugawara, “Pattern-effect-free semiconductor optical amplifier achieved using quantum dots,” IEE Electron. Lett. 38, 1139–1140(2004).
[CrossRef]

Avramopoulos, H.

D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, K. Vyrsokinos, T. Houbavlis, L. Stampoulidis, G. T. Kanellos, N. Pleros, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, “10-Gb/s all-optical half-adder with interferometric SOA gates”, ” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 284–286 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Blow, K.

Blow, K. J.

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, A. E. Kelly, and R. J. Manning, “All-optical parity checker with bit-differential delay,” Opt. Commun. 162, 37–43 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, A. E. Kelly, and R. J. Manning, “All-optical full adder with bit-differential delay,” Opt. Commun. 168, 89–93 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, A. E. Kelly, and R. J. Manning, “All-optical binary half-adder,” Opt. Commun. 156, 22–26 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Byun, Y. T.

S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, J. W. Choi, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical NAND Gate using cross gain modulation in Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, 1027–1028 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim, B. C. Kim, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical AND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 608–610 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical half adder using Semiconductor Optical Amplifier based devices,” Opt. Commun. 218, 345–349 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. K. Kang, J. H. Kim, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, Y. M. Jhon, D. H. Woo, J. S. Yang, S. H. Kim, Y. H. Park, and B. G. Yu, “All-optical AND gate using probe and pump signals as the multiple binary points in cross phase modulation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 568–570 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Choi, J. W.

S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, J. W. Choi, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical NAND Gate using cross gain modulation in Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, 1027–1028 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chuang, S. L.

X. Jin, T. Keating, and S. L. Chuang, “Theory and Experiment of High-Speed Cross-Gain Modulation in Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1485–1493 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Danielsen, S. L.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, “All-Optical Wavelength Conversion by Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942–954 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Durhuus, T.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, “All-Optical Wavelength Conversion by Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942–954 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ebe, H.

T. Akiyama, N. Hatori, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, and M. Sugawara, “Pattern-effect-free semiconductor optical amplifier achieved using quantum dots,” IEE Electron. Lett. 38, 1139–1140(2004).
[CrossRef]

Ehrke, H. J.

E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, W. Peiper, H. J. Ehrke, D. Franke, W. Furst, and C. M. Weinert, “Monolithically integrated nonlinear Sagnac interferometer and its application as a 20 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer,” IEE Electron. Lett. 32, 782–784 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ellies, A. D.

A. D. Ellies, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, D. Pitcher, D. G. Moodle, and R. Kashyap, “Error free 100Gbit/s wavelength conversion using grating assisted cross-gain modulation in 2mm long semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEE Electron. Lett. 34, 1958–1959 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eom, D.

S. Lee, J. Park, K. Lee, D. Eom, S. Lee, and J. H. Kim, “All-optical exclusive NOR logic gate using Mach-Zender Interferometer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1155–1157 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Franke, D.

E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, W. Peiper, H. J. Ehrke, D. Franke, W. Furst, and C. M. Weinert, “Monolithically integrated nonlinear Sagnac interferometer and its application as a 20 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer,” IEE Electron. Lett. 32, 782–784 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Furst, W.

E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, W. Peiper, H. J. Ehrke, D. Franke, W. Furst, and C. M. Weinert, “Monolithically integrated nonlinear Sagnac interferometer and its application as a 20 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer,” IEE Electron. Lett. 32, 782–784 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Glesk, I.

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, “A Terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer (TOAD),” IEEE Phot. Technol. Lett. 5, 787–790 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Guekos, G.

D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, K. Vyrsokinos, T. Houbavlis, L. Stampoulidis, G. T. Kanellos, N. Pleros, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, “10-Gb/s all-optical half-adder with interferometric SOA gates”, ” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 284–286 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hatori, N.

T. Akiyama, N. Hatori, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, and M. Sugawara, “Pattern-effect-free semiconductor optical amplifier achieved using quantum dots,” IEE Electron. Lett. 38, 1139–1140(2004).
[CrossRef]

Houbavlis, T.

D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, K. Vyrsokinos, T. Houbavlis, L. Stampoulidis, G. T. Kanellos, N. Pleros, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, “10-Gb/s all-optical half-adder with interferometric SOA gates”, ” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 284–286 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huang, D.

Jahn, E.

E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, W. Peiper, H. J. Ehrke, D. Franke, W. Furst, and C. M. Weinert, “Monolithically integrated nonlinear Sagnac interferometer and its application as a 20 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer,” IEE Electron. Lett. 32, 782–784 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, J.

H. Lee, H. Yoon, Y. Kim, and J. Jeong, “Theoretical study of frequency chirping and extinction ratio of wavelength-converted optical signals by XGM and XPM using SOA’s,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1213–1219 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jhon, Y. M.

S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, J. W. Choi, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical NAND Gate using cross gain modulation in Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, 1027–1028 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim, B. C. Kim, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical AND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 608–610 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical half adder using Semiconductor Optical Amplifier based devices,” Opt. Commun. 218, 345–349 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. K. Kang, J. H. Kim, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, Y. M. Jhon, D. H. Woo, J. S. Yang, S. H. Kim, Y. H. Park, and B. G. Yu, “All-optical AND gate using probe and pump signals as the multiple binary points in cross phase modulation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 568–570 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jin, X.

X. Jin, T. Keating, and S. L. Chuang, “Theory and Experiment of High-Speed Cross-Gain Modulation in Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1485–1493 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Joergensen, C.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, “All-Optical Wavelength Conversion by Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942–954 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kane, M.

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, “A Terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer (TOAD),” IEEE Phot. Technol. Lett. 5, 787–790 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kanellos, G. T.

D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, K. Vyrsokinos, T. Houbavlis, L. Stampoulidis, G. T. Kanellos, N. Pleros, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, “10-Gb/s all-optical half-adder with interferometric SOA gates”, ” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 284–286 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kang, B. K.

B. K. Kang, J. H. Kim, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, Y. M. Jhon, D. H. Woo, J. S. Yang, S. H. Kim, Y. H. Park, and B. G. Yu, “All-optical AND gate using probe and pump signals as the multiple binary points in cross phase modulation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 568–570 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kashyap, R.

A. D. Ellies, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, D. Pitcher, D. G. Moodle, and R. Kashyap, “Error free 100Gbit/s wavelength conversion using grating assisted cross-gain modulation in 2mm long semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEE Electron. Lett. 34, 1958–1959 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Keating, T.

X. Jin, T. Keating, and S. L. Chuang, “Theory and Experiment of High-Speed Cross-Gain Modulation in Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1485–1493 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kehayas, E.

D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, K. Vyrsokinos, T. Houbavlis, L. Stampoulidis, G. T. Kanellos, N. Pleros, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, “10-Gb/s all-optical half-adder with interferometric SOA gates”, ” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 284–286 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, A.

Kelly, A. E.

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, A. E. Kelly, and R. J. Manning, “All-optical parity checker with bit-differential delay,” Opt. Commun. 162, 37–43 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, A. E. Kelly, and R. J. Manning, “All-optical full adder with bit-differential delay,” Opt. Commun. 168, 89–93 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Ellies, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, D. Pitcher, D. G. Moodle, and R. Kashyap, “Error free 100Gbit/s wavelength conversion using grating assisted cross-gain modulation in 2mm long semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEE Electron. Lett. 34, 1958–1959 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, A. E. Kelly, and R. J. Manning, “All-optical binary half-adder,” Opt. Commun. 156, 22–26 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. C.

J. H. Kim, B. C. Kim, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical AND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 608–610 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. H.

S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, J. W. Choi, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical NAND Gate using cross gain modulation in Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, 1027–1028 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim, B. C. Kim, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical AND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 608–610 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical half adder using Semiconductor Optical Amplifier based devices,” Opt. Commun. 218, 345–349 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Lee, J. Park, K. Lee, D. Eom, S. Lee, and J. H. Kim, “All-optical exclusive NOR logic gate using Mach-Zender Interferometer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1155–1157 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. K. Kang, J. H. Kim, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, Y. M. Jhon, D. H. Woo, J. S. Yang, S. H. Kim, Y. H. Park, and B. G. Yu, “All-optical AND gate using probe and pump signals as the multiple binary points in cross phase modulation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 568–570 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. H.

S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, J. W. Choi, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical NAND Gate using cross gain modulation in Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, 1027–1028 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, J. W. Choi, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical NAND Gate using cross gain modulation in Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, 1027–1028 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim, B. C. Kim, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical AND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 608–610 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical half adder using Semiconductor Optical Amplifier based devices,” Opt. Commun. 218, 345–349 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. K. Kang, J. H. Kim, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, Y. M. Jhon, D. H. Woo, J. S. Yang, S. H. Kim, Y. H. Park, and B. G. Yu, “All-optical AND gate using probe and pump signals as the multiple binary points in cross phase modulation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 568–570 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.

H. Lee, H. Yoon, Y. Kim, and J. Jeong, “Theoretical study of frequency chirping and extinction ratio of wavelength-converted optical signals by XGM and XPM using SOA’s,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1213–1219 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.

H. Lee, H. Yoon, Y. Kim, and J. Jeong, “Theoretical study of frequency chirping and extinction ratio of wavelength-converted optical signals by XGM and XPM using SOA’s,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1213–1219 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.

S. Lee, J. Park, K. Lee, D. Eom, S. Lee, and J. H. Kim, “All-optical exclusive NOR logic gate using Mach-Zender Interferometer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1155–1157 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, J. W. Choi, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical NAND Gate using cross gain modulation in Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, 1027–1028 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim, B. C. Kim, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical AND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 608–610 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical half adder using Semiconductor Optical Amplifier based devices,” Opt. Commun. 218, 345–349 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Lee, J. Park, K. Lee, D. Eom, S. Lee, and J. H. Kim, “All-optical exclusive NOR logic gate using Mach-Zender Interferometer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1155–1157 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Lee, J. Park, K. Lee, D. Eom, S. Lee, and J. H. Kim, “All-optical exclusive NOR logic gate using Mach-Zender Interferometer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1155–1157 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. K. Kang, J. H. Kim, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, Y. M. Jhon, D. H. Woo, J. S. Yang, S. H. Kim, Y. H. Park, and B. G. Yu, “All-optical AND gate using probe and pump signals as the multiple binary points in cross phase modulation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 568–570 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liu, D.

Manning, R.

Manning, R. J.

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, A. E. Kelly, and R. J. Manning, “All-optical parity checker with bit-differential delay,” Opt. Commun. 162, 37–43 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, A. E. Kelly, and R. J. Manning, “All-optical full adder with bit-differential delay,” Opt. Commun. 168, 89–93 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, A. E. Kelly, and R. J. Manning, “All-optical binary half-adder,” Opt. Commun. 156, 22–26 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mikkelsen, B.

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, “All-Optical Wavelength Conversion by Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942–954 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Moodle, D. G.

A. D. Ellies, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, D. Pitcher, D. G. Moodle, and R. Kashyap, “Error free 100Gbit/s wavelength conversion using grating assisted cross-gain modulation in 2mm long semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEE Electron. Lett. 34, 1958–1959 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nakata, Y.

T. Akiyama, N. Hatori, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, and M. Sugawara, “Pattern-effect-free semiconductor optical amplifier achieved using quantum dots,” IEE Electron. Lett. 38, 1139–1140(2004).
[CrossRef]

Nesset, D.

A. D. Ellies, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, D. Pitcher, D. G. Moodle, and R. Kashyap, “Error free 100Gbit/s wavelength conversion using grating assisted cross-gain modulation in 2mm long semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEE Electron. Lett. 34, 1958–1959 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Park, J.

S. Lee, J. Park, K. Lee, D. Eom, S. Lee, and J. H. Kim, “All-optical exclusive NOR logic gate using Mach-Zender Interferometer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1155–1157 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y. H.

B. K. Kang, J. H. Kim, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, Y. M. Jhon, D. H. Woo, J. S. Yang, S. H. Kim, Y. H. Park, and B. G. Yu, “All-optical AND gate using probe and pump signals as the multiple binary points in cross phase modulation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 568–570 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Peiper, W.

E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, W. Peiper, H. J. Ehrke, D. Franke, W. Furst, and C. M. Weinert, “Monolithically integrated nonlinear Sagnac interferometer and its application as a 20 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer,” IEE Electron. Lett. 32, 782–784 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pitcher, D.

A. D. Ellies, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, D. Pitcher, D. G. Moodle, and R. Kashyap, “Error free 100Gbit/s wavelength conversion using grating assisted cross-gain modulation in 2mm long semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEE Electron. Lett. 34, 1958–1959 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pleros, N.

D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, K. Vyrsokinos, T. Houbavlis, L. Stampoulidis, G. T. Kanellos, N. Pleros, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, “10-Gb/s all-optical half-adder with interferometric SOA gates”, ” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 284–286 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Poustie, A.

Poustie, A. J.

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, A. E. Kelly, and R. J. Manning, “All-optical parity checker with bit-differential delay,” Opt. Commun. 162, 37–43 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, A. E. Kelly, and R. J. Manning, “All-optical full adder with bit-differential delay,” Opt. Commun. 168, 89–93 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, A. E. Kelly, and R. J. Manning, “All-optical binary half-adder,” Opt. Commun. 156, 22–26 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Prucnal, P. R.

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, “A Terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer (TOAD),” IEEE Phot. Technol. Lett. 5, 787–790 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sokoloff, J. P.

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, “A Terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer (TOAD),” IEEE Phot. Technol. Lett. 5, 787–790 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Stampoulidis, L.

D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, K. Vyrsokinos, T. Houbavlis, L. Stampoulidis, G. T. Kanellos, N. Pleros, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, “10-Gb/s all-optical half-adder with interferometric SOA gates”, ” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 284–286 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stubkjaer, K. E.

K. E. Stubkjaer, “Semiconductor Optical Amplifier-Based All-Optical Gates for High-Speed Optical Processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 6, 1428–1435 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, “All-Optical Wavelength Conversion by Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942–954 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sugawara, M.

T. Akiyama, N. Hatori, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, and M. Sugawara, “Pattern-effect-free semiconductor optical amplifier achieved using quantum dots,” IEE Electron. Lett. 38, 1139–1140(2004).
[CrossRef]

Sun, J.

Tsiokos, D.

D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, K. Vyrsokinos, T. Houbavlis, L. Stampoulidis, G. T. Kanellos, N. Pleros, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, “10-Gb/s all-optical half-adder with interferometric SOA gates”, ” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 284–286 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vyrsokinos, K.

D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, K. Vyrsokinos, T. Houbavlis, L. Stampoulidis, G. T. Kanellos, N. Pleros, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, “10-Gb/s all-optical half-adder with interferometric SOA gates”, ” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 284–286 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Weinert, C. M.

E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, W. Peiper, H. J. Ehrke, D. Franke, W. Furst, and C. M. Weinert, “Monolithically integrated nonlinear Sagnac interferometer and its application as a 20 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer,” IEE Electron. Lett. 32, 782–784 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Woo, D. H.

S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, J. W. Choi, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical NAND Gate using cross gain modulation in Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, 1027–1028 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim, B. C. Kim, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical AND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 608–610 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical half adder using Semiconductor Optical Amplifier based devices,” Opt. Commun. 218, 345–349 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. K. Kang, J. H. Kim, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, Y. M. Jhon, D. H. Woo, J. S. Yang, S. H. Kim, Y. H. Park, and B. G. Yu, “All-optical AND gate using probe and pump signals as the multiple binary points in cross phase modulation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 568–570 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J. S.

B. K. Kang, J. H. Kim, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, Y. M. Jhon, D. H. Woo, J. S. Yang, S. H. Kim, Y. H. Park, and B. G. Yu, “All-optical AND gate using probe and pump signals as the multiple binary points in cross phase modulation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 568–570 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, H.

H. Lee, H. Yoon, Y. Kim, and J. Jeong, “Theoretical study of frequency chirping and extinction ratio of wavelength-converted optical signals by XGM and XPM using SOA’s,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1213–1219 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yu, B. G.

B. K. Kang, J. H. Kim, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, Y. M. Jhon, D. H. Woo, J. S. Yang, S. H. Kim, Y. H. Park, and B. G. Yu, “All-optical AND gate using probe and pump signals as the multiple binary points in cross phase modulation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 568–570 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

IEE Electron. Lett. (4)

E. Jahn, N. Agrawal, W. Peiper, H. J. Ehrke, D. Franke, W. Furst, and C. M. Weinert, “Monolithically integrated nonlinear Sagnac interferometer and its application as a 20 Gbit/s all-optical demultiplexer,” IEE Electron. Lett. 32, 782–784 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, J. W. Choi, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical NAND Gate using cross gain modulation in Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, 1027–1028 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Ellies, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, D. Pitcher, D. G. Moodle, and R. Kashyap, “Error free 100Gbit/s wavelength conversion using grating assisted cross-gain modulation in 2mm long semiconductor optical amplifier,” IEE Electron. Lett. 34, 1958–1959 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Akiyama, N. Hatori, Y. Nakata, H. Ebe, and M. Sugawara, “Pattern-effect-free semiconductor optical amplifier achieved using quantum dots,” IEE Electron. Lett. 38, 1139–1140(2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

H. Lee, H. Yoon, Y. Kim, and J. Jeong, “Theoretical study of frequency chirping and extinction ratio of wavelength-converted optical signals by XGM and XPM using SOA’s,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1213–1219 (1999).
[CrossRef]

X. Jin, T. Keating, and S. L. Chuang, “Theory and Experiment of High-Speed Cross-Gain Modulation in Semiconductor Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 1485–1493 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron (1)

K. E. Stubkjaer, “Semiconductor Optical Amplifier-Based All-Optical Gates for High-Speed Optical Processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 6, 1428–1435 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Phot. Technol. Lett. (1)

J. P. Sokoloff, P. R. Prucnal, I. Glesk, and M. Kane, “A Terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer (TOAD),” IEEE Phot. Technol. Lett. 5, 787–790 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, K. Vyrsokinos, T. Houbavlis, L. Stampoulidis, G. T. Kanellos, N. Pleros, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, “10-Gb/s all-optical half-adder with interferometric SOA gates”, ” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 284–286 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim, Y. M. Jhon, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical XOR gate using semiconductor optical amplifiers without additional input beam,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1436–1438 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

T. Durhuus, B. Mikkelsen, C. Joergensen, S. L. Danielsen, and K. E. Stubkjaer, “All-Optical Wavelength Conversion by Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 942–954 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (3)

B. K. Kang, J. H. Kim, Y. T. Byun, S. Lee, Y. M. Jhon, D. H. Woo, J. S. Yang, S. H. Kim, Y. H. Park, and B. G. Yu, “All-optical AND gate using probe and pump signals as the multiple binary points in cross phase modulation,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 568–570 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Lee, J. Park, K. Lee, D. Eom, S. Lee, and J. H. Kim, “All-optical exclusive NOR logic gate using Mach-Zender Interferometer,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 1155–1157 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim, B. C. Kim, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical AND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 608–610 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (4)

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, A. E. Kelly, and R. J. Manning, “All-optical full adder with bit-differential delay,” Opt. Commun. 168, 89–93 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, A. E. Kelly, and R. J. Manning, “All-optical parity checker with bit-differential delay,” Opt. Commun. 162, 37–43 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Kim, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jhon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical half adder using Semiconductor Optical Amplifier based devices,” Opt. Commun. 218, 345–349 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Poustie, K. J. Blow, A. E. Kelly, and R. J. Manning, “All-optical binary half-adder,” Opt. Commun. 156, 22–26 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic and principle of operation for wavelength conversion based on XGM in SOA.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Operational principle for all-optical binary half adder. The half adder utilizes two logic functions of (a) SUM and (b) CARRY, which can be demonstrated by using the XOR gate and the AND gate, respectively.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup for all-optical binary half adder. The adjustable bit synchronization between probe and pump signal is controlled by variable optical delayer; FRL: fiber ring laser, PC: polarization controller, Att.: optical attenuator, 1×2:1×2 optical splitter, EDFA: erbium doped fiber amplifier, OC: optical circulator, SOA: semiconductor optical amplifier, SA: signal analyzer

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Inputs and outputs for (a) XOR operation, (b) AND operation and (c) half adder. (200ps/div.)

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