Abstract

We present a pulsed RGB source based on cascaded nonlinear processes that occur inside a single crystal of PPLN with two poling periodicities placed in tandem. The first periodicity produces a ~1.43 μm signal through optical parametric generation and the last section simultaneously produces the second (near - IR) and third harmonic (blue). The green is produced by second harmonic generation of the pump and the red is produced by non-phase-matched sum-frequency generation between the signal and pump beam.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. R. Bosenberg, "Multigrating quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillator in periodically poled LiNbO3," Opt. Lett. 21, 591-593 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. Vaidyanathan, R. Eckardt, V. Dominic, L. Myers, and T. Grayson, "Cascaded Optical Parametric Oscillations," Opt. Express 1, 49-53 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. P. V. Gorelik, F. N. C. Wong, D. Kolker, J. J. Zondy, "Cascaded optical parametric oscillation with a dual-grating periodically poled lithium niobate crystal," Opt. Lett. 31, 2039-2041 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. Lee and P. F. Moulton, "High-efficiency, high-power, OPO-based RGB source," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper CThJ2, p. 42.
  5. F. Brunner, E. Innerhofer, S. V. Marchese, T. Südmeyer, R. Paschotta, T. Usami, H. Ito, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, G. Arisholm, and U. Keller, "Powerful red-green-blue laser source pumped with a mode-locked thin disk laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 1921-1923 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. D. Jaque, D. Campany, J. García Solé, "Red, green and blue laser light from a single Nd:YAI3(BO3)4 crystal based on laser oscillation at 1.3 µm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 325-327 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Capmany, "Simultaneous generation of red, green and blue continuous wave laser radiation in Nd3+-doped aperiodically poled lithium niobate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 144-146 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Z. W. Liu, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, H. Liu, Y. Q. Lu, H. T. Wang, N. B. Ming, X. Y. Liang, Z. Y. Xu, "A scheme to realize three-fundamental-colors laser based on quasi-phase-matching," Solid State. Commun. 119, 363-366 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, N. B. Ming, "Simultaneous generation of red, green and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasiphase-matched interactions from a single aperiodically-poled LiTaO3" Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3159 -3161 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Z.D. Gao, Shih-Yu Tu, S. N.  Zhu and A. H. Kung, "A Monolithic Red-Green-Blue Laser Projection Source based on PPSLT," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, postdeadline paper CPDA3 (2006).
  11. G. Z. Luo, S. N. Zhu, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, H. T. Wang, Z. W. Liu, C. Zhang, N. B. Ming, "Simultaneously efficient blue and red light generations in a periodically poled LiTO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78,3006-3008 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. H. Jundt, "Temperature-dependent Sellmeier equation for the index of refraction, ne, in congruent lithium niobate," Opt. Lett. 22, 1553-1555 (1997)..
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. S. Cudney, L. A. Ríos, M. J. Orozco Arellanes, F. Alonso, and J. Fonseca, "Fabricacion de niobato de litio periodicamente polarizado paraoptica no linea Rev.," Mex.Fís. 48, 548-555 (2002).

2006

2004

2003

J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, N. B. Ming, "Simultaneous generation of red, green and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasiphase-matched interactions from a single aperiodically-poled LiTaO3" Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3159 -3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

R. S. Cudney, L. A. Ríos, M. J. Orozco Arellanes, F. Alonso, and J. Fonseca, "Fabricacion de niobato de litio periodicamente polarizado paraoptica no linea Rev.," Mex.Fís. 48, 548-555 (2002).

2001

G. Z. Luo, S. N. Zhu, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, H. T. Wang, Z. W. Liu, C. Zhang, N. B. Ming, "Simultaneously efficient blue and red light generations in a periodically poled LiTO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78,3006-3008 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Capmany, "Simultaneous generation of red, green and blue continuous wave laser radiation in Nd3+-doped aperiodically poled lithium niobate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 144-146 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Liu, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, H. Liu, Y. Q. Lu, H. T. Wang, N. B. Ming, X. Y. Liang, Z. Y. Xu, "A scheme to realize three-fundamental-colors laser based on quasi-phase-matching," Solid State. Commun. 119, 363-366 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

D. Jaque, D. Campany, J. García Solé, "Red, green and blue laser light from a single Nd:YAI3(BO3)4 crystal based on laser oscillation at 1.3 µm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 325-327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

1996

Alonso, F.

R. S. Cudney, L. A. Ríos, M. J. Orozco Arellanes, F. Alonso, and J. Fonseca, "Fabricacion de niobato de litio periodicamente polarizado paraoptica no linea Rev.," Mex.Fís. 48, 548-555 (2002).

Arisholm, G.

Bosenberg, W. R.

Brunner, F.

Byer, R. L.

Campany, D.

D. Jaque, D. Campany, J. García Solé, "Red, green and blue laser light from a single Nd:YAI3(BO3)4 crystal based on laser oscillation at 1.3 µm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 325-327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Capmany, J.

J. Capmany, "Simultaneous generation of red, green and blue continuous wave laser radiation in Nd3+-doped aperiodically poled lithium niobate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 144-146 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cudney, R. S.

R. S. Cudney, L. A. Ríos, M. J. Orozco Arellanes, F. Alonso, and J. Fonseca, "Fabricacion de niobato de litio periodicamente polarizado paraoptica no linea Rev.," Mex.Fís. 48, 548-555 (2002).

Dominic, V.

Eckardt, R.

Eckardt, R. C.

Fejer, M. M.

Fonseca, J.

R. S. Cudney, L. A. Ríos, M. J. Orozco Arellanes, F. Alonso, and J. Fonseca, "Fabricacion de niobato de litio periodicamente polarizado paraoptica no linea Rev.," Mex.Fís. 48, 548-555 (2002).

Gorelik, P. V.

Grayson, T.

He, J. L.

J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, N. B. Ming, "Simultaneous generation of red, green and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasiphase-matched interactions from a single aperiodically-poled LiTaO3" Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3159 -3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Z. Luo, S. N. Zhu, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, H. T. Wang, Z. W. Liu, C. Zhang, N. B. Ming, "Simultaneously efficient blue and red light generations in a periodically poled LiTO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78,3006-3008 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Innerhofer, E.

Ito, H.

Jaque, D.

D. Jaque, D. Campany, J. García Solé, "Red, green and blue laser light from a single Nd:YAI3(BO3)4 crystal based on laser oscillation at 1.3 µm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 325-327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jundt, D. H.

Keller, U.

Kitamura, K.

Kolker, D.

Kurimura, S.

Liang, X. Y.

Z. W. Liu, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, H. Liu, Y. Q. Lu, H. T. Wang, N. B. Ming, X. Y. Liang, Z. Y. Xu, "A scheme to realize three-fundamental-colors laser based on quasi-phase-matching," Solid State. Commun. 119, 363-366 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liao, J.

J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, N. B. Ming, "Simultaneous generation of red, green and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasiphase-matched interactions from a single aperiodically-poled LiTaO3" Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3159 -3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.

J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, N. B. Ming, "Simultaneous generation of red, green and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasiphase-matched interactions from a single aperiodically-poled LiTaO3" Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3159 -3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Liu, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, H. Liu, Y. Q. Lu, H. T. Wang, N. B. Ming, X. Y. Liang, Z. Y. Xu, "A scheme to realize three-fundamental-colors laser based on quasi-phase-matching," Solid State. Commun. 119, 363-366 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z. W.

Z. W. Liu, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, H. Liu, Y. Q. Lu, H. T. Wang, N. B. Ming, X. Y. Liang, Z. Y. Xu, "A scheme to realize three-fundamental-colors laser based on quasi-phase-matching," Solid State. Commun. 119, 363-366 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Z. Luo, S. N. Zhu, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, H. T. Wang, Z. W. Liu, C. Zhang, N. B. Ming, "Simultaneously efficient blue and red light generations in a periodically poled LiTO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78,3006-3008 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y. Q.

Z. W. Liu, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, H. Liu, Y. Q. Lu, H. T. Wang, N. B. Ming, X. Y. Liang, Z. Y. Xu, "A scheme to realize three-fundamental-colors laser based on quasi-phase-matching," Solid State. Commun. 119, 363-366 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Luo, G. Z.

G. Z. Luo, S. N. Zhu, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, H. T. Wang, Z. W. Liu, C. Zhang, N. B. Ming, "Simultaneously efficient blue and red light generations in a periodically poled LiTO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78,3006-3008 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Marchese, S. V.

Ming, N. B.

J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, N. B. Ming, "Simultaneous generation of red, green and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasiphase-matched interactions from a single aperiodically-poled LiTaO3" Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3159 -3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Liu, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, H. Liu, Y. Q. Lu, H. T. Wang, N. B. Ming, X. Y. Liang, Z. Y. Xu, "A scheme to realize three-fundamental-colors laser based on quasi-phase-matching," Solid State. Commun. 119, 363-366 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. Z. Luo, S. N. Zhu, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, H. T. Wang, Z. W. Liu, C. Zhang, N. B. Ming, "Simultaneously efficient blue and red light generations in a periodically poled LiTO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78,3006-3008 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Myers, L.

Myers, L. E.

Orozco Arellanes, M. J.

R. S. Cudney, L. A. Ríos, M. J. Orozco Arellanes, F. Alonso, and J. Fonseca, "Fabricacion de niobato de litio periodicamente polarizado paraoptica no linea Rev.," Mex.Fís. 48, 548-555 (2002).

Paschotta, R.

Ríos, L. A.

R. S. Cudney, L. A. Ríos, M. J. Orozco Arellanes, F. Alonso, and J. Fonseca, "Fabricacion de niobato de litio periodicamente polarizado paraoptica no linea Rev.," Mex.Fís. 48, 548-555 (2002).

Südmeyer, T.

Usami, T.

Vaidyanathan, M.

Wang, H. T.

J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, N. B. Ming, "Simultaneous generation of red, green and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasiphase-matched interactions from a single aperiodically-poled LiTaO3" Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3159 -3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Z. Luo, S. N. Zhu, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, H. T. Wang, Z. W. Liu, C. Zhang, N. B. Ming, "Simultaneously efficient blue and red light generations in a periodically poled LiTO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78,3006-3008 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Liu, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, H. Liu, Y. Q. Lu, H. T. Wang, N. B. Ming, X. Y. Liang, Z. Y. Xu, "A scheme to realize three-fundamental-colors laser based on quasi-phase-matching," Solid State. Commun. 119, 363-366 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wong, F. N. C.

Xu, Z. Y.

Z. W. Liu, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, H. Liu, Y. Q. Lu, H. T. Wang, N. B. Ming, X. Y. Liang, Z. Y. Xu, "A scheme to realize three-fundamental-colors laser based on quasi-phase-matching," Solid State. Commun. 119, 363-366 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

G. Z. Luo, S. N. Zhu, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, H. T. Wang, Z. W. Liu, C. Zhang, N. B. Ming, "Simultaneously efficient blue and red light generations in a periodically poled LiTO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78,3006-3008 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, S. N.

J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, N. B. Ming, "Simultaneous generation of red, green and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasiphase-matched interactions from a single aperiodically-poled LiTaO3" Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3159 -3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Z. Luo, S. N. Zhu, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, H. T. Wang, Z. W. Liu, C. Zhang, N. B. Ming, "Simultaneously efficient blue and red light generations in a periodically poled LiTO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78,3006-3008 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Liu, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, H. Liu, Y. Q. Lu, H. T. Wang, N. B. Ming, X. Y. Liang, Z. Y. Xu, "A scheme to realize three-fundamental-colors laser based on quasi-phase-matching," Solid State. Commun. 119, 363-366 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y. Y.

J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, N. B. Ming, "Simultaneous generation of red, green and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasiphase-matched interactions from a single aperiodically-poled LiTaO3" Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3159 -3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Z. Luo, S. N. Zhu, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, H. T. Wang, Z. W. Liu, C. Zhang, N. B. Ming, "Simultaneously efficient blue and red light generations in a periodically poled LiTO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78,3006-3008 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Liu, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, H. Liu, Y. Q. Lu, H. T. Wang, N. B. Ming, X. Y. Liang, Z. Y. Xu, "A scheme to realize three-fundamental-colors laser based on quasi-phase-matching," Solid State. Commun. 119, 363-366 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zondy, J. J.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

D. Jaque, D. Campany, J. García Solé, "Red, green and blue laser light from a single Nd:YAI3(BO3)4 crystal based on laser oscillation at 1.3 µm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 325-327 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Capmany, "Simultaneous generation of red, green and blue continuous wave laser radiation in Nd3+-doped aperiodically poled lithium niobate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 144-146 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Liao, J. L. He, H. Liu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, N. B. Ming, "Simultaneous generation of red, green and blue quasi-continuous-wave coherent radiation based on multiple quasiphase-matched interactions from a single aperiodically-poled LiTaO3" Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3159 -3161 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Z. Luo, S. N. Zhu, J. L. He, Y. Y. Zhu, H. T. Wang, Z. W. Liu, C. Zhang, N. B. Ming, "Simultaneously efficient blue and red light generations in a periodically poled LiTO3," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78,3006-3008 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fís.

R. S. Cudney, L. A. Ríos, M. J. Orozco Arellanes, F. Alonso, and J. Fonseca, "Fabricacion de niobato de litio periodicamente polarizado paraoptica no linea Rev.," Mex.Fís. 48, 548-555 (2002).

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Solid State. Commun.

Z. W. Liu, S. N. Zhu, Y. Y. Zhu, H. Liu, Y. Q. Lu, H. T. Wang, N. B. Ming, X. Y. Liang, Z. Y. Xu, "A scheme to realize three-fundamental-colors laser based on quasi-phase-matching," Solid State. Commun. 119, 363-366 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other

Z.D. Gao, Shih-Yu Tu, S. N.  Zhu and A. H. Kung, "A Monolithic Red-Green-Blue Laser Projection Source based on PPSLT," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, postdeadline paper CPDA3 (2006).

D. Lee and P. F. Moulton, "High-efficiency, high-power, OPO-based RGB source," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2001), paper CThJ2, p. 42.

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Figures (6)

Fig 1.
Fig 1.

Temperature dependence of the pairs of Λ and λ at which both second and third harmonic generation occur through quasi-phase-matching.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Third harmonic intensity and power vs. pump intensity and power. L = 1.5 cm; beam radius =100 μm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Theoretical calculation of Φ. (a) Φ vs. Λ at T = 100 °C and λ = 1.4248 μm ; (b) Φ vs. λ at T = 100 °C and Λ = 15.32 μm; (c) Φ vs. T at Λ = 15.32 μm and λ = 1.4248 μm . L = 1.5 cm

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Third harmonic vs. temperature. (a) wavelength vs. temperature; (b) energy vs. temperature

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Nonlinear processes involved in the RGB source.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Output of the RGB source. (a) Infrared, red, green and blue output energy vs. pump energy. Pump wavelength: 1.064 nm; Pump duration (FWHM) ~ 7 ns; pump radius: ~ 120 μm; T =165°C; (b) image of the red, green and blue beams after being separated by a prism.

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

k 2 2 k 1 = ± 2 π Λ shg ,
k 3 k 2 k 1 = ± 2 π Λ thg .
Λ = λ 2 ( n 2 ω n ω ) ,
Λ = 3 λ 3 n 3 ω 2 n 2 ω n ω .
I 3 ω = G I ω 3 L 4 ( d shg qpm d thg qpm ) 2 Φ .
Φ = exp [ i Δ k shg qpm L 2 ] sinc [ ( Δ k shg qpm + Δ k thg qpm ) L 2 ] sinc ( Δ k shg qpm L 2 ) Δ k shg qpm L 2 2 .
I 3 ω = G I ω 3 L 4 ( d shg qpm d thg qpm ) 2 .

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