Abstract

We demonstrate efficient operation of a tunable femtosecond optical parametric amplifier based on BiB3O6 pumped at 800 nm by a 1 kHz Ti:sapphire regenerative amplifier. The idler wavelength coverage extends to beyond 3 μm and the pulse duration at this wavelength is of the order of 110 fs. This new nonlinear borate crystal offers exceptionally high nonlinearity, making it a very promising candidate for power scaling of such frequency converters in the near-IR.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6 (BIBO)," Solid State Commun. 109, 249-251 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Zh. Lin, Zh. Wang, C. Chen, and M.-H. Lee, "Mechanism for linear and nonlinear optical effects in monoclinic bismuth borate (BiB3O6) crystal," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5585-5590 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240-244 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Peltz, J. Bartschke, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, T. Salva, S. Vernay, and D. Rytz, "Low threshold optical parametric oscillation and third harmonic generation in the new nonlinear optical material BiB3O6," Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics CLEO 2002, OSA Technical Digest TOPS Vol. 73, (OSA, Washington, DC 2002), paper CWA27, pp.232-233.
  5. M. Peltz, J. Bartschke, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, S. Vernay, T. Salva, and D. Rytz, "Bismuth triborate (BiB3O6) optical parametric oscillators," Appl. Phys. B 80, 55-60 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Ghotbi, A. Esteban-Martin, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, "Optical parametric generation and amplification in BiB3O6," Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics CLEO 2006, OSA Technical Digest CD-ROM (OSA, Washington, DC 2006), paper JThC64.
  7. M. Ghotbi, A. Esteban-Martin, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, "BiB3O6 femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett.2006 (In Press).
  8. G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, "Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1-18 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. Tzankov and V. Petrov, "Effective second-order nonlinearity in acentric optical crystals with low symmetry," Appl. Opt. 44, 6971-6985 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, G. P. Banfi, P. Di Trapani, and R. Righini, "Traveling-wave parametric generation of widely tunable, highly coherent femtosecond light pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 2222-2232 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, V. Magni, O. Svelto, R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, G. Valiulis, and A. Varanavicius, "Highly efficient parametric conversion of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulses at 1 kHz," Opt. Lett. 19, 1973-1975 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. U. Emmerichs, S. Woutersen, and H. Bakker, "Generation of intense femtosecond optical pulses near 3 µm with a kilohertz repetition rate," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1480-1483 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. Teng, J. Wang, Z. Wang, X. Hu, H. Jiang, H. Liu, X. Cheng, S. Dong, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Crystal growth, thermal and optical performance of BiB3O6," J. Cryst. Growth 233, 282-286 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, "Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate," J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968-1983 (1987).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

M. Ghotbi, A. Esteban-Martin, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, "BiB3O6 femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett.2006 (In Press).

2005 (2)

M. Peltz, J. Bartschke, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, S. Vernay, T. Salva, and D. Rytz, "Bismuth triborate (BiB3O6) optical parametric oscillators," Appl. Phys. B 80, 55-60 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Tzankov and V. Petrov, "Effective second-order nonlinearity in acentric optical crystals with low symmetry," Appl. Opt. 44, 6971-6985 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, "Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1-18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

B. Teng, J. Wang, Z. Wang, X. Hu, H. Jiang, H. Liu, X. Cheng, S. Dong, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Crystal growth, thermal and optical performance of BiB3O6," J. Cryst. Growth 233, 282-286 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zh. Lin, Zh. Wang, C. Chen, and M.-H. Lee, "Mechanism for linear and nonlinear optical effects in monoclinic bismuth borate (BiB3O6) crystal," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5585-5590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240-244 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6 (BIBO)," Solid State Commun. 109, 249-251 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, G. P. Banfi, P. Di Trapani, and R. Righini, "Traveling-wave parametric generation of widely tunable, highly coherent femtosecond light pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 2222-2232 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, "Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate," J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968-1983 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bakker, H.

Banfi, G. P.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, G. P. Banfi, P. Di Trapani, and R. Righini, "Traveling-wave parametric generation of widely tunable, highly coherent femtosecond light pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 2222-2232 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bartschke, J.

M. Peltz, J. Bartschke, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, S. Vernay, T. Salva, and D. Rytz, "Bismuth triborate (BiB3O6) optical parametric oscillators," Appl. Phys. B 80, 55-60 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bohaty, L.

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240-244 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6 (BIBO)," Solid State Commun. 109, 249-251 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Borsutzky, A.

M. Peltz, J. Bartschke, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, S. Vernay, T. Salva, and D. Rytz, "Bismuth triborate (BiB3O6) optical parametric oscillators," Appl. Phys. B 80, 55-60 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, "Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1-18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

Zh. Lin, Zh. Wang, C. Chen, and M.-H. Lee, "Mechanism for linear and nonlinear optical effects in monoclinic bismuth borate (BiB3O6) crystal," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5585-5590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, X.

B. Teng, J. Wang, Z. Wang, X. Hu, H. Jiang, H. Liu, X. Cheng, S. Dong, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Crystal growth, thermal and optical performance of BiB3O6," J. Cryst. Growth 233, 282-286 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Danielius, R.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, V. Magni, O. Svelto, R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, G. Valiulis, and A. Varanavicius, "Highly efficient parametric conversion of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulses at 1 kHz," Opt. Lett. 19, 1973-1975 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, G. P. Banfi, P. Di Trapani, and R. Righini, "Traveling-wave parametric generation of widely tunable, highly coherent femtosecond light pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 2222-2232 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Davis, L.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, "Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate," J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968-1983 (1987).
[CrossRef]

De Silvestri, S.

Di Trapani, P.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, G. P. Banfi, P. Di Trapani, and R. Righini, "Traveling-wave parametric generation of widely tunable, highly coherent femtosecond light pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 2222-2232 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dong, S.

B. Teng, J. Wang, Z. Wang, X. Hu, H. Jiang, H. Liu, X. Cheng, S. Dong, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Crystal growth, thermal and optical performance of BiB3O6," J. Cryst. Growth 233, 282-286 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ebrahim-Zadeh, M.

M. Ghotbi, A. Esteban-Martin, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, "BiB3O6 femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett.2006 (In Press).

Eimerl, D.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, "Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate," J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968-1983 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Emmerichs, U.

Esteban-Martin, A.

M. Ghotbi, A. Esteban-Martin, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, "BiB3O6 femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett.2006 (In Press).

Ghotbi, M.

M. Ghotbi, A. Esteban-Martin, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, "BiB3O6 femtosecond optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Lett.2006 (In Press).

Graham, E. K.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, "Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate," J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968-1983 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Hellwig, H.

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240-244 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6 (BIBO)," Solid State Commun. 109, 249-251 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hu, X.

B. Teng, J. Wang, Z. Wang, X. Hu, H. Jiang, H. Liu, X. Cheng, S. Dong, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Crystal growth, thermal and optical performance of BiB3O6," J. Cryst. Growth 233, 282-286 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H.

B. Teng, J. Wang, Z. Wang, X. Hu, H. Jiang, H. Liu, X. Cheng, S. Dong, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Crystal growth, thermal and optical performance of BiB3O6," J. Cryst. Growth 233, 282-286 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, M.-H.

Zh. Lin, Zh. Wang, C. Chen, and M.-H. Lee, "Mechanism for linear and nonlinear optical effects in monoclinic bismuth borate (BiB3O6) crystal," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5585-5590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liebertz, J.

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240-244 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6 (BIBO)," Solid State Commun. 109, 249-251 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Zh.

Zh. Lin, Zh. Wang, C. Chen, and M.-H. Lee, "Mechanism for linear and nonlinear optical effects in monoclinic bismuth borate (BiB3O6) crystal," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5585-5590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.

B. Teng, J. Wang, Z. Wang, X. Hu, H. Jiang, H. Liu, X. Cheng, S. Dong, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Crystal growth, thermal and optical performance of BiB3O6," J. Cryst. Growth 233, 282-286 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

B. Teng, J. Wang, Z. Wang, X. Hu, H. Jiang, H. Liu, X. Cheng, S. Dong, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Crystal growth, thermal and optical performance of BiB3O6," J. Cryst. Growth 233, 282-286 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Magni, V.

Nisoli, M.

Peltz, M.

M. Peltz, J. Bartschke, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, S. Vernay, T. Salva, and D. Rytz, "Bismuth triborate (BiB3O6) optical parametric oscillators," Appl. Phys. B 80, 55-60 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

Piskarskas, A.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, V. Magni, O. Svelto, R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, G. Valiulis, and A. Varanavicius, "Highly efficient parametric conversion of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulses at 1 kHz," Opt. Lett. 19, 1973-1975 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, G. P. Banfi, P. Di Trapani, and R. Righini, "Traveling-wave parametric generation of widely tunable, highly coherent femtosecond light pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 2222-2232 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Righini, R.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, G. P. Banfi, P. Di Trapani, and R. Righini, "Traveling-wave parametric generation of widely tunable, highly coherent femtosecond light pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 2222-2232 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rytz, D.

M. Peltz, J. Bartschke, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, S. Vernay, T. Salva, and D. Rytz, "Bismuth triborate (BiB3O6) optical parametric oscillators," Appl. Phys. B 80, 55-60 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Salva, T.

M. Peltz, J. Bartschke, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, S. Vernay, T. Salva, and D. Rytz, "Bismuth triborate (BiB3O6) optical parametric oscillators," Appl. Phys. B 80, 55-60 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shao, Z.

B. Teng, J. Wang, Z. Wang, X. Hu, H. Jiang, H. Liu, X. Cheng, S. Dong, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Crystal growth, thermal and optical performance of BiB3O6," J. Cryst. Growth 233, 282-286 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Stabinis, A.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, G. P. Banfi, P. Di Trapani, and R. Righini, "Traveling-wave parametric generation of widely tunable, highly coherent femtosecond light pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 2222-2232 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

Teng, B.

B. Teng, J. Wang, Z. Wang, X. Hu, H. Jiang, H. Liu, X. Cheng, S. Dong, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Crystal growth, thermal and optical performance of BiB3O6," J. Cryst. Growth 233, 282-286 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tzankov, P.

Valiulis, G.

Varanavicius, A.

Velsko, S.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, "Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate," J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968-1983 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Vernay, S.

M. Peltz, J. Bartschke, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, S. Vernay, T. Salva, and D. Rytz, "Bismuth triborate (BiB3O6) optical parametric oscillators," Appl. Phys. B 80, 55-60 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

M. Peltz, J. Bartschke, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, S. Vernay, T. Salva, and D. Rytz, "Bismuth triborate (BiB3O6) optical parametric oscillators," Appl. Phys. B 80, 55-60 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

B. Teng, J. Wang, Z. Wang, X. Hu, H. Jiang, H. Liu, X. Cheng, S. Dong, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Crystal growth, thermal and optical performance of BiB3O6," J. Cryst. Growth 233, 282-286 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

B. Teng, J. Wang, Z. Wang, X. Hu, H. Jiang, H. Liu, X. Cheng, S. Dong, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Crystal growth, thermal and optical performance of BiB3O6," J. Cryst. Growth 233, 282-286 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Zh.

Zh. Lin, Zh. Wang, C. Chen, and M.-H. Lee, "Mechanism for linear and nonlinear optical effects in monoclinic bismuth borate (BiB3O6) crystal," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5585-5590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Woutersen, S.

Zalkin, A.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, "Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate," J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968-1983 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Peltz, J. Bartschke, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, S. Vernay, T. Salva, and D. Rytz, "Bismuth triborate (BiB3O6) optical parametric oscillators," Appl. Phys. B 80, 55-60 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

Zh. Lin, Zh. Wang, C. Chen, and M.-H. Lee, "Mechanism for linear and nonlinear optical effects in monoclinic bismuth borate (BiB3O6) crystal," J. Appl. Phys. 90, 5585-5590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240-244 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, "Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate," J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968-1983 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

B. Teng, J. Wang, Z. Wang, X. Hu, H. Jiang, H. Liu, X. Cheng, S. Dong, Y. Liu, and Z. Shao, "Crystal growth, thermal and optical performance of BiB3O6," J. Cryst. Growth 233, 282-286 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, A. Stabinis, G. P. Banfi, P. Di Trapani, and R. Righini, "Traveling-wave parametric generation of widely tunable, highly coherent femtosecond light pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 10, 2222-2232 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, "Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 1-18 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun. (1)

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6 (BIBO)," Solid State Commun. 109, 249-251 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

M. Peltz, J. Bartschke, A. Borsutzky, R. Wallenstein, T. Salva, S. Vernay, and D. Rytz, "Low threshold optical parametric oscillation and third harmonic generation in the new nonlinear optical material BiB3O6," Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics CLEO 2002, OSA Technical Digest TOPS Vol. 73, (OSA, Washington, DC 2002), paper CWA27, pp.232-233.

M. Ghotbi, A. Esteban-Martin, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, "Optical parametric generation and amplification in BiB3O6," Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics CLEO 2006, OSA Technical Digest CD-ROM (OSA, Washington, DC 2006), paper JThC64.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Angle tunability and effective nonlinearity deff of BIBO in the x-z optical plane (oe-o and eo-o interaction) for a pump wavelength of 800 nm (a), and comparison of the GVM parameters 1/vP -1/vI and 1/vS -1/vI for BIBO (oe-o) and BBO (eo-e), where vP , vS , and vI denote the pump, signal, and idler group velocities.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Transparency of the used BIBO samples for polarization parallel to the y principal optical axis corresponding to the pump and idler waves.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental set-up of the seeded OPA: L, lenses, T, telescopes, BS, beam splitters, DM, dichroic mirrors, CM, curved mirror with 30 cm radius of curvature, WLG, white light continuum generation, OPA, optical parametric amplifier.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Pulse energy (full squares) and pulse duration (FWHM) assuming Gaussian pulse shapes (full circles) for the BIBO based OPA using a 3-mm thick sample. The open triangles show the energy obtained with the standard antireflection-coated 5-mm thick BBO crystal.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Cross correlation trace of the idler pulses at 3050 nm obtained by sum-frequency generation with a reference pulse at 800 nm (black symbols) and a Gaussian fit (red line). The inset shows the corresponding idler spectrum.

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