Abstract

Stability of dye doped cholesteric liquid crystal laser emission from several minutes up to two hours and more was achieved by rotating the liquid crystal cell. Significant dependence of stability on surface treatment was observed.

©2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. V. I. Kopp, Z.- Q. Zhang, and A. Z. Genack, “Lasing in chiral photonic structures,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 369–416 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  2. I.P. Il’chishin, E.A. Tikhonov, V.G. Tishchenko, and M.T. Shpak, “Generation of tunable radiation by impurity cholesteric liquid crystals,” Sov. JETP Lett.,  32, 24–27 (1980).
  3. S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, “Electrical control of the structure and lasing in chiral photonic band-gap liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 16–18 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  4. H. Finkelmann, S.T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater. 13, 1069–1072 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  5. M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, T. Kitasho, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable liquid crystal laser,” Adv. Mater. 15, 974–977 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  6. A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Phototunable lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5353–5355 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  7. A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol “Lasing in dye-doped liquid crystals: two new strategies of tuning,” Adv. Mat. 16, 791–794 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  8. P.r V. Shibaev, R. L. Sanford, D. C. hippeta, V. Milner, A. Genack, and A. Bobrowsky, “Light controllable tuning and switching of lasing in chiral liquid crystals,” Opt. Express,  13, 2358–2363 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, “Widely fine-tunable UV -VIS liquid crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051107 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  10. F. Araoka, K.-C. Shin, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, H Takezoe, Z.G. Zhu, and T.M. Swager, “How doping a cholesteric liquid crystal with polymeric dye improves an order parameter and makes possible low threshold lasing,” J. Appl. Phys. 94, 279–283 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  11. J. Schmidtke, W. Stille, and H. Finkelmann, “Defect mode emission of a dye doped cholesteric polymeric network,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 083902 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. W. Cao, A. Marino, G. Abbate, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, Lasing thresholds of cholesteric liquid crystal lasers, Electronic-Liquid Crystal Communications, October 16 (2004).
  13. P.V. Shibaev, V.I. Kopp, and A.Z. Genack, “Photonic materials based on mixtures of cholesteric liquid crystals with polymers,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 6991–6994 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  14. S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, “Study on laser action from UV-curable chiral nematic liquid crystals,” Thin Solid Films,  438– 439, 423–427 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  15. S.M. Morris, A.D. Ford, M.N. Pivnenko, and H.J. Coles, “Enhanced emission from liquid-crystal lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023103 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  16. J. Schmidtke, W. Stille, and H. Finkelmann, “Defect Mode Emission of a Dye Doped Cholesteric Polymer Network,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 083902 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. M. H. Song, B. Park, K.-C. Shin, T. Ohta, Y. Tsunoda, H. Hoshi, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, Z. Zhu, T.M. Swager, and H. Takezoe, “Effect of phase retardation on defect mode lasing in polymeric cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 16, 779 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  18. M. H. Song, N.Y. Ha, K. Amemiya, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J.W. Wu, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Defect mode lasing with lowered threshold in a three-layered hetero cholesteric liquid crystal structure,” Adv. Mater. 18, 193 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  19. Y. Zhou, Y. Huang, and S.-T. Wu, “Enhancing cholesteric liquid crystal laser performance using a cholesteric reflector,” Opt. Express 14, 3906 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. F.P. Schafer, Principles of Dye Laser Operation, in “Dye Lasers” ed. F. P. Schafer (Third Enlarged and Revised Edition, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg (1990) pp. 1–89, Chapter 1.

2006 (2)

M. H. Song, N.Y. Ha, K. Amemiya, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J.W. Wu, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Defect mode lasing with lowered threshold in a three-layered hetero cholesteric liquid crystal structure,” Adv. Mater. 18, 193 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhou, Y. Huang, and S.-T. Wu, “Enhancing cholesteric liquid crystal laser performance using a cholesteric reflector,” Opt. Express 14, 3906 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

P.r V. Shibaev, R. L. Sanford, D. C. hippeta, V. Milner, A. Genack, and A. Bobrowsky, “Light controllable tuning and switching of lasing in chiral liquid crystals,” Opt. Express,  13, 2358–2363 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.M. Morris, A.D. Ford, M.N. Pivnenko, and H.J. Coles, “Enhanced emission from liquid-crystal lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023103 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, “Widely fine-tunable UV -VIS liquid crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol “Lasing in dye-doped liquid crystals: two new strategies of tuning,” Adv. Mat. 16, 791–794 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. H. Song, B. Park, K.-C. Shin, T. Ohta, Y. Tsunoda, H. Hoshi, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, Z. Zhu, T.M. Swager, and H. Takezoe, “Effect of phase retardation on defect mode lasing in polymeric cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 16, 779 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (9)

J. Schmidtke, W. Stille, and H. Finkelmann, “Defect Mode Emission of a Dye Doped Cholesteric Polymer Network,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 083902 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, T. Kitasho, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable liquid crystal laser,” Adv. Mater. 15, 974–977 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Phototunable lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5353–5355 (2003).
[Crossref]

F. Araoka, K.-C. Shin, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, H Takezoe, Z.G. Zhu, and T.M. Swager, “How doping a cholesteric liquid crystal with polymeric dye improves an order parameter and makes possible low threshold lasing,” J. Appl. Phys. 94, 279–283 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Schmidtke, W. Stille, and H. Finkelmann, “Defect mode emission of a dye doped cholesteric polymeric network,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 083902 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P.V. Shibaev, V.I. Kopp, and A.Z. Genack, “Photonic materials based on mixtures of cholesteric liquid crystals with polymers,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 6991–6994 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, “Study on laser action from UV-curable chiral nematic liquid crystals,” Thin Solid Films,  438– 439, 423–427 (2003).
[Crossref]

V. I. Kopp, Z.- Q. Zhang, and A. Z. Genack, “Lasing in chiral photonic structures,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 369–416 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, “Electrical control of the structure and lasing in chiral photonic band-gap liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 16–18 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

H. Finkelmann, S.T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater. 13, 1069–1072 (2001).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

I.P. Il’chishin, E.A. Tikhonov, V.G. Tishchenko, and M.T. Shpak, “Generation of tunable radiation by impurity cholesteric liquid crystals,” Sov. JETP Lett.,  32, 24–27 (1980).

Abbate, G.

W. Cao, A. Marino, G. Abbate, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, Lasing thresholds of cholesteric liquid crystal lasers, Electronic-Liquid Crystal Communications, October 16 (2004).

Amemiya, K.

M. H. Song, N.Y. Ha, K. Amemiya, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J.W. Wu, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Defect mode lasing with lowered threshold in a three-layered hetero cholesteric liquid crystal structure,” Adv. Mater. 18, 193 (2006).
[Crossref]

Araoka, F.

F. Araoka, K.-C. Shin, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, H Takezoe, Z.G. Zhu, and T.M. Swager, “How doping a cholesteric liquid crystal with polymeric dye improves an order parameter and makes possible low threshold lasing,” J. Appl. Phys. 94, 279–283 (2003).
[Crossref]

Barberi, R.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, “Widely fine-tunable UV -VIS liquid crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol “Lasing in dye-doped liquid crystals: two new strategies of tuning,” Adv. Mat. 16, 791–794 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Phototunable lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5353–5355 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bartolino, R.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, “Widely fine-tunable UV -VIS liquid crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol “Lasing in dye-doped liquid crystals: two new strategies of tuning,” Adv. Mat. 16, 791–794 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Phototunable lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5353–5355 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bobrowsky, A.

Cao, W.

W. Cao, A. Marino, G. Abbate, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, Lasing thresholds of cholesteric liquid crystal lasers, Electronic-Liquid Crystal Communications, October 16 (2004).

Chanishvili, A.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, “Widely fine-tunable UV -VIS liquid crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol “Lasing in dye-doped liquid crystals: two new strategies of tuning,” Adv. Mat. 16, 791–794 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Phototunable lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5353–5355 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chilaya, G.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, “Widely fine-tunable UV -VIS liquid crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol “Lasing in dye-doped liquid crystals: two new strategies of tuning,” Adv. Mat. 16, 791–794 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Phototunable lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5353–5355 (2003).
[Crossref]

Cipparrone, G.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, “Widely fine-tunable UV -VIS liquid crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol “Lasing in dye-doped liquid crystals: two new strategies of tuning,” Adv. Mat. 16, 791–794 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Phototunable lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5353–5355 (2003).
[Crossref]

Coles, H.J.

S.M. Morris, A.D. Ford, M.N. Pivnenko, and H.J. Coles, “Enhanced emission from liquid-crystal lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023103 (2005).
[Crossref]

Finkelmann, H.

J. Schmidtke, W. Stille, and H. Finkelmann, “Defect mode emission of a dye doped cholesteric polymeric network,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 083902 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Schmidtke, W. Stille, and H. Finkelmann, “Defect Mode Emission of a Dye Doped Cholesteric Polymer Network,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 083902 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Finkelmann, S.T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater. 13, 1069–1072 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ford, A.D.

S.M. Morris, A.D. Ford, M.N. Pivnenko, and H.J. Coles, “Enhanced emission from liquid-crystal lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023103 (2005).
[Crossref]

Furumi, S.

S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, “Study on laser action from UV-curable chiral nematic liquid crystals,” Thin Solid Films,  438– 439, 423–427 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, “Electrical control of the structure and lasing in chiral photonic band-gap liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 16–18 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ganzke, D.

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, T. Kitasho, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable liquid crystal laser,” Adv. Mater. 15, 974–977 (2003).
[Crossref]

Genack, A.

Genack, A. Z.

V. I. Kopp, Z.- Q. Zhang, and A. Z. Genack, “Lasing in chiral photonic structures,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 369–416 (2003).
[Crossref]

Genack, A.Z.

P.V. Shibaev, V.I. Kopp, and A.Z. Genack, “Photonic materials based on mixtures of cholesteric liquid crystals with polymers,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 6991–6994 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gimenez, R.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, “Widely fine-tunable UV -VIS liquid crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ha, N.Y.

M. H. Song, N.Y. Ha, K. Amemiya, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J.W. Wu, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Defect mode lasing with lowered threshold in a three-layered hetero cholesteric liquid crystal structure,” Adv. Mater. 18, 193 (2006).
[Crossref]

Haase, W.

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, T. Kitasho, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable liquid crystal laser,” Adv. Mater. 15, 974–977 (2003).
[Crossref]

hippeta, D. C.

Hoshi, H.

M. H. Song, B. Park, K.-C. Shin, T. Ohta, Y. Tsunoda, H. Hoshi, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, Z. Zhu, T.M. Swager, and H. Takezoe, “Effect of phase retardation on defect mode lasing in polymeric cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 16, 779 (2004).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

Il’chishin, I.P.

I.P. Il’chishin, E.A. Tikhonov, V.G. Tishchenko, and M.T. Shpak, “Generation of tunable radiation by impurity cholesteric liquid crystals,” Sov. JETP Lett.,  32, 24–27 (1980).

Ishikawa, K.

M. H. Song, N.Y. Ha, K. Amemiya, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J.W. Wu, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Defect mode lasing with lowered threshold in a three-layered hetero cholesteric liquid crystal structure,” Adv. Mater. 18, 193 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. H. Song, B. Park, K.-C. Shin, T. Ohta, Y. Tsunoda, H. Hoshi, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, Z. Zhu, T.M. Swager, and H. Takezoe, “Effect of phase retardation on defect mode lasing in polymeric cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 16, 779 (2004).
[Crossref]

F. Araoka, K.-C. Shin, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, H Takezoe, Z.G. Zhu, and T.M. Swager, “How doping a cholesteric liquid crystal with polymeric dye improves an order parameter and makes possible low threshold lasing,” J. Appl. Phys. 94, 279–283 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kasano, M.

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, T. Kitasho, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable liquid crystal laser,” Adv. Mater. 15, 974–977 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kim, S.T.

H. Finkelmann, S.T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater. 13, 1069–1072 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kitasho, T.

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, T. Kitasho, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable liquid crystal laser,” Adv. Mater. 15, 974–977 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kopp, V. I.

V. I. Kopp, Z.- Q. Zhang, and A. Z. Genack, “Lasing in chiral photonic structures,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 369–416 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kopp, V.I.

P.V. Shibaev, V.I. Kopp, and A.Z. Genack, “Photonic materials based on mixtures of cholesteric liquid crystals with polymers,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 6991–6994 (2003).
[Crossref]

Marino, A.

W. Cao, A. Marino, G. Abbate, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, Lasing thresholds of cholesteric liquid crystal lasers, Electronic-Liquid Crystal Communications, October 16 (2004).

Mashiko, S.

S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, “Study on laser action from UV-curable chiral nematic liquid crystals,” Thin Solid Films,  438– 439, 423–427 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, “Electrical control of the structure and lasing in chiral photonic band-gap liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 16–18 (2003).
[Crossref]

Mazzulla, A.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, “Widely fine-tunable UV -VIS liquid crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol “Lasing in dye-doped liquid crystals: two new strategies of tuning,” Adv. Mat. 16, 791–794 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Phototunable lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5353–5355 (2003).
[Crossref]

Milner, V.

Morris, S.M.

S.M. Morris, A.D. Ford, M.N. Pivnenko, and H.J. Coles, “Enhanced emission from liquid-crystal lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023103 (2005).
[Crossref]

Munoz, A.

H. Finkelmann, S.T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater. 13, 1069–1072 (2001).
[Crossref]

Nishimura, S.

M. H. Song, N.Y. Ha, K. Amemiya, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J.W. Wu, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Defect mode lasing with lowered threshold in a three-layered hetero cholesteric liquid crystal structure,” Adv. Mater. 18, 193 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. H. Song, B. Park, K.-C. Shin, T. Ohta, Y. Tsunoda, H. Hoshi, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, Z. Zhu, T.M. Swager, and H. Takezoe, “Effect of phase retardation on defect mode lasing in polymeric cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 16, 779 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ohta, T.

M. H. Song, B. Park, K.-C. Shin, T. Ohta, Y. Tsunoda, H. Hoshi, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, Z. Zhu, T.M. Swager, and H. Takezoe, “Effect of phase retardation on defect mode lasing in polymeric cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 16, 779 (2004).
[Crossref]

Oriol, L.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, “Widely fine-tunable UV -VIS liquid crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol “Lasing in dye-doped liquid crystals: two new strategies of tuning,” Adv. Mat. 16, 791–794 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Phototunable lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5353–5355 (2003).
[Crossref]

Otomo, A.

S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, “Electrical control of the structure and lasing in chiral photonic band-gap liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 16–18 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, “Study on laser action from UV-curable chiral nematic liquid crystals,” Thin Solid Films,  438– 439, 423–427 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ozaki, M.

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, T. Kitasho, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable liquid crystal laser,” Adv. Mater. 15, 974–977 (2003).
[Crossref]

Palffy-Muhoray, P.

H. Finkelmann, S.T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater. 13, 1069–1072 (2001).
[Crossref]

W. Cao, A. Marino, G. Abbate, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, Lasing thresholds of cholesteric liquid crystal lasers, Electronic-Liquid Crystal Communications, October 16 (2004).

Park, B.

M. H. Song, N.Y. Ha, K. Amemiya, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J.W. Wu, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Defect mode lasing with lowered threshold in a three-layered hetero cholesteric liquid crystal structure,” Adv. Mater. 18, 193 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. H. Song, B. Park, K.-C. Shin, T. Ohta, Y. Tsunoda, H. Hoshi, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, Z. Zhu, T.M. Swager, and H. Takezoe, “Effect of phase retardation on defect mode lasing in polymeric cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 16, 779 (2004).
[Crossref]

Petriashvili, G.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, “Widely fine-tunable UV -VIS liquid crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol “Lasing in dye-doped liquid crystals: two new strategies of tuning,” Adv. Mat. 16, 791–794 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Phototunable lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5353–5355 (2003).
[Crossref]

Pinol, M.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, “Widely fine-tunable UV -VIS liquid crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Pivnenko, M.N.

S.M. Morris, A.D. Ford, M.N. Pivnenko, and H.J. Coles, “Enhanced emission from liquid-crystal lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023103 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sanford, R. L.

Schafer, F.P.

F.P. Schafer, Principles of Dye Laser Operation, in “Dye Lasers” ed. F. P. Schafer (Third Enlarged and Revised Edition, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg (1990) pp. 1–89, Chapter 1.

Schmidtke, J.

J. Schmidtke, W. Stille, and H. Finkelmann, “Defect Mode Emission of a Dye Doped Cholesteric Polymer Network,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 083902 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Schmidtke, W. Stille, and H. Finkelmann, “Defect mode emission of a dye doped cholesteric polymeric network,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 083902 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shibaev, P.r V.

Shibaev, P.V.

P.V. Shibaev, V.I. Kopp, and A.Z. Genack, “Photonic materials based on mixtures of cholesteric liquid crystals with polymers,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 6991–6994 (2003).
[Crossref]

Shin, K.-C.

M. H. Song, B. Park, K.-C. Shin, T. Ohta, Y. Tsunoda, H. Hoshi, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, Z. Zhu, T.M. Swager, and H. Takezoe, “Effect of phase retardation on defect mode lasing in polymeric cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 16, 779 (2004).
[Crossref]

F. Araoka, K.-C. Shin, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, H Takezoe, Z.G. Zhu, and T.M. Swager, “How doping a cholesteric liquid crystal with polymeric dye improves an order parameter and makes possible low threshold lasing,” J. Appl. Phys. 94, 279–283 (2003).
[Crossref]

Shpak, M.T.

I.P. Il’chishin, E.A. Tikhonov, V.G. Tishchenko, and M.T. Shpak, “Generation of tunable radiation by impurity cholesteric liquid crystals,” Sov. JETP Lett.,  32, 24–27 (1980).

Song, M. H.

M. H. Song, N.Y. Ha, K. Amemiya, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J.W. Wu, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Defect mode lasing with lowered threshold in a three-layered hetero cholesteric liquid crystal structure,” Adv. Mater. 18, 193 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. H. Song, B. Park, K.-C. Shin, T. Ohta, Y. Tsunoda, H. Hoshi, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, Z. Zhu, T.M. Swager, and H. Takezoe, “Effect of phase retardation on defect mode lasing in polymeric cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 16, 779 (2004).
[Crossref]

Stille, W.

J. Schmidtke, W. Stille, and H. Finkelmann, “Defect mode emission of a dye doped cholesteric polymeric network,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 083902 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Schmidtke, W. Stille, and H. Finkelmann, “Defect Mode Emission of a Dye Doped Cholesteric Polymer Network,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 083902 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Swager, T.M.

M. H. Song, B. Park, K.-C. Shin, T. Ohta, Y. Tsunoda, H. Hoshi, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, Z. Zhu, T.M. Swager, and H. Takezoe, “Effect of phase retardation on defect mode lasing in polymeric cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 16, 779 (2004).
[Crossref]

F. Araoka, K.-C. Shin, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, H Takezoe, Z.G. Zhu, and T.M. Swager, “How doping a cholesteric liquid crystal with polymeric dye improves an order parameter and makes possible low threshold lasing,” J. Appl. Phys. 94, 279–283 (2003).
[Crossref]

Taheri, B.

H. Finkelmann, S.T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater. 13, 1069–1072 (2001).
[Crossref]

W. Cao, A. Marino, G. Abbate, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, Lasing thresholds of cholesteric liquid crystal lasers, Electronic-Liquid Crystal Communications, October 16 (2004).

Takanishi, Y.

M. H. Song, N.Y. Ha, K. Amemiya, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J.W. Wu, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Defect mode lasing with lowered threshold in a three-layered hetero cholesteric liquid crystal structure,” Adv. Mater. 18, 193 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. H. Song, B. Park, K.-C. Shin, T. Ohta, Y. Tsunoda, H. Hoshi, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, Z. Zhu, T.M. Swager, and H. Takezoe, “Effect of phase retardation on defect mode lasing in polymeric cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 16, 779 (2004).
[Crossref]

F. Araoka, K.-C. Shin, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, H Takezoe, Z.G. Zhu, and T.M. Swager, “How doping a cholesteric liquid crystal with polymeric dye improves an order parameter and makes possible low threshold lasing,” J. Appl. Phys. 94, 279–283 (2003).
[Crossref]

Takezoe, H

F. Araoka, K.-C. Shin, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, H Takezoe, Z.G. Zhu, and T.M. Swager, “How doping a cholesteric liquid crystal with polymeric dye improves an order parameter and makes possible low threshold lasing,” J. Appl. Phys. 94, 279–283 (2003).
[Crossref]

Takezoe, H.

M. H. Song, N.Y. Ha, K. Amemiya, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J.W. Wu, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Defect mode lasing with lowered threshold in a three-layered hetero cholesteric liquid crystal structure,” Adv. Mater. 18, 193 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. H. Song, B. Park, K.-C. Shin, T. Ohta, Y. Tsunoda, H. Hoshi, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, Z. Zhu, T.M. Swager, and H. Takezoe, “Effect of phase retardation on defect mode lasing in polymeric cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 16, 779 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tikhonov, E.A.

I.P. Il’chishin, E.A. Tikhonov, V.G. Tishchenko, and M.T. Shpak, “Generation of tunable radiation by impurity cholesteric liquid crystals,” Sov. JETP Lett.,  32, 24–27 (1980).

Tishchenko, V.G.

I.P. Il’chishin, E.A. Tikhonov, V.G. Tishchenko, and M.T. Shpak, “Generation of tunable radiation by impurity cholesteric liquid crystals,” Sov. JETP Lett.,  32, 24–27 (1980).

Toyooka, T.

M. H. Song, N.Y. Ha, K. Amemiya, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J.W. Wu, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Defect mode lasing with lowered threshold in a three-layered hetero cholesteric liquid crystal structure,” Adv. Mater. 18, 193 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. H. Song, B. Park, K.-C. Shin, T. Ohta, Y. Tsunoda, H. Hoshi, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, Z. Zhu, T.M. Swager, and H. Takezoe, “Effect of phase retardation on defect mode lasing in polymeric cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 16, 779 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tsunoda, Y.

M. H. Song, B. Park, K.-C. Shin, T. Ohta, Y. Tsunoda, H. Hoshi, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, Z. Zhu, T.M. Swager, and H. Takezoe, “Effect of phase retardation on defect mode lasing in polymeric cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 16, 779 (2004).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, J.

M. H. Song, B. Park, K.-C. Shin, T. Ohta, Y. Tsunoda, H. Hoshi, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, Z. Zhu, T.M. Swager, and H. Takezoe, “Effect of phase retardation on defect mode lasing in polymeric cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 16, 779 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wu, J.W.

M. H. Song, N.Y. Ha, K. Amemiya, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J.W. Wu, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Defect mode lasing with lowered threshold in a three-layered hetero cholesteric liquid crystal structure,” Adv. Mater. 18, 193 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wu, S.-T.

Yokoyama, S.

S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, “Electrical control of the structure and lasing in chiral photonic band-gap liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 16–18 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, “Study on laser action from UV-curable chiral nematic liquid crystals,” Thin Solid Films,  438– 439, 423–427 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yoshino, K.

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, T. Kitasho, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable liquid crystal laser,” Adv. Mater. 15, 974–977 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.- Q.

V. I. Kopp, Z.- Q. Zhang, and A. Z. Genack, “Lasing in chiral photonic structures,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 369–416 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y.

Zhu, Z.

M. H. Song, B. Park, K.-C. Shin, T. Ohta, Y. Tsunoda, H. Hoshi, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, Z. Zhu, T.M. Swager, and H. Takezoe, “Effect of phase retardation on defect mode lasing in polymeric cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 16, 779 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Z.G.

F. Araoka, K.-C. Shin, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, H Takezoe, Z.G. Zhu, and T.M. Swager, “How doping a cholesteric liquid crystal with polymeric dye improves an order parameter and makes possible low threshold lasing,” J. Appl. Phys. 94, 279–283 (2003).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mat. (1)

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol “Lasing in dye-doped liquid crystals: two new strategies of tuning,” Adv. Mat. 16, 791–794 (2004).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (4)

M. H. Song, B. Park, K.-C. Shin, T. Ohta, Y. Tsunoda, H. Hoshi, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J. Watanabe, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, Z. Zhu, T.M. Swager, and H. Takezoe, “Effect of phase retardation on defect mode lasing in polymeric cholesteric liquid crystals,” Adv. Mater. 16, 779 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. H. Song, N.Y. Ha, K. Amemiya, B. Park, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, J.W. Wu, S. Nishimura, T. Toyooka, and H. Takezoe, “Defect mode lasing with lowered threshold in a three-layered hetero cholesteric liquid crystal structure,” Adv. Mater. 18, 193 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. Finkelmann, S.T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater. 13, 1069–1072 (2001).
[Crossref]

M. Ozaki, M. Kasano, T. Kitasho, D. Ganzke, W. Haase, and K. Yoshino, “Electro-tunable liquid crystal laser,” Adv. Mater. 15, 974–977 (2003).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Phototunable lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5353–5355 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, R. Gimenez, L. Oriol, and M. Pinol, “Widely fine-tunable UV -VIS liquid crystal laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 051107 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, “Electrical control of the structure and lasing in chiral photonic band-gap liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 16–18 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

S.M. Morris, A.D. Ford, M.N. Pivnenko, and H.J. Coles, “Enhanced emission from liquid-crystal lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 97, 023103 (2005).
[Crossref]

F. Araoka, K.-C. Shin, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, H Takezoe, Z.G. Zhu, and T.M. Swager, “How doping a cholesteric liquid crystal with polymeric dye improves an order parameter and makes possible low threshold lasing,” J. Appl. Phys. 94, 279–283 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

P.V. Shibaev, V.I. Kopp, and A.Z. Genack, “Photonic materials based on mixtures of cholesteric liquid crystals with polymers,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 6991–6994 (2003).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

J. Schmidtke, W. Stille, and H. Finkelmann, “Defect mode emission of a dye doped cholesteric polymeric network,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 083902 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Schmidtke, W. Stille, and H. Finkelmann, “Defect Mode Emission of a Dye Doped Cholesteric Polymer Network,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 083902 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

V. I. Kopp, Z.- Q. Zhang, and A. Z. Genack, “Lasing in chiral photonic structures,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 27, 369–416 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sov. JETP Lett. (1)

I.P. Il’chishin, E.A. Tikhonov, V.G. Tishchenko, and M.T. Shpak, “Generation of tunable radiation by impurity cholesteric liquid crystals,” Sov. JETP Lett.,  32, 24–27 (1980).

Thin Solid Films (1)

S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, “Study on laser action from UV-curable chiral nematic liquid crystals,” Thin Solid Films,  438– 439, 423–427 (2003).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

F.P. Schafer, Principles of Dye Laser Operation, in “Dye Lasers” ed. F. P. Schafer (Third Enlarged and Revised Edition, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg (1990) pp. 1–89, Chapter 1.

W. Cao, A. Marino, G. Abbate, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, Lasing thresholds of cholesteric liquid crystal lasers, Electronic-Liquid Crystal Communications, October 16 (2004).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Sketch of the experimental set-up
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Average output power for a 20 µm cell coated with polyimide and containing 0.6% UVITEX dye. The laser emission wavelength is at 443 nm.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Average output power for a 20 µm cell not coated with polyimide and containing 0.6% UVITEX dye. The laser emission wavelength is at 443 nm.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Average output power for a 20µm cell coated with polyimide and containing 0.6% Oxazine 700 dye. The laser emission wavelength is at 623 nm.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. Average output power for a 20µm cell coated with polyimide and containing 0.6% DCM and 0.2% Oxazine 700 for Foster transfer effect. The laser emission wavelength is at 615 nm.

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