Abstract

By controlling the output coupling ratio, we demonstrate a novel wavelength-tunable L-band Erbium-doped fiber laser (EDFL) with a maximum tuning range up to 58 nm (from 1567 to 1625 nm) by controlling its output coupling ratio between 1% and 99%. The L-band EDFL is configured by using a bi-directionally dual-wavelength pumped EDFA in close-loop with an output coupler of tunable coupling ratio and an air-gap inserted FC/PC connector pair. Such an EDFL exhibits a quantum efficiency of 42% and an ultra-high power conversion efficiency of 37% under optimized pumping scheme, providing the small-signal gain and output power of ~34 dB and 91 mW, respectively. Low variation of <1.2 dB on channel power, power fluctuation of 0.04% and a narrow linewidth of 0.03 nm are obtained.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. Y. Sun, J. W. Shlhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengasarkar, "80nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. T. A. Haddud, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. K. Zamzuri, S. Shaharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "24-Line of Brillouin-Erbium Fiber Laser Utilizng Fabry-Perot Cavity in L-band," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 165-167 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. W. Harun and H. Ahmad, "Multiwavelength Laser Comb in L-band Region with Dual-Cavity Brillouin/Erbium Fiber Laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phy. 41, L1234-L1236 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Q. H. Mao, and W. Y. Lit, "Optical Bistability in an L-Band Dual-Wavelength Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser with Overlapping cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1252-1254 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Chen, M. Leblanc, and G. W. Schinn, "Gain enhanced L-band optical fiber amplifiers and tunable fiber lasers with erbium-doped fibers," Opt. Commun. 216,119-125 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Q. H. Mao and W. Y. Lit, "Widely tunable L-band erbium-doped fiber laser with fiber Bragg gratings based on optical bistability," App. Phys. Lett. 82,1335-1337 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. X. H. Feng, Y. G. Liu, S. H. Yuan, G. Y. Kai, W. G. Zhang, and X. Y. Dong, "L-Band switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on a multimode fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Express 12, 3834-3839 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. Melo, O. Frazao, A. L. J. Teixeira, L. A. Gomes, J. R. Ferreira da rocha, and H. M. Salgado, "Tunable L-band erbium-doped fibre ring laser by means of induced cavity loss using a fibre taper," Appl. Phys. B 77, 139-142 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Lee, U. C. Ryu, S. J. Ahn, and N. Park, "Enhancement of Power Conversion Efficency for an L-band EDFA with a Secondary Pumping Effect in the Unpumped EDF Section," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 42-44 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. X. Y. Dong, P. Shum, N. Q. Ngo, H. Y. Tam, and X. Y. Dong, "Output Power Characteristics of Tunable Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Lasers," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1334-1341 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Q. Yang, C. L. Zhao, H. Y. Meng, L. Ding, X. O. Dong, S. H. Yuan, G. Y. Kai, and Q. D. Zhao, "Wavelength tunable erbium-doped fiber ring laser operating in L-band," Opt. and Quantum Electron. 35, 69-73 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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  14. H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, N. Takachio, K. Iwatsuki, T. Kitoh, and T. Shibata, "12.5-GHz spaced 1.28-Tb/s (512-channel_2.5 Gb/s) super-dense WDM transmission over 320-km SMF using multiwavelength generation technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 405-407 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. Pfeiffer, H. Schmuck, and H. Bülow, "Output power characteristics of erbium-doped fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 847-849 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. Mignon and E. Desurvire, "An analytical model for the determination of optimal output reflectivity and fiber length in erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 850-852 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. L. Wagener, P. F. Wysocki, M. J. F. Digonnet, and H. J. Shaw, "Effects of concentration and clusters in erbium-doped fiber lasers," Opt. Lett. 18, 2014-2016 (1993).
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  18. X. Dong, N. Q. Ngo, P. Shum, B.-O. Guan, H.-Y. Tam, and X. Dong, "Concentration-induced nonuniform power in tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers," Opt. Lett. 29, 358-360 (2004).
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  19. X. Dong, P. Shum, N. Q. Ngo, C. C. Chan, B.-O. Guan, and H.-Y. Tam, "Effects of active fiber length on tunability of erbium-doped fiber ring lasers," Opt. Express 11, 3622-3627 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. T. Georges and E. Delevaque, "Analytical modeling of high-gain erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 17, 1113-1115 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. X. Dong, P. Shum, N. Q. Ngo, H. Y. Tam, and X. Dong, "Output Power Characteristics of Tunable Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Lasers," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1334-1341 (2005)
    [CrossRef]
  22. H. Ono, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, "1.58-μm Band Gain-Flattened Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier for WDM Transmission Systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 490-496 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  23. C. C. Renaud, R. J. Selvas-Aguilar, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, and A. B. Grudinin, "Compact High -Energy Q-Switched Cladding-Pumped Fiber Laser with a Tuning Range Over 40 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 976-978 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  24. S. Yamashita, and M. Nishihara, "Widely Tunable Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser Covering Both C-band and L-band," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 41-43 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2005

S. M. Zhang, Y. F. Lu, X. F. Yang, F. J. Dong, H. J. Wang, and X. Dong, "Wavelength tunable linear cavity cladding pump Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped fiber laser operating in L-band," Opt. Quantum Electron. 37, 417-424 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Haddud, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. K. Zamzuri, S. Shaharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "24-Line of Brillouin-Erbium Fiber Laser Utilizng Fabry-Perot Cavity in L-band," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 165-167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Y. Dong, P. Shum, N. Q. Ngo, H. Y. Tam, and X. Y. Dong, "Output Power Characteristics of Tunable Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Lasers," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1334-1341 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Dong, P. Shum, N. Q. Ngo, H. Y. Tam, and X. Dong, "Output Power Characteristics of Tunable Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Lasers," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1334-1341 (2005)
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

X. Dong, P. Shum, N. Q. Ngo, C. C. Chan, B.-O. Guan, and H.-Y. Tam, "Effects of active fiber length on tunability of erbium-doped fiber ring lasers," Opt. Express 11, 3622-3627 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Chen, M. Leblanc, and G. W. Schinn, "Gain enhanced L-band optical fiber amplifiers and tunable fiber lasers with erbium-doped fibers," Opt. Commun. 216,119-125 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Q. H. Mao and W. Y. Lit, "Widely tunable L-band erbium-doped fiber laser with fiber Bragg gratings based on optical bistability," App. Phys. Lett. 82,1335-1337 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Melo, O. Frazao, A. L. J. Teixeira, L. A. Gomes, J. R. Ferreira da rocha, and H. M. Salgado, "Tunable L-band erbium-doped fibre ring laser by means of induced cavity loss using a fibre taper," Appl. Phys. B 77, 139-142 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Q. Yang, C. L. Zhao, H. Y. Meng, L. Ding, X. O. Dong, S. H. Yuan, G. Y. Kai, and Q. D. Zhao, "Wavelength tunable erbium-doped fiber ring laser operating in L-band," Opt. and Quantum Electron. 35, 69-73 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, N. Takachio, K. Iwatsuki, T. Kitoh, and T. Shibata, "12.5-GHz spaced 1.28-Tb/s (512-channel_2.5 Gb/s) super-dense WDM transmission over 320-km SMF using multiwavelength generation technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 405-407 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Harun and H. Ahmad, "Multiwavelength Laser Comb in L-band Region with Dual-Cavity Brillouin/Erbium Fiber Laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phy. 41, L1234-L1236 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Q. H. Mao, and W. Y. Lit, "Optical Bistability in an L-Band Dual-Wavelength Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser with Overlapping cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1252-1254 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

S. Yamashita, and M. Nishihara, "Widely Tunable Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser Covering Both C-band and L-band," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 41-43 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

C. C. Renaud, R. J. Selvas-Aguilar, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, and A. B. Grudinin, "Compact High -Energy Q-Switched Cladding-Pumped Fiber Laser with a Tuning Range Over 40 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 976-978 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lee, U. C. Ryu, S. J. Ahn, and N. Park, "Enhancement of Power Conversion Efficency for an L-band EDFA with a Secondary Pumping Effect in the Unpumped EDF Section," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 42-44 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Ono, M. Yamada, T. Kanamori, S. Sudo, and Y. Ohishi, "1.58-μm Band Gain-Flattened Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifier for WDM Transmission Systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 490-496 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

Y. Sun, J. W. Shlhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengasarkar, "80nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994

1993

1992

T. Georges and E. Delevaque, "Analytical modeling of high-gain erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 17, 1113-1115 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Pfeiffer, H. Schmuck, and H. Bülow, "Output power characteristics of erbium-doped fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 847-849 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Mignon and E. Desurvire, "An analytical model for the determination of optimal output reflectivity and fiber length in erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 850-852 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Abdullah, M. K.

T. A. Haddud, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. K. Zamzuri, S. Shaharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "24-Line of Brillouin-Erbium Fiber Laser Utilizng Fabry-Perot Cavity in L-band," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 165-167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ahmad, H.

S. W. Harun and H. Ahmad, "Multiwavelength Laser Comb in L-band Region with Dual-Cavity Brillouin/Erbium Fiber Laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phy. 41, L1234-L1236 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, S. J.

J. Lee, U. C. Ryu, S. J. Ahn, and N. Park, "Enhancement of Power Conversion Efficency for an L-band EDFA with a Secondary Pumping Effect in the Unpumped EDF Section," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 42-44 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Al-Mansoori, M. H.

T. A. Haddud, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. K. Zamzuri, S. Shaharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "24-Line of Brillouin-Erbium Fiber Laser Utilizng Fabry-Perot Cavity in L-band," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 165-167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bülow, H.

T. Pfeiffer, H. Schmuck, and H. Bülow, "Output power characteristics of erbium-doped fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 847-849 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C. C.

Chen, H.

H. Chen, M. Leblanc, and G. W. Schinn, "Gain enhanced L-band optical fiber amplifiers and tunable fiber lasers with erbium-doped fibers," Opt. Commun. 216,119-125 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Delevaque, E.

Desurvire, E.

M. Mignon and E. Desurvire, "An analytical model for the determination of optimal output reflectivity and fiber length in erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 850-852 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Digonnet, M. J. F.

Ding, L.

S. Q. Yang, C. L. Zhao, H. Y. Meng, L. Ding, X. O. Dong, S. H. Yuan, G. Y. Kai, and Q. D. Zhao, "Wavelength tunable erbium-doped fiber ring laser operating in L-band," Opt. and Quantum Electron. 35, 69-73 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dong, F. J.

S. M. Zhang, Y. F. Lu, X. F. Yang, F. J. Dong, H. J. Wang, and X. Dong, "Wavelength tunable linear cavity cladding pump Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped fiber laser operating in L-band," Opt. Quantum Electron. 37, 417-424 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X.

Dong, X. O.

S. Q. Yang, C. L. Zhao, H. Y. Meng, L. Ding, X. O. Dong, S. H. Yuan, G. Y. Kai, and Q. D. Zhao, "Wavelength tunable erbium-doped fiber ring laser operating in L-band," Opt. and Quantum Electron. 35, 69-73 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X. Y.

Espindola, R. P.

Y. Sun, J. W. Shlhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengasarkar, "80nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Feng, X. H.

Fontana, F.

Franco, P.

Frazao, O.

M. Melo, O. Frazao, A. L. J. Teixeira, L. A. Gomes, J. R. Ferreira da rocha, and H. M. Salgado, "Tunable L-band erbium-doped fibre ring laser by means of induced cavity loss using a fibre taper," Appl. Phys. B 77, 139-142 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, M.

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, N. Takachio, K. Iwatsuki, T. Kitoh, and T. Shibata, "12.5-GHz spaced 1.28-Tb/s (512-channel_2.5 Gb/s) super-dense WDM transmission over 320-km SMF using multiwavelength generation technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 405-407 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Georges, T.

Gomes, L. A.

M. Melo, O. Frazao, A. L. J. Teixeira, L. A. Gomes, J. R. Ferreira da rocha, and H. M. Salgado, "Tunable L-band erbium-doped fibre ring laser by means of induced cavity loss using a fibre taper," Appl. Phys. B 77, 139-142 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Grudinin, A. B.

C. C. Renaud, R. J. Selvas-Aguilar, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, and A. B. Grudinin, "Compact High -Energy Q-Switched Cladding-Pumped Fiber Laser with a Tuning Range Over 40 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 976-978 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Guan, B.-O.

Haddud, T. A.

T. A. Haddud, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. K. Zamzuri, S. Shaharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "24-Line of Brillouin-Erbium Fiber Laser Utilizng Fabry-Perot Cavity in L-band," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 165-167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Harun, S. W.

S. W. Harun and H. Ahmad, "Multiwavelength Laser Comb in L-band Region with Dual-Cavity Brillouin/Erbium Fiber Laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phy. 41, L1234-L1236 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Iwatsuki, K.

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, N. Takachio, K. Iwatsuki, T. Kitoh, and T. Shibata, "12.5-GHz spaced 1.28-Tb/s (512-channel_2.5 Gb/s) super-dense WDM transmission over 320-km SMF using multiwavelength generation technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 405-407 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Judkins, J. B.

Y. Sun, J. W. Shlhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengasarkar, "80nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kai, G. Y.

X. H. Feng, Y. G. Liu, S. H. Yuan, G. Y. Kai, W. G. Zhang, and X. Y. Dong, "L-Band switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on a multimode fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Express 12, 3834-3839 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Q. Yang, C. L. Zhao, H. Y. Meng, L. Ding, X. O. Dong, S. H. Yuan, G. Y. Kai, and Q. D. Zhao, "Wavelength tunable erbium-doped fiber ring laser operating in L-band," Opt. and Quantum Electron. 35, 69-73 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kanamori, T.

Kitoh, T.

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, N. Takachio, K. Iwatsuki, T. Kitoh, and T. Shibata, "12.5-GHz spaced 1.28-Tb/s (512-channel_2.5 Gb/s) super-dense WDM transmission over 320-km SMF using multiwavelength generation technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 405-407 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Leblanc, M.

H. Chen, M. Leblanc, and G. W. Schinn, "Gain enhanced L-band optical fiber amplifiers and tunable fiber lasers with erbium-doped fibers," Opt. Commun. 216,119-125 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

J. Lee, U. C. Ryu, S. J. Ahn, and N. Park, "Enhancement of Power Conversion Efficency for an L-band EDFA with a Secondary Pumping Effect in the Unpumped EDF Section," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 42-44 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lit, W. Y.

Q. H. Mao and W. Y. Lit, "Widely tunable L-band erbium-doped fiber laser with fiber Bragg gratings based on optical bistability," App. Phys. Lett. 82,1335-1337 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Q. H. Mao, and W. Y. Lit, "Optical Bistability in an L-Band Dual-Wavelength Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser with Overlapping cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1252-1254 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y. G.

Lu, Y. F.

S. M. Zhang, Y. F. Lu, X. F. Yang, F. J. Dong, H. J. Wang, and X. Dong, "Wavelength tunable linear cavity cladding pump Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped fiber laser operating in L-band," Opt. Quantum Electron. 37, 417-424 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mahdi, M. A.

T. A. Haddud, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. K. Zamzuri, S. Shaharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "24-Line of Brillouin-Erbium Fiber Laser Utilizng Fabry-Perot Cavity in L-band," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 165-167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mao, Q. H.

Q. H. Mao and W. Y. Lit, "Widely tunable L-band erbium-doped fiber laser with fiber Bragg gratings based on optical bistability," App. Phys. Lett. 82,1335-1337 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Q. H. Mao, and W. Y. Lit, "Optical Bistability in an L-Band Dual-Wavelength Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser with Overlapping cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1252-1254 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Melo, M.

M. Melo, O. Frazao, A. L. J. Teixeira, L. A. Gomes, J. R. Ferreira da rocha, and H. M. Salgado, "Tunable L-band erbium-doped fibre ring laser by means of induced cavity loss using a fibre taper," Appl. Phys. B 77, 139-142 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Meng, H. Y.

S. Q. Yang, C. L. Zhao, H. Y. Meng, L. Ding, X. O. Dong, S. H. Yuan, G. Y. Kai, and Q. D. Zhao, "Wavelength tunable erbium-doped fiber ring laser operating in L-band," Opt. and Quantum Electron. 35, 69-73 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Midrio, M.

Mignon, M.

M. Mignon and E. Desurvire, "An analytical model for the determination of optimal output reflectivity and fiber length in erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 850-852 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ngo, N. Q.

Nilsson, J.

C. C. Renaud, R. J. Selvas-Aguilar, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, and A. B. Grudinin, "Compact High -Energy Q-Switched Cladding-Pumped Fiber Laser with a Tuning Range Over 40 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 976-978 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nishihara, M.

S. Yamashita, and M. Nishihara, "Widely Tunable Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser Covering Both C-band and L-band," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 41-43 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

Ono, H.

Park, N.

J. Lee, U. C. Ryu, S. J. Ahn, and N. Park, "Enhancement of Power Conversion Efficency for an L-band EDFA with a Secondary Pumping Effect in the Unpumped EDF Section," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 42-44 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pedrazzani, J. R.

Y. Sun, J. W. Shlhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengasarkar, "80nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pfeiffer, T.

T. Pfeiffer, H. Schmuck, and H. Bülow, "Output power characteristics of erbium-doped fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 847-849 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Renaud, C. C.

C. C. Renaud, R. J. Selvas-Aguilar, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, and A. B. Grudinin, "Compact High -Energy Q-Switched Cladding-Pumped Fiber Laser with a Tuning Range Over 40 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 976-978 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Romagnoli, M.

Ryu, U. C.

J. Lee, U. C. Ryu, S. J. Ahn, and N. Park, "Enhancement of Power Conversion Efficency for an L-band EDFA with a Secondary Pumping Effect in the Unpumped EDF Section," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 42-44 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schinn, G. W.

H. Chen, M. Leblanc, and G. W. Schinn, "Gain enhanced L-band optical fiber amplifiers and tunable fiber lasers with erbium-doped fibers," Opt. Commun. 216,119-125 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schmuck, H.

T. Pfeiffer, H. Schmuck, and H. Bülow, "Output power characteristics of erbium-doped fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 847-849 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Selvas-Aguilar, R. J.

C. C. Renaud, R. J. Selvas-Aguilar, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, and A. B. Grudinin, "Compact High -Energy Q-Switched Cladding-Pumped Fiber Laser with a Tuning Range Over 40 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 976-978 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shaharudin, S.

T. A. Haddud, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. K. Zamzuri, S. Shaharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "24-Line of Brillouin-Erbium Fiber Laser Utilizng Fabry-Perot Cavity in L-band," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 165-167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, H. J.

Shibata, T.

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, N. Takachio, K. Iwatsuki, T. Kitoh, and T. Shibata, "12.5-GHz spaced 1.28-Tb/s (512-channel_2.5 Gb/s) super-dense WDM transmission over 320-km SMF using multiwavelength generation technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 405-407 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shlhoff, J. W.

Y. Sun, J. W. Shlhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengasarkar, "80nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shum, P.

Srivastava, A. K.

Y. Sun, J. W. Shlhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengasarkar, "80nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Strasser, T. A.

Y. Sun, J. W. Shlhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengasarkar, "80nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sudo, S.

Sun, Y.

Y. Sun, J. W. Shlhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengasarkar, "80nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, H.

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, N. Takachio, K. Iwatsuki, T. Kitoh, and T. Shibata, "12.5-GHz spaced 1.28-Tb/s (512-channel_2.5 Gb/s) super-dense WDM transmission over 320-km SMF using multiwavelength generation technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 405-407 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Takachio, N.

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, N. Takachio, K. Iwatsuki, T. Kitoh, and T. Shibata, "12.5-GHz spaced 1.28-Tb/s (512-channel_2.5 Gb/s) super-dense WDM transmission over 320-km SMF using multiwavelength generation technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 405-407 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tam, H. Y.

Tam, H.-Y.

Teixeira, A. L. J.

M. Melo, O. Frazao, A. L. J. Teixeira, L. A. Gomes, J. R. Ferreira da rocha, and H. M. Salgado, "Tunable L-band erbium-doped fibre ring laser by means of induced cavity loss using a fibre taper," Appl. Phys. B 77, 139-142 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tozzato, A.

Turner, P. W.

C. C. Renaud, R. J. Selvas-Aguilar, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, and A. B. Grudinin, "Compact High -Energy Q-Switched Cladding-Pumped Fiber Laser with a Tuning Range Over 40 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 976-978 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vengasarkar, A. M.

Y. Sun, J. W. Shlhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengasarkar, "80nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wagener, J. L.

Wang, H. J.

S. M. Zhang, Y. F. Lu, X. F. Yang, F. J. Dong, H. J. Wang, and X. Dong, "Wavelength tunable linear cavity cladding pump Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped fiber laser operating in L-band," Opt. Quantum Electron. 37, 417-424 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, C.

Y. Sun, J. W. Shlhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengasarkar, "80nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wysocki, P. F.

Yamada, M.

Yamashita, S.

S. Yamashita, and M. Nishihara, "Widely Tunable Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser Covering Both C-band and L-band," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 41-43 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S. Q.

S. Q. Yang, C. L. Zhao, H. Y. Meng, L. Ding, X. O. Dong, S. H. Yuan, G. Y. Kai, and Q. D. Zhao, "Wavelength tunable erbium-doped fiber ring laser operating in L-band," Opt. and Quantum Electron. 35, 69-73 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yang, X. F.

S. M. Zhang, Y. F. Lu, X. F. Yang, F. J. Dong, H. J. Wang, and X. Dong, "Wavelength tunable linear cavity cladding pump Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped fiber laser operating in L-band," Opt. Quantum Electron. 37, 417-424 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, S. H.

X. H. Feng, Y. G. Liu, S. H. Yuan, G. Y. Kai, W. G. Zhang, and X. Y. Dong, "L-Band switchable dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on a multimode fiber Bragg grating," Opt. Express 12, 3834-3839 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Q. Yang, C. L. Zhao, H. Y. Meng, L. Ding, X. O. Dong, S. H. Yuan, G. Y. Kai, and Q. D. Zhao, "Wavelength tunable erbium-doped fiber ring laser operating in L-band," Opt. and Quantum Electron. 35, 69-73 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zamzuri, A. K.

T. A. Haddud, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. K. Zamzuri, S. Shaharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "24-Line of Brillouin-Erbium Fiber Laser Utilizng Fabry-Perot Cavity in L-band," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 165-167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S. M.

S. M. Zhang, Y. F. Lu, X. F. Yang, F. J. Dong, H. J. Wang, and X. Dong, "Wavelength tunable linear cavity cladding pump Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped fiber laser operating in L-band," Opt. Quantum Electron. 37, 417-424 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W. G.

Zhao, C. L.

S. Q. Yang, C. L. Zhao, H. Y. Meng, L. Ding, X. O. Dong, S. H. Yuan, G. Y. Kai, and Q. D. Zhao, "Wavelength tunable erbium-doped fiber ring laser operating in L-band," Opt. and Quantum Electron. 35, 69-73 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Q. D.

S. Q. Yang, C. L. Zhao, H. Y. Meng, L. Ding, X. O. Dong, S. H. Yuan, G. Y. Kai, and Q. D. Zhao, "Wavelength tunable erbium-doped fiber ring laser operating in L-band," Opt. and Quantum Electron. 35, 69-73 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

Y. Sun, J. W. Shlhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengasarkar, "80nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zyskind, J. L.

Y. Sun, J. W. Shlhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengasarkar, "80nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

App. Phys. Lett.

Q. H. Mao and W. Y. Lit, "Widely tunable L-band erbium-doped fiber laser with fiber Bragg gratings based on optical bistability," App. Phys. Lett. 82,1335-1337 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

M. Melo, O. Frazao, A. L. J. Teixeira, L. A. Gomes, J. R. Ferreira da rocha, and H. M. Salgado, "Tunable L-band erbium-doped fibre ring laser by means of induced cavity loss using a fibre taper," Appl. Phys. B 77, 139-142 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

Y. Sun, J. W. Shlhoff, A. K. Srivastava, J. L. Zyskind, T. A. Strasser, J. R. Pedrazzani, C. Wolf, J. Zhou, J. B. Judkins, R. P. Espindola, and A. M. Vengasarkar, "80nm ultra-wideband erbium-doped silica fibre amplifier," Electron. Lett. 33, 1965-1967 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

S. Yamashita, and M. Nishihara, "Widely Tunable Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser Covering Both C-band and L-band," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 41-43 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

C. C. Renaud, R. J. Selvas-Aguilar, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, and A. B. Grudinin, "Compact High -Energy Q-Switched Cladding-Pumped Fiber Laser with a Tuning Range Over 40 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 976-978 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Q. H. Mao, and W. Y. Lit, "Optical Bistability in an L-Band Dual-Wavelength Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser with Overlapping cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1252-1254 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Lee, U. C. Ryu, S. J. Ahn, and N. Park, "Enhancement of Power Conversion Efficency for an L-band EDFA with a Secondary Pumping Effect in the Unpumped EDF Section," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 42-44 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Suzuki, M. Fujiwara, N. Takachio, K. Iwatsuki, T. Kitoh, and T. Shibata, "12.5-GHz spaced 1.28-Tb/s (512-channel_2.5 Gb/s) super-dense WDM transmission over 320-km SMF using multiwavelength generation technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 405-407 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Pfeiffer, H. Schmuck, and H. Bülow, "Output power characteristics of erbium-doped fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 847-849 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Mignon and E. Desurvire, "An analytical model for the determination of optimal output reflectivity and fiber length in erbium-doped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 850-852 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Jpn. J. Appl. Phy.

S. W. Harun and H. Ahmad, "Multiwavelength Laser Comb in L-band Region with Dual-Cavity Brillouin/Erbium Fiber Laser," Jpn. J. Appl. Phy. 41, L1234-L1236 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett.

T. A. Haddud, M. H. Al-Mansoori, A. K. Zamzuri, S. Shaharudin, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "24-Line of Brillouin-Erbium Fiber Laser Utilizng Fabry-Perot Cavity in L-band," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 45, 165-167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. and Quantum Electron.

S. Q. Yang, C. L. Zhao, H. Y. Meng, L. Ding, X. O. Dong, S. H. Yuan, G. Y. Kai, and Q. D. Zhao, "Wavelength tunable erbium-doped fiber ring laser operating in L-band," Opt. and Quantum Electron. 35, 69-73 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

H. Chen, M. Leblanc, and G. W. Schinn, "Gain enhanced L-band optical fiber amplifiers and tunable fiber lasers with erbium-doped fibers," Opt. Commun. 216,119-125 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Quantum Electron.

S. M. Zhang, Y. F. Lu, X. F. Yang, F. J. Dong, H. J. Wang, and X. Dong, "Wavelength tunable linear cavity cladding pump Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped fiber laser operating in L-band," Opt. Quantum Electron. 37, 417-424 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

A coupling-ratio controlled wavelength tunable L-band EDFL with a tunable-ratio optical coupler (TROC).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

ASE (blue) spectrum of the EDFA and L-band gain (red) profile of the EDFL at coupling ratio of 90%.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The wavelength tuning range of the EDFL obtained under different output coupling rations.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Lasing spectra of EDFL with detuning output coupling ratio.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Trend of lasing wavelength, output power, and quantum efficiency with output coupling ratio.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Wavelength dependent output power of a coupling loss controlled EDFL (solid square) a tunable filter controlled EDFL (hollow circle) at output coupling ratio of 90%.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

The lasing linewidth without (dotted line) or with (solid square) an air-gap inserting between FC/PC fiber connectors. The bandpass filtered EDFL spectrum (dashed line) is also show for comparison.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. PCE and Gain of the EDFA constructed with different Forward/Backward pumping schemes.

Metrics