Abstract

We report on an extensive characterization of a 15GHz integrated bulk InGaAsP passively modelocked ring laser at 1530 nm. The laser is modelocked for a wide range of amplifier currents and reverse bias voltages on the saturable absorber. We have measured a timing jitter of 7.1 ps (20 kHz – 80 MHz), which is low for an all-active device using bulk material and due to the ring configuration. Measured output pulses are highly chirped, a FWHM bandwidth is obtained of up to 4.5 nm. Such lasers with high bandwidth pulses and compatible with active-passive integration are of great interest for OCDMA applications.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Arahira, and Y. Ogawa, "Retiming and reshaping function of all-optical clock extraction at 160 Gb/s in monolithic mode-locked laser diode," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 937-944 (2005.
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. P. Hohimer and G. A. Vawter, "Passive mode locking of monolithic semiconductor ring laser at 86 GHz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1598-1600,(1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Yu, T. F. Krauss, and P. J. R. Laybourn, "Modelocking in large monolithic semiconductor ring lasers," Opt. Eng. 37, 1164-1168 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. A. Avrutin, J. H. Marsh, J. M. Arnold, T. F. Krauss, H. Pottinger, and R. M. De la Rue, "Analysis of harmonic (sub) THz passive mode-locking in monolithic compound cavity Fabry-Perot and ring laser diodes," IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 146,55-61 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Ohno, H. Ishii, S. Matsuo, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Kondo, I. Furuta, H. Ito, and Y. Yoshikuni, "Hybrid modelocking of semiconductor ring lasers incorporating passive deep-ridge waveguides," Electron. Lett. 38, 884-885 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Barbarin, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. J. R. Heck, J. H. den Besten, G. Guidi, Y. S. Oei, J. J. M. Binsma, M. K. Smit, "Realization and modeling of a 27-GHz integrated passively mode-locked ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2277-2279 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Ji, R. G. Broeke, Y. Du, J. Cao, N. Chubun, P. Bjeletich, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, R. Welty, C. Reinhardt, P. L. Stephan, and S. J. B. Yoo, "Monolithically integrated InP-based photonic chip development for O-CDMA systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 66-77 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. C. M. Pennings, R. van Roijen, M. J. N. van Stralen, P. J. de Waard, R. G. M. P. Koumans and B. H. Verbeek "Reflection properties of multimode interference devices," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 715-718 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. U. Bandelow, M. Radziunas, A. Vladimirov, B. Hüttl and R. Kaiser, "40GHz modelocked semiconductor lasers: Theory, simulations and experiments," Opt. and Quantum Electron. 38, 495-512 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, S. Donati, P. J. R. Laybourn, "Operating regimes of GaAs-AlGaAs semiconductor ring lasers: experiment and model," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1187-1195 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Gee, G. A. Alphonse, J. C. Connolly, C. Barty, and P. J. Delfyett, "Ultrashort pulse generation by intracavity spectral shaping and phase compensation of external-cavity modelocked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36,1035-1040 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Arahira and Y. Ogawa, "Repetition-frequency tuning of monolithic passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers with integrated extended cavities," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 255-257 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. A. Jiang, M. E. Grein, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Noise of mode-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7,159-167 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. D. Derickson, R. J. Helkey, A. Mar, J. R. Karin, J. G. Wasserbauer and J. E. Bowers, "Short pulse generation using Multisegment Mode-Locked Semiconductor Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186-2202 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. G. Weber, M. Schell, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, "Generation of single femtosecond pulses by hybrid mode-locking of a semiconductor laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2220-2229 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  16. H. Yokoyama, T. Shimizu, T. Ono, Y. Yano "Synchronous injection locking operation of monolithic mode-locked diode lasers," Opt. Rev. 2, 85-88 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  17. X. Wang, H. Yokoyama, T. Shimizu, "Synchronized harmonic frequency mode-locking with laser diodes through optical pulse train injection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 617-619 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  18. F. Camacho, E. A. Avrutin, P. Cusumano, A. Saher Helmy, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, "Improvements in mode-locked semiconductor diode lasers using monolithically integrated passive waveguides made by quantum-well intermixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1208-1210 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  19. C. Ji, N. Chubun, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, Y. Du, S. J. B Yoo, K.Y. Liou, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, S. N. G. Chu, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, and W. T. Tsang, "Synchronized transform-limited operation of 10-GHz colliding pulse mode-locked laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 625-627 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (2)

U. Bandelow, M. Radziunas, A. Vladimirov, B. Hüttl and R. Kaiser, "40GHz modelocked semiconductor lasers: Theory, simulations and experiments," Opt. and Quantum Electron. 38, 495-512 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Ji, N. Chubun, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, Y. Du, S. J. B Yoo, K.Y. Liou, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, S. N. G. Chu, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, and W. T. Tsang, "Synchronized transform-limited operation of 10-GHz colliding pulse mode-locked laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 625-627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

S. Arahira, and Y. Ogawa, "Retiming and reshaping function of all-optical clock extraction at 160 Gb/s in monolithic mode-locked laser diode," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 937-944 (2005.
[CrossRef]

Y. Barbarin, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. J. R. Heck, J. H. den Besten, G. Guidi, Y. S. Oei, J. J. M. Binsma, M. K. Smit, "Realization and modeling of a 27-GHz integrated passively mode-locked ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2277-2279 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Ji, R. G. Broeke, Y. Du, J. Cao, N. Chubun, P. Bjeletich, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, R. Welty, C. Reinhardt, P. L. Stephan, and S. J. B. Yoo, "Monolithically integrated InP-based photonic chip development for O-CDMA systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 66-77 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, S. Donati, P. J. R. Laybourn, "Operating regimes of GaAs-AlGaAs semiconductor ring lasers: experiment and model," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1187-1195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

T. Ohno, H. Ishii, S. Matsuo, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Kondo, I. Furuta, H. Ito, and Y. Yoshikuni, "Hybrid modelocking of semiconductor ring lasers incorporating passive deep-ridge waveguides," Electron. Lett. 38, 884-885 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

L. A. Jiang, M. E. Grein, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Noise of mode-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7,159-167 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

S. Gee, G. A. Alphonse, J. C. Connolly, C. Barty, and P. J. Delfyett, "Ultrashort pulse generation by intracavity spectral shaping and phase compensation of external-cavity modelocked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36,1035-1040 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

E. A. Avrutin, J. H. Marsh, J. M. Arnold, T. F. Krauss, H. Pottinger, and R. M. De la Rue, "Analysis of harmonic (sub) THz passive mode-locking in monolithic compound cavity Fabry-Perot and ring laser diodes," IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 146,55-61 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. Yu, T. F. Krauss, and P. J. R. Laybourn, "Modelocking in large monolithic semiconductor ring lasers," Opt. Eng. 37, 1164-1168 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

S. Arahira and Y. Ogawa, "Repetition-frequency tuning of monolithic passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers with integrated extended cavities," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 255-257 (1997).
[CrossRef]

F. Camacho, E. A. Avrutin, P. Cusumano, A. Saher Helmy, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, "Improvements in mode-locked semiconductor diode lasers using monolithically integrated passive waveguides made by quantum-well intermixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1208-1210 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

X. Wang, H. Yokoyama, T. Shimizu, "Synchronized harmonic frequency mode-locking with laser diodes through optical pulse train injection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 617-619 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

H. Yokoyama, T. Shimizu, T. Ono, Y. Yano "Synchronous injection locking operation of monolithic mode-locked diode lasers," Opt. Rev. 2, 85-88 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

E. C. M. Pennings, R. van Roijen, M. J. N. van Stralen, P. J. de Waard, R. G. M. P. Koumans and B. H. Verbeek "Reflection properties of multimode interference devices," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 715-718 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

J. P. Hohimer and G. A. Vawter, "Passive mode locking of monolithic semiconductor ring laser at 86 GHz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1598-1600,(1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

J. D. Derickson, R. J. Helkey, A. Mar, J. R. Karin, J. G. Wasserbauer and J. E. Bowers, "Short pulse generation using Multisegment Mode-Locked Semiconductor Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186-2202 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Weber, M. Schell, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, "Generation of single femtosecond pulses by hybrid mode-locking of a semiconductor laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2220-2229 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Alphonse, G. A.

S. Gee, G. A. Alphonse, J. C. Connolly, C. Barty, and P. J. Delfyett, "Ultrashort pulse generation by intracavity spectral shaping and phase compensation of external-cavity modelocked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36,1035-1040 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Arahira, S.

S. Arahira, and Y. Ogawa, "Retiming and reshaping function of all-optical clock extraction at 160 Gb/s in monolithic mode-locked laser diode," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 937-944 (2005.
[CrossRef]

S. Arahira and Y. Ogawa, "Repetition-frequency tuning of monolithic passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers with integrated extended cavities," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 255-257 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Arnold, J. M.

E. A. Avrutin, J. H. Marsh, J. M. Arnold, T. F. Krauss, H. Pottinger, and R. M. De la Rue, "Analysis of harmonic (sub) THz passive mode-locking in monolithic compound cavity Fabry-Perot and ring laser diodes," IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 146,55-61 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Avrutin, E. A.

E. A. Avrutin, J. H. Marsh, J. M. Arnold, T. F. Krauss, H. Pottinger, and R. M. De la Rue, "Analysis of harmonic (sub) THz passive mode-locking in monolithic compound cavity Fabry-Perot and ring laser diodes," IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 146,55-61 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Camacho, E. A. Avrutin, P. Cusumano, A. Saher Helmy, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, "Improvements in mode-locked semiconductor diode lasers using monolithically integrated passive waveguides made by quantum-well intermixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1208-1210 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bandelow, U.

U. Bandelow, M. Radziunas, A. Vladimirov, B. Hüttl and R. Kaiser, "40GHz modelocked semiconductor lasers: Theory, simulations and experiments," Opt. and Quantum Electron. 38, 495-512 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Barbarin, Y.

Y. Barbarin, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. J. R. Heck, J. H. den Besten, G. Guidi, Y. S. Oei, J. J. M. Binsma, M. K. Smit, "Realization and modeling of a 27-GHz integrated passively mode-locked ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2277-2279 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Barty, C.

S. Gee, G. A. Alphonse, J. C. Connolly, C. Barty, and P. J. Delfyett, "Ultrashort pulse generation by intracavity spectral shaping and phase compensation of external-cavity modelocked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36,1035-1040 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bente, E. A. J. M.

Y. Barbarin, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. J. R. Heck, J. H. den Besten, G. Guidi, Y. S. Oei, J. J. M. Binsma, M. K. Smit, "Realization and modeling of a 27-GHz integrated passively mode-locked ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2277-2279 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bimberg, D.

A. G. Weber, M. Schell, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, "Generation of single femtosecond pulses by hybrid mode-locking of a semiconductor laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2220-2229 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Binsma, J. J. M.

Y. Barbarin, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. J. R. Heck, J. H. den Besten, G. Guidi, Y. S. Oei, J. J. M. Binsma, M. K. Smit, "Realization and modeling of a 27-GHz integrated passively mode-locked ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2277-2279 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bjeletich, P.

C. Ji, R. G. Broeke, Y. Du, J. Cao, N. Chubun, P. Bjeletich, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, R. Welty, C. Reinhardt, P. L. Stephan, and S. J. B. Yoo, "Monolithically integrated InP-based photonic chip development for O-CDMA systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 66-77 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

J. D. Derickson, R. J. Helkey, A. Mar, J. R. Karin, J. G. Wasserbauer and J. E. Bowers, "Short pulse generation using Multisegment Mode-Locked Semiconductor Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186-2202 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Broeke, R. G.

C. Ji, N. Chubun, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, Y. Du, S. J. B Yoo, K.Y. Liou, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, S. N. G. Chu, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, and W. T. Tsang, "Synchronized transform-limited operation of 10-GHz colliding pulse mode-locked laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 625-627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Ji, R. G. Broeke, Y. Du, J. Cao, N. Chubun, P. Bjeletich, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, R. Welty, C. Reinhardt, P. L. Stephan, and S. J. B. Yoo, "Monolithically integrated InP-based photonic chip development for O-CDMA systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 66-77 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bryce, A. C.

F. Camacho, E. A. Avrutin, P. Cusumano, A. Saher Helmy, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, "Improvements in mode-locked semiconductor diode lasers using monolithically integrated passive waveguides made by quantum-well intermixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1208-1210 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Camacho, F.

F. Camacho, E. A. Avrutin, P. Cusumano, A. Saher Helmy, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, "Improvements in mode-locked semiconductor diode lasers using monolithically integrated passive waveguides made by quantum-well intermixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1208-1210 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cao, J.

C. Ji, N. Chubun, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, Y. Du, S. J. B Yoo, K.Y. Liou, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, S. N. G. Chu, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, and W. T. Tsang, "Synchronized transform-limited operation of 10-GHz colliding pulse mode-locked laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 625-627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Ji, R. G. Broeke, Y. Du, J. Cao, N. Chubun, P. Bjeletich, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, R. Welty, C. Reinhardt, P. L. Stephan, and S. J. B. Yoo, "Monolithically integrated InP-based photonic chip development for O-CDMA systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 66-77 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S. N. G.

C. Ji, N. Chubun, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, Y. Du, S. J. B Yoo, K.Y. Liou, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, S. N. G. Chu, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, and W. T. Tsang, "Synchronized transform-limited operation of 10-GHz colliding pulse mode-locked laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 625-627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chubun, N.

C. Ji, N. Chubun, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, Y. Du, S. J. B Yoo, K.Y. Liou, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, S. N. G. Chu, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, and W. T. Tsang, "Synchronized transform-limited operation of 10-GHz colliding pulse mode-locked laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 625-627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Ji, R. G. Broeke, Y. Du, J. Cao, N. Chubun, P. Bjeletich, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, R. Welty, C. Reinhardt, P. L. Stephan, and S. J. B. Yoo, "Monolithically integrated InP-based photonic chip development for O-CDMA systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 66-77 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Connolly, J. C.

S. Gee, G. A. Alphonse, J. C. Connolly, C. Barty, and P. J. Delfyett, "Ultrashort pulse generation by intracavity spectral shaping and phase compensation of external-cavity modelocked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36,1035-1040 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cusumano, P.

F. Camacho, E. A. Avrutin, P. Cusumano, A. Saher Helmy, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, "Improvements in mode-locked semiconductor diode lasers using monolithically integrated passive waveguides made by quantum-well intermixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1208-1210 (1997).
[CrossRef]

De la Rue, R. M.

E. A. Avrutin, J. H. Marsh, J. M. Arnold, T. F. Krauss, H. Pottinger, and R. M. De la Rue, "Analysis of harmonic (sub) THz passive mode-locking in monolithic compound cavity Fabry-Perot and ring laser diodes," IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 146,55-61 (1999).
[CrossRef]

de Waard, P. J.

E. C. M. Pennings, R. van Roijen, M. J. N. van Stralen, P. J. de Waard, R. G. M. P. Koumans and B. H. Verbeek "Reflection properties of multimode interference devices," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 715-718 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Delfyett, P. J.

S. Gee, G. A. Alphonse, J. C. Connolly, C. Barty, and P. J. Delfyett, "Ultrashort pulse generation by intracavity spectral shaping and phase compensation of external-cavity modelocked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36,1035-1040 (2000).
[CrossRef]

den Besten, J. H.

Y. Barbarin, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. J. R. Heck, J. H. den Besten, G. Guidi, Y. S. Oei, J. J. M. Binsma, M. K. Smit, "Realization and modeling of a 27-GHz integrated passively mode-locked ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2277-2279 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Derickson, J. D.

J. D. Derickson, R. J. Helkey, A. Mar, J. R. Karin, J. G. Wasserbauer and J. E. Bowers, "Short pulse generation using Multisegment Mode-Locked Semiconductor Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186-2202 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Donati, S.

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, S. Donati, P. J. R. Laybourn, "Operating regimes of GaAs-AlGaAs semiconductor ring lasers: experiment and model," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1187-1195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Du, Y.

C. Ji, N. Chubun, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, Y. Du, S. J. B Yoo, K.Y. Liou, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, S. N. G. Chu, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, and W. T. Tsang, "Synchronized transform-limited operation of 10-GHz colliding pulse mode-locked laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 625-627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Ji, R. G. Broeke, Y. Du, J. Cao, N. Chubun, P. Bjeletich, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, R. Welty, C. Reinhardt, P. L. Stephan, and S. J. B. Yoo, "Monolithically integrated InP-based photonic chip development for O-CDMA systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 66-77 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fischbeck, G.

A. G. Weber, M. Schell, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, "Generation of single femtosecond pulses by hybrid mode-locking of a semiconductor laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2220-2229 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Furuta, I.

T. Ohno, H. Ishii, S. Matsuo, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Kondo, I. Furuta, H. Ito, and Y. Yoshikuni, "Hybrid modelocking of semiconductor ring lasers incorporating passive deep-ridge waveguides," Electron. Lett. 38, 884-885 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gee, S.

S. Gee, G. A. Alphonse, J. C. Connolly, C. Barty, and P. J. Delfyett, "Ultrashort pulse generation by intracavity spectral shaping and phase compensation of external-cavity modelocked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36,1035-1040 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Giuliani, G.

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, S. Donati, P. J. R. Laybourn, "Operating regimes of GaAs-AlGaAs semiconductor ring lasers: experiment and model," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1187-1195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Grein, M. E.

L. A. Jiang, M. E. Grein, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Noise of mode-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7,159-167 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Guidi, G.

Y. Barbarin, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. J. R. Heck, J. H. den Besten, G. Guidi, Y. S. Oei, J. J. M. Binsma, M. K. Smit, "Realization and modeling of a 27-GHz integrated passively mode-locked ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2277-2279 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

L. A. Jiang, M. E. Grein, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Noise of mode-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7,159-167 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Heck, M. J. R.

Y. Barbarin, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. J. R. Heck, J. H. den Besten, G. Guidi, Y. S. Oei, J. J. M. Binsma, M. K. Smit, "Realization and modeling of a 27-GHz integrated passively mode-locked ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2277-2279 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Helkey, R. J.

J. D. Derickson, R. J. Helkey, A. Mar, J. R. Karin, J. G. Wasserbauer and J. E. Bowers, "Short pulse generation using Multisegment Mode-Locked Semiconductor Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186-2202 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hobson, W. S.

C. Ji, N. Chubun, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, Y. Du, S. J. B Yoo, K.Y. Liou, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, S. N. G. Chu, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, and W. T. Tsang, "Synchronized transform-limited operation of 10-GHz colliding pulse mode-locked laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 625-627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hohimer, J. P.

J. P. Hohimer and G. A. Vawter, "Passive mode locking of monolithic semiconductor ring laser at 86 GHz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1598-1600,(1993).
[CrossRef]

Hüttl, B.

U. Bandelow, M. Radziunas, A. Vladimirov, B. Hüttl and R. Kaiser, "40GHz modelocked semiconductor lasers: Theory, simulations and experiments," Opt. and Quantum Electron. 38, 495-512 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

L. A. Jiang, M. E. Grein, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Noise of mode-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7,159-167 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ishii, H.

T. Ohno, H. Ishii, S. Matsuo, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Kondo, I. Furuta, H. Ito, and Y. Yoshikuni, "Hybrid modelocking of semiconductor ring lasers incorporating passive deep-ridge waveguides," Electron. Lett. 38, 884-885 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ito, H.

T. Ohno, H. Ishii, S. Matsuo, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Kondo, I. Furuta, H. Ito, and Y. Yoshikuni, "Hybrid modelocking of semiconductor ring lasers incorporating passive deep-ridge waveguides," Electron. Lett. 38, 884-885 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ji, C.

C. Ji, N. Chubun, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, Y. Du, S. J. B Yoo, K.Y. Liou, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, S. N. G. Chu, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, and W. T. Tsang, "Synchronized transform-limited operation of 10-GHz colliding pulse mode-locked laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 625-627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Ji, R. G. Broeke, Y. Du, J. Cao, N. Chubun, P. Bjeletich, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, R. Welty, C. Reinhardt, P. L. Stephan, and S. J. B. Yoo, "Monolithically integrated InP-based photonic chip development for O-CDMA systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 66-77 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, L. A.

L. A. Jiang, M. E. Grein, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Noise of mode-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7,159-167 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, R.

U. Bandelow, M. Radziunas, A. Vladimirov, B. Hüttl and R. Kaiser, "40GHz modelocked semiconductor lasers: Theory, simulations and experiments," Opt. and Quantum Electron. 38, 495-512 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Karin, J. R.

J. D. Derickson, R. J. Helkey, A. Mar, J. R. Karin, J. G. Wasserbauer and J. E. Bowers, "Short pulse generation using Multisegment Mode-Locked Semiconductor Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186-2202 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kawaguchi, Y.

T. Ohno, H. Ishii, S. Matsuo, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Kondo, I. Furuta, H. Ito, and Y. Yoshikuni, "Hybrid modelocking of semiconductor ring lasers incorporating passive deep-ridge waveguides," Electron. Lett. 38, 884-885 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kondo, Y.

T. Ohno, H. Ishii, S. Matsuo, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Kondo, I. Furuta, H. Ito, and Y. Yoshikuni, "Hybrid modelocking of semiconductor ring lasers incorporating passive deep-ridge waveguides," Electron. Lett. 38, 884-885 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Koumans, R. G. M. P.

E. C. M. Pennings, R. van Roijen, M. J. N. van Stralen, P. J. de Waard, R. G. M. P. Koumans and B. H. Verbeek "Reflection properties of multimode interference devices," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 715-718 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, T. F.

E. A. Avrutin, J. H. Marsh, J. M. Arnold, T. F. Krauss, H. Pottinger, and R. M. De la Rue, "Analysis of harmonic (sub) THz passive mode-locking in monolithic compound cavity Fabry-Perot and ring laser diodes," IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 146,55-61 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Yu, T. F. Krauss, and P. J. R. Laybourn, "Modelocking in large monolithic semiconductor ring lasers," Opt. Eng. 37, 1164-1168 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Laybourn, P. J. R.

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, S. Donati, P. J. R. Laybourn, "Operating regimes of GaAs-AlGaAs semiconductor ring lasers: experiment and model," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1187-1195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Yu, T. F. Krauss, and P. J. R. Laybourn, "Modelocking in large monolithic semiconductor ring lasers," Opt. Eng. 37, 1164-1168 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Liou, K.Y.

C. Ji, N. Chubun, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, Y. Du, S. J. B Yoo, K.Y. Liou, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, S. N. G. Chu, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, and W. T. Tsang, "Synchronized transform-limited operation of 10-GHz colliding pulse mode-locked laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 625-627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lothian, J. R.

C. Ji, N. Chubun, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, Y. Du, S. J. B Yoo, K.Y. Liou, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, S. N. G. Chu, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, and W. T. Tsang, "Synchronized transform-limited operation of 10-GHz colliding pulse mode-locked laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 625-627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lourdudoss, S.

C. Ji, R. G. Broeke, Y. Du, J. Cao, N. Chubun, P. Bjeletich, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, R. Welty, C. Reinhardt, P. L. Stephan, and S. J. B. Yoo, "Monolithically integrated InP-based photonic chip development for O-CDMA systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 66-77 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mar, A.

J. D. Derickson, R. J. Helkey, A. Mar, J. R. Karin, J. G. Wasserbauer and J. E. Bowers, "Short pulse generation using Multisegment Mode-Locked Semiconductor Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186-2202 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Marsh, J. H.

E. A. Avrutin, J. H. Marsh, J. M. Arnold, T. F. Krauss, H. Pottinger, and R. M. De la Rue, "Analysis of harmonic (sub) THz passive mode-locking in monolithic compound cavity Fabry-Perot and ring laser diodes," IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 146,55-61 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Camacho, E. A. Avrutin, P. Cusumano, A. Saher Helmy, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, "Improvements in mode-locked semiconductor diode lasers using monolithically integrated passive waveguides made by quantum-well intermixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1208-1210 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Matsuo, S.

T. Ohno, H. Ishii, S. Matsuo, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Kondo, I. Furuta, H. Ito, and Y. Yoshikuni, "Hybrid modelocking of semiconductor ring lasers incorporating passive deep-ridge waveguides," Electron. Lett. 38, 884-885 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Miglierina, R.

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, S. Donati, P. J. R. Laybourn, "Operating regimes of GaAs-AlGaAs semiconductor ring lasers: experiment and model," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1187-1195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Oei, Y. S.

Y. Barbarin, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. J. R. Heck, J. H. den Besten, G. Guidi, Y. S. Oei, J. J. M. Binsma, M. K. Smit, "Realization and modeling of a 27-GHz integrated passively mode-locked ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2277-2279 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, Y.

S. Arahira, and Y. Ogawa, "Retiming and reshaping function of all-optical clock extraction at 160 Gb/s in monolithic mode-locked laser diode," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 937-944 (2005.
[CrossRef]

S. Arahira and Y. Ogawa, "Repetition-frequency tuning of monolithic passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers with integrated extended cavities," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 255-257 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ohno, T.

T. Ohno, H. Ishii, S. Matsuo, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Kondo, I. Furuta, H. Ito, and Y. Yoshikuni, "Hybrid modelocking of semiconductor ring lasers incorporating passive deep-ridge waveguides," Electron. Lett. 38, 884-885 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, H.

T. Ohno, H. Ishii, S. Matsuo, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Kondo, I. Furuta, H. Ito, and Y. Yoshikuni, "Hybrid modelocking of semiconductor ring lasers incorporating passive deep-ridge waveguides," Electron. Lett. 38, 884-885 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, F.

C. Ji, R. G. Broeke, Y. Du, J. Cao, N. Chubun, P. Bjeletich, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, R. Welty, C. Reinhardt, P. L. Stephan, and S. J. B. Yoo, "Monolithically integrated InP-based photonic chip development for O-CDMA systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 66-77 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ono, T.

H. Yokoyama, T. Shimizu, T. Ono, Y. Yano "Synchronous injection locking operation of monolithic mode-locked diode lasers," Opt. Rev. 2, 85-88 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Patel, B.

C. Ji, N. Chubun, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, Y. Du, S. J. B Yoo, K.Y. Liou, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, S. N. G. Chu, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, and W. T. Tsang, "Synchronized transform-limited operation of 10-GHz colliding pulse mode-locked laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 625-627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pennings, E. C. M.

E. C. M. Pennings, R. van Roijen, M. J. N. van Stralen, P. J. de Waard, R. G. M. P. Koumans and B. H. Verbeek "Reflection properties of multimode interference devices," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 715-718 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pottinger, H.

E. A. Avrutin, J. H. Marsh, J. M. Arnold, T. F. Krauss, H. Pottinger, and R. M. De la Rue, "Analysis of harmonic (sub) THz passive mode-locking in monolithic compound cavity Fabry-Perot and ring laser diodes," IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 146,55-61 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Radziunas, M.

U. Bandelow, M. Radziunas, A. Vladimirov, B. Hüttl and R. Kaiser, "40GHz modelocked semiconductor lasers: Theory, simulations and experiments," Opt. and Quantum Electron. 38, 495-512 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Reinhardt, C.

C. Ji, R. G. Broeke, Y. Du, J. Cao, N. Chubun, P. Bjeletich, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, R. Welty, C. Reinhardt, P. L. Stephan, and S. J. B. Yoo, "Monolithically integrated InP-based photonic chip development for O-CDMA systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 66-77 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Saher Helmy, A.

F. Camacho, E. A. Avrutin, P. Cusumano, A. Saher Helmy, A. C. Bryce, and J. H. Marsh, "Improvements in mode-locked semiconductor diode lasers using monolithically integrated passive waveguides made by quantum-well intermixing," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 1208-1210 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schell, M.

A. G. Weber, M. Schell, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, "Generation of single femtosecond pulses by hybrid mode-locking of a semiconductor laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2220-2229 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Scire, A.

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, S. Donati, P. J. R. Laybourn, "Operating regimes of GaAs-AlGaAs semiconductor ring lasers: experiment and model," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1187-1195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, T.

X. Wang, H. Yokoyama, T. Shimizu, "Synchronized harmonic frequency mode-locking with laser diodes through optical pulse train injection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 617-619 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. Yokoyama, T. Shimizu, T. Ono, Y. Yano "Synchronous injection locking operation of monolithic mode-locked diode lasers," Opt. Rev. 2, 85-88 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Smit, M. K.

Y. Barbarin, E. A. J. M. Bente, M. J. R. Heck, J. H. den Besten, G. Guidi, Y. S. Oei, J. J. M. Binsma, M. K. Smit, "Realization and modeling of a 27-GHz integrated passively mode-locked ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2277-2279 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sorel, M.

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, S. Donati, P. J. R. Laybourn, "Operating regimes of GaAs-AlGaAs semiconductor ring lasers: experiment and model," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1187-1195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Stephan, P. L.

C. Ji, R. G. Broeke, Y. Du, J. Cao, N. Chubun, P. Bjeletich, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, R. Welty, C. Reinhardt, P. L. Stephan, and S. J. B. Yoo, "Monolithically integrated InP-based photonic chip development for O-CDMA systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 66-77 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, W. T.

C. Ji, N. Chubun, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, Y. Du, S. J. B Yoo, K.Y. Liou, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, S. N. G. Chu, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, and W. T. Tsang, "Synchronized transform-limited operation of 10-GHz colliding pulse mode-locked laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 625-627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

van Roijen, R.

E. C. M. Pennings, R. van Roijen, M. J. N. van Stralen, P. J. de Waard, R. G. M. P. Koumans and B. H. Verbeek "Reflection properties of multimode interference devices," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 715-718 (1994).
[CrossRef]

van Stralen, M. J. N.

E. C. M. Pennings, R. van Roijen, M. J. N. van Stralen, P. J. de Waard, R. G. M. P. Koumans and B. H. Verbeek "Reflection properties of multimode interference devices," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 715-718 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Vatanapradit, S.

C. Ji, N. Chubun, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, Y. Du, S. J. B Yoo, K.Y. Liou, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, S. N. G. Chu, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, and W. T. Tsang, "Synchronized transform-limited operation of 10-GHz colliding pulse mode-locked laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 625-627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vawter, G. A.

J. P. Hohimer and G. A. Vawter, "Passive mode locking of monolithic semiconductor ring laser at 86 GHz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1598-1600,(1993).
[CrossRef]

Verbeek, B. H.

E. C. M. Pennings, R. van Roijen, M. J. N. van Stralen, P. J. de Waard, R. G. M. P. Koumans and B. H. Verbeek "Reflection properties of multimode interference devices," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 715-718 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Vladimirov, A.

U. Bandelow, M. Radziunas, A. Vladimirov, B. Hüttl and R. Kaiser, "40GHz modelocked semiconductor lasers: Theory, simulations and experiments," Opt. and Quantum Electron. 38, 495-512 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

X. Wang, H. Yokoyama, T. Shimizu, "Synchronized harmonic frequency mode-locking with laser diodes through optical pulse train injection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 617-619 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wasserbauer, J. G.

J. D. Derickson, R. J. Helkey, A. Mar, J. R. Karin, J. G. Wasserbauer and J. E. Bowers, "Short pulse generation using Multisegment Mode-Locked Semiconductor Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186-2202 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Weber, A. G.

A. G. Weber, M. Schell, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, "Generation of single femtosecond pulses by hybrid mode-locking of a semiconductor laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2220-2229 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Welty, R.

C. Ji, R. G. Broeke, Y. Du, J. Cao, N. Chubun, P. Bjeletich, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, R. Welty, C. Reinhardt, P. L. Stephan, and S. J. B. Yoo, "Monolithically integrated InP-based photonic chip development for O-CDMA systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 66-77 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yano, Y.

H. Yokoyama, T. Shimizu, T. Ono, Y. Yano "Synchronous injection locking operation of monolithic mode-locked diode lasers," Opt. Rev. 2, 85-88 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yokoyama, H.

X. Wang, H. Yokoyama, T. Shimizu, "Synchronized harmonic frequency mode-locking with laser diodes through optical pulse train injection," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 617-619 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. Yokoyama, T. Shimizu, T. Ono, Y. Yano "Synchronous injection locking operation of monolithic mode-locked diode lasers," Opt. Rev. 2, 85-88 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, S. J. B

C. Ji, N. Chubun, R. G. Broeke, J. Cao, Y. Du, S. J. B Yoo, K.Y. Liou, J. R. Lothian, S. Vatanapradit, S. N. G. Chu, B. Patel, W. S. Hobson, and W. T. Tsang, "Synchronized transform-limited operation of 10-GHz colliding pulse mode-locked laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 625-627 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, S. J. B.

C. Ji, R. G. Broeke, Y. Du, J. Cao, N. Chubun, P. Bjeletich, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, R. Welty, C. Reinhardt, P. L. Stephan, and S. J. B. Yoo, "Monolithically integrated InP-based photonic chip development for O-CDMA systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 66-77 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yoshikuni, Y.

T. Ohno, H. Ishii, S. Matsuo, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Kondo, I. Furuta, H. Ito, and Y. Yoshikuni, "Hybrid modelocking of semiconductor ring lasers incorporating passive deep-ridge waveguides," Electron. Lett. 38, 884-885 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yu, S.

S. Yu, T. F. Krauss, and P. J. R. Laybourn, "Modelocking in large monolithic semiconductor ring lasers," Opt. Eng. 37, 1164-1168 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. P. Hohimer and G. A. Vawter, "Passive mode locking of monolithic semiconductor ring laser at 86 GHz," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1598-1600,(1993).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

T. Ohno, H. Ishii, S. Matsuo, H. Okamoto, Y. Kawaguchi, Y. Kondo, I. Furuta, H. Ito, and Y. Yoshikuni, "Hybrid modelocking of semiconductor ring lasers incorporating passive deep-ridge waveguides," Electron. Lett. 38, 884-885 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEE Proc. Optoelectron. (1)

E. A. Avrutin, J. H. Marsh, J. M. Arnold, T. F. Krauss, H. Pottinger, and R. M. De la Rue, "Analysis of harmonic (sub) THz passive mode-locking in monolithic compound cavity Fabry-Perot and ring laser diodes," IEE Proc. Optoelectron. 146,55-61 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (6)

S. Arahira, and Y. Ogawa, "Retiming and reshaping function of all-optical clock extraction at 160 Gb/s in monolithic mode-locked laser diode," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 41, 937-944 (2005.
[CrossRef]

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, S. Donati, P. J. R. Laybourn, "Operating regimes of GaAs-AlGaAs semiconductor ring lasers: experiment and model," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1187-1195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Gee, G. A. Alphonse, J. C. Connolly, C. Barty, and P. J. Delfyett, "Ultrashort pulse generation by intracavity spectral shaping and phase compensation of external-cavity modelocked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36,1035-1040 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Arahira and Y. Ogawa, "Repetition-frequency tuning of monolithic passively mode-locked semiconductor lasers with integrated extended cavities," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 255-257 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Derickson, R. J. Helkey, A. Mar, J. R. Karin, J. G. Wasserbauer and J. E. Bowers, "Short pulse generation using Multisegment Mode-Locked Semiconductor Lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186-2202 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Weber, M. Schell, G. Fischbeck, D. Bimberg, "Generation of single femtosecond pulses by hybrid mode-locking of a semiconductor laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2220-2229 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

L. A. Jiang, M. E. Grein, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, "Noise of mode-locked semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7,159-167 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Ji, R. G. Broeke, Y. Du, J. Cao, N. Chubun, P. Bjeletich, F. Olsson, S. Lourdudoss, R. Welty, C. Reinhardt, P. L. Stephan, and S. J. B. Yoo, "Monolithically integrated InP-based photonic chip development for O-CDMA systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11, 66-77 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

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Supplementary Material (2)

» Media 1: AVI (2997 KB)     
» Media 2: AVI (2763 KB)     

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Top view of two realized 15 GHz modelocked ring lasers. Electrical contacts are indicated by arrows: a) the electrical contact of the ring and the directional coupler, b) the electrical contact of the two output waveguides and c) the small electrical contact of the Saturable Absorber. The total length of the ring is 5.291 mm.

Figs. 2.
Figs. 2.

(a) and 2. (b). Measured RF spectra of the passively modelocked ring laser output (Labs=40µm, Iwg=140 mA, Iamp=389mA, Vabs=−2.0V). [Media 1]

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The intensity of the peak in the RF spectrum at the fundamental frequency as function of amplifier current and SA reverse voltage. Only peaks higher than 25 dB above the noise floor are plotted. The proper modelocking states are indicated with a color scale and the imperfect modelocking states in a grey scale. (Labs=40 µm, Iwg=140 mA).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

RF peak full linewidth in MHz at -20dB as a function of amplifier current for different values of the SA reverse bias voltage (indicated in color). (Labs=40µm, Iwg=140 mA)

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Output power levels as a function of amplifier current and SA reverse bias voltage for (a) the short output waveguide (left in Fig. 1) and (b) the long output waveguide (right in Fig. 1). In Fig. 5(c) the sum of both output powers is presented. In Fig. 5(d) the output power levels of both waveguides at a reverse bias voltage of -2.0 Volt is given to show the behavior in more detail.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Typical example of an optical spectrum in linear and dB scales of a ring laser in a modelocked state for Labs=40 µm, Iwg=140 mA Vabs=-2.0 V Iamp=374 mA. Resolution used: 0.80 pm. (2.69 MB) Movie of the evolution of the spectrum versus the amplifier current. (Labs=40 µm, Iwg=140 mA Vabs=- 2.0 V).

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Optical bandwidth (FWHM) of the laser output as a function of amplifier current and SA reverse bias voltage for the modelocked states of the laser. For Labs=40µm, Iwg=140 mA.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Autocorrelator traces of the ring laser with Labs=50µm, Iwg=145 mA VSA=-1.6V Iamp=450 mA. The shape of the peaks is caused by the highly chirped output pulses.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Repetition rate in GHz as a function of amplifier current and SA reverse bias voltage. (Labs=40 µm, Iwg=140 mA).

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

Single SideBand (SSB) phase noise spectrum corrected from the Displayed Average Noise Level (DANL). Labs=40µm, Iwg=140 mA, Iamp=369 mA, Vabs=-1.8V.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of measured timing jitter values as reported in the literature for passively modelocked FP lasers and the presented modelocked ring laser.

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