Abstract

It is reported for the first time the use of a very high speed camera in digital holographic interferometry with an out of plane sensitivity setup. The image plane holograms of a spherical latex balloon illuminated by a cw laser were acquired at a rate of 4000 frames per second, representing a time spacing between holograms of 250 microseconds, for 512×512 pixels at 8 bits resolution. Two types of tests were accomplished for a proof of principle of the technique, one with no constrains on the object which meant random movements due to non controlled environmental air currents, and the other with specific controlled conditions on the object. Results presented correspond to a random sample of sequential digital holograms, chosen from a 1 second exposure, individually Fourier processed in order to perform the usual comparison by subtraction between consecutive pairs thus obtaining the phase map of the object out of plane displacement, shown as a movie.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Fernández, A. J. Moore, C. Pérez López, A. F. Doval, and J. Blanco García, "Study of transient deformations with pulsed TV holography: application to crack detection", App. Opt. 36, 2058-2065 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. Pedrini, H. Tiziani, and Y. Zou, "Digital double pulse TV holography," Opt. Laser Eng. 26,199-219 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Z. Liu, M. Centurion, G. Panotoulos, J. Hong, D. Psaltis, "Holographic recording of fast events on a CCD camera", Opt. Let. 27,22-24 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Joenathan, B. Franze, P. Haible, and H. J. Tiziani, "Speckle interferometry with temporal phase evaluation for measuring large-object deformation," App. Opt. 37,2608-2614 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. J. Moore, DuncanP. Hand, Jim S. Barton, Julian D. C. Jones, "Transient deformation measurement with electronic speckle pattern interferometry and a high-speed camera," App. Opt. 38,1159-1162 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Davila, J. M. Huntley, G. H. Kaufmann, D. Kerr, "High-speed dynamic speckle interferometry: phase errors due to intensity, velocity, and speckle decorrelation," App. Opt. 44,3954-3962 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. Jones and C. Wykes, Holographic and Speckle Interferometry, 2nd Ed. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, (1989).
  8. KjellJ.  Gåsvik, Optical metrology, 3rd Ed. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd. The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, Wets Sussex PO 19 8SQ, England, 2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Schedin, G. Pedrini, H. J. Tiziani, and F. Mendoza Santoyo, "Simultaneous three-dimensional dynamic deformation measurements with pulsed digital holography," App. Opt. 38,7056-7062 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Takeda, H. Ina and S. Kobayashi, "Fourier-transform method of fringe-pattern analysis for computer-based topography and interferometry," J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72,156-160 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Pedrini, W. Osten, and M. E. Gusev, "High-speed digital holographic interferometry for vibration measurement," App. Opt. 45,3456-3462 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. M. Huntley and H. Saldner, "Temporal phase-unwrapping algorithm for automated interferogram analysis," App. Opt. 32,3047-3052 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. O. Saldner, J. M. Huntley, "Temporal phase unwrapping: application to surface profiling of discontinuous objects," App. Opt. 36,2770-2775 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  14. N. Demoli, I. Demoli, "Dynamic modal characterization of musical instruments using digital holography", Opt. Express 13,4812-4817 (2005). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-13-4812
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

G. Pedrini, W. Osten, and M. E. Gusev, "High-speed digital holographic interferometry for vibration measurement," App. Opt. 45,3456-3462 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

A. Davila, J. M. Huntley, G. H. Kaufmann, D. Kerr, "High-speed dynamic speckle interferometry: phase errors due to intensity, velocity, and speckle decorrelation," App. Opt. 44,3954-3962 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Demoli, I. Demoli, "Dynamic modal characterization of musical instruments using digital holography", Opt. Express 13,4812-4817 (2005). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-13-4812
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

Z. Liu, M. Centurion, G. Panotoulos, J. Hong, D. Psaltis, "Holographic recording of fast events on a CCD camera", Opt. Let. 27,22-24 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

S. Schedin, G. Pedrini, H. J. Tiziani, and F. Mendoza Santoyo, "Simultaneous three-dimensional dynamic deformation measurements with pulsed digital holography," App. Opt. 38,7056-7062 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Moore, DuncanP. Hand, Jim S. Barton, Julian D. C. Jones, "Transient deformation measurement with electronic speckle pattern interferometry and a high-speed camera," App. Opt. 38,1159-1162 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Moore, DuncanP. Hand, Jim S. Barton, Julian D. C. Jones, "Transient deformation measurement with electronic speckle pattern interferometry and a high-speed camera," App. Opt. 38,1159-1162 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

C. Joenathan, B. Franze, P. Haible, and H. J. Tiziani, "Speckle interferometry with temporal phase evaluation for measuring large-object deformation," App. Opt. 37,2608-2614 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

A. Fernández, A. J. Moore, C. Pérez López, A. F. Doval, and J. Blanco García, "Study of transient deformations with pulsed TV holography: application to crack detection", App. Opt. 36, 2058-2065 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Pedrini, H. Tiziani, and Y. Zou, "Digital double pulse TV holography," Opt. Laser Eng. 26,199-219 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. O. Saldner, J. M. Huntley, "Temporal phase unwrapping: application to surface profiling of discontinuous objects," App. Opt. 36,2770-2775 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

J. M. Huntley and H. Saldner, "Temporal phase-unwrapping algorithm for automated interferogram analysis," App. Opt. 32,3047-3052 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

Blanco García, J.

A. Fernández, A. J. Moore, C. Pérez López, A. F. Doval, and J. Blanco García, "Study of transient deformations with pulsed TV holography: application to crack detection", App. Opt. 36, 2058-2065 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Centurion, M.

Z. Liu, M. Centurion, G. Panotoulos, J. Hong, D. Psaltis, "Holographic recording of fast events on a CCD camera", Opt. Let. 27,22-24 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Davila, A.

A. Davila, J. M. Huntley, G. H. Kaufmann, D. Kerr, "High-speed dynamic speckle interferometry: phase errors due to intensity, velocity, and speckle decorrelation," App. Opt. 44,3954-3962 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Demoli, I.

Demoli, N.

Doval, A. F.

A. Fernández, A. J. Moore, C. Pérez López, A. F. Doval, and J. Blanco García, "Study of transient deformations with pulsed TV holography: application to crack detection", App. Opt. 36, 2058-2065 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Duncan, A. J.

A. J. Moore, DuncanP. Hand, Jim S. Barton, Julian D. C. Jones, "Transient deformation measurement with electronic speckle pattern interferometry and a high-speed camera," App. Opt. 38,1159-1162 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fernández, A.

A. Fernández, A. J. Moore, C. Pérez López, A. F. Doval, and J. Blanco García, "Study of transient deformations with pulsed TV holography: application to crack detection", App. Opt. 36, 2058-2065 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Franze, B.

C. Joenathan, B. Franze, P. Haible, and H. J. Tiziani, "Speckle interferometry with temporal phase evaluation for measuring large-object deformation," App. Opt. 37,2608-2614 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gusev, M. E.

G. Pedrini, W. Osten, and M. E. Gusev, "High-speed digital holographic interferometry for vibration measurement," App. Opt. 45,3456-3462 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Haible, P.

C. Joenathan, B. Franze, P. Haible, and H. J. Tiziani, "Speckle interferometry with temporal phase evaluation for measuring large-object deformation," App. Opt. 37,2608-2614 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hong, J.

Z. Liu, M. Centurion, G. Panotoulos, J. Hong, D. Psaltis, "Holographic recording of fast events on a CCD camera", Opt. Let. 27,22-24 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Huntley, J. M.

A. Davila, J. M. Huntley, G. H. Kaufmann, D. Kerr, "High-speed dynamic speckle interferometry: phase errors due to intensity, velocity, and speckle decorrelation," App. Opt. 44,3954-3962 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. O. Saldner, J. M. Huntley, "Temporal phase unwrapping: application to surface profiling of discontinuous objects," App. Opt. 36,2770-2775 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Huntley and H. Saldner, "Temporal phase-unwrapping algorithm for automated interferogram analysis," App. Opt. 32,3047-3052 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ina, H.

Joenathan, C.

C. Joenathan, B. Franze, P. Haible, and H. J. Tiziani, "Speckle interferometry with temporal phase evaluation for measuring large-object deformation," App. Opt. 37,2608-2614 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kaufmann, G. H.

A. Davila, J. M. Huntley, G. H. Kaufmann, D. Kerr, "High-speed dynamic speckle interferometry: phase errors due to intensity, velocity, and speckle decorrelation," App. Opt. 44,3954-3962 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kerr, D.

A. Davila, J. M. Huntley, G. H. Kaufmann, D. Kerr, "High-speed dynamic speckle interferometry: phase errors due to intensity, velocity, and speckle decorrelation," App. Opt. 44,3954-3962 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, S.

Liu, Z.

Z. Liu, M. Centurion, G. Panotoulos, J. Hong, D. Psaltis, "Holographic recording of fast events on a CCD camera", Opt. Let. 27,22-24 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mendoza Santoyo, F.

S. Schedin, G. Pedrini, H. J. Tiziani, and F. Mendoza Santoyo, "Simultaneous three-dimensional dynamic deformation measurements with pulsed digital holography," App. Opt. 38,7056-7062 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Moore, A. J.

A. J. Moore, DuncanP. Hand, Jim S. Barton, Julian D. C. Jones, "Transient deformation measurement with electronic speckle pattern interferometry and a high-speed camera," App. Opt. 38,1159-1162 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Fernández, A. J. Moore, C. Pérez López, A. F. Doval, and J. Blanco García, "Study of transient deformations with pulsed TV holography: application to crack detection", App. Opt. 36, 2058-2065 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Osten, W.

G. Pedrini, W. Osten, and M. E. Gusev, "High-speed digital holographic interferometry for vibration measurement," App. Opt. 45,3456-3462 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Panotoulos, G.

Z. Liu, M. Centurion, G. Panotoulos, J. Hong, D. Psaltis, "Holographic recording of fast events on a CCD camera", Opt. Let. 27,22-24 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pedrini, G.

G. Pedrini, W. Osten, and M. E. Gusev, "High-speed digital holographic interferometry for vibration measurement," App. Opt. 45,3456-3462 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Schedin, G. Pedrini, H. J. Tiziani, and F. Mendoza Santoyo, "Simultaneous three-dimensional dynamic deformation measurements with pulsed digital holography," App. Opt. 38,7056-7062 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Pedrini, H. Tiziani, and Y. Zou, "Digital double pulse TV holography," Opt. Laser Eng. 26,199-219 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pérez López, C.

A. Fernández, A. J. Moore, C. Pérez López, A. F. Doval, and J. Blanco García, "Study of transient deformations with pulsed TV holography: application to crack detection", App. Opt. 36, 2058-2065 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Psaltis, D.

Z. Liu, M. Centurion, G. Panotoulos, J. Hong, D. Psaltis, "Holographic recording of fast events on a CCD camera", Opt. Let. 27,22-24 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Saldner, H.

J. M. Huntley and H. Saldner, "Temporal phase-unwrapping algorithm for automated interferogram analysis," App. Opt. 32,3047-3052 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Saldner, H. O.

H. O. Saldner, J. M. Huntley, "Temporal phase unwrapping: application to surface profiling of discontinuous objects," App. Opt. 36,2770-2775 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schedin, S.

S. Schedin, G. Pedrini, H. J. Tiziani, and F. Mendoza Santoyo, "Simultaneous three-dimensional dynamic deformation measurements with pulsed digital holography," App. Opt. 38,7056-7062 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, M.

Tiziani, H.

G. Pedrini, H. Tiziani, and Y. Zou, "Digital double pulse TV holography," Opt. Laser Eng. 26,199-219 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tiziani, H. J.

S. Schedin, G. Pedrini, H. J. Tiziani, and F. Mendoza Santoyo, "Simultaneous three-dimensional dynamic deformation measurements with pulsed digital holography," App. Opt. 38,7056-7062 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Joenathan, B. Franze, P. Haible, and H. J. Tiziani, "Speckle interferometry with temporal phase evaluation for measuring large-object deformation," App. Opt. 37,2608-2614 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zou, Y.

G. Pedrini, H. Tiziani, and Y. Zou, "Digital double pulse TV holography," Opt. Laser Eng. 26,199-219 (1997).
[CrossRef]

App. Opt. (8)

C. Joenathan, B. Franze, P. Haible, and H. J. Tiziani, "Speckle interferometry with temporal phase evaluation for measuring large-object deformation," App. Opt. 37,2608-2614 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Moore, DuncanP. Hand, Jim S. Barton, Julian D. C. Jones, "Transient deformation measurement with electronic speckle pattern interferometry and a high-speed camera," App. Opt. 38,1159-1162 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Davila, J. M. Huntley, G. H. Kaufmann, D. Kerr, "High-speed dynamic speckle interferometry: phase errors due to intensity, velocity, and speckle decorrelation," App. Opt. 44,3954-3962 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Schedin, G. Pedrini, H. J. Tiziani, and F. Mendoza Santoyo, "Simultaneous three-dimensional dynamic deformation measurements with pulsed digital holography," App. Opt. 38,7056-7062 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Pedrini, W. Osten, and M. E. Gusev, "High-speed digital holographic interferometry for vibration measurement," App. Opt. 45,3456-3462 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Huntley and H. Saldner, "Temporal phase-unwrapping algorithm for automated interferogram analysis," App. Opt. 32,3047-3052 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. O. Saldner, J. M. Huntley, "Temporal phase unwrapping: application to surface profiling of discontinuous objects," App. Opt. 36,2770-2775 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Fernández, A. J. Moore, C. Pérez López, A. F. Doval, and J. Blanco García, "Study of transient deformations with pulsed TV holography: application to crack detection", App. Opt. 36, 2058-2065 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Laser Eng. (1)

G. Pedrini, H. Tiziani, and Y. Zou, "Digital double pulse TV holography," Opt. Laser Eng. 26,199-219 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Let. (1)

Z. Liu, M. Centurion, G. Panotoulos, J. Hong, D. Psaltis, "Holographic recording of fast events on a CCD camera", Opt. Let. 27,22-24 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

R. Jones and C. Wykes, Holographic and Speckle Interferometry, 2nd Ed. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, (1989).

KjellJ.  Gåsvik, Optical metrology, 3rd Ed. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd. The Atrium, Southern Gate, Chichester, Wets Sussex PO 19 8SQ, England, 2002).
[CrossRef]

Supplementary Material (5)

» Media 1: MPG (484 KB)     
» Media 2: MPG (1186 KB)     
» Media 3: MPG (431 KB)     
» Media 4: MPG (492 KB)     
» Media 5: MPG (1264 KB)     

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Optical set up for DHI. (BS) is a 70/30 beam splitter, (BC) is a 50/50 beam combiner, (NDF) neutral density filter, (L) lens, (A) aperture and (OBJ) is a 10X microscope objective. The object under study is a 550mm diameter latex balloon.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Four different instants showing the free motion of the balloon. a) 10.25 ms b) 10.5 ms c) 10.75 ms d) 11.0 ms. The full series of holograms are shown in a movie like format. [Media 1] [Media 2] [Media 3]

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Boundary conditions added to the object for the second test. Rubber panels keep the object static all around except the observe area.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Four different instants showing the constrained movement of the balloon. a) 60.25 ms b) 60.5 ms c) 60.75 ms d) 61.0 ms. The full series of holograms are show in a movie like format. [Media 4] [Media 5]

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I 1 ( x , y ) = 1 τ 0 τ [ a 1 ( x , y ) + b 1 ( x , y ) cos ( ψ + ϕ 1 + ϕ c ) ] d t
a 1 ( x , y ) + b 1 ( x , y ) cos ( ψ + ϕ 1 + ϕ c )
I n ( x , y ) = a n ( x , y ) + b n ( x , y ) cos ( ψ + ϕ n + ϕ c )
I n ( x , y ) = a n ( x , y ) + ( 1 2 ) b n ( x , y ) e i ( ψ + ϕ n + ϕ c ) + ( 1 2 ) b n * ( x , y ) e i ( ψ + ϕ n + ϕ c )
Δ ϕ n ( x , y ) = arctan Im ( 1 2 ) b n ( x , y ) e ( i ψ ) e ( i ϕ n ) Re ( 1 2 ) b n ( x , y ) e ( i ψ ) e ( i ϕ n )
Δ ϕ ( n , r ) ( x , y ) = ϕ n ϕ r
Δ ϕ ( n , n 1 ) ( x , y ) = ϕ n ϕ n 1

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