Abstract

An in-plane, three-port filter consisting of input/output waveguides and two point-defect cavities in a 2D PC slab is designed and fabricated, where a new feedback method is introduced, and its transmission properties are measured. The measured minimum output wavelength spacing between two channels is 1.5 nm, which is realized by slightly adjusting the size of the resonant cavities. The measured resonant wavelengths of two cavities agree well with the calculated ones and the quality factors of the cavities are almost the same. It is believed that this kind of filter may be useful in optical integrated circuits with high density.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Tokushima and H. Yamada, "Light propagation in a photonic-crystal-slab line-defect waveguide," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 753-759 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Z. Han, J. Tian, C. Ren, X. S. Xu, Z. Y. Li, B.Y. Cheng, and D. Z. Zhang, "A Y-branch photonic crystal slab waveguide with an ultrashort interport interval," Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 1934-1936 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (4)

2005 (5)

S. Z. Han, J. Tian, C. Ren, X. S. Xu, Z. Y. Li, B.Y. Cheng, and D. Z. Zhang, "A Y-branch photonic crystal slab waveguide with an ultrashort interport interval," Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 1934-1936 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Tian, S. Z. Han, B. Y. Cheng, Z. Y. Li, S. Feng, D. Z. Zhang, A. Z. Jin, "Two-dimensional silicon-based photonic crystal slab with partial air-bridge," Acta. Phys.. Sin.. 54, 1218-1221 (2005).

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, "Ultra-high-Q double-heterostructure nanocavity," Nature materials 4, 207-210 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "Fine-tuned high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Opt. Express 13, 1202-1214 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, E. Kuramochi, and M. Notomi, "Ultrasmall multi-channel resonant-tunneling filter using mode gap of width-tuned photonic-crystal waveguide," Opt. Express 13, 4202-4209 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

H. Takano, Y. Akahane, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "In-plane-type channel drop filter in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2226-2228 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, E. Kuramochi, and H-Y. Ryu, "Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs," Opt. Express 8, 1551-1561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

S. Boscolo, M. Midrio, and C. G. Someda, "Coupling and decoupling of electromagnetic waves in parallel 2D photonic crystal waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 47-53 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Tokushima and H. Yamada, "Light propagation in a photonic-crystal-slab line-defect waveguide," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 753-759 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

A. Chutinan, M. Mochizuki, M. Imada, and S. Noda, "Surface-emitting channel drop filters using single defects in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2690-2692 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751-5758 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

A. Mekis, S. Fan, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Bound states in photonic crystal waveguides and waveguide bends," Phys. Rev. B 58, 4809-4817 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and H. A. Haus, "Channel drop tunneling through localized states," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 960-963 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. John, "Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486-2489 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akahane, Y.

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, "Ultra-high-Q double-heterostructure nanocavity," Nature materials 4, 207-210 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "Fine-tuned high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Opt. Express 13, 1202-1214 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takano, Y. Akahane, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "In-plane-type channel drop filter in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2226-2228 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Asano, T.

S. Takano, B. S. Song, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Highly efficient multi-channel drop filter in a two dimensional hetero photonic crystal," Opt. Express 14, 3491-3496 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "Fine-tuned high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Opt. Express 13, 1202-1214 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, "Ultra-high-Q double-heterostructure nanocavity," Nature materials 4, 207-210 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Takano, Y. Akahane, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "In-plane-type channel drop filter in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2226-2228 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Boscolo, S.

S. Boscolo, M. Midrio, and C. G. Someda, "Coupling and decoupling of electromagnetic waves in parallel 2D photonic crystal waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 47-53 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, B. Y.

J. Tian, S. Z. Han, B. Y. Cheng, Z. Y. Li, S. Feng, D. Z. Zhang, A. Z. Jin, "Two-dimensional silicon-based photonic crystal slab with partial air-bridge," Acta. Phys.. Sin.. 54, 1218-1221 (2005).

Cheng, B.Y.

S. Z. Han, J. Tian, C. Ren, X. S. Xu, Z. Y. Li, B.Y. Cheng, and D. Z. Zhang, "A Y-branch photonic crystal slab waveguide with an ultrashort interport interval," Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 1934-1936 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chutinan, A.

A. Chutinan, M. Mochizuki, M. Imada, and S. Noda, "Surface-emitting channel drop filters using single defects in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2690-2692 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751-5758 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Mekis, S. Fan, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Bound states in photonic crystal waveguides and waveguide bends," Phys. Rev. B 58, 4809-4817 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and H. A. Haus, "Channel drop tunneling through localized states," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 960-963 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Feng, S.

J. Tian, S. Z. Han, B. Y. Cheng, Z. Y. Li, S. Feng, D. Z. Zhang, A. Z. Jin, "Two-dimensional silicon-based photonic crystal slab with partial air-bridge," Acta. Phys.. Sin.. 54, 1218-1221 (2005).

Gao, M.

Han, S. Z.

J. Tian, S. Z. Han, B. Y. Cheng, Z. Y. Li, S. Feng, D. Z. Zhang, A. Z. Jin, "Two-dimensional silicon-based photonic crystal slab with partial air-bridge," Acta. Phys.. Sin.. 54, 1218-1221 (2005).

S. Z. Han, J. Tian, C. Ren, X. S. Xu, Z. Y. Li, B.Y. Cheng, and D. Z. Zhang, "A Y-branch photonic crystal slab waveguide with an ultrashort interport interval," Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 1934-1936 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and H. A. Haus, "Channel drop tunneling through localized states," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 960-963 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hu, W.

Imada, M.

A. Chutinan, M. Mochizuki, M. Imada, and S. Noda, "Surface-emitting channel drop filters using single defects in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2690-2692 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, C.

Jin, A. Z.

J. Tian, S. Z. Han, B. Y. Cheng, Z. Y. Li, S. Feng, D. Z. Zhang, A. Z. Jin, "Two-dimensional silicon-based photonic crystal slab with partial air-bridge," Acta. Phys.. Sin.. 54, 1218-1221 (2005).

Joannopoulos, J. D.

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751-5758 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Mekis, S. Fan, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Bound states in photonic crystal waveguides and waveguide bends," Phys. Rev. B 58, 4809-4817 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and H. A. Haus, "Channel drop tunneling through localized states," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 960-963 (1998).
[CrossRef]

John, S.

S. John, "Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486-2489 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, S. G.

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751-5758 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kolodziejski, L. A.

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751-5758 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Komori, K.

Kuramochi, E.

A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, E. Kuramochi, and M. Notomi, "Ultrasmall multi-channel resonant-tunneling filter using mode gap of width-tuned photonic-crystal waveguide," Opt. Express 13, 4202-4209 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, E. Kuramochi, and H-Y. Ryu, "Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs," Opt. Express 8, 1551-1561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z. Y.

S. Z. Han, J. Tian, C. Ren, X. S. Xu, Z. Y. Li, B.Y. Cheng, and D. Z. Zhang, "A Y-branch photonic crystal slab waveguide with an ultrashort interport interval," Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 1934-1936 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Tian, S. Z. Han, B. Y. Cheng, Z. Y. Li, S. Feng, D. Z. Zhang, A. Z. Jin, "Two-dimensional silicon-based photonic crystal slab with partial air-bridge," Acta. Phys.. Sin.. 54, 1218-1221 (2005).

Mekis, A.

A. Mekis, S. Fan, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Bound states in photonic crystal waveguides and waveguide bends," Phys. Rev. B 58, 4809-4817 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Midrio, M.

S. Boscolo, M. Midrio, and C. G. Someda, "Coupling and decoupling of electromagnetic waves in parallel 2D photonic crystal waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 47-53 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mitsugi, S.

A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, E. Kuramochi, and M. Notomi, "Ultrasmall multi-channel resonant-tunneling filter using mode gap of width-tuned photonic-crystal waveguide," Opt. Express 13, 4202-4209 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, E. Kuramochi, and H-Y. Ryu, "Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs," Opt. Express 8, 1551-1561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mochizuki, M.

A. Chutinan, M. Mochizuki, M. Imada, and S. Noda, "Surface-emitting channel drop filters using single defects in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2690-2692 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Noda, S.

S. Takano, B. S. Song, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Highly efficient multi-channel drop filter in a two dimensional hetero photonic crystal," Opt. Express 14, 3491-3496 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "Fine-tuned high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity," Opt. Express 13, 1202-1214 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, "Ultra-high-Q double-heterostructure nanocavity," Nature materials 4, 207-210 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Takano, Y. Akahane, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "In-plane-type channel drop filter in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2226-2228 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Chutinan, M. Mochizuki, M. Imada, and S. Noda, "Surface-emitting channel drop filters using single defects in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2690-2692 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Notomi, M.

A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, E. Kuramochi, and M. Notomi, "Ultrasmall multi-channel resonant-tunneling filter using mode gap of width-tuned photonic-crystal waveguide," Opt. Express 13, 4202-4209 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, E. Kuramochi, and H-Y. Ryu, "Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs," Opt. Express 8, 1551-1561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, T.

Qiu, M.

Ren, C.

S. Z. Han, J. Tian, C. Ren, X. S. Xu, Z. Y. Li, B.Y. Cheng, and D. Z. Zhang, "A Y-branch photonic crystal slab waveguide with an ultrashort interport interval," Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 1934-1936 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ren, H.

Ryu, H-Y.

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, E. Kuramochi, and H-Y. Ryu, "Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs," Opt. Express 8, 1551-1561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shinya, A.

A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, E. Kuramochi, and M. Notomi, "Ultrasmall multi-channel resonant-tunneling filter using mode gap of width-tuned photonic-crystal waveguide," Opt. Express 13, 4202-4209 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, E. Kuramochi, and H-Y. Ryu, "Waveguides, resonators and their coupled elements in photonic crystal slabs," Opt. Express 8, 1551-1561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Someda, C. G.

S. Boscolo, M. Midrio, and C. G. Someda, "Coupling and decoupling of electromagnetic waves in parallel 2D photonic crystal waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 47-53 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Song, B. S.

Takano, H.

H. Takano, Y. Akahane, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "In-plane-type channel drop filter in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2226-2228 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Takano, S.

Tian, J.

J. Tian, S. Z. Han, B. Y. Cheng, Z. Y. Li, S. Feng, D. Z. Zhang, A. Z. Jin, "Two-dimensional silicon-based photonic crystal slab with partial air-bridge," Acta. Phys.. Sin.. 54, 1218-1221 (2005).

S. Z. Han, J. Tian, C. Ren, X. S. Xu, Z. Y. Li, B.Y. Cheng, and D. Z. Zhang, "A Y-branch photonic crystal slab waveguide with an ultrashort interport interval," Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 1934-1936 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tokushima, M.

M. Tokushima and H. Yamada, "Light propagation in a photonic-crystal-slab line-defect waveguide," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 753-759 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, P. R.

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751-5758 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and H. A. Haus, "Channel drop tunneling through localized states," Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 960-963 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Xu, X. S.

S. Z. Han, J. Tian, C. Ren, X. S. Xu, Z. Y. Li, B.Y. Cheng, and D. Z. Zhang, "A Y-branch photonic crystal slab waveguide with an ultrashort interport interval," Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 1934-1936 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yablonovitch, E.

E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamada, H.

M. Tokushima and H. Yamada, "Light propagation in a photonic-crystal-slab line-defect waveguide," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 753-759 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, N.

Zhang, D. Z.

S. Z. Han, J. Tian, C. Ren, X. S. Xu, Z. Y. Li, B.Y. Cheng, and D. Z. Zhang, "A Y-branch photonic crystal slab waveguide with an ultrashort interport interval," Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 1934-1936 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Tian, S. Z. Han, B. Y. Cheng, Z. Y. Li, S. Feng, D. Z. Zhang, A. Z. Jin, "Two-dimensional silicon-based photonic crystal slab with partial air-bridge," Acta. Phys.. Sin.. 54, 1218-1221 (2005).

Zhang, Z. Y.

Acta. Phys.. Sin.. (1)

J. Tian, S. Z. Han, B. Y. Cheng, Z. Y. Li, S. Feng, D. Z. Zhang, A. Z. Jin, "Two-dimensional silicon-based photonic crystal slab with partial air-bridge," Acta. Phys.. Sin.. 54, 1218-1221 (2005).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. Chutinan, M. Mochizuki, M. Imada, and S. Noda, "Surface-emitting channel drop filters using single defects in two-dimensional photonic crystal slabs," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2690-2692 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Takano, Y. Akahane, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "In-plane-type channel drop filter in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2226-2228 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Z. Han, J. Tian, C. Ren, X. S. Xu, Z. Y. Li, B.Y. Cheng, and D. Z. Zhang, "A Y-branch photonic crystal slab waveguide with an ultrashort interport interval," Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 1934-1936 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. Tokushima and H. Yamada, "Light propagation in a photonic-crystal-slab line-defect waveguide," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 753-759 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Boscolo, M. Midrio, and C. G. Someda, "Coupling and decoupling of electromagnetic waves in parallel 2D photonic crystal waveguides," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 47-53 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature materials (1)

B. S. Song, S. Noda, T. Asano, and Y. Akahane, "Ultra-high-Q double-heterostructure nanocavity," Nature materials 4, 207-210 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

A. Mekis, S. Fan, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Bound states in photonic crystal waveguides and waveguide bends," Phys. Rev. B 58, 4809-4817 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Johnson, S. Fan, P. R. Villeneuve, J. D. Joannopoulos, and L. A. Kolodziejski, "Guided modes in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 60, 5751-5758 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

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Other (1)

H. Takano, B. S. Song, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Highly efficient in-plane channel drop filter in a two-dimensional heterophotonic crystal," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 241101-1-3, (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images of the fabricated sample

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The measured transmission spectra at P2

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images of the three-port filter

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The measured transmission spectra at (a) Port1 and (b) Port2

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

TE-like transmission spectra calculated by 3D-FDTD. (a) Port1 (b) Port2

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

The dispersion relation for a line-defect waveguide and a point-defect cavity as depicted in Fig. 3

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Near-field images observed at the wavelengths of (a) 1529.5 nm (b) 1531 nm and (c) 1520 nm, respectively.

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