Abstract

We have proposed what we believe is a novel organic device pumped by an organic light-emitting diode to avoid a strong charge-induced absorption and nonradiative loss in an electrically pumped organic laser. An organic light-emitting diode was fabricated on the transparent anode substrate with a microcavity structure and driven under intense pulse voltages, and an organic film with a low threshold of amplified spontaneous emission was spin-coated on the opposite side of the substrate. Edge emission, spectral from the film, has been measured under the pulse voltages. The optical characteristics of organic films under an Nd3+: YAG laser have also been studied.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. N. Tessler, G. Denton, and R. H. Friend, "Lasing from conjugated-polymer microcavities," Nature (London) 382, 695-697 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. V. G. Kozlov, V. Bulovic, P. E. Burrows, and S. R. Forrest, "Laser action in organic semiconductor waveguide and double heterostructure devices," Nature (London) 389, 362-363 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, and Z. Bao, "Light amplification in organic thin films using cascade energy transfer," Nature (London) 389, 466-469 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, and R. E. Slusher, "Stimulated emission and lasing in dye-doped organic thin films with Forster transfer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2230-2232 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. F. Hide, M. A. Diasgarcia, B. J. Schwartz, M. R. Andersson, Q. B. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, "Semiconducting polymers: a new class of solid-sate laser materials," Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Ichikawa, Y. Tanaka, N. Suganuma, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Photopumped organic solid-state dye laser with a second-order distributed feedback cavity," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L799-L801 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N. Nagawa, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, H. Shirai, Y. Taniguchi, A. Hongo, S. Tsuji, and Y. Nakano, "Organic solid-state distributed feedback dye laser with a nonmorphological modification grating," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2641-2643 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. N. Tessler, D. J. Pinner, V. Cleave, D. S. Thomas, G. Yahioglu, P. Le. Barny, and R. H. Friend, "Pulsed excitation of low-mobility light-emitting diodes: Implication for organic lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2764-2766 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W. Yokoyama, H. Sasabe, and C. Adachi, "Carrier injection and transport of steady-state high current density exceeding 1000A/cm2 in organic thin films," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, L1353-1355 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. A. Boroumand, A. Hammiche, G. Hill, and D. G. Lidzey, "Characterizing joule heating in polymer light-emitting diodes using a scanning thermal microscope," Adv. Mater. 16, 252-56 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. I. Wilkinson, D. G. Lidzey, L. C. Palilis, R. B. Fletcher, S. J. Martin, X. H. Wang, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Enhanced performance of pulse driven small area polyfluorene light emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 171-173 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. B. Wei, M. Ichikawa, K. Furukawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "High peak luminance of molecularly dye-doped organic light-emitting diodes under intense voltage pulses," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 0445061-0445065 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. E. F. Schubert, N. E. J. Hunt, M. Micovic, R. J. Malik, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, and G. J. Zydzik, "Highly efficient light-emitting diodes with microcavities," Science 265, 943-945 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, R. H. Jordan, T. M. Miller, R. E. Slusher, and J. M. Phillips, "Physics and applications of organic microcavity light emitting diodes," J. Appl. Phys. 80,6954-6964 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Tokito, T. Tsutsui, and Y. Taga, "Microcavity organic light-emitting diodes for strongly directed pure red, green and blue emissions," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 2407-2411 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  16. B. J. Chen, X. W. Sun, K. S. Wong, and X. Hu, "Enhanced performance of tris-(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum-based organic light-emitting devices with LiF/Mg:Ag/Ag cathode," Opt. Express. 13, 26-31 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. Ichikawa, T. Tachi, M. Satsuki, S. Suga, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Gain-narrowing characteristics of fluorescent organic molecules with symmetrical or asymmetrical structures in a neat thin-film optical waveguide," J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 158, 219-221 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Ichikawa, T. Kawaguchi, K. Kobayashi, T. Miki, K. Furukawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Bipyridyl Oxadiazoles as efficient and durable electron-transporting and hole-blocking molecular materials," J. Mater. Chem. 16, 221-225 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. -H. Lu and J. C. Sturm, "Optimization of external coupling and light emission in organic light-emitting devices: modeling and experiment," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 595-604 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

M. Ichikawa, T. Kawaguchi, K. Kobayashi, T. Miki, K. Furukawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Bipyridyl Oxadiazoles as efficient and durable electron-transporting and hole-blocking molecular materials," J. Mater. Chem. 16, 221-225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

B. Wei, M. Ichikawa, K. Furukawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "High peak luminance of molecularly dye-doped organic light-emitting diodes under intense voltage pulses," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 0445061-0445065 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Chen, X. W. Sun, K. S. Wong, and X. Hu, "Enhanced performance of tris-(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum-based organic light-emitting devices with LiF/Mg:Ag/Ag cathode," Opt. Express. 13, 26-31 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

F. A. Boroumand, A. Hammiche, G. Hill, and D. G. Lidzey, "Characterizing joule heating in polymer light-emitting diodes using a scanning thermal microscope," Adv. Mater. 16, 252-56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

M. Ichikawa, T. Tachi, M. Satsuki, S. Suga, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Gain-narrowing characteristics of fluorescent organic molecules with symmetrical or asymmetrical structures in a neat thin-film optical waveguide," J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 158, 219-221 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Yokoyama, H. Sasabe, and C. Adachi, "Carrier injection and transport of steady-state high current density exceeding 1000A/cm2 in organic thin films," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, L1353-1355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

M. -H. Lu and J. C. Sturm, "Optimization of external coupling and light emission in organic light-emitting devices: modeling and experiment," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 595-604 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

M. Ichikawa, Y. Tanaka, N. Suganuma, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Photopumped organic solid-state dye laser with a second-order distributed feedback cavity," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L799-L801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. I. Wilkinson, D. G. Lidzey, L. C. Palilis, R. B. Fletcher, S. J. Martin, X. H. Wang, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Enhanced performance of pulse driven small area polyfluorene light emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 171-173 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

N. Nagawa, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, H. Shirai, Y. Taniguchi, A. Hongo, S. Tsuji, and Y. Nakano, "Organic solid-state distributed feedback dye laser with a nonmorphological modification grating," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2641-2643 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

N. Tessler, D. J. Pinner, V. Cleave, D. S. Thomas, G. Yahioglu, P. Le. Barny, and R. H. Friend, "Pulsed excitation of low-mobility light-emitting diodes: Implication for organic lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2764-2766 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Tokito, T. Tsutsui, and Y. Taga, "Microcavity organic light-emitting diodes for strongly directed pure red, green and blue emissions," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 2407-2411 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

V. G. Kozlov, V. Bulovic, P. E. Burrows, and S. R. Forrest, "Laser action in organic semiconductor waveguide and double heterostructure devices," Nature (London) 389, 362-363 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, and Z. Bao, "Light amplification in organic thin films using cascade energy transfer," Nature (London) 389, 466-469 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, and R. E. Slusher, "Stimulated emission and lasing in dye-doped organic thin films with Forster transfer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2230-2232 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

F. Hide, M. A. Diasgarcia, B. J. Schwartz, M. R. Andersson, Q. B. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, "Semiconducting polymers: a new class of solid-sate laser materials," Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. Tessler, G. Denton, and R. H. Friend, "Lasing from conjugated-polymer microcavities," Nature (London) 382, 695-697 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, R. H. Jordan, T. M. Miller, R. E. Slusher, and J. M. Phillips, "Physics and applications of organic microcavity light emitting diodes," J. Appl. Phys. 80,6954-6964 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

E. F. Schubert, N. E. J. Hunt, M. Micovic, R. J. Malik, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, and G. J. Zydzik, "Highly efficient light-emitting diodes with microcavities," Science 265, 943-945 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adachi, C.

W. Yokoyama, H. Sasabe, and C. Adachi, "Carrier injection and transport of steady-state high current density exceeding 1000A/cm2 in organic thin films," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, L1353-1355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Andersson, M. R.

F. Hide, M. A. Diasgarcia, B. J. Schwartz, M. R. Andersson, Q. B. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, "Semiconducting polymers: a new class of solid-sate laser materials," Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bao, Z.

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, and Z. Bao, "Light amplification in organic thin films using cascade energy transfer," Nature (London) 389, 466-469 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Berggren, M.

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, and R. E. Slusher, "Stimulated emission and lasing in dye-doped organic thin films with Forster transfer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2230-2232 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, and Z. Bao, "Light amplification in organic thin films using cascade energy transfer," Nature (London) 389, 466-469 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Boroumand, F. A.

F. A. Boroumand, A. Hammiche, G. Hill, and D. G. Lidzey, "Characterizing joule heating in polymer light-emitting diodes using a scanning thermal microscope," Adv. Mater. 16, 252-56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bradley, D. D. C.

C. I. Wilkinson, D. G. Lidzey, L. C. Palilis, R. B. Fletcher, S. J. Martin, X. H. Wang, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Enhanced performance of pulse driven small area polyfluorene light emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 171-173 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bulovic, V.

V. G. Kozlov, V. Bulovic, P. E. Burrows, and S. R. Forrest, "Laser action in organic semiconductor waveguide and double heterostructure devices," Nature (London) 389, 362-363 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Burrows, P. E.

V. G. Kozlov, V. Bulovic, P. E. Burrows, and S. R. Forrest, "Laser action in organic semiconductor waveguide and double heterostructure devices," Nature (London) 389, 362-363 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B. J.

B. J. Chen, X. W. Sun, K. S. Wong, and X. Hu, "Enhanced performance of tris-(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum-based organic light-emitting devices with LiF/Mg:Ag/Ag cathode," Opt. Express. 13, 26-31 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cho, A. Y.

E. F. Schubert, N. E. J. Hunt, M. Micovic, R. J. Malik, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, and G. J. Zydzik, "Highly efficient light-emitting diodes with microcavities," Science 265, 943-945 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cleave, V.

N. Tessler, D. J. Pinner, V. Cleave, D. S. Thomas, G. Yahioglu, P. Le. Barny, and R. H. Friend, "Pulsed excitation of low-mobility light-emitting diodes: Implication for organic lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2764-2766 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Denton, G.

N. Tessler, G. Denton, and R. H. Friend, "Lasing from conjugated-polymer microcavities," Nature (London) 382, 695-697 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Diasgarcia, M. A.

F. Hide, M. A. Diasgarcia, B. J. Schwartz, M. R. Andersson, Q. B. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, "Semiconducting polymers: a new class of solid-sate laser materials," Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dodabalapur, A.

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, and Z. Bao, "Light amplification in organic thin films using cascade energy transfer," Nature (London) 389, 466-469 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, and R. E. Slusher, "Stimulated emission and lasing in dye-doped organic thin films with Forster transfer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2230-2232 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, R. H. Jordan, T. M. Miller, R. E. Slusher, and J. M. Phillips, "Physics and applications of organic microcavity light emitting diodes," J. Appl. Phys. 80,6954-6964 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fletcher, R. B.

C. I. Wilkinson, D. G. Lidzey, L. C. Palilis, R. B. Fletcher, S. J. Martin, X. H. Wang, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Enhanced performance of pulse driven small area polyfluorene light emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 171-173 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Forrest, S. R.

V. G. Kozlov, V. Bulovic, P. E. Burrows, and S. R. Forrest, "Laser action in organic semiconductor waveguide and double heterostructure devices," Nature (London) 389, 362-363 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Friend, R. H.

N. Tessler, G. Denton, and R. H. Friend, "Lasing from conjugated-polymer microcavities," Nature (London) 382, 695-697 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Furukawa, K.

M. Ichikawa, T. Kawaguchi, K. Kobayashi, T. Miki, K. Furukawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Bipyridyl Oxadiazoles as efficient and durable electron-transporting and hole-blocking molecular materials," J. Mater. Chem. 16, 221-225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Wei, M. Ichikawa, K. Furukawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "High peak luminance of molecularly dye-doped organic light-emitting diodes under intense voltage pulses," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 0445061-0445065 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hammiche, A.

F. A. Boroumand, A. Hammiche, G. Hill, and D. G. Lidzey, "Characterizing joule heating in polymer light-emitting diodes using a scanning thermal microscope," Adv. Mater. 16, 252-56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Heeger, A. J.

F. Hide, M. A. Diasgarcia, B. J. Schwartz, M. R. Andersson, Q. B. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, "Semiconducting polymers: a new class of solid-sate laser materials," Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hide, F.

F. Hide, M. A. Diasgarcia, B. J. Schwartz, M. R. Andersson, Q. B. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, "Semiconducting polymers: a new class of solid-sate laser materials," Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hill, G.

F. A. Boroumand, A. Hammiche, G. Hill, and D. G. Lidzey, "Characterizing joule heating in polymer light-emitting diodes using a scanning thermal microscope," Adv. Mater. 16, 252-56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hongo, A.

N. Nagawa, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, H. Shirai, Y. Taniguchi, A. Hongo, S. Tsuji, and Y. Nakano, "Organic solid-state distributed feedback dye laser with a nonmorphological modification grating," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2641-2643 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hu, X.

B. J. Chen, X. W. Sun, K. S. Wong, and X. Hu, "Enhanced performance of tris-(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum-based organic light-emitting devices with LiF/Mg:Ag/Ag cathode," Opt. Express. 13, 26-31 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hunt, N. E. J.

E. F. Schubert, N. E. J. Hunt, M. Micovic, R. J. Malik, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, and G. J. Zydzik, "Highly efficient light-emitting diodes with microcavities," Science 265, 943-945 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ichikawa, M.

M. Ichikawa, T. Kawaguchi, K. Kobayashi, T. Miki, K. Furukawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Bipyridyl Oxadiazoles as efficient and durable electron-transporting and hole-blocking molecular materials," J. Mater. Chem. 16, 221-225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Wei, M. Ichikawa, K. Furukawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "High peak luminance of molecularly dye-doped organic light-emitting diodes under intense voltage pulses," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 0445061-0445065 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Ichikawa, T. Tachi, M. Satsuki, S. Suga, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Gain-narrowing characteristics of fluorescent organic molecules with symmetrical or asymmetrical structures in a neat thin-film optical waveguide," J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 158, 219-221 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Ichikawa, Y. Tanaka, N. Suganuma, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Photopumped organic solid-state dye laser with a second-order distributed feedback cavity," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L799-L801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Nagawa, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, H. Shirai, Y. Taniguchi, A. Hongo, S. Tsuji, and Y. Nakano, "Organic solid-state distributed feedback dye laser with a nonmorphological modification grating," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2641-2643 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jordan, R. H.

A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, R. H. Jordan, T. M. Miller, R. E. Slusher, and J. M. Phillips, "Physics and applications of organic microcavity light emitting diodes," J. Appl. Phys. 80,6954-6964 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kawaguchi, T.

M. Ichikawa, T. Kawaguchi, K. Kobayashi, T. Miki, K. Furukawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Bipyridyl Oxadiazoles as efficient and durable electron-transporting and hole-blocking molecular materials," J. Mater. Chem. 16, 221-225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, K.

M. Ichikawa, T. Kawaguchi, K. Kobayashi, T. Miki, K. Furukawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Bipyridyl Oxadiazoles as efficient and durable electron-transporting and hole-blocking molecular materials," J. Mater. Chem. 16, 221-225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Koyama, T.

M. Ichikawa, T. Kawaguchi, K. Kobayashi, T. Miki, K. Furukawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Bipyridyl Oxadiazoles as efficient and durable electron-transporting and hole-blocking molecular materials," J. Mater. Chem. 16, 221-225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Wei, M. Ichikawa, K. Furukawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "High peak luminance of molecularly dye-doped organic light-emitting diodes under intense voltage pulses," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 0445061-0445065 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Ichikawa, T. Tachi, M. Satsuki, S. Suga, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Gain-narrowing characteristics of fluorescent organic molecules with symmetrical or asymmetrical structures in a neat thin-film optical waveguide," J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 158, 219-221 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Ichikawa, Y. Tanaka, N. Suganuma, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Photopumped organic solid-state dye laser with a second-order distributed feedback cavity," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L799-L801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Nagawa, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, H. Shirai, Y. Taniguchi, A. Hongo, S. Tsuji, and Y. Nakano, "Organic solid-state distributed feedback dye laser with a nonmorphological modification grating," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2641-2643 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kozlov, V. G.

V. G. Kozlov, V. Bulovic, P. E. Burrows, and S. R. Forrest, "Laser action in organic semiconductor waveguide and double heterostructure devices," Nature (London) 389, 362-363 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Le, P.

N. Tessler, D. J. Pinner, V. Cleave, D. S. Thomas, G. Yahioglu, P. Le. Barny, and R. H. Friend, "Pulsed excitation of low-mobility light-emitting diodes: Implication for organic lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2764-2766 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lidzey, D. G.

F. A. Boroumand, A. Hammiche, G. Hill, and D. G. Lidzey, "Characterizing joule heating in polymer light-emitting diodes using a scanning thermal microscope," Adv. Mater. 16, 252-56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. I. Wilkinson, D. G. Lidzey, L. C. Palilis, R. B. Fletcher, S. J. Martin, X. H. Wang, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Enhanced performance of pulse driven small area polyfluorene light emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 171-173 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lu, M. -H.

M. -H. Lu and J. C. Sturm, "Optimization of external coupling and light emission in organic light-emitting devices: modeling and experiment," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 595-604 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Malik, R. J.

E. F. Schubert, N. E. J. Hunt, M. Micovic, R. J. Malik, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, and G. J. Zydzik, "Highly efficient light-emitting diodes with microcavities," Science 265, 943-945 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martin, S. J.

C. I. Wilkinson, D. G. Lidzey, L. C. Palilis, R. B. Fletcher, S. J. Martin, X. H. Wang, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Enhanced performance of pulse driven small area polyfluorene light emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 171-173 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Micovic, M.

E. F. Schubert, N. E. J. Hunt, M. Micovic, R. J. Malik, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, and G. J. Zydzik, "Highly efficient light-emitting diodes with microcavities," Science 265, 943-945 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miki, T.

M. Ichikawa, T. Kawaguchi, K. Kobayashi, T. Miki, K. Furukawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Bipyridyl Oxadiazoles as efficient and durable electron-transporting and hole-blocking molecular materials," J. Mater. Chem. 16, 221-225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Miller, T. M.

A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, R. H. Jordan, T. M. Miller, R. E. Slusher, and J. M. Phillips, "Physics and applications of organic microcavity light emitting diodes," J. Appl. Phys. 80,6954-6964 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nagawa, N.

N. Nagawa, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, H. Shirai, Y. Taniguchi, A. Hongo, S. Tsuji, and Y. Nakano, "Organic solid-state distributed feedback dye laser with a nonmorphological modification grating," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2641-2643 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nakano, Y.

N. Nagawa, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, H. Shirai, Y. Taniguchi, A. Hongo, S. Tsuji, and Y. Nakano, "Organic solid-state distributed feedback dye laser with a nonmorphological modification grating," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2641-2643 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Palilis, L. C.

C. I. Wilkinson, D. G. Lidzey, L. C. Palilis, R. B. Fletcher, S. J. Martin, X. H. Wang, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Enhanced performance of pulse driven small area polyfluorene light emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 171-173 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pei, Q. B.

F. Hide, M. A. Diasgarcia, B. J. Schwartz, M. R. Andersson, Q. B. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, "Semiconducting polymers: a new class of solid-sate laser materials," Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, J. M.

A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, R. H. Jordan, T. M. Miller, R. E. Slusher, and J. M. Phillips, "Physics and applications of organic microcavity light emitting diodes," J. Appl. Phys. 80,6954-6964 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pinner, D. J.

N. Tessler, D. J. Pinner, V. Cleave, D. S. Thomas, G. Yahioglu, P. Le. Barny, and R. H. Friend, "Pulsed excitation of low-mobility light-emitting diodes: Implication for organic lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2764-2766 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rothberg, L. J.

A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, R. H. Jordan, T. M. Miller, R. E. Slusher, and J. M. Phillips, "Physics and applications of organic microcavity light emitting diodes," J. Appl. Phys. 80,6954-6964 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sasabe, H.

W. Yokoyama, H. Sasabe, and C. Adachi, "Carrier injection and transport of steady-state high current density exceeding 1000A/cm2 in organic thin films," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, L1353-1355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Satsuki, M.

M. Ichikawa, T. Tachi, M. Satsuki, S. Suga, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Gain-narrowing characteristics of fluorescent organic molecules with symmetrical or asymmetrical structures in a neat thin-film optical waveguide," J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 158, 219-221 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schubert, E. F.

E. F. Schubert, N. E. J. Hunt, M. Micovic, R. J. Malik, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, and G. J. Zydzik, "Highly efficient light-emitting diodes with microcavities," Science 265, 943-945 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schwartz, B. J.

F. Hide, M. A. Diasgarcia, B. J. Schwartz, M. R. Andersson, Q. B. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, "Semiconducting polymers: a new class of solid-sate laser materials," Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shirai, H.

N. Nagawa, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, H. Shirai, Y. Taniguchi, A. Hongo, S. Tsuji, and Y. Nakano, "Organic solid-state distributed feedback dye laser with a nonmorphological modification grating," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2641-2643 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sivco, D. L.

E. F. Schubert, N. E. J. Hunt, M. Micovic, R. J. Malik, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, and G. J. Zydzik, "Highly efficient light-emitting diodes with microcavities," Science 265, 943-945 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Slusher, R. E.

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, and Z. Bao, "Light amplification in organic thin films using cascade energy transfer," Nature (London) 389, 466-469 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, and R. E. Slusher, "Stimulated emission and lasing in dye-doped organic thin films with Forster transfer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2230-2232 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, R. H. Jordan, T. M. Miller, R. E. Slusher, and J. M. Phillips, "Physics and applications of organic microcavity light emitting diodes," J. Appl. Phys. 80,6954-6964 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sturm, J. C.

M. -H. Lu and J. C. Sturm, "Optimization of external coupling and light emission in organic light-emitting devices: modeling and experiment," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 595-604 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Suga, S.

M. Ichikawa, T. Tachi, M. Satsuki, S. Suga, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Gain-narrowing characteristics of fluorescent organic molecules with symmetrical or asymmetrical structures in a neat thin-film optical waveguide," J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 158, 219-221 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Suganuma, N.

M. Ichikawa, Y. Tanaka, N. Suganuma, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Photopumped organic solid-state dye laser with a second-order distributed feedback cavity," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L799-L801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sun, X. W.

B. J. Chen, X. W. Sun, K. S. Wong, and X. Hu, "Enhanced performance of tris-(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum-based organic light-emitting devices with LiF/Mg:Ag/Ag cathode," Opt. Express. 13, 26-31 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tachi, T.

M. Ichikawa, T. Tachi, M. Satsuki, S. Suga, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Gain-narrowing characteristics of fluorescent organic molecules with symmetrical or asymmetrical structures in a neat thin-film optical waveguide," J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 158, 219-221 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Taga, Y.

S. Tokito, T. Tsutsui, and Y. Taga, "Microcavity organic light-emitting diodes for strongly directed pure red, green and blue emissions," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 2407-2411 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, Y.

M. Ichikawa, Y. Tanaka, N. Suganuma, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Photopumped organic solid-state dye laser with a second-order distributed feedback cavity," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L799-L801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Taniguchi, Y.

M. Ichikawa, T. Kawaguchi, K. Kobayashi, T. Miki, K. Furukawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Bipyridyl Oxadiazoles as efficient and durable electron-transporting and hole-blocking molecular materials," J. Mater. Chem. 16, 221-225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Wei, M. Ichikawa, K. Furukawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "High peak luminance of molecularly dye-doped organic light-emitting diodes under intense voltage pulses," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 0445061-0445065 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Ichikawa, T. Tachi, M. Satsuki, S. Suga, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Gain-narrowing characteristics of fluorescent organic molecules with symmetrical or asymmetrical structures in a neat thin-film optical waveguide," J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 158, 219-221 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Ichikawa, Y. Tanaka, N. Suganuma, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Photopumped organic solid-state dye laser with a second-order distributed feedback cavity," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L799-L801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

N. Nagawa, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, H. Shirai, Y. Taniguchi, A. Hongo, S. Tsuji, and Y. Nakano, "Organic solid-state distributed feedback dye laser with a nonmorphological modification grating," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2641-2643 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tessler, N.

N. Tessler, D. J. Pinner, V. Cleave, D. S. Thomas, G. Yahioglu, P. Le. Barny, and R. H. Friend, "Pulsed excitation of low-mobility light-emitting diodes: Implication for organic lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2764-2766 (1999).
[CrossRef]

N. Tessler, G. Denton, and R. H. Friend, "Lasing from conjugated-polymer microcavities," Nature (London) 382, 695-697 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, D. S.

N. Tessler, D. J. Pinner, V. Cleave, D. S. Thomas, G. Yahioglu, P. Le. Barny, and R. H. Friend, "Pulsed excitation of low-mobility light-emitting diodes: Implication for organic lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2764-2766 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tokito, S.

S. Tokito, T. Tsutsui, and Y. Taga, "Microcavity organic light-emitting diodes for strongly directed pure red, green and blue emissions," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 2407-2411 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tsuji, S.

N. Nagawa, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, H. Shirai, Y. Taniguchi, A. Hongo, S. Tsuji, and Y. Nakano, "Organic solid-state distributed feedback dye laser with a nonmorphological modification grating," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2641-2643 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tsutsui, T.

S. Tokito, T. Tsutsui, and Y. Taga, "Microcavity organic light-emitting diodes for strongly directed pure red, green and blue emissions," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 2407-2411 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. H.

C. I. Wilkinson, D. G. Lidzey, L. C. Palilis, R. B. Fletcher, S. J. Martin, X. H. Wang, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Enhanced performance of pulse driven small area polyfluorene light emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 171-173 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wei, B.

B. Wei, M. Ichikawa, K. Furukawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "High peak luminance of molecularly dye-doped organic light-emitting diodes under intense voltage pulses," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 0445061-0445065 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wilkinson, C. I.

C. I. Wilkinson, D. G. Lidzey, L. C. Palilis, R. B. Fletcher, S. J. Martin, X. H. Wang, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Enhanced performance of pulse driven small area polyfluorene light emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 171-173 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wong, K. S.

B. J. Chen, X. W. Sun, K. S. Wong, and X. Hu, "Enhanced performance of tris-(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum-based organic light-emitting devices with LiF/Mg:Ag/Ag cathode," Opt. Express. 13, 26-31 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yahioglu, G.

N. Tessler, D. J. Pinner, V. Cleave, D. S. Thomas, G. Yahioglu, P. Le. Barny, and R. H. Friend, "Pulsed excitation of low-mobility light-emitting diodes: Implication for organic lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2764-2766 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yokoyama, W.

W. Yokoyama, H. Sasabe, and C. Adachi, "Carrier injection and transport of steady-state high current density exceeding 1000A/cm2 in organic thin films," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, L1353-1355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zydzik, G. J.

E. F. Schubert, N. E. J. Hunt, M. Micovic, R. J. Malik, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, and G. J. Zydzik, "Highly efficient light-emitting diodes with microcavities," Science 265, 943-945 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (1)

F. A. Boroumand, A. Hammiche, G. Hill, and D. G. Lidzey, "Characterizing joule heating in polymer light-emitting diodes using a scanning thermal microscope," Adv. Mater. 16, 252-56 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

C. I. Wilkinson, D. G. Lidzey, L. C. Palilis, R. B. Fletcher, S. J. Martin, X. H. Wang, and D. D. C. Bradley, "Enhanced performance of pulse driven small area polyfluorene light emitting diodes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 171-173 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, and R. E. Slusher, "Stimulated emission and lasing in dye-doped organic thin films with Forster transfer," Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2230-2232 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. Nagawa, M. Ichikawa, T. Koyama, H. Shirai, Y. Taniguchi, A. Hongo, S. Tsuji, and Y. Nakano, "Organic solid-state distributed feedback dye laser with a nonmorphological modification grating," Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2641-2643 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Tessler, D. J. Pinner, V. Cleave, D. S. Thomas, G. Yahioglu, P. Le. Barny, and R. H. Friend, "Pulsed excitation of low-mobility light-emitting diodes: Implication for organic lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 74, 2764-2766 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (4)

A. Dodabalapur, L. J. Rothberg, R. H. Jordan, T. M. Miller, R. E. Slusher, and J. M. Phillips, "Physics and applications of organic microcavity light emitting diodes," J. Appl. Phys. 80,6954-6964 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Tokito, T. Tsutsui, and Y. Taga, "Microcavity organic light-emitting diodes for strongly directed pure red, green and blue emissions," J. Appl. Phys. 86, 2407-2411 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. -H. Lu and J. C. Sturm, "Optimization of external coupling and light emission in organic light-emitting devices: modeling and experiment," J. Appl. Phys. 91, 595-604 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Wei, M. Ichikawa, K. Furukawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "High peak luminance of molecularly dye-doped organic light-emitting diodes under intense voltage pulses," J. Appl. Phys. 98, 0445061-0445065 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

M. Ichikawa, T. Kawaguchi, K. Kobayashi, T. Miki, K. Furukawa, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Bipyridyl Oxadiazoles as efficient and durable electron-transporting and hole-blocking molecular materials," J. Mater. Chem. 16, 221-225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Photochem. Photobiol. A (1)

M. Ichikawa, T. Tachi, M. Satsuki, S. Suga, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Gain-narrowing characteristics of fluorescent organic molecules with symmetrical or asymmetrical structures in a neat thin-film optical waveguide," J. Photochem. Photobiol. A 158, 219-221 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

M. Ichikawa, Y. Tanaka, N. Suganuma, T. Koyama, and Y. Taniguchi, "Photopumped organic solid-state dye laser with a second-order distributed feedback cavity," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40, L799-L801 (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. Yokoyama, H. Sasabe, and C. Adachi, "Carrier injection and transport of steady-state high current density exceeding 1000A/cm2 in organic thin films," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42, L1353-1355 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London) (3)

N. Tessler, G. Denton, and R. H. Friend, "Lasing from conjugated-polymer microcavities," Nature (London) 382, 695-697 (1996).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Kozlov, V. Bulovic, P. E. Burrows, and S. R. Forrest, "Laser action in organic semiconductor waveguide and double heterostructure devices," Nature (London) 389, 362-363 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Berggren, A. Dodabalapur, R. E. Slusher, and Z. Bao, "Light amplification in organic thin films using cascade energy transfer," Nature (London) 389, 466-469 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express. (1)

B. J. Chen, X. W. Sun, K. S. Wong, and X. Hu, "Enhanced performance of tris-(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminum-based organic light-emitting devices with LiF/Mg:Ag/Ag cathode," Opt. Express. 13, 26-31 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (2)

F. Hide, M. A. Diasgarcia, B. J. Schwartz, M. R. Andersson, Q. B. Pei, and A. J. Heeger, "Semiconducting polymers: a new class of solid-sate laser materials," Science 273, 1833-1836 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. F. Schubert, N. E. J. Hunt, M. Micovic, R. J. Malik, D. L. Sivco, A. Y. Cho, and G. J. Zydzik, "Highly efficient light-emitting diodes with microcavities," Science 265, 943-945 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of OLED-pumped organic solid laser (a) and chemical structure material (b) used in the study. QWS is quarter wavelength stacks.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Electroluminescence spectrum from MOLED (dotted curve) and absorption spectrum of films, DCM2 (open diamonds), Py580 (open squares), and Py597 (open triangles).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Surface emission spectrum from OLED-pumped organic films for different organic films: DCM2 (open squares), Py597 (open diamonds), Py580 (open circles), and mixed film of DCM2 and Py580 (line).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Edge emission spectrum from OLED-pumped organic films for different organic films, DCM2 (open diamonds), Py597 (line), Py580 (open squares) and mixed film of DCM2 and Py580 (open triangles).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

ASE spectrum of DCM2 pumped by YAG laser. Inset is peak intensity as a function of pumped power density from YAG laser.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Fabrication Conditions for the Organic Films Used in this Study

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

W = π L K m λ 1 λ 2 k ( λ ) d λ λ 1 λ 2 k ( λ ) V ( λ ) d , λ
λ DFB = λ Bragg + δ λ ,
λ Bragg = n eff · 2 Λ m ,

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