Abstract

Silica nanowires provide strong mode confinement in a cylindrical silica-core/air-cladding geometry and serve a model system for studying nonlinear propagation of short optical pulses inside fibers. We report on the fiber diameter dependence of the supercontinuum generated by femtosecond laser pulses in silica fiber tapers with average diameters in the range of 200 nm to 1200 nm. We observe a strong diameter-dependence of the spectral broadening, which can be attributed to the fiber’s diameter-dependent dispersion and nonlinearity. The short interaction length (less than 20 mm) and the low energy threshold for supercontinuum generation (about 1 nJ) make tapered fibers with diameters between 400 nm and 800 nm an ideal source of coherent white-light source in nanophotonics.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (3)

M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B 81, 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. C. Magi, H. C. Nguyen, and B. J. Eggleton, "Air-hole collapse and mode transitions in microstructured fiber photonic wires," Opt. Express 13, 453-459 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Tong, J. Lou, Z. Ye, G. T. Svacha, and E. Mazur, "Self-modulated taper drawing of silica nanowires," Nanotechnology 16, 1445 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (9)

M. Sumetsky, Y. Dulashko, and A. Hale, "Fabrication and study of bent and coiled free silica nanowires: Self-coupling microloop optical interferometer," Opt. Express 12, 3521-3531 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, K. D. Moll, and A. L. Gaeta, "Optimal waveguide dimensions for nonlinear interactions," Opt. Express 12, 2880-2887 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Brambilla, V. Finazzi, and D. J. Richardson, "Ultra-low-loss optical fiber nanotapers," Opt. Express 12, 2258-2263 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, and E. Mazur, "Single-mode guiding properties of subwavelength-diameter silica and silicon wire waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 1025-1035 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. K. Lize, E. C. Magi, V. G. Ta'eed, J. A. Bolger, P. Steinvurzel, and B. J. Eggleton, "Microstructured optical fiber photonic wires with subwavelength core diameter," Opt. Express 12, 3209-3217 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, and A. L. Gaeta, "Ultra-low threshold supercontinuum generation in sub-wavelength waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 3137-3143 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Leon-Saval, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. J. Russell, and M. W. Mason, "Supercontinuum generation in submicron fibre waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 2864-2869 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Cristiani, R. Tediosi, L. Tartara, and V. Degiorgio, "Dispersive wave generation by solitons in microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Express 12, 124-135 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Sakamaki, M. Nakao, M. Naganuma, and M. Izutsu, "Soliton induced supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 876-884 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Turke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, "Characteristics of supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 77, 245-251 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Tartara, I. Cristiani, and V. Degiorgio, "Blue light and infrared continuum generation by soliton fission in a microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 307-311 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (3)

2001 (1)

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, "Compact broadband continuum source based on microchip laser pumped microstructured fibre," Electron. Lett. 37, 558-560 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1993 (1)

1970 (1)

R. R. Alfano, and S. L. Shapiro, "Emission In Region 4000 To 7000 A Via 4-Photon Coupling In Glass," Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 584-587 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Alfano, R. R.

R. R. Alfano, and S. L. Shapiro, "Emission In Region 4000 To 7000 A Via 4-Photon Coupling In Glass," Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 584-587 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Ashcom, J. B.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atkin, D. M.

Birks, T. A.

Bolger, J. A.

Brambilla, G.

Bures, J.

Cao, Q.

M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B 81, 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chau, A. H. L.

Coen, S.

Cristiani, I.

I. Cristiani, R. Tediosi, L. Tartara, and V. Degiorgio, "Dispersive wave generation by solitons in microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Express 12, 124-135 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Tartara, I. Cristiani, and V. Degiorgio, "Blue light and infrared continuum generation by soliton fission in a microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 307-311 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Degiorgio, V.

I. Cristiani, R. Tediosi, L. Tartara, and V. Degiorgio, "Dispersive wave generation by solitons in microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Express 12, 124-135 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Tartara, I. Cristiani, and V. Degiorgio, "Blue light and infrared continuum generation by soliton fission in a microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 307-311 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dudley, J. M.

M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B 81, 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Dudley, L. Provino, N. Grossard, H. Maillotte, R. S. Windeler, B. J. Eggleton, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in air-silica microstructured fibers with nanosecond and femtosecond pulse pumping," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 765-771 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, "Compact broadband continuum source based on microchip laser pumped microstructured fibre," Electron. Lett. 37, 558-560 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dulashko, Y.

Dumais, P.

Eggleton, B. J.

Finazzi, V.

Foster, M. A.

M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B 81, 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, K. D. Moll, and A. L. Gaeta, "Optimal waveguide dimensions for nonlinear interactions," Opt. Express 12, 2880-2887 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, and A. L. Gaeta, "Ultra-low threshold supercontinuum generation in sub-wavelength waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 3137-3143 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Franke, K.

J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Turke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, "Characteristics of supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 77, 245-251 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B 81, 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, K. D. Moll, and A. L. Gaeta, "Optimal waveguide dimensions for nonlinear interactions," Opt. Express 12, 2880-2887 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, and A. L. Gaeta, "Ultra-low threshold supercontinuum generation in sub-wavelength waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 3137-3143 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gattass, R. R.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giessen, H.

J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Turke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, "Characteristics of supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 77, 245-251 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gonthier, F.

Griebner, U.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grossard, N.

J. M. Dudley, L. Provino, N. Grossard, H. Maillotte, R. S. Windeler, B. J. Eggleton, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in air-silica microstructured fibers with nanosecond and femtosecond pulse pumping," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 765-771 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, "Compact broadband continuum source based on microchip laser pumped microstructured fibre," Electron. Lett. 37, 558-560 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hale, A.

Harvey, J. D.

He, S. L.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herrmann, J.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Husakou, A.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Izutsu, M.

K. Sakamaki, M. Nakao, M. Naganuma, and M. Izutsu, "Soliton induced supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 876-884 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kibler, B.

M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B 81, 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Knox, W. H.

Korn, G.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lacroix, S.

Lee, D.

M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B 81, 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Leonhardt, R.

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Leuschner, M.

J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Turke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, "Characteristics of supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 77, 245-251 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lize, Y. K.

Lou, J.

L. Tong, J. Lou, Z. Ye, G. T. Svacha, and E. Mazur, "Self-modulated taper drawing of silica nanowires," Nanotechnology 16, 1445 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lou, J. Y.

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, and E. Mazur, "Single-mode guiding properties of subwavelength-diameter silica and silicon wire waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 1025-1035 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, F.

Magi, E. C.

Maillotte, H.

J. M. Dudley, L. Provino, N. Grossard, H. Maillotte, R. S. Windeler, B. J. Eggleton, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in air-silica microstructured fibers with nanosecond and femtosecond pulse pumping," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 765-771 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, "Compact broadband continuum source based on microchip laser pumped microstructured fibre," Electron. Lett. 37, 558-560 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mason, M. W.

Maxwell, I.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mazur, E.

L. Tong, J. Lou, Z. Ye, G. T. Svacha, and E. Mazur, "Self-modulated taper drawing of silica nanowires," Nanotechnology 16, 1445 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, and E. Mazur, "Single-mode guiding properties of subwavelength-diameter silica and silicon wire waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 1025-1035 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meiser, D.

J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Turke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, "Characteristics of supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 77, 245-251 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Moll, K. D.

Naganuma, M.

K. Sakamaki, M. Nakao, M. Naganuma, and M. Izutsu, "Soliton induced supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 876-884 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nakao, M.

K. Sakamaki, M. Nakao, M. Naganuma, and M. Izutsu, "Soliton induced supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 876-884 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, H. C.

Nickel, D.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Provino, L.

J. M. Dudley, L. Provino, N. Grossard, H. Maillotte, R. S. Windeler, B. J. Eggleton, and S. Coen, "Supercontinuum generation in air-silica microstructured fibers with nanosecond and femtosecond pulse pumping," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 765-771 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, "Compact broadband continuum source based on microchip laser pumped microstructured fibre," Electron. Lett. 37, 558-560 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ranka, J. K.

Richardson, D. J.

Russell, P. S.

Russell, P. S. J.

Sakamaki, K.

K. Sakamaki, M. Nakao, M. Naganuma, and M. Izutsu, "Soliton induced supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 876-884 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shapiro, S. L.

R. R. Alfano, and S. L. Shapiro, "Emission In Region 4000 To 7000 A Via 4-Photon Coupling In Glass," Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 584-587 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Shen, M. Y.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stegeman, G. I.

Steinvurzel, P.

Stentz, A. J.

Sumetsky, M.

Svacha, G. T.

L. Tong, J. Lou, Z. Ye, G. T. Svacha, and E. Mazur, "Self-modulated taper drawing of silica nanowires," Nanotechnology 16, 1445 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ta'eed, V. G.

Tartara, L.

I. Cristiani, R. Tediosi, L. Tartara, and V. Degiorgio, "Dispersive wave generation by solitons in microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Express 12, 124-135 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Tartara, I. Cristiani, and V. Degiorgio, "Blue light and infrared continuum generation by soliton fission in a microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 307-311 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tediosi, R.

Teipel, J.

J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Turke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, "Characteristics of supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 77, 245-251 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tong, L.

L. Tong, J. Lou, Z. Ye, G. T. Svacha, and E. Mazur, "Self-modulated taper drawing of silica nanowires," Nanotechnology 16, 1445 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tong, L. M.

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, and E. Mazur, "Single-mode guiding properties of subwavelength-diameter silica and silicon wire waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 1025-1035 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trebino, R.

M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B 81, 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Turke, D.

J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Turke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, "Characteristics of supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 77, 245-251 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, A.

Wadsworth, W. J.

Warken, F.

J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Turke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, "Characteristics of supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 77, 245-251 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wigley, P. G. J.

Windeler, R. S.

Ye, Z.

L. Tong, J. Lou, Z. Ye, G. T. Svacha, and E. Mazur, "Self-modulated taper drawing of silica nanowires," Nanotechnology 16, 1445 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhavoronkov, N.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (3)

M. A. Foster, J. M. Dudley, B. Kibler, Q. Cao, D. Lee, R. Trebino, and A. L. Gaeta, "Nonlinear pulse propagation and supercontinuum generation in photonic nanowires: experiment and simulation," Appl. Phys. B 81, 363-367 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Tartara, I. Cristiani, and V. Degiorgio, "Blue light and infrared continuum generation by soliton fission in a microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. B 77, 307-311 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Teipel, K. Franke, D. Turke, F. Warken, D. Meiser, M. Leuschner, and H. Giessen, "Characteristics of supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers using femtosecond laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 77, 245-251 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, "Compact broadband continuum source based on microchip laser pumped microstructured fibre," Electron. Lett. 37, 558-560 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Sakamaki, M. Nakao, M. Naganuma, and M. Izutsu, "Soliton induced supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 876-884 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Nanotechnology (1)

L. Tong, J. Lou, Z. Ye, G. T. Svacha, and E. Mazur, "Self-modulated taper drawing of silica nanowires," Nanotechnology 16, 1445 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, "Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding," Nature 426, 816-819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (9)

G. Brambilla, V. Finazzi, and D. J. Richardson, "Ultra-low-loss optical fiber nanotapers," Opt. Express 12, 2258-2263 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. M. Tong, J. Y. Lou, and E. Mazur, "Single-mode guiding properties of subwavelength-diameter silica and silicon wire waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 1025-1035 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sumetsky, Y. Dulashko, and A. Hale, "Fabrication and study of bent and coiled free silica nanowires: Self-coupling microloop optical interferometer," Opt. Express 12, 3521-3531 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, K. D. Moll, and A. L. Gaeta, "Optimal waveguide dimensions for nonlinear interactions," Opt. Express 12, 2880-2887 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. K. Lize, E. C. Magi, V. G. Ta'eed, J. A. Bolger, P. Steinvurzel, and B. J. Eggleton, "Microstructured optical fiber photonic wires with subwavelength core diameter," Opt. Express 12, 3209-3217 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, and A. L. Gaeta, "Ultra-low threshold supercontinuum generation in sub-wavelength waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 3137-3143 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Leon-Saval, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. J. Russell, and M. W. Mason, "Supercontinuum generation in submicron fibre waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 2864-2869 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. C. Magi, H. C. Nguyen, and B. J. Eggleton, "Air-hole collapse and mode transitions in microstructured fiber photonic wires," Opt. Express 13, 453-459 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Cristiani, R. Tediosi, L. Tartara, and V. Degiorgio, "Dispersive wave generation by solitons in microstructured optical fibers," Opt. Express 12, 124-135 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

R. R. Alfano, and S. L. Shapiro, "Emission In Region 4000 To 7000 A Via 4-Photon Coupling In Glass," Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 584-587 (1970).
[CrossRef]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. S. J. Russell, and G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

R. R. Alfano, The Supercontinuum laser source (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1989).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear fiber optics (Academic Press, San Diego, 2001).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Diameter profiles of six representative fibers. The average diameters of the submicrometer part of the fiber are: (a) 360 nm, (b) 445 nm, (c) 525 nm, (d) 700 nm, (e) 850 nm, (f) 1200 nm. The dashed horizontal lines mark the value of the average diameter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Supercontinuum spectra for the six fibers of Fig. 1. The transmitted pulse energies are: (a) 0.3 nJ, (b) 4 nJ, (c) 6 nJ, (d) 4 nJ, (e) 7 nJ and (f) 2.5 nJ.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Energy depencence of the supercontinuum spectrum generated by the 1200-nm minimum diameter fiber in Fig. 2(f).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Diameter dependence of the dispersion coefficient (dashed curve) and nonlinearity (solid curve) for 800-nm light. The dispersion D is obtained from Ref. [14]; the effective nonlinearity γ from Ref. [20]. The black triangles indicate the diameters of the fibers from Figs. 1 and 2.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Physical parameters relevant to the propagation of intense 800-nm laser pulses in fibers with (sub)micrometer average diameters. The dispersion D is obtained from Ref. [14]; the effective nonlinearity γ from Ref. [20] and the dispersion length LD , the nonlinear length LNL and the soliton number N from Ref. [22]. The gray area marks the region of anomalous dispersion for 800-nm light.

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