Abstract

We propose a novel wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) passive optical network (PON) architecture based on the distributed Raman amplification and pump recycling techniques, which features fully bidirectional transmission, relaxed signal power margin, and active light source-free, colorless subscriber units. The reuse of non-negligible residual Raman pump power as a pump for an erbium fiber-based upstream broadband ASE source allows for fully-centralized control of light sources at optical network units (ONUs), while distributed Raman amplification over a transmission link enables us to obtain lossless low power signal transmission. Furthermore, low-cost and colorless ONUs can be realized by use of the Raman pump-recycled erbium ASE and polarization-insensitive electroabsorption modulators. Error-free upstream transmission over a 50 km fiber link is successfully achieved at a data rate of 622 Mbit/s.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, and M. Ishii, "A WDM-based optical access network for wide-area gigabit access services," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, S43-S48 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and C. S. Shim, "Bandwidth optimization of a spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source using an angle-tuned Fabry-Perot filter and a double-stage structure," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1197-1199 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. K Jung, S. K. Shin, C.-H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network based on spectrum-slicing techniques," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1334-1336 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Kim, S. Kim, S. Hwang, and Y. Oh, "Impact of dispersion, PMD, and PDL on the performance of spectrum sliced incoherent light sources using gain-saturated semiconductor optical amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 775-785 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. <jrn>. M. J. L Cahill, G. J. Pendock, M. A. Summerfield, A. J. Lowery, and D. D. Sampson, "Optimum optical amplifier location in spectrum-sliced WDM passive optical networks for customer access," presented at Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC98), San Jose, USA, Mar. 1998, FD5.</jrn>
  6. <jrn>. M. S. Lee, B.-T. Lee, B. Y. Yoon, and H. S. Chung, "Bidirectional amplified WDM-PON using a single LOA," presented at Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC2005), Glasgow, United Kingdom, Sep. 2005, Th.2.3.5.</jrn>
  7. J. H. Lee, Y. M. Chang, Y. G. Han, H. Chung, S. H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, "Dispersion-compensating Raman/EDFA hybrid amplifier recycling residual Raman pump for efficiency enhancement," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 43-45 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. K. MacHale, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, "10 Gb/s bidirectional transmission in a 116 km reach hybrid DWDM-TDM PON," presented at Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2006), Anaheim, USA, Mar. 2006, OFE1.
  9. J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, T. H. Wood, J. P. Meester, C. H. Joyner, C. A. Burrus, J. Stone, H. M. Presby, and D. J. DiGiovanni, "Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source with a polarization-insensitive electro absorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1035-1037 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Bromage, "Raman amplification for fiber communications systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 79-93 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. D. Sampson and W. T. Holloway, "100 mW spectrally-uniform broadband ASE source for spectrum-sliced WDM systems," Electron. Lett. 30, 1611-1612 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  12. G. J. Pendock and D. D. Sampson, "Transmission performance of high bit rate spectrum-sliced WDM systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2141-2148 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. J. Shin, Y. C. Keh, J. W. Kwon, E. H. Lee, J. K. Lee, M. K. Park, J. W. Park, Y. K. Oh, S. W. Kim, I. K. Yun, H. C. Shin, D. Heo, J. S. Lee, H. S. Shin, H. S. Kim, S. B. Park, D. K. Jung, S. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, D. H. Jang, and C. S. Shim, "Low-cost WDM-PON with colorless bidirectional transceivers," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 158-165 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2006

2005

J. H. Lee, Y. M. Chang, Y. G. Han, H. Chung, S. H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, "Dispersion-compensating Raman/EDFA hybrid amplifier recycling residual Raman pump for efficiency enhancement," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 43-45 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, and M. Ishii, "A WDM-based optical access network for wide-area gigabit access services," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, S43-S48 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1998

D. K Jung, S. K. Shin, C.-H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network based on spectrum-slicing techniques," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1334-1336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

G. J. Pendock and D. D. Sampson, "Transmission performance of high bit rate spectrum-sliced WDM systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2141-2148 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and C. S. Shim, "Bandwidth optimization of a spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source using an angle-tuned Fabry-Perot filter and a double-stage structure," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1197-1199 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, T. H. Wood, J. P. Meester, C. H. Joyner, C. A. Burrus, J. Stone, H. M. Presby, and D. J. DiGiovanni, "Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source with a polarization-insensitive electro absorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1035-1037 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Sampson and W. T. Holloway, "100 mW spectrally-uniform broadband ASE source for spectrum-sliced WDM systems," Electron. Lett. 30, 1611-1612 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Akimoto, K.

J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, and M. Ishii, "A WDM-based optical access network for wide-area gigabit access services," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, S43-S48 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bromage, J.

Burrus, C. A.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, T. H. Wood, J. P. Meester, C. H. Joyner, C. A. Burrus, J. Stone, H. M. Presby, and D. J. DiGiovanni, "Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source with a polarization-insensitive electro absorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1035-1037 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Y. M.

J. H. Lee, Y. M. Chang, Y. G. Han, H. Chung, S. H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, "Dispersion-compensating Raman/EDFA hybrid amplifier recycling residual Raman pump for efficiency enhancement," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 43-45 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chung, H.

J. H. Lee, Y. M. Chang, Y. G. Han, H. Chung, S. H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, "Dispersion-compensating Raman/EDFA hybrid amplifier recycling residual Raman pump for efficiency enhancement," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 43-45 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y. C.

D. K Jung, S. K. Shin, C.-H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network based on spectrum-slicing techniques," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1334-1336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, T. H. Wood, J. P. Meester, C. H. Joyner, C. A. Burrus, J. Stone, H. M. Presby, and D. J. DiGiovanni, "Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source with a polarization-insensitive electro absorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1035-1037 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and C. S. Shim, "Bandwidth optimization of a spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source using an angle-tuned Fabry-Perot filter and a double-stage structure," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1197-1199 (1994).
[CrossRef]

DiGiovanni, D. J.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, T. H. Wood, J. P. Meester, C. H. Joyner, C. A. Burrus, J. Stone, H. M. Presby, and D. J. DiGiovanni, "Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source with a polarization-insensitive electro absorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1035-1037 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y. G.

J. H. Lee, Y. M. Chang, Y. G. Han, H. Chung, S. H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, "Dispersion-compensating Raman/EDFA hybrid amplifier recycling residual Raman pump for efficiency enhancement," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 43-45 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Heo, D.

Holloway, W. T.

D. D. Sampson and W. T. Holloway, "100 mW spectrally-uniform broadband ASE source for spectrum-sliced WDM systems," Electron. Lett. 30, 1611-1612 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, S.

Ishii, M.

J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, and M. Ishii, "A WDM-based optical access network for wide-area gigabit access services," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, S43-S48 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Iwatsuki, K.

J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, and M. Ishii, "A WDM-based optical access network for wide-area gigabit access services," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, S43-S48 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jang, D. H.

Joyner, C. H.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, T. H. Wood, J. P. Meester, C. H. Joyner, C. A. Burrus, J. Stone, H. M. Presby, and D. J. DiGiovanni, "Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source with a polarization-insensitive electro absorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1035-1037 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jung, D. K

D. K Jung, S. K. Shin, C.-H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network based on spectrum-slicing techniques," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1334-1336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jung, D. K.

Kani, J.

J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, and M. Ishii, "A WDM-based optical access network for wide-area gigabit access services," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, S43-S48 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Keh, Y. C.

Kim, H.

Kim, H. S.

Kim, S.

Kim, S. H.

J. H. Lee, Y. M. Chang, Y. G. Han, H. Chung, S. H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, "Dispersion-compensating Raman/EDFA hybrid amplifier recycling residual Raman pump for efficiency enhancement," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 43-45 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. W.

Kwon, J. W.

Lee, C.-H.

D. K Jung, S. K. Shin, C.-H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network based on spectrum-slicing techniques," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1334-1336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, E. H.

Lee, J. H.

J. H. Lee, Y. M. Chang, Y. G. Han, H. Chung, S. H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, "Dispersion-compensating Raman/EDFA hybrid amplifier recycling residual Raman pump for efficiency enhancement," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 43-45 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. K.

Lee, J. S.

D. J. Shin, Y. C. Keh, J. W. Kwon, E. H. Lee, J. K. Lee, M. K. Park, J. W. Park, Y. K. Oh, S. W. Kim, I. K. Yun, H. C. Shin, D. Heo, J. S. Lee, H. S. Shin, H. S. Kim, S. B. Park, D. K. Jung, S. Hwang, Y. J. Oh, D. H. Jang, and C. S. Shim, "Low-cost WDM-PON with colorless bidirectional transceivers," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 158-165 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and C. S. Shim, "Bandwidth optimization of a spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source using an angle-tuned Fabry-Perot filter and a double-stage structure," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1197-1199 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, T. H. Wood, J. P. Meester, C. H. Joyner, C. A. Burrus, J. Stone, H. M. Presby, and D. J. DiGiovanni, "Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source with a polarization-insensitive electro absorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1035-1037 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. B.

J. H. Lee, Y. M. Chang, Y. G. Han, H. Chung, S. H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, "Dispersion-compensating Raman/EDFA hybrid amplifier recycling residual Raman pump for efficiency enhancement," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 43-45 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Meester, J. P.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, T. H. Wood, J. P. Meester, C. H. Joyner, C. A. Burrus, J. Stone, H. M. Presby, and D. J. DiGiovanni, "Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source with a polarization-insensitive electro absorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1035-1037 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Oh, Y.

Oh, Y. J.

Oh, Y. K.

Park, J. W.

Park, M. K.

Park, S. B.

Pendock, G. J.

G. J. Pendock and D. D. Sampson, "Transmission performance of high bit rate spectrum-sliced WDM systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2141-2148 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Presby, H. M.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, T. H. Wood, J. P. Meester, C. H. Joyner, C. A. Burrus, J. Stone, H. M. Presby, and D. J. DiGiovanni, "Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source with a polarization-insensitive electro absorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1035-1037 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sampson, D. D.

G. J. Pendock and D. D. Sampson, "Transmission performance of high bit rate spectrum-sliced WDM systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2141-2148 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Sampson and W. T. Holloway, "100 mW spectrally-uniform broadband ASE source for spectrum-sliced WDM systems," Electron. Lett. 30, 1611-1612 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shim, C. S.

Shin, D. J.

Shin, H. C.

Shin, H. S.

Shin, S. K.

D. K Jung, S. K. Shin, C.-H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network based on spectrum-slicing techniques," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1334-1336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stone, J.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, T. H. Wood, J. P. Meester, C. H. Joyner, C. A. Burrus, J. Stone, H. M. Presby, and D. J. DiGiovanni, "Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source with a polarization-insensitive electro absorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1035-1037 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, H.

J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, and M. Ishii, "A WDM-based optical access network for wide-area gigabit access services," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, S43-S48 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Takachio, N.

J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, and M. Ishii, "A WDM-based optical access network for wide-area gigabit access services," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, S43-S48 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Teshima, M.

J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, and M. Ishii, "A WDM-based optical access network for wide-area gigabit access services," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, S43-S48 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wood, T. H.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, T. H. Wood, J. P. Meester, C. H. Joyner, C. A. Burrus, J. Stone, H. M. Presby, and D. J. DiGiovanni, "Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source with a polarization-insensitive electro absorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1035-1037 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yun, I. K.

Electron. Lett.

D. D. Sampson and W. T. Holloway, "100 mW spectrally-uniform broadband ASE source for spectrum-sliced WDM systems," Electron. Lett. 30, 1611-1612 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag.

J. Kani, M. Teshima, K. Akimoto, N. Takachio, H. Suzuki, K. Iwatsuki, and M. Ishii, "A WDM-based optical access network for wide-area gigabit access services," IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, S43-S48 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, and C. S. Shim, "Bandwidth optimization of a spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source using an angle-tuned Fabry-Perot filter and a double-stage structure," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1197-1199 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. K Jung, S. K. Shin, C.-H. Lee, and Y. C. Chung, "Wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network based on spectrum-slicing techniques," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 1334-1336 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Lee, Y. M. Chang, Y. G. Han, H. Chung, S. H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, "Dispersion-compensating Raman/EDFA hybrid amplifier recycling residual Raman pump for efficiency enhancement," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 43-45 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Lee, Y. C. Chung, T. H. Wood, J. P. Meester, C. H. Joyner, C. A. Burrus, J. Stone, H. M. Presby, and D. J. DiGiovanni, "Spectrum-sliced fiber amplifier light source with a polarization-insensitive electro absorption modulator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 1035-1037 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Other

<jrn>. M. J. L Cahill, G. J. Pendock, M. A. Summerfield, A. J. Lowery, and D. D. Sampson, "Optimum optical amplifier location in spectrum-sliced WDM passive optical networks for customer access," presented at Optical Fiber Communication Conf. (OFC98), San Jose, USA, Mar. 1998, FD5.</jrn>

<jrn>. M. S. Lee, B.-T. Lee, B. Y. Yoon, and H. S. Chung, "Bidirectional amplified WDM-PON using a single LOA," presented at Eur. Conf. Optical Communication (ECOC2005), Glasgow, United Kingdom, Sep. 2005, Th.2.3.5.</jrn>

E. K. MacHale, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, "10 Gb/s bidirectional transmission in a 116 km reach hybrid DWDM-TDM PON," presented at Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC2006), Anaheim, USA, Mar. 2006, OFE1.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Our proposed bidirectional WDM-PON architecture

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup for the demonstration of upstream data transmission using the proposed architecture.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured optical spectra of (a) an ASE generated from a 20 m EDF by recycling the residual Raman pump (~99 mW) and (b) 5 upstream signals.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured BERs and eye diagrams for 25 km upstream transmission.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a). Measured optical spectra of 5 upstream signals. (b) Measured BERs. These measurements were performed for the case of 50 km upstream transmission.

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