Abstract

We report on both continuous-wave and passively mode-locked laser actions of a new ytterbium-doped laser crystal Yb:Gd2SiO5 (Yb:GSO) under high-power diode-end-pumping. Due to the anisotropic and compact crystal structure, Yb:GSO exhibits a large manifold splitting of Yb3+ ions, and a Yb:GSO laser can be operated efficiently with negligible reabsorption losses at emission wavelengths. In the continuous-wave operation, a Yb:GSO laser was operated with a slope efficiency of 49% near 1094 nm— the longest laser wavelength achieved for Yb3+ lasers. Passive mode locking was obtained with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror. At a pump power of 6.23 W, a maximum average output power of 638 mW was obtained with the repetition rate of 145.5 MHz.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. F. Druon, S. Chénais, P. Raybaut, F. Balembois, P. Georges, R. Gaumé, G. Aka, B. Viana, S. Mohr, and D. Kopf, "Diode-pumped YbSr3Y(BO3)3 femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 27, 197-199 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innerhofer, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Paschotta, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Scherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, "240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a mode-locked thin-disk Yb:KY(WO4)2 laser," Opt. Lett. 27, 1162-1164 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Brunner, G. J. Spuheler, J. Aus der Au, L. Krainer, F. Morier-Genound, R. Paschotta, N. Lichtenstein, S. Weiss, C. Harder, A. A. Lagatsky, A. Abdolvand, N. V. Kuleshov, and U. Keller, "Diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:KGd(WO4)2 laser with 1.1-W average power," Opt. Lett. 25, 1119-1121 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brenier, and G. Boulon, "Diode-pumped Yb:GGG laser: comparison with Yb:YAG," Opt. Mater. 22, 99-106 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Jacquemet, C. Jacquemet, N. Janel, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, J. Petit, B. Viana, D. Vivien, and B. Ferrand, "Efficient laser action of Yb:LSO and Yb:YSO oxyorthosilicates crystals under high-power diode pumping," Appl. Phys. B 80, 171-176 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. Thibault, D. Pelenc, F. Druon, and P. Georges, "Very efficient diode-pumped Yb3+:Y2SiO5 and Yb3+:Lu2SiO5 femtosecond laser," Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe 2005, CFB1.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. K. Petermann, L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, and V. Peters, "High melting sesquioxides: crystal growth, spectroscopy, and laser experiments," Opt. Mater. 19, 67-71(2002).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Courjaud, R. Maleck-Rassoul, N. Deguil, C. Hönninger, and F. Salin, "Diode pumped multikilohertz femtosecond amplifier," in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, Advanced Solid-State Lasers Vol. 68, pp. 121-123 (2002).
  16. H. Liu, J. Nees, and G. Mourou, "Directly diode-pumped YbKY(WO4)2 regenerative amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 27, 722-724 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  17. P. Raybaut, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, and D. Vivien, "Directly diode-pumped Yb3+:SrY4(SiO4)3O regenerative amplifier," Opt. Lett. 28, 2195-2197 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. P. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, and D. Vivien, "Determination of laser parameters of ytterbium-doped oxide crystalline materials," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2365-2375 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  19. C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46-56 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, G. Lucas-Leclin, P. Georges, A. Brun, M. Zavelani-Rossi, F. Augé, J.-P. Chambaret, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, "Multiwatt, tunable, diode-pumped CW Yb:GdCOB laser," Appl. Phys. B 72, 389-393 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Jacquemet, C. Jacquemet, N. Janel, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, J. Petit, B. Viana, D. Vivien, and B. Ferrand, "Efficient laser action of Yb:LSO and Yb:YSO oxyorthosilicates crystals under high-power diode pumping," Appl. Phys. B 80, 171-176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, L. D. Deloach, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, and W. F. Krupke, "Laser, optical, and thermomechanical properties of Yb-doped fluorapatite," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 170-179 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

P. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, and D. Vivien, "Determination of laser parameters of ytterbium-doped oxide crystalline materials," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2365-2375 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Hönninger, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, "Q-switching stability limits of continuous-wave passive mode locking," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 46-56 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lasers and Electro-Optics

F. Thibault, D. Pelenc, F. Druon, and P. Georges, "Very efficient diode-pumped Yb3+:Y2SiO5 and Yb3+:Lu2SiO5 femtosecond laser," Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics Europe 2005, CFB1.

Opt. Lett.

A. Lucca, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, "High-power tunable diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 1879-1881 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Lucca, G. Debourg, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, and R. Moncorgé, "High power diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 2767-2769 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kong, D.Y. Tang, J. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, "Diode-end-pumped 4.2-W continuous-wave Yb:Y2O3 ceramic laser," Opt. Lett. 29,1212-1214 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Liu, J. Nees, and G. Mourou, "Directly diode-pumped YbKY(WO4)2 regenerative amplifiers," Opt. Lett. 27, 722-724 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Raybaut, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, and D. Vivien, "Directly diode-pumped Yb3+:SrY4(SiO4)3O regenerative amplifier," Opt. Lett. 28, 2195-2197 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Druon, S. Chénais, P. Raybaut, F. Balembois, P. Georges, R. Gaumé, P. H. Haumesser, B. Viana, D. Vivien, S. Dhellemmes, V. Ortiz, and C. Larat, "Apatite-structure crystal, Yb3+:SrY4(SiO4)3O, for the development of diode-pumped femtosecond lasers," Opt. Lett. 27, 1914-1916 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Lacovara, H. K. Choi, C. A. Wang, R. L. Aggarwal, and T. Y. Fan, "Room-temperature diode-pumped Yb:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 16, 1089-1091 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Druon, S. Chénais, P. Raybaut, F. Balembois, P. Georges, R. Gaumé, G. Aka, B. Viana, S. Mohr, and D. Kopf, "Diode-pumped YbSr3Y(BO3)3 femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 27, 197-199 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. Brunner, T. Südmeyer, E. Innerhofer, F. Morier-Genoud, R. Paschotta, V. E. Kisel, V. G. Scherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, J. Gao, K. Contag, A. Giesen, and U. Keller, "240-fs pulses with 22-W average power from a mode-locked thin-disk Yb:KY(WO4)2 laser," Opt. Lett. 27, 1162-1164 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. Brunner, G. J. Spuheler, J. Aus der Au, L. Krainer, F. Morier-Genound, R. Paschotta, N. Lichtenstein, S. Weiss, C. Harder, A. A. Lagatsky, A. Abdolvand, N. V. Kuleshov, and U. Keller, "Diode-pumped femtosecond Yb:KGd(WO4)2 laser with 1.1-W average power," Opt. Lett. 25, 1119-1121 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater.

S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brenier, and G. Boulon, "Diode-pumped Yb:GGG laser: comparison with Yb:YAG," Opt. Mater. 22, 99-106 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Petermann, L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, and V. Peters, "High melting sesquioxides: crystal growth, spectroscopy, and laser experiments," Opt. Mater. 19, 67-71(2002).
[CrossRef]

OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics

A. Courjaud, R. Maleck-Rassoul, N. Deguil, C. Hönninger, and F. Salin, "Diode pumped multikilohertz femtosecond amplifier," in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics, Advanced Solid-State Lasers Vol. 68, pp. 121-123 (2002).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Room-temperature absorption and emission spectra of the Yb:GSO laser crystal.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic of Yb:GSO cw laser cavity.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Schematic of a Yb:GSO laser passively mode locked with a SESAM. M1, cavity mirror; M2, M3, folding mirrors; OC, output coupler.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Yb:GSO cw laser output power as a function of incident pump power.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

CML Yb:GSO laser output power versus absorbed pump power and the corresponding laser spectrum (inset).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) Pulse trains of the CML Yb:GSO laser. (b) The 145.5MHz repetition rate of the CML pulses.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Power spectrum of a CML Yb:GSO laser.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Autocorrelation trace of the Yb:GSO CML laser.

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