Abstract

We report on the remote characterization and dispersion compensation (pulse compression) of femtosecond pluses using multiphoton intrapulse interference phase scan (MIIPS). The results presented here were carried out at a distance of 28.9 m from the target. The method could be used with targets placed kilometers away. The amplified pulses arrive at the remote target within one percent of transform limit or accurately phase-shaped by user defined phase functions. From our experiment we measure the group velocity dispersion of air at 800 nm to be 20.1±1.5 fs2/m, which is in good agreement with published values. We consider this method for remote characterization and dispersion compensation to be an important step towards the development of reliable applications requiring the propagation of ultrashort pulses to remote targets.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. G. Mejean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, "Remote detection and identification of biological aerosols using a femtosecond terawatt lidar system," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 78, 535-537 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. F. Gravel, Q. Luo, D. Boudreau, X. P. Tang, and S. L. Chin, "Sensing of halocarbons using femtosecond laser-induced fluorescence," Anal. Chem. 76, 4799-4805 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. Rohwetter, J. Yu, G. Mejean, K. Stelmaszczyk, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, J. P. Wole, and L. Woste, "Remote LIBS with ultrashort pulses: characteristics in picosecond and femtosecond regimes," J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 437-444 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. L. Xu, J. F. Daigle, Q. Luo, and S. L. Chin, "Femtosecond laser-induced nonlinear spectroscopy for remote sensing of methane," Appl. Phys.B: Lasers Opt. 82, 655-658 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. A. Walowicz, I. Pastirk, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, "Multiphoton intrapulse interference. 1. Control of multiphoton processes in condensed phases," J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 9369-9373 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. V. V. Lozovoy, I. Pastirk, K. A. Walowicz, and M. Dantus, "Multiphoton intrapulse interference. II. Control of two- and three-photon laser induced fluorescence with shaped pulses," J. Chem. Phys. 118, 3187-3196 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, "Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses," Opt. Lett. 23, 792-794 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. V. V. Lozovoy, I. Pastirk, and M. Dantus, "Multiphoton intrapulse interference. IV. Ultrashort laser pulse spectral phase characterization and compensation," Opt. Lett. 29, 775-777 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. B. W. Xu, J. M. Gunn, J. M. Dela Cruz, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, "Quantitative investigation of the multiphoton intrapulse interference phase scan method for simultaneous phase measurement and compensation of femtosecond laser pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 750-759 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. D. Nelson, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, "Programmable polarization-independent spectral phase compensation and pulse shaping," Opt. Express 11, 1763-1769 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. T. A. Pitts, T. S. Luk, J. K. Gruetzner, T. R. Nelson, A. McPherson, S. M. Cameron, and A. C. Bernstein, "Propagation of self-focusing laser pulses in atmosphere: experiment versus numerical simulation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 2008-2016 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (2)

2004 (5)

V. V. Lozovoy, I. Pastirk, and M. Dantus, "Multiphoton intrapulse interference. IV. Ultrashort laser pulse spectral phase characterization and compensation," Opt. Lett. 29, 775-777 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Pitts, T. S. Luk, J. K. Gruetzner, T. R. Nelson, A. McPherson, S. M. Cameron, and A. C. Bernstein, "Propagation of self-focusing laser pulses in atmosphere: experiment versus numerical simulation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 2008-2016 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Mejean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, "Remote detection and identification of biological aerosols using a femtosecond terawatt lidar system," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 78, 535-537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Gravel, Q. Luo, D. Boudreau, X. P. Tang, and S. L. Chin, "Sensing of halocarbons using femtosecond laser-induced fluorescence," Anal. Chem. 76, 4799-4805 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Rohwetter, J. Yu, G. Mejean, K. Stelmaszczyk, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, J. P. Wole, and L. Woste, "Remote LIBS with ultrashort pulses: characteristics in picosecond and femtosecond regimes," J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 437-444 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

V. V. Lozovoy, I. Pastirk, K. A. Walowicz, and M. Dantus, "Multiphoton intrapulse interference. II. Control of two- and three-photon laser induced fluorescence with shaped pulses," J. Chem. Phys. 118, 3187-3196 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. D. Nelson, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, "Programmable polarization-independent spectral phase compensation and pulse shaping," Opt. Express 11, 1763-1769 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

K. A. Walowicz, I. Pastirk, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, "Multiphoton intrapulse interference. 1. Control of multiphoton processes in condensed phases," J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 9369-9373 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Andre, Y. B.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bernstein, A. C.

Boudreau, D.

J. F. Gravel, Q. Luo, D. Boudreau, X. P. Tang, and S. L. Chin, "Sensing of halocarbons using femtosecond laser-induced fluorescence," Anal. Chem. 76, 4799-4805 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bourayou, R.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cameron, S. M.

Chin, S. L.

H. L. Xu, J. F. Daigle, Q. Luo, and S. L. Chin, "Femtosecond laser-induced nonlinear spectroscopy for remote sensing of methane," Appl. Phys.B: Lasers Opt. 82, 655-658 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Gravel, Q. Luo, D. Boudreau, X. P. Tang, and S. L. Chin, "Sensing of halocarbons using femtosecond laser-induced fluorescence," Anal. Chem. 76, 4799-4805 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Daigle, J. F.

H. L. Xu, J. F. Daigle, Q. Luo, and S. L. Chin, "Femtosecond laser-induced nonlinear spectroscopy for remote sensing of methane," Appl. Phys.B: Lasers Opt. 82, 655-658 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dantus, M.

B. W. Xu, J. M. Gunn, J. M. Dela Cruz, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, "Quantitative investigation of the multiphoton intrapulse interference phase scan method for simultaneous phase measurement and compensation of femtosecond laser pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 750-759 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Lozovoy, I. Pastirk, and M. Dantus, "Multiphoton intrapulse interference. IV. Ultrashort laser pulse spectral phase characterization and compensation," Opt. Lett. 29, 775-777 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Lozovoy, I. Pastirk, K. A. Walowicz, and M. Dantus, "Multiphoton intrapulse interference. II. Control of two- and three-photon laser induced fluorescence with shaped pulses," J. Chem. Phys. 118, 3187-3196 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Walowicz, I. Pastirk, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, "Multiphoton intrapulse interference. 1. Control of multiphoton processes in condensed phases," J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 9369-9373 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dela Cruz, J. M.

DeLong, K. W.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fittinghoff, D. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Frey, S.

G. Mejean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, "Remote detection and identification of biological aerosols using a femtosecond terawatt lidar system," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 78, 535-537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gravel, J. F.

J. F. Gravel, Q. Luo, D. Boudreau, X. P. Tang, and S. L. Chin, "Sensing of halocarbons using femtosecond laser-induced fluorescence," Anal. Chem. 76, 4799-4805 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gruetzner, J. K.

Gunn, J. M.

Iaconis, C.

Kane, D. J.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kasparian, J.

P. Rohwetter, J. Yu, G. Mejean, K. Stelmaszczyk, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, J. P. Wole, and L. Woste, "Remote LIBS with ultrashort pulses: characteristics in picosecond and femtosecond regimes," J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 437-444 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Mejean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, "Remote detection and identification of biological aerosols using a femtosecond terawatt lidar system," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 78, 535-537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krumbugel, M. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Leaird, D. E.

Lozovoy, V. V.

B. W. Xu, J. M. Gunn, J. M. Dela Cruz, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, "Quantitative investigation of the multiphoton intrapulse interference phase scan method for simultaneous phase measurement and compensation of femtosecond laser pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23, 750-759 (2006).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Lozovoy, I. Pastirk, and M. Dantus, "Multiphoton intrapulse interference. IV. Ultrashort laser pulse spectral phase characterization and compensation," Opt. Lett. 29, 775-777 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Lozovoy, I. Pastirk, K. A. Walowicz, and M. Dantus, "Multiphoton intrapulse interference. II. Control of two- and three-photon laser induced fluorescence with shaped pulses," J. Chem. Phys. 118, 3187-3196 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Walowicz, I. Pastirk, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, "Multiphoton intrapulse interference. 1. Control of multiphoton processes in condensed phases," J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 9369-9373 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Luk, T. S.

Luo, Q.

H. L. Xu, J. F. Daigle, Q. Luo, and S. L. Chin, "Femtosecond laser-induced nonlinear spectroscopy for remote sensing of methane," Appl. Phys.B: Lasers Opt. 82, 655-658 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Gravel, Q. Luo, D. Boudreau, X. P. Tang, and S. L. Chin, "Sensing of halocarbons using femtosecond laser-induced fluorescence," Anal. Chem. 76, 4799-4805 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McPherson, A.

Mejean, G.

P. Rohwetter, J. Yu, G. Mejean, K. Stelmaszczyk, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, J. P. Wole, and L. Woste, "Remote LIBS with ultrashort pulses: characteristics in picosecond and femtosecond regimes," J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 437-444 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Mejean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, "Remote detection and identification of biological aerosols using a femtosecond terawatt lidar system," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 78, 535-537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mysyrowicz, A.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nelson, R. D.

Nelson, T. R.

Pastirk, I.

V. V. Lozovoy, I. Pastirk, and M. Dantus, "Multiphoton intrapulse interference. IV. Ultrashort laser pulse spectral phase characterization and compensation," Opt. Lett. 29, 775-777 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Lozovoy, I. Pastirk, K. A. Walowicz, and M. Dantus, "Multiphoton intrapulse interference. II. Control of two- and three-photon laser induced fluorescence with shaped pulses," J. Chem. Phys. 118, 3187-3196 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Walowicz, I. Pastirk, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, "Multiphoton intrapulse interference. 1. Control of multiphoton processes in condensed phases," J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 9369-9373 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pitts, T. A.

Richman, B. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, M.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rohwetter, P.

P. Rohwetter, J. Yu, G. Mejean, K. Stelmaszczyk, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, J. P. Wole, and L. Woste, "Remote LIBS with ultrashort pulses: characteristics in picosecond and femtosecond regimes," J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 437-444 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Salmon, E.

P. Rohwetter, J. Yu, G. Mejean, K. Stelmaszczyk, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, J. P. Wole, and L. Woste, "Remote LIBS with ultrashort pulses: characteristics in picosecond and femtosecond regimes," J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 437-444 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Mejean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, "Remote detection and identification of biological aerosols using a femtosecond terawatt lidar system," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 78, 535-537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sauerbrey, R.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stelmaszczyk, K.

P. Rohwetter, J. Yu, G. Mejean, K. Stelmaszczyk, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, J. P. Wole, and L. Woste, "Remote LIBS with ultrashort pulses: characteristics in picosecond and femtosecond regimes," J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 437-444 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sweetser, J. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tang, X. P.

J. F. Gravel, Q. Luo, D. Boudreau, X. P. Tang, and S. L. Chin, "Sensing of halocarbons using femtosecond laser-induced fluorescence," Anal. Chem. 76, 4799-4805 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trebino, R.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Walmsley, I. A.

Walowicz, K. A.

V. V. Lozovoy, I. Pastirk, K. A. Walowicz, and M. Dantus, "Multiphoton intrapulse interference. II. Control of two- and three-photon laser induced fluorescence with shaped pulses," J. Chem. Phys. 118, 3187-3196 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Walowicz, I. Pastirk, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, "Multiphoton intrapulse interference. 1. Control of multiphoton processes in condensed phases," J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 9369-9373 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

Wille, H.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wole, J. P.

P. Rohwetter, J. Yu, G. Mejean, K. Stelmaszczyk, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, J. P. Wole, and L. Woste, "Remote LIBS with ultrashort pulses: characteristics in picosecond and femtosecond regimes," J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 437-444 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, J. P.

G. Mejean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, "Remote detection and identification of biological aerosols using a femtosecond terawatt lidar system," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 78, 535-537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Woste, L.

P. Rohwetter, J. Yu, G. Mejean, K. Stelmaszczyk, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, J. P. Wole, and L. Woste, "Remote LIBS with ultrashort pulses: characteristics in picosecond and femtosecond regimes," J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 437-444 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, B. W.

Xu, H. L.

H. L. Xu, J. F. Daigle, Q. Luo, and S. L. Chin, "Femtosecond laser-induced nonlinear spectroscopy for remote sensing of methane," Appl. Phys.B: Lasers Opt. 82, 655-658 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

P. Rohwetter, J. Yu, G. Mejean, K. Stelmaszczyk, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, J. P. Wole, and L. Woste, "Remote LIBS with ultrashort pulses: characteristics in picosecond and femtosecond regimes," J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 437-444 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Mejean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, "Remote detection and identification of biological aerosols using a femtosecond terawatt lidar system," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 78, 535-537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anal. Chem. (1)

J. F. Gravel, Q. Luo, D. Boudreau, X. P. Tang, and S. L. Chin, "Sensing of halocarbons using femtosecond laser-induced fluorescence," Anal. Chem. 76, 4799-4805 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. (1)

G. Mejean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, S. Frey, E. Salmon, and J. P. Wolf, "Remote detection and identification of biological aerosols using a femtosecond terawatt lidar system," Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt. 78, 535-537 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B: Lasers Opt. (1)

H. L. Xu, J. F. Daigle, Q. Luo, and S. L. Chin, "Femtosecond laser-induced nonlinear spectroscopy for remote sensing of methane," Appl. Phys.B: Lasers Opt. 82, 655-658 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Anal. At. Spectrom. (1)

P. Rohwetter, J. Yu, G. Mejean, K. Stelmaszczyk, E. Salmon, J. Kasparian, J. P. Wole, and L. Woste, "Remote LIBS with ultrashort pulses: characteristics in picosecond and femtosecond regimes," J. Anal. At. Spectrom. 19, 437-444 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

V. V. Lozovoy, I. Pastirk, K. A. Walowicz, and M. Dantus, "Multiphoton intrapulse interference. II. Control of two- and three-photon laser induced fluorescence with shaped pulses," J. Chem. Phys. 118, 3187-3196 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

K. A. Walowicz, I. Pastirk, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, "Multiphoton intrapulse interference. 1. Control of multiphoton processes in condensed phases," J. Phys. Chem. A 106, 9369-9373 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277-3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Mejean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y. B. Andre, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J. P. Wolf, and L. Woste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Accumulated phase caused by propagation of femtosecond pulses in air. The black line is the retrieved phase measured 2.8 m from the amplifier. The red line is the retrieved phase after the pulses propagate in air 28.9 m from the output source. Inset: Measurement of the group velocity dispersion of air at 800 nm, obtained from the slope from a number of intermediate measurements.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Frequency doubled spectra of pulses shaped with a binary (top) and a sinusoidal (bottom) phase functions recorded at a distance of 2.8 m (red light) and 28.9m (black dots). The excellent agreement between the near and remote measurements indicates that phase distortions were successfully corrected.

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