Abstract

We describe slow light propagation of a 10 Gbit/s data stream in a narrow band fiber parametric amplifier. A large tunable delay of 10 to 60 ps with very low signal distortion has been demonstrated in a 1 km long dispersion shifted fiber. The longitudinal variation of the fiber propagation parameters was extracted from measured amplified spontaneous emission and these parameters serve to accurately predict the delayed temporal pulse shape. Simulated results suggest that the system exhibits large delays with low distortions in a wide spectral range within the OPA gain spectrum.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. K. Y. Song, M. G. Herraez, and L. Thevenaz, " Observation of pulse delaying and advancement in optical fiber using stimulated Brillouin scattering," Opt. Express 13, 82-88 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. Y. Song, M. G. Herraez, and L. Thevenaz, "Long optically controlled delays in optical fibers," Opt. Lett. 30, 1782-1784 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. D. Stenner and M. A. Neifeld, "Distortion management in slow-light pulse delay," Opt. Express 13, 9995-10002 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. G. Herra'ez, A K. Y. Song, and L. The'venaz, "Arbitrary-bandwidth Brillouin slow light in optical fibers," Opt. Express 14, 1395-1400 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Z. Zhu, A. M. C. Dawes, D. J. Gauthier, L. Zhang, and A. E. Willner, "12-GHz-Bandwidth SBS Slow Light in Optical Fibers," in proceedings of OFC 2006, paper PD1 (2006).</jrn>
  7. E. Shumakher, N. Orbach, A. Nevet, D. Dahan, and G. Eisenstein, "On the balance between delay, bandwidth and signal distortion in slow light systems based on stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers," Opt. Express 14, 5877-5884 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. D. Dahan and G. Eisenstein, "Tunable all optical delay via slow and fast light propagation in a Raman assisted fiber optical parametric amplifier: a route to all optical buffering," Opt. Express 13, 6234-6249 (2005)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. L. Yi, W. Hu, Y. Su, L. Leng, J. Wu, X. Tian, G. Zhou, and L. Zhan, "Propagation of 10-Gb/s RZ data through a slow-light fiber delay-line based on parametric process," in proceedings of OFC 2006, paper OFH3 (2006).</jrn>
  10. I. Brener, P. P. Mitra, D. D. Lee, D. J. Thomson, and D. L. Philen, "High-resolution zero-dispersion wavelength mapping in single-mode fiber," Opt. Lett. 23, 1520-1522 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Karlsson, "Four-wave mixing in fibers with randomly varying zero-dispersion wavelength," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2269-2275 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Kennedy, R. C. Eberhart, "Particle swarm optimization," IEEE Int. Conf. on Neural Networks Proceedings 4, 1942-1948 (1995).</jrn>
    [CrossRef]
  13. E. Shumakher, R. Blit, A. Willinger, D. Dahan, and G. Eisenstein, "Large Delay and Low Distortion of a 40 Gb/s Signal Propagating in a Slow Light System Based on Parametric Amplification in Optical Fibers," in proceedings of ECOC 2006, paper We4.3.4 (2006).</jrn>

2006

2005

1998

Bigelow, M. S.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boyd, R. W.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brener, I.

Dahan, D.

Eisenstein, G.

Gaeta, A.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gauthier, D. J.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herraez, M. G.

Herra'ez, M. G.

Karlsson, M.

Lee, D. D.

Mitra, P. P.

Neifeld, M. A.

Nevet, A.

Okawachi, Y.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Orbach, N.

Philen, D. L.

Schweinsberg, A.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharping, J.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shumakher, E.

Song, A K. Y.

Song, K. Y.

Stenner, M. D.

Thevenaz, L.

The'venaz, L.

Thomson, D. J.

Zhu, Z.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. Sharping, Z. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd, and A. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

L. Yi, W. Hu, Y. Su, L. Leng, J. Wu, X. Tian, G. Zhou, and L. Zhan, "Propagation of 10-Gb/s RZ data through a slow-light fiber delay-line based on parametric process," in proceedings of OFC 2006, paper OFH3 (2006).</jrn>

Z. Zhu, A. M. C. Dawes, D. J. Gauthier, L. Zhang, and A. E. Willner, "12-GHz-Bandwidth SBS Slow Light in Optical Fibers," in proceedings of OFC 2006, paper PD1 (2006).</jrn>

J. Kennedy, R. C. Eberhart, "Particle swarm optimization," IEEE Int. Conf. on Neural Networks Proceedings 4, 1942-1948 (1995).</jrn>
[CrossRef]

E. Shumakher, R. Blit, A. Willinger, D. Dahan, and G. Eisenstein, "Large Delay and Low Distortion of a 40 Gb/s Signal Propagating in a Slow Light System Based on Parametric Amplification in Optical Fibers," in proceedings of ECOC 2006, paper We4.3.4 (2006).</jrn>

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a). Blue line–measured ASE spectrum, green line–estimated gain spectrum, red line–calculated delay spectrum (b) Estimated distributions of propagation parameters, λ0(z), β3(z), β4(z), Aeff(z)

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental set up

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Delayed 10 Gb/s PRBS for different OPA gain levels, (a) -3dB, (b) 2.8dB, (c) 4.4dB, (d) 7.5dB

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Delay versus OPA gain. Blue curve–calculation, green curve–measured results

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Simulated 10 Gb/s eye patterns at two wavelengths and two OPA gain levels. Blue curve-pump off, red curves pump on. (a) λ2=1427.7 nm, G=-5.3 dB, (b) λ2=1427.7 nm, G=5.5 dB, (c) λ3=1428.4 nm, G=-4.1 dB, (d) λ3=1428.4 nm, G=8.3 dB.

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