Abstract

Nonlinearity management is explored as a complete tool to obtain maximum transmission reach in a WDM fiber transmission system, making it possible to optimize multiple system parameters, including optimal dispersion pre-compensation, with fast simulations based on the continuous-wave approximation.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. R. Gabitov, P. M. Lushnikov, "Nonlinearity management in a dispersion-managed system," Opt. Lett. 27, 113-115 (2002)
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Driben, B. A. Malomed, and U. Mahlab, "Integration of nonlinearity-management and dispersion-management for pulses in fiber-optic links," Opt. Commun. 232, 129-138 (2004)
    [CrossRef]
  3. J.D. Ania-Castañón, I.O. Nasieva, N. Kurukitkoson, S.K. Turitsyn, C. Borsier and E. Pincemin, "Nonlinearity management in fiber transmission systems with hybrid amplification," Opt. Commun. 233, 353-357 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J.D. Ania-Castañón, I.O. Nasieva, S.K. Turitsyn, N. Brochier and E. Pincemin, "Optimal span length in high-speed transmission systems with hybrid Raman-erbium-doped fiber amplification," Opt. Lett. 30, 23-25 (2005)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. Bigo, "Optimizing terrestrial systems for 40Gbit/s channel rate," Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communications 5, pp. 137-157 (2005)
  6. R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer,J. Bromage, and C. H. Kim, "Design of Bidirectionally Pumped Fiber Amplifiers Generating Double Rayleigh Backscattering," Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 914-916 (2002)
    [CrossRef]
  7. R.I. Killey, H.J. Thiele, V. Mikhailov and P. Bayvel, "Reduction of intrachannel nonlinear distortion in 40-Gb/s-based WDM transmission over standard fiber," Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1624-1626 (2000)
    [CrossRef]
  8. I. Joindot, "Dispersion map optimization in hybrid Raman/erbium-doped fiber amplifier-based 40-Gb/s link," Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1555 - 1557 (2005)
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggliolini, "On the optimization of hybrid Raman/erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1170 - 1172 (2001)
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Park, J. Park, D. Lee, N.Y. Kim, H. Lee and N. Park, "Nonlinear phase shift scanning method for the optimal design of Raman transmission systems," J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 1257-1268 (2006)
    [CrossRef]
  11. J.-C. Bouteiller, J. Bromage, H.-J. Thiele, L. E. Nelson, K. Brar, and S. Stulz, "An optimization process for Raman-amplified long-span transmission," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 326-328 (2004)
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Namiki, and Y. Emori, "Ultrabroad-band Raman amplifiers pumped and gain-equalized by wavelength-division-multiplexed high-power laser diodes," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., 7, 3-16 (2001)
    [CrossRef]
  13. L.K. Wickham, R.-J. Essiambre, A.H. Gnauk, P.J. Winzer, and A.R. Chralpyvy, "Bit pattern length dependence of intrachannel nonlinearities in pseudolinear transmission," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1591-1593 (2004)
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

2004 (4)

R. Driben, B. A. Malomed, and U. Mahlab, "Integration of nonlinearity-management and dispersion-management for pulses in fiber-optic links," Opt. Commun. 232, 129-138 (2004)
[CrossRef]

J.D. Ania-Castañón, I.O. Nasieva, N. Kurukitkoson, S.K. Turitsyn, C. Borsier and E. Pincemin, "Nonlinearity management in fiber transmission systems with hybrid amplification," Opt. Commun. 233, 353-357 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Bouteiller, J. Bromage, H.-J. Thiele, L. E. Nelson, K. Brar, and S. Stulz, "An optimization process for Raman-amplified long-span transmission," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 326-328 (2004)
[CrossRef]

L.K. Wickham, R.-J. Essiambre, A.H. Gnauk, P.J. Winzer, and A.R. Chralpyvy, "Bit pattern length dependence of intrachannel nonlinearities in pseudolinear transmission," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1591-1593 (2004)
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

R. Gabitov, P. M. Lushnikov, "Nonlinearity management in a dispersion-managed system," Opt. Lett. 27, 113-115 (2002)
[CrossRef]

R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer,J. Bromage, and C. H. Kim, "Design of Bidirectionally Pumped Fiber Amplifiers Generating Double Rayleigh Backscattering," Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 914-916 (2002)
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

S. Namiki, and Y. Emori, "Ultrabroad-band Raman amplifiers pumped and gain-equalized by wavelength-division-multiplexed high-power laser diodes," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., 7, 3-16 (2001)
[CrossRef]

A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggliolini, "On the optimization of hybrid Raman/erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1170 - 1172 (2001)
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

R.I. Killey, H.J. Thiele, V. Mikhailov and P. Bayvel, "Reduction of intrachannel nonlinear distortion in 40-Gb/s-based WDM transmission over standard fiber," Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1624-1626 (2000)
[CrossRef]

Ania-Castañón, J.D.

J.D. Ania-Castañón, I.O. Nasieva, S.K. Turitsyn, N. Brochier and E. Pincemin, "Optimal span length in high-speed transmission systems with hybrid Raman-erbium-doped fiber amplification," Opt. Lett. 30, 23-25 (2005)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.D. Ania-Castañón, I.O. Nasieva, N. Kurukitkoson, S.K. Turitsyn, C. Borsier and E. Pincemin, "Nonlinearity management in fiber transmission systems with hybrid amplification," Opt. Commun. 233, 353-357 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bayvel, P.

R.I. Killey, H.J. Thiele, V. Mikhailov and P. Bayvel, "Reduction of intrachannel nonlinear distortion in 40-Gb/s-based WDM transmission over standard fiber," Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1624-1626 (2000)
[CrossRef]

Borsier, C.

J.D. Ania-Castañón, I.O. Nasieva, N. Kurukitkoson, S.K. Turitsyn, C. Borsier and E. Pincemin, "Nonlinearity management in fiber transmission systems with hybrid amplification," Opt. Commun. 233, 353-357 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bouteiller, J.-C.

J.-C. Bouteiller, J. Bromage, H.-J. Thiele, L. E. Nelson, K. Brar, and S. Stulz, "An optimization process for Raman-amplified long-span transmission," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 326-328 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Brar, K.

J.-C. Bouteiller, J. Bromage, H.-J. Thiele, L. E. Nelson, K. Brar, and S. Stulz, "An optimization process for Raman-amplified long-span transmission," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 326-328 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Brochier, N.

Bromage, J.

J.-C. Bouteiller, J. Bromage, H.-J. Thiele, L. E. Nelson, K. Brar, and S. Stulz, "An optimization process for Raman-amplified long-span transmission," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 326-328 (2004)
[CrossRef]

R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer,J. Bromage, and C. H. Kim, "Design of Bidirectionally Pumped Fiber Amplifiers Generating Double Rayleigh Backscattering," Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 914-916 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Carena, A.

A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggliolini, "On the optimization of hybrid Raman/erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1170 - 1172 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Chralpyvy, A.R.

L.K. Wickham, R.-J. Essiambre, A.H. Gnauk, P.J. Winzer, and A.R. Chralpyvy, "Bit pattern length dependence of intrachannel nonlinearities in pseudolinear transmission," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1591-1593 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Curri, V.

A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggliolini, "On the optimization of hybrid Raman/erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1170 - 1172 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Driben, R.

R. Driben, B. A. Malomed, and U. Mahlab, "Integration of nonlinearity-management and dispersion-management for pulses in fiber-optic links," Opt. Commun. 232, 129-138 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Emori, Y.

S. Namiki, and Y. Emori, "Ultrabroad-band Raman amplifiers pumped and gain-equalized by wavelength-division-multiplexed high-power laser diodes," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., 7, 3-16 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Essiambre, R.-J.

L.K. Wickham, R.-J. Essiambre, A.H. Gnauk, P.J. Winzer, and A.R. Chralpyvy, "Bit pattern length dependence of intrachannel nonlinearities in pseudolinear transmission," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1591-1593 (2004)
[CrossRef]

R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer,J. Bromage, and C. H. Kim, "Design of Bidirectionally Pumped Fiber Amplifiers Generating Double Rayleigh Backscattering," Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 914-916 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Gabitov, R.

Gnauk, A.H.

L.K. Wickham, R.-J. Essiambre, A.H. Gnauk, P.J. Winzer, and A.R. Chralpyvy, "Bit pattern length dependence of intrachannel nonlinearities in pseudolinear transmission," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1591-1593 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Joindot, I.

I. Joindot, "Dispersion map optimization in hybrid Raman/erbium-doped fiber amplifier-based 40-Gb/s link," Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1555 - 1557 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Killey, R.I.

R.I. Killey, H.J. Thiele, V. Mikhailov and P. Bayvel, "Reduction of intrachannel nonlinear distortion in 40-Gb/s-based WDM transmission over standard fiber," Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1624-1626 (2000)
[CrossRef]

Kim, C. H.

R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer,J. Bromage, and C. H. Kim, "Design of Bidirectionally Pumped Fiber Amplifiers Generating Double Rayleigh Backscattering," Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 914-916 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Kim, N.Y.

Kurukitkoson, N.

J.D. Ania-Castañón, I.O. Nasieva, N. Kurukitkoson, S.K. Turitsyn, C. Borsier and E. Pincemin, "Nonlinearity management in fiber transmission systems with hybrid amplification," Opt. Commun. 233, 353-357 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D.

Lee, H.

Lushnikov, P. M.

Mahlab, U.

R. Driben, B. A. Malomed, and U. Mahlab, "Integration of nonlinearity-management and dispersion-management for pulses in fiber-optic links," Opt. Commun. 232, 129-138 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Malomed, B. A.

R. Driben, B. A. Malomed, and U. Mahlab, "Integration of nonlinearity-management and dispersion-management for pulses in fiber-optic links," Opt. Commun. 232, 129-138 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Mikhailov, V.

R.I. Killey, H.J. Thiele, V. Mikhailov and P. Bayvel, "Reduction of intrachannel nonlinear distortion in 40-Gb/s-based WDM transmission over standard fiber," Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1624-1626 (2000)
[CrossRef]

Namiki, S.

S. Namiki, and Y. Emori, "Ultrabroad-band Raman amplifiers pumped and gain-equalized by wavelength-division-multiplexed high-power laser diodes," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., 7, 3-16 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Nasieva, I.O.

J.D. Ania-Castañón, I.O. Nasieva, S.K. Turitsyn, N. Brochier and E. Pincemin, "Optimal span length in high-speed transmission systems with hybrid Raman-erbium-doped fiber amplification," Opt. Lett. 30, 23-25 (2005)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.D. Ania-Castañón, I.O. Nasieva, N. Kurukitkoson, S.K. Turitsyn, C. Borsier and E. Pincemin, "Nonlinearity management in fiber transmission systems with hybrid amplification," Opt. Commun. 233, 353-357 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L. E.

J.-C. Bouteiller, J. Bromage, H.-J. Thiele, L. E. Nelson, K. Brar, and S. Stulz, "An optimization process for Raman-amplified long-span transmission," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 326-328 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Park, J.

Park, N.

Pincemin, E.

J.D. Ania-Castañón, I.O. Nasieva, S.K. Turitsyn, N. Brochier and E. Pincemin, "Optimal span length in high-speed transmission systems with hybrid Raman-erbium-doped fiber amplification," Opt. Lett. 30, 23-25 (2005)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.D. Ania-Castañón, I.O. Nasieva, N. Kurukitkoson, S.K. Turitsyn, C. Borsier and E. Pincemin, "Nonlinearity management in fiber transmission systems with hybrid amplification," Opt. Commun. 233, 353-357 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Poggliolini, P.

A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggliolini, "On the optimization of hybrid Raman/erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1170 - 1172 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Stulz, S.

J.-C. Bouteiller, J. Bromage, H.-J. Thiele, L. E. Nelson, K. Brar, and S. Stulz, "An optimization process for Raman-amplified long-span transmission," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 326-328 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Thiele, H.J.

R.I. Killey, H.J. Thiele, V. Mikhailov and P. Bayvel, "Reduction of intrachannel nonlinear distortion in 40-Gb/s-based WDM transmission over standard fiber," Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1624-1626 (2000)
[CrossRef]

Thiele, H.-J.

J.-C. Bouteiller, J. Bromage, H.-J. Thiele, L. E. Nelson, K. Brar, and S. Stulz, "An optimization process for Raman-amplified long-span transmission," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 326-328 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Turitsyn, S.K.

J.D. Ania-Castañón, I.O. Nasieva, S.K. Turitsyn, N. Brochier and E. Pincemin, "Optimal span length in high-speed transmission systems with hybrid Raman-erbium-doped fiber amplification," Opt. Lett. 30, 23-25 (2005)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.D. Ania-Castañón, I.O. Nasieva, N. Kurukitkoson, S.K. Turitsyn, C. Borsier and E. Pincemin, "Nonlinearity management in fiber transmission systems with hybrid amplification," Opt. Commun. 233, 353-357 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wickham, L.K.

L.K. Wickham, R.-J. Essiambre, A.H. Gnauk, P.J. Winzer, and A.R. Chralpyvy, "Bit pattern length dependence of intrachannel nonlinearities in pseudolinear transmission," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1591-1593 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Winzer, P.

R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer,J. Bromage, and C. H. Kim, "Design of Bidirectionally Pumped Fiber Amplifiers Generating Double Rayleigh Backscattering," Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 914-916 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Winzer, P.J.

L.K. Wickham, R.-J. Essiambre, A.H. Gnauk, P.J. Winzer, and A.R. Chralpyvy, "Bit pattern length dependence of intrachannel nonlinearities in pseudolinear transmission," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1591-1593 (2004)
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Namiki, and Y. Emori, "Ultrabroad-band Raman amplifiers pumped and gain-equalized by wavelength-division-multiplexed high-power laser diodes," J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., 7, 3-16 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

R. Driben, B. A. Malomed, and U. Mahlab, "Integration of nonlinearity-management and dispersion-management for pulses in fiber-optic links," Opt. Commun. 232, 129-138 (2004)
[CrossRef]

J.D. Ania-Castañón, I.O. Nasieva, N. Kurukitkoson, S.K. Turitsyn, C. Borsier and E. Pincemin, "Nonlinearity management in fiber transmission systems with hybrid amplification," Opt. Commun. 233, 353-357 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

L.K. Wickham, R.-J. Essiambre, A.H. Gnauk, P.J. Winzer, and A.R. Chralpyvy, "Bit pattern length dependence of intrachannel nonlinearities in pseudolinear transmission," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1591-1593 (2004)
[CrossRef]

J.-C. Bouteiller, J. Bromage, H.-J. Thiele, L. E. Nelson, K. Brar, and S. Stulz, "An optimization process for Raman-amplified long-span transmission," Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 326-328 (2004)
[CrossRef]

R.-J. Essiambre, P. Winzer,J. Bromage, and C. H. Kim, "Design of Bidirectionally Pumped Fiber Amplifiers Generating Double Rayleigh Backscattering," Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 914-916 (2002)
[CrossRef]

R.I. Killey, H.J. Thiele, V. Mikhailov and P. Bayvel, "Reduction of intrachannel nonlinear distortion in 40-Gb/s-based WDM transmission over standard fiber," Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1624-1626 (2000)
[CrossRef]

I. Joindot, "Dispersion map optimization in hybrid Raman/erbium-doped fiber amplifier-based 40-Gb/s link," Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1555 - 1557 (2005)
[CrossRef]

A. Carena, V. Curri, P. Poggliolini, "On the optimization of hybrid Raman/erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1170 - 1172 (2001)
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

S. Bigo, "Optimizing terrestrial systems for 40Gbit/s channel rate," Proceedings of the 31st European Conference on Optical Communications 5, pp. 137-157 (2005)

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: GIF (108 KB)     

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

System Schematic.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

NPS vs. η1 and L, with η2 = 1, for an OSNR of 20 dB after 900 km (Animation shows results for different values of η2) [Media 1]

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Max reach (Km) vs. Span length and input power for 16-channel OOK RZ-50% transmission, with no dispersion pre-compensation or average dispersion optimization.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Optimal pre-compensation lengths (red dash) and accumulated NPS (black) vs. η1 and L, for the case of η2 = 1 OSNR = 20 dB

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Reach (Km) vs. pre-compensation length and average dispersion for the optimal span configuration and input average power. White dashed line: expected drift with average dispersion according to Killey’s formula.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

0 z ' P in e α S z dz = z ' L P in e α S z dz ,
D pre = D SMF α S ln ( 2 1 + e α S L ) ND res 2 .
0 z ' P S ( z ) dz = z ' L P S ( z ) dz ,

Metrics