Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a monolithically integrated circuit composed of a reflective concatenated semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) and electro-absorber (EA) for high bit-rate carrier re-modulation. Simultaneous erasure and re-modulation of intensity modulated (IM) signals are shown. Although the experimental results are performed at 5 Gb/s, reflective SOA-EA re-modulators have the potential for operation at higher bit-rates.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and C. Block, "Optical Network Unit Based on a Bidirectional Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifier for Fiber-to-the-Home Networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 250-252 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Ch. Holtmann, R. Dall’Ara, P.-A. Besse, D. Sakellariou, W. Hunziker, and H. Melchior.: "Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifier at 1.3 mm Wavelengths for Customer Connection in Optical Access Networks," OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics 5, Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, 193-196 (1996).</jrn>
  3. M.D. Feuer, J. M. Wiessenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Schunk, and N. K. Dutta, "Single-Port Laser Amplifier Modulators for Local Access," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1175-1177 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on Gain-saturated Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462. (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37,1181-1182 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Otani, T. Miyazaki, and S. Yamamoto, "40-Gb/s Optical 3R Regenerator Using Electroasorption Modulators for Optical Networks," J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 195-200 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Mørk, F. Romstad, S. Højfeldt, L. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, L. Xu, F. Öhman,L. J. Christiansen, A. Tersigni, K. Hoppe, M. Løbel, and J. Hanberg, ’Optical signal processing using electro-absorption modulators’, Proceedings 11th European Conference on Integrated Optics 2, 45-54. (2003).

2005 (2)

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and C. Block, "Optical Network Unit Based on a Bidirectional Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifier for Fiber-to-the-Home Networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 250-252 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on Gain-saturated Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462. (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37,1181-1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M.D. Feuer, J. M. Wiessenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Schunk, and N. K. Dutta, "Single-Port Laser Amplifier Modulators for Local Access," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1175-1177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Arellano, C.

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and C. Block, "Optical Network Unit Based on a Bidirectional Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifier for Fiber-to-the-Home Networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 250-252 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Block, C.

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and C. Block, "Optical Network Unit Based on a Bidirectional Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifier for Fiber-to-the-Home Networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 250-252 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Burrus, C. A.

M.D. Feuer, J. M. Wiessenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Schunk, and N. K. Dutta, "Single-Port Laser Amplifier Modulators for Local Access," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1175-1177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cho, S. H.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on Gain-saturated Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462. (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dutta, N. K.

M.D. Feuer, J. M. Wiessenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Schunk, and N. K. Dutta, "Single-Port Laser Amplifier Modulators for Local Access," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1175-1177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Feuer, M.D.

M.D. Feuer, J. M. Wiessenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Schunk, and N. K. Dutta, "Single-Port Laser Amplifier Modulators for Local Access," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1175-1177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ford, C.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37,1181-1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Healey, P.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37,1181-1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, G.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on Gain-saturated Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462. (2005).
[CrossRef]

Johnston, L.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37,1181-1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on Gain-saturated Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462. (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on Gain-saturated Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462. (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lealman, I.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37,1181-1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on Gain-saturated Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462. (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, W.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on Gain-saturated Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462. (2005).
[CrossRef]

Miyazaki, T.

Moore, R.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37,1181-1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Otani, T.

Park, M. Y.

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on Gain-saturated Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462. (2005).
[CrossRef]

Perino, J. S.

M.D. Feuer, J. M. Wiessenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Schunk, and N. K. Dutta, "Single-Port Laser Amplifier Modulators for Local Access," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1175-1177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Perrin, S.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37,1181-1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Polo, V.

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and C. Block, "Optical Network Unit Based on a Bidirectional Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifier for Fiber-to-the-Home Networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 250-252 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Prat, J.

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and C. Block, "Optical Network Unit Based on a Bidirectional Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifier for Fiber-to-the-Home Networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 250-252 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Raybon, G.

M.D. Feuer, J. M. Wiessenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Schunk, and N. K. Dutta, "Single-Port Laser Amplifier Modulators for Local Access," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1175-1177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rivers, L.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37,1181-1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schunk, S. C.

M.D. Feuer, J. M. Wiessenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Schunk, and N. K. Dutta, "Single-Port Laser Amplifier Modulators for Local Access," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1175-1177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Townley, P.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37,1181-1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Townsend, P.

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37,1181-1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wiessenfeld, J. M.

M.D. Feuer, J. M. Wiessenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Schunk, and N. K. Dutta, "Single-Port Laser Amplifier Modulators for Local Access," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1175-1177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, S.

Electron. Lett. (1)

P. Healey, P. Townsend, C. Ford, L. Johnston, P. Townley, I. Lealman, L. Rivers, S. Perrin, and R. Moore, "Spectral slicing WDM-PON using wavelength-seeded reflective SOAs," Electron. Lett. 37,1181-1182 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

J. Prat, C. Arellano, V. Polo, and C. Block, "Optical Network Unit Based on a Bidirectional Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifier for Fiber-to-the-Home Networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 250-252 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M.D. Feuer, J. M. Wiessenfeld, J. S. Perino, C. A. Burrus, G. Raybon, S. C. Schunk, and N. K. Dutta, "Single-Port Laser Amplifier Modulators for Local Access," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1175-1177 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. Lee, M. Y. Park, S. H. Cho, J. Lee, C. Kim, G. Jeong, and B. Kim, "Bidirectional WDM-PON based on Gain-saturated Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2460-2462. (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Other (2)

J. Mørk, F. Romstad, S. Højfeldt, L. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, L. Xu, F. Öhman,L. J. Christiansen, A. Tersigni, K. Hoppe, M. Løbel, and J. Hanberg, ’Optical signal processing using electro-absorption modulators’, Proceedings 11th European Conference on Integrated Optics 2, 45-54. (2003).

Ch. Holtmann, R. Dall’Ara, P.-A. Besse, D. Sakellariou, W. Hunziker, and H. Melchior.: "Reflective Semiconductor Optical Amplifier at 1.3 mm Wavelengths for Customer Connection in Optical Access Networks," OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics 5, Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, 193-196 (1996).</jrn>

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Photograph and schematic layout of the reflective semiconductor electro-absorption (R-SOA-EA) re-modulator.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup for the bit-error rate (BER) measurements. PPG: pulse pattern generator, MZI: Mach-Zehnder Interferometer intensity modulator, BERT: bit-error rate test-set, Rx: receiver, OBPF: optical band-pass filter, PC: polarization controller, VOA: optical variable attenuator, IM: intensity modulation.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Eye diagrams. (a) Modulated CW signal at 4 Gb/s and (b) at 5 Gb/s bit rate by using direct voltage modulation of the EA section of the R-SOA-EA device. (c) Eye diagram of downstream signal at 5 Gb/s with an extinction ratio of 6 dB, and (d) corresponding re-modulated signal at 5 Gb/s. Horizontal scale 100 ps/div. for all eye-diagrams.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

BER measurements as a function of the average input optical power to the receiver. ● Modulation of CW signal at 4 Gb/s. ○ IM re-modulation at 4 Gb/s. ▼ Modulation of CW signal at 5 Gb/s. ▽ IM re-modulation at 5 Gb/s

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