Abstract

An efficient Erbium-doped fiber amplifier configured in double-pass amplification scheme with chirped fiber Bragg grating as the reflector is presented in this paper. The proposed amplifier architecture is optimized and designed to work under consideration of low pump powers for remotely-pumped applications. The chirped fiber Bragg grating is used to reflect the amplified signal back to the Erbium-doped fiber and at the same time to compensate the effect of fiber dispersion. The proposed amplifier architecture is able to maintain gain of higher than 20 dB for small signals less than -23 dBm with 10 mW pump power only. The integrated function of loss and dispersion compensator in single black box is an attractive solution to be used as pre-amplifier.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. P. Koplow, S. W. Moore, and D. A. V. Kliner, "A new method for side pumping of double-clad fiber sources," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 529-540 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Maeda, G. Funatsu, and A. Naka, "Ultra-long-span 500 km 16 x 10 Gbit/s WDM unrepeatered transmission using RZ-DPSK format," Electron. Lett. 41, 34 - 35 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Hogari, K. Toge, N. Yoshizawa, and I. Sankawa, "Low-loss submarine optical fibre cable for repeaterless submarine transmission system employing remotely pumped EDF and distributed Raman amplification," Electron. Lett. 39, 1141-1143 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Masuda, H. Kawakami, S. Kuwahara, and Y. Miyamoto "1.28 Tbit/s (32 x 43 Gbit/s) field trial over 528 km (6 x 88 km) DSF using L-band remotely-pumped EDF/distributed Raman hybrid inline amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 39, 1668-1669 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Nakano and S. Sasaki, "Dispersion-compensator incorporated optical fiber amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 626-628 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov, and J. R. Taylor, "Gain and saturation characteristics of dual-wavelength-pumped silica-fibre Raman amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 35, 1178-1179 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. Ouellette, "Dispersion cancellation using linearly chirped Bragg grating filters in optical waveguides," Opt. Lett. 12, 847-849 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. L. Tzeng, H. C. Chang, and Y. K. Chen, "Chirped-fibre-grating-based optical limiting amplifier for simultaneous dispersion compensation and limiting amplification in 10 Gbit/s G.652 fibre link," Electron. Lett. 35, 658-660 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Namiki, S. Koji, N. Tsukiji, and S. Shikii, "Challenges of Raman amplification," IEEE Proc. 94, 1024-1035 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. E. Desurvire, Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers: Principles and applications (John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, 1994).
  11. A. W. Naji, M. S. Z. Abidin, A. M. Kassir, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "Trade-off between single and double pass amplification schemes of 1480 nm-pumped EDFA," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 38-40 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

S. Namiki, S. Koji, N. Tsukiji, and S. Shikii, "Challenges of Raman amplification," IEEE Proc. 94, 1024-1035 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

H. Maeda, G. Funatsu, and A. Naka, "Ultra-long-span 500 km 16 x 10 Gbit/s WDM unrepeatered transmission using RZ-DPSK format," Electron. Lett. 41, 34 - 35 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

A. W. Naji, M. S. Z. Abidin, A. M. Kassir, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "Trade-off between single and double pass amplification schemes of 1480 nm-pumped EDFA," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 38-40 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

K. Hogari, K. Toge, N. Yoshizawa, and I. Sankawa, "Low-loss submarine optical fibre cable for repeaterless submarine transmission system employing remotely pumped EDF and distributed Raman amplification," Electron. Lett. 39, 1141-1143 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Masuda, H. Kawakami, S. Kuwahara, and Y. Miyamoto "1.28 Tbit/s (32 x 43 Gbit/s) field trial over 528 km (6 x 88 km) DSF using L-band remotely-pumped EDF/distributed Raman hybrid inline amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 39, 1668-1669 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Koplow, S. W. Moore, and D. A. V. Kliner, "A new method for side pumping of double-clad fiber sources," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 529-540 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

S. L. Tzeng, H. C. Chang, and Y. K. Chen, "Chirped-fibre-grating-based optical limiting amplifier for simultaneous dispersion compensation and limiting amplification in 10 Gbit/s G.652 fibre link," Electron. Lett. 35, 658-660 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov, and J. R. Taylor, "Gain and saturation characteristics of dual-wavelength-pumped silica-fibre Raman amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 35, 1178-1179 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

H. Nakano and S. Sasaki, "Dispersion-compensator incorporated optical fiber amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 626-628 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

Abdullah, M. K.

A. W. Naji, M. S. Z. Abidin, A. M. Kassir, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "Trade-off between single and double pass amplification schemes of 1480 nm-pumped EDFA," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 38-40 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Abidin, M. S. Z.

A. W. Naji, M. S. Z. Abidin, A. M. Kassir, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "Trade-off between single and double pass amplification schemes of 1480 nm-pumped EDFA," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 38-40 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Al-Mansoori, M. H.

A. W. Naji, M. S. Z. Abidin, A. M. Kassir, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "Trade-off between single and double pass amplification schemes of 1480 nm-pumped EDFA," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 38-40 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chang, H. C.

S. L. Tzeng, H. C. Chang, and Y. K. Chen, "Chirped-fibre-grating-based optical limiting amplifier for simultaneous dispersion compensation and limiting amplification in 10 Gbit/s G.652 fibre link," Electron. Lett. 35, 658-660 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. K.

S. L. Tzeng, H. C. Chang, and Y. K. Chen, "Chirped-fibre-grating-based optical limiting amplifier for simultaneous dispersion compensation and limiting amplification in 10 Gbit/s G.652 fibre link," Electron. Lett. 35, 658-660 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chernikov, S. V.

S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov, and J. R. Taylor, "Gain and saturation characteristics of dual-wavelength-pumped silica-fibre Raman amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 35, 1178-1179 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Funatsu, G.

H. Maeda, G. Funatsu, and A. Naka, "Ultra-long-span 500 km 16 x 10 Gbit/s WDM unrepeatered transmission using RZ-DPSK format," Electron. Lett. 41, 34 - 35 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hogari, K.

K. Hogari, K. Toge, N. Yoshizawa, and I. Sankawa, "Low-loss submarine optical fibre cable for repeaterless submarine transmission system employing remotely pumped EDF and distributed Raman amplification," Electron. Lett. 39, 1141-1143 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kassir, A. M.

A. W. Naji, M. S. Z. Abidin, A. M. Kassir, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "Trade-off between single and double pass amplification schemes of 1480 nm-pumped EDFA," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 38-40 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kawakami, H.

H. Masuda, H. Kawakami, S. Kuwahara, and Y. Miyamoto "1.28 Tbit/s (32 x 43 Gbit/s) field trial over 528 km (6 x 88 km) DSF using L-band remotely-pumped EDF/distributed Raman hybrid inline amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 39, 1668-1669 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kliner, D. A. V.

J. P. Koplow, S. W. Moore, and D. A. V. Kliner, "A new method for side pumping of double-clad fiber sources," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 529-540 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Koji, S.

S. Namiki, S. Koji, N. Tsukiji, and S. Shikii, "Challenges of Raman amplification," IEEE Proc. 94, 1024-1035 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Koplow, J. P.

J. P. Koplow, S. W. Moore, and D. A. V. Kliner, "A new method for side pumping of double-clad fiber sources," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 529-540 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kuwahara, S.

H. Masuda, H. Kawakami, S. Kuwahara, and Y. Miyamoto "1.28 Tbit/s (32 x 43 Gbit/s) field trial over 528 km (6 x 88 km) DSF using L-band remotely-pumped EDF/distributed Raman hybrid inline amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 39, 1668-1669 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lewis, S. A. E.

S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov, and J. R. Taylor, "Gain and saturation characteristics of dual-wavelength-pumped silica-fibre Raman amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 35, 1178-1179 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Maeda, H.

H. Maeda, G. Funatsu, and A. Naka, "Ultra-long-span 500 km 16 x 10 Gbit/s WDM unrepeatered transmission using RZ-DPSK format," Electron. Lett. 41, 34 - 35 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mahdi, M. A.

A. W. Naji, M. S. Z. Abidin, A. M. Kassir, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "Trade-off between single and double pass amplification schemes of 1480 nm-pumped EDFA," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 38-40 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Masuda, H.

H. Masuda, H. Kawakami, S. Kuwahara, and Y. Miyamoto "1.28 Tbit/s (32 x 43 Gbit/s) field trial over 528 km (6 x 88 km) DSF using L-band remotely-pumped EDF/distributed Raman hybrid inline amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 39, 1668-1669 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Miyamoto, Y.

H. Masuda, H. Kawakami, S. Kuwahara, and Y. Miyamoto "1.28 Tbit/s (32 x 43 Gbit/s) field trial over 528 km (6 x 88 km) DSF using L-band remotely-pumped EDF/distributed Raman hybrid inline amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 39, 1668-1669 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Moore, S. W.

J. P. Koplow, S. W. Moore, and D. A. V. Kliner, "A new method for side pumping of double-clad fiber sources," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 529-540 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Naji, A. W.

A. W. Naji, M. S. Z. Abidin, A. M. Kassir, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "Trade-off between single and double pass amplification schemes of 1480 nm-pumped EDFA," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 38-40 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Naka, A.

H. Maeda, G. Funatsu, and A. Naka, "Ultra-long-span 500 km 16 x 10 Gbit/s WDM unrepeatered transmission using RZ-DPSK format," Electron. Lett. 41, 34 - 35 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakano, H.

H. Nakano and S. Sasaki, "Dispersion-compensator incorporated optical fiber amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 626-628 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Namiki, S.

S. Namiki, S. Koji, N. Tsukiji, and S. Shikii, "Challenges of Raman amplification," IEEE Proc. 94, 1024-1035 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ouellette, F.

Sankawa, I.

K. Hogari, K. Toge, N. Yoshizawa, and I. Sankawa, "Low-loss submarine optical fibre cable for repeaterless submarine transmission system employing remotely pumped EDF and distributed Raman amplification," Electron. Lett. 39, 1141-1143 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, S.

H. Nakano and S. Sasaki, "Dispersion-compensator incorporated optical fiber amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 626-628 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shikii, S.

S. Namiki, S. Koji, N. Tsukiji, and S. Shikii, "Challenges of Raman amplification," IEEE Proc. 94, 1024-1035 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov, and J. R. Taylor, "Gain and saturation characteristics of dual-wavelength-pumped silica-fibre Raman amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 35, 1178-1179 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Toge, K.

K. Hogari, K. Toge, N. Yoshizawa, and I. Sankawa, "Low-loss submarine optical fibre cable for repeaterless submarine transmission system employing remotely pumped EDF and distributed Raman amplification," Electron. Lett. 39, 1141-1143 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tsukiji, N.

S. Namiki, S. Koji, N. Tsukiji, and S. Shikii, "Challenges of Raman amplification," IEEE Proc. 94, 1024-1035 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tzeng, S. L.

S. L. Tzeng, H. C. Chang, and Y. K. Chen, "Chirped-fibre-grating-based optical limiting amplifier for simultaneous dispersion compensation and limiting amplification in 10 Gbit/s G.652 fibre link," Electron. Lett. 35, 658-660 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yoshizawa, N.

K. Hogari, K. Toge, N. Yoshizawa, and I. Sankawa, "Low-loss submarine optical fibre cable for repeaterless submarine transmission system employing remotely pumped EDF and distributed Raman amplification," Electron. Lett. 39, 1141-1143 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (5)

H. Maeda, G. Funatsu, and A. Naka, "Ultra-long-span 500 km 16 x 10 Gbit/s WDM unrepeatered transmission using RZ-DPSK format," Electron. Lett. 41, 34 - 35 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Hogari, K. Toge, N. Yoshizawa, and I. Sankawa, "Low-loss submarine optical fibre cable for repeaterless submarine transmission system employing remotely pumped EDF and distributed Raman amplification," Electron. Lett. 39, 1141-1143 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Masuda, H. Kawakami, S. Kuwahara, and Y. Miyamoto "1.28 Tbit/s (32 x 43 Gbit/s) field trial over 528 km (6 x 88 km) DSF using L-band remotely-pumped EDF/distributed Raman hybrid inline amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 39, 1668-1669 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. A. E. Lewis, S. V. Chernikov, and J. R. Taylor, "Gain and saturation characteristics of dual-wavelength-pumped silica-fibre Raman amplifiers," Electron. Lett. 35, 1178-1179 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Tzeng, H. C. Chang, and Y. K. Chen, "Chirped-fibre-grating-based optical limiting amplifier for simultaneous dispersion compensation and limiting amplification in 10 Gbit/s G.652 fibre link," Electron. Lett. 35, 658-660 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. P. Koplow, S. W. Moore, and D. A. V. Kliner, "A new method for side pumping of double-clad fiber sources," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 529-540 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

H. Nakano and S. Sasaki, "Dispersion-compensator incorporated optical fiber amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 626-628 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Proc. (1)

S. Namiki, S. Koji, N. Tsukiji, and S. Shikii, "Challenges of Raman amplification," IEEE Proc. 94, 1024-1035 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. W. Naji, M. S. Z. Abidin, A. M. Kassir, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. K. Abdullah, and M. A. Mahdi, "Trade-off between single and double pass amplification schemes of 1480 nm-pumped EDFA," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 43, 38-40 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (1)

E. Desurvire, Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers: Principles and applications (John Wiley & Sons Inc., New York, 1994).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Dual-function double-pass R-EDFA with CFBG configuration.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Gain and noise figure characteristics with variation in pump power at -27 dBm input power, gain coefficient is calculated to determine the optical amplifier efficiency.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Gain and noise figure against signal power for single-pass R-EDFA and double-pass R-EDFA with CFBG, the pump power is fixed to 10 mW.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Figure of Merit against input signal power at 10 mW pump power for single-pass and double-pass R-EDFAs.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Experimental setup of BER measurement to evaluate the Figure of Merit analysis.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

BER against received signal power for back-to-back measurement (oe-14-18-8054-i001), single-pass R-EDFA (oe-14-18-8054-i002) and double-pass R-EDFA with CFBG (oe-14-18-8054-i003) using (a) -35 dBm, (b) -23 dBm and (c) -15 dBm signal powers.

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