Abstract

A power-scalable approach for THz generation is demonstrated using optical rectification in GaP pumped by a high power ultrafast Yb-doped fiber amplifier operating at 1.055 μm. A 120-MHz-repetition-rate pulse train of single-cycle THz radiation with 6.5 μW average power is generated using 10 W from a parabolic fiber amplifier. Analysis of the THz power scalability indicates that due to the unique advantages offered by ultrafast optical rectification in GaP and due to the power scalability of fiber lasers, this approach has the potential to generate single-cycle THz pulse trains with average powers up to several mW.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  2. M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, "Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56 μm fiber laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3974 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. Imeshev, M. E. Fermann, K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, D. Bliss, and C. Lynch, "High-power source of THz radiation based on orientation-patterned GaAs pumped by a fiber laser," Opt. Express 14, 4439 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  13. J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, T. Clausnitzer, K. Zollner, H. J. Fuchs, E. B. Kley, H. Zellmer, A. Tunnermann, "High-power femtosecond Yb-doped fiber amplifier," Opt. Express 10, 628 (2002).
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    [CrossRef]

2006 (3)

G. Imeshev, M. E. Fermann, K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, D. Bliss, and C. Lynch, "High-power source of THz radiation based on orientation-patterned GaAs pumped by a fiber laser," Opt. Express 14, 4439 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Matthäus, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, G. Torosyan, R. Beigang, S. Riehemann, G. Notni, and A. Tünnermann, " Surface-emitted THz generation using a compact ultrashort pulse fiber amplifier at 1060 nm," Opt. Commun. 261, 114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

I. Tomita, H. Suzuki, H. Ito, H. Takenouchi, K. Ajito, R. Rungsawang, and Y. Ueno, "Terahertz-wave generation from quasi-phase-matched GaP for 1.55 um pumping," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (4)

G. Chang, A. Galvanauskas, H. G. Winful, T. B. Norris, "Dependence of parabolic pulse amplification on stimulated Raman scattering and gain bandwidth," Opt. Lett. 29, 2647 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. J. Ding, "Quasi-single-cycle terahertz pulses based on broadband-phase-matched difference-frequency generation in second-order nonlinear medium: high output powers and conversion efficiencies," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9243 (2004).

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, "Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56 μm fiber laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3974 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Taniuch and H. Nakanishi, "Collinear phase-matched terahertz-wave generation in GaP crystal using a dual-wavelength optical parametric oscillator," J. Appl. Phys. 95, 7588 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

T. Tanabe, K. Suto, J. Nishizawa, K. Saito, and T. Kimura, "Tunable terahertz wave generation in the 3-to 7-THz region from GaP," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 237-239 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

A. Galvanauskas, "Mode-scalable fiber-based chirped pulse amplification systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 504 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

Q. Wu and X. C. Zhang, "7 terahertz broadband GaP electro-optic sensor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1784 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1977 (1)

A. F. Gibson, C. B. Hatch, M. F. Kimmitt, S. Kothari and A. Serafetinides, "Optical rectification and photon drag in n-type gallium phosphide," J. Phys. C. Solid State Phys. 10, 905 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Ajito, K.

I. Tomita, H. Suzuki, H. Ito, H. Takenouchi, K. Ajito, R. Rungsawang, and Y. Ueno, "Terahertz-wave generation from quasi-phase-matched GaP for 1.55 um pumping," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Beigang, R.

G. Matthäus, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, G. Torosyan, R. Beigang, S. Riehemann, G. Notni, and A. Tünnermann, " Surface-emitted THz generation using a compact ultrashort pulse fiber amplifier at 1060 nm," Opt. Commun. 261, 114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bessho, T.

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, "Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56 μm fiber laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3974 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bliss, D.

Chang, G.

Clausnitzer, T.

Ding, Y. J.

W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, "Tunable terahertz waves generated by mixing two copropagating infrared beams in GaP," Opt. Lett. 30, 1030 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. J. Ding, "Quasi-single-cycle terahertz pulses based on broadband-phase-matched difference-frequency generation in second-order nonlinear medium: high output powers and conversion efficiencies," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9243 (2004).

Dudley, J. M.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Exter, M.

Fattinger, C.

Fejer, M. M.

Fermann, M. E.

G. Imeshev, M. E. Fermann, K. L. Vodopyanov, M. M. Fejer, X. Yu, J. S. Harris, D. Bliss, and C. Lynch, "High-power source of THz radiation based on orientation-patterned GaAs pumped by a fiber laser," Opt. Express 14, 4439 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fuchs, H. J.

Galvanauskas, A.

Gibson, A. F.

A. F. Gibson, C. B. Hatch, M. F. Kimmitt, S. Kothari and A. Serafetinides, "Optical rectification and photon drag in n-type gallium phosphide," J. Phys. C. Solid State Phys. 10, 905 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

Harris, J. S.

Harvey, J. D.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hatch, C. B.

A. F. Gibson, C. B. Hatch, M. F. Kimmitt, S. Kothari and A. Serafetinides, "Optical rectification and photon drag in n-type gallium phosphide," J. Phys. C. Solid State Phys. 10, 905 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Hirosumi, T.

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, "Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56 μm fiber laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3974 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Imeshev, G.

Ito, H.

I. Tomita, H. Suzuki, H. Ito, H. Takenouchi, K. Ajito, R. Rungsawang, and Y. Ueno, "Terahertz-wave generation from quasi-phase-matched GaP for 1.55 um pumping," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kimmitt, M. F.

A. F. Gibson, C. B. Hatch, M. F. Kimmitt, S. Kothari and A. Serafetinides, "Optical rectification and photon drag in n-type gallium phosphide," J. Phys. C. Solid State Phys. 10, 905 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, T.

T. Tanabe, K. Suto, J. Nishizawa, K. Saito, and T. Kimura, "Tunable terahertz wave generation in the 3-to 7-THz region from GaP," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 237-239 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kley, E. B.

Kothari, S.

A. F. Gibson, C. B. Hatch, M. F. Kimmitt, S. Kothari and A. Serafetinides, "Optical rectification and photon drag in n-type gallium phosphide," J. Phys. C. Solid State Phys. 10, 905 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Kruglov, V. I.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Limpert, J.

G. Matthäus, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, G. Torosyan, R. Beigang, S. Riehemann, G. Notni, and A. Tünnermann, " Surface-emitted THz generation using a compact ultrashort pulse fiber amplifier at 1060 nm," Opt. Commun. 261, 114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, T. Clausnitzer, K. Zollner, H. J. Fuchs, E. B. Kley, H. Zellmer, A. Tunnermann, "High-power femtosecond Yb-doped fiber amplifier," Opt. Express 10, 628 (2002).
[PubMed]

Lynch, C.

Matthäus, G.

G. Matthäus, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, G. Torosyan, R. Beigang, S. Riehemann, G. Notni, and A. Tünnermann, " Surface-emitted THz generation using a compact ultrashort pulse fiber amplifier at 1060 nm," Opt. Commun. 261, 114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nagai, M.

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, "Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56 μm fiber laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3974 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nakanishi, H.

T. Taniuch and H. Nakanishi, "Collinear phase-matched terahertz-wave generation in GaP crystal using a dual-wavelength optical parametric oscillator," J. Appl. Phys. 95, 7588 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nishizawa, J.

T. Tanabe, K. Suto, J. Nishizawa, K. Saito, and T. Kimura, "Tunable terahertz wave generation in the 3-to 7-THz region from GaP," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 237-239 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, S.

G. Matthäus, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, G. Torosyan, R. Beigang, S. Riehemann, G. Notni, and A. Tünnermann, " Surface-emitted THz generation using a compact ultrashort pulse fiber amplifier at 1060 nm," Opt. Commun. 261, 114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Norris, T. B.

Notni, G.

G. Matthäus, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, G. Torosyan, R. Beigang, S. Riehemann, G. Notni, and A. Tünnermann, " Surface-emitted THz generation using a compact ultrashort pulse fiber amplifier at 1060 nm," Opt. Commun. 261, 114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ohtake, H.

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, "Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56 μm fiber laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3974 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Riehemann, S.

G. Matthäus, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, G. Torosyan, R. Beigang, S. Riehemann, G. Notni, and A. Tünnermann, " Surface-emitted THz generation using a compact ultrashort pulse fiber amplifier at 1060 nm," Opt. Commun. 261, 114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rungsawang, R.

I. Tomita, H. Suzuki, H. Ito, H. Takenouchi, K. Ajito, R. Rungsawang, and Y. Ueno, "Terahertz-wave generation from quasi-phase-matched GaP for 1.55 um pumping," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Saito, K.

T. Tanabe, K. Suto, J. Nishizawa, K. Saito, and T. Kimura, "Tunable terahertz wave generation in the 3-to 7-THz region from GaP," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 237-239 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schreiber, T.

G. Matthäus, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, G. Torosyan, R. Beigang, S. Riehemann, G. Notni, and A. Tünnermann, " Surface-emitted THz generation using a compact ultrashort pulse fiber amplifier at 1060 nm," Opt. Commun. 261, 114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, T. Clausnitzer, K. Zollner, H. J. Fuchs, E. B. Kley, H. Zellmer, A. Tunnermann, "High-power femtosecond Yb-doped fiber amplifier," Opt. Express 10, 628 (2002).
[PubMed]

Serafetinides, A.

A. F. Gibson, C. B. Hatch, M. F. Kimmitt, S. Kothari and A. Serafetinides, "Optical rectification and photon drag in n-type gallium phosphide," J. Phys. C. Solid State Phys. 10, 905 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Shi, W.

Sugiura, T.

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, "Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56 μm fiber laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3974 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Suto, K.

T. Tanabe, K. Suto, J. Nishizawa, K. Saito, and T. Kimura, "Tunable terahertz wave generation in the 3-to 7-THz region from GaP," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 237-239 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, H.

I. Tomita, H. Suzuki, H. Ito, H. Takenouchi, K. Ajito, R. Rungsawang, and Y. Ueno, "Terahertz-wave generation from quasi-phase-matched GaP for 1.55 um pumping," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Takenouchi, H.

I. Tomita, H. Suzuki, H. Ito, H. Takenouchi, K. Ajito, R. Rungsawang, and Y. Ueno, "Terahertz-wave generation from quasi-phase-matched GaP for 1.55 um pumping," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tanabe, T.

T. Tanabe, K. Suto, J. Nishizawa, K. Saito, and T. Kimura, "Tunable terahertz wave generation in the 3-to 7-THz region from GaP," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 237-239 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, K.

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, "Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56 μm fiber laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3974 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Taniuch, T.

T. Taniuch and H. Nakanishi, "Collinear phase-matched terahertz-wave generation in GaP crystal using a dual-wavelength optical parametric oscillator," J. Appl. Phys. 95, 7588 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Thomsen, B. C.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tomita, I.

I. Tomita, H. Suzuki, H. Ito, H. Takenouchi, K. Ajito, R. Rungsawang, and Y. Ueno, "Terahertz-wave generation from quasi-phase-matched GaP for 1.55 um pumping," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Torosyan, G.

G. Matthäus, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, G. Torosyan, R. Beigang, S. Riehemann, G. Notni, and A. Tünnermann, " Surface-emitted THz generation using a compact ultrashort pulse fiber amplifier at 1060 nm," Opt. Commun. 261, 114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tunnermann, A.

Tünnermann, A.

G. Matthäus, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, G. Torosyan, R. Beigang, S. Riehemann, G. Notni, and A. Tünnermann, " Surface-emitted THz generation using a compact ultrashort pulse fiber amplifier at 1060 nm," Opt. Commun. 261, 114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ueno, Y.

I. Tomita, H. Suzuki, H. Ito, H. Takenouchi, K. Ajito, R. Rungsawang, and Y. Ueno, "Terahertz-wave generation from quasi-phase-matched GaP for 1.55 um pumping," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vodopyanov, K. L.

Winful, H. G.

Wu, Q.

Q. Wu and X. C. Zhang, "7 terahertz broadband GaP electro-optic sensor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1784 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, M.

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, "Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56 μm fiber laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3974 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yu, X.

Zellmer, H.

Zhang, X. C.

Q. Wu and X. C. Zhang, "7 terahertz broadband GaP electro-optic sensor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1784 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zollner, K.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

M. Nagai, K. Tanaka, H. Ohtake, T. Bessho, T. Sugiura, T. Hirosumi, and M. Yoshida, "Generation and detection of terahertz radiation by electro-optical process in GaAs using 1.56 μm fiber laser pulses," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3974 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu and X. C. Zhang, "7 terahertz broadband GaP electro-optic sensor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 1784 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Tanabe, K. Suto, J. Nishizawa, K. Saito, and T. Kimura, "Tunable terahertz wave generation in the 3-to 7-THz region from GaP," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 237-239 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Tomita, H. Suzuki, H. Ito, H. Takenouchi, K. Ajito, R. Rungsawang, and Y. Ueno, "Terahertz-wave generation from quasi-phase-matched GaP for 1.55 um pumping," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 071118 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

Y. J. Ding, "Quasi-single-cycle terahertz pulses based on broadband-phase-matched difference-frequency generation in second-order nonlinear medium: high output powers and conversion efficiencies," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9243 (2004).

A. Galvanauskas, "Mode-scalable fiber-based chirped pulse amplification systems," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 504 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Taniuch and H. Nakanishi, "Collinear phase-matched terahertz-wave generation in GaP crystal using a dual-wavelength optical parametric oscillator," J. Appl. Phys. 95, 7588 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. C. Solid State Phys. (1)

A. F. Gibson, C. B. Hatch, M. F. Kimmitt, S. Kothari and A. Serafetinides, "Optical rectification and photon drag in n-type gallium phosphide," J. Phys. C. Solid State Phys. 10, 905 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. Matthäus, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, S. Nolte, G. Torosyan, R. Beigang, S. Riehemann, G. Notni, and A. Tünnermann, " Surface-emitted THz generation using a compact ultrashort pulse fiber amplifier at 1060 nm," Opt. Commun. 261, 114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, J. D. Harvey, "Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 6010 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

K. H. Liao, K. C. Hou, G. Q. Chang, V. Smirnov, L. Glebov, R. Changkakoti, P. Mamidipudi, and A. Galvanauskas, "Diffraction-limited 65-um core Yb-doped LMA fiber based high energy fiber CPA system," in postdeadline of CLEO/QELS 2006 (Optical Society of America, Long Beach, CA 2006).

Handbook of optical constants of solids II, E. D. Palik, ed., (Academic, Boston, 1991).

D. Mittleman, ed., "Sensing with teraherz radiation," (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2003).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup for THz wave generation and detection. HDPE: high density polyethylene, PBGF: photonic bandgap fiber.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Autocorrelation width of the optical pulse after compression. (inset) Autocorrelation trace at 10W pump power

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

THz pulse (inset) and power spectrum obtained with 8.5 W optical pump power.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) THz power scaling with fixed compression. (b) Coherence length of GaP versus THz frequency given different pump wavelengths.

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