Abstract

All-optical phase correction scheme for few-cycle optical pulses has been proposed. The temporal phase structure of a phase-modulated pulse is recorded as spatial index modulation in a two-photon recording medium. This scheme drastically relaxes complicacy in stretcher design for few-cycle chirped pulse amplification (CPA) systems.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. F. Verluise, V. Laude, Z. Cheng, Ch. Spielmann, and P. Tournois, “Amplitude and phase control of ultrashort pulses by use of an acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter: pulse compression and shaping,” Opt. Lett. 25, 575–577 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  2. K. Yamane, Z. Zhang, K. Oka, R. Morita, M. Yamashita, and A. Suguro, “Optical pulse compression to 3.4 fs in the monocycle region by feedback phase compensation,” Opt. Lett. 28, 2258–2260 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. A. Baltuska, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, “Amplitude and phase characterization of 4.5-fs pulses by frequency-resolved optical gating,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1474–1476 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  4. P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Zero-additional-phase SPIDER: full characterization of visible and sub-20-fs ultraviolet pulses,” Opt. Lett. 29, 210–212 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. D. Marom, D. Panasenko, R. Rokitski, P.-C. Sun, and Y. Fainman, “Time reversal of ultrafast waveforms by wave mixing of spectrally decomposed waves,” Opt. Lett. 25, 132–134 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  6. H. Nishioka, S. Ichihashi, and K. Ueda, “Frequency-domain phase-conjugate femtosecond pulse generation using frequency resolved cross phase modulation,” Opt. Express 10, 920–926 (2002).
    [PubMed]
  7. A. M. Weiner, “Comment on “Time reversal of ultrafast waveforms by wave mixing of spectrally decomposed waves,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1207–1208 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  8. D. A. B. Miller, “Time reversal of optical pulses by four-wave mixing,” Opt. Lett. 5, 300–302 (1980).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. M. Mitsunaga and N. Uesugi, “248-Bit optical data storage in Eu3+:YAlO3 by accumulated photon echoes,” Opt. Lett. 15, 195–197 (1990).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. H. Nishioka and K. Ueda, Femtosecond pulse recoding and regeneration by a two-photon gated periodic diffractive optics, Vol. 79, Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, 2004), p. 777.
  11. L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, “Characterization of sub-6-fs optical pulses with spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1314–1316 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  12. H. Nishioka, K. Hayakawa, H. Tomita, and K. Ueda, “Frequency-domain phase conjugator for a few-cycle and a few-nJ optical pulses,” in Proceedings of the Joint Conference on Ultrafast Optics V and Applications of High Field and Short Wavelength Sources XI (2005), paper M4-6.
  13. H. Tomita, K. Hayasaka, H. Nishioka, and K. Ueda “Automatic compensation of higher-order dispersion in chirped pulse amplification system by a nonlinear-recorded diffractive optics,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO’06) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper ThEE5.

2005 (1)

H. Nishioka, K. Hayakawa, H. Tomita, and K. Ueda, “Frequency-domain phase conjugator for a few-cycle and a few-nJ optical pulses,” in Proceedings of the Joint Conference on Ultrafast Optics V and Applications of High Field and Short Wavelength Sources XI (2005), paper M4-6.

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

2000 (3)

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

1990 (1)

1980 (1)

Baltuska, A.

Baum, P.

Cheng, Z.

Fainman, Y.

Gallmann, L.

Hayakawa, K.

H. Nishioka, K. Hayakawa, H. Tomita, and K. Ueda, “Frequency-domain phase conjugator for a few-cycle and a few-nJ optical pulses,” in Proceedings of the Joint Conference on Ultrafast Optics V and Applications of High Field and Short Wavelength Sources XI (2005), paper M4-6.

Hayasaka, K.

H. Tomita, K. Hayasaka, H. Nishioka, and K. Ueda “Automatic compensation of higher-order dispersion in chirped pulse amplification system by a nonlinear-recorded diffractive optics,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO’06) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper ThEE5.

Iaconis, C.

Ichihashi, S.

Keller, U.

Laude, V.

Lochbrunner, S.

Marom, D.

Matuschek, N.

Miller, D. A. B.

Mitsunaga, M.

Morita, R.

Nishioka, H.

H. Nishioka, K. Hayakawa, H. Tomita, and K. Ueda, “Frequency-domain phase conjugator for a few-cycle and a few-nJ optical pulses,” in Proceedings of the Joint Conference on Ultrafast Optics V and Applications of High Field and Short Wavelength Sources XI (2005), paper M4-6.

H. Nishioka, S. Ichihashi, and K. Ueda, “Frequency-domain phase-conjugate femtosecond pulse generation using frequency resolved cross phase modulation,” Opt. Express 10, 920–926 (2002).
[PubMed]

H. Tomita, K. Hayasaka, H. Nishioka, and K. Ueda “Automatic compensation of higher-order dispersion in chirped pulse amplification system by a nonlinear-recorded diffractive optics,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO’06) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper ThEE5.

H. Nishioka and K. Ueda, Femtosecond pulse recoding and regeneration by a two-photon gated periodic diffractive optics, Vol. 79, Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, 2004), p. 777.

Oka, K.

Panasenko, D.

Pshenichnikov, M. S.

Riedle, E.

Rokitski, R.

Spielmann, Ch.

Steinmeyer, G.

Suguro, A.

Sun, P.-C.

Sutter, D. H.

Tomita, H.

H. Nishioka, K. Hayakawa, H. Tomita, and K. Ueda, “Frequency-domain phase conjugator for a few-cycle and a few-nJ optical pulses,” in Proceedings of the Joint Conference on Ultrafast Optics V and Applications of High Field and Short Wavelength Sources XI (2005), paper M4-6.

H. Tomita, K. Hayasaka, H. Nishioka, and K. Ueda “Automatic compensation of higher-order dispersion in chirped pulse amplification system by a nonlinear-recorded diffractive optics,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO’06) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper ThEE5.

Tournois, P.

Ueda, K.

H. Nishioka, K. Hayakawa, H. Tomita, and K. Ueda, “Frequency-domain phase conjugator for a few-cycle and a few-nJ optical pulses,” in Proceedings of the Joint Conference on Ultrafast Optics V and Applications of High Field and Short Wavelength Sources XI (2005), paper M4-6.

H. Nishioka, S. Ichihashi, and K. Ueda, “Frequency-domain phase-conjugate femtosecond pulse generation using frequency resolved cross phase modulation,” Opt. Express 10, 920–926 (2002).
[PubMed]

H. Nishioka and K. Ueda, Femtosecond pulse recoding and regeneration by a two-photon gated periodic diffractive optics, Vol. 79, Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, 2004), p. 777.

H. Tomita, K. Hayasaka, H. Nishioka, and K. Ueda “Automatic compensation of higher-order dispersion in chirped pulse amplification system by a nonlinear-recorded diffractive optics,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO’06) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper ThEE5.

Uesugi, N.

Verluise, F.

Walmsley, I. A.

Weiner, A. M.

Wiersma, D. A.

Yamane, K.

Yamashita, M.

Zhang, Z.

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (9)

A. M. Weiner, “Comment on “Time reversal of ultrafast waveforms by wave mixing of spectrally decomposed waves,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1207–1208 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. A. B. Miller, “Time reversal of optical pulses by four-wave mixing,” Opt. Lett. 5, 300–302 (1980).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Mitsunaga and N. Uesugi, “248-Bit optical data storage in Eu3+:YAlO3 by accumulated photon echoes,” Opt. Lett. 15, 195–197 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Verluise, V. Laude, Z. Cheng, Ch. Spielmann, and P. Tournois, “Amplitude and phase control of ultrashort pulses by use of an acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter: pulse compression and shaping,” Opt. Lett. 25, 575–577 (2000).
[Crossref]

K. Yamane, Z. Zhang, K. Oka, R. Morita, M. Yamashita, and A. Suguro, “Optical pulse compression to 3.4 fs in the monocycle region by feedback phase compensation,” Opt. Lett. 28, 2258–2260 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, “Amplitude and phase characterization of 4.5-fs pulses by frequency-resolved optical gating,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1474–1476 (1998).
[Crossref]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Zero-additional-phase SPIDER: full characterization of visible and sub-20-fs ultraviolet pulses,” Opt. Lett. 29, 210–212 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Marom, D. Panasenko, R. Rokitski, P.-C. Sun, and Y. Fainman, “Time reversal of ultrafast waveforms by wave mixing of spectrally decomposed waves,” Opt. Lett. 25, 132–134 (2000).
[Crossref]

L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, N. Matuschek, G. Steinmeyer, U. Keller, C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, “Characterization of sub-6-fs optical pulses with spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1314–1316 (1999).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

H. Nishioka, K. Hayakawa, H. Tomita, and K. Ueda, “Frequency-domain phase conjugator for a few-cycle and a few-nJ optical pulses,” in Proceedings of the Joint Conference on Ultrafast Optics V and Applications of High Field and Short Wavelength Sources XI (2005), paper M4-6.

H. Tomita, K. Hayasaka, H. Nishioka, and K. Ueda “Automatic compensation of higher-order dispersion in chirped pulse amplification system by a nonlinear-recorded diffractive optics,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO’06) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper ThEE5.

H. Nishioka and K. Ueda, Femtosecond pulse recoding and regeneration by a two-photon gated periodic diffractive optics, Vol. 79, Springer Series in Chemical Physics (Springer-Verlag, 2004), p. 777.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic illustration of the two-photon gated pulse recording and time reversed readout.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Second-order interference between two-chirped pulses, i.e., autocorrelation function (a), in case of between a TL-gate pulse and a chirped pulse (b). TPA, two-photon absorber; Tp, pulse duration; Tc, coherent time.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Fringe contrast ratio in the second-order cross correlation between the gate pulse and a frequency chirped pulse (a). Optimum possible contrast as a function of pulse duration (b). The Γ is a slope of the asymptote.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Calculated diffraction efficiency for monochromatic and linearly chirped grating as a function of pulse width. The index modulation is Δn=0.01.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Automatic phase correction scheme in a CPA system. (a) Round-trip double pass configuration, (b) Precompensation scheme coupled with a conventional CPA system.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Temporal phase distortion by HOD (a) and precompensated output (b) by the FDPC with a temporal window (thickness) of 2.8 ps. The insets are showing Fourier phases. Initial pulse duration is 10 fs.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Experimental setup for the two-photon gated writing with 10 fs laser pulses. OD: optical density of the sample. AP: aperture, BS: beam splitter, CC: retro reflector. CM: concave mirror for collimation. NA: numerical aperture of the microscope objective.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Diffraction efficiency as a function of exposure time. The change in refractive index was 0.03 after 10 minutes exposure.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Fourier-phase conjugation and self-recompression. (a) Signal: positively chirped pulse by a glass plate, (b) phase-conjugated pulse, and (c) self-recompressed pulse after passing through the glass plate again.

Equations (2)

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η diffraction ( Δ n L coherent ) 2 .
αt c 2 = π , t c = π α .

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