Abstract

A single-line-defect low-loss photonic crystal waveguide based on a perforated GaAs membrane in an aluminium-free material system is demonstrated. The GaInP lattice is matched to GaAs as the cladding/sacrificial layer. Fabry-Perot resonances are analyzed to obtain the group velocity dispersion for a 1-mm long guide. The losses are deduced to be close to 5 dB/cm, taking into account the wavelength dependent reflectivity of the guide extremities. In this framework, side-coupled nanocavities are also investigated. Feasibility of low-loss photonic-crystal-based devices combined with a reliable industrial material systems is thus demonstrated.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in Photonic Crystal Slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett 87, 253902 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. J. McNab, N. Moll, and Y. A. Vlasov, "Ultra-low loss photonic integrated circuit with membrane-type photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 11, 2927-2939 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Y. Sugimoto, Y. Tanaka, N. Ikeda, Y. Nakamura, K. Asakawa, and K. Inoue, "Low propagation loss of 0.76 dB/mm in GaAs-based single-line-defect two-dimensional photonic crystal slab waveguides up to 1 cm in length," Opt. Express 12, 1090-1096 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Hughes, A. Shinya, T. Watanabe, and L. Ramunno, "Disorder-induced scattering loss of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 72, 161318 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Combrié, S. Bansropun, M. Lecomte, O. Parillaud, S. Cassette, H. Benisty, and J. Nagle, "Optimization of an inductively coupled plasma etching process of GaInP/GaAs based material for photonic band gap applications," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 23, 1521-1526 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in Photonic Crystal Waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. Combrié, A. De Rossi, L. Morvan, S. Tonda, S. Cassette, D. Dolfi, and A. Talneau, "Time-delay measurement in singlemode, low-loss photonic crystal waveguides," Electron. Lett. 42, 86-87 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Mørk, R. Kjær, M. van der Poel, and K. Yvind, "Slow light in a semiconductor waveguide at gigahertz frequencies," Opt. Express 13, 8136-8145 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. A. Vlasov, M. O'Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. N. Kawai, K. Inoue, N. Ikeda, N. Carlsson, Y. Sugimoto, K. Asakawa, S. Yamada, and Y. Katayama "Transmittance and time-of-flight study of AlxGa1-xAs-based photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 63, 153313 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. G. Johnson and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Block-iterative frequency-domain methods for Maxwell's equations in a planewave basis," Opt. Express 8, 173-190 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. R. Regener, and W. Sohler, "Loss in low-finesse Ti:LiNbO3 optical waveguide resonators," Appl. Phys. B 36, 143-147 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. Sanchis, P. Bienstman, B. Luyssaert, R. Baets, and J. Marti, "Analysis of Butt coupling in Photonic Crystals," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40,541-550 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Hughes, L. Ramunno, J. F. Young, and J. E. Sipe, "Extrinsic optical scattering loss in Photonic Crystal Waveguides: Role of fabrication disorder and photon group velocity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033903 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. T. Uesugi, B. S. Song, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Investigation of optical nonlinearities in an ultra-high-Q Si nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab," Opt. Express 14, 377-386 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, G. Kira, E. Kuramochi, and T. Tanabe, "Optical bistable switching action of Si high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavities," Opt. Express 13, 2678-2687 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S. Fan, "Sharp asymmetric line shapes in side-coupled waveguide-cavity systems," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 908-910 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  19. H. A. Haus and Y. Lai, "Narrow-band distributed feedback reflector design," J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 754-760 (1991).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (2)

S. Combrié, A. De Rossi, L. Morvan, S. Tonda, S. Cassette, D. Dolfi, and A. Talneau, "Time-delay measurement in singlemode, low-loss photonic crystal waveguides," Electron. Lett. 42, 86-87 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Uesugi, B. S. Song, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Investigation of optical nonlinearities in an ultra-high-Q Si nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal slab," Opt. Express 14, 377-386 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (7)

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Hughes, A. Shinya, T. Watanabe, and L. Ramunno, "Disorder-induced scattering loss of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 72, 161318 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Combrié, S. Bansropun, M. Lecomte, O. Parillaud, S. Cassette, H. Benisty, and J. Nagle, "Optimization of an inductively coupled plasma etching process of GaInP/GaAs based material for photonic band gap applications," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 23, 1521-1526 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in Photonic Crystal Waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Hughes, L. Ramunno, J. F. Young, and J. E. Sipe, "Extrinsic optical scattering loss in Photonic Crystal Waveguides: Role of fabrication disorder and photon group velocity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O'Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, G. Kira, E. Kuramochi, and T. Tanabe, "Optical bistable switching action of Si high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavities," Opt. Express 13, 2678-2687 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mørk, R. Kjær, M. van der Poel, and K. Yvind, "Slow light in a semiconductor waveguide at gigahertz frequencies," Opt. Express 13, 8136-8145 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

2003 (2)

S. J. McNab, N. Moll, and Y. A. Vlasov, "Ultra-low loss photonic integrated circuit with membrane-type photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 11, 2927-2939 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

S. Fan, "Sharp asymmetric line shapes in side-coupled waveguide-cavity systems," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 908-910 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in Photonic Crystal Slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Johnson and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Block-iterative frequency-domain methods for Maxwell's equations in a planewave basis," Opt. Express 8, 173-190 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Kawai, K. Inoue, N. Ikeda, N. Carlsson, Y. Sugimoto, K. Asakawa, S. Yamada, and Y. Katayama "Transmittance and time-of-flight study of AlxGa1-xAs-based photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 63, 153313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

H. A. Haus and Y. Lai, "Narrow-band distributed feedback reflector design," J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 754-760 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

R. Regener, and W. Sohler, "Loss in low-finesse Ti:LiNbO3 optical waveguide resonators," Appl. Phys. B 36, 143-147 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Akahane, Y.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Asakawa, K.

Y. Sugimoto, Y. Tanaka, N. Ikeda, Y. Nakamura, K. Asakawa, and K. Inoue, "Low propagation loss of 0.76 dB/mm in GaAs-based single-line-defect two-dimensional photonic crystal slab waveguides up to 1 cm in length," Opt. Express 12, 1090-1096 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Kawai, K. Inoue, N. Ikeda, N. Carlsson, Y. Sugimoto, K. Asakawa, S. Yamada, and Y. Katayama "Transmittance and time-of-flight study of AlxGa1-xAs-based photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 63, 153313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Asano, T.

Baets, R.

P. Sanchis, P. Bienstman, B. Luyssaert, R. Baets, and J. Marti, "Analysis of Butt coupling in Photonic Crystals," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40,541-550 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bansropun, S.

S. Combrié, S. Bansropun, M. Lecomte, O. Parillaud, S. Cassette, H. Benisty, and J. Nagle, "Optimization of an inductively coupled plasma etching process of GaInP/GaAs based material for photonic band gap applications," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 23, 1521-1526 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Benisty, H.

S. Combrié, S. Bansropun, M. Lecomte, O. Parillaud, S. Cassette, H. Benisty, and J. Nagle, "Optimization of an inductively coupled plasma etching process of GaInP/GaAs based material for photonic band gap applications," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 23, 1521-1526 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bienstman, P.

P. Sanchis, P. Bienstman, B. Luyssaert, R. Baets, and J. Marti, "Analysis of Butt coupling in Photonic Crystals," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40,541-550 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bogaerts, W.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in Photonic Crystal Waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carlsson, N.

N. Kawai, K. Inoue, N. Ikeda, N. Carlsson, Y. Sugimoto, K. Asakawa, S. Yamada, and Y. Katayama "Transmittance and time-of-flight study of AlxGa1-xAs-based photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 63, 153313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cassette, S.

S. Combrié, A. De Rossi, L. Morvan, S. Tonda, S. Cassette, D. Dolfi, and A. Talneau, "Time-delay measurement in singlemode, low-loss photonic crystal waveguides," Electron. Lett. 42, 86-87 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Combrié, S. Bansropun, M. Lecomte, O. Parillaud, S. Cassette, H. Benisty, and J. Nagle, "Optimization of an inductively coupled plasma etching process of GaInP/GaAs based material for photonic band gap applications," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 23, 1521-1526 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Combrié, S.

S. Combrié, A. De Rossi, L. Morvan, S. Tonda, S. Cassette, D. Dolfi, and A. Talneau, "Time-delay measurement in singlemode, low-loss photonic crystal waveguides," Electron. Lett. 42, 86-87 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Combrié, S. Bansropun, M. Lecomte, O. Parillaud, S. Cassette, H. Benisty, and J. Nagle, "Optimization of an inductively coupled plasma etching process of GaInP/GaAs based material for photonic band gap applications," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 23, 1521-1526 (2005).
[CrossRef]

De Rossi, A.

S. Combrié, A. De Rossi, L. Morvan, S. Tonda, S. Cassette, D. Dolfi, and A. Talneau, "Time-delay measurement in singlemode, low-loss photonic crystal waveguides," Electron. Lett. 42, 86-87 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dolfi, D.

S. Combrié, A. De Rossi, L. Morvan, S. Tonda, S. Cassette, D. Dolfi, and A. Talneau, "Time-delay measurement in singlemode, low-loss photonic crystal waveguides," Electron. Lett. 42, 86-87 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Engelen, R. J. P.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in Photonic Crystal Waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, S.

S. Fan, "Sharp asymmetric line shapes in side-coupled waveguide-cavity systems," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 908-910 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gersen, H.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in Photonic Crystal Waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hamann, H. F.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O'Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus and Y. Lai, "Narrow-band distributed feedback reflector design," J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 754-760 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hughes, S.

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Hughes, A. Shinya, T. Watanabe, and L. Ramunno, "Disorder-induced scattering loss of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 72, 161318 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Hughes, L. Ramunno, J. F. Young, and J. E. Sipe, "Extrinsic optical scattering loss in Photonic Crystal Waveguides: Role of fabrication disorder and photon group velocity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ikeda, N.

Y. Sugimoto, Y. Tanaka, N. Ikeda, Y. Nakamura, K. Asakawa, and K. Inoue, "Low propagation loss of 0.76 dB/mm in GaAs-based single-line-defect two-dimensional photonic crystal slab waveguides up to 1 cm in length," Opt. Express 12, 1090-1096 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Kawai, K. Inoue, N. Ikeda, N. Carlsson, Y. Sugimoto, K. Asakawa, S. Yamada, and Y. Katayama "Transmittance and time-of-flight study of AlxGa1-xAs-based photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 63, 153313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, K.

Y. Sugimoto, Y. Tanaka, N. Ikeda, Y. Nakamura, K. Asakawa, and K. Inoue, "Low propagation loss of 0.76 dB/mm in GaAs-based single-line-defect two-dimensional photonic crystal slab waveguides up to 1 cm in length," Opt. Express 12, 1090-1096 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Kawai, K. Inoue, N. Ikeda, N. Carlsson, Y. Sugimoto, K. Asakawa, S. Yamada, and Y. Katayama "Transmittance and time-of-flight study of AlxGa1-xAs-based photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 63, 153313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

Johnson, S. G.

Karle, T. J.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in Photonic Crystal Waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Katayama, Y.

N. Kawai, K. Inoue, N. Ikeda, N. Carlsson, Y. Sugimoto, K. Asakawa, S. Yamada, and Y. Katayama "Transmittance and time-of-flight study of AlxGa1-xAs-based photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 63, 153313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kawai, N.

N. Kawai, K. Inoue, N. Ikeda, N. Carlsson, Y. Sugimoto, K. Asakawa, S. Yamada, and Y. Katayama "Transmittance and time-of-flight study of AlxGa1-xAs-based photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 63, 153313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kira, G.

Kjær, R.

Korterik, J. P.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in Photonic Crystal Waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krauss, T. F.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in Photonic Crystal Waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuipers, L.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in Photonic Crystal Waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuramochi, E.

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, G. Kira, E. Kuramochi, and T. Tanabe, "Optical bistable switching action of Si high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavities," Opt. Express 13, 2678-2687 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Hughes, A. Shinya, T. Watanabe, and L. Ramunno, "Disorder-induced scattering loss of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 72, 161318 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lai, Y.

H. A. Haus and Y. Lai, "Narrow-band distributed feedback reflector design," J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 754-760 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lecomte, M.

S. Combrié, S. Bansropun, M. Lecomte, O. Parillaud, S. Cassette, H. Benisty, and J. Nagle, "Optimization of an inductively coupled plasma etching process of GaInP/GaAs based material for photonic band gap applications," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 23, 1521-1526 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Luyssaert, B.

P. Sanchis, P. Bienstman, B. Luyssaert, R. Baets, and J. Marti, "Analysis of Butt coupling in Photonic Crystals," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40,541-550 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Marti, J.

P. Sanchis, P. Bienstman, B. Luyssaert, R. Baets, and J. Marti, "Analysis of Butt coupling in Photonic Crystals," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40,541-550 (2004).
[CrossRef]

McNab, S. J.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O'Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. McNab, N. Moll, and Y. A. Vlasov, "Ultra-low loss photonic integrated circuit with membrane-type photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 11, 2927-2939 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mitsugi, S.

Moll, N.

Mørk, J.

Morvan, L.

S. Combrié, A. De Rossi, L. Morvan, S. Tonda, S. Cassette, D. Dolfi, and A. Talneau, "Time-delay measurement in singlemode, low-loss photonic crystal waveguides," Electron. Lett. 42, 86-87 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nagle, J.

S. Combrié, S. Bansropun, M. Lecomte, O. Parillaud, S. Cassette, H. Benisty, and J. Nagle, "Optimization of an inductively coupled plasma etching process of GaInP/GaAs based material for photonic band gap applications," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 23, 1521-1526 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, Y.

Noda, S.

Notomi, M.

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, G. Kira, E. Kuramochi, and T. Tanabe, "Optical bistable switching action of Si high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavities," Opt. Express 13, 2678-2687 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Hughes, A. Shinya, T. Watanabe, and L. Ramunno, "Disorder-induced scattering loss of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 72, 161318 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in Photonic Crystal Slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O'Boyle, M.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O'Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Parillaud, O.

S. Combrié, S. Bansropun, M. Lecomte, O. Parillaud, S. Cassette, H. Benisty, and J. Nagle, "Optimization of an inductively coupled plasma etching process of GaInP/GaAs based material for photonic band gap applications," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 23, 1521-1526 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ramunno, L.

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Hughes, A. Shinya, T. Watanabe, and L. Ramunno, "Disorder-induced scattering loss of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 72, 161318 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Hughes, L. Ramunno, J. F. Young, and J. E. Sipe, "Extrinsic optical scattering loss in Photonic Crystal Waveguides: Role of fabrication disorder and photon group velocity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Regener, R.

R. Regener, and W. Sohler, "Loss in low-finesse Ti:LiNbO3 optical waveguide resonators," Appl. Phys. B 36, 143-147 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Sanchis, P.

P. Sanchis, P. Bienstman, B. Luyssaert, R. Baets, and J. Marti, "Analysis of Butt coupling in Photonic Crystals," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40,541-550 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shinya, A.

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S. Hughes, L. Ramunno, J. F. Young, and J. E. Sipe, "Extrinsic optical scattering loss in Photonic Crystal Waveguides: Role of fabrication disorder and photon group velocity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033903 (2005).
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M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in Photonic Crystal Slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett 87, 253902 (2001).
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M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in Photonic Crystal Slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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S. Combrié, A. De Rossi, L. Morvan, S. Tonda, S. Cassette, D. Dolfi, and A. Talneau, "Time-delay measurement in singlemode, low-loss photonic crystal waveguides," Electron. Lett. 42, 86-87 (2006).
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Y. A. Vlasov, M. O'Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
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E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Hughes, A. Shinya, T. Watanabe, and L. Ramunno, "Disorder-induced scattering loss of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 72, 161318 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in Photonic Crystal Slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamada, S.

N. Kawai, K. Inoue, N. Ikeda, N. Carlsson, Y. Sugimoto, K. Asakawa, S. Yamada, and Y. Katayama "Transmittance and time-of-flight study of AlxGa1-xAs-based photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 63, 153313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yokohama, I.

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in Photonic Crystal Slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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S. Hughes, L. Ramunno, J. F. Young, and J. E. Sipe, "Extrinsic optical scattering loss in Photonic Crystal Waveguides: Role of fabrication disorder and photon group velocity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yvind, K.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

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Y. A. Vlasov, M. O'Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
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Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425, 944-947 (2003).
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Opt. Express (6)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

N. Kawai, K. Inoue, N. Ikeda, N. Carlsson, Y. Sugimoto, K. Asakawa, S. Yamada, and Y. Katayama "Transmittance and time-of-flight study of AlxGa1-xAs-based photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. B 63, 153313 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Kuramochi, M. Notomi, S. Hughes, A. Shinya, T. Watanabe, and L. Ramunno, "Disorder-induced scattering loss of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. B 72, 161318 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett (1)

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in Photonic Crystal Slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett 87, 253902 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in Photonic Crystal Waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Hughes, L. Ramunno, J. F. Young, and J. E. Sipe, "Extrinsic optical scattering loss in Photonic Crystal Waveguides: Role of fabrication disorder and photon group velocity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 033903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: AVI (2189 KB)     

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images of W1 waveguide cleaved facets. Top (a) and bottom-surface (b). Holes cylindrical shapes are seen by transparency through the GaAs membrane and exhibit very vertical and smooth surfaces (c). The radius was measured by SEM to be equal to r = 0.2895 a.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Transmission spectrum of the W1 waveguide; (b) associated dispersion diagram scaled to (a); (c) detail of the transmission spectrum with fully resolved Fabry-Perot fringes.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Effective group index as a function of the wavelength; measurement (colours), PWE simulation (black).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Comparison between the calculated reflectivity R (solid line) and the parameter RϜ as a function of the wavelength and the frequency.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Propagation loss a as α function of the wavelength and the frequency.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

SEM image of a donor-type cavity coupled the a waveguide.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Movie of the cavity lighting at resonance (a); corresponding waveguide transmission (b) and cavity vertical emission (c) (2.2 MB).

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Spectra in the vicinity of the cavity resonance. (a) Directly measured (dm) quality factor; fitted curve (red) to the experimental data (blue), both for the vertical irradiance of the cavity (b) and the waveguide transmission (c).

Equations (3)

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R ˜ = 1 1 C 2 C .
α = 1 L In ( R ˜ R ) .
T c = I + ω ω 0 + i Γ 0 ( 1 1 1 1 ) , T p = ( e 0 0 e ) , T r = i t ( 1 r r 1 ) ,

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