Abstract

A high-conversion-efficiency, low-threshold, quasi-continuous-wave optical parametric generator (OPG) based on a periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) crystal is presented. Pumped by an acousto-optically Q-switched 1064 nm Nd:YAG laser with a power output of 848 mW, the OPG generated an output power of 452 mW for the signal and the idle waves, achieving an internal conversion efficiency of 62.7% and a slope efficiency of 75.6%. To the best of our knowledge, this is the highest efficiency ever reported for single-pass, quasi-continuous-wave OPGs by using periodically poled crystals.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. U. Bader, T. Mattern, T. Bauer, J. Bartschke, M. Rahm, A. Borsutzky, and R. Wallenstein, "Pulsed nanosecond optical parametric generator based on periodically poled lithium niobate," Opt. Commun. 217, 375-380 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. Kohler, U. Bader, A. Nebel, J. P. Meyn, and R. Wallenstein, "A 9.5-W 82-MHz-repetition-rate picosecond optical parametric generator with cw diode laser injection seeding," Appl. Phys. B 75, 31-34 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. M. Russell, P. E. Powers, M. J. Missey, and K. L. Schepler, "Broadband mid-infrared generation with two-dimensional quasi-phase-matched structures," IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 37, 877-887 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Rahm, U. Bader, G. Anstett, J. P. Meyn, R. Wallenstein, and A. Borsutzky, "Pulse-to-pulse wavelength tuning of an injection seeded nanosecond optical parametric generator with 10 kHz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. B 75, 47-51 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. V. D. Mark, J. Missey, P. E. Powers, and K. L. Schepler, "Periodically poledlithium niobate monolithic nanosecond optical parametricoscillators and generators," Opt. Lett. 24, 1227-1229 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. G. Zhang, J. Q. Yao, X. Ding, H. Zhang, P. Wang, D. G. Xu, G. J. Yu, and F. Zhang, "Low-threshold, high-efficiency, high-repetition-rate optical parametric generator based on periodically poled LiNbO3," Chin. Phys. 13, 364-368 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B. G. Zhang, J. Q. Yao, Y. Lu, D. G. Xu, J. Feng, T. L. Zhang, X. Zhao, P. Wang, and K. X. Xu, "High-average-power nanosecond quasi-phase-matched single-pass optical parametric generator in periodically poled lithium niobate," Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 1691-1693 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, "Optical frequency conversions in nonlinear medium with periodically modulated linear and nonlinear optical parameters," IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 31, 981-987 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Zhang, and B. Y. Gu, "Optimal design of aperiodically poled lithium niobate crystals for multiple wavelengths parametric amplification," Opt. Commun. 192, 417-425 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, "Quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102-2116 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

B. G. Zhang, J. Q. Yao, Y. Lu, D. G. Xu, J. Feng, T. L. Zhang, X. Zhao, P. Wang, and K. X. Xu, "High-average-power nanosecond quasi-phase-matched single-pass optical parametric generator in periodically poled lithium niobate," Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 1691-1693 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

B. G. Zhang, J. Q. Yao, X. Ding, H. Zhang, P. Wang, D. G. Xu, G. J. Yu, and F. Zhang, "Low-threshold, high-efficiency, high-repetition-rate optical parametric generator based on periodically poled LiNbO3," Chin. Phys. 13, 364-368 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

U. Bader, T. Mattern, T. Bauer, J. Bartschke, M. Rahm, A. Borsutzky, and R. Wallenstein, "Pulsed nanosecond optical parametric generator based on periodically poled lithium niobate," Opt. Commun. 217, 375-380 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

B. Kohler, U. Bader, A. Nebel, J. P. Meyn, and R. Wallenstein, "A 9.5-W 82-MHz-repetition-rate picosecond optical parametric generator with cw diode laser injection seeding," Appl. Phys. B 75, 31-34 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, U. Bader, G. Anstett, J. P. Meyn, R. Wallenstein, and A. Borsutzky, "Pulse-to-pulse wavelength tuning of an injection seeded nanosecond optical parametric generator with 10 kHz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. B 75, 47-51 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

S. M. Russell, P. E. Powers, M. J. Missey, and K. L. Schepler, "Broadband mid-infrared generation with two-dimensional quasi-phase-matched structures," IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 37, 877-887 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, and B. Y. Gu, "Optimal design of aperiodically poled lithium niobate crystals for multiple wavelengths parametric amplification," Opt. Commun. 192, 417-425 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1995 (2)

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, W. R. Bosenberg, and J. W. Pierce, "Quasi-phase-matched optical parametric oscillators in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2102-2116 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, "Optical frequency conversions in nonlinear medium with periodically modulated linear and nonlinear optical parameters," IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 31, 981-987 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Anstett, G.

M. Rahm, U. Bader, G. Anstett, J. P. Meyn, R. Wallenstein, and A. Borsutzky, "Pulse-to-pulse wavelength tuning of an injection seeded nanosecond optical parametric generator with 10 kHz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. B 75, 47-51 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bader, U.

U. Bader, T. Mattern, T. Bauer, J. Bartschke, M. Rahm, A. Borsutzky, and R. Wallenstein, "Pulsed nanosecond optical parametric generator based on periodically poled lithium niobate," Opt. Commun. 217, 375-380 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Kohler, U. Bader, A. Nebel, J. P. Meyn, and R. Wallenstein, "A 9.5-W 82-MHz-repetition-rate picosecond optical parametric generator with cw diode laser injection seeding," Appl. Phys. B 75, 31-34 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, U. Bader, G. Anstett, J. P. Meyn, R. Wallenstein, and A. Borsutzky, "Pulse-to-pulse wavelength tuning of an injection seeded nanosecond optical parametric generator with 10 kHz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. B 75, 47-51 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bartschke, J.

U. Bader, T. Mattern, T. Bauer, J. Bartschke, M. Rahm, A. Borsutzky, and R. Wallenstein, "Pulsed nanosecond optical parametric generator based on periodically poled lithium niobate," Opt. Commun. 217, 375-380 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bauer, T.

U. Bader, T. Mattern, T. Bauer, J. Bartschke, M. Rahm, A. Borsutzky, and R. Wallenstein, "Pulsed nanosecond optical parametric generator based on periodically poled lithium niobate," Opt. Commun. 217, 375-380 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Borsutzky, A.

U. Bader, T. Mattern, T. Bauer, J. Bartschke, M. Rahm, A. Borsutzky, and R. Wallenstein, "Pulsed nanosecond optical parametric generator based on periodically poled lithium niobate," Opt. Commun. 217, 375-380 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, U. Bader, G. Anstett, J. P. Meyn, R. Wallenstein, and A. Borsutzky, "Pulse-to-pulse wavelength tuning of an injection seeded nanosecond optical parametric generator with 10 kHz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. B 75, 47-51 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bosenberg, W. R.

Byer, R. L.

Ding, X.

B. G. Zhang, J. Q. Yao, X. Ding, H. Zhang, P. Wang, D. G. Xu, G. J. Yu, and F. Zhang, "Low-threshold, high-efficiency, high-repetition-rate optical parametric generator based on periodically poled LiNbO3," Chin. Phys. 13, 364-368 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Eckardt, R. C.

Fejer, M. M.

Feng, J.

B. G. Zhang, J. Q. Yao, Y. Lu, D. G. Xu, J. Feng, T. L. Zhang, X. Zhao, P. Wang, and K. X. Xu, "High-average-power nanosecond quasi-phase-matched single-pass optical parametric generator in periodically poled lithium niobate," Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 1691-1693 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gu, B. Y.

Y. Zhang, and B. Y. Gu, "Optimal design of aperiodically poled lithium niobate crystals for multiple wavelengths parametric amplification," Opt. Commun. 192, 417-425 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kawahara, M.

C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, "Optical frequency conversions in nonlinear medium with periodically modulated linear and nonlinear optical parameters," IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 31, 981-987 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kohler, B.

B. Kohler, U. Bader, A. Nebel, J. P. Meyn, and R. Wallenstein, "A 9.5-W 82-MHz-repetition-rate picosecond optical parametric generator with cw diode laser injection seeding," Appl. Phys. B 75, 31-34 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y.

B. G. Zhang, J. Q. Yao, Y. Lu, D. G. Xu, J. Feng, T. L. Zhang, X. Zhao, P. Wang, and K. X. Xu, "High-average-power nanosecond quasi-phase-matched single-pass optical parametric generator in periodically poled lithium niobate," Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 1691-1693 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mark, V. D.

Mattern, T.

U. Bader, T. Mattern, T. Bauer, J. Bartschke, M. Rahm, A. Borsutzky, and R. Wallenstein, "Pulsed nanosecond optical parametric generator based on periodically poled lithium niobate," Opt. Commun. 217, 375-380 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Meyn, J. P.

B. Kohler, U. Bader, A. Nebel, J. P. Meyn, and R. Wallenstein, "A 9.5-W 82-MHz-repetition-rate picosecond optical parametric generator with cw diode laser injection seeding," Appl. Phys. B 75, 31-34 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, U. Bader, G. Anstett, J. P. Meyn, R. Wallenstein, and A. Borsutzky, "Pulse-to-pulse wavelength tuning of an injection seeded nanosecond optical parametric generator with 10 kHz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. B 75, 47-51 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Missey, J.

Missey, M. J.

S. M. Russell, P. E. Powers, M. J. Missey, and K. L. Schepler, "Broadband mid-infrared generation with two-dimensional quasi-phase-matched structures," IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 37, 877-887 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Myers, L. E.

Nebel, A.

B. Kohler, U. Bader, A. Nebel, J. P. Meyn, and R. Wallenstein, "A 9.5-W 82-MHz-repetition-rate picosecond optical parametric generator with cw diode laser injection seeding," Appl. Phys. B 75, 31-34 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Okayama, H.

C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, "Optical frequency conversions in nonlinear medium with periodically modulated linear and nonlinear optical parameters," IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 31, 981-987 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pierce, J. W.

Powers, P. E.

S. M. Russell, P. E. Powers, M. J. Missey, and K. L. Schepler, "Broadband mid-infrared generation with two-dimensional quasi-phase-matched structures," IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 37, 877-887 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. D. Mark, J. Missey, P. E. Powers, and K. L. Schepler, "Periodically poledlithium niobate monolithic nanosecond optical parametricoscillators and generators," Opt. Lett. 24, 1227-1229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rahm, M.

U. Bader, T. Mattern, T. Bauer, J. Bartschke, M. Rahm, A. Borsutzky, and R. Wallenstein, "Pulsed nanosecond optical parametric generator based on periodically poled lithium niobate," Opt. Commun. 217, 375-380 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, U. Bader, G. Anstett, J. P. Meyn, R. Wallenstein, and A. Borsutzky, "Pulse-to-pulse wavelength tuning of an injection seeded nanosecond optical parametric generator with 10 kHz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. B 75, 47-51 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Russell, S. M.

S. M. Russell, P. E. Powers, M. J. Missey, and K. L. Schepler, "Broadband mid-infrared generation with two-dimensional quasi-phase-matched structures," IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 37, 877-887 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schepler, K. L.

S. M. Russell, P. E. Powers, M. J. Missey, and K. L. Schepler, "Broadband mid-infrared generation with two-dimensional quasi-phase-matched structures," IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 37, 877-887 (2001).
[CrossRef]

V. D. Mark, J. Missey, P. E. Powers, and K. L. Schepler, "Periodically poledlithium niobate monolithic nanosecond optical parametricoscillators and generators," Opt. Lett. 24, 1227-1229 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

U. Bader, T. Mattern, T. Bauer, J. Bartschke, M. Rahm, A. Borsutzky, and R. Wallenstein, "Pulsed nanosecond optical parametric generator based on periodically poled lithium niobate," Opt. Commun. 217, 375-380 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. Kohler, U. Bader, A. Nebel, J. P. Meyn, and R. Wallenstein, "A 9.5-W 82-MHz-repetition-rate picosecond optical parametric generator with cw diode laser injection seeding," Appl. Phys. B 75, 31-34 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, U. Bader, G. Anstett, J. P. Meyn, R. Wallenstein, and A. Borsutzky, "Pulse-to-pulse wavelength tuning of an injection seeded nanosecond optical parametric generator with 10 kHz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. B 75, 47-51 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

B. G. Zhang, J. Q. Yao, Y. Lu, D. G. Xu, J. Feng, T. L. Zhang, X. Zhao, P. Wang, and K. X. Xu, "High-average-power nanosecond quasi-phase-matched single-pass optical parametric generator in periodically poled lithium niobate," Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 1691-1693 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. G. Zhang, J. Q. Yao, X. Ding, H. Zhang, P. Wang, D. G. Xu, G. J. Yu, and F. Zhang, "Low-threshold, high-efficiency, high-repetition-rate optical parametric generator based on periodically poled LiNbO3," Chin. Phys. 13, 364-368 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C. Q.

C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, "Optical frequency conversions in nonlinear medium with periodically modulated linear and nonlinear optical parameters," IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 31, 981-987 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Xu, D. G.

B. G. Zhang, J. Q. Yao, Y. Lu, D. G. Xu, J. Feng, T. L. Zhang, X. Zhao, P. Wang, and K. X. Xu, "High-average-power nanosecond quasi-phase-matched single-pass optical parametric generator in periodically poled lithium niobate," Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 1691-1693 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. G. Zhang, J. Q. Yao, X. Ding, H. Zhang, P. Wang, D. G. Xu, G. J. Yu, and F. Zhang, "Low-threshold, high-efficiency, high-repetition-rate optical parametric generator based on periodically poled LiNbO3," Chin. Phys. 13, 364-368 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, K. X.

B. G. Zhang, J. Q. Yao, Y. Lu, D. G. Xu, J. Feng, T. L. Zhang, X. Zhao, P. Wang, and K. X. Xu, "High-average-power nanosecond quasi-phase-matched single-pass optical parametric generator in periodically poled lithium niobate," Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 1691-1693 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J. Q.

B. G. Zhang, J. Q. Yao, Y. Lu, D. G. Xu, J. Feng, T. L. Zhang, X. Zhao, P. Wang, and K. X. Xu, "High-average-power nanosecond quasi-phase-matched single-pass optical parametric generator in periodically poled lithium niobate," Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 1691-1693 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. G. Zhang, J. Q. Yao, X. Ding, H. Zhang, P. Wang, D. G. Xu, G. J. Yu, and F. Zhang, "Low-threshold, high-efficiency, high-repetition-rate optical parametric generator based on periodically poled LiNbO3," Chin. Phys. 13, 364-368 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yu, G. J.

B. G. Zhang, J. Q. Yao, X. Ding, H. Zhang, P. Wang, D. G. Xu, G. J. Yu, and F. Zhang, "Low-threshold, high-efficiency, high-repetition-rate optical parametric generator based on periodically poled LiNbO3," Chin. Phys. 13, 364-368 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, B. G.

B. G. Zhang, J. Q. Yao, Y. Lu, D. G. Xu, J. Feng, T. L. Zhang, X. Zhao, P. Wang, and K. X. Xu, "High-average-power nanosecond quasi-phase-matched single-pass optical parametric generator in periodically poled lithium niobate," Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 1691-1693 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. G. Zhang, J. Q. Yao, X. Ding, H. Zhang, P. Wang, D. G. Xu, G. J. Yu, and F. Zhang, "Low-threshold, high-efficiency, high-repetition-rate optical parametric generator based on periodically poled LiNbO3," Chin. Phys. 13, 364-368 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, F.

B. G. Zhang, J. Q. Yao, X. Ding, H. Zhang, P. Wang, D. G. Xu, G. J. Yu, and F. Zhang, "Low-threshold, high-efficiency, high-repetition-rate optical parametric generator based on periodically poled LiNbO3," Chin. Phys. 13, 364-368 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

B. G. Zhang, J. Q. Yao, X. Ding, H. Zhang, P. Wang, D. G. Xu, G. J. Yu, and F. Zhang, "Low-threshold, high-efficiency, high-repetition-rate optical parametric generator based on periodically poled LiNbO3," Chin. Phys. 13, 364-368 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, T. L.

B. G. Zhang, J. Q. Yao, Y. Lu, D. G. Xu, J. Feng, T. L. Zhang, X. Zhao, P. Wang, and K. X. Xu, "High-average-power nanosecond quasi-phase-matched single-pass optical parametric generator in periodically poled lithium niobate," Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 1691-1693 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, and B. Y. Gu, "Optimal design of aperiodically poled lithium niobate crystals for multiple wavelengths parametric amplification," Opt. Commun. 192, 417-425 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, X.

B. G. Zhang, J. Q. Yao, Y. Lu, D. G. Xu, J. Feng, T. L. Zhang, X. Zhao, P. Wang, and K. X. Xu, "High-average-power nanosecond quasi-phase-matched single-pass optical parametric generator in periodically poled lithium niobate," Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 1691-1693 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

M. Rahm, U. Bader, G. Anstett, J. P. Meyn, R. Wallenstein, and A. Borsutzky, "Pulse-to-pulse wavelength tuning of an injection seeded nanosecond optical parametric generator with 10 kHz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. B 75, 47-51 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. Kohler, U. Bader, A. Nebel, J. P. Meyn, and R. Wallenstein, "A 9.5-W 82-MHz-repetition-rate picosecond optical parametric generator with cw diode laser injection seeding," Appl. Phys. B 75, 31-34 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. (1)

B. G. Zhang, J. Q. Yao, X. Ding, H. Zhang, P. Wang, D. G. Xu, G. J. Yu, and F. Zhang, "Low-threshold, high-efficiency, high-repetition-rate optical parametric generator based on periodically poled LiNbO3," Chin. Phys. 13, 364-368 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

B. G. Zhang, J. Q. Yao, Y. Lu, D. G. Xu, J. Feng, T. L. Zhang, X. Zhao, P. Wang, and K. X. Xu, "High-average-power nanosecond quasi-phase-matched single-pass optical parametric generator in periodically poled lithium niobate," Chin. Phys. Lett. 22, 1691-1693 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. (2)

C. Q. Xu, H. Okayama, and M. Kawahara, "Optical frequency conversions in nonlinear medium with periodically modulated linear and nonlinear optical parameters," IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 31, 981-987 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Russell, P. E. Powers, M. J. Missey, and K. L. Schepler, "Broadband mid-infrared generation with two-dimensional quasi-phase-matched structures," IEEE. J. Quantum Electron. 37, 877-887 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (2)

Y. Zhang, and B. Y. Gu, "Optimal design of aperiodically poled lithium niobate crystals for multiple wavelengths parametric amplification," Opt. Commun. 192, 417-425 (2001).
[CrossRef]

U. Bader, T. Mattern, T. Bauer, J. Bartschke, M. Rahm, A. Borsutzky, and R. Wallenstein, "Pulsed nanosecond optical parametric generator based on periodically poled lithium niobate," Opt. Commun. 217, 375-380 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental set-up of the PPLN OPG. 1. Optical coupler; 2. Nd: YAG; 3. Acousto-optical Q-switch; 4. Brewster plate; 5. Output coupler; 6. Focusing lens; 7. High-accuracy heating oven; 8. Optical filter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Signal and idle output powers measured at different pump input powers. The slope efficiency was calculated by taking into account the loss introduced by the filter.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The pump depletion measured at a repetition rate of 4.1 kHz. The duration of the undepleted pulse was 9 ns.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The spectrum of the signal and idle wave when the poled period of the crystal was 31μm and the temperature was 168°C.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

G ( L ) = 2 ω s ω i d Q 2 I p n s n i n p ε 0 c 3 L 2 sin c 2 ( Δ k Q L 2 ) ,
I p = P a π ω 2

Metrics