Abstract

We report broadband optical parametric generation (OPG) in a single periodically poled lithium niobate crystal with a picosecond pump pulse at a fixed wavelength. We also demonstrate efficient optical parametric amplification of a broadband seed pulse within the quasi-phase-matched OPG band. The broad parametric gain band is attributed to group-velocity matching and degeneracy between the signal and idler, and the broad spectral width of the pumping source.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Arraf and C. M. de Sterke, “Large-bandwidth frequency conversion in high-NA step index optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 34, 660–665 (1998).
  2. N. E. Yu, J. H. Ro, M. Cha, S. Kurimura, and T. Taira, “Broadband quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in MgO-doped periodically poled LiNbO3 at the communications band,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1046–1048 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  3. N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, J. H. Ro, M. Cha, S. Ashihara, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, and T. Taira, “Efficient frequency doubling of a femtosecond pulse with simultaneous group-velocity matching and quasi-phase matching in periodically poled, MgO-doped lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3388–3390 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  4. M. L. Bortz, M. Fujimura, and M.M. Fejer, “Increased acceptance bandwidth for quasi-phase matched second harmonic generation in LiNbO3 waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 30, 34–35 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  5. C. W. Hsu and C. C. Yang, “Broadband infrared generation with noncollinear optical parametric processes on periodically poled LiNbO3,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1412–1414 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  6. F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellström, F. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, “Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Electron. Lett. 38, 561–563 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  7. Tsutomu Yanagawa, Hirohisa Kanbara, Osamu Tadanaga, Masaki Asobe, Hiroyuki Suzuki, and Junji Yumoto, “Broadband difference frequency generation around phase-match singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161106 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  8. M. Tiihonen, A. Fragemann, C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Towards ultrabroad parametric gain bandwidth in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Proceedings of Advanced Solid-State Photonics, WC2 (2006).
  9. D. H. Jundt, “Temperature-dependent Sellmeier equation for the index of refraction, ne, in congruent lithium niobate,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1553–1555 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  10. L. E. Myers, G. D. Miller, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. R. Bosenberg, “Quasi-phase-matched 1.064-μm -pumped optical parametric oscillator in bulk periodically poled LiNbO3,” Opt. Lett. 20, 52- (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. M. J. Jin, O.-Y. Jeon, B. J. Kim, and M. Cha, “Fabrication of periodically poled lithium niobate crystal and poling-quality evaluation by diffraction measurement,” J. Korean. Phys. Soc. 47, S336–S339 Suppl. 2 (2005).

2006 (1)

M. Tiihonen, A. Fragemann, C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Towards ultrabroad parametric gain bandwidth in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Proceedings of Advanced Solid-State Photonics, WC2 (2006).

2005 (2)

Tsutomu Yanagawa, Hirohisa Kanbara, Osamu Tadanaga, Masaki Asobe, Hiroyuki Suzuki, and Junji Yumoto, “Broadband difference frequency generation around phase-match singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161106 (2005).
[Crossref]

M. J. Jin, O.-Y. Jeon, B. J. Kim, and M. Cha, “Fabrication of periodically poled lithium niobate crystal and poling-quality evaluation by diffraction measurement,” J. Korean. Phys. Soc. 47, S336–S339 Suppl. 2 (2005).

2003 (1)

N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, J. H. Ro, M. Cha, S. Ashihara, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, and T. Taira, “Efficient frequency doubling of a femtosecond pulse with simultaneous group-velocity matching and quasi-phase matching in periodically poled, MgO-doped lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3388–3390 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

N. E. Yu, J. H. Ro, M. Cha, S. Kurimura, and T. Taira, “Broadband quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in MgO-doped periodically poled LiNbO3 at the communications band,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1046–1048 (2002).
[Crossref]

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellström, F. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, “Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Electron. Lett. 38, 561–563 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

1998 (1)

A. Arraf and C. M. de Sterke, “Large-bandwidth frequency conversion in high-NA step index optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 34, 660–665 (1998).

1997 (1)

1995 (1)

1994 (1)

M. L. Bortz, M. Fujimura, and M.M. Fejer, “Increased acceptance bandwidth for quasi-phase matched second harmonic generation in LiNbO3 waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 30, 34–35 (1994).
[Crossref]

Adel, P.

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellström, F. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, “Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Electron. Lett. 38, 561–563 (2002).
[Crossref]

Arraf, A.

A. Arraf and C. M. de Sterke, “Large-bandwidth frequency conversion in high-NA step index optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 34, 660–665 (1998).

Ashihara, S.

N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, J. H. Ro, M. Cha, S. Ashihara, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, and T. Taira, “Efficient frequency doubling of a femtosecond pulse with simultaneous group-velocity matching and quasi-phase matching in periodically poled, MgO-doped lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3388–3390 (2003).
[Crossref]

Asobe, Masaki

Tsutomu Yanagawa, Hirohisa Kanbara, Osamu Tadanaga, Masaki Asobe, Hiroyuki Suzuki, and Junji Yumoto, “Broadband difference frequency generation around phase-match singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161106 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bortz, M. L.

M. L. Bortz, M. Fujimura, and M.M. Fejer, “Increased acceptance bandwidth for quasi-phase matched second harmonic generation in LiNbO3 waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 30, 34–35 (1994).
[Crossref]

Bosenberg, W. R.

Byer, R. L.

Canalias, C.

M. Tiihonen, A. Fragemann, C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Towards ultrabroad parametric gain bandwidth in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Proceedings of Advanced Solid-State Photonics, WC2 (2006).

Cha, M.

M. J. Jin, O.-Y. Jeon, B. J. Kim, and M. Cha, “Fabrication of periodically poled lithium niobate crystal and poling-quality evaluation by diffraction measurement,” J. Korean. Phys. Soc. 47, S336–S339 Suppl. 2 (2005).

N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, J. H. Ro, M. Cha, S. Ashihara, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, and T. Taira, “Efficient frequency doubling of a femtosecond pulse with simultaneous group-velocity matching and quasi-phase matching in periodically poled, MgO-doped lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3388–3390 (2003).
[Crossref]

N. E. Yu, J. H. Ro, M. Cha, S. Kurimura, and T. Taira, “Broadband quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in MgO-doped periodically poled LiNbO3 at the communications band,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1046–1048 (2002).
[Crossref]

de Sterke, C. M.

A. Arraf and C. M. de Sterke, “Large-bandwidth frequency conversion in high-NA step index optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 34, 660–665 (1998).

Eckardt, R. C.

Fallnich, C.

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellström, F. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, “Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Electron. Lett. 38, 561–563 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fejer, M. M.

Fejer, M.M.

M. L. Bortz, M. Fujimura, and M.M. Fejer, “Increased acceptance bandwidth for quasi-phase matched second harmonic generation in LiNbO3 waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 30, 34–35 (1994).
[Crossref]

Fragemann, A.

M. Tiihonen, A. Fragemann, C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Towards ultrabroad parametric gain bandwidth in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Proceedings of Advanced Solid-State Photonics, WC2 (2006).

Fujimura, M.

M. L. Bortz, M. Fujimura, and M.M. Fejer, “Increased acceptance bandwidth for quasi-phase matched second harmonic generation in LiNbO3 waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 30, 34–35 (1994).
[Crossref]

Hellström, J.

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellström, F. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, “Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Electron. Lett. 38, 561–563 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hsu, C. W.

Hundertmark, H.

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellström, F. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, “Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Electron. Lett. 38, 561–563 (2002).
[Crossref]

Jeon, O.-Y.

M. J. Jin, O.-Y. Jeon, B. J. Kim, and M. Cha, “Fabrication of periodically poled lithium niobate crystal and poling-quality evaluation by diffraction measurement,” J. Korean. Phys. Soc. 47, S336–S339 Suppl. 2 (2005).

Jin, M. J.

M. J. Jin, O.-Y. Jeon, B. J. Kim, and M. Cha, “Fabrication of periodically poled lithium niobate crystal and poling-quality evaluation by diffraction measurement,” J. Korean. Phys. Soc. 47, S336–S339 Suppl. 2 (2005).

Jundt, D. H.

Kanbara, Hirohisa

Tsutomu Yanagawa, Hirohisa Kanbara, Osamu Tadanaga, Masaki Asobe, Hiroyuki Suzuki, and Junji Yumoto, “Broadband difference frequency generation around phase-match singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161106 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kim, B. J.

M. J. Jin, O.-Y. Jeon, B. J. Kim, and M. Cha, “Fabrication of periodically poled lithium niobate crystal and poling-quality evaluation by diffraction measurement,” J. Korean. Phys. Soc. 47, S336–S339 Suppl. 2 (2005).

Kitamura, K.

N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, J. H. Ro, M. Cha, S. Ashihara, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, and T. Taira, “Efficient frequency doubling of a femtosecond pulse with simultaneous group-velocity matching and quasi-phase matching in periodically poled, MgO-doped lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3388–3390 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kurimura, S.

N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, J. H. Ro, M. Cha, S. Ashihara, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, and T. Taira, “Efficient frequency doubling of a femtosecond pulse with simultaneous group-velocity matching and quasi-phase matching in periodically poled, MgO-doped lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3388–3390 (2003).
[Crossref]

N. E. Yu, J. H. Ro, M. Cha, S. Kurimura, and T. Taira, “Broadband quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in MgO-doped periodically poled LiNbO3 at the communications band,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1046–1048 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kuroda, K.

N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, J. H. Ro, M. Cha, S. Ashihara, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, and T. Taira, “Efficient frequency doubling of a femtosecond pulse with simultaneous group-velocity matching and quasi-phase matching in periodically poled, MgO-doped lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3388–3390 (2003).
[Crossref]

Laurell, F.

M. Tiihonen, A. Fragemann, C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Towards ultrabroad parametric gain bandwidth in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Proceedings of Advanced Solid-State Photonics, WC2 (2006).

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellström, F. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, “Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Electron. Lett. 38, 561–563 (2002).
[Crossref]

Miller, G. D.

Myers, L. E.

Noack, F.

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellström, F. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, “Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Electron. Lett. 38, 561–563 (2002).
[Crossref]

Pasiskevicius, V.

M. Tiihonen, A. Fragemann, C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Towards ultrabroad parametric gain bandwidth in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Proceedings of Advanced Solid-State Photonics, WC2 (2006).

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellström, F. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, “Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Electron. Lett. 38, 561–563 (2002).
[Crossref]

Petrov, V.

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellström, F. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, “Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Electron. Lett. 38, 561–563 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ro, J. H.

N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, J. H. Ro, M. Cha, S. Ashihara, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, and T. Taira, “Efficient frequency doubling of a femtosecond pulse with simultaneous group-velocity matching and quasi-phase matching in periodically poled, MgO-doped lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3388–3390 (2003).
[Crossref]

N. E. Yu, J. H. Ro, M. Cha, S. Kurimura, and T. Taira, “Broadband quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in MgO-doped periodically poled LiNbO3 at the communications band,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1046–1048 (2002).
[Crossref]

Rotermund, F.

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellström, F. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, “Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Electron. Lett. 38, 561–563 (2002).
[Crossref]

Shimura, T.

N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, J. H. Ro, M. Cha, S. Ashihara, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, and T. Taira, “Efficient frequency doubling of a femtosecond pulse with simultaneous group-velocity matching and quasi-phase matching in periodically poled, MgO-doped lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3388–3390 (2003).
[Crossref]

Suzuki, Hiroyuki

Tsutomu Yanagawa, Hirohisa Kanbara, Osamu Tadanaga, Masaki Asobe, Hiroyuki Suzuki, and Junji Yumoto, “Broadband difference frequency generation around phase-match singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161106 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tadanaga, Osamu

Tsutomu Yanagawa, Hirohisa Kanbara, Osamu Tadanaga, Masaki Asobe, Hiroyuki Suzuki, and Junji Yumoto, “Broadband difference frequency generation around phase-match singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161106 (2005).
[Crossref]

Taira, T.

N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, J. H. Ro, M. Cha, S. Ashihara, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, and T. Taira, “Efficient frequency doubling of a femtosecond pulse with simultaneous group-velocity matching and quasi-phase matching in periodically poled, MgO-doped lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3388–3390 (2003).
[Crossref]

N. E. Yu, J. H. Ro, M. Cha, S. Kurimura, and T. Taira, “Broadband quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in MgO-doped periodically poled LiNbO3 at the communications band,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1046–1048 (2002).
[Crossref]

Tiihonen, M.

M. Tiihonen, A. Fragemann, C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Towards ultrabroad parametric gain bandwidth in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Proceedings of Advanced Solid-State Photonics, WC2 (2006).

Yanagawa, Tsutomu

Tsutomu Yanagawa, Hirohisa Kanbara, Osamu Tadanaga, Masaki Asobe, Hiroyuki Suzuki, and Junji Yumoto, “Broadband difference frequency generation around phase-match singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161106 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yang, C. C.

Yu, N. E.

N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, J. H. Ro, M. Cha, S. Ashihara, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, and T. Taira, “Efficient frequency doubling of a femtosecond pulse with simultaneous group-velocity matching and quasi-phase matching in periodically poled, MgO-doped lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3388–3390 (2003).
[Crossref]

N. E. Yu, J. H. Ro, M. Cha, S. Kurimura, and T. Taira, “Broadband quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation in MgO-doped periodically poled LiNbO3 at the communications band,” Opt. Lett. 27, 1046–1048 (2002).
[Crossref]

Yumoto, Junji

Tsutomu Yanagawa, Hirohisa Kanbara, Osamu Tadanaga, Masaki Asobe, Hiroyuki Suzuki, and Junji Yumoto, “Broadband difference frequency generation around phase-match singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161106 (2005).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

N. E. Yu, S. Kurimura, K. Kitamura, J. H. Ro, M. Cha, S. Ashihara, T. Shimura, K. Kuroda, and T. Taira, “Efficient frequency doubling of a femtosecond pulse with simultaneous group-velocity matching and quasi-phase matching in periodically poled, MgO-doped lithium niobate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3388–3390 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tsutomu Yanagawa, Hirohisa Kanbara, Osamu Tadanaga, Masaki Asobe, Hiroyuki Suzuki, and Junji Yumoto, “Broadband difference frequency generation around phase-match singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 161106 (2005).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (3)

M. L. Bortz, M. Fujimura, and M.M. Fejer, “Increased acceptance bandwidth for quasi-phase matched second harmonic generation in LiNbO3 waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 30, 34–35 (1994).
[Crossref]

A. Arraf and C. M. de Sterke, “Large-bandwidth frequency conversion in high-NA step index optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 34, 660–665 (1998).

F. Rotermund, V. Petrov, F. Noack, V. Pasiskevicius, J. Hellström, F. Laurell, H. Hundertmark, P. Adel, and C. Fallnich, “Compact all-diode-pumped femtosecond laser source based on chirped pulse optical parametric amplification in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Electron. Lett. 38, 561–563 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Korean. Phys. Soc. (1)

M. J. Jin, O.-Y. Jeon, B. J. Kim, and M. Cha, “Fabrication of periodically poled lithium niobate crystal and poling-quality evaluation by diffraction measurement,” J. Korean. Phys. Soc. 47, S336–S339 Suppl. 2 (2005).

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (1)

M. Tiihonen, A. Fragemann, C. Canalias, V. Pasiskevicius, and F. Laurell, “Towards ultrabroad parametric gain bandwidth in periodically poled KTiOPO4,” Proceedings of Advanced Solid-State Photonics, WC2 (2006).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

QPM period (dotted line) and Group velocity dispersion (solid line) of congruent LiNbO3 versus signal or idler wavelength for pump wavelength of 870 nm at 22 °C.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Calculated QPM DFG bands for the GVM case (a) in Fig. 1 (solid line, λp= 870 nm, Λ= 24 μm, T = 160 °C), and the GVM case (b) (dashed line, λp= 870 nm, Λ= 24 μm, T = 22 °C), and a non-GVM case (c) (dotted, λp= 1064 nm, Λ= 30 μm, T = 100 °C).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental setup. F1, F2 : Visible, UV cut filter, F3: 1500 nm pass filter, L: lens, M : mirror, H: half wave plate at 1064 nm, CCM: corner cube mirror, B: beam splitter, P: polarizer

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

OPG spectra of PPLN with QPM period of 24 μm and pump at λp = 869 nm (A : 160°C, B: 100 °C, C: 22 °C).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) OPA by various pump energies for λp = 869 nm with 8 nJ seed pulse centered at 1580 nm, (b) OPA gain of signal versus pump intensity. Experimental result (symbols), and theoretical prediction (solid line).

Equations (1)

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d ( Δ k ) d ω s = v g , i 1 v g , s 1 .

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