Abstract

Utilizing phosphate glass fiber with photonic crystal cladding and highly doped, large area core a cladding-pumped, single-frequency fiber oscillator is demonstrated. The fiber oscillator contains only 3.8 cm of active fiber in a linear cavity and operates in the 1.5 micron region. Spectrally broad, multimode pump light from semiconductor laser diodes is converted into a single-mode, single-frequency light beam with an efficiency of about 12% and the oscillator output power reached 2.3 W.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. M. Jauncy, L. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, and D. N. Payne, "Single-longitudinal-mode operation of an Nd3+-doped fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 24, 24-26 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  15. K. Furusawa, A. Malinowski, J. Price, T. Monro, J. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and D. Richardson, "Cladding pumped Ytterbium-doped fiber laser with holey inner and outer cladding," Opt. Express 9, 714-720 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

2004

2003

P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

J. K. Sahu, C. C. Renaud, K. Furusawa, R Selvas, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, D. J. Richardson, and J. Nilsson, "Jacketed air clad cladding pumped ytterbium doped fibre laser with wide tuning range," Electron. Lett. 38, 1116-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Furusawa, A. Malinowski, J. Price, T. Monro, J. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and D. Richardson, "Cladding pumped Ytterbium-doped fiber laser with holey inner and outer cladding," Opt. Express 9, 714-720 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

M. Seijka, P. Varming, J. Hübner, and M. Kristensen, "Distributed feedback Er3+-doped fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 31, 1445-1446 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, and W. H. Glenn, "Standing-wave monomode erbium fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 613-615 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

K. Iwatsuki, H. Okamura, and M. Saruwatari, "Wavelength-tunable single-frequency and single-polarisation Er-doped fibre ring-laser with 1.4 kHz linewidth," Electron. Lett. 26, 2033-2035 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988

J. M. Jauncy, L. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, and D. N. Payne, "Single-longitudinal-mode operation of an Nd3+-doped fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 24, 24-26 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1985

Alvarez-Chavez, J. A.

J. K. Sahu, C. C. Renaud, K. Furusawa, R Selvas, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, D. J. Richardson, and J. Nilsson, "Jacketed air clad cladding pumped ytterbium doped fibre laser with wide tuning range," Electron. Lett. 38, 1116-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ball, G. A.

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, and W. H. Glenn, "Standing-wave monomode erbium fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 613-615 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Broeng, J.

Byer, R. L.

Furusawa, K.

K. Furusawa, A. Malinowski, J. Price, T. Monro, J. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and D. Richardson, "Cladding pumped Ytterbium-doped fiber laser with holey inner and outer cladding," Opt. Express 9, 714-720 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. K. Sahu, C. C. Renaud, K. Furusawa, R Selvas, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, D. J. Richardson, and J. Nilsson, "Jacketed air clad cladding pumped ytterbium doped fibre laser with wide tuning range," Electron. Lett. 38, 1116-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Geng, J.

Glenn, W. H.

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, and W. H. Glenn, "Standing-wave monomode erbium fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 613-615 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Y.

Hübner, J.

M. Seijka, P. Varming, J. Hübner, and M. Kristensen, "Distributed feedback Er3+-doped fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 31, 1445-1446 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Iwatsuki, K.

K. Iwatsuki, H. Okamura, and M. Saruwatari, "Wavelength-tunable single-frequency and single-polarisation Er-doped fibre ring-laser with 1.4 kHz linewidth," Electron. Lett. 26, 2033-2035 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Jakobsen, C.

Jauncy, J. M.

J. M. Jauncy, L. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, and D. N. Payne, "Single-longitudinal-mode operation of an Nd3+-doped fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 24, 24-26 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S.

Kane, T. J.

Kaneda, Y.

Kristensen, M.

M. Seijka, P. Varming, J. Hübner, and M. Kristensen, "Distributed feedback Er3+-doped fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 31, 1445-1446 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

Li, L.

Liem, A.

Limpert, J.

Mafi, A.

Malinowski, A.

Mansuripur, M.

Moloney, J.

Moloney, J. V.

Monro, T.

Morey, W. W.

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, and W. H. Glenn, "Standing-wave monomode erbium fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 613-615 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Morrell, M. M.

Nilsson, J.

J. K. Sahu, C. C. Renaud, K. Furusawa, R Selvas, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, D. J. Richardson, and J. Nilsson, "Jacketed air clad cladding pumped ytterbium doped fibre laser with wide tuning range," Electron. Lett. 38, 1116-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Furusawa, A. Malinowski, J. Price, T. Monro, J. Sahu, J. Nilsson, and D. Richardson, "Cladding pumped Ytterbium-doped fiber laser with holey inner and outer cladding," Opt. Express 9, 714-720 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nolte, S.

Okamura, H.

K. Iwatsuki, H. Okamura, and M. Saruwatari, "Wavelength-tunable single-frequency and single-polarisation Er-doped fibre ring-laser with 1.4 kHz linewidth," Electron. Lett. 26, 2033-2035 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

J. M. Jauncy, L. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, and D. N. Payne, "Single-longitudinal-mode operation of an Nd3+-doped fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 24, 24-26 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Petersson, A.

Peyghamabrian, N.

Peyghambarian, N.

Polynkin, A.

Polynkin, P.

Price, J.

Qiu, T.

Reekie, L.

J. M. Jauncy, L. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, and D. N. Payne, "Single-longitudinal-mode operation of an Nd3+-doped fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 24, 24-26 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Reich, M.

Renaud, C. C.

J. K. Sahu, C. C. Renaud, K. Furusawa, R Selvas, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, D. J. Richardson, and J. Nilsson, "Jacketed air clad cladding pumped ytterbium doped fibre laser with wide tuning range," Electron. Lett. 38, 1116-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D.

Richardson, D. J.

J. K. Sahu, C. C. Renaud, K. Furusawa, R Selvas, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, D. J. Richardson, and J. Nilsson, "Jacketed air clad cladding pumped ytterbium doped fibre laser with wide tuning range," Electron. Lett. 38, 1116-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sabet, S.

Sahu, J.

Sahu, J. K.

J. K. Sahu, C. C. Renaud, K. Furusawa, R Selvas, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, D. J. Richardson, and J. Nilsson, "Jacketed air clad cladding pumped ytterbium doped fibre laser with wide tuning range," Electron. Lett. 38, 1116-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Saruwatari, M.

K. Iwatsuki, H. Okamura, and M. Saruwatari, "Wavelength-tunable single-frequency and single-polarisation Er-doped fibre ring-laser with 1.4 kHz linewidth," Electron. Lett. 26, 2033-2035 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Schreiber, T.

Schülzgen, A.

Seijka, M.

M. Seijka, P. Varming, J. Hübner, and M. Kristensen, "Distributed feedback Er3+-doped fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 31, 1445-1446 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Selvas, R

J. K. Sahu, C. C. Renaud, K. Furusawa, R Selvas, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, D. J. Richardson, and J. Nilsson, "Jacketed air clad cladding pumped ytterbium doped fibre laser with wide tuning range," Electron. Lett. 38, 1116-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Spiegelberg, Ch.

Temyanko, V. L.

Townsend, J. E.

J. M. Jauncy, L. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, and D. N. Payne, "Single-longitudinal-mode operation of an Nd3+-doped fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 24, 24-26 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

Varming, P.

M. Seijka, P. Varming, J. Hübner, and M. Kristensen, "Distributed feedback Er3+-doped fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 31, 1445-1446 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Zellmer, H.

Electron. Lett.

J. M. Jauncy, L. Reekie, J. E. Townsend, and D. N. Payne, "Single-longitudinal-mode operation of an Nd3+-doped fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 24, 24-26 (1988).
[CrossRef]

K. Iwatsuki, H. Okamura, and M. Saruwatari, "Wavelength-tunable single-frequency and single-polarisation Er-doped fibre ring-laser with 1.4 kHz linewidth," Electron. Lett. 26, 2033-2035 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Seijka, P. Varming, J. Hübner, and M. Kristensen, "Distributed feedback Er3+-doped fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 31, 1445-1446 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Sahu, C. C. Renaud, K. Furusawa, R Selvas, J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, D. J. Richardson, and J. Nilsson, "Jacketed air clad cladding pumped ytterbium doped fibre laser with wide tuning range," Electron. Lett. 38, 1116-1117 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

G. A. Ball, W. W. Morey, and W. H. Glenn, "Standing-wave monomode erbium fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 613-615 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Science

P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Large mode area photonic crystal fibre laser," in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics 56, Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2001), pp. 319.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the single-frequency fiber laser. A microscope image of the active photonic crystal fiber with 125 microns outer diameter is shown in the lower left part.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Reflection spectrum of the FBG used in the single-frequency laser. The FBG has a peak reflectivity of 17% at 1534 nm and a 3 dB bandwidth of 0.03 nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Signal output vs. pump power of a fiber laser with only 3.8 cm of active PCF (filled circles). For comparison the performance of a similar laser using 4 cm of active step-index fiber is also shown (open circles) [7]. The lines are for eye guidance indicating no saturation for the PCF laser and a typical saturation behavior of the step-index fiber laser.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

RF beat signal between the emission of the PCF laser oscillator and a narrow linewidth single-frequency reference source measured by an electrical spectrum analyzer indicating (a) single-frequency and (b) multi-line operation of the PCF oscillator.

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