Abstract

We reply to the comment [R. Paschotta and A.C. Tropper, Opt. Express, to be published (2006)] on our recent work reporting a study of the cooperative absorption and emission in heavily-doped Ytterbium silica fibers and mechanisms of the fiber nonlinear transmission coefficient reduction due to the Ytterbium ion-pairs’ effect [A.V. Kir’yanov et al., Opt. Express, 14 (9), 3981 (2006)]. We provide some additional evidences for that our work hypotheses and conclusions.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. Paschotta and A.C. Tropper, “Cooperative luminescence and absorption in Ytterbium-doped silica fiber and the fiber nonlinear transmission coefficient at λ = 980 nm with a regard to the Ytterbium ion-pairs’ effect: Comment,” Opt. Express 14, 6981 (2006).
  2. A.V. Kir’yanov, Yu.O. Barmenkov, I.L. Martinez, A.S. Kurkov, and E.M. Dianov, “Cooperative luminescence and absorption in Ytterbium-doped silica fiber and the fiber nonlinear transmission coefficient at λ=980 nm with a regard to the Ytterbium ion-pairs effect,” Opt. Express 14, 3981–3992 (2006).
  3. R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P.R. Barber, J.E. Caplen, A.C. Tropper, and D.C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136, 375–378 (1997).
  4. L.A. Diaz-Torres, E. De la Rosa, P. Salas, and H. Desirena, ”Enhanced cooperative absorption and upconversion in Yb3+ doped YAG nanophosphors,” Opt. Mater. 27, 1305–1310 (2005).
  5. E. De la Rosa, P. Salas, and L.A. Diaz-Torres, “Strong visible cooperative up-conversion emission in ZrO2: Yb3+ nanocrystals,” Journ. Nanoscience and Nonotechn. 5, 1480–1486 (2005).
  6. F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.L. Francois, and G. Stephan, “Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbiumdoped fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 2220–2229 (1993).
  7. T. Ishii, “First-principles calculations for the cooperative transitions of Yb3+ dimer clusters in Y3Al5O12 and Y2O3 crystals,” J. Chem. Phys. 122, 024705-1–024705-6 (2005).
  8. V. Pilla, T. Catunda, H.P. Jenssen, and A. Cassanho, ”Fluorescence quantum efficiency measurements in the presence of Auger upconversion by the thermal lens method”, Opt. Lett.,  28, 239–241 (2003).
  9. J.J. Kopponen, M.J. Soderlund, S.K.T. Tammela, and H. Po, “Photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica fibers,” in Optically Based Materials and Optically Based Biological and Chemical Sensing for Defence II, Proc. SPIE 5990, 72–81 (2005).
  10. T. Kitabayashi, M. Ikeda, M. Nakai, T. Sakai, K. Himeno, and K. Ohashi, “Population inversion factor dependence of photodarkening of Yb-doped fibers and its suppression by highly Aluminium doping,” in Techn. Digest (International OFC/NFOEC-2006 conference (5-10 March2006, Anaheim, Cal., USA), Paper # OThC5.
  11. H.J. Schugar, E.I. Solomon, W.L. Cleveland, and L. Goodman, ”Simultaneous pair electronic transitions in Yb2O3,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 97:22, 6442–6450 (1975).
  12. A.V. Kir’yanov and Yu.O. Barmenkov, ”Self-Q-switched all-fiber Ytterbium laser,” Laser Phys. Lett., to be published (2006); available in www.interscience.wiley.com, DOI 10.1002/lapl.200610039.

2006 (2)

2005 (4)

L.A. Diaz-Torres, E. De la Rosa, P. Salas, and H. Desirena, ”Enhanced cooperative absorption and upconversion in Yb3+ doped YAG nanophosphors,” Opt. Mater. 27, 1305–1310 (2005).

E. De la Rosa, P. Salas, and L.A. Diaz-Torres, “Strong visible cooperative up-conversion emission in ZrO2: Yb3+ nanocrystals,” Journ. Nanoscience and Nonotechn. 5, 1480–1486 (2005).

T. Ishii, “First-principles calculations for the cooperative transitions of Yb3+ dimer clusters in Y3Al5O12 and Y2O3 crystals,” J. Chem. Phys. 122, 024705-1–024705-6 (2005).

J.J. Kopponen, M.J. Soderlund, S.K.T. Tammela, and H. Po, “Photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica fibers,” in Optically Based Materials and Optically Based Biological and Chemical Sensing for Defence II, Proc. SPIE 5990, 72–81 (2005).

2003 (1)

1997 (1)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P.R. Barber, J.E. Caplen, A.C. Tropper, and D.C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136, 375–378 (1997).

1993 (1)

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.L. Francois, and G. Stephan, “Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbiumdoped fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 2220–2229 (1993).

1975 (1)

H.J. Schugar, E.I. Solomon, W.L. Cleveland, and L. Goodman, ”Simultaneous pair electronic transitions in Yb2O3,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 97:22, 6442–6450 (1975).

Barber, P.R.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P.R. Barber, J.E. Caplen, A.C. Tropper, and D.C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136, 375–378 (1997).

Barmenkov, Yu.O.

Caplen, J.E.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P.R. Barber, J.E. Caplen, A.C. Tropper, and D.C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136, 375–378 (1997).

Cassanho, A.

Catunda, T.

Cleveland, W.L.

H.J. Schugar, E.I. Solomon, W.L. Cleveland, and L. Goodman, ”Simultaneous pair electronic transitions in Yb2O3,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 97:22, 6442–6450 (1975).

De la Rosa, E.

L.A. Diaz-Torres, E. De la Rosa, P. Salas, and H. Desirena, ”Enhanced cooperative absorption and upconversion in Yb3+ doped YAG nanophosphors,” Opt. Mater. 27, 1305–1310 (2005).

E. De la Rosa, P. Salas, and L.A. Diaz-Torres, “Strong visible cooperative up-conversion emission in ZrO2: Yb3+ nanocrystals,” Journ. Nanoscience and Nonotechn. 5, 1480–1486 (2005).

Desirena, H.

L.A. Diaz-Torres, E. De la Rosa, P. Salas, and H. Desirena, ”Enhanced cooperative absorption and upconversion in Yb3+ doped YAG nanophosphors,” Opt. Mater. 27, 1305–1310 (2005).

Dianov, E.M.

Diaz-Torres, L.A.

E. De la Rosa, P. Salas, and L.A. Diaz-Torres, “Strong visible cooperative up-conversion emission in ZrO2: Yb3+ nanocrystals,” Journ. Nanoscience and Nonotechn. 5, 1480–1486 (2005).

L.A. Diaz-Torres, E. De la Rosa, P. Salas, and H. Desirena, ”Enhanced cooperative absorption and upconversion in Yb3+ doped YAG nanophosphors,” Opt. Mater. 27, 1305–1310 (2005).

Francois, P.L.

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.L. Francois, and G. Stephan, “Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbiumdoped fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 2220–2229 (1993).

Goodman, L.

H.J. Schugar, E.I. Solomon, W.L. Cleveland, and L. Goodman, ”Simultaneous pair electronic transitions in Yb2O3,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 97:22, 6442–6450 (1975).

Hanna, D.C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P.R. Barber, J.E. Caplen, A.C. Tropper, and D.C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136, 375–378 (1997).

Himeno, K.

T. Kitabayashi, M. Ikeda, M. Nakai, T. Sakai, K. Himeno, and K. Ohashi, “Population inversion factor dependence of photodarkening of Yb-doped fibers and its suppression by highly Aluminium doping,” in Techn. Digest (International OFC/NFOEC-2006 conference (5-10 March2006, Anaheim, Cal., USA), Paper # OThC5.

Ikeda, M.

T. Kitabayashi, M. Ikeda, M. Nakai, T. Sakai, K. Himeno, and K. Ohashi, “Population inversion factor dependence of photodarkening of Yb-doped fibers and its suppression by highly Aluminium doping,” in Techn. Digest (International OFC/NFOEC-2006 conference (5-10 March2006, Anaheim, Cal., USA), Paper # OThC5.

Ishii, T.

T. Ishii, “First-principles calculations for the cooperative transitions of Yb3+ dimer clusters in Y3Al5O12 and Y2O3 crystals,” J. Chem. Phys. 122, 024705-1–024705-6 (2005).

Jenssen, H.P.

Kir’yanov, A.V.

Kitabayashi, T.

T. Kitabayashi, M. Ikeda, M. Nakai, T. Sakai, K. Himeno, and K. Ohashi, “Population inversion factor dependence of photodarkening of Yb-doped fibers and its suppression by highly Aluminium doping,” in Techn. Digest (International OFC/NFOEC-2006 conference (5-10 March2006, Anaheim, Cal., USA), Paper # OThC5.

Kopponen, J.J.

J.J. Kopponen, M.J. Soderlund, S.K.T. Tammela, and H. Po, “Photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica fibers,” in Optically Based Materials and Optically Based Biological and Chemical Sensing for Defence II, Proc. SPIE 5990, 72–81 (2005).

Kurkov, A.S.

Le Boudec, P.

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.L. Francois, and G. Stephan, “Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbiumdoped fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 2220–2229 (1993).

Martinez, I.L.

Nakai, M.

T. Kitabayashi, M. Ikeda, M. Nakai, T. Sakai, K. Himeno, and K. Ohashi, “Population inversion factor dependence of photodarkening of Yb-doped fibers and its suppression by highly Aluminium doping,” in Techn. Digest (International OFC/NFOEC-2006 conference (5-10 March2006, Anaheim, Cal., USA), Paper # OThC5.

Nilsson, J.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P.R. Barber, J.E. Caplen, A.C. Tropper, and D.C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136, 375–378 (1997).

Ohashi, K.

T. Kitabayashi, M. Ikeda, M. Nakai, T. Sakai, K. Himeno, and K. Ohashi, “Population inversion factor dependence of photodarkening of Yb-doped fibers and its suppression by highly Aluminium doping,” in Techn. Digest (International OFC/NFOEC-2006 conference (5-10 March2006, Anaheim, Cal., USA), Paper # OThC5.

Paschotta, R.

Pilla, V.

Po, H.

J.J. Kopponen, M.J. Soderlund, S.K.T. Tammela, and H. Po, “Photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica fibers,” in Optically Based Materials and Optically Based Biological and Chemical Sensing for Defence II, Proc. SPIE 5990, 72–81 (2005).

Sakai, T.

T. Kitabayashi, M. Ikeda, M. Nakai, T. Sakai, K. Himeno, and K. Ohashi, “Population inversion factor dependence of photodarkening of Yb-doped fibers and its suppression by highly Aluminium doping,” in Techn. Digest (International OFC/NFOEC-2006 conference (5-10 March2006, Anaheim, Cal., USA), Paper # OThC5.

Salas, P.

L.A. Diaz-Torres, E. De la Rosa, P. Salas, and H. Desirena, ”Enhanced cooperative absorption and upconversion in Yb3+ doped YAG nanophosphors,” Opt. Mater. 27, 1305–1310 (2005).

E. De la Rosa, P. Salas, and L.A. Diaz-Torres, “Strong visible cooperative up-conversion emission in ZrO2: Yb3+ nanocrystals,” Journ. Nanoscience and Nonotechn. 5, 1480–1486 (2005).

Sanchez, F.

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.L. Francois, and G. Stephan, “Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbiumdoped fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 2220–2229 (1993).

Schugar, H.J.

H.J. Schugar, E.I. Solomon, W.L. Cleveland, and L. Goodman, ”Simultaneous pair electronic transitions in Yb2O3,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 97:22, 6442–6450 (1975).

Soderlund, M.J.

J.J. Kopponen, M.J. Soderlund, S.K.T. Tammela, and H. Po, “Photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica fibers,” in Optically Based Materials and Optically Based Biological and Chemical Sensing for Defence II, Proc. SPIE 5990, 72–81 (2005).

Solomon, E.I.

H.J. Schugar, E.I. Solomon, W.L. Cleveland, and L. Goodman, ”Simultaneous pair electronic transitions in Yb2O3,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 97:22, 6442–6450 (1975).

Stephan, G.

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.L. Francois, and G. Stephan, “Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbiumdoped fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 2220–2229 (1993).

Tammela, S.K.T.

J.J. Kopponen, M.J. Soderlund, S.K.T. Tammela, and H. Po, “Photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica fibers,” in Optically Based Materials and Optically Based Biological and Chemical Sensing for Defence II, Proc. SPIE 5990, 72–81 (2005).

Tropper, A.C.

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

H.J. Schugar, E.I. Solomon, W.L. Cleveland, and L. Goodman, ”Simultaneous pair electronic transitions in Yb2O3,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 97:22, 6442–6450 (1975).

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

T. Ishii, “First-principles calculations for the cooperative transitions of Yb3+ dimer clusters in Y3Al5O12 and Y2O3 crystals,” J. Chem. Phys. 122, 024705-1–024705-6 (2005).

Journ. Nanoscience and Nonotechn. (1)

E. De la Rosa, P. Salas, and L.A. Diaz-Torres, “Strong visible cooperative up-conversion emission in ZrO2: Yb3+ nanocrystals,” Journ. Nanoscience and Nonotechn. 5, 1480–1486 (2005).

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P.R. Barber, J.E. Caplen, A.C. Tropper, and D.C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres,” Opt. Commun. 136, 375–378 (1997).

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. (1)

L.A. Diaz-Torres, E. De la Rosa, P. Salas, and H. Desirena, ”Enhanced cooperative absorption and upconversion in Yb3+ doped YAG nanophosphors,” Opt. Mater. 27, 1305–1310 (2005).

Phys. Rev. A (1)

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.L. Francois, and G. Stephan, “Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbiumdoped fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 2220–2229 (1993).

Proc. SPIE (1)

J.J. Kopponen, M.J. Soderlund, S.K.T. Tammela, and H. Po, “Photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica fibers,” in Optically Based Materials and Optically Based Biological and Chemical Sensing for Defence II, Proc. SPIE 5990, 72–81 (2005).

Other (2)

T. Kitabayashi, M. Ikeda, M. Nakai, T. Sakai, K. Himeno, and K. Ohashi, “Population inversion factor dependence of photodarkening of Yb-doped fibers and its suppression by highly Aluminium doping,” in Techn. Digest (International OFC/NFOEC-2006 conference (5-10 March2006, Anaheim, Cal., USA), Paper # OThC5.

A.V. Kir’yanov and Yu.O. Barmenkov, ”Self-Q-switched all-fiber Ytterbium laser,” Laser Phys. Lett., to be published (2006); available in www.interscience.wiley.com, DOI 10.1002/lapl.200610039.

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Energy level diagram of Ytterbium in heavily-doped YF. Schematically are shown the resonant absorption and induced emission transitions (solid arrays) and spontaneous emission transitions (dashed arrays) under 1-μm excitation.

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