Abstract

We reply to the comment [R. Paschotta and A.C. Tropper, Opt. Express, to be published (2006)] on our recent work reporting a study of the cooperative absorption and emission in heavily-doped Ytterbium silica fibers and mechanisms of the fiber nonlinear transmission coefficient reduction due to the Ytterbium ion-pairs’ effect [A.V. Kir’yanov et al., Opt. Express, 14 (9), 3981 (2006)]. We provide some additional evidences for that our work hypotheses and conclusions.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. Paschotta and A.C. Tropper, "Cooperative luminescence and absorption in Ytterbium-doped silica fiber and the fiber nonlinear transmission coefficient at lamda = 980 nm with a regard to the Ytterbium ion-pairs’ effect: Comment," Opt. Express 14, 6981 (2006).
  2. A.V. Kir’yanov, Yu.O. Barmenkov, I.L. Martinez, A.S. Kurkov, and E.M. Dianov, "Cooperative luminescence and absorption in Ytterbium-doped silica fiber and the fiber nonlinear transmission coefficient at lambda=980 nm with a regard to the Ytterbium ion-pairs effect," Opt. Express 14, 3981-3992 (2006).
  3. R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P.R. Barber, J.E. Caplen, A.C. Tropper, and D.C. Hanna, "Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres," Opt. Commun. 136, 375-378 (1997).
  4. L.A. Diaz-Torres, E. De la Rosa, P. Salas, and H. Desirena, "Enhanced cooperative absorption and up-conversion in Yb3+ doped YAG nanophosphors," Opt. Mater. 27, 1305-1310 (2005).
  5. E. De la Rosa, P. Salas, and L.A. Diaz-Torres, "Strong visible cooperative up-conversion emission in ZrO2: Yb3+ nanocrystals," Journ. Nanoscience and Nonotechn. 5, 1480-1486 (2005).
  6. F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.L. Francois, and G. Stephan, "Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbium-doped fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 48, 2220-2229 (1993).
  7. T. Ishii, "First-principles calculations for the cooperative transitions of Yb3+ dimer clusters in Y3Al5O12 and Y2O3 crystals," J. Chem. Phys. 122, 024705-1-024705-6 (2005).
  8. V. Pilla, T. Catunda, H.P. Jenssen, and A. Cassanho, "Fluorescence quantum efficiency measurements in the presence of Auger upconversion by the thermal lens method", Opt. Lett.,  28, 239-241 (2003).
  9. J.J. Kopponen, M.J. Soderlund, S.K.T. Tammela, and H. Po, "Photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica fibers," in Optically Based Materials and Optically Based Biological and Chemical Sensing for Defence II, Proc. SPIE 5990, 72-81 (2005).
  10. T. Kitabayashi, M. Ikeda, M. Nakai, T. Sakai, K. Himeno, and K. Ohashi, "Population inversion factor dependence of photodarkening of Yb-doped fibers and its suppression by highly Aluminium doping," in Techn. Digest (International OFC/NFOEC-2006 conference (5-10 March2006, Anaheim, Cal., USA), Paper # OThC5.
  11. H.J. Schugar, E.I. Solomon, W.L. Cleveland, and L. Goodman, "Simultaneous pair electronic transitions in Yb2O3," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 97:22, 6442-6450 (1975).
  12. A.V. Kir’yanov and Yu.O. Barmenkov, "Self-Q-switched all-fiber Ytterbium laser," Laser Phys. Lett., to be published (2006); available in www.interscience.wiley.com, DOI10.1002/lapl.200610039.

2006 (2)

2005 (4)

L.A. Diaz-Torres, E. De la Rosa, P. Salas, and H. Desirena, "Enhanced cooperative absorption and up-conversion in Yb3+ doped YAG nanophosphors," Opt. Mater. 27, 1305-1310 (2005).

E. De la Rosa, P. Salas, and L.A. Diaz-Torres, "Strong visible cooperative up-conversion emission in ZrO2: Yb3+ nanocrystals," Journ. Nanoscience and Nonotechn. 5, 1480-1486 (2005).

T. Ishii, "First-principles calculations for the cooperative transitions of Yb3+ dimer clusters in Y3Al5O12 and Y2O3 crystals," J. Chem. Phys. 122, 024705-1-024705-6 (2005).

J.J. Kopponen, M.J. Soderlund, S.K.T. Tammela, and H. Po, "Photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica fibers," in Optically Based Materials and Optically Based Biological and Chemical Sensing for Defence II, Proc. SPIE 5990, 72-81 (2005).

2003 (1)

1997 (1)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P.R. Barber, J.E. Caplen, A.C. Tropper, and D.C. Hanna, "Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres," Opt. Commun. 136, 375-378 (1997).

1993 (1)

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.L. Francois, and G. Stephan, "Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbium-doped fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 48, 2220-2229 (1993).

1975 (1)

H.J. Schugar, E.I. Solomon, W.L. Cleveland, and L. Goodman, "Simultaneous pair electronic transitions in Yb2O3," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 97:22, 6442-6450 (1975).

Barber, P.R.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P.R. Barber, J.E. Caplen, A.C. Tropper, and D.C. Hanna, "Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres," Opt. Commun. 136, 375-378 (1997).

Barmenkov, Yu.O.

Caplen, J.E.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P.R. Barber, J.E. Caplen, A.C. Tropper, and D.C. Hanna, "Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres," Opt. Commun. 136, 375-378 (1997).

Cassanho, A.

Catunda, T.

Cleveland, W.L.

H.J. Schugar, E.I. Solomon, W.L. Cleveland, and L. Goodman, "Simultaneous pair electronic transitions in Yb2O3," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 97:22, 6442-6450 (1975).

De la Rosa, E.

E. De la Rosa, P. Salas, and L.A. Diaz-Torres, "Strong visible cooperative up-conversion emission in ZrO2: Yb3+ nanocrystals," Journ. Nanoscience and Nonotechn. 5, 1480-1486 (2005).

L.A. Diaz-Torres, E. De la Rosa, P. Salas, and H. Desirena, "Enhanced cooperative absorption and up-conversion in Yb3+ doped YAG nanophosphors," Opt. Mater. 27, 1305-1310 (2005).

Desirena, H.

L.A. Diaz-Torres, E. De la Rosa, P. Salas, and H. Desirena, "Enhanced cooperative absorption and up-conversion in Yb3+ doped YAG nanophosphors," Opt. Mater. 27, 1305-1310 (2005).

Dianov, E.M.

Diaz-Torres, L.A.

L.A. Diaz-Torres, E. De la Rosa, P. Salas, and H. Desirena, "Enhanced cooperative absorption and up-conversion in Yb3+ doped YAG nanophosphors," Opt. Mater. 27, 1305-1310 (2005).

E. De la Rosa, P. Salas, and L.A. Diaz-Torres, "Strong visible cooperative up-conversion emission in ZrO2: Yb3+ nanocrystals," Journ. Nanoscience and Nonotechn. 5, 1480-1486 (2005).

Francois, P.L.

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.L. Francois, and G. Stephan, "Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbium-doped fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 48, 2220-2229 (1993).

Goodman, L.

H.J. Schugar, E.I. Solomon, W.L. Cleveland, and L. Goodman, "Simultaneous pair electronic transitions in Yb2O3," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 97:22, 6442-6450 (1975).

Hanna, D.C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P.R. Barber, J.E. Caplen, A.C. Tropper, and D.C. Hanna, "Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres," Opt. Commun. 136, 375-378 (1997).

Ishii, T.

T. Ishii, "First-principles calculations for the cooperative transitions of Yb3+ dimer clusters in Y3Al5O12 and Y2O3 crystals," J. Chem. Phys. 122, 024705-1-024705-6 (2005).

Jenssen, H.P.

Kir’yanov, A.V.

Kopponen, J.J.

J.J. Kopponen, M.J. Soderlund, S.K.T. Tammela, and H. Po, "Photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica fibers," in Optically Based Materials and Optically Based Biological and Chemical Sensing for Defence II, Proc. SPIE 5990, 72-81 (2005).

Kurkov, A.S.

Le Boudec, P.

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.L. Francois, and G. Stephan, "Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbium-doped fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 48, 2220-2229 (1993).

Martinez, I.L.

Nilsson, J.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P.R. Barber, J.E. Caplen, A.C. Tropper, and D.C. Hanna, "Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres," Opt. Commun. 136, 375-378 (1997).

Paschotta, R.

Pilla, V.

Po, H.

J.J. Kopponen, M.J. Soderlund, S.K.T. Tammela, and H. Po, "Photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica fibers," in Optically Based Materials and Optically Based Biological and Chemical Sensing for Defence II, Proc. SPIE 5990, 72-81 (2005).

Salas, P.

E. De la Rosa, P. Salas, and L.A. Diaz-Torres, "Strong visible cooperative up-conversion emission in ZrO2: Yb3+ nanocrystals," Journ. Nanoscience and Nonotechn. 5, 1480-1486 (2005).

L.A. Diaz-Torres, E. De la Rosa, P. Salas, and H. Desirena, "Enhanced cooperative absorption and up-conversion in Yb3+ doped YAG nanophosphors," Opt. Mater. 27, 1305-1310 (2005).

Sanchez, F.

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.L. Francois, and G. Stephan, "Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbium-doped fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 48, 2220-2229 (1993).

Schugar, H.J.

H.J. Schugar, E.I. Solomon, W.L. Cleveland, and L. Goodman, "Simultaneous pair electronic transitions in Yb2O3," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 97:22, 6442-6450 (1975).

Soderlund, M.J.

J.J. Kopponen, M.J. Soderlund, S.K.T. Tammela, and H. Po, "Photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica fibers," in Optically Based Materials and Optically Based Biological and Chemical Sensing for Defence II, Proc. SPIE 5990, 72-81 (2005).

Solomon, E.I.

H.J. Schugar, E.I. Solomon, W.L. Cleveland, and L. Goodman, "Simultaneous pair electronic transitions in Yb2O3," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 97:22, 6442-6450 (1975).

Stephan, G.

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.L. Francois, and G. Stephan, "Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbium-doped fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 48, 2220-2229 (1993).

Tammela, S.K.T.

J.J. Kopponen, M.J. Soderlund, S.K.T. Tammela, and H. Po, "Photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica fibers," in Optically Based Materials and Optically Based Biological and Chemical Sensing for Defence II, Proc. SPIE 5990, 72-81 (2005).

Tropper, A.C.

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

H.J. Schugar, E.I. Solomon, W.L. Cleveland, and L. Goodman, "Simultaneous pair electronic transitions in Yb2O3," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 97:22, 6442-6450 (1975).

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

T. Ishii, "First-principles calculations for the cooperative transitions of Yb3+ dimer clusters in Y3Al5O12 and Y2O3 crystals," J. Chem. Phys. 122, 024705-1-024705-6 (2005).

Journ. Nanoscience and Nonotechn. (1)

E. De la Rosa, P. Salas, and L.A. Diaz-Torres, "Strong visible cooperative up-conversion emission in ZrO2: Yb3+ nanocrystals," Journ. Nanoscience and Nonotechn. 5, 1480-1486 (2005).

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P.R. Barber, J.E. Caplen, A.C. Tropper, and D.C. Hanna, "Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibres," Opt. Commun. 136, 375-378 (1997).

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. (1)

L.A. Diaz-Torres, E. De la Rosa, P. Salas, and H. Desirena, "Enhanced cooperative absorption and up-conversion in Yb3+ doped YAG nanophosphors," Opt. Mater. 27, 1305-1310 (2005).

Phys. Rev. A (1)

F. Sanchez, P. Le Boudec, P.L. Francois, and G. Stephan, "Effects of ion pairs on the dynamics of erbium-doped fiber lasers," Phys. Rev. A 48, 2220-2229 (1993).

Proc. SPIE (1)

J.J. Kopponen, M.J. Soderlund, S.K.T. Tammela, and H. Po, "Photodarkening in ytterbium-doped silica fibers," in Optically Based Materials and Optically Based Biological and Chemical Sensing for Defence II, Proc. SPIE 5990, 72-81 (2005).

Other (2)

T. Kitabayashi, M. Ikeda, M. Nakai, T. Sakai, K. Himeno, and K. Ohashi, "Population inversion factor dependence of photodarkening of Yb-doped fibers and its suppression by highly Aluminium doping," in Techn. Digest (International OFC/NFOEC-2006 conference (5-10 March2006, Anaheim, Cal., USA), Paper # OThC5.

A.V. Kir’yanov and Yu.O. Barmenkov, "Self-Q-switched all-fiber Ytterbium laser," Laser Phys. Lett., to be published (2006); available in www.interscience.wiley.com, DOI10.1002/lapl.200610039.

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Energy level diagram of Ytterbium in heavily-doped YF. Schematically are shown the resonant absorption and induced emission transitions (solid arrays) and spontaneous emission transitions (dashed arrays) under 1-μm excitation.

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