Abstract

We report significant improvements in the retrieval efficiency of a single excitation stored in an atomic ensemble and in the subsequent generation of strongly correlated pairs of photons. A 50% probability of transforming the stored excitation into one photon in a well-defined spatio-temporal mode at the output of the ensemble is demonstrated. These improvements are illustrated by the generation of high-quality heralded single photons with a suppression of the two-photon component below 1% of the value for a coherent state. A broad characterization of our system is performed for different parameters in order to provide input for the future design of realistic quantum networks.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Quantum repeaters: the role of imperfect local operations in quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 005932 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics," Nature 414, 413-418 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. L. -M. Duan, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Three-dimensional theory for interaction between atomic ensembles and free-space light," Phys. Rev. A 66, 023818 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, "Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles," Nature 423, 731-734 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. D. Eisaman, L. Childress, A. André, F. Massou, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Shaping quantum pulses of light via coherent atomic memory," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233602 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. V. Balic, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of paired photons with controllable waveforms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183601 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, S. V. Polyakov, and H. J. Kimble, "Control of decoherence in the generation of photon pairs from atomic ensembles," Phys. Rev. A 72, 053809 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chanelière,M. Bhattacharya, S.-Y. Lan, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of a photon and a collective atomic excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 040405 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, S. V. Polyakov, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, "Measurementinduced entanglement for excitation stored in remote atomic ensembles," Nature 438, 828-832 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chanelière, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of remote atomic qubits," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 030405 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Storage and retrieval of single photons transmitted between remote quantum memories," Nature 438, 833-836 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. D. Eisaman, A. André, F. Massou, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Electromagnetically induced transparency with tunable single-photon pulses," Nature 438, 837-841 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. D. Bouwmeester, A. Ekert, and A. Zeilinger, The Physics of Quantum Information, (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 2001)
  14. P. Grangier, G. Roger, and A. Aspect, "Experimental evidence for a photon anticorrelation effect on a beam splitter - A new light on single-photon interferences," Europhys. Lett. 1, 173-179 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. W. Chou, S. V. Polyakov, A. Kuzmich, and H. J. Kimble, "Single-photon generation from stored excitation in an atomic ensemble," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213601 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. A. T. Black, J. K. Thompson, and V. Vuletic¸, "On-demand superradiant conversion of atomic spin gratings into single photons with high efficiency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 133601 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. C. K. Hong and L. Mandel, "Experimental realization of a localized one-photon state," Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 58-60 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzili, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, J. L. Ball, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, "Characterization of the nonclassical nature of conditionally prepared single photons," Phys. Rev. A 72, 21802(R) (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. A. André, "Nonclassical states of light and atomic ensembles: generation and new applications," Thesis, Harvard University (2005).

2006 (1)

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chanelière, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of remote atomic qubits," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 030405 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (8)

T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Storage and retrieval of single photons transmitted between remote quantum memories," Nature 438, 833-836 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Eisaman, A. André, F. Massou, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Electromagnetically induced transparency with tunable single-photon pulses," Nature 438, 837-841 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. T. Black, J. K. Thompson, and V. Vuletic¸, "On-demand superradiant conversion of atomic spin gratings into single photons with high efficiency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 133601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Balic, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of paired photons with controllable waveforms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, S. V. Polyakov, and H. J. Kimble, "Control of decoherence in the generation of photon pairs from atomic ensembles," Phys. Rev. A 72, 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chanelière,M. Bhattacharya, S.-Y. Lan, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of a photon and a collective atomic excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 040405 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, S. V. Polyakov, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, "Measurementinduced entanglement for excitation stored in remote atomic ensembles," Nature 438, 828-832 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, J. L. Ball, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, "Characterization of the nonclassical nature of conditionally prepared single photons," Phys. Rev. A 72, 21802(R) (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzili, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Eisaman, L. Childress, A. André, F. Massou, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Shaping quantum pulses of light via coherent atomic memory," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chou, S. V. Polyakov, A. Kuzmich, and H. J. Kimble, "Single-photon generation from stored excitation in an atomic ensemble," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, "Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles," Nature 423, 731-734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

L. -M. Duan, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Three-dimensional theory for interaction between atomic ensembles and free-space light," Phys. Rev. A 66, 023818 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics," Nature 414, 413-418 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Quantum repeaters: the role of imperfect local operations in quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 005932 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

C. K. Hong and L. Mandel, "Experimental realization of a localized one-photon state," Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 58-60 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Grangier, G. Roger, and A. Aspect, "Experimental evidence for a photon anticorrelation effect on a beam splitter - A new light on single-photon interferences," Europhys. Lett. 1, 173-179 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Alibart, O.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzili, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

André, A.

M. D. Eisaman, A. André, F. Massou, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Electromagnetically induced transparency with tunable single-photon pulses," Nature 438, 837-841 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Eisaman, L. Childress, A. André, F. Massou, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Shaping quantum pulses of light via coherent atomic memory," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aspect, A.

P. Grangier, G. Roger, and A. Aspect, "Experimental evidence for a photon anticorrelation effect on a beam splitter - A new light on single-photon interferences," Europhys. Lett. 1, 173-179 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Baldi, P.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzili, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Balic, V.

V. Balic, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of paired photons with controllable waveforms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ball, J. L.

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, J. L. Ball, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, "Characterization of the nonclassical nature of conditionally prepared single photons," Phys. Rev. A 72, 21802(R) (2005).
[CrossRef]

Banaszek, K.

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, J. L. Ball, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, "Characterization of the nonclassical nature of conditionally prepared single photons," Phys. Rev. A 72, 21802(R) (2005).
[CrossRef]

Beveratos, A.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzili, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bhattacharya, M.

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chanelière,M. Bhattacharya, S.-Y. Lan, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of a photon and a collective atomic excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 040405 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Black, A. T.

A. T. Black, J. K. Thompson, and V. Vuletic¸, "On-demand superradiant conversion of atomic spin gratings into single photons with high efficiency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 133601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boca, A.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, "Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles," Nature 423, 731-734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boozer, A. D.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, "Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles," Nature 423, 731-734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bowen, W. P.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, "Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles," Nature 423, 731-734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Braje, D. A.

V. Balic, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of paired photons with controllable waveforms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Briegel, H.-J.

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Quantum repeaters: the role of imperfect local operations in quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 005932 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chanelière, T.

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chanelière, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of remote atomic qubits," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 030405 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chanelière,M. Bhattacharya, S.-Y. Lan, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of a photon and a collective atomic excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 040405 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Storage and retrieval of single photons transmitted between remote quantum memories," Nature 438, 833-836 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Childress, L.

M. D. Eisaman, L. Childress, A. André, F. Massou, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Shaping quantum pulses of light via coherent atomic memory," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chou, C. W.

D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, S. V. Polyakov, and H. J. Kimble, "Control of decoherence in the generation of photon pairs from atomic ensembles," Phys. Rev. A 72, 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, S. V. Polyakov, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, "Measurementinduced entanglement for excitation stored in remote atomic ensembles," Nature 438, 828-832 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chou, S. V. Polyakov, A. Kuzmich, and H. J. Kimble, "Single-photon generation from stored excitation in an atomic ensemble," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, "Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles," Nature 423, 731-734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cirac, J. I.

L. -M. Duan, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Three-dimensional theory for interaction between atomic ensembles and free-space light," Phys. Rev. A 66, 023818 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics," Nature 414, 413-418 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Quantum repeaters: the role of imperfect local operations in quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 005932 (1998).
[CrossRef]

de Riedmatten, H.

D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, S. V. Polyakov, and H. J. Kimble, "Control of decoherence in the generation of photon pairs from atomic ensembles," Phys. Rev. A 72, 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, S. V. Polyakov, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, "Measurementinduced entanglement for excitation stored in remote atomic ensembles," Nature 438, 828-832 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duan, L. -M.

L. -M. Duan, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Three-dimensional theory for interaction between atomic ensembles and free-space light," Phys. Rev. A 66, 023818 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Duan, L.-M.

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, "Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles," Nature 423, 731-734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics," Nature 414, 413-418 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dür, W.

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Quantum repeaters: the role of imperfect local operations in quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 005932 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eisaman, M. D.

M. D. Eisaman, A. André, F. Massou, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Electromagnetically induced transparency with tunable single-photon pulses," Nature 438, 837-841 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Eisaman, L. Childress, A. André, F. Massou, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Shaping quantum pulses of light via coherent atomic memory," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fasel, S.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzili, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Felinto, D.

C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, S. V. Polyakov, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, "Measurementinduced entanglement for excitation stored in remote atomic ensembles," Nature 438, 828-832 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, S. V. Polyakov, and H. J. Kimble, "Control of decoherence in the generation of photon pairs from atomic ensembles," Phys. Rev. A 72, 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fleischhauer, M.

M. D. Eisaman, A. André, F. Massou, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Electromagnetically induced transparency with tunable single-photon pulses," Nature 438, 837-841 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gisin, N.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzili, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Grangier, P.

P. Grangier, G. Roger, and A. Aspect, "Experimental evidence for a photon anticorrelation effect on a beam splitter - A new light on single-photon interferences," Europhys. Lett. 1, 173-179 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

V. Balic, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of paired photons with controllable waveforms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, C. K.

C. K. Hong and L. Mandel, "Experimental realization of a localized one-photon state," Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 58-60 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jenkins, S. D.

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chanelière, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of remote atomic qubits," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 030405 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chanelière,M. Bhattacharya, S.-Y. Lan, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of a photon and a collective atomic excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 040405 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Storage and retrieval of single photons transmitted between remote quantum memories," Nature 438, 833-836 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kennedy, T. A. B.

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chanelière, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of remote atomic qubits," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 030405 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chanelière,M. Bhattacharya, S.-Y. Lan, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of a photon and a collective atomic excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 040405 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Storage and retrieval of single photons transmitted between remote quantum memories," Nature 438, 833-836 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kimble, H. J.

C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, S. V. Polyakov, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, "Measurementinduced entanglement for excitation stored in remote atomic ensembles," Nature 438, 828-832 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, S. V. Polyakov, and H. J. Kimble, "Control of decoherence in the generation of photon pairs from atomic ensembles," Phys. Rev. A 72, 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chou, S. V. Polyakov, A. Kuzmich, and H. J. Kimble, "Single-photon generation from stored excitation in an atomic ensemble," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, "Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles," Nature 423, 731-734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knill, E.

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kolchin, P.

V. Balic, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of paired photons with controllable waveforms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuzmich, A.

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chanelière, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of remote atomic qubits," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 030405 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chanelière,M. Bhattacharya, S.-Y. Lan, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of a photon and a collective atomic excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 040405 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Storage and retrieval of single photons transmitted between remote quantum memories," Nature 438, 833-836 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chou, S. V. Polyakov, A. Kuzmich, and H. J. Kimble, "Single-photon generation from stored excitation in an atomic ensemble," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, "Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles," Nature 423, 731-734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laflamme, R.

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lan, S.-Y.

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chanelière, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of remote atomic qubits," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 030405 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chanelière,M. Bhattacharya, S.-Y. Lan, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of a photon and a collective atomic excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 040405 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Storage and retrieval of single photons transmitted between remote quantum memories," Nature 438, 833-836 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lukin, M. D.

M. D. Eisaman, A. André, F. Massou, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Electromagnetically induced transparency with tunable single-photon pulses," Nature 438, 837-841 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Eisaman, L. Childress, A. André, F. Massou, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Shaping quantum pulses of light via coherent atomic memory," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics," Nature 414, 413-418 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mandel, L.

C. K. Hong and L. Mandel, "Experimental realization of a localized one-photon state," Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 58-60 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Massou, F.

M. D. Eisaman, A. André, F. Massou, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Electromagnetically induced transparency with tunable single-photon pulses," Nature 438, 837-841 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Eisaman, L. Childress, A. André, F. Massou, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Shaping quantum pulses of light via coherent atomic memory," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsukevich, D. N.

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chanelière, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of remote atomic qubits," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 030405 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Storage and retrieval of single photons transmitted between remote quantum memories," Nature 438, 833-836 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chanelière,M. Bhattacharya, S.-Y. Lan, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of a photon and a collective atomic excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 040405 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Milburn, G. J.

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Polyakov, S. V.

D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, S. V. Polyakov, and H. J. Kimble, "Control of decoherence in the generation of photon pairs from atomic ensembles," Phys. Rev. A 72, 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, S. V. Polyakov, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, "Measurementinduced entanglement for excitation stored in remote atomic ensembles," Nature 438, 828-832 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chou, S. V. Polyakov, A. Kuzmich, and H. J. Kimble, "Single-photon generation from stored excitation in an atomic ensemble," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roger, G.

P. Grangier, G. Roger, and A. Aspect, "Experimental evidence for a photon anticorrelation effect on a beam splitter - A new light on single-photon interferences," Europhys. Lett. 1, 173-179 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Silberhorn, C.

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, J. L. Ball, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, "Characterization of the nonclassical nature of conditionally prepared single photons," Phys. Rev. A 72, 21802(R) (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tanzili, S.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzili, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, J. K.

A. T. Black, J. K. Thompson, and V. Vuletic¸, "On-demand superradiant conversion of atomic spin gratings into single photons with high efficiency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 133601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U’Ren, A. B.

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, J. L. Ball, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, "Characterization of the nonclassical nature of conditionally prepared single photons," Phys. Rev. A 72, 21802(R) (2005).
[CrossRef]

van Enk, S. J.

C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, S. V. Polyakov, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, "Measurementinduced entanglement for excitation stored in remote atomic ensembles," Nature 438, 828-832 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vuletic¸, V.

A. T. Black, J. K. Thompson, and V. Vuletic¸, "On-demand superradiant conversion of atomic spin gratings into single photons with high efficiency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 133601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walmsley, I. A.

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, J. L. Ball, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, "Characterization of the nonclassical nature of conditionally prepared single photons," Phys. Rev. A 72, 21802(R) (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yin, G. Y.

V. Balic, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of paired photons with controllable waveforms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zbinden, H.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzili, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zibrov, A. S.

M. D. Eisaman, A. André, F. Massou, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Electromagnetically induced transparency with tunable single-photon pulses," Nature 438, 837-841 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Eisaman, L. Childress, A. André, F. Massou, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Shaping quantum pulses of light via coherent atomic memory," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zoller, P.

L. -M. Duan, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Three-dimensional theory for interaction between atomic ensembles and free-space light," Phys. Rev. A 66, 023818 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics," Nature 414, 413-418 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Quantum repeaters: the role of imperfect local operations in quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 005932 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

P. Grangier, G. Roger, and A. Aspect, "Experimental evidence for a photon anticorrelation effect on a beam splitter - A new light on single-photon interferences," Europhys. Lett. 1, 173-179 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Nature (6)

T. Chanelière, D. N. Matsukevich, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Storage and retrieval of single photons transmitted between remote quantum memories," Nature 438, 833-836 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Eisaman, A. André, F. Massou, M. Fleischhauer, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Electromagnetically induced transparency with tunable single-photon pulses," Nature 438, 837-841 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L.-M. Duan, M. D. Lukin, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Long-distance quantum communication with atomic ensembles and linear optics," Nature 414, 413-418 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kuzmich, W. P. Bowen, A. D. Boozer, A. Boca, C. W. Chou, L.-M. Duan, and H. J. Kimble, "Generation of nonclassical photon pairs for scalable quantum communication with atomic ensembles," Nature 423, 731-734 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, D. Felinto, S. V. Polyakov, S. J. van Enk, and H. J. Kimble, "Measurementinduced entanglement for excitation stored in remote atomic ensembles," Nature 438, 828-832 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Knill, R. Laflamme, and G. J. Milburn, "A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics," Nature 409, 46-52 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzili, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, "High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength," New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (3)

A. B. U’Ren, C. Silberhorn, J. L. Ball, K. Banaszek, and I. A. Walmsley, "Characterization of the nonclassical nature of conditionally prepared single photons," Phys. Rev. A 72, 21802(R) (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Felinto, C. W. Chou, H. de Riedmatten, S. V. Polyakov, and H. J. Kimble, "Control of decoherence in the generation of photon pairs from atomic ensembles," Phys. Rev. A 72, 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. -M. Duan, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Three-dimensional theory for interaction between atomic ensembles and free-space light," Phys. Rev. A 66, 023818 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (8)

M. D. Eisaman, L. Childress, A. André, F. Massou, A. S. Zibrov, and M. D. Lukin, "Shaping quantum pulses of light via coherent atomic memory," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233602 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Balic, D. A. Braje, P. Kolchin, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of paired photons with controllable waveforms," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 183601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chanelière,M. Bhattacharya, S.-Y. Lan, S. D. Jenkins, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of a photon and a collective atomic excitation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 040405 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Matsukevich, T. Chanelière, S. D. Jenkins, S.-Y. Lan, T. A. B. Kennedy, and A. Kuzmich, "Entanglement of remote atomic qubits," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 030405 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chou, S. V. Polyakov, A. Kuzmich, and H. J. Kimble, "Single-photon generation from stored excitation in an atomic ensemble," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 213601 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. T. Black, J. K. Thompson, and V. Vuletic¸, "On-demand superradiant conversion of atomic spin gratings into single photons with high efficiency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 133601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. K. Hong and L. Mandel, "Experimental realization of a localized one-photon state," Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 58-60 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.-J. Briegel, W. Dür, J. I. Cirac, and P. Zoller, "Quantum repeaters: the role of imperfect local operations in quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 005932 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

A. André, "Nonclassical states of light and atomic ensembles: generation and new applications," Thesis, Harvard University (2005).

D. Bouwmeester, A. Ekert, and A. Zeilinger, The Physics of Quantum Information, (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 2001)

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup. PBS stands for polarizing beam splitter, H and V respectively for horizontal and vertical polarization. The Filter stage for field 1 corresponds to a paraffin-coated vapor cell (see text for details). The inset illustrates the relevant atomic level scheme.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Characterization of the system as a function of the probability p 1 to detect a photon from field 1. The frames give respectively the normalized intensity cross-correlation function g 12 between fields 1 and 2, the conditional retrieval efficiency qc , and p 12, which is the probability to detect a pair of photons, one in each field. The parameter qc is obtained from the measured conditional probability pc to detect field 2 once an event in field 1 has been recorded by the relation pc = ηqc . The two points with lowest p 1 were obtained without trapping light (just repumper) between trials, in order to reduce the noise level. All error bars are smaller than the symbol size. The solid lines are from the simplified model of Ref. [15], with one set of parameters for all plots. The triangle indicates the experimental conditions for the entanglement measurement reported in Ref. [9].

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Suppression of the two-photon component of field 2 conditioned on the detection events in field 1, measured by the w parameter, as a function of g 12. The lowest value obtained is 0.007±0.003. All points in this plot were obtained without trapping light between trials. The full curve is from a fit based on the simplified model of Ref. [15], with the same parameters as in Fig. 2.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

w = p 1 p 1 , 2 a , 2 b ( p 1,2 a ) ( p 1,2 b ) ,

Metrics