Abstract

High-power, quasi-continuous wave blue laser output is obtained by intracavity frequency-tripling of a 1.319 µm Nd:YAG laser with two LiB3O5 crystals. The conversion efficiency and the stability of the blue laser output power at 439.7 nm were both improved through the suppression of 1.338 µm operation by means of a thin YAG etalon. 7.6 W average power at 439.7 nm was demonstrated at 5 kHz with pulse width of 170±10 ns (FWHM). The beam quality factor M2 is 12±2 in both horizontal and vertical directions. The long-term stability of the blue light is better than 1% at an output of 6 W for 200 operation hours.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. T. Y. Fan and R. Byer, "Continuous-wave operation of a room-temperature, diode-laser-pumped, 946-nm Nd:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 12, 809-811 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. V. Pruneri, R. Koch, P. G. Kazansky, W. A. Clarkson, P. St. Russell, and D. C. Hanna, "49 mW of cw blue light generated by first-order quasi-phase-matched frequency doubling of a diode-pumped 946-nm Nd:YAG laser," Opt.Lett. 19, 2375-2377 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Czeranowsky, et al, "Continous wave diode pumped intracavity doubled Nd:GdVO4 laser with 840 mW output power at 456 nm,"Opt.Commun. 205, 361-365 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Czeranowsky, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, "All-solid-state continuous-wave frequency-doubled Nd:YAG BiBO laser with 2.8-W output power at 473 nm," Opt. Lett. 28, 432-434 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. F. Brunner, and E. Innerhofer, "Powerful red-green-blue laser source pumped with a mode-locked thin disk laser," Opt. Lett. 16, 1921-1923 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. Ruffing, A. Nebel, and R. Wallenstein, "High-power picosecond LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillators tunable in the blue spectral range," Appl. Phys. B. 72, 137-149 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Nebel and R. E. Wallenstein, "Concepts and performance of solid state RGB laser sources for large-frame laser projection displays," in Projection Displays 2000: Sixth in a Series, M. H. Wu, ed., Proc. SPIE 3954, 163-166 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Lee and P. F. Moulton, "A compact OPO-based RGB source," in Projection Displays VII, M. H. Wu, ed., Proc. SPIE 4294, 60-66 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. Lee, P. F. Moulton, R. Bergstedt, and G. W. Flint, "OPO-based compact laser projection display," in Cockpit Displays VII: Displays for Defense Applications, D. G. Hopper, eds., Proc. SPIE 4362, 203-212 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  10. X. Mu and Y. J. Ding, "Efficient third-harmonic generation in partly periodically poled KTiOPO4 crystal," Opt. Lett. 26, 623-625 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. Krennrich and R. Wallenstein, "Powerful red and blue laser radiation generated by frequency doubling and tripling the output of a mode locked 1342 nm Nd: YVO4-laser in pp-KTP," CLEO 2002, 167 (2002)
  12. Z. Sun, R. Li, and Y. Bi, "Generation of 4.3 W coherent blue light by frequency-tripling of a side-pumped Nd:YAG laser in LBO crystals," Opt. Express 12, 6428-6433 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. W. Koechner, Solid-state laser engineering (5th ed, Berlin, Springer, 1999).
  14. P. Laporta. "Design criteria for mode size optimization in diode-pumped solid-state lasers," IEEE J.Quantum Electron. 27, 2319-2326 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. A. Kaminskii, Laser Crystals, 2nd ed, (Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 1990).

2004 (2)

2003 (1)

2002 (2)

C. Czeranowsky, et al, "Continous wave diode pumped intracavity doubled Nd:GdVO4 laser with 840 mW output power at 456 nm,"Opt.Commun. 205, 361-365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Krennrich and R. Wallenstein, "Powerful red and blue laser radiation generated by frequency doubling and tripling the output of a mode locked 1342 nm Nd: YVO4-laser in pp-KTP," CLEO 2002, 167 (2002)

2001 (2)

B. Ruffing, A. Nebel, and R. Wallenstein, "High-power picosecond LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillators tunable in the blue spectral range," Appl. Phys. B. 72, 137-149 (2001).
[CrossRef]

X. Mu and Y. J. Ding, "Efficient third-harmonic generation in partly periodically poled KTiOPO4 crystal," Opt. Lett. 26, 623-625 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

V. Pruneri, R. Koch, P. G. Kazansky, W. A. Clarkson, P. St. Russell, and D. C. Hanna, "49 mW of cw blue light generated by first-order quasi-phase-matched frequency doubling of a diode-pumped 946-nm Nd:YAG laser," Opt.Lett. 19, 2375-2377 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

P. Laporta. "Design criteria for mode size optimization in diode-pumped solid-state lasers," IEEE J.Quantum Electron. 27, 2319-2326 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

Bi, Y.

Brunner, F.

Byer, R.

Clarkson, W. A.

V. Pruneri, R. Koch, P. G. Kazansky, W. A. Clarkson, P. St. Russell, and D. C. Hanna, "49 mW of cw blue light generated by first-order quasi-phase-matched frequency doubling of a diode-pumped 946-nm Nd:YAG laser," Opt.Lett. 19, 2375-2377 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Czeranowsky, C.

C. Czeranowsky, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, "All-solid-state continuous-wave frequency-doubled Nd:YAG BiBO laser with 2.8-W output power at 473 nm," Opt. Lett. 28, 432-434 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Czeranowsky, et al, "Continous wave diode pumped intracavity doubled Nd:GdVO4 laser with 840 mW output power at 456 nm,"Opt.Commun. 205, 361-365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ding, Y. J.

Fan, T. Y.

Hanna, D. C.

V. Pruneri, R. Koch, P. G. Kazansky, W. A. Clarkson, P. St. Russell, and D. C. Hanna, "49 mW of cw blue light generated by first-order quasi-phase-matched frequency doubling of a diode-pumped 946-nm Nd:YAG laser," Opt.Lett. 19, 2375-2377 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Heumann, E.

Huber, G.

Innerhofer, E.

Kazansky, P. G.

V. Pruneri, R. Koch, P. G. Kazansky, W. A. Clarkson, P. St. Russell, and D. C. Hanna, "49 mW of cw blue light generated by first-order quasi-phase-matched frequency doubling of a diode-pumped 946-nm Nd:YAG laser," Opt.Lett. 19, 2375-2377 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Koch, R.

V. Pruneri, R. Koch, P. G. Kazansky, W. A. Clarkson, P. St. Russell, and D. C. Hanna, "49 mW of cw blue light generated by first-order quasi-phase-matched frequency doubling of a diode-pumped 946-nm Nd:YAG laser," Opt.Lett. 19, 2375-2377 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Krennrich, D.

D. Krennrich and R. Wallenstein, "Powerful red and blue laser radiation generated by frequency doubling and tripling the output of a mode locked 1342 nm Nd: YVO4-laser in pp-KTP," CLEO 2002, 167 (2002)

Laporta, P.

P. Laporta. "Design criteria for mode size optimization in diode-pumped solid-state lasers," IEEE J.Quantum Electron. 27, 2319-2326 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Li, R.

Mu, X.

Nebel, A.

B. Ruffing, A. Nebel, and R. Wallenstein, "High-power picosecond LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillators tunable in the blue spectral range," Appl. Phys. B. 72, 137-149 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pruneri, V.

V. Pruneri, R. Koch, P. G. Kazansky, W. A. Clarkson, P. St. Russell, and D. C. Hanna, "49 mW of cw blue light generated by first-order quasi-phase-matched frequency doubling of a diode-pumped 946-nm Nd:YAG laser," Opt.Lett. 19, 2375-2377 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ruffing, B.

B. Ruffing, A. Nebel, and R. Wallenstein, "High-power picosecond LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillators tunable in the blue spectral range," Appl. Phys. B. 72, 137-149 (2001).
[CrossRef]

St. Russell, P.

V. Pruneri, R. Koch, P. G. Kazansky, W. A. Clarkson, P. St. Russell, and D. C. Hanna, "49 mW of cw blue light generated by first-order quasi-phase-matched frequency doubling of a diode-pumped 946-nm Nd:YAG laser," Opt.Lett. 19, 2375-2377 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Z.

Wallenstein, R.

D. Krennrich and R. Wallenstein, "Powerful red and blue laser radiation generated by frequency doubling and tripling the output of a mode locked 1342 nm Nd: YVO4-laser in pp-KTP," CLEO 2002, 167 (2002)

B. Ruffing, A. Nebel, and R. Wallenstein, "High-power picosecond LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillators tunable in the blue spectral range," Appl. Phys. B. 72, 137-149 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B. (1)

B. Ruffing, A. Nebel, and R. Wallenstein, "High-power picosecond LiB3O5 optical parametric oscillators tunable in the blue spectral range," Appl. Phys. B. 72, 137-149 (2001).
[CrossRef]

CLEO (1)

D. Krennrich and R. Wallenstein, "Powerful red and blue laser radiation generated by frequency doubling and tripling the output of a mode locked 1342 nm Nd: YVO4-laser in pp-KTP," CLEO 2002, 167 (2002)

IEEE J.Quantum Electron. (1)

P. Laporta. "Design criteria for mode size optimization in diode-pumped solid-state lasers," IEEE J.Quantum Electron. 27, 2319-2326 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt.Commun. (1)

C. Czeranowsky, et al, "Continous wave diode pumped intracavity doubled Nd:GdVO4 laser with 840 mW output power at 456 nm,"Opt.Commun. 205, 361-365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt.Lett. (1)

V. Pruneri, R. Koch, P. G. Kazansky, W. A. Clarkson, P. St. Russell, and D. C. Hanna, "49 mW of cw blue light generated by first-order quasi-phase-matched frequency doubling of a diode-pumped 946-nm Nd:YAG laser," Opt.Lett. 19, 2375-2377 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

A. Nebel and R. E. Wallenstein, "Concepts and performance of solid state RGB laser sources for large-frame laser projection displays," in Projection Displays 2000: Sixth in a Series, M. H. Wu, ed., Proc. SPIE 3954, 163-166 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Lee and P. F. Moulton, "A compact OPO-based RGB source," in Projection Displays VII, M. H. Wu, ed., Proc. SPIE 4294, 60-66 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Lee, P. F. Moulton, R. Bergstedt, and G. W. Flint, "OPO-based compact laser projection display," in Cockpit Displays VII: Displays for Defense Applications, D. G. Hopper, eds., Proc. SPIE 4362, 203-212 (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. Koechner, Solid-state laser engineering (5th ed, Berlin, Springer, 1999).

A. A. Kaminskii, Laser Crystals, 2nd ed, (Berlin, Springer-Verlag, 1990).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The schematic drawings of the experimental arrangement: M1, plane cavity mirror; M2,M3,M4, concave mirrors; AO-QS, acousto-optic Q switch; Rotator, 90° polarization rotator, P, Brewster plate; SHG-LBO, for second harmonic generation; THG-LBO, for frequency tripling

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The spectrum of the fundamental laser under low output power. Above threshold pump power, the lights at 1319 nm are almost the same performance with 1.338 µm

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The spectrum of the red laser under lower pumping power. The lights at 664 and 669 nm are not ignorable than the one at 659.5 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The single spectrum of the red laser at 659.5 nm was obtain under high pumping power

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured laser output power at 439.7nm for high power Operation.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Stability of the blue light power at output power of 6 W, the stability is less than 1.0%.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Far-field intensity distribution of the blue beam: the M2 value measured by Spiricon beam analyzer is 12±2 in both horizontal and vertical directions.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. cross frequency tripling of 1.3µm of Nd:YAG

Metrics