Abstract

Fiber-based high-speed polarization-sensitive Fourier domain optical coherence tomography (PS-FD-OCT) is developed at 840 nm wavelengh using polarization modulation method. The incident state of polarization is modulated along B-scan. The spectrometer has a polarizing beamsplitter and two line-CCD cameras operated at a line rate of 27.7 kHz. From the 0th and 1st orders of the spatial frequencies along the B-scanning, a depth-resolved Jones matrix can be derived. Since continuous polarization modulation along B-scan causes fringe washout, equivalent discrete polarization modulation is applied to biological measurements. For the demonstration, an in vitro chicken breast muscle, an in vivo finger pad, and an in vivo caries lesion of a human tooth are measured. Three dimensional phase retardation images show the potentials for applying the system to biological and medical studies.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  51. M. C. Pierce, J. Strasswimmer, B. H. Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, "Birefringence measurements in human skin using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 287-291 (2004).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

2005 (9)

N. J. Kemp, J. Park, H. N. Zaatari, H. G. Rylander, and T. E. Milner, "High-sensitivity determination of birefringence in turbid media with enhanced polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 552-560 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, L. Otis, D. Piao, and Q. Zhu, "Characterization of dentin, enamel, and carious lesions by a polarizationsensitive optical coherence tomography system," Appl. Opt. 44, 2041-2048 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, S. H. Yun, M. Mujat, G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, and J. F. de Boer, "Realtime fiber-based multi-functional spectral-domain optical coherence tomography at 1.3 μm," Opt. Express 13, 3931-3944 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Jiao, M. Todorovi´c, G. Stoica, and L. V. Wang, "Fiber-based polarization-sensitive Mueller matrix optical coherence tomography with continuous source polarization modulation," Appl. Opt. 44, 5463-5467 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Pierce, M. Shishkov, B. H. Park, N. A. Nassif, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, and J. F. de Boer, "Effects of sample arm motion in endoscopic polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Express 13, 5739-5749 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, "Optic axis determination accuracy for fiber-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 30, 2587-2589 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Makita, Y. Yasuno, T. Endo, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, "Polarization contrast imaging of biological tissues by polarization-sensitive Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography," Appl. Opt. 45, 1142-1147 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, M. Mujat, C. Joo, T. Akkin, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, A. Yun, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, and J. F. de Boer, "Spectral-domain polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography at 850 nm," Proc. Of SPIE 5690, 159-162 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. Götzinger, M. Pircher, and C. K. Hitzenberger, "High speed spectral domain polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography of the human retina," Opt. Express 13, 10,217-10,229 (2005).

2004 (15)

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, and J. F. de Boer, "Thickness and birefringence of healthy retinal nerve fiber layer tissue measured with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 45, 2606-2612 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, and J. F. de Boer, "In vivo birefringence and thickness measurements of the human retinal nerve fiber layer using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 121-125 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Pierce, J. Strasswimmer, B. H. Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, "Advances in optical coherence tomography imaging for dermatology," J. Invest. Dermatol. 123, 458-463 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Srinivas, J. F. de Boer, H. Park, K. Keikhanzadeh, H. L. Huang, J. Zhang, W. Q. Jung, Z. Chen, and J. S. Nelson, "Determination of burn depth by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 207-212 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pircher, E. Goetzinger, R. Leitgeb, and C. K. Hitzenberger, "Transversal phase resolved polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 1257-1263 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Götzinger, M. Pircher, M. Sticker, A. F. Fercher, and C. K. Hitzenberger, "Measurement and imaging of birefringent properties of the human cornea with phase-resolved, polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 94-102 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yasuno, S. Makita, T. Endo, M. Itoh, T. Yatagai, M. Takahashi, C. Katada, and M. Mutoh, "Polarizationsensitive complex Fourier domain optical coherence tomography for Jones matrix imaging of biological samples," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3023-3025 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pierce, J. Strasswimmer, B. H. Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, "Birefringence measurements in human skin using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 287-291 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Wojtkowski, V. J. Srinivasan, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, A. Kowalczyk, and J. S. Duker, "Ultrahigh-resolution, high-speed, Fourier domain optical coherence tomography and methods for dispersion compensation," Opt. Express 12, 2404-2422 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, "Motion artifacts in optical coherence tomography with frequency-domain ranging," Opt. Express 12, 2977-2998 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pircher, E. Goetzinger, R. Leitgeb, and C. K. Hitzenberger, "Three dimensional polarization sensitive OCT of human skin in vivo," Opt. Express 12, 3236-3244 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Guo, J. Zhang, L. Wang, J. S. Nelson, and Z. Chen, "Depth-resolved birefringence and differential optical axis orientation measurements with fiber-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 29, 2025-2027 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Todorovi´c, S. Jiao, L. V. Wang, and G. Stoica, "Determination of local polarization properties of biological samples in the presence of diattenuation by use of Mueller optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 29, 2402- 2404 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, "Jones matrix analysis for a polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography system using fiber-optic components," Opt. Lett. 29, 2512-2514 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang,W. Jung, J. S. Nelson, and Z. Chen, "Full range polarization-sensitive Fourier domain optical coherence tomography," Opt. Express 12, 6033-6039 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (5)

2002 (5)

S. Jiao and L. V. Wang, "Two-dimensional depth-resolved Mueller matrix of biological tissue measured with double-beam polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 27, 101-103 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yasuno, S. Makita, Y. Sutoh, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, "Birefringence imaging of human skin by polarizationsensitive spectral interferometric optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 27, 1803-1805 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. F. de Boer and T. E. Milner, "Review of polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography and Stokes vector determination," J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 359-371 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Jiao and L. V. Wang, "Jones-matrix imaging of biological tissues with quadruple-channel optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 350-358 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Fried, J. Xie, S. Shafi, J. D. B. Featherstone, T. M. Breunig, and C. Le, "Imaging caries lesions and lesion progression with polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 618-627 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

2000 (3)

1999 (4)

1998 (2)

1997 (1)

1992 (1)

1991 (1)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1969 (1)

S. N. Jasperson, and S. E. Schnatterly, "An improved method for high reflectivity ellipsometry based on a new polarization modulation technique," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 40, 761-767 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Akkin, T.

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, M. Mujat, C. Joo, T. Akkin, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, A. Yun, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, and J. F. de Boer, "Spectral-domain polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography at 850 nm," Proc. Of SPIE 5690, 159-162 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Baumgartner, A.

A. Baumgartner, S. Dichtl, C. K. Hitzenberger, H. Sattmann, B. Robl, A. Moritz, A. F. Fercher, and W. Sperr, "Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography of dental structures," Caries Res. 34, 59-69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Boppart, M. D.

Boppart, S. A.

Bouma, B. E.

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, M. Mujat, C. Joo, T. Akkin, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, A. Yun, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, and J. F. de Boer, "Spectral-domain polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography at 850 nm," Proc. Of SPIE 5690, 159-162 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, S. H. Yun, M. Mujat, G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, and J. F. de Boer, "Realtime fiber-based multi-functional spectral-domain optical coherence tomography at 1.3 μm," Opt. Express 13, 3931-3944 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Pierce, M. Shishkov, B. H. Park, N. A. Nassif, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, and J. F. de Boer, "Effects of sample arm motion in endoscopic polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Express 13, 5739-5749 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, "Motion artifacts in optical coherence tomography with frequency-domain ranging," Opt. Express 12, 2977-2998 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. R. White, M. C. Pierce, N. Nassif, B. Cense, B. H. Park, G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, T. C. Chen, and J. F. de Boer, "In vivo dynamic human retinal blood flow imaging using ultra-high-speed spectral domain optical Doppler tomography," Opt. Express 11, 3490-3497 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. de Boer, B. Cense, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, "Improved signal-to-noise ratio in spectral-domain compared with time-domain optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 28, 2067-2069 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Breunig, T. M.

D. Fried, J. Xie, S. Shafi, J. D. B. Featherstone, T. M. Breunig, and C. Le, "Imaging caries lesions and lesion progression with polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 618-627 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cense, B.

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, M. Mujat, C. Joo, T. Akkin, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, A. Yun, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, and J. F. de Boer, "Spectral-domain polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography at 850 nm," Proc. Of SPIE 5690, 159-162 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, "Optic axis determination accuracy for fiber-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 30, 2587-2589 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, S. H. Yun, M. Mujat, G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, and J. F. de Boer, "Realtime fiber-based multi-functional spectral-domain optical coherence tomography at 1.3 μm," Opt. Express 13, 3931-3944 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Pierce, J. Strasswimmer, B. H. Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, "Advances in optical coherence tomography imaging for dermatology," J. Invest. Dermatol. 123, 458-463 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, and J. F. de Boer, "In vivo birefringence and thickness measurements of the human retinal nerve fiber layer using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 121-125 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, and J. F. de Boer, "Thickness and birefringence of healthy retinal nerve fiber layer tissue measured with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 45, 2606-2612 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Pierce, J. Strasswimmer, B. H. Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, "Birefringence measurements in human skin using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 287-291 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, "Jones matrix analysis for a polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography system using fiber-optic components," Opt. Lett. 29, 2512-2514 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. R. White, M. C. Pierce, N. Nassif, B. Cense, B. H. Park, G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, T. C. Chen, and J. F. de Boer, "In vivo dynamic human retinal blood flow imaging using ultra-high-speed spectral domain optical Doppler tomography," Opt. Express 11, 3490-3497 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. de Boer, B. Cense, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, "Improved signal-to-noise ratio in spectral-domain compared with time-domain optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 28, 2067-2069 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chaney, E.

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chao, L. C.

M. G. Ducros, J. F. de Boer, H. Huang, L. C. Chao, Z. Chen, J. S. Nelson, T. E. Milner, and I. H. G. Rylander, III, "Polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography of the rabbit eye," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1159-1167 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, T. C.

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, M. Mujat, C. Joo, T. Akkin, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, A. Yun, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, and J. F. de Boer, "Spectral-domain polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography at 850 nm," Proc. Of SPIE 5690, 159-162 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, and J. F. de Boer, "Thickness and birefringence of healthy retinal nerve fiber layer tissue measured with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 45, 2606-2612 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, and J. F. de Boer, "In vivo birefringence and thickness measurements of the human retinal nerve fiber layer using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 121-125 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. R. White, M. C. Pierce, N. Nassif, B. Cense, B. H. Park, G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, T. C. Chen, and J. F. de Boer, "In vivo dynamic human retinal blood flow imaging using ultra-high-speed spectral domain optical Doppler tomography," Opt. Express 11, 3490-3497 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

Chen, Z.

Colston, J. B.W.

Da Silva, L. B.

Darling, C. L.

R. S. Jones, C. L. Darling, J. D. B. Featherstone, and D. Fried, "Remineralization of in vitro dental caries assessed with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt 11, 014016 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Boer, J. F.

B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, S. H. Yun, M. Mujat, G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, and J. F. de Boer, "Realtime fiber-based multi-functional spectral-domain optical coherence tomography at 1.3 μm," Opt. Express 13, 3931-3944 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Pierce, M. Shishkov, B. H. Park, N. A. Nassif, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, and J. F. de Boer, "Effects of sample arm motion in endoscopic polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Express 13, 5739-5749 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, M. Mujat, C. Joo, T. Akkin, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, A. Yun, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, and J. F. de Boer, "Spectral-domain polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography at 850 nm," Proc. Of SPIE 5690, 159-162 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, "Optic axis determination accuracy for fiber-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 30, 2587-2589 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, "Jones matrix analysis for a polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography system using fiber-optic components," Opt. Lett. 29, 2512-2514 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, "Motion artifacts in optical coherence tomography with frequency-domain ranging," Opt. Express 12, 2977-2998 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Srinivas, J. F. de Boer, H. Park, K. Keikhanzadeh, H. L. Huang, J. Zhang, W. Q. Jung, Z. Chen, and J. S. Nelson, "Determination of burn depth by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 207-212 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, and J. F. de Boer, "Thickness and birefringence of healthy retinal nerve fiber layer tissue measured with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 45, 2606-2612 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Pierce, J. Strasswimmer, B. H. Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, "Birefringence measurements in human skin using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 287-291 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, and J. F. de Boer, "In vivo birefringence and thickness measurements of the human retinal nerve fiber layer using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 121-125 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Pierce, J. Strasswimmer, B. H. Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, "Advances in optical coherence tomography imaging for dermatology," J. Invest. Dermatol. 123, 458-463 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. de Boer, B. Cense, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, "Improved signal-to-noise ratio in spectral-domain compared with time-domain optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 28, 2067-2069 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. R. White, M. C. Pierce, N. Nassif, B. Cense, B. H. Park, G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, T. C. Chen, and J. F. de Boer, "In vivo dynamic human retinal blood flow imaging using ultra-high-speed spectral domain optical Doppler tomography," Opt. Express 11, 3490-3497 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. de Boer and T. E. Milner, "Review of polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography and Stokes vector determination," J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 359-371 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. H. Park, C. Saxer, S. M. Srinivas, J. S. Nelson, and J. F. de Boer, "In vivo burn depth determination by highspeed fiber-based polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 6, 474-479 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. E. Saxer, J. F. de Boer, B. H. Park, Y. Zhao, Z. Chen, and J. S. Nelson, "High-speed fiber-based polarzationsensitive optical coherence tomography of in vivo human skin," Opt. Lett. 25, 1355-1357 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Ducros, J. F. de Boer, H. Huang, L. C. Chao, Z. Chen, J. S. Nelson, T. E. Milner, and I. H. G. Rylander, III, "Polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography of the rabbit eye," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1159-1167 (1999).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, T. E. Milner, J. F. de Boer, Y. Zhang, D. H. Pashley, and J. S. Nelson, "Characterization of dentin and enamel by use of optical coherence tomography," Appl. Opt. 38, 2092-2096 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. F. de Boer, T. E. Milner, and J. S. Nelson, "Determination of the depth-resolved Stokes parameters of light backscattered from turbid media by use of polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 24, 300-302 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. F. de Boer, S. M. Srinivas, A. Malekafzali, Z. Chen, and J. S. Nelson, "Imaging thermally damaged tissue by polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Express 3, 212-218 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. de Boer, T. E. Milner, M. J. C. van Gemert, and J. S. Nelson, "Two-dimensional birefringence imaging in biological tissue by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 22, 934-936 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dichtl, S.

A. Baumgartner, S. Dichtl, C. K. Hitzenberger, H. Sattmann, B. Robl, A. Moritz, A. F. Fercher, and W. Sperr, "Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography of dental structures," Caries Res. 34, 59-69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ducros, M. G.

M. G. Ducros, J. D. Marsack, H. G. RylanderIII, S. L. Thomsen, and T. E. Milner, "Primate retina imaging with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 2945-2956 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Ducros, J. F. de Boer, H. Huang, L. C. Chao, Z. Chen, J. S. Nelson, T. E. Milner, and I. H. G. Rylander, III, "Polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography of the rabbit eye," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1159-1167 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Duker, J. S.

Endo, T.

S. Makita, Y. Yasuno, T. Endo, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, "Polarization contrast imaging of biological tissues by polarization-sensitive Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography," Appl. Opt. 45, 1142-1147 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yasuno, S. Makita, T. Endo, M. Itoh, T. Yatagai, M. Takahashi, C. Katada, and M. Mutoh, "Polarizationsensitive complex Fourier domain optical coherence tomography for Jones matrix imaging of biological samples," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3023-3025 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Featherstone, J. D. B.

R. S. Jones, C. L. Darling, J. D. B. Featherstone, and D. Fried, "Remineralization of in vitro dental caries assessed with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt 11, 014016 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Fried, J. Xie, S. Shafi, J. D. B. Featherstone, T. M. Breunig, and C. Le, "Imaging caries lesions and lesion progression with polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 618-627 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fercher, A. F.

E. Götzinger, M. Pircher, M. Sticker, A. F. Fercher, and C. K. Hitzenberger, "Measurement and imaging of birefringent properties of the human cornea with phase-resolved, polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 94-102 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Leitgeb, C. K. Hitzenberger, and A. F. Fercher, "Performance of fourier domain vs. time domain optical coherence tomography," Opt. Express 11, 889-894 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baumgartner, S. Dichtl, C. K. Hitzenberger, H. Sattmann, B. Robl, A. Moritz, A. F. Fercher, and W. Sperr, "Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography of dental structures," Caries Res. 34, 59-69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Flotte, T.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fried, D.

R. S. Jones, C. L. Darling, J. D. B. Featherstone, and D. Fried, "Remineralization of in vitro dental caries assessed with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt 11, 014016 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Fried, J. Xie, S. Shafi, J. D. B. Featherstone, T. M. Breunig, and C. Le, "Imaging caries lesions and lesion progression with polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 618-627 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Goetzinger, E.

M. Pircher, E. Goetzinger, R. Leitgeb, and C. K. Hitzenberger, "Three dimensional polarization sensitive OCT of human skin in vivo," Opt. Express 12, 3236-3244 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pircher, E. Goetzinger, R. Leitgeb, and C. K. Hitzenberger, "Transversal phase resolved polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 1257-1263 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Götzinger, E.

E. Götzinger, M. Pircher, and C. K. Hitzenberger, "High speed spectral domain polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography of the human retina," Opt. Express 13, 10,217-10,229 (2005).

E. Götzinger, M. Pircher, M. Sticker, A. F. Fercher, and C. K. Hitzenberger, "Measurement and imaging of birefringent properties of the human cornea with phase-resolved, polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 94-102 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gregory, K.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guo, S.

Hee, M. R.

M. R. Hee, D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Polarization-sensitive low-coherence reflectometer for birefringence characterization and ranging," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 903-908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hitzenberger, C. K.

E. Götzinger, M. Pircher, and C. K. Hitzenberger, "High speed spectral domain polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography of the human retina," Opt. Express 13, 10,217-10,229 (2005).

M. Pircher, E. Goetzinger, R. Leitgeb, and C. K. Hitzenberger, "Transversal phase resolved polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 1257-1263 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pircher, E. Goetzinger, R. Leitgeb, and C. K. Hitzenberger, "Three dimensional polarization sensitive OCT of human skin in vivo," Opt. Express 12, 3236-3244 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Götzinger, M. Pircher, M. Sticker, A. F. Fercher, and C. K. Hitzenberger, "Measurement and imaging of birefringent properties of the human cornea with phase-resolved, polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 94-102 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Leitgeb, C. K. Hitzenberger, and A. F. Fercher, "Performance of fourier domain vs. time domain optical coherence tomography," Opt. Express 11, 889-894 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. K. Hitzenberger, E. G¨otzinger, M. Sticker, M. Pircher, and A. F. Fercher, "Measurement and imaging of birefringence and optic axis orientation by phase resolved polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Express 9, 780-790 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baumgartner, S. Dichtl, C. K. Hitzenberger, H. Sattmann, B. Robl, A. Moritz, A. F. Fercher, and W. Sperr, "Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography of dental structures," Caries Res. 34, 59-69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Huang, D.

M. R. Hee, D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Polarization-sensitive low-coherence reflectometer for birefringence characterization and ranging," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 903-908 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, H.

M. G. Ducros, J. F. de Boer, H. Huang, L. C. Chao, Z. Chen, J. S. Nelson, T. E. Milner, and I. H. G. Rylander, III, "Polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography of the rabbit eye," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1159-1167 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Huang, H. L.

S. M. Srinivas, J. F. de Boer, H. Park, K. Keikhanzadeh, H. L. Huang, J. Zhang, W. Q. Jung, Z. Chen, and J. S. Nelson, "Determination of burn depth by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 207-212 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Itoh, M.

Jasperson, S. N.

S. N. Jasperson, and S. E. Schnatterly, "An improved method for high reflectivity ellipsometry based on a new polarization modulation technique," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 40, 761-767 (1969).
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Jiao, S.

S. Jiao, M. Todorovi´c, G. Stoica, and L. V. Wang, "Fiber-based polarization-sensitive Mueller matrix optical coherence tomography with continuous source polarization modulation," Appl. Opt. 44, 5463-5467 (2005).
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M. Todorovi´c, S. Jiao, L. V. Wang, and G. Stoica, "Determination of local polarization properties of biological samples in the presence of diattenuation by use of Mueller optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 29, 2402- 2404 (2004).
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S. Jiao, G. S.W. Yu, and L. V. Wang, "Optical-fiber-based Mueller optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 28, 1206-1208 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Jiao,W. Yu, G. Stoica, and L. V. Wang, "Contrast mechanisms in polarization-sensitiveMueller-matrix optical coherence tomography and application in burn imaging," Appl. Opt. 42, 5191-5197 (2003).
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S. Jiao and L. V. Wang, "Jones-matrix imaging of biological tissues with quadruple-channel optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 350-358 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Jiao and L. V. Wang, "Two-dimensional depth-resolved Mueller matrix of biological tissue measured with double-beam polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 27, 101-103 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Jiao, G. Yao, and L. V. Wang, "Depth-resolved two-dimensional Stokes vectors of backscattered light and Mueller matrices of biological tissue measured with optical coherence tomography," Appl. Opt. 39, 6318-6324 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jones, R. S.

R. S. Jones, C. L. Darling, J. D. B. Featherstone, and D. Fried, "Remineralization of in vitro dental caries assessed with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt 11, 014016 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joo, C.

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, M. Mujat, C. Joo, T. Akkin, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, A. Yun, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, and J. F. de Boer, "Spectral-domain polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography at 850 nm," Proc. Of SPIE 5690, 159-162 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jung, W.

Jung, W. Q.

S. M. Srinivas, J. F. de Boer, H. Park, K. Keikhanzadeh, H. L. Huang, J. Zhang, W. Q. Jung, Z. Chen, and J. S. Nelson, "Determination of burn depth by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 207-212 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Katada, C.

Y. Yasuno, S. Makita, T. Endo, M. Itoh, T. Yatagai, M. Takahashi, C. Katada, and M. Mutoh, "Polarizationsensitive complex Fourier domain optical coherence tomography for Jones matrix imaging of biological samples," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3023-3025 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kaufman, S. J.

Keikhanzadeh, K.

S. M. Srinivas, J. F. de Boer, H. Park, K. Keikhanzadeh, H. L. Huang, J. Zhang, W. Q. Jung, Z. Chen, and J. S. Nelson, "Determination of burn depth by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 207-212 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kemp, N. J.

Ko, T. H.

Kowalczyk, A.

Le, C.

D. Fried, J. Xie, S. Shafi, J. D. B. Featherstone, T. M. Breunig, and C. Le, "Imaging caries lesions and lesion progression with polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 618-627 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leitgeb, R.

Lin, C. P.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maitland, D. J.

Makita, S.

Malekafzali, A.

Marsack, J. D.

Milner, T. E.

N. J. Kemp, J. Park, H. N. Zaatari, H. G. Rylander, and T. E. Milner, "High-sensitivity determination of birefringence in turbid media with enhanced polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22, 552-560 (2005).
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J. F. de Boer and T. E. Milner, "Review of polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography and Stokes vector determination," J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 359-371 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. G. Ducros, J. D. Marsack, H. G. RylanderIII, S. L. Thomsen, and T. E. Milner, "Primate retina imaging with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 2945-2956 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. F. de Boer, T. E. Milner, and J. S. Nelson, "Determination of the depth-resolved Stokes parameters of light backscattered from turbid media by use of polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 24, 300-302 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Ducros, J. F. de Boer, H. Huang, L. C. Chao, Z. Chen, J. S. Nelson, T. E. Milner, and I. H. G. Rylander, III, "Polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography of the rabbit eye," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1159-1167 (1999).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, T. E. Milner, J. F. de Boer, Y. Zhang, D. H. Pashley, and J. S. Nelson, "Characterization of dentin and enamel by use of optical coherence tomography," Appl. Opt. 38, 2092-2096 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. F. de Boer, T. E. Milner, M. J. C. van Gemert, and J. S. Nelson, "Two-dimensional birefringence imaging in biological tissue by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 22, 934-936 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moritz, A.

A. Baumgartner, S. Dichtl, C. K. Hitzenberger, H. Sattmann, B. Robl, A. Moritz, A. F. Fercher, and W. Sperr, "Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography of dental structures," Caries Res. 34, 59-69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mujat, M.

B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, S. H. Yun, M. Mujat, G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, and J. F. de Boer, "Realtime fiber-based multi-functional spectral-domain optical coherence tomography at 1.3 μm," Opt. Express 13, 3931-3944 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, M. Mujat, C. Joo, T. Akkin, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, A. Yun, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, and J. F. de Boer, "Spectral-domain polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography at 850 nm," Proc. Of SPIE 5690, 159-162 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mutoh, M.

Y. Yasuno, S. Makita, T. Endo, M. Itoh, T. Yatagai, M. Takahashi, C. Katada, and M. Mutoh, "Polarizationsensitive complex Fourier domain optical coherence tomography for Jones matrix imaging of biological samples," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3023-3025 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nassif, N.

Nassif, N. A.

Nelson, J. S.

J. Zhang,W. Jung, J. S. Nelson, and Z. Chen, "Full range polarization-sensitive Fourier domain optical coherence tomography," Opt. Express 12, 6033-6039 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Guo, J. Zhang, L. Wang, J. S. Nelson, and Z. Chen, "Depth-resolved birefringence and differential optical axis orientation measurements with fiber-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 29, 2025-2027 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Srinivas, J. F. de Boer, H. Park, K. Keikhanzadeh, H. L. Huang, J. Zhang, W. Q. Jung, Z. Chen, and J. S. Nelson, "Determination of burn depth by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 207-212 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. H. Park, C. Saxer, S. M. Srinivas, J. S. Nelson, and J. F. de Boer, "In vivo burn depth determination by highspeed fiber-based polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 6, 474-479 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. E. Saxer, J. F. de Boer, B. H. Park, Y. Zhao, Z. Chen, and J. S. Nelson, "High-speed fiber-based polarzationsensitive optical coherence tomography of in vivo human skin," Opt. Lett. 25, 1355-1357 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Ducros, J. F. de Boer, H. Huang, L. C. Chao, Z. Chen, J. S. Nelson, T. E. Milner, and I. H. G. Rylander, III, "Polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography of the rabbit eye," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1159-1167 (1999).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, T. E. Milner, J. F. de Boer, Y. Zhang, D. H. Pashley, and J. S. Nelson, "Characterization of dentin and enamel by use of optical coherence tomography," Appl. Opt. 38, 2092-2096 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. F. de Boer, T. E. Milner, and J. S. Nelson, "Determination of the depth-resolved Stokes parameters of light backscattered from turbid media by use of polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 24, 300-302 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. F. de Boer, S. M. Srinivas, A. Malekafzali, Z. Chen, and J. S. Nelson, "Imaging thermally damaged tissue by polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Express 3, 212-218 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. de Boer, T. E. Milner, M. J. C. van Gemert, and J. S. Nelson, "Two-dimensional birefringence imaging in biological tissue by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 22, 934-936 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Otis, L.

Park, B. H.

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, M. Mujat, C. Joo, T. Akkin, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, A. Yun, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, and J. F. de Boer, "Spectral-domain polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography at 850 nm," Proc. Of SPIE 5690, 159-162 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, "Optic axis determination accuracy for fiber-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 30, 2587-2589 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Pierce, M. Shishkov, B. H. Park, N. A. Nassif, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, and J. F. de Boer, "Effects of sample arm motion in endoscopic polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Express 13, 5739-5749 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, S. H. Yun, M. Mujat, G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, and J. F. de Boer, "Realtime fiber-based multi-functional spectral-domain optical coherence tomography at 1.3 μm," Opt. Express 13, 3931-3944 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, and J. F. de Boer, "In vivo birefringence and thickness measurements of the human retinal nerve fiber layer using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 121-125 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Pierce, J. Strasswimmer, B. H. Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, "Advances in optical coherence tomography imaging for dermatology," J. Invest. Dermatol. 123, 458-463 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, and J. F. de Boer, "Thickness and birefringence of healthy retinal nerve fiber layer tissue measured with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 45, 2606-2612 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Pierce, J. Strasswimmer, B. H. Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, "Birefringence measurements in human skin using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 287-291 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, "Jones matrix analysis for a polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography system using fiber-optic components," Opt. Lett. 29, 2512-2514 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. R. White, M. C. Pierce, N. Nassif, B. Cense, B. H. Park, G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, T. C. Chen, and J. F. de Boer, "In vivo dynamic human retinal blood flow imaging using ultra-high-speed spectral domain optical Doppler tomography," Opt. Express 11, 3490-3497 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. de Boer, B. Cense, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, "Improved signal-to-noise ratio in spectral-domain compared with time-domain optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 28, 2067-2069 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. H. Park, C. Saxer, S. M. Srinivas, J. S. Nelson, and J. F. de Boer, "In vivo burn depth determination by highspeed fiber-based polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 6, 474-479 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. E. Saxer, J. F. de Boer, B. H. Park, Y. Zhao, Z. Chen, and J. S. Nelson, "High-speed fiber-based polarzationsensitive optical coherence tomography of in vivo human skin," Opt. Lett. 25, 1355-1357 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Park, H.

S. M. Srinivas, J. F. de Boer, H. Park, K. Keikhanzadeh, H. L. Huang, J. Zhang, W. Q. Jung, Z. Chen, and J. S. Nelson, "Determination of burn depth by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 207-212 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, J.

Pashley, D. H.

Pasquesi, J. J.

Piao, D.

Pierce, M. C.

B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, "Optic axis determination accuracy for fiber-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 30, 2587-2589 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, M. Mujat, C. Joo, T. Akkin, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, A. Yun, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, and J. F. de Boer, "Spectral-domain polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography at 850 nm," Proc. Of SPIE 5690, 159-162 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Pierce, M. Shishkov, B. H. Park, N. A. Nassif, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, and J. F. de Boer, "Effects of sample arm motion in endoscopic polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Express 13, 5739-5749 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, S. H. Yun, M. Mujat, G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, and J. F. de Boer, "Realtime fiber-based multi-functional spectral-domain optical coherence tomography at 1.3 μm," Opt. Express 13, 3931-3944 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, and J. F. de Boer, "In vivo birefringence and thickness measurements of the human retinal nerve fiber layer using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 121-125 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Pierce, J. Strasswimmer, B. H. Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, "Advances in optical coherence tomography imaging for dermatology," J. Invest. Dermatol. 123, 458-463 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, and J. F. de Boer, "Thickness and birefringence of healthy retinal nerve fiber layer tissue measured with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 45, 2606-2612 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Pierce, J. Strasswimmer, B. H. Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, "Birefringence measurements in human skin using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 287-291 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, "Jones matrix analysis for a polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography system using fiber-optic components," Opt. Lett. 29, 2512-2514 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. R. White, M. C. Pierce, N. Nassif, B. Cense, B. H. Park, G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, T. C. Chen, and J. F. de Boer, "In vivo dynamic human retinal blood flow imaging using ultra-high-speed spectral domain optical Doppler tomography," Opt. Express 11, 3490-3497 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. de Boer, B. Cense, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, "Improved signal-to-noise ratio in spectral-domain compared with time-domain optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 28, 2067-2069 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pircher, M.

E. Götzinger, M. Pircher, and C. K. Hitzenberger, "High speed spectral domain polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography of the human retina," Opt. Express 13, 10,217-10,229 (2005).

M. Pircher, E. Goetzinger, R. Leitgeb, and C. K. Hitzenberger, "Transversal phase resolved polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 1257-1263 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pircher, E. Goetzinger, R. Leitgeb, and C. K. Hitzenberger, "Three dimensional polarization sensitive OCT of human skin in vivo," Opt. Express 12, 3236-3244 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Götzinger, M. Pircher, M. Sticker, A. F. Fercher, and C. K. Hitzenberger, "Measurement and imaging of birefringent properties of the human cornea with phase-resolved, polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 94-102 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Puliafito, C. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Robl, B.

A. Baumgartner, S. Dichtl, C. K. Hitzenberger, H. Sattmann, B. Robl, A. Moritz, A. F. Fercher, and W. Sperr, "Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography of dental structures," Caries Res. 34, 59-69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rylander, H. G.

Rylander, I. H. G.

M. G. Ducros, J. F. de Boer, H. Huang, L. C. Chao, Z. Chen, J. S. Nelson, T. E. Milner, and I. H. G. Rylander, III, "Polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography of the rabbit eye," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1159-1167 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sattmann, H.

A. Baumgartner, S. Dichtl, C. K. Hitzenberger, H. Sattmann, B. Robl, A. Moritz, A. F. Fercher, and W. Sperr, "Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography of dental structures," Caries Res. 34, 59-69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Saxer, C.

B. H. Park, C. Saxer, S. M. Srinivas, J. S. Nelson, and J. F. de Boer, "In vivo burn depth determination by highspeed fiber-based polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 6, 474-479 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saxer, C. E.

Schlachter, S. C.

Schnatterly, S. E.

S. N. Jasperson, and S. E. Schnatterly, "An improved method for high reflectivity ellipsometry based on a new polarization modulation technique," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 40, 761-767 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Schoenenberger, K.

Schuman, J. S.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shafi, S.

D. Fried, J. Xie, S. Shafi, J. D. B. Featherstone, T. M. Breunig, and C. Le, "Imaging caries lesions and lesion progression with polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 618-627 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shishkov, M.

Sperr, W.

A. Baumgartner, S. Dichtl, C. K. Hitzenberger, H. Sattmann, B. Robl, A. Moritz, A. F. Fercher, and W. Sperr, "Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography of dental structures," Caries Res. 34, 59-69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Srinivas, S. M.

S. M. Srinivas, J. F. de Boer, H. Park, K. Keikhanzadeh, H. L. Huang, J. Zhang, W. Q. Jung, Z. Chen, and J. S. Nelson, "Determination of burn depth by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 207-212 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. H. Park, C. Saxer, S. M. Srinivas, J. S. Nelson, and J. F. de Boer, "In vivo burn depth determination by highspeed fiber-based polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 6, 474-479 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. de Boer, S. M. Srinivas, A. Malekafzali, Z. Chen, and J. S. Nelson, "Imaging thermally damaged tissue by polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Express 3, 212-218 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Srinivasan, V. J.

Sticker, M.

E. Götzinger, M. Pircher, M. Sticker, A. F. Fercher, and C. K. Hitzenberger, "Measurement and imaging of birefringent properties of the human cornea with phase-resolved, polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 94-102 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stinson, W. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stoica, G.

Strasswimmer, J.

M. C. Pierce, J. Strasswimmer, B. H. Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, "Birefringence measurements in human skin using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 287-291 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Pierce, J. Strasswimmer, B. H. Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, "Advances in optical coherence tomography imaging for dermatology," J. Invest. Dermatol. 123, 458-463 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sutoh, Y.

Swanson, E. A.

M. R. Hee, D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Polarization-sensitive low-coherence reflectometer for birefringence characterization and ranging," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 903-908 (1992).
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D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takahashi, M.

Y. Yasuno, S. Makita, T. Endo, M. Itoh, T. Yatagai, M. Takahashi, C. Katada, and M. Mutoh, "Polarizationsensitive complex Fourier domain optical coherence tomography for Jones matrix imaging of biological samples," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3023-3025 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tearney, G. J.

M. C. Pierce, M. Shishkov, B. H. Park, N. A. Nassif, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, and J. F. de Boer, "Effects of sample arm motion in endoscopic polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Express 13, 5739-5749 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, S. H. Yun, M. Mujat, G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, and J. F. de Boer, "Realtime fiber-based multi-functional spectral-domain optical coherence tomography at 1.3 μm," Opt. Express 13, 3931-3944 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, M. Mujat, C. Joo, T. Akkin, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, A. Yun, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, and J. F. de Boer, "Spectral-domain polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography at 850 nm," Proc. Of SPIE 5690, 159-162 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, "Motion artifacts in optical coherence tomography with frequency-domain ranging," Opt. Express 12, 2977-2998 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. R. White, M. C. Pierce, N. Nassif, B. Cense, B. H. Park, G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, T. C. Chen, and J. F. de Boer, "In vivo dynamic human retinal blood flow imaging using ultra-high-speed spectral domain optical Doppler tomography," Opt. Express 11, 3490-3497 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. de Boer, B. Cense, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, "Improved signal-to-noise ratio in spectral-domain compared with time-domain optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 28, 2067-2069 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thomsen, S. L.

Todorovi´c, M.

van Gemert, M. J. C.

Wang, L.

Wang, L. V.

S. Jiao, M. Todorovi´c, G. Stoica, and L. V. Wang, "Fiber-based polarization-sensitive Mueller matrix optical coherence tomography with continuous source polarization modulation," Appl. Opt. 44, 5463-5467 (2005).
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M. Todorovi´c, S. Jiao, L. V. Wang, and G. Stoica, "Determination of local polarization properties of biological samples in the presence of diattenuation by use of Mueller optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 29, 2402- 2404 (2004).
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S. Jiao, G. S.W. Yu, and L. V. Wang, "Optical-fiber-based Mueller optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 28, 1206-1208 (2003).
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S. Jiao,W. Yu, G. Stoica, and L. V. Wang, "Contrast mechanisms in polarization-sensitiveMueller-matrix optical coherence tomography and application in burn imaging," Appl. Opt. 42, 5191-5197 (2003).
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S. Jiao and L. V. Wang, "Jones-matrix imaging of biological tissues with quadruple-channel optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 350-358 (2002).
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S. Jiao and L. V. Wang, "Two-dimensional depth-resolved Mueller matrix of biological tissue measured with double-beam polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 27, 101-103 (2002).
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S. Jiao, G. Yao, and L. V. Wang, "Depth-resolved two-dimensional Stokes vectors of backscattered light and Mueller matrices of biological tissue measured with optical coherence tomography," Appl. Opt. 39, 6318-6324 (2000).
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G. Yao and L. V. Wang, "Two-dimensional depth-resolved Mueller matrix characterization of biological tissue by optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 24, 537-539 (1999).
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Wang, X.

White, B. R.

Wojtkowski, M.

Xie, J.

D. Fried, J. Xie, S. Shafi, J. D. B. Featherstone, T. M. Breunig, and C. Le, "Imaging caries lesions and lesion progression with polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 618-627 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yao, G.

Yasuno, Y.

Yatagai, T.

Yu, G. S.W.

Yu, W.

Yun, A.

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, M. Mujat, C. Joo, T. Akkin, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, A. Yun, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, and J. F. de Boer, "Spectral-domain polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography at 850 nm," Proc. Of SPIE 5690, 159-162 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yun, S. H.

Zaatari, H. N.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, Y.

Zhao, Y.

Zhu, Q.

Appl. Opt. (7)

K. Schoenenberger, J. B.W. Colston, D. J. Maitland, L. B. Da Silva, andM. J. Everett, "Mapping of birefringence and thermal damage in tissue by use of polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Appl. Opt.,  37, 6026-6036 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Jiao,W. Yu, G. Stoica, and L. V. Wang, "Contrast mechanisms in polarization-sensitiveMueller-matrix optical coherence tomography and application in burn imaging," Appl. Opt. 42, 5191-5197 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, L. Otis, D. Piao, and Q. Zhu, "Characterization of dentin, enamel, and carious lesions by a polarizationsensitive optical coherence tomography system," Appl. Opt. 44, 2041-2048 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wang, T. E. Milner, J. F. de Boer, Y. Zhang, D. H. Pashley, and J. S. Nelson, "Characterization of dentin and enamel by use of optical coherence tomography," Appl. Opt. 38, 2092-2096 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Jiao, G. Yao, and L. V. Wang, "Depth-resolved two-dimensional Stokes vectors of backscattered light and Mueller matrices of biological tissue measured with optical coherence tomography," Appl. Opt. 39, 6318-6324 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Makita, Y. Yasuno, T. Endo, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, "Polarization contrast imaging of biological tissues by polarization-sensitive Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography," Appl. Opt. 45, 1142-1147 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Jiao, M. Todorovi´c, G. Stoica, and L. V. Wang, "Fiber-based polarization-sensitive Mueller matrix optical coherence tomography with continuous source polarization modulation," Appl. Opt. 44, 5463-5467 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Yasuno, S. Makita, T. Endo, M. Itoh, T. Yatagai, M. Takahashi, C. Katada, and M. Mutoh, "Polarizationsensitive complex Fourier domain optical coherence tomography for Jones matrix imaging of biological samples," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 3023-3025 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Caries Res. (1)

A. Baumgartner, S. Dichtl, C. K. Hitzenberger, H. Sattmann, B. Robl, A. Moritz, A. F. Fercher, and W. Sperr, "Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography of dental structures," Caries Res. 34, 59-69 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. G. Ducros, J. F. de Boer, H. Huang, L. C. Chao, Z. Chen, J. S. Nelson, T. E. Milner, and I. H. G. Rylander, III, "Polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography of the rabbit eye," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1159-1167 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. (1)

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, and J. F. de Boer, "Thickness and birefringence of healthy retinal nerve fiber layer tissue measured with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 45, 2606-2612 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Biomed. Opt (1)

R. S. Jones, C. L. Darling, J. D. B. Featherstone, and D. Fried, "Remineralization of in vitro dental caries assessed with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt 11, 014016 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Biomed. Opt. (8)

D. Fried, J. Xie, S. Shafi, J. D. B. Featherstone, T. M. Breunig, and C. Le, "Imaging caries lesions and lesion progression with polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 618-627 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. de Boer and T. E. Milner, "Review of polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography and Stokes vector determination," J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 359-371 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, and J. F. de Boer, "In vivo birefringence and thickness measurements of the human retinal nerve fiber layer using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 121-125 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Götzinger, M. Pircher, M. Sticker, A. F. Fercher, and C. K. Hitzenberger, "Measurement and imaging of birefringent properties of the human cornea with phase-resolved, polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 94-102 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. M. Srinivas, J. F. de Boer, H. Park, K. Keikhanzadeh, H. L. Huang, J. Zhang, W. Q. Jung, Z. Chen, and J. S. Nelson, "Determination of burn depth by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 207-212 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. H. Park, C. Saxer, S. M. Srinivas, J. S. Nelson, and J. F. de Boer, "In vivo burn depth determination by highspeed fiber-based polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 6, 474-479 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Jiao and L. V. Wang, "Jones-matrix imaging of biological tissues with quadruple-channel optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 7, 350-358 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Pierce, J. Strasswimmer, B. H. Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, "Birefringence measurements in human skin using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 287-291 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Invest. Dermatol. (1)

M. C. Pierce, J. Strasswimmer, B. H. Park, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, "Advances in optical coherence tomography imaging for dermatology," J. Invest. Dermatol. 123, 458-463 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (12)

J. F. de Boer, S. M. Srinivas, A. Malekafzali, Z. Chen, and J. S. Nelson, "Imaging thermally damaged tissue by polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Express 3, 212-218 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Götzinger, M. Pircher, and C. K. Hitzenberger, "High speed spectral domain polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography of the human retina," Opt. Express 13, 10,217-10,229 (2005).

J. Zhang,W. Jung, J. S. Nelson, and Z. Chen, "Full range polarization-sensitive Fourier domain optical coherence tomography," Opt. Express 12, 6033-6039 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Pierce, M. Shishkov, B. H. Park, N. A. Nassif, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, and J. F. de Boer, "Effects of sample arm motion in endoscopic polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Express 13, 5739-5749 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Pasquesi, S. C. Schlachter, M. D. Boppart, E. Chaney, S. J. Kaufman, and S. A. Boppart, "In vivo detection of exercise-induced ultrastructural changes in genetically-altered murine skeletal muscle using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Express 14, 1547-1556 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. K. Hitzenberger, E. G¨otzinger, M. Sticker, M. Pircher, and A. F. Fercher, "Measurement and imaging of birefringence and optic axis orientation by phase resolved polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Express 9, 780-790 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Leitgeb, C. K. Hitzenberger, and A. F. Fercher, "Performance of fourier domain vs. time domain optical coherence tomography," Opt. Express 11, 889-894 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pircher, E. Goetzinger, R. Leitgeb, and C. K. Hitzenberger, "Three dimensional polarization sensitive OCT of human skin in vivo," Opt. Express 12, 3236-3244 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, "Motion artifacts in optical coherence tomography with frequency-domain ranging," Opt. Express 12, 2977-2998 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. R. White, M. C. Pierce, N. Nassif, B. Cense, B. H. Park, G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, T. C. Chen, and J. F. de Boer, "In vivo dynamic human retinal blood flow imaging using ultra-high-speed spectral domain optical Doppler tomography," Opt. Express 11, 3490-3497 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Wojtkowski, V. J. Srinivasan, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, A. Kowalczyk, and J. S. Duker, "Ultrahigh-resolution, high-speed, Fourier domain optical coherence tomography and methods for dispersion compensation," Opt. Express 12, 2404-2422 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, S. H. Yun, M. Mujat, G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, and J. F. de Boer, "Realtime fiber-based multi-functional spectral-domain optical coherence tomography at 1.3 μm," Opt. Express 13, 3931-3944 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (12)

S. Guo, J. Zhang, L. Wang, J. S. Nelson, and Z. Chen, "Depth-resolved birefringence and differential optical axis orientation measurements with fiber-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 29, 2025-2027 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Todorovi´c, S. Jiao, L. V. Wang, and G. Stoica, "Determination of local polarization properties of biological samples in the presence of diattenuation by use of Mueller optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 29, 2402- 2404 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Yao and L. V. Wang, "Two-dimensional depth-resolved Mueller matrix characterization of biological tissue by optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 24, 537-539 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yasuno, S. Makita, Y. Sutoh, M. Itoh, and T. Yatagai, "Birefringence imaging of human skin by polarizationsensitive spectral interferometric optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 27, 1803-1805 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, "Optic axis determination accuracy for fiber-based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 30, 2587-2589 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. de Boer, B. Cense, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, "Improved signal-to-noise ratio in spectral-domain compared with time-domain optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 28, 2067-2069 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. de Boer, T. E. Milner, and J. S. Nelson, "Determination of the depth-resolved Stokes parameters of light backscattered from turbid media by use of polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 24, 300-302 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Saxer, J. F. de Boer, B. H. Park, Y. Zhao, Z. Chen, and J. S. Nelson, "High-speed fiber-based polarzationsensitive optical coherence tomography of in vivo human skin," Opt. Lett. 25, 1355-1357 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Jiao and L. V. Wang, "Two-dimensional depth-resolved Mueller matrix of biological tissue measured with double-beam polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 27, 101-103 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Jiao, G. S.W. Yu, and L. V. Wang, "Optical-fiber-based Mueller optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 28, 1206-1208 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, B. Cense, and J. F. de Boer, "Jones matrix analysis for a polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography system using fiber-optic components," Opt. Lett. 29, 2512-2514 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. de Boer, T. E. Milner, M. J. C. van Gemert, and J. S. Nelson, "Two-dimensional birefringence imaging in biological tissue by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography," Opt. Lett. 22, 934-936 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Med. Biol. (1)

M. Pircher, E. Goetzinger, R. Leitgeb, and C. K. Hitzenberger, "Transversal phase resolved polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography," Phys. Med. Biol. 49, 1257-1263 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Of SPIE (1)

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, M. Mujat, C. Joo, T. Akkin, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, A. Yun, B. E. Bouma, G. J. Tearney, and J. F. de Boer, "Spectral-domain polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography at 850 nm," Proc. Of SPIE 5690, 159-162 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

S. N. Jasperson, and S. E. Schnatterly, "An improved method for high reflectivity ellipsometry based on a new polarization modulation technique," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 40, 761-767 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Optical coherence tomography," Science 254, 1178-1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Supplementary Material (14)

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Diagram of the PS-FD-OCT system. The notations imply the following: SLD: superluminescent diode, PC: polarization controller, ND: neutral density filter, LP: linear polarizer, EO: electro-optic modulator, M: mirror, G: grating, PBS: polarizing beamsplitter, CCD: line-CCD camera.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Depth-dependent phase difference of the OCT signals between horizontal and vertical channels. The interference signal is generated by the back surface of the slide glass and the mirror.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) measured orientations of LP and QWP. The rhombuses and squares are the measured cumulative orientation of LP and QWP relative to 0 degree, respectively. The solid and dashed lines are the linear least-squares fits of the orientations of LP and QWP, respectively. (b) measured phase retardation of QWP.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

An intensity image (a) (1.83MB), the cumulative round-trip phase retardation image (b) (1.86MB), and the orientation image (c) (1.86MB) of chicken breast muscle. A median filter with a kernel size of 3×3 was applied to each B-scan of (b) and (c). Each frame has 1023 A-lines, and 128 frames are aqcuired in 5 seconds. The image size is 2 mm (x) ×2 mm (y) ×3.44 mm (z) in air. (6.80MB version (a), 6.80MB version (b), and 6.83MB version (c))

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Images of chicken breast muscle with different modulations. Upper images (a)–(c) are measured with continuous polarization modulation, and lower images (d)–(f) are measured with discrete polarization modulation. (a) and (d) are the intensity images, (b) and (e) are the phase retardation images, and (c) and (f) are the orientation images. All images have 1023 A-lines, and axial 500 pixels. The image size is 2 mm (x) ×2.15 mm (z) in air.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

An intensity image (a) (2.16MB), the cumulative round-trip phase retardation image (b) (2.18MB), and the orientation image (c) (2.17MB) of a human finger pad in vivo. A median filter with a kernel size of 3×3 was applied to each B-scan of (b) and (c). The volume is 4 mm (x) ×4 mm (y) ×1.75 mm (z) in air, or 1023 pixels ×128 pixels ×350 pixels. The measurement time is 5 seconds. (13.3MB version (a), 13.3MB version (b), and 13.3MB version (c))

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

(a): an intensity image (upper) and the cumulative round-trip phase retardation image (lower) of caries lesion of human canine tooth in vivo (1.86MB). A white arrow shows the enamel-dentin junction. The size is 6 mm (x) ×2.80 mm (z) in air, or 2046 pixels (x) ×650 pixels (z). 64 frames were scanned on 6 mm length and acquired in 5 s. (b): a enlarged intensity image of the 24th frame in the movie (a). The white arrows show the incremental lines in the enamel region. A green arrow shows the tufts and lamellae above the enamel-dentin junction. The image size is 2.5 mm (x) ×2.54 mm (z) in air. (4.28MB version)

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Typical approaches to obtain PS-OCT image. A: circularly polarized incident light, B: Stokes vector, C: Mueller matrix, D: Jones matrix with two incident polarizations, E: Jones matrix with polarization modulation method.

Equations (27)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I h ( x , ω ) = H ref ( x , ω ) 2 + H sam ( x , ω ) 2 + H ref ( x , ω ) H sam * ( x , ω ) + c . c . ,
I ˜ h ( x , z ) = 𝓕 z ω 1 [ H ref ( x , ω ) H sam * ( x , ω ) ] ,
( cos φ 2 i sin φ 2 i sin φ 2 cos φ 2 ) ,
( H sam V sam ) = J all ( H i V i ) ,
J all = ( J ( 1 , 1 ) J ( 1 , 2 ) J ( 2 , 1 ) J ( 2 , 2 ) ) ,
( H i V i ) = ( i sin φ 2 cos φ 2 ) .
( H sam V sam ) = ( J ( 1 , 2 ) cos φ 2 + i J ( 1 , 1 ) sin φ 2 J ( 2 , 2 ) cos φ 2 + i J ( 2 , 1 ) sin φ 2 ) .
E ref = ( H ref V ref ) = ( H r V r ) e i φ 2 ,
𝓕 xu [ I ˜ h ( x ) ] = 𝓕 xu [ 𝓕 z ω 1 [ H ref ( x , ω ) H sam * ( x , ω ) ] ]
𝓕 xu [ I ˜ h ( x ) ] = H r 𝓕 xu [ J * ( 1 , 2 ) cos φ 2 e i φ 2 i J * ( 1 , 1 ) sin φ 2 e i φ 2 ]
= H r 2 { 𝓕 xu [ J * ( 1 , 2 ) J * ( 1 , 1 ) ] + 𝓕 xu [ J * ( 1 , 2 ) + J * ( 1 , 1 ) ] * 𝓕 xu [ e i φ ] } ,
sin [ φ ( x ) ] = l = 0 2 J 2 l + 1 ( A 0 ) sin [ ( 2 l + 1 ) ω m x ] ,
cos [ φ ( x ) ] = J 0 ( A 0 ) + l = 1 2 J 2 l ( A 0 ) cos [ ( 2 l ) ω m x ] ,
𝓕 x u [ e i φ ] = l = 0 [ J 2 l ( 2.405 ) { δ ( u 2 l ω m ) + δ ( u + 2 l ω m ) }
+ J 2 l + 1 ( 2.405 ) { δ ( u ( 2 l + 1 ) ω m ) δ ( u + ( 2 l + 1 ) ω m ) } ] .
I ˜ h ( 0 ) = H r 2 ( J * ( 1 , 2 ) J * ( 1 , 1 ) ) ,
I ˜ h ( ω m ) = J 1 ( 2.405 ) H r 2 ( J * ( 1 , 2 ) + J * ( 1 , 1 ) ) ,
H r J * ( 1 , 1 ) = { I ˜ h ( 0 ) 1 J 1 ( 2.405 ) I ˜ h ( ω m ) } ,
H r J * ( 1 , 2 ) = { I ˜ h ( 0 ) + 1 J 1 ( 2.405 ) I ˜ h ( ω m ) } .
( H r * J ( 1 , 1 ) H r * J ( 1 , 2 ) V r * J ( 1 , 1 ) V r * J ( 1 , 2 ) ) = ( 1 0 0 e i γ ) J all = J offset J all ,
J sur = J out J in ,
J all = J out J sam J in .
J offset J all ( J offset J sur ) 1 = J offset J out J sam J in J in 1 J out 1 J offset 1
= J offset J out J sam J out 1 J offset 1
= J U ( p 1 e i η 2 0 0 p 2 e i η 2 ) J U 1 ,
φ n = 2 π ( n 1 ) N 2 π n N A 0 sin ( ω m x ) d x 2 π N ,
10 log = { 1 2 ( J ( 1 , 1 ) 2 + J ( 1 , 2 ) 2 + J ( 2 , 1 ) 2 + J ( 2 , 2 ) 2 ) } ,

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