Abstract

Direct time-domain measurement of tunable optical delay in a silicon resonating structure is presented. The structure is composed by a double-ring resonator, whose spectrum has a narrow transparency peak with low group velocity analogous to that in electromagnetically induced transparency. Effective group indices from 90 to 290 are obtained by tuning the resonator thermally. The measurements agree well with the theoretical analysis.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. K. Lee, D. R. Lim, and L. C. Kimerling, "Fabrication of ultralow-loss Si/SiO2 waveguides by roughness reduction," Opt. Lett. 26, 1888-1890 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. A. Vlasov, and S. J. McNab, "Losses in single-mode silicon-on-insulator strip waveguides and bends," Opt. Express 12, 1622-1631 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, "A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor," Nature 427, 615-618 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, "Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature 435, 325-327 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, "All-optical control of light on a silicon chip," Nature 431, 1081-1084 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. S. Chan, and P. M. Fauchet, "Silicon microcavity light emitting devices," Opt. Mater. 17,31-34 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Jones, H. Rong, A. Liu, A. Fang, M. Paniccia, D. Hak, and Oded Cohen, "Net continuous wave optical gain in a low loss silicon-on-insulator waveguide by stimulated Raman scattering," Opt. Express 13, 519-525 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Q. Xu, V. Almeida, and M. Lipson, "Time-resolved study of Raman gain in highly confined silicon-on-insulator waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 4437--4442 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. O. Boyraz and B. Jalali, "Demonstration of a silicon Raman laser," Opt. Express 12, 5269-5273 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones1, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang and M. Paniccia1, "An all-silicon Raman laser," Nature 433, 292 - 294 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. Y. Okawachi, M. Foster, J. Sharping, A. Gaeta, Q. Xu, and M. Lipson, "All-optical slow-light on a photonic chip," Opt. Express 14, 2317-2322 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, "Experimental Realization of an On-Chip All-Optical Analogue to Electromagnetically Induced Transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 123901 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically induced transparency," Physics Today 50(7), 36-42 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. D. Lukin, and A. Imamoglu, "Controlling photons using electromagnetically induced transparency," Nature 413, 273-276 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. A. Yariv, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Scherer, "Coupled-resonator optical waveguide: A proposal and analysis," Opt. Lett. 24, 711-713 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  19. D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, "Coupled-resonator-induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 69, 063804 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. E. Heebner, and R. W. Boyd, "'Slow' and 'fast' light in resonator-coupled waveguides," J. Mod. Opt. 49, 2629-2636 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. B. Khurgin, "Optical buffers based on slow light in electromagnetically induced transparent media and coupled resonator structures: comparative analysis," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 1062-1074 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  22. W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, "Temporal coupled-mode theory and the presence of non-orthogonal modes in lossless multi-mode cavities," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 40, 1511-1518 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  23. L. Maleki, A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, and V. S. Ilchenko, "Tunable delay line with interacting whispering-gallery-mode resonators," Opt. Lett. 29, 626-628 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, "Interference effects in lossy resonator chains," J. Mod. Opt. 51, 2515-2522 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  25. M. F. Yanik, W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, "Stopping light in a waveguide with an all-optical analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233903 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. A. Naweed, G. Farca, S. I. Shopova, and A. T. Rosenberger, "Induced transparency and absorption in coupled whispering-gallery microresonators," Phys. Rev. A 71, 043804 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  27. S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, and Y. Kokebun, "Second-order filter response from parallel coupled glass microring resonators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1426-1428 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  28. B. G. Lee, B. A. Small, K. Bergman, Q. Xu, M. Lipson, "Transmission of high data rate optical signals through a micron-scale silicon ring resonator," Opt. Lett. (to be published).
  29. G. Cocorullo and I. Rendina, "Thermo-optical modulation at 1.5 µm in silicon etalon," Electron. Lett. 28, 83-84 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  30. K. K. Lee, D. R. Lim, and L. C. Kimerling, "Fabrication of ultralow-loss Si_SiO2 waveguides by roughness reduction," Opt. Lett. 26, 1888-1890 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (2)

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, "Experimental Realization of an On-Chip All-Optical Analogue to Electromagnetically Induced Transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 123901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Okawachi, M. Foster, J. Sharping, A. Gaeta, Q. Xu, and M. Lipson, "All-optical slow-light on a photonic chip," Opt. Express 14, 2317-2322 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (7)

R. Jones, H. Rong, A. Liu, A. Fang, M. Paniccia, D. Hak, and Oded Cohen, "Net continuous wave optical gain in a low loss silicon-on-insulator waveguide by stimulated Raman scattering," Opt. Express 13, 519-525 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Khurgin, "Optical buffers based on slow light in electromagnetically induced transparent media and coupled resonator structures: comparative analysis," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 1062-1074 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, "Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature 435, 325-327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones1, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang and M. Paniccia1, "An all-silicon Raman laser," Nature 433, 292 - 294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Naweed, G. Farca, S. I. Shopova, and A. T. Rosenberger, "Induced transparency and absorption in coupled whispering-gallery microresonators," Phys. Rev. A 71, 043804 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (11)

W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, "Temporal coupled-mode theory and the presence of non-orthogonal modes in lossless multi-mode cavities," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 40, 1511-1518 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, "Coupled-resonator-induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 69, 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, "Interference effects in lossy resonator chains," J. Mod. Opt. 51, 2515-2522 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Yanik, W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, "Stopping light in a waveguide with an all-optical analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, "All-optical control of light on a silicon chip," Nature 431, 1081-1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, "A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor," Nature 427, 615-618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Maleki, A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, and V. S. Ilchenko, "Tunable delay line with interacting whispering-gallery-mode resonators," Opt. Lett. 29, 626-628 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. A. Vlasov, and S. J. McNab, "Losses in single-mode silicon-on-insulator strip waveguides and bends," Opt. Express 12, 1622-1631 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Xu, V. Almeida, and M. Lipson, "Time-resolved study of Raman gain in highly confined silicon-on-insulator waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 4437--4442 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Boyraz and B. Jalali, "Demonstration of a silicon Raman laser," Opt. Express 12, 5269-5273 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

J. E. Heebner, and R. W. Boyd, "'Slow' and 'fast' light in resonator-coupled waveguides," J. Mod. Opt. 49, 2629-2636 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (4)

S. Chan, and P. M. Fauchet, "Silicon microcavity light emitting devices," Opt. Mater. 17,31-34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Lee, D. R. Lim, and L. C. Kimerling, "Fabrication of ultralow-loss Si/SiO2 waveguides by roughness reduction," Opt. Lett. 26, 1888-1890 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Lee, D. R. Lim, and L. C. Kimerling, "Fabrication of ultralow-loss Si_SiO2 waveguides by roughness reduction," Opt. Lett. 26, 1888-1890 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Lukin, and A. Imamoglu, "Controlling photons using electromagnetically induced transparency," Nature 413, 273-276 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

A. Yariv, Y. Xu, R. K. Lee, and A. Scherer, "Coupled-resonator optical waveguide: A proposal and analysis," Opt. Lett. 24, 711-713 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, and Y. Kokebun, "Second-order filter response from parallel coupled glass microring resonators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1426-1428 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically induced transparency," Physics Today 50(7), 36-42 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

G. Cocorullo and I. Rendina, "Thermo-optical modulation at 1.5 µm in silicon etalon," Electron. Lett. 28, 83-84 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Almeida, V.

Almeida, V. R.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, "All-optical control of light on a silicon chip," Nature 431, 1081-1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baets, R.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Barrios, C. A.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, "All-optical control of light on a silicon chip," Nature 431, 1081-1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beckx, S.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, K.

B. G. Lee, B. A. Small, K. Bergman, Q. Xu, M. Lipson, "Transmission of high data rate optical signals through a micron-scale silicon ring resonator," Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Bienstman, P.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bogaerts, W.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, "Coupled-resonator-induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 69, 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Heebner, and R. W. Boyd, "'Slow' and 'fast' light in resonator-coupled waveguides," J. Mod. Opt. 49, 2629-2636 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Boyraz, O.

Chan, S.

S. Chan, and P. M. Fauchet, "Silicon microcavity light emitting devices," Opt. Mater. 17,31-34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chang, H.

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, "Coupled-resonator-induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 69, 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S. T.

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, and Y. Kokebun, "Second-order filter response from parallel coupled glass microring resonators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1426-1428 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cocorullo, G.

G. Cocorullo and I. Rendina, "Thermo-optical modulation at 1.5 µm in silicon etalon," Electron. Lett. 28, 83-84 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, O.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, "A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor," Nature 427, 615-618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cohen, Oded

Dumon, P.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Engelen, R. J. P.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, S.

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, "Experimental Realization of an On-Chip All-Optical Analogue to Electromagnetically Induced Transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 123901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, "Temporal coupled-mode theory and the presence of non-orthogonal modes in lossless multi-mode cavities," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 40, 1511-1518 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Yanik, W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, "Stopping light in a waveguide with an all-optical analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fang, A.

Farca, G.

A. Naweed, G. Farca, S. I. Shopova, and A. T. Rosenberger, "Induced transparency and absorption in coupled whispering-gallery microresonators," Phys. Rev. A 71, 043804 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fauchet, P. M.

S. Chan, and P. M. Fauchet, "Silicon microcavity light emitting devices," Opt. Mater. 17,31-34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Foster, M.

Fuller, K. A.

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, "Coupled-resonator-induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 69, 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A.

Gersen, H.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hak, D.

Hamann, H. F.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically induced transparency," Physics Today 50(7), 36-42 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Heebner, J. E.

J. E. Heebner, and R. W. Boyd, "'Slow' and 'fast' light in resonator-coupled waveguides," J. Mod. Opt. 49, 2629-2636 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ilchenko, V. S.

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, "Interference effects in lossy resonator chains," J. Mod. Opt. 51, 2515-2522 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Maleki, A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, and V. S. Ilchenko, "Tunable delay line with interacting whispering-gallery-mode resonators," Opt. Lett. 29, 626-628 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imamoglu, A.

M. D. Lukin, and A. Imamoglu, "Controlling photons using electromagnetically induced transparency," Nature 413, 273-276 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jalali, B.

Jones, R.

R. Jones, H. Rong, A. Liu, A. Fang, M. Paniccia, D. Hak, and Oded Cohen, "Net continuous wave optical gain in a low loss silicon-on-insulator waveguide by stimulated Raman scattering," Opt. Express 13, 519-525 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones1, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang and M. Paniccia1, "An all-silicon Raman laser," Nature 433, 292 - 294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, "A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor," Nature 427, 615-618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaneko, T.

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, and Y. Kokebun, "Second-order filter response from parallel coupled glass microring resonators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1426-1428 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Karle, T. J.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khurgin, J. B.

Kimerling, L. C.

Kokebun, Y.

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, and Y. Kokebun, "Second-order filter response from parallel coupled glass microring resonators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1426-1428 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Korterik, J. P.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krauss, T. F.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuipers, L.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, B. G.

B. G. Lee, B. A. Small, K. Bergman, Q. Xu, M. Lipson, "Transmission of high data rate optical signals through a micron-scale silicon ring resonator," Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Lee, K. K.

Lee, R. K.

Liao, L.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, "A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor," Nature 427, 615-618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lim, D. R.

Lipson, M.

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, "Experimental Realization of an On-Chip All-Optical Analogue to Electromagnetically Induced Transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 123901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Okawachi, M. Foster, J. Sharping, A. Gaeta, Q. Xu, and M. Lipson, "All-optical slow-light on a photonic chip," Opt. Express 14, 2317-2322 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, "Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature 435, 325-327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Xu, V. Almeida, and M. Lipson, "Time-resolved study of Raman gain in highly confined silicon-on-insulator waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 4437--4442 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, "All-optical control of light on a silicon chip," Nature 431, 1081-1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. G. Lee, B. A. Small, K. Bergman, Q. Xu, M. Lipson, "Transmission of high data rate optical signals through a micron-scale silicon ring resonator," Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Little, B. E.

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, and Y. Kokebun, "Second-order filter response from parallel coupled glass microring resonators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1426-1428 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liu, A.

R. Jones, H. Rong, A. Liu, A. Fang, M. Paniccia, D. Hak, and Oded Cohen, "Net continuous wave optical gain in a low loss silicon-on-insulator waveguide by stimulated Raman scattering," Opt. Express 13, 519-525 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones1, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang and M. Paniccia1, "An all-silicon Raman laser," Nature 433, 292 - 294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, "A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor," Nature 427, 615-618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lukin, M. D.

M. D. Lukin, and A. Imamoglu, "Controlling photons using electromagnetically induced transparency," Nature 413, 273-276 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luyssaert, B.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Maleki, L.

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, "Interference effects in lossy resonator chains," J. Mod. Opt. 51, 2515-2522 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L. Maleki, A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, and V. S. Ilchenko, "Tunable delay line with interacting whispering-gallery-mode resonators," Opt. Lett. 29, 626-628 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsko, A. B.

L. Maleki, A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, and V. S. Ilchenko, "Tunable delay line with interacting whispering-gallery-mode resonators," Opt. Lett. 29, 626-628 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, "Interference effects in lossy resonator chains," J. Mod. Opt. 51, 2515-2522 (2004).
[CrossRef]

McNab, S. J.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. A. Vlasov, and S. J. McNab, "Losses in single-mode silicon-on-insulator strip waveguides and bends," Opt. Express 12, 1622-1631 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Naweed, A.

A. Naweed, G. Farca, S. I. Shopova, and A. T. Rosenberger, "Induced transparency and absorption in coupled whispering-gallery microresonators," Phys. Rev. A 71, 043804 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nicolaescu, R.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, "A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor," Nature 427, 615-618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O’Boyle, M.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okawachi, Y.

Pan, W.

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, and Y. Kokebun, "Second-order filter response from parallel coupled glass microring resonators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1426-1428 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Panepucci, R. R.

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, "All-optical control of light on a silicon chip," Nature 431, 1081-1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paniccia, M.

R. Jones, H. Rong, A. Liu, A. Fang, M. Paniccia, D. Hak, and Oded Cohen, "Net continuous wave optical gain in a low loss silicon-on-insulator waveguide by stimulated Raman scattering," Opt. Express 13, 519-525 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, "A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor," Nature 427, 615-618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Povinelli, M. L.

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, "Experimental Realization of an On-Chip All-Optical Analogue to Electromagnetically Induced Transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 123901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pradhan, S.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, "Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature 435, 325-327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rendina, I.

G. Cocorullo and I. Rendina, "Thermo-optical modulation at 1.5 µm in silicon etalon," Electron. Lett. 28, 83-84 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Rong, H.

Rosenberger, A. T.

A. Naweed, G. Farca, S. I. Shopova, and A. T. Rosenberger, "Induced transparency and absorption in coupled whispering-gallery microresonators," Phys. Rev. A 71, 043804 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, "Coupled-resonator-induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 69, 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rubin, D.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, "A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor," Nature 427, 615-618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Samara-Rubio, D.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, "A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor," Nature 427, 615-618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sandhu, S.

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, "Experimental Realization of an On-Chip All-Optical Analogue to Electromagnetically Induced Transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 123901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Savchenkov, A. A.

L. Maleki, A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, and V. S. Ilchenko, "Tunable delay line with interacting whispering-gallery-mode resonators," Opt. Lett. 29, 626-628 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, "Interference effects in lossy resonator chains," J. Mod. Opt. 51, 2515-2522 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

Schmidt, B.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, "Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature 435, 325-327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shakya, J.

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, "Experimental Realization of an On-Chip All-Optical Analogue to Electromagnetically Induced Transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 123901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharping, J.

Shopova, S. I.

A. Naweed, G. Farca, S. I. Shopova, and A. T. Rosenberger, "Induced transparency and absorption in coupled whispering-gallery microresonators," Phys. Rev. A 71, 043804 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Small, B. A.

B. G. Lee, B. A. Small, K. Bergman, Q. Xu, M. Lipson, "Transmission of high data rate optical signals through a micron-scale silicon ring resonator," Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Smith, D. D.

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, "Coupled-resonator-induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 69, 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Strekalov, D.

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, "Interference effects in lossy resonator chains," J. Mod. Opt. 51, 2515-2522 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Suh, W.

W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, "Temporal coupled-mode theory and the presence of non-orthogonal modes in lossless multi-mode cavities," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 40, 1511-1518 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Yanik, W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, "Stopping light in a waveguide with an all-optical analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taillaert, D.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Van Campenhout, J.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

van Hulst, N. F.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Thourhout, D.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y. A.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. A. Vlasov, and S. J. McNab, "Losses in single-mode silicon-on-insulator strip waveguides and bends," Opt. Express 12, 1622-1631 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, "Temporal coupled-mode theory and the presence of non-orthogonal modes in lossless multi-mode cavities," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 40, 1511-1518 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Yanik, W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, "Stopping light in a waveguide with an all-optical analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wiaux, V.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wouters, J.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Q.

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, "Experimental Realization of an On-Chip All-Optical Analogue to Electromagnetically Induced Transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 123901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Okawachi, M. Foster, J. Sharping, A. Gaeta, Q. Xu, and M. Lipson, "All-optical slow-light on a photonic chip," Opt. Express 14, 2317-2322 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, "Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature 435, 325-327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Xu, V. Almeida, and M. Lipson, "Time-resolved study of Raman gain in highly confined silicon-on-insulator waveguides," Opt. Express 12, 4437--4442 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. G. Lee, B. A. Small, K. Bergman, Q. Xu, M. Lipson, "Transmission of high data rate optical signals through a micron-scale silicon ring resonator," Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Xu, Y.

Yanik, M. F.

M. F. Yanik, W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, "Stopping light in a waveguide with an all-optical analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yariv, A.

Electron. Lett. (1)

G. Cocorullo and I. Rendina, "Thermo-optical modulation at 1.5 µm in silicon etalon," Electron. Lett. 28, 83-84 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. (1)

W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, "Temporal coupled-mode theory and the presence of non-orthogonal modes in lossless multi-mode cavities," IEEE J. Quantum. Electron. 40, 1511-1518 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

S. T. Chu, B. E. Little, W. Pan, T. Kaneko, and Y. Kokebun, "Second-order filter response from parallel coupled glass microring resonators," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1426-1428 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, "Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1328-1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (2)

J. E. Heebner, and R. W. Boyd, "'Slow' and 'fast' light in resonator-coupled waveguides," J. Mod. Opt. 49, 2629-2636 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, "Interference effects in lossy resonator chains," J. Mod. Opt. 51, 2515-2522 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (6)

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, "A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor," Nature 427, 615-618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, "Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature 435, 325-327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Almeida, C. A. Barrios, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, "All-optical control of light on a silicon chip," Nature 431, 1081-1084 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O’Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. Lukin, and A. Imamoglu, "Controlling photons using electromagnetically induced transparency," Nature 413, 273-276 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones1, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang and M. Paniccia1, "An all-silicon Raman laser," Nature 433, 292 - 294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Mater. (1)

S. Chan, and P. M. Fauchet, "Silicon microcavity light emitting devices," Opt. Mater. 17,31-34 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, "Coupled-resonator-induced transparency," Phys. Rev. A 69, 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Naweed, G. Farca, S. I. Shopova, and A. T. Rosenberger, "Induced transparency and absorption in coupled whispering-gallery microresonators," Phys. Rev. A 71, 043804 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

Q. Xu, S. Sandhu, M. L. Povinelli, J. Shakya, S. Fan, and M. Lipson, "Experimental Realization of an On-Chip All-Optical Analogue to Electromagnetically Induced Transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 123901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 073903 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. F. Yanik, W. Suh, Z. Wang, and S. Fan, "Stopping light in a waveguide with an all-optical analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 233903 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Physics Today (1)

S. E. Harris, "Electromagnetically induced transparency," Physics Today 50(7), 36-42 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) top-view microscopy image of the fabricated double-ring resonator. (b) normalized quasi-TM mode transmission spectrum of a double-ring resonator.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup. TL: tunable laser; MOD: optical amplitude modulator; PC: polarization controller; POL: polarizer; ATTN: attenuator; SW: fiber optical switch; EDFA: Erbium doped fiber amplifier; DET: optical detector; OSC: sampling oscilloscope; SYN: synthesizer. The thick solid lines represent optical fibers and waveguides, and the dashed lines represent coaxial RF connections.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Relative optical delay of the device. The red solid line shows the theoretical delay spectrum. The black squares show the measured delays. Multiple measurements are made between the wavelength of 1547 nm and 1548 nm, from which the error bars are obtained. The blue dashed line shows the measured transmission spectrum, which is associated with the right y-axis.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Thermal tuning of the transmission and optical delay of the double-ring resonator. (a): normalized power transmission spectrum; (b): relative delay spectrum. Black squares: neither ring is heated; green triangles and blue diamonds: ring 1 is heated; red hollow triangles and purple circles: ring 2 is heated. The delay measurements close to the transmission minimum is unreliable, therefore is not shown in the figure.

Metrics