Abstract

We characterize the ability of Gaussian and Bessel beams to guide water, ethanol and dodecane aerosol droplets. Droplets produced from a nebuliser source are trapped using radiation pressure and then by varying the beam power are controllably guided in a vertical direction. The use of a zeroth-order Bessel beam, which has a non-diffracting thin core, is shown to improve guiding distances over a comparable Gaussian beam by more than three times with guiding distances of up to 2.75mm for dodecane droplets. We discuss the applications for this work in the context of tools for optically manipulating airborne particles.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Ashkin, “Acceleration and trapping of particles by radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 156–159 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, and D. E. Pritchard, “Trapping of neutral sodium Atoms with radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.,  59, 2631–2634 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, J. E. Bjorkholm, and S. Chu. “Observation of a single-beam gradient force optical trap for dielectric particles,” Opt. Lett. 11, 288–290 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, “Observation of resonances in the radiation pressure on Dielectric Spheres,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 1351–1354 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, “Optical levitation of liquid drops by radiation pressure,” Science 187, 1073–1075 (1975)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, “Feedback Stablization of optically levitated particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 202–204 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. Omori, T. Kobayashi, and A. Suzuki, “Observation of a single beam gradient-force optical trap for dielectric particles in air,” Opt. Lett. 22, 816–818 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. N. Magome, M. I. Kohira, E. Hayata, S. Mukai, and K. Yoshikawa, “Optical trapping of a growing water droplet in air,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 3988–3990 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. D. King, K. C. Thompson, and A. D. Ward, “Laser tweezers Raman study of optically trapped aerosol droplets of seawater and Oleic acid reacting with ozone: Implications for cloud-droplet properties,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 16710–16711 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R. J. Hopkins, L. Mitchem, A. D. Ward, and J. P. Reid, “Control and characterisation of a single aerosol droplet in a single-beam gradient-force optical trap,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 4924–4927 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Durnin, J. J. Meceli, and J. H. Eberly, “Diffraction-free beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499–1501 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. D. McGloin and K. Dholakia, “Bessel beams: Diffraction in a new light,” Contemp. Phys. 46, 15–28 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Symes, R. M. Sayer, and J. P. Reid, “Cavity enhanced droplet spectroscopy: Principles, perspectives and prospects,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 474–487 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright, and K. Dholakia, “Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 854001–4003 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. Arlt, V. Garces-Chavez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia “Optical micro-manipulation using a Bessel light beam,” Opt. Commun. 197, 239–245 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  16. D. McGloin, A. E. Carruthers, K. Dholakia, and E. M. Wright, “Optically bound microscopic particles in one dimension,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 021403 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

D. McGloin and K. Dholakia, “Bessel beams: Diffraction in a new light,” Contemp. Phys. 46, 15–28 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (5)

R. Symes, R. M. Sayer, and J. P. Reid, “Cavity enhanced droplet spectroscopy: Principles, perspectives and prospects,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 474–487 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright, and K. Dholakia, “Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 854001–4003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. D. King, K. C. Thompson, and A. D. Ward, “Laser tweezers Raman study of optically trapped aerosol droplets of seawater and Oleic acid reacting with ozone: Implications for cloud-droplet properties,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 16710–16711 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Hopkins, L. Mitchem, A. D. Ward, and J. P. Reid, “Control and characterisation of a single aerosol droplet in a single-beam gradient-force optical trap,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 4924–4927 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. McGloin, A. E. Carruthers, K. Dholakia, and E. M. Wright, “Optically bound microscopic particles in one dimension,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 021403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

N. Magome, M. I. Kohira, E. Hayata, S. Mukai, and K. Yoshikawa, “Optical trapping of a growing water droplet in air,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 3988–3990 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

J. Arlt, V. Garces-Chavez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia “Optical micro-manipulation using a Bessel light beam,” Opt. Commun. 197, 239–245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1987 (2)

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, and D. E. Pritchard, “Trapping of neutral sodium Atoms with radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.,  59, 2631–2634 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Durnin, J. J. Meceli, and J. H. Eberly, “Diffraction-free beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499–1501 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

1977 (2)

A Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, “Feedback Stablization of optically levitated particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 202–204 (1977).
[CrossRef]

A. Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, “Observation of resonances in the radiation pressure on Dielectric Spheres,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 1351–1354 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

A. Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, “Optical levitation of liquid drops by radiation pressure,” Science 187, 1073–1075 (1975)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1970 (1)

A. Ashkin, “Acceleration and trapping of particles by radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 156–159 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Arlt, J.

J. Arlt, V. Garces-Chavez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia “Optical micro-manipulation using a Bessel light beam,” Opt. Commun. 197, 239–245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ashkin, A

A Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, “Feedback Stablization of optically levitated particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 202–204 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Ashkin, A.

A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, J. E. Bjorkholm, and S. Chu. “Observation of a single-beam gradient force optical trap for dielectric particles,” Opt. Lett. 11, 288–290 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, “Observation of resonances in the radiation pressure on Dielectric Spheres,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 1351–1354 (1977).
[CrossRef]

A. Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, “Optical levitation of liquid drops by radiation pressure,” Science 187, 1073–1075 (1975)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ashkin, “Acceleration and trapping of particles by radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 156–159 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Bjorkholm, J. E.

Cable, A.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, and D. E. Pritchard, “Trapping of neutral sodium Atoms with radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.,  59, 2631–2634 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carruthers, A. E.

D. McGloin, A. E. Carruthers, K. Dholakia, and E. M. Wright, “Optically bound microscopic particles in one dimension,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 021403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, and D. E. Pritchard, “Trapping of neutral sodium Atoms with radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.,  59, 2631–2634 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, J. E. Bjorkholm, and S. Chu. “Observation of a single-beam gradient force optical trap for dielectric particles,” Opt. Lett. 11, 288–290 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dholakia, K.

D. McGloin and K. Dholakia, “Bessel beams: Diffraction in a new light,” Contemp. Phys. 46, 15–28 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. McGloin, A. E. Carruthers, K. Dholakia, and E. M. Wright, “Optically bound microscopic particles in one dimension,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 021403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright, and K. Dholakia, “Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 854001–4003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Arlt, V. Garces-Chavez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia “Optical micro-manipulation using a Bessel light beam,” Opt. Commun. 197, 239–245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Durnin, J.

J. Durnin, J. J. Meceli, and J. H. Eberly, “Diffraction-free beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499–1501 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dziedzic, J. M.

A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, J. E. Bjorkholm, and S. Chu. “Observation of a single-beam gradient force optical trap for dielectric particles,” Opt. Lett. 11, 288–290 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, “Observation of resonances in the radiation pressure on Dielectric Spheres,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 1351–1354 (1977).
[CrossRef]

A Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, “Feedback Stablization of optically levitated particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 202–204 (1977).
[CrossRef]

A. Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, “Optical levitation of liquid drops by radiation pressure,” Science 187, 1073–1075 (1975)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eberly, J. H.

J. Durnin, J. J. Meceli, and J. H. Eberly, “Diffraction-free beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499–1501 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garces-Chavez, V.

J. Arlt, V. Garces-Chavez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia “Optical micro-manipulation using a Bessel light beam,” Opt. Commun. 197, 239–245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Garcés-Chávez, V.

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright, and K. Dholakia, “Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 854001–4003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hayata, E.

N. Magome, M. I. Kohira, E. Hayata, S. Mukai, and K. Yoshikawa, “Optical trapping of a growing water droplet in air,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 3988–3990 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hopkins, R. J.

R. J. Hopkins, L. Mitchem, A. D. Ward, and J. P. Reid, “Control and characterisation of a single aerosol droplet in a single-beam gradient-force optical trap,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 4924–4927 (2004).
[CrossRef]

King, M. D.

M. D. King, K. C. Thompson, and A. D. Ward, “Laser tweezers Raman study of optically trapped aerosol droplets of seawater and Oleic acid reacting with ozone: Implications for cloud-droplet properties,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 16710–16711 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, T.

Kohira, M. I.

N. Magome, M. I. Kohira, E. Hayata, S. Mukai, and K. Yoshikawa, “Optical trapping of a growing water droplet in air,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 3988–3990 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Magome, N.

N. Magome, M. I. Kohira, E. Hayata, S. Mukai, and K. Yoshikawa, “Optical trapping of a growing water droplet in air,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 3988–3990 (2003).
[CrossRef]

McGloin, D.

D. McGloin and K. Dholakia, “Bessel beams: Diffraction in a new light,” Contemp. Phys. 46, 15–28 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright, and K. Dholakia, “Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 854001–4003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. McGloin, A. E. Carruthers, K. Dholakia, and E. M. Wright, “Optically bound microscopic particles in one dimension,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 021403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Meceli, J. J.

J. Durnin, J. J. Meceli, and J. H. Eberly, “Diffraction-free beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499–1501 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Melville, H.

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright, and K. Dholakia, “Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 854001–4003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mitchem, L.

R. J. Hopkins, L. Mitchem, A. D. Ward, and J. P. Reid, “Control and characterisation of a single aerosol droplet in a single-beam gradient-force optical trap,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 4924–4927 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mukai, S.

N. Magome, M. I. Kohira, E. Hayata, S. Mukai, and K. Yoshikawa, “Optical trapping of a growing water droplet in air,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 3988–3990 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Omori, R.

Prentiss, M.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, and D. E. Pritchard, “Trapping of neutral sodium Atoms with radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.,  59, 2631–2634 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pritchard, D. E.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, and D. E. Pritchard, “Trapping of neutral sodium Atoms with radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.,  59, 2631–2634 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Raab, E. L.

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, and D. E. Pritchard, “Trapping of neutral sodium Atoms with radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.,  59, 2631–2634 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reid, J. P.

R. Symes, R. M. Sayer, and J. P. Reid, “Cavity enhanced droplet spectroscopy: Principles, perspectives and prospects,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 474–487 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Hopkins, L. Mitchem, A. D. Ward, and J. P. Reid, “Control and characterisation of a single aerosol droplet in a single-beam gradient-force optical trap,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 4924–4927 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Roskey, D.

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright, and K. Dholakia, “Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 854001–4003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sayer, R. M.

R. Symes, R. M. Sayer, and J. P. Reid, “Cavity enhanced droplet spectroscopy: Principles, perspectives and prospects,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 474–487 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

J. Arlt, V. Garces-Chavez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia “Optical micro-manipulation using a Bessel light beam,” Opt. Commun. 197, 239–245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Summers, M. D.

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright, and K. Dholakia, “Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 854001–4003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, A.

Symes, R.

R. Symes, R. M. Sayer, and J. P. Reid, “Cavity enhanced droplet spectroscopy: Principles, perspectives and prospects,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 474–487 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, K. C.

M. D. King, K. C. Thompson, and A. D. Ward, “Laser tweezers Raman study of optically trapped aerosol droplets of seawater and Oleic acid reacting with ozone: Implications for cloud-droplet properties,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 16710–16711 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ward, A. D.

M. D. King, K. C. Thompson, and A. D. Ward, “Laser tweezers Raman study of optically trapped aerosol droplets of seawater and Oleic acid reacting with ozone: Implications for cloud-droplet properties,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 16710–16711 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Hopkins, L. Mitchem, A. D. Ward, and J. P. Reid, “Control and characterisation of a single aerosol droplet in a single-beam gradient-force optical trap,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 4924–4927 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wright, E. M.

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright, and K. Dholakia, “Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 854001–4003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. McGloin, A. E. Carruthers, K. Dholakia, and E. M. Wright, “Optically bound microscopic particles in one dimension,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 021403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yoshikawa, K.

N. Magome, M. I. Kohira, E. Hayata, S. Mukai, and K. Yoshikawa, “Optical trapping of a growing water droplet in air,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 3988–3990 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, “Feedback Stablization of optically levitated particles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 30, 202–204 (1977).
[CrossRef]

V. Garcés-Chávez, D. Roskey, M. D. Summers, H. Melville, D. McGloin, E. M. Wright, and K. Dholakia, “Optical levitation in a Bessel light beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 854001–4003 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Contemp. Phys. (1)

D. McGloin and K. Dholakia, “Bessel beams: Diffraction in a new light,” Contemp. Phys. 46, 15–28 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

M. D. King, K. C. Thompson, and A. D. Ward, “Laser tweezers Raman study of optically trapped aerosol droplets of seawater and Oleic acid reacting with ozone: Implications for cloud-droplet properties,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126, 16710–16711 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

N. Magome, M. I. Kohira, E. Hayata, S. Mukai, and K. Yoshikawa, “Optical trapping of a growing water droplet in air,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 3988–3990 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Arlt, V. Garces-Chavez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia “Optical micro-manipulation using a Bessel light beam,” Opt. Commun. 197, 239–245 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (2)

R. J. Hopkins, L. Mitchem, A. D. Ward, and J. P. Reid, “Control and characterisation of a single aerosol droplet in a single-beam gradient-force optical trap,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 4924–4927 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Symes, R. M. Sayer, and J. P. Reid, “Cavity enhanced droplet spectroscopy: Principles, perspectives and prospects,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 6, 474–487 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

D. McGloin, A. E. Carruthers, K. Dholakia, and E. M. Wright, “Optically bound microscopic particles in one dimension,” Phys. Rev. E 69, 021403 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

J. Durnin, J. J. Meceli, and J. H. Eberly, “Diffraction-free beams,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499–1501 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, “Observation of resonances in the radiation pressure on Dielectric Spheres,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 1351–1354 (1977).
[CrossRef]

A. Ashkin, “Acceleration and trapping of particles by radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 156–159 (1970).
[CrossRef]

E. L. Raab, M. Prentiss, A. Cable, S. Chu, and D. E. Pritchard, “Trapping of neutral sodium Atoms with radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett.,  59, 2631–2634 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

A. Ashkin and J. M. Dziedzic, “Optical levitation of liquid drops by radiation pressure,” Science 187, 1073–1075 (1975)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Supplementary Material (2)

» Media 1: AVI (2491 KB)     
» Media 2: AVI (2477 KB)     

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup for optical levitation using a Bessel beam.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Video of water droplets merging in a Gaussian beam [Media 1]

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Water droplet height against laser power (W) for water for a constant flow rate of 0.58 litres/min levitated in a Guassian laser beam.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Particle height against laser power (W) for ethanol for a constant flow rate of 0.5 litres/min levitated in a Gaussian laser beam.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Video of dodecane droplet guiding with a Bessel beam The maximum guiding distance shown is 800µm. [Media 2]

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Particle height against laser power (W) for (a) water, (b) ethanol and (c) dodecane at a constant flow rate in a Bessel beam. The particle displacement is relative to the displacement for the minimum trapping power.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Properties of the liquids used in the droplet manipulation studies

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