Abstract

We demonstrate room temperature continuous-wave laser operation at 1.3 μm in a photonic crystal nanocavity with InAs/GaAs self-assembled quantum dots by optical pumping. By analyzing a coupled rate equation and the experimental light-light characteristic plot, we evaluate the spontaneous emission coupling factor of the laser to be ~ 0.22. Three-dimensional carrier confinement and a low transparent carrier density due to volume effect in a quantum dot system play important roles in the cw laser operation at room temperature as well as a high quality factor photonic crystal nanocavity.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2005

K. Kounoike, M. Yamaguchi, M. Fujita, T. Asano, J. Nakanishi, and S. Noda, "Investigation of spontaneous emission from quantum dots embedded in two-dimensional photonic-crystal slab," Electron. Lett. 41, 1402-1403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Altug and J. Vuèkoviæ, "Photonic crystal nanocavity array laser," Opt. Express 13,8819-8828 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

H.Y. Ryu, M. Notomi, E. Kuramoti, and T. Segawa, "Large spontaneous emission factor (>0.1) in the photonic crystal monopole-mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1067-1069 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H.M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O.B. Shchekin, and D.G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432,200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425,944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L.Z. Zhang and E. Hu, "Lasing from InGaAs quantum dots in an injection microdisk," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82,319-321 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

T. Yoshie, O.B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D.G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, "Quantum dot photonic crystal lasers," Electron. Lett. 38,967-968 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

H.-Y. Ryu, J.-K. Hwang, D.-S. Song, I.-Y. Han, and Y.-H. Lee, "Effect of nonradiative recombination on light emitting properties of two-dimensional photonic crystal slab structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1174-1176 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP 2D photonic crystal microlasers on silicon wafer: room temperature operation at 1.55 μm," Electron. Lett. 37, 764-766 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

J.-K. Hwang, H.-Y. Ryu, D.-S. Song, I.-Y. Han, H.-W. Song, H.-K. Park, and Y.-H. Lee, "Room-temperature triangular-lattice two-dimensional photonic band gap lasers operating at 1.54 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2982-2984 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Sakamoto and M. Sugawara, "Theoretical calculation of lasing spectra of quantum-dot lasers: Effect on homogeneous broadening of optical gain," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 107-109 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Noda, A. Chutinan, and M. Imada, "Trapping and emission of photons by a single defect in a photonic bandgap structure," Nature 407,608-610 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

O. Painter, R.K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J.D. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284,1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Mukai, Y. Nakata, K. Ohtsubo, M. Sugawara, N. Yokoyama, and H. Ishikawa, "1.3-μm CW lasing of InGaAs-GaAs quantum dots at room temperature with a threshold current of 8 mA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1205-1207 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1993

R.E. Slusher, A.F.J. Levi, U. Mohideen, S.L. McCall, S.J. Pearton, and R.A. Logan, "Threshold characteristics of semiconductor microdisk lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63,1310-1312 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

G. Björk and Y. Yamamoto, "On the linewidth of microcavity lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 304-306 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

G. Björk and Y. Yamamoto, "Analysis of semiconductor microcavity lasers using rate equations," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35,2386-2396 (1991).

1990

D. D. Nolte, "Surface recombination, free-carrier saturation, and dangling bonds in InP and GaAs," Sol.-Stat. Electron. 33, 295-298 (1990).

1987

E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Akahane, Y.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425,944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Altug, H.

Asano, T.

K. Kounoike, M. Yamaguchi, M. Fujita, T. Asano, J. Nakanishi, and S. Noda, "Investigation of spontaneous emission from quantum dots embedded in two-dimensional photonic-crystal slab," Electron. Lett. 41, 1402-1403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425,944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Aspar, B.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP 2D photonic crystal microlasers on silicon wafer: room temperature operation at 1.55 μm," Electron. Lett. 37, 764-766 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Björk, G.

G. Björk and Y. Yamamoto, "On the linewidth of microcavity lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 304-306 (1992).
[CrossRef]

G. Björk and Y. Yamamoto, "Analysis of semiconductor microcavity lasers using rate equations," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35,2386-2396 (1991).

Chen, H.

T. Yoshie, O.B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D.G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, "Quantum dot photonic crystal lasers," Electron. Lett. 38,967-968 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chutinan, A.

S. Noda, A. Chutinan, and M. Imada, "Trapping and emission of photons by a single defect in a photonic bandgap structure," Nature 407,608-610 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dapkus, P. D.

O. Painter, R.K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J.D. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284,1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Deppe, D.G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H.M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O.B. Shchekin, and D.G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432,200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshie, O.B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D.G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, "Quantum dot photonic crystal lasers," Electron. Lett. 38,967-968 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ell, C.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H.M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O.B. Shchekin, and D.G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432,200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, M.

K. Kounoike, M. Yamaguchi, M. Fujita, T. Asano, J. Nakanishi, and S. Noda, "Investigation of spontaneous emission from quantum dots embedded in two-dimensional photonic-crystal slab," Electron. Lett. 41, 1402-1403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gendry, M.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP 2D photonic crystal microlasers on silicon wafer: room temperature operation at 1.55 μm," Electron. Lett. 37, 764-766 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gibbs, H.M.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H.M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O.B. Shchekin, and D.G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432,200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Han, I.-Y.

H.-Y. Ryu, J.-K. Hwang, D.-S. Song, I.-Y. Han, and Y.-H. Lee, "Effect of nonradiative recombination on light emitting properties of two-dimensional photonic crystal slab structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1174-1176 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J.-K. Hwang, H.-Y. Ryu, D.-S. Song, I.-Y. Han, H.-W. Song, H.-K. Park, and Y.-H. Lee, "Room-temperature triangular-lattice two-dimensional photonic band gap lasers operating at 1.54 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2982-2984 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hendrickson, J.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H.M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O.B. Shchekin, and D.G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432,200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hollinger, G.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP 2D photonic crystal microlasers on silicon wafer: room temperature operation at 1.55 μm," Electron. Lett. 37, 764-766 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hu, E.

L.Z. Zhang and E. Hu, "Lasing from InGaAs quantum dots in an injection microdisk," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82,319-321 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, J.-K.

H.-Y. Ryu, J.-K. Hwang, D.-S. Song, I.-Y. Han, and Y.-H. Lee, "Effect of nonradiative recombination on light emitting properties of two-dimensional photonic crystal slab structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1174-1176 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J.-K. Hwang, H.-Y. Ryu, D.-S. Song, I.-Y. Han, H.-W. Song, H.-K. Park, and Y.-H. Lee, "Room-temperature triangular-lattice two-dimensional photonic band gap lasers operating at 1.54 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2982-2984 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Imada, M.

S. Noda, A. Chutinan, and M. Imada, "Trapping and emission of photons by a single defect in a photonic bandgap structure," Nature 407,608-610 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, H.

K. Mukai, Y. Nakata, K. Ohtsubo, M. Sugawara, N. Yokoyama, and H. Ishikawa, "1.3-μm CW lasing of InGaAs-GaAs quantum dots at room temperature with a threshold current of 8 mA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1205-1207 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jalaguier, E.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP 2D photonic crystal microlasers on silicon wafer: room temperature operation at 1.55 μm," Electron. Lett. 37, 764-766 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Khitrova, G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H.M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O.B. Shchekin, and D.G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432,200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kounoike, K.

K. Kounoike, M. Yamaguchi, M. Fujita, T. Asano, J. Nakanishi, and S. Noda, "Investigation of spontaneous emission from quantum dots embedded in two-dimensional photonic-crystal slab," Electron. Lett. 41, 1402-1403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kuramoti, E.

H.Y. Ryu, M. Notomi, E. Kuramoti, and T. Segawa, "Large spontaneous emission factor (>0.1) in the photonic crystal monopole-mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1067-1069 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, R.K.

O. Painter, R.K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J.D. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284,1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y.-H.

H.-Y. Ryu, J.-K. Hwang, D.-S. Song, I.-Y. Han, and Y.-H. Lee, "Effect of nonradiative recombination on light emitting properties of two-dimensional photonic crystal slab structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1174-1176 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J.-K. Hwang, H.-Y. Ryu, D.-S. Song, I.-Y. Han, H.-W. Song, H.-K. Park, and Y.-H. Lee, "Room-temperature triangular-lattice two-dimensional photonic band gap lasers operating at 1.54 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2982-2984 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Letartre, X.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP 2D photonic crystal microlasers on silicon wafer: room temperature operation at 1.55 μm," Electron. Lett. 37, 764-766 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Levi, A.F.J.

R.E. Slusher, A.F.J. Levi, U. Mohideen, S.L. McCall, S.J. Pearton, and R.A. Logan, "Threshold characteristics of semiconductor microdisk lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63,1310-1312 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Logan, R.A.

R.E. Slusher, A.F.J. Levi, U. Mohideen, S.L. McCall, S.J. Pearton, and R.A. Logan, "Threshold characteristics of semiconductor microdisk lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63,1310-1312 (1993).
[CrossRef]

McCall, S.L.

R.E. Slusher, A.F.J. Levi, U. Mohideen, S.L. McCall, S.J. Pearton, and R.A. Logan, "Threshold characteristics of semiconductor microdisk lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63,1310-1312 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mohideen, U.

R.E. Slusher, A.F.J. Levi, U. Mohideen, S.L. McCall, S.J. Pearton, and R.A. Logan, "Threshold characteristics of semiconductor microdisk lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63,1310-1312 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Monat, C.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP 2D photonic crystal microlasers on silicon wafer: room temperature operation at 1.55 μm," Electron. Lett. 37, 764-766 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mukai, K.

K. Mukai, Y. Nakata, K. Ohtsubo, M. Sugawara, N. Yokoyama, and H. Ishikawa, "1.3-μm CW lasing of InGaAs-GaAs quantum dots at room temperature with a threshold current of 8 mA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1205-1207 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nakanishi, J.

K. Kounoike, M. Yamaguchi, M. Fujita, T. Asano, J. Nakanishi, and S. Noda, "Investigation of spontaneous emission from quantum dots embedded in two-dimensional photonic-crystal slab," Electron. Lett. 41, 1402-1403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakata, Y.

K. Mukai, Y. Nakata, K. Ohtsubo, M. Sugawara, N. Yokoyama, and H. Ishikawa, "1.3-μm CW lasing of InGaAs-GaAs quantum dots at room temperature with a threshold current of 8 mA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1205-1207 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Noda, S.

K. Kounoike, M. Yamaguchi, M. Fujita, T. Asano, J. Nakanishi, and S. Noda, "Investigation of spontaneous emission from quantum dots embedded in two-dimensional photonic-crystal slab," Electron. Lett. 41, 1402-1403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425,944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Noda, A. Chutinan, and M. Imada, "Trapping and emission of photons by a single defect in a photonic bandgap structure," Nature 407,608-610 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, D. D.

D. D. Nolte, "Surface recombination, free-carrier saturation, and dangling bonds in InP and GaAs," Sol.-Stat. Electron. 33, 295-298 (1990).

Notomi, M.

H.Y. Ryu, M. Notomi, E. Kuramoti, and T. Segawa, "Large spontaneous emission factor (>0.1) in the photonic crystal monopole-mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1067-1069 (2004).
[CrossRef]

O’Brien, J.D.

O. Painter, R.K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J.D. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284,1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsubo, K.

K. Mukai, Y. Nakata, K. Ohtsubo, M. Sugawara, N. Yokoyama, and H. Ishikawa, "1.3-μm CW lasing of InGaAs-GaAs quantum dots at room temperature with a threshold current of 8 mA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1205-1207 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Painter, O.

O. Painter, R.K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J.D. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284,1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Park, H.-K.

J.-K. Hwang, H.-Y. Ryu, D.-S. Song, I.-Y. Han, H.-W. Song, H.-K. Park, and Y.-H. Lee, "Room-temperature triangular-lattice two-dimensional photonic band gap lasers operating at 1.54 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2982-2984 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pearton, S.J.

R.E. Slusher, A.F.J. Levi, U. Mohideen, S.L. McCall, S.J. Pearton, and R.A. Logan, "Threshold characteristics of semiconductor microdisk lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63,1310-1312 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pocas, S.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP 2D photonic crystal microlasers on silicon wafer: room temperature operation at 1.55 μm," Electron. Lett. 37, 764-766 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Regreny, P.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP 2D photonic crystal microlasers on silicon wafer: room temperature operation at 1.55 μm," Electron. Lett. 37, 764-766 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rojo-Romeo, P.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP 2D photonic crystal microlasers on silicon wafer: room temperature operation at 1.55 μm," Electron. Lett. 37, 764-766 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rupper, G.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H.M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O.B. Shchekin, and D.G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432,200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ryu, H.Y.

H.Y. Ryu, M. Notomi, E. Kuramoti, and T. Segawa, "Large spontaneous emission factor (>0.1) in the photonic crystal monopole-mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1067-1069 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ryu, H.-Y.

H.-Y. Ryu, J.-K. Hwang, D.-S. Song, I.-Y. Han, and Y.-H. Lee, "Effect of nonradiative recombination on light emitting properties of two-dimensional photonic crystal slab structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1174-1176 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J.-K. Hwang, H.-Y. Ryu, D.-S. Song, I.-Y. Han, H.-W. Song, H.-K. Park, and Y.-H. Lee, "Room-temperature triangular-lattice two-dimensional photonic band gap lasers operating at 1.54 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2982-2984 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sakamoto, A.

A. Sakamoto and M. Sugawara, "Theoretical calculation of lasing spectra of quantum-dot lasers: Effect on homogeneous broadening of optical gain," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 107-109 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H.M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O.B. Shchekin, and D.G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432,200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshie, O.B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D.G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, "Quantum dot photonic crystal lasers," Electron. Lett. 38,967-968 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O. Painter, R.K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J.D. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284,1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Seassal, C.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP 2D photonic crystal microlasers on silicon wafer: room temperature operation at 1.55 μm," Electron. Lett. 37, 764-766 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Segawa, T.

H.Y. Ryu, M. Notomi, E. Kuramoti, and T. Segawa, "Large spontaneous emission factor (>0.1) in the photonic crystal monopole-mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1067-1069 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shchekin, O.B.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H.M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O.B. Shchekin, and D.G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432,200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshie, O.B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D.G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, "Quantum dot photonic crystal lasers," Electron. Lett. 38,967-968 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Slusher, R.E.

R.E. Slusher, A.F.J. Levi, U. Mohideen, S.L. McCall, S.J. Pearton, and R.A. Logan, "Threshold characteristics of semiconductor microdisk lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63,1310-1312 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Song, B.-S.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425,944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Song, D.-S.

H.-Y. Ryu, J.-K. Hwang, D.-S. Song, I.-Y. Han, and Y.-H. Lee, "Effect of nonradiative recombination on light emitting properties of two-dimensional photonic crystal slab structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1174-1176 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J.-K. Hwang, H.-Y. Ryu, D.-S. Song, I.-Y. Han, H.-W. Song, H.-K. Park, and Y.-H. Lee, "Room-temperature triangular-lattice two-dimensional photonic band gap lasers operating at 1.54 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2982-2984 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Song, H.-W.

J.-K. Hwang, H.-Y. Ryu, D.-S. Song, I.-Y. Han, H.-W. Song, H.-K. Park, and Y.-H. Lee, "Room-temperature triangular-lattice two-dimensional photonic band gap lasers operating at 1.54 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2982-2984 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sugawara, M.

A. Sakamoto and M. Sugawara, "Theoretical calculation of lasing spectra of quantum-dot lasers: Effect on homogeneous broadening of optical gain," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 107-109 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Mukai, Y. Nakata, K. Ohtsubo, M. Sugawara, N. Yokoyama, and H. Ishikawa, "1.3-μm CW lasing of InGaAs-GaAs quantum dots at room temperature with a threshold current of 8 mA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1205-1207 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Viktorovitch, P.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP 2D photonic crystal microlasers on silicon wafer: room temperature operation at 1.55 μm," Electron. Lett. 37, 764-766 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vuèkoviæ, J.

Yablonovitch, E.

E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, M.

K. Kounoike, M. Yamaguchi, M. Fujita, T. Asano, J. Nakanishi, and S. Noda, "Investigation of spontaneous emission from quantum dots embedded in two-dimensional photonic-crystal slab," Electron. Lett. 41, 1402-1403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

G. Björk and Y. Yamamoto, "On the linewidth of microcavity lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 304-306 (1992).
[CrossRef]

G. Björk and Y. Yamamoto, "Analysis of semiconductor microcavity lasers using rate equations," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35,2386-2396 (1991).

Yariv, A.

O. Painter, R.K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J.D. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284,1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yokoyama, N.

K. Mukai, Y. Nakata, K. Ohtsubo, M. Sugawara, N. Yokoyama, and H. Ishikawa, "1.3-μm CW lasing of InGaAs-GaAs quantum dots at room temperature with a threshold current of 8 mA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1205-1207 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yoshie, T.

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H.M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O.B. Shchekin, and D.G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432,200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshie, O.B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D.G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, "Quantum dot photonic crystal lasers," Electron. Lett. 38,967-968 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.Z.

L.Z. Zhang and E. Hu, "Lasing from InGaAs quantum dots in an injection microdisk," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82,319-321 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R.E. Slusher, A.F.J. Levi, U. Mohideen, S.L. McCall, S.J. Pearton, and R.A. Logan, "Threshold characteristics of semiconductor microdisk lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63,1310-1312 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L.Z. Zhang and E. Hu, "Lasing from InGaAs quantum dots in an injection microdisk," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82,319-321 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H.Y. Ryu, M. Notomi, E. Kuramoti, and T. Segawa, "Large spontaneous emission factor (>0.1) in the photonic crystal monopole-mode laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1067-1069 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Björk and Y. Yamamoto, "On the linewidth of microcavity lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 60, 304-306 (1992).
[CrossRef]

H.-Y. Ryu, J.-K. Hwang, D.-S. Song, I.-Y. Han, and Y.-H. Lee, "Effect of nonradiative recombination on light emitting properties of two-dimensional photonic crystal slab structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1174-1176 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J.-K. Hwang, H.-Y. Ryu, D.-S. Song, I.-Y. Han, H.-W. Song, H.-K. Park, and Y.-H. Lee, "Room-temperature triangular-lattice two-dimensional photonic band gap lasers operating at 1.54 μm," Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2982-2984 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "InP 2D photonic crystal microlasers on silicon wafer: room temperature operation at 1.55 μm," Electron. Lett. 37, 764-766 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Kounoike, M. Yamaguchi, M. Fujita, T. Asano, J. Nakanishi, and S. Noda, "Investigation of spontaneous emission from quantum dots embedded in two-dimensional photonic-crystal slab," Electron. Lett. 41, 1402-1403 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshie, O.B. Shchekin, H. Chen, D.G. Deppe, and A. Scherer, "Quantum dot photonic crystal lasers," Electron. Lett. 38,967-968 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

G. Björk and Y. Yamamoto, "Analysis of semiconductor microcavity lasers using rate equations," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35,2386-2396 (1991).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

A. Sakamoto and M. Sugawara, "Theoretical calculation of lasing spectra of quantum-dot lasers: Effect on homogeneous broadening of optical gain," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 107-109 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Mukai, Y. Nakata, K. Ohtsubo, M. Sugawara, N. Yokoyama, and H. Ishikawa, "1.3-μm CW lasing of InGaAs-GaAs quantum dots at room temperature with a threshold current of 8 mA," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1205-1207 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nature

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B.-S. Song, and S. Noda, "High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal," Nature 425,944-947 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Yoshie, A. Scherer, J. Hendrickson, G. Khitrova, H.M. Gibbs, G. Rupper, C. Ell, O.B. Shchekin, and D.G. Deppe, "Vacuum Rabi splitting with a single quantum dot in a photonic crystal nanocavity," Nature 432,200-203 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Noda, A. Chutinan, and M. Imada, "Trapping and emission of photons by a single defect in a photonic bandgap structure," Nature 407,608-610 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Phys. Rev. Lett.

E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Science

O. Painter, R.K. Lee, A. Scherer, A. Yariv, J.D. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, "Two-dimensional photonic band-gap defect mode laser," Science 284,1819-1821 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stat. Electron.

D. D. Nolte, "Surface recombination, free-carrier saturation, and dangling bonds in InP and GaAs," Sol.-Stat. Electron. 33, 295-298 (1990).

Other

M. Bayer and A. Forchel, "Temperature dependence of the exciton homogeneous linewidth in In0.60Ga0.40As/GaAs self-assembled quantum dots," Phys. Rev. B 65, 041308-1-041308-4 (2002).

W.-H. Chang, W.-Y. Chen, H.-S. Chang, T.-P. Hsieh, J.-I. Chyi, and T.-M. Hsu, "Efficient single-photon sources based on low-density quantum dots in photonic-crystal nanocavities," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 117401-1-117401-4 (2006).

S. Strauf, K. Hennessy, M.T. Rakher, Y.-S. Choi, A. Badolato, L.C. Andreani, E.L. Hu, P.M. Petroff, and D. Bouwmeester, "Self-tuned quantum dot gain in photonic crystal lasers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 127404-1-127404-4 (2006).

M. Nomura, S. Iwamoto, T. Nakaoka, S. Ishida, and Y. Arakawa, "Localized excitation of InGaAs quantum dots by utilizing a photonic crystal nanocavity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 141108-1-141108-3 (2006).

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