Abstract

A chirality of surface plasmons excited on a silver film with Archimedes’ spiral grooves during incidence of a circularly polarized light is analytically and numerically studied by using the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) modeling method. We found that the surface of a plasmon has selective chirality, which is given by the sum of the chiralities of the incident light and the spiral structure. The surface plasmons with the chirality lead to zero-order, first-order, and high-order evanescent Bessel beams with electric charge distributions on the film. This selectivity could be widely applied for chiral detection of the incident light and chiral excitation of several optical modes in nanophotonics.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. S. Soskin, V. N. Gorshkov, M. V. Vasnetsov, J. T. Malos, and N. R. Heckenberg, "Topological charge and angular momentum of light beams carrying optical vortices," Phys. Rev. A 56, 4064-4075 (1997).
  2. L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, "Orbital angular momentum of light and the transfer of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes," Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185-8189 (1992).
  3. A. T. O’Neil, I. MacVicar, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, "Intrinsic and extrinsic nature of the orbital angular momentum of a light beam," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 053601 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, Jr., and J. H. Eberly, "Diffraction-free beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499-1501 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. C. J. R. Sheppard, "High-aperture beams," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18, 1579-1587 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Ruschin and A. Leizer, "Evanescent Bessel beams," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 1139-1143 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Kano, S. Mizuguchi, and S. Kawata, "Excitation of surface-plasmon polaritons by a focused laser beam," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1381-1386 (1998).
  8. A. Papakostas, A. Potts, D. M. Bagnall, S. L. Prosvirnin, H. J. Coles, and N. I. Zheludev, "Optical manifestations of planar chirality," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 107404 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, "Giant optical activity in quasi-two-dimensional planar nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95,227401 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. V. Krasavin, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, M. Reichelt, T. Stroucken, S. W. Koch, and E. M. Wright, "Polarization conversion and ‘focusing’ of light propagating through a small chiral hole in a metallic screen," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 201105 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. V. Krasavin, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, "Extraordinary properties of light transmission through a small chiral hole in a metallic screen," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.  8, S98-S105 (2006).
  12. W. L. Barnes, A Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. J. Lezec and T. Thio, "Diffracted evanescent wave model for enhanced and suppressed optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Opt. Express 12, 3629-3651 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. A. Agrawal, H. Cao, and A. Nahata, "Time-domain analysis of enhanced transmission through a single subwavelength aperture," Opt. Express 13, 3535-3542 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. I. Stockman, "Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 137404 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A.G. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nat. Mater. 2, 229-232 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

A. V. Krasavin, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, "Extraordinary properties of light transmission through a small chiral hole in a metallic screen," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.  8, S98-S105 (2006).

2005 (3)

A. Agrawal, H. Cao, and A. Nahata, "Time-domain analysis of enhanced transmission through a single subwavelength aperture," Opt. Express 13, 3535-3542 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, "Giant optical activity in quasi-two-dimensional planar nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95,227401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Krasavin, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, M. Reichelt, T. Stroucken, S. W. Koch, and E. M. Wright, "Polarization conversion and ‘focusing’ of light propagating through a small chiral hole in a metallic screen," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 201105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

2003 (3)

A. Papakostas, A. Potts, D. M. Bagnall, S. L. Prosvirnin, H. J. Coles, and N. I. Zheludev, "Optical manifestations of planar chirality," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 107404 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, A Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A.G. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nat. Mater. 2, 229-232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

A. T. O’Neil, I. MacVicar, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, "Intrinsic and extrinsic nature of the orbital angular momentum of a light beam," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 053601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

1998 (3)

1997 (1)

M. S. Soskin, V. N. Gorshkov, M. V. Vasnetsov, J. T. Malos, and N. R. Heckenberg, "Topological charge and angular momentum of light beams carrying optical vortices," Phys. Rev. A 56, 4064-4075 (1997).

1992 (1)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, "Orbital angular momentum of light and the transfer of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes," Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185-8189 (1992).

1987 (1)

J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, Jr., and J. H. Eberly, "Diffraction-free beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499-1501 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Agrawal, A.

Allen, L.

A. T. O’Neil, I. MacVicar, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, "Intrinsic and extrinsic nature of the orbital angular momentum of a light beam," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 053601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, "Orbital angular momentum of light and the transfer of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes," Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185-8189 (1992).

Atwater, H. A.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A.G. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nat. Mater. 2, 229-232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bagnall, D. M.

A. Papakostas, A. Potts, D. M. Bagnall, S. L. Prosvirnin, H. J. Coles, and N. I. Zheludev, "Optical manifestations of planar chirality," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 107404 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beijersbergen, M. W.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, "Orbital angular momentum of light and the transfer of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes," Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185-8189 (1992).

Cao, H.

Coles, H. J.

A. Papakostas, A. Potts, D. M. Bagnall, S. L. Prosvirnin, H. J. Coles, and N. I. Zheludev, "Optical manifestations of planar chirality," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 107404 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dereux, A

W. L. Barnes, A Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Durnin, J.

J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, Jr., and J. H. Eberly, "Diffraction-free beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499-1501 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eberly, J. H.

J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, Jr., and J. H. Eberly, "Diffraction-free beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499-1501 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gorshkov, V. N.

M. S. Soskin, V. N. Gorshkov, M. V. Vasnetsov, J. T. Malos, and N. R. Heckenberg, "Topological charge and angular momentum of light beams carrying optical vortices," Phys. Rev. A 56, 4064-4075 (1997).

Harel, E.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A.G. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nat. Mater. 2, 229-232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Heckenberg, N. R.

M. S. Soskin, V. N. Gorshkov, M. V. Vasnetsov, J. T. Malos, and N. R. Heckenberg, "Topological charge and angular momentum of light beams carrying optical vortices," Phys. Rev. A 56, 4064-4075 (1997).

Ino, Y.

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, "Giant optical activity in quasi-two-dimensional planar nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95,227401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jefimovs, K.

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, "Giant optical activity in quasi-two-dimensional planar nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95,227401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kano, H.

Kauranen, M.

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, "Giant optical activity in quasi-two-dimensional planar nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95,227401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawata, S.

Kik, P. G.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A.G. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nat. Mater. 2, 229-232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Koch, S. W.

A. V. Krasavin, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, M. Reichelt, T. Stroucken, S. W. Koch, and E. M. Wright, "Polarization conversion and ‘focusing’ of light propagating through a small chiral hole in a metallic screen," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 201105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Koel, B. E.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A.G. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nat. Mater. 2, 229-232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Krasavin, A. V.

A. V. Krasavin, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, "Extraordinary properties of light transmission through a small chiral hole in a metallic screen," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.  8, S98-S105 (2006).

A. V. Krasavin, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, M. Reichelt, T. Stroucken, S. W. Koch, and E. M. Wright, "Polarization conversion and ‘focusing’ of light propagating through a small chiral hole in a metallic screen," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 201105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kuwata-Gonokami, M.

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, "Giant optical activity in quasi-two-dimensional planar nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95,227401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leizer, A.

Lezec, H. J.

H. J. Lezec and T. Thio, "Diffracted evanescent wave model for enhanced and suppressed optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Opt. Express 12, 3629-3651 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

MacVicar, I.

A. T. O’Neil, I. MacVicar, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, "Intrinsic and extrinsic nature of the orbital angular momentum of a light beam," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 053601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maier, S. A.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A.G. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nat. Mater. 2, 229-232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Malos, J. T.

M. S. Soskin, V. N. Gorshkov, M. V. Vasnetsov, J. T. Malos, and N. R. Heckenberg, "Topological charge and angular momentum of light beams carrying optical vortices," Phys. Rev. A 56, 4064-4075 (1997).

Meltzer, S.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A.G. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nat. Mater. 2, 229-232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Miceli, J. J.

J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, Jr., and J. H. Eberly, "Diffraction-free beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499-1501 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mizuguchi, S.

Nahata, A.

O’Neil, A. T.

A. T. O’Neil, I. MacVicar, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, "Intrinsic and extrinsic nature of the orbital angular momentum of a light beam," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 053601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Padgett, M. J.

A. T. O’Neil, I. MacVicar, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, "Intrinsic and extrinsic nature of the orbital angular momentum of a light beam," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 053601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Papakostas, A.

A. Papakostas, A. Potts, D. M. Bagnall, S. L. Prosvirnin, H. J. Coles, and N. I. Zheludev, "Optical manifestations of planar chirality," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 107404 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Potts, A.

A. Papakostas, A. Potts, D. M. Bagnall, S. L. Prosvirnin, H. J. Coles, and N. I. Zheludev, "Optical manifestations of planar chirality," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 107404 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prosvirnin, S. L.

A. Papakostas, A. Potts, D. M. Bagnall, S. L. Prosvirnin, H. J. Coles, and N. I. Zheludev, "Optical manifestations of planar chirality," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 107404 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reichelt, M.

A. V. Krasavin, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, M. Reichelt, T. Stroucken, S. W. Koch, and E. M. Wright, "Polarization conversion and ‘focusing’ of light propagating through a small chiral hole in a metallic screen," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 201105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Requicha, A. A.G.

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A.G. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nat. Mater. 2, 229-232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ruschin, S.

Saito, N.

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, "Giant optical activity in quasi-two-dimensional planar nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95,227401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schwanecke, A. S.

A. V. Krasavin, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, "Extraordinary properties of light transmission through a small chiral hole in a metallic screen," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.  8, S98-S105 (2006).

A. V. Krasavin, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, M. Reichelt, T. Stroucken, S. W. Koch, and E. M. Wright, "Polarization conversion and ‘focusing’ of light propagating through a small chiral hole in a metallic screen," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 201105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sheppard, C. J. R.

Soskin, M. S.

M. S. Soskin, V. N. Gorshkov, M. V. Vasnetsov, J. T. Malos, and N. R. Heckenberg, "Topological charge and angular momentum of light beams carrying optical vortices," Phys. Rev. A 56, 4064-4075 (1997).

Spreeuw, R. J. C.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, "Orbital angular momentum of light and the transfer of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes," Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185-8189 (1992).

Stockman, M. I.

M. I. Stockman, "Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 137404 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stroucken, T.

A. V. Krasavin, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, M. Reichelt, T. Stroucken, S. W. Koch, and E. M. Wright, "Polarization conversion and ‘focusing’ of light propagating through a small chiral hole in a metallic screen," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 201105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Svirko, Y.

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, "Giant optical activity in quasi-two-dimensional planar nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95,227401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thio, T.

H. J. Lezec and T. Thio, "Diffracted evanescent wave model for enhanced and suppressed optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays," Opt. Express 12, 3629-3651 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Turunen, J.

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, "Giant optical activity in quasi-two-dimensional planar nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95,227401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vallius, T.

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, "Giant optical activity in quasi-two-dimensional planar nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95,227401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vasnetsov, M. V.

M. S. Soskin, V. N. Gorshkov, M. V. Vasnetsov, J. T. Malos, and N. R. Heckenberg, "Topological charge and angular momentum of light beams carrying optical vortices," Phys. Rev. A 56, 4064-4075 (1997).

Woerdman, J. P.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, "Orbital angular momentum of light and the transfer of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes," Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185-8189 (1992).

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wright, E. M.

A. V. Krasavin, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, M. Reichelt, T. Stroucken, S. W. Koch, and E. M. Wright, "Polarization conversion and ‘focusing’ of light propagating through a small chiral hole in a metallic screen," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 201105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zheludev, N. I.

A. V. Krasavin, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, "Extraordinary properties of light transmission through a small chiral hole in a metallic screen," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.  8, S98-S105 (2006).

A. V. Krasavin, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, M. Reichelt, T. Stroucken, S. W. Koch, and E. M. Wright, "Polarization conversion and ‘focusing’ of light propagating through a small chiral hole in a metallic screen," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 201105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Papakostas, A. Potts, D. M. Bagnall, S. L. Prosvirnin, H. J. Coles, and N. I. Zheludev, "Optical manifestations of planar chirality," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 107404 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. V. Krasavin, A. S. Schwanecke, N. I. Zheludev, M. Reichelt, T. Stroucken, S. W. Koch, and E. M. Wright, "Polarization conversion and ‘focusing’ of light propagating through a small chiral hole in a metallic screen," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 201105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, (1)

A. V. Krasavin, A. S. Schwanecke, and N. I. Zheludev, "Extraordinary properties of light transmission through a small chiral hole in a metallic screen," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.  8, S98-S105 (2006).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Mater. (1)

S. A. Maier, P. G. Kik, H. A. Atwater, S. Meltzer, E. Harel, B. E. Koel, and A. A.G. Requicha, "Local detection of electromagnetic energy transport below the diffraction limit in metal nanoparticle plasmon waveguides," Nat. Mater. 2, 229-232 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

W. L. Barnes, A Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

M. S. Soskin, V. N. Gorshkov, M. V. Vasnetsov, J. T. Malos, and N. R. Heckenberg, "Topological charge and angular momentum of light beams carrying optical vortices," Phys. Rev. A 56, 4064-4075 (1997).

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, "Orbital angular momentum of light and the transfer of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes," Phys. Rev. A 45, 8185-8189 (1992).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

A. T. O’Neil, I. MacVicar, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, "Intrinsic and extrinsic nature of the orbital angular momentum of a light beam," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 053601 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Durnin, J. J. Miceli, Jr., and J. H. Eberly, "Diffraction-free beams," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1499-1501 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Papakostas, A. Potts, D. M. Bagnall, S. L. Prosvirnin, H. J. Coles, and N. I. Zheludev, "Optical manifestations of planar chirality," Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 107404 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kuwata-Gonokami, N. Saito, Y. Ino, M. Kauranen, K. Jefimovs, T. Vallius, J. Turunen, and Y. Svirko, "Giant optical activity in quasi-two-dimensional planar nanostructures," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95,227401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. I. Stockman, "Nanofocusing of optical energy in tapered plasmonic waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 137404 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of second azimuthal variation anticlockwise spiral grooves on a metal film.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Phases (a, c, e, g) and normalized absolute (b, d, f, h) of electric fields normal to the film Ez on screen A, which is 62.5 nm above the film. Scales: 4.0 µm by 4.0 µm. Linear contrast from black to white: -π to π for the phase; 0 to maximum for the strength of the field. Arrows in the figures: rotational direction of the phases. Left column: clockwise incident light. Right column: anticlockwise incident light. Top row: anticlockwise two-fold spiral grooves. Bottom row: anticlockwise four-fold spiral grooves. half infinite thick

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Envelopes of |Ez| on the x-axis (solid diamond: σs =-2, σi =+1; open diamond: σs =-2, σi =-1; solid triangle: σs =-4, σi =+1; open triangle: σs =-4, σi =-1) and first-, third-, and fifth-order evanescent Bessel beams defined as absolute of Eq. (7) (solid curves) as a function of kspr. The amplitudes are normalized by the first lobe of the solid diamonds and the curve of n=1.

Equations (10)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

U n ( r , ϕ , z ) = exp ( i n ϕ ) J n ( k r r ) exp ( i k z z )
k r 2 + k z 2 = ε k 0 2 ,
r = c + σ s g ϕ 2 π ,
Re ( k sp ) = 2 π g + k 0 sin θ
E i ( r , ϕ ) = exp ( i ω t ) · exp ( i σ i ϕ ) .
E sp ( r , ϕ ) = exp ( i ω t ) · exp ( i σ i ϕ ) · exp ( i k sp r i k 0 r sin θ ) .
Φ sp ( r , ϕ ) = ( σ i + σ s ) ϕ = σ sp ϕ ,
E z ( r , ϕ , z ) = exp ( i n ϕ ) J n ( k sp r ) exp ( i k z z )
n = σ sp ,
g = 2 π Re ( k sp ) = Re ( ε + 1 ε ) · λ 0 .

Metrics