Abstract

High-power and widely tunable Tm-doped silica fibre lasers cladding-pumped and core-pumped by a 1565 nm Er,Yb fibre laser are reported. Output power up to 19.2W was generated from the cladding-pumped cavity configuration for ~38.2W of launched pump power and with slope efficiency up to ~72% with respect to absorbed pump power. Wavelength tuning was realized by use of an external cavity containing a diffraction grating. A maximum output power of 17.4 W at 1941 nm was generated for 38.2 W of launched pump power and the operating wavelength could be tuned over 202 nm from 1859 to 2061 nm. In the core-pumped configuration, a maximum output power of 12.1 W was generated at 1851 nm for 23.1 W absorbed pump power using a simple free-running cavity configuration with only ~24 cm of Tm-doped fibre. By employing a tunable cavity configuration, the operating wavelength of the core-pumped Tm:fibre laser could be tuned over 250 nm from 1723–1973 nm at multi-watt power levels.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, A. B. Grudinin, and D. C. Hanna, "Efficient cladding-pumped tm-doped silica fibre laser with high power single mode output at 2μm," Electron. Lett. 36, 711-712 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. D. Jackson and S. Mossman, "Efficiency dependence on the Tm3+ and Al3+ concentrations for Tm3+-doped silica double-clad fiber laser," Appl. Opt. 42, 2702-2707 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. Frith, D.G. Lancaster, and S.D. Jackson, "85W Tm3+-doped silica fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 41, 687-688 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Jeong, P. Dupriez, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, D.Y. Shen, W. A. Clarkson, and S. D. Jackson, "Power scaling of 2 μm ytterbium-sensitized thulium-doped silica fibre laser diode-pumped at 975nm," Electron. Lett. 41, 173-174 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. W. A. Clarkson, N. P. Barnes, P. W. Turner, J. Nillson, and D. C. Hanna, "High-power cladding-pumped Tm-doped silica fiber laser with wavelength tuning from 1860 to 2090nm," Opt. Lett. 27, 1989-1991 (2002)
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Yamamoto, Y. Miyajima, and T. Komukai, "1.9μm Tm-doped silica fibre laser pumped at 1.57μm," Electron. Lett. 30, 220-221 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, C. P. Seltzer, S. D. Perrin, S. T. Davey, and M. Louka, "A 1.6-μm pumped 1.9-μm thulium-doped fluoride fiber laser and amplifier of very high efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 489-493 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. A. Clarkson, D. Y. Shen, P. Wang, L. J. Cooper, J. Nilsson, and J. K. Sahu, "Power scaling of cladding-pumped Er,Yb-doped fiber lasers at 1.5 µm," in Lasers and Applications, K. M. Abramski, A. Lapucci, and E. F. Plinski eds., Proc. SPIE 5958, 167-176 (2005).

2005 (3)

G. Frith, D.G. Lancaster, and S.D. Jackson, "85W Tm3+-doped silica fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 41, 687-688 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, P. Dupriez, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, D.Y. Shen, W. A. Clarkson, and S. D. Jackson, "Power scaling of 2 μm ytterbium-sensitized thulium-doped silica fibre laser diode-pumped at 975nm," Electron. Lett. 41, 173-174 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Clarkson, D. Y. Shen, P. Wang, L. J. Cooper, J. Nilsson, and J. K. Sahu, "Power scaling of cladding-pumped Er,Yb-doped fiber lasers at 1.5 µm," in Lasers and Applications, K. M. Abramski, A. Lapucci, and E. F. Plinski eds., Proc. SPIE 5958, 167-176 (2005).

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

R. A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, A. B. Grudinin, and D. C. Hanna, "Efficient cladding-pumped tm-doped silica fibre laser with high power single mode output at 2μm," Electron. Lett. 36, 711-712 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, C. P. Seltzer, S. D. Perrin, S. T. Davey, and M. Louka, "A 1.6-μm pumped 1.9-μm thulium-doped fluoride fiber laser and amplifier of very high efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 489-493 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

T. Yamamoto, Y. Miyajima, and T. Komukai, "1.9μm Tm-doped silica fibre laser pumped at 1.57μm," Electron. Lett. 30, 220-221 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, N. P.

Clarkson, W. A.

Y. Jeong, P. Dupriez, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, D.Y. Shen, W. A. Clarkson, and S. D. Jackson, "Power scaling of 2 μm ytterbium-sensitized thulium-doped silica fibre laser diode-pumped at 975nm," Electron. Lett. 41, 173-174 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Clarkson, D. Y. Shen, P. Wang, L. J. Cooper, J. Nilsson, and J. K. Sahu, "Power scaling of cladding-pumped Er,Yb-doped fiber lasers at 1.5 µm," in Lasers and Applications, K. M. Abramski, A. Lapucci, and E. F. Plinski eds., Proc. SPIE 5958, 167-176 (2005).

W. A. Clarkson, N. P. Barnes, P. W. Turner, J. Nillson, and D. C. Hanna, "High-power cladding-pumped Tm-doped silica fiber laser with wavelength tuning from 1860 to 2090nm," Opt. Lett. 27, 1989-1991 (2002)
[CrossRef]

R. A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, A. B. Grudinin, and D. C. Hanna, "Efficient cladding-pumped tm-doped silica fibre laser with high power single mode output at 2μm," Electron. Lett. 36, 711-712 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cooper, L. J.

W. A. Clarkson, D. Y. Shen, P. Wang, L. J. Cooper, J. Nilsson, and J. K. Sahu, "Power scaling of cladding-pumped Er,Yb-doped fiber lasers at 1.5 µm," in Lasers and Applications, K. M. Abramski, A. Lapucci, and E. F. Plinski eds., Proc. SPIE 5958, 167-176 (2005).

Davey, S. T.

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, C. P. Seltzer, S. D. Perrin, S. T. Davey, and M. Louka, "A 1.6-μm pumped 1.9-μm thulium-doped fluoride fiber laser and amplifier of very high efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 489-493 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dupriez, P.

Y. Jeong, P. Dupriez, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, D.Y. Shen, W. A. Clarkson, and S. D. Jackson, "Power scaling of 2 μm ytterbium-sensitized thulium-doped silica fibre laser diode-pumped at 975nm," Electron. Lett. 41, 173-174 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Frith, G.

G. Frith, D.G. Lancaster, and S.D. Jackson, "85W Tm3+-doped silica fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 41, 687-688 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Grudinin, A. B.

R. A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, A. B. Grudinin, and D. C. Hanna, "Efficient cladding-pumped tm-doped silica fibre laser with high power single mode output at 2μm," Electron. Lett. 36, 711-712 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

W. A. Clarkson, N. P. Barnes, P. W. Turner, J. Nillson, and D. C. Hanna, "High-power cladding-pumped Tm-doped silica fiber laser with wavelength tuning from 1860 to 2090nm," Opt. Lett. 27, 1989-1991 (2002)
[CrossRef]

R. A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, A. B. Grudinin, and D. C. Hanna, "Efficient cladding-pumped tm-doped silica fibre laser with high power single mode output at 2μm," Electron. Lett. 36, 711-712 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hayward, R. A.

R. A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, A. B. Grudinin, and D. C. Hanna, "Efficient cladding-pumped tm-doped silica fibre laser with high power single mode output at 2μm," Electron. Lett. 36, 711-712 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, S. D.

Y. Jeong, P. Dupriez, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, D.Y. Shen, W. A. Clarkson, and S. D. Jackson, "Power scaling of 2 μm ytterbium-sensitized thulium-doped silica fibre laser diode-pumped at 975nm," Electron. Lett. 41, 173-174 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. D. Jackson and S. Mossman, "Efficiency dependence on the Tm3+ and Al3+ concentrations for Tm3+-doped silica double-clad fiber laser," Appl. Opt. 42, 2702-2707 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jackson, S.D.

G. Frith, D.G. Lancaster, and S.D. Jackson, "85W Tm3+-doped silica fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 41, 687-688 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, Y.

Y. Jeong, P. Dupriez, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, D.Y. Shen, W. A. Clarkson, and S. D. Jackson, "Power scaling of 2 μm ytterbium-sensitized thulium-doped silica fibre laser diode-pumped at 975nm," Electron. Lett. 41, 173-174 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Komukai, T.

T. Yamamoto, Y. Miyajima, and T. Komukai, "1.9μm Tm-doped silica fibre laser pumped at 1.57μm," Electron. Lett. 30, 220-221 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lancaster, D.G.

G. Frith, D.G. Lancaster, and S.D. Jackson, "85W Tm3+-doped silica fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 41, 687-688 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Louka, M.

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, C. P. Seltzer, S. D. Perrin, S. T. Davey, and M. Louka, "A 1.6-μm pumped 1.9-μm thulium-doped fluoride fiber laser and amplifier of very high efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 489-493 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Miyajima, Y.

T. Yamamoto, Y. Miyajima, and T. Komukai, "1.9μm Tm-doped silica fibre laser pumped at 1.57μm," Electron. Lett. 30, 220-221 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mossman, S.

Nillson, J.

Nilsson, J.

Y. Jeong, P. Dupriez, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, D.Y. Shen, W. A. Clarkson, and S. D. Jackson, "Power scaling of 2 μm ytterbium-sensitized thulium-doped silica fibre laser diode-pumped at 975nm," Electron. Lett. 41, 173-174 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Clarkson, D. Y. Shen, P. Wang, L. J. Cooper, J. Nilsson, and J. K. Sahu, "Power scaling of cladding-pumped Er,Yb-doped fiber lasers at 1.5 µm," in Lasers and Applications, K. M. Abramski, A. Lapucci, and E. F. Plinski eds., Proc. SPIE 5958, 167-176 (2005).

R. A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, A. B. Grudinin, and D. C. Hanna, "Efficient cladding-pumped tm-doped silica fibre laser with high power single mode output at 2μm," Electron. Lett. 36, 711-712 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Percival, R. M.

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, C. P. Seltzer, S. D. Perrin, S. T. Davey, and M. Louka, "A 1.6-μm pumped 1.9-μm thulium-doped fluoride fiber laser and amplifier of very high efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 489-493 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Perrin, S. D.

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, C. P. Seltzer, S. D. Perrin, S. T. Davey, and M. Louka, "A 1.6-μm pumped 1.9-μm thulium-doped fluoride fiber laser and amplifier of very high efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 489-493 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

W. A. Clarkson, D. Y. Shen, P. Wang, L. J. Cooper, J. Nilsson, and J. K. Sahu, "Power scaling of cladding-pumped Er,Yb-doped fiber lasers at 1.5 µm," in Lasers and Applications, K. M. Abramski, A. Lapucci, and E. F. Plinski eds., Proc. SPIE 5958, 167-176 (2005).

Y. Jeong, P. Dupriez, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, D.Y. Shen, W. A. Clarkson, and S. D. Jackson, "Power scaling of 2 μm ytterbium-sensitized thulium-doped silica fibre laser diode-pumped at 975nm," Electron. Lett. 41, 173-174 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Seltzer, C. P.

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, C. P. Seltzer, S. D. Perrin, S. T. Davey, and M. Louka, "A 1.6-μm pumped 1.9-μm thulium-doped fluoride fiber laser and amplifier of very high efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 489-493 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shen, D. Y.

W. A. Clarkson, D. Y. Shen, P. Wang, L. J. Cooper, J. Nilsson, and J. K. Sahu, "Power scaling of cladding-pumped Er,Yb-doped fiber lasers at 1.5 µm," in Lasers and Applications, K. M. Abramski, A. Lapucci, and E. F. Plinski eds., Proc. SPIE 5958, 167-176 (2005).

Shen, D.Y.

Y. Jeong, P. Dupriez, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, D.Y. Shen, W. A. Clarkson, and S. D. Jackson, "Power scaling of 2 μm ytterbium-sensitized thulium-doped silica fibre laser diode-pumped at 975nm," Electron. Lett. 41, 173-174 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Szebesta, D.

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, C. P. Seltzer, S. D. Perrin, S. T. Davey, and M. Louka, "A 1.6-μm pumped 1.9-μm thulium-doped fluoride fiber laser and amplifier of very high efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 489-493 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Turner, P. W.

W. A. Clarkson, N. P. Barnes, P. W. Turner, J. Nillson, and D. C. Hanna, "High-power cladding-pumped Tm-doped silica fiber laser with wavelength tuning from 1860 to 2090nm," Opt. Lett. 27, 1989-1991 (2002)
[CrossRef]

R. A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, A. B. Grudinin, and D. C. Hanna, "Efficient cladding-pumped tm-doped silica fibre laser with high power single mode output at 2μm," Electron. Lett. 36, 711-712 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

W. A. Clarkson, D. Y. Shen, P. Wang, L. J. Cooper, J. Nilsson, and J. K. Sahu, "Power scaling of cladding-pumped Er,Yb-doped fiber lasers at 1.5 µm," in Lasers and Applications, K. M. Abramski, A. Lapucci, and E. F. Plinski eds., Proc. SPIE 5958, 167-176 (2005).

Yamamoto, T.

T. Yamamoto, Y. Miyajima, and T. Komukai, "1.9μm Tm-doped silica fibre laser pumped at 1.57μm," Electron. Lett. 30, 220-221 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (4)

G. Frith, D.G. Lancaster, and S.D. Jackson, "85W Tm3+-doped silica fibre laser," Electron. Lett. 41, 687-688 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, P. Dupriez, J. K. Sahu, J. Nilsson, D.Y. Shen, W. A. Clarkson, and S. D. Jackson, "Power scaling of 2 μm ytterbium-sensitized thulium-doped silica fibre laser diode-pumped at 975nm," Electron. Lett. 41, 173-174 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Yamamoto, Y. Miyajima, and T. Komukai, "1.9μm Tm-doped silica fibre laser pumped at 1.57μm," Electron. Lett. 30, 220-221 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, P. W. Turner, J. Nilsson, A. B. Grudinin, and D. C. Hanna, "Efficient cladding-pumped tm-doped silica fibre laser with high power single mode output at 2μm," Electron. Lett. 36, 711-712 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. M. Percival, D. Szebesta, C. P. Seltzer, S. D. Perrin, S. T. Davey, and M. Louka, "A 1.6-μm pumped 1.9-μm thulium-doped fluoride fiber laser and amplifier of very high efficiency," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 489-493 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

W. A. Clarkson, D. Y. Shen, P. Wang, L. J. Cooper, J. Nilsson, and J. K. Sahu, "Power scaling of cladding-pumped Er,Yb-doped fiber lasers at 1.5 µm," in Lasers and Applications, K. M. Abramski, A. Lapucci, and E. F. Plinski eds., Proc. SPIE 5958, 167-176 (2005).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of Tm-doped fibre laser cladding-pumped by a 1565 nm Er,Yb fibre laser, (a) free-running operation; (b) external cavity for tunable operation.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Output power of cladding-pumped Tm fibre laser versus launched pump power at 1565 nm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Tunable Tm fibre laser output power versus operating wavelength for cladding pumped 2.6 m fibre. Inset: Output power at 1941 nm versus launched pump power.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Schematic diagram of the Tm-doped fibre laser core-pumped by a 1565nm Er,Yb fiber laser, (a) free-running operation; (b) external cavity for tunable operation.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Output power of 24-cm core-pumped Tm fibre laser versus absorbed pump power at 1565 nm.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Tunable laser output power versus operating wavelength from a 24-cm core-pumped Tm fibre. Inset: Output power at 1827 nm versus absorbed 1565nm pump power.

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