Abstract

We demonstrate a new concept to vary the carrier-envelope phase of a mode-locked laser by a composite plate while keeping all other pulse parameters practically unaltered. The effect is verified externally in an interferometric autocorrelator, as well as inside the cavity of an octave-spanning femtosecond oscillator. The carrier-envelope frequency can be shifted by half the repetition rate with negligible impact on pulse spectrum and energy.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T.W. Hänsch, "Measuring the frequency of light with mode-locked lasers," Opt. Commun. 172, 59 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  13. J. von Zanthier, Th. Becker, M. Eichenseer, A. Yu. Nevsky, Ch. Schwedes, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. V. Pokasov, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, "Absolute frequency measurement of the In+ clock transition with a mode-locked laser," Opt. Lett. 25, 1729 (2004).
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2005 (2)

J. Seres, E. Seres, A. J. Verhoef, G. Tempea, C. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz "Source of coherent kiloelectronvolt X-rays," Nature 433, 596 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. D. Mücke, R. Ell, A. Winter, J. Kim, L. Matos, J.R. Birge, and F. X. Kärtner, "Self-referenced 200 MHz octave-spanning Ti:sapphire laser with 50 attosecond carrier-envelope phase jitter," Opt. Express 13, 5163 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (5)

O. D. Mücke, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, G. Khitrova, and H. M. Gibbs, "Carrier-wave Rabi flopping: role of the carrier-envelope phase," Opt. Lett. 29, 2160 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. von Zanthier, Th. Becker, M. Eichenseer, A. Yu. Nevsky, Ch. Schwedes, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. V. Pokasov, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, "Absolute frequency measurement of the In+ clock transition with a mode-locked laser," Opt. Lett. 25, 1729 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Cancio Pastor, G. Giusfredi, P. De Natale, G. Hagel, C. de Mauro, and M. Inguscio "Absolute Frequency Measurements of the 23S1 → 23P0;1;2 Atomic Helium Transitions around 1083 nm," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 023001-1 (2004).

T. M. Fortier, P. A. Roos, D. J. Jones, S. T. Cundiff, R. D. R. Bhat, and J. E. Sipe, "Carrier-envelope phase-controlled quantum interference of injected photocurrents in semiconductors," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 147403 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G.G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902-1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

G. G. Paulus, F. Lindner, H. Walther, A. Baltuška, E. Goulielmakis, M. Lezius, and F. Krausz, "Measurement of the phase of few-cycle laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 253004 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

2000 (2)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

Y. Chen, F. X. Kaertner, U. Morgner, S. H. Cho, H. A. Haus, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Dispersion-managed mode-locking," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1999 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T.W. Hänsch, "Measuring the frequency of light with mode-locked lasers," Opt. Commun. 172, 59 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

1977 (1)

R. Teets, J. Eckstein, and T.W. Hänsch, "Coherent two-photon excitation by multiple light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 881 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Angelow, G.

Apolonski, A.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G.G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902-1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bagayev, S. N.

Baltuška, A.

G. G. Paulus, F. Lindner, H. Walther, A. Baltuška, E. Goulielmakis, M. Lezius, and F. Krausz, "Measurement of the phase of few-cycle laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 253004 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Becker, Th.

Bhat, R. D. R.

T. M. Fortier, P. A. Roos, D. J. Jones, S. T. Cundiff, R. D. R. Bhat, and J. E. Sipe, "Carrier-envelope phase-controlled quantum interference of injected photocurrents in semiconductors," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 147403 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Birge, J.R.

Boiko, A.

Burgdörfer, J.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G.G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902-1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cancio Pastor, P.

P. Cancio Pastor, G. Giusfredi, P. De Natale, G. Hagel, C. de Mauro, and M. Inguscio "Absolute Frequency Measurements of the 23S1 → 23P0;1;2 Atomic Helium Transitions around 1083 nm," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 023001-1 (2004).

Chen, Y.

Cho, S. H.

Cundiff, S. T.

T. M. Fortier, P. A. Roos, D. J. Jones, S. T. Cundiff, R. D. R. Bhat, and J. E. Sipe, "Carrier-envelope phase-controlled quantum interference of injected photocurrents in semiconductors," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 147403 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. T. Cundiff, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, "Optical frequency synthesis based on mode-locked lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 3749 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Mauro, C.

P. Cancio Pastor, G. Giusfredi, P. De Natale, G. Hagel, C. de Mauro, and M. Inguscio "Absolute Frequency Measurements of the 23S1 → 23P0;1;2 Atomic Helium Transitions around 1083 nm," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 023001-1 (2004).

De Natale, P.

P. Cancio Pastor, G. Giusfredi, P. De Natale, G. Hagel, C. de Mauro, and M. Inguscio "Absolute Frequency Measurements of the 23S1 → 23P0;1;2 Atomic Helium Transitions around 1083 nm," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 023001-1 (2004).

Diddams, S. A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dombi, P.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G.G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902-1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Eckstein, J.

R. Teets, J. Eckstein, and T.W. Hänsch, "Coherent two-photon excitation by multiple light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 881 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Eichenseer, M.

Ell, R.

Fortier, T. M.

T. M. Fortier, P. A. Roos, D. J. Jones, S. T. Cundiff, R. D. R. Bhat, and J. E. Sipe, "Carrier-envelope phase-controlled quantum interference of injected photocurrents in semiconductors," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 147403 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gibbs, H. M.

Giusfredi, G.

P. Cancio Pastor, G. Giusfredi, P. De Natale, G. Hagel, C. de Mauro, and M. Inguscio "Absolute Frequency Measurements of the 23S1 → 23P0;1;2 Atomic Helium Transitions around 1083 nm," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 023001-1 (2004).

Gohle, C.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goulielmakis, E.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. G. Paulus, F. Lindner, H. Walther, A. Baltuška, E. Goulielmakis, M. Lezius, and F. Krausz, "Measurement of the phase of few-cycle laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 253004 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hagel, G.

P. Cancio Pastor, G. Giusfredi, P. De Natale, G. Hagel, C. de Mauro, and M. Inguscio "Absolute Frequency Measurements of the 23S1 → 23P0;1;2 Atomic Helium Transitions around 1083 nm," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 023001-1 (2004).

Hall, J. L.

S. T. Cundiff, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, "Optical frequency synthesis based on mode-locked lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 3749 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

Hänsch, T.W.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G.G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902-1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T.W. Hänsch, "Measuring the frequency of light with mode-locked lasers," Opt. Commun. 172, 59 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Teets, J. Eckstein, and T.W. Hänsch, "Coherent two-photon excitation by multiple light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 881 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

Hentschel, M.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G.G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902-1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. von Zanthier, Th. Becker, M. Eichenseer, A. Yu. Nevsky, Ch. Schwedes, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. V. Pokasov, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, "Absolute frequency measurement of the In+ clock transition with a mode-locked laser," Opt. Lett. 25, 1729 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T.W. Hänsch, "Measuring the frequency of light with mode-locked lasers," Opt. Commun. 172, 59 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Inguscio, M.

P. Cancio Pastor, G. Giusfredi, P. De Natale, G. Hagel, C. de Mauro, and M. Inguscio "Absolute Frequency Measurements of the 23S1 → 23P0;1;2 Atomic Helium Transitions around 1083 nm," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 023001-1 (2004).

Ippen, E. P.

Jones, D. J.

T. M. Fortier, P. A. Roos, D. J. Jones, S. T. Cundiff, R. D. R. Bhat, and J. E. Sipe, "Carrier-envelope phase-controlled quantum interference of injected photocurrents in semiconductors," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 147403 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaertner, F. X.

Kakehata, M.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G.G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902-1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

Khitrova, G.

Kim, J.

Krausz, F.

J. Seres, E. Seres, A. J. Verhoef, G. Tempea, C. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz "Source of coherent kiloelectronvolt X-rays," Nature 433, 596 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G.G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902-1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. G. Paulus, F. Lindner, H. Walther, A. Baltuška, E. Goulielmakis, M. Lezius, and F. Krausz, "Measurement of the phase of few-cycle laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 253004 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Spielmann, L. Xu, and F. Krausz, "Measurement of interferometric autocorrelations: comment," Appl. Opt. 36, 2523 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lederer, M. J.

Lemell, Ch.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G.G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902-1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lezius, M.

G. G. Paulus, F. Lindner, H. Walther, A. Baltuška, E. Goulielmakis, M. Lezius, and F. Krausz, "Measurement of the phase of few-cycle laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 253004 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lindner, F.

G. G. Paulus, F. Lindner, H. Walther, A. Baltuška, E. Goulielmakis, M. Lezius, and F. Krausz, "Measurement of the phase of few-cycle laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 253004 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

Matos, L.

Morgner, U.

Mücke, O. D.

Nevsky, A. Yu.

Paulus, G. G.

G. G. Paulus, F. Lindner, H. Walther, A. Baltuška, E. Goulielmakis, M. Lezius, and F. Krausz, "Measurement of the phase of few-cycle laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 253004 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Paulus, G.G.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G.G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902-1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Peik, E.

Pokasov, P. V.

Poppe, A.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ranka, J. K.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reichert, J.

Roos, P. A.

T. M. Fortier, P. A. Roos, D. J. Jones, S. T. Cundiff, R. D. R. Bhat, and J. E. Sipe, "Carrier-envelope phase-controlled quantum interference of injected photocurrents in semiconductors," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 147403 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scheuer, V.

Schwedes, Ch.

Scrinzi, A.

J. Seres, E. Seres, A. J. Verhoef, G. Tempea, C. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz "Source of coherent kiloelectronvolt X-rays," Nature 433, 596 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seres, E.

J. Seres, E. Seres, A. J. Verhoef, G. Tempea, C. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz "Source of coherent kiloelectronvolt X-rays," Nature 433, 596 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seres, J.

J. Seres, E. Seres, A. J. Verhoef, G. Tempea, C. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz "Source of coherent kiloelectronvolt X-rays," Nature 433, 596 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sipe, J. E.

T. M. Fortier, P. A. Roos, D. J. Jones, S. T. Cundiff, R. D. R. Bhat, and J. E. Sipe, "Carrier-envelope phase-controlled quantum interference of injected photocurrents in semiconductors," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 147403 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Skvortsov, M. N.

Spielmann, C.

J. Seres, E. Seres, A. J. Verhoef, G. Tempea, C. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz "Source of coherent kiloelectronvolt X-rays," Nature 433, 596 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Spielmann, L. Xu, and F. Krausz, "Measurement of interferometric autocorrelations: comment," Appl. Opt. 36, 2523 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spielmann, Ch.

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Streli, C.

J. Seres, E. Seres, A. J. Verhoef, G. Tempea, C. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz "Source of coherent kiloelectronvolt X-rays," Nature 433, 596 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Teets, R.

R. Teets, J. Eckstein, and T.W. Hänsch, "Coherent two-photon excitation by multiple light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 881 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Tempea, G.

J. Seres, E. Seres, A. J. Verhoef, G. Tempea, C. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz "Source of coherent kiloelectronvolt X-rays," Nature 433, 596 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torizuka, K.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G.G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902-1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tritschler, T.

Tschudi, T.

Udem, T.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T.W. Hänsch, "Measuring the frequency of light with mode-locked lasers," Opt. Commun. 172, 59 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Udem, Th.

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G.G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902-1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. von Zanthier, Th. Becker, M. Eichenseer, A. Yu. Nevsky, Ch. Schwedes, E. Peik, H. Walther, R. Holzwarth, J. Reichert, Th. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, P. V. Pokasov, M. N. Skvortsov, and S. N. Bagayev, "Absolute frequency measurement of the In+ clock transition with a mode-locked laser," Opt. Lett. 25, 1729 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Verhoef, A. J.

J. Seres, E. Seres, A. J. Verhoef, G. Tempea, C. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz "Source of coherent kiloelectronvolt X-rays," Nature 433, 596 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

von Zanthier, J.

Walther, H.

Wegener, M.

Windeler, R. S.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Winter, A.

Wobrauschek, P.

J. Seres, E. Seres, A. J. Verhoef, G. Tempea, C. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz "Source of coherent kiloelectronvolt X-rays," Nature 433, 596 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, L.

Yakovlev, V.

J. Seres, E. Seres, A. J. Verhoef, G. Tempea, C. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz "Source of coherent kiloelectronvolt X-rays," Nature 433, 596 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, V. S.

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ye, J.

S. T. Cundiff, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, "Optical frequency synthesis based on mode-locked lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 3749 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (2)

A. Baltuška, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421, 611 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Seres, E. Seres, A. J. Verhoef, G. Tempea, C. Streli, P. Wobrauschek, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz "Source of coherent kiloelectronvolt X-rays," Nature 433, 596 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, and T.W. Hänsch, "Measuring the frequency of light with mode-locked lasers," Opt. Commun. 172, 59 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

T. M. Fortier, P. A. Roos, D. J. Jones, S. T. Cundiff, R. D. R. Bhat, and J. E. Sipe, "Carrier-envelope phase-controlled quantum interference of injected photocurrents in semiconductors," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 147403 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, P. Dombi, G.G. Paulus, M. Kakehata, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, Ch. Lemell, K. Torizuka, J. Burgdörfer, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Observation of light-phase-sensitive photoemission from a metal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 073902-1 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. G. Paulus, F. Lindner, H. Walther, A. Baltuška, E. Goulielmakis, M. Lezius, and F. Krausz, "Measurement of the phase of few-cycle laser pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 253004 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Apolonski, A. Poppe, G. Tempea, Ch. Spielmann, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Controlling the phase evolution of few-cycle light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 740 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Teets, J. Eckstein, and T.W. Hänsch, "Coherent two-photon excitation by multiple light pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 38, 881 (1977).
[CrossRef]

P. Cancio Pastor, G. Giusfredi, P. De Natale, G. Hagel, C. de Mauro, and M. Inguscio "Absolute Frequency Measurements of the 23S1 → 23P0;1;2 Atomic Helium Transitions around 1083 nm," Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 023001-1 (2004).

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

S. T. Cundiff, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, "Optical frequency synthesis based on mode-locked lasers," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72, 3749 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

W. S. Graves, M. Farkhondeh, F. X. Kaertner, R. Milner, C. Tschalaer, J. B. van der Laan, F. Wang, A. Zolfaghari, T. Zwart, W. M. Fawley, and D. E. Moncton, "X-ray laser seeding for short pulses and narrow bandwidth," Proc. of the 2003 Part. Accel. Conf. 2, 959 (2003), http://intl.ieeexplore.ieee.org/iel5/9054/28710/01289566.pdf.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Alteration of group delay when varying the CE phase by 2π. The solid and doted black curves show the effect of 80 µm of BaF2 and 60 µm of FS used to vary the CE phase by simply changing material insertion, whereas the red curve displays the effective group delay variation when using a composite wedge made of fused silica and BaF2.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Sketch of the composite plate made of a thick BaF2 wedge and a thinner fused silica wedge. Shown is a top view with the thickness d of the plate exaggerated relative to the length of roughly 25 mm. The plate is 10 mm in height and the laser beam passes through both materials in the plane of the drawing under Brewster’s angle. (b): Measured average second order dispersion and fit revealing a total thickness of 1.58 mm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) layout of the interferometric autocorrelator used to demonstrate the functionality of the composite plate. PD: photo diode for calibration with reference laser, PMT: photomultiplier tube, KDP: nonlinear crystal for second harmonic generation, F: filter to block fundamental light. (b) Measured (gray circles) and retrieved (red line) autocorrelation revealing a pulse duration of 6 fs. The inset shows the laser spectrum on a linear scale.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) IAC before insertion of the plates for comparison. (b)–(f) Series of IAC measurements with monotonically varying plate position corresponding to a carrier-envelope phase shift in steps of π/2.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Sequence of measurements illustrating the arbitrary choice of the CE frequency f CE by varying the position of the plate inside the laser cavity of an octave-spanning 200 MHz laser [19]. In the graph shown, f CE is varied over half the repetition rate f rep/2.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) Variation of the CE frequency f CE as a function of the plate position. The right axis displays the equivalent change in the carrier-envelope phase per roundtrip. (b) optical laser spectrum of the usable laser output after extraction of the spectral wings for CE frequency control. All spectra of the twelve data points taken are shown, only for the last two data points close to f CE=0, the spectra exhibit slight modifications visible around the prominent peak around 680nm. This is due to inhomogeneities of the composite plate.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E ( z , t ) = Re { A ( z , t ) e i ( ω 0 t + k ( ω 0 ) z ) e i ϕ ( t ) e i ϕ CE }
ϕ CE = 2 π · c λ ( 1 v p 1 v g ) · z = 2 π · dn d λ · z
f CE = ϕ CE 2 π f rep

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