Abstract

A monolithic structured polymer preform was formed by in-situ chemical polymerization of high-purity MMA monomer in a home-made mould. The conditions for fabrication of the preforms were optimized and the preform was drawn to microstructured polymer optical fibre. The optical properties of the resultant elliptical-core fibre were measured. This technique provides advantages over alternative preform fabrication methods such as drilling and capillary stacking, which are less suitable for mass production.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  2. J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell, and J. -P. de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1347–1348 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
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  13. G. Barton, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, G. Henry, M. C. J. Large, and J. Zagari, “Fabrication of microstructured polymer optical fibres,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 10, 325–335 (2004).
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  26. United States Patent Application 20050286847 Kind Code A1 Arimondi, Marco; et al. December 29, 2005 Inventors: Arimondi, Marco; Macchetta, Andrea; Asnaghi, Daniela; Castaldo, Anna; Serial No.: 511145 Series Code: 10 Filed: July 12, 2005 PCT Filed: April 16, 2002 PCT NO: PCT/EP02/04203 U.S. Current Class: 385/123; 264/1.24 U.S. Class at Publication: 385/123; 264/001.24.
  27. C. Kerbage, P. Steinvurzel, P. Reyes, P. S. Westbrook, RS Windeler, A. Hale, and B. J. Eggleton, “Highly tunable birefringent microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 27, 842–844 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  28. M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urban′ czyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect,” App. Opt. 44, 2652–2658 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  29. M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 40, 592–593 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

L. Wang, Y. N. Zhang, L Y. Ren, X. Wang, and W. Zhao, “A new approach to mass fabrication technology of microstructured polymer optical fiber perform,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 3, s94–s95 (2005).

M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urban′ czyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect,” App. Opt. 44, 2652–2658 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 40, 592–593 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Barton, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, G. Henry, M. C. J. Large, and J. Zagari, “Fabrication of microstructured polymer optical fibres,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 10, 325–335 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Issa, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, M. Fellew, F. Cox, G. Henry, and M. C. J. Large, “Fabrication and study of microstructured optical fibers with elliptical holes,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1336–1338 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

K. Saitoh, M. Koshiba, T. Hasegawa, and E. Sasaoka“Chromatic dispersion control in photonic crystal fibers: application to ultra-flattened dispersion,” Opt. Express 11, 843–852 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Asnaghi, A. Gambirasio, A. Macchetta, D. Sarchi, and F. Tassone, “Fabrication of a large-effective-area microstructured plastic optical fibre: design and transmission tests,” in proceedings of ECOC-IOOC2003, pp. 632–633.

2002 (2)

2001 (2)

2000 (1)

1999 (2)

N. Broderick, T. Monro, P. Bennett, and D. Richardson, “Nonlinearity in holeyoptical fibers: measurement and futureopportunities,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1395–1397 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell, and J. -P. de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1347–1348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

Allan, D. C.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Argyros, A.

Arimondi, M.

M. Arimondi and G. S. Roba, “Process for manufacturing a micro-structured optical fibre,” U.S. Patent 2005/0072192 A1, published 7 Apr, 2005.

Arriaga, J.

Asnaghi, D.

D. Asnaghi, A. Gambirasio, A. Macchetta, D. Sarchi, and F. Tassone, “Fabrication of a large-effective-area microstructured plastic optical fibre: design and transmission tests,” in proceedings of ECOC-IOOC2003, pp. 632–633.

Bachmann, A.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 40, 592–593 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Barton, G.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 40, 592–593 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Barton, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, G. Henry, M. C. J. Large, and J. Zagari, “Fabrication of microstructured polymer optical fibres,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 10, 325–335 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bassett, I.

Bassett, I. M.

Bennett, P.

Berghmans, F.

M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urban′ czyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect,” App. Opt. 44, 2652–2658 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, J. Arriaga, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. S. J. Russell, “Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1325–1327 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell, and J. -P. de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1347–1348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 22, 961–963 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bise, R. T.

R. T. Bise, R. S. Windeler, K. S. Kranz, C. Kerbage, B. J. Eggleton, and D. J. Trevor, “Tunable photonic band gap fiber,” in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (TOPS) Vol. 70, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2002), pp. 466–468.

Broderick, N.

Chang, H. C.

C. W. Huang, M. C. Ho, H. H. Chien, K. J. Ma, Z. P. Zheng, C. P. Yu, H. C. Chang, and C. C. Yang, “Design, Fabrication and Characterization of Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibers,” session TU3C (16) 8 1242, Photonics West San Jose.

Chen, X.

L. Wang and X. Chen, “Extrusion technique of microstructured polymer optical fiber preform,” in proceedings of 14th International conference on Polymer Optical Fiber, (HongKong, China, 2005), pp. 85–87.

Chien, H. H.

C. W. Huang, M. C. Ho, H. H. Chien, K. J. Ma, Z. P. Zheng, C. P. Yu, H. C. Chang, and C. C. Yang, “Design, Fabrication and Characterization of Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibers,” session TU3C (16) 8 1242, Photonics West San Jose.

Choi, J.

J. Choi, D. Y. Kim, and U. C. Paek, “Fabrication and properties of polymer photonic crystal fibers,” in Proceedings of the Plastic Optical Fiber Conference (POF) 2001, pp. 355–360.

Cox, F.

Cregan, R. F.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell, and J. -P. de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1347–1348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

de Sandro, J. -P.

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell, and J. -P. de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1347–1348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

de Sterke, C. M.

Eggleton, B. J.

C. Kerbage, P. Steinvurzel, P. Reyes, P. S. Westbrook, RS Windeler, A. Hale, and B. J. Eggleton, “Highly tunable birefringent microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 27, 842–844 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bise, R. S. Windeler, K. S. Kranz, C. Kerbage, B. J. Eggleton, and D. J. Trevor, “Tunable photonic band gap fiber,” in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (TOPS) Vol. 70, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2002), pp. 466–468.

Fellew, M.

Fleming, S.

Gambirasio, A.

D. Asnaghi, A. Gambirasio, A. Macchetta, D. Sarchi, and F. Tassone, “Fabrication of a large-effective-area microstructured plastic optical fibre: design and transmission tests,” in proceedings of ECOC-IOOC2003, pp. 632–633.

Hale, A.

Hasegawa, T.

Heidepriem, E.

E. Heidepriem, T. Heike, M. A. Monro, M. C. J. van Eijkelenborg, and Large, “Extruded polymer preforms for high-NA polymer microstructured fiber,” in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Conference (Anaheim, USA, 2006), Paper OThH4.

Heike, T.

E. Heidepriem, T. Heike, M. A. Monro, M. C. J. van Eijkelenborg, and Large, “Extruded polymer preforms for high-NA polymer microstructured fiber,” in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Conference (Anaheim, USA, 2006), Paper OThH4.

Henry, G.

G. Barton, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, G. Henry, M. C. J. Large, and J. Zagari, “Fabrication of microstructured polymer optical fibres,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 10, 325–335 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Issa, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, M. Fellew, F. Cox, G. Henry, and M. C. J. Large, “Fabrication and study of microstructured optical fibers with elliptical holes,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1336–1338 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 40, 592–593 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ho, M. C.

C. W. Huang, M. C. Ho, H. H. Chien, K. J. Ma, Z. P. Zheng, C. P. Yu, H. C. Chang, and C. C. Yang, “Design, Fabrication and Characterization of Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibers,” session TU3C (16) 8 1242, Photonics West San Jose.

Huang, C. W.

C. W. Huang, M. C. Ho, H. H. Chien, K. J. Ma, Z. P. Zheng, C. P. Yu, H. C. Chang, and C. C. Yang, “Design, Fabrication and Characterization of Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibers,” session TU3C (16) 8 1242, Photonics West San Jose.

Ishigure, T.

S. Kondo, T. Ishigure, and Y. Koike, “Fabrication of Polymer Photonic Crystal Fiber,” 10th Microoptics Conference, (Jena, Germany 2004), paper B-7 2004.

Issa, N. A.

Kerbage, C.

C. Kerbage, P. Steinvurzel, P. Reyes, P. S. Westbrook, RS Windeler, A. Hale, and B. J. Eggleton, “Highly tunable birefringent microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 27, 842–844 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Bise, R. S. Windeler, K. S. Kranz, C. Kerbage, B. J. Eggleton, and D. J. Trevor, “Tunable photonic band gap fiber,” in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (TOPS) Vol. 70, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2002), pp. 466–468.

Kim, D. Y.

J. Choi, D. Y. Kim, and U. C. Paek, “Fabrication and properties of polymer photonic crystal fibers,” in Proceedings of the Plastic Optical Fiber Conference (POF) 2001, pp. 355–360.

Kim, J-J

H.-H. Park, B-G Shin, and J-J Kim, “Fabrication of plastic holey polymer fibers,” in Proceedings of the 11th international Plastic Optical Fibers Conference, 18-20 Sept. 2002, Post deadline paper.

Klein, K. F.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 40, 592–593 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Klimek, J.

M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urban′ czyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect,” App. Opt. 44, 2652–2658 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Koike, Y.

S. Kondo, T. Ishigure, and Y. Koike, “Fabrication of Polymer Photonic Crystal Fiber,” 10th Microoptics Conference, (Jena, Germany 2004), paper B-7 2004.

Kondo, S.

S. Kondo, T. Ishigure, and Y. Koike, “Fabrication of Polymer Photonic Crystal Fiber,” 10th Microoptics Conference, (Jena, Germany 2004), paper B-7 2004.

Koshiba, M.

Kranz, K. S.

R. T. Bise, R. S. Windeler, K. S. Kranz, C. Kerbage, B. J. Eggleton, and D. J. Trevor, “Tunable photonic band gap fiber,” in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (TOPS) Vol. 70, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2002), pp. 466–468.

Large,

E. Heidepriem, T. Heike, M. A. Monro, M. C. J. van Eijkelenborg, and Large, “Extruded polymer preforms for high-NA polymer microstructured fiber,” in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Conference (Anaheim, USA, 2006), Paper OThH4.

Large, M. C. J.

A. Argyros, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, M. C. J. Large, and I. M. Bassett, “Hollow-core microstructured polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 31, 172–174 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. A. Issa, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, M. Fellew, F. Cox, G. Henry, and M. C. J. Large, “Fabrication and study of microstructured optical fibers with elliptical holes,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1336–1338 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 40, 592–593 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Barton, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, G. Henry, M. C. J. Large, and J. Zagari, “Fabrication of microstructured polymer optical fibres,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 10, 325–335 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, M. C. J. Large, A. Argyros, J. Zagari, S. Manos, N. A. Issa, I. Bassett, S. Fleming, R. C. McPhedran, C. M. de Sterke, and N. A. P. Nicorovici, “Microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Opt. Express 9, 319–327 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, T.H.

Y. N. Zhang, L. Wang, L. Y. Ren, T.H. Li, X. Wang, W. Zhao, and R. C. Miao, “Fabrication of microstructured polymer optical fiber perform,” 2nd International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies: Advanced Optical Manufacturing Technologies; L. Yang, S. M. Wen, Y. L. Chen, and Ernst-Bernhard Kley, Eds, Proc. SPIE6149, 426–431(2005).

Ma, K. J.

C. W. Huang, M. C. Ho, H. H. Chien, K. J. Ma, Z. P. Zheng, C. P. Yu, H. C. Chang, and C. C. Yang, “Design, Fabrication and Characterization of Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibers,” session TU3C (16) 8 1242, Photonics West San Jose.

Macchetta, A.

D. Asnaghi, A. Gambirasio, A. Macchetta, D. Sarchi, and F. Tassone, “Fabrication of a large-effective-area microstructured plastic optical fibre: design and transmission tests,” in proceedings of ECOC-IOOC2003, pp. 632–633.

Makara, M.

M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urban′ czyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect,” App. Opt. 44, 2652–2658 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mangan, B. J.

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, J. Arriaga, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. S. J. Russell, “Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1325–1327 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Manos, S.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 40, 592–593 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, M. C. J. Large, A. Argyros, J. Zagari, S. Manos, N. A. Issa, I. Bassett, S. Fleming, R. C. McPhedran, C. M. de Sterke, and N. A. P. Nicorovici, “Microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Opt. Express 9, 319–327 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martynkien, T.

M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urban′ czyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect,” App. Opt. 44, 2652–2658 (2005).
[CrossRef]

McPhedran, R. C.

Miao, R. C.

Y. N. Zhang, L. Wang, L. Y. Ren, T.H. Li, X. Wang, W. Zhao, and R. C. Miao, “Fabrication of microstructured polymer optical fiber perform,” 2nd International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies: Advanced Optical Manufacturing Technologies; L. Yang, S. M. Wen, Y. L. Chen, and Ernst-Bernhard Kley, Eds, Proc. SPIE6149, 426–431(2005).

Monro, M. A.

E. Heidepriem, T. Heike, M. A. Monro, M. C. J. van Eijkelenborg, and Large, “Extruded polymer preforms for high-NA polymer microstructured fiber,” in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Conference (Anaheim, USA, 2006), Paper OThH4.

Monro, T.

Nasilowski, T.

M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urban′ czyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect,” App. Opt. 44, 2652–2658 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nicorovici, N. A. P.

Olszewski, J.

M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urban′ czyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect,” App. Opt. 44, 2652–2658 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

Osgood, R. M.

Paek, U. C.

J. Choi, D. Y. Kim, and U. C. Paek, “Fabrication and properties of polymer photonic crystal fibers,” in Proceedings of the Plastic Optical Fiber Conference (POF) 2001, pp. 355–360.

Park, H.-H.

H.-H. Park, B-G Shin, and J-J Kim, “Fabrication of plastic holey polymer fibers,” in Proceedings of the 11th international Plastic Optical Fibers Conference, 18-20 Sept. 2002, Post deadline paper.

Poisel, H.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 40, 592–593 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pok, W.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 40, 592–593 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Poladian, L.

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 40, 592–593 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Reeves, W. H.

Ren, L Y.

Ren, L. Y.

L. Wang, Y. N. Zhang, L. Y. Ren, X. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Chemical fabrication techniques of microstructured polymer optical fiber preforms,” in proceedings of 14th International conference on Polymer Optical Fiber, (Hong Kong, China, 2005), pp. 89–92.

Y. N. Zhang, L. Wang, L. Y. Ren, T.H. Li, X. Wang, W. Zhao, and R. C. Miao, “Fabrication of microstructured polymer optical fiber perform,” 2nd International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies: Advanced Optical Manufacturing Technologies; L. Yang, S. M. Wen, Y. L. Chen, and Ernst-Bernhard Kley, Eds, Proc. SPIE6149, 426–431(2005).

Reyes, P.

Richardson, D.

Roba, G. S.

M. Arimondi and G. S. Roba, “Process for manufacturing a micro-structured optical fibre,” U.S. Patent 2005/0072192 A1, published 7 Apr, 2005.

Roberts, P. J.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russel, P. St. J.

Russell, P. S. J.

Russell, P. St. J.

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell, and J. -P. de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1347–1348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Saitoh, K.

Sarchi, D.

D. Asnaghi, A. Gambirasio, A. Macchetta, D. Sarchi, and F. Tassone, “Fabrication of a large-effective-area microstructured plastic optical fibre: design and transmission tests,” in proceedings of ECOC-IOOC2003, pp. 632–633.

Sasaoka, E.

Shin, B-G

H.-H. Park, B-G Shin, and J-J Kim, “Fabrication of plastic holey polymer fibers,” in Proceedings of the 11th international Plastic Optical Fibers Conference, 18-20 Sept. 2002, Post deadline paper.

Statkiewicz, G.

M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urban′ czyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect,” App. Opt. 44, 2652–2658 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Steel, M. J.

Steinvurzel, P.

Szpulak, M.

M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urban′ czyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect,” App. Opt. 44, 2652–2658 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tassone, F.

D. Asnaghi, A. Gambirasio, A. Macchetta, D. Sarchi, and F. Tassone, “Fabrication of a large-effective-area microstructured plastic optical fibre: design and transmission tests,” in proceedings of ECOC-IOOC2003, pp. 632–633.

Thienpont, H.

M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urban′ czyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect,” App. Opt. 44, 2652–2658 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Trevor, D. J.

R. T. Bise, R. S. Windeler, K. S. Kranz, C. Kerbage, B. J. Eggleton, and D. J. Trevor, “Tunable photonic band gap fiber,” in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (TOPS) Vol. 70, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2002), pp. 466–468.

Urban' czyk, W.

M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urban′ czyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect,” App. Opt. 44, 2652–2658 (2005).
[CrossRef]

van Eijkelenborg, M. A.

A. Argyros, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, M. C. J. Large, and I. M. Bassett, “Hollow-core microstructured polymer optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 31, 172–174 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. A. Issa, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, M. Fellew, F. Cox, G. Henry, and M. C. J. Large, “Fabrication and study of microstructured optical fibers with elliptical holes,” Opt. Lett. 29, 1336–1338 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 40, 592–593 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. Barton, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, G. Henry, M. C. J. Large, and J. Zagari, “Fabrication of microstructured polymer optical fibres,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 10, 325–335 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, M. C. J. Large, A. Argyros, J. Zagari, S. Manos, N. A. Issa, I. Bassett, S. Fleming, R. C. McPhedran, C. M. de Sterke, and N. A. P. Nicorovici, “Microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Opt. Express 9, 319–327 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Eijkelenborg, M. C. J.

E. Heidepriem, T. Heike, M. A. Monro, M. C. J. van Eijkelenborg, and Large, “Extruded polymer preforms for high-NA polymer microstructured fiber,” in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Conference (Anaheim, USA, 2006), Paper OThH4.

Wadsworth, W. J.

Wang, L.

L. Wang, Y. N. Zhang, L Y. Ren, X. Wang, and W. Zhao, “A new approach to mass fabrication technology of microstructured polymer optical fiber perform,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 3, s94–s95 (2005).

L. Wang and X. Chen, “Extrusion technique of microstructured polymer optical fiber preform,” in proceedings of 14th International conference on Polymer Optical Fiber, (HongKong, China, 2005), pp. 85–87.

Y. N. Zhang, L. Wang, L. Y. Ren, T.H. Li, X. Wang, W. Zhao, and R. C. Miao, “Fabrication of microstructured polymer optical fiber perform,” 2nd International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies: Advanced Optical Manufacturing Technologies; L. Yang, S. M. Wen, Y. L. Chen, and Ernst-Bernhard Kley, Eds, Proc. SPIE6149, 426–431(2005).

L. Wang, Y. N. Zhang, L. Y. Ren, X. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Chemical fabrication techniques of microstructured polymer optical fiber preforms,” in proceedings of 14th International conference on Polymer Optical Fiber, (Hong Kong, China, 2005), pp. 89–92.

Wang, X.

L. Wang, Y. N. Zhang, L Y. Ren, X. Wang, and W. Zhao, “A new approach to mass fabrication technology of microstructured polymer optical fiber perform,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 3, s94–s95 (2005).

L. Wang, Y. N. Zhang, L. Y. Ren, X. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Chemical fabrication techniques of microstructured polymer optical fiber preforms,” in proceedings of 14th International conference on Polymer Optical Fiber, (Hong Kong, China, 2005), pp. 89–92.

Y. N. Zhang, L. Wang, L. Y. Ren, T.H. Li, X. Wang, W. Zhao, and R. C. Miao, “Fabrication of microstructured polymer optical fiber perform,” 2nd International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies: Advanced Optical Manufacturing Technologies; L. Yang, S. M. Wen, Y. L. Chen, and Ernst-Bernhard Kley, Eds, Proc. SPIE6149, 426–431(2005).

Westbrook, P. S.

Windeler, R. S.

R. S. Windeler, “Improving microstructure fibers including preform fabrication, fiber draw, splicing and postproduction dispersion tailoring,” in Proceedings of the 14th international workshop on optical waveguide theory and numerical modelling, (Sydney, Australia, 2005), pp. 123–135.

R. T. Bise, R. S. Windeler, K. S. Kranz, C. Kerbage, B. J. Eggleton, and D. J. Trevor, “Tunable photonic band gap fiber,” in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (TOPS) Vol. 70, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2002), pp. 466–468.

Windeler, RS

Wójcik, J.

M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urban′ czyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect,” App. Opt. 44, 2652–2658 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, C. C.

C. W. Huang, M. C. Ho, H. H. Chien, K. J. Ma, Z. P. Zheng, C. P. Yu, H. C. Chang, and C. C. Yang, “Design, Fabrication and Characterization of Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibers,” session TU3C (16) 8 1242, Photonics West San Jose.

Yu, C. P.

C. W. Huang, M. C. Ho, H. H. Chien, K. J. Ma, Z. P. Zheng, C. P. Yu, H. C. Chang, and C. C. Yang, “Design, Fabrication and Characterization of Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibers,” session TU3C (16) 8 1242, Photonics West San Jose.

Zagari, J.

G. Barton, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, G. Henry, M. C. J. Large, and J. Zagari, “Fabrication of microstructured polymer optical fibres,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 10, 325–335 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 40, 592–593 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, M. C. J. Large, A. Argyros, J. Zagari, S. Manos, N. A. Issa, I. Bassett, S. Fleming, R. C. McPhedran, C. M. de Sterke, and N. A. P. Nicorovici, “Microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Opt. Express 9, 319–327 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y. N.

L. Wang, Y. N. Zhang, L Y. Ren, X. Wang, and W. Zhao, “A new approach to mass fabrication technology of microstructured polymer optical fiber perform,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 3, s94–s95 (2005).

Y. N. Zhang, L. Wang, L. Y. Ren, T.H. Li, X. Wang, W. Zhao, and R. C. Miao, “Fabrication of microstructured polymer optical fiber perform,” 2nd International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies: Advanced Optical Manufacturing Technologies; L. Yang, S. M. Wen, Y. L. Chen, and Ernst-Bernhard Kley, Eds, Proc. SPIE6149, 426–431(2005).

L. Wang, Y. N. Zhang, L. Y. Ren, X. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Chemical fabrication techniques of microstructured polymer optical fiber preforms,” in proceedings of 14th International conference on Polymer Optical Fiber, (Hong Kong, China, 2005), pp. 89–92.

Zhao, W.

L. Wang, Y. N. Zhang, L Y. Ren, X. Wang, and W. Zhao, “A new approach to mass fabrication technology of microstructured polymer optical fiber perform,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 3, s94–s95 (2005).

L. Wang, Y. N. Zhang, L. Y. Ren, X. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Chemical fabrication techniques of microstructured polymer optical fiber preforms,” in proceedings of 14th International conference on Polymer Optical Fiber, (Hong Kong, China, 2005), pp. 89–92.

Y. N. Zhang, L. Wang, L. Y. Ren, T.H. Li, X. Wang, W. Zhao, and R. C. Miao, “Fabrication of microstructured polymer optical fiber perform,” 2nd International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies: Advanced Optical Manufacturing Technologies; L. Yang, S. M. Wen, Y. L. Chen, and Ernst-Bernhard Kley, Eds, Proc. SPIE6149, 426–431(2005).

Zheng, Z. P.

C. W. Huang, M. C. Ho, H. H. Chien, K. J. Ma, Z. P. Zheng, C. P. Yu, H. C. Chang, and C. C. Yang, “Design, Fabrication and Characterization of Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibers,” session TU3C (16) 8 1242, Photonics West San Jose.

App. Opt. (1)

M. Szpulak, G. Statkiewicz, J. Olszewski, T. Martynkien, W. Urban′ czyk, J. Wójcik, M. Makara, J. Klimek, T. Nasilowski, F. Berghmans, and H. Thienpont, “Experimental and theoretical investigations of birefringent holey fibers with a triple defect,” App. Opt. 44, 2652–2658 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Electron. Lett. (2)

M. A. van Eijkelenborg, A. Argyros, A. Bachmann, G. Barton, M. C. J. Large, G. Henry, N. A. Issa, K. F. Klein, H. Poisel, W. Pok, L. Poladian, S. Manos, and J. Zagari, “Bandwidth and loss measurements of graded-index microstructured polymer optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 40, 592–593 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, R. F. Cregan, P. St. J. Russell, and J. -P. de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1347–1348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

in proceedings of ECOC-IOOC (1)

D. Asnaghi, A. Gambirasio, A. Macchetta, D. Sarchi, and F. Tassone, “Fabrication of a large-effective-area microstructured plastic optical fibre: design and transmission tests,” in proceedings of ECOC-IOOC2003, pp. 632–633.

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

G. Barton, M. A. van Eijkelenborg, G. Henry, M. C. J. Large, and J. Zagari, “Fabrication of microstructured polymer optical fibres,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 10, 325–335 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Science (1)

R. F. Cregan, B. J. Mangan, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, and D. C. Allan, “Single-mode photonic band gap guidance of light in air,” Science 285, 1537–1539 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (12)

H.-H. Park, B-G Shin, and J-J Kim, “Fabrication of plastic holey polymer fibers,” in Proceedings of the 11th international Plastic Optical Fibers Conference, 18-20 Sept. 2002, Post deadline paper.

C. W. Huang, M. C. Ho, H. H. Chien, K. J. Ma, Z. P. Zheng, C. P. Yu, H. C. Chang, and C. C. Yang, “Design, Fabrication and Characterization of Microstructured Polymer Optical Fibers,” session TU3C (16) 8 1242, Photonics West San Jose.

S. Kondo, T. Ishigure, and Y. Koike, “Fabrication of Polymer Photonic Crystal Fiber,” 10th Microoptics Conference, (Jena, Germany 2004), paper B-7 2004.

E. Heidepriem, T. Heike, M. A. Monro, M. C. J. van Eijkelenborg, and Large, “Extruded polymer preforms for high-NA polymer microstructured fiber,” in Proceedings of the Optical Fiber Conference (Anaheim, USA, 2006), Paper OThH4.

R. T. Bise, R. S. Windeler, K. S. Kranz, C. Kerbage, B. J. Eggleton, and D. J. Trevor, “Tunable photonic band gap fiber,” in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (TOPS) Vol. 70, Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2002), pp. 466–468.

M. Arimondi and G. S. Roba, “Process for manufacturing a micro-structured optical fibre,” U.S. Patent 2005/0072192 A1, published 7 Apr, 2005.

R. S. Windeler, “Improving microstructure fibers including preform fabrication, fiber draw, splicing and postproduction dispersion tailoring,” in Proceedings of the 14th international workshop on optical waveguide theory and numerical modelling, (Sydney, Australia, 2005), pp. 123–135.

United States Patent Application 20050286847 Kind Code A1 Arimondi, Marco; et al. December 29, 2005 Inventors: Arimondi, Marco; Macchetta, Andrea; Asnaghi, Daniela; Castaldo, Anna; Serial No.: 511145 Series Code: 10 Filed: July 12, 2005 PCT Filed: April 16, 2002 PCT NO: PCT/EP02/04203 U.S. Current Class: 385/123; 264/1.24 U.S. Class at Publication: 385/123; 264/001.24.

Y. N. Zhang, L. Wang, L. Y. Ren, T.H. Li, X. Wang, W. Zhao, and R. C. Miao, “Fabrication of microstructured polymer optical fiber perform,” 2nd International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies: Advanced Optical Manufacturing Technologies; L. Yang, S. M. Wen, Y. L. Chen, and Ernst-Bernhard Kley, Eds, Proc. SPIE6149, 426–431(2005).

L. Wang, Y. N. Zhang, L. Y. Ren, X. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Chemical fabrication techniques of microstructured polymer optical fiber preforms,” in proceedings of 14th International conference on Polymer Optical Fiber, (Hong Kong, China, 2005), pp. 89–92.

L. Wang and X. Chen, “Extrusion technique of microstructured polymer optical fiber preform,” in proceedings of 14th International conference on Polymer Optical Fiber, (HongKong, China, 2005), pp. 85–87.

J. Choi, D. Y. Kim, and U. C. Paek, “Fabrication and properties of polymer photonic crystal fibers,” in Proceedings of the Plastic Optical Fiber Conference (POF) 2001, pp. 355–360.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Moulds used to make the preforms: (a) a mould core and (b) two assembled moulds.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The temperature cycle used during the polymerization process.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

A casted 88-holes PMMA microstructured preform with the hole diameter of 2mm, overall length of 40 cm and preform diameter of 7 cm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Electron microscope images of the elliptical mPOF cross-section (a) and SEM of the core region (b).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The near-field pattern (a) and far-field pattern (b) of a resultant elliptical core mPOF.

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