Abstract

Kerr-like nonlinearity n2THz induced via terahertz (THz) radiation and linear electro-optic (EO) effect is investigated in (110), (111) and (100) oriented ZnTe crystals using Z-scan technique with femtosecond laser pulses. We have proposed a model, taking into account the Kerr-like nonlinearity n2THz, to describe well the experimental incident polarization dependence of the nonlinear refractive index n2. It is found that for a (110) ZnTe crystal the nonlinear refractive index n2 is dominated by the Kerr-like nonlinearity n2THz, while n2 in the (111) ZnTe crystal mainly comes from the combined contributions of the Kerr-like nonlinearity n2THz and conventional Kerr nonlinearity n2Kerr. We also show strong two-photon absorption (TPA) anisotropy and crystal orientation dependence of TPA in ZnTe crystals.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. P. Caumes, L. Videau, C. Rouyer, and E. Freysz, "Kerr-like nonlinearity induced via Terahertz generation and the electro-optical effect in Zinc Blende Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89,047401 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. Wu, Z. Q. Ren, W. Z. Shen, H. Ogawa, and Q. X. Guo, "Effects of dry etching processes on effective refractive index of ZnTe surface layers in terahertz region," J. Appl. Phys. 94,3800-3804 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. B. B. Hu, X. C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, and P. R. Smith, "Free-space radiation from electro-optic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 506-508 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Xu, X. C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, "Terahertz beam generation by femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic materials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1784-1786 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. R. Shen, "Far-infrared generation by optical mixing," Prog. Quantum Electron. 4,207-232 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Bonvalet, M. Joffre, J. L. Martin, and A. Migus, "Generation of ultrabroadband femtosecond pulses in the mid-infrared by optical rectification of 15 fs light pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67,2907-2909 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, "A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69,2321-2323 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. X. C. Zhang, B. B. Hu, and J. T. Darrow, "Generation of femtosecond electromagnetic pulses from semiconductor surfaces," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1011-1013 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. N. Saeta, and B. I. Greene, "Short terahertz pulses from semiconductor surfaces: The importance of bulk difference-frequency mixing," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63,3482-3484 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. X. C. Zhang, Y. Jin, and X. F. Ma, "Coherent measurement of THz optical rectification from electro-optic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61,2764-2766 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X. C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, "Terahertz optical rectification from <110> zinc-blende crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64,1324-1326 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, and E. W. Van Stryland, "High-sensitivity, single-beam n2 measurements," Opt. Lett. 14,955-957 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26,760-769 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. R. DeSalvo, D. J. Hagan, M. Sheik-Bahae, G. Stegeman, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Self-focusing and self-defocusing by cascaded second-order effects in KTP," Opt. Lett. 17,28-30 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. L. Sundheimer, Ch. Bosshard, E. W. Van Stryland, G. I. Stegeman, and J. D. Bierlein, "Large nonlinear phase modulation in quasi-phase-matched KTP waveguides as a result of cascaded second-order processes," Opt. Lett. 18,1397-1399 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. Ch. Bosshard, R. Spreiter, M. Zgonik, and P. Gunter, "Kerr nonlinearity via cascaded optical rectification and the linear electro-optic effect," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74,2816-2819 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. I. Biaggio, "Nonlocal contributions to degenerate four-wave mixing in Noncentrosymmetric materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82,193-196 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. M. Yin, H. P. Li, S. H. Tang, and W. Ji, "Determination of nonlinear absorption and refraction by single Z-scan method," Appl. Phys. B 70,587-591 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. A. Said, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, T. Wei, J. Wang, J. Young, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Determination of bound-electronic and free-carrier nonlinearities in ZnSe, GaAs, CdTe, and ZnTe," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 9,405-413 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  20. R. DeSalvo, M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Z-scan measurements of the anisotropy of nonlinear refraction and absorption in crystals," Opt. Lett. 18, 194-196 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  21. D. C. Hutchings, and B. S. Wherrett, "Theory of anisotropy of two-photon absorption in zinc-blende semiconductors," Phys. Rev. B 49, 2418-2426 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. M. Murayama, and T. Nakayama, "Symmetry-induced anisotropy of two-photon absorption spectra in zinc-blende semiconductors," Phys. Rev. B 55, 9628-9636 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (1)

S. Wu, Z. Q. Ren, W. Z. Shen, H. Ogawa, and Q. X. Guo, "Effects of dry etching processes on effective refractive index of ZnTe surface layers in terahertz region," J. Appl. Phys. 94,3800-3804 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

J. P. Caumes, L. Videau, C. Rouyer, and E. Freysz, "Kerr-like nonlinearity induced via Terahertz generation and the electro-optical effect in Zinc Blende Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89,047401 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

M. Yin, H. P. Li, S. H. Tang, and W. Ji, "Determination of nonlinear absorption and refraction by single Z-scan method," Appl. Phys. B 70,587-591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

I. Biaggio, "Nonlocal contributions to degenerate four-wave mixing in Noncentrosymmetric materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82,193-196 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

M. Murayama, and T. Nakayama, "Symmetry-induced anisotropy of two-photon absorption spectra in zinc-blende semiconductors," Phys. Rev. B 55, 9628-9636 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, "A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69,2321-2323 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

A. Bonvalet, M. Joffre, J. L. Martin, and A. Migus, "Generation of ultrabroadband femtosecond pulses in the mid-infrared by optical rectification of 15 fs light pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67,2907-2909 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ch. Bosshard, R. Spreiter, M. Zgonik, and P. Gunter, "Kerr nonlinearity via cascaded optical rectification and the linear electro-optic effect," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74,2816-2819 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (2)

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X. C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, "Terahertz optical rectification from <110> zinc-blende crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64,1324-1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Hutchings, and B. S. Wherrett, "Theory of anisotropy of two-photon absorption in zinc-blende semiconductors," Phys. Rev. B 49, 2418-2426 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (3)

1992 (4)

R. DeSalvo, D. J. Hagan, M. Sheik-Bahae, G. Stegeman, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Self-focusing and self-defocusing by cascaded second-order effects in KTP," Opt. Lett. 17,28-30 (1992).
[CrossRef]

X. C. Zhang, Y. Jin, and X. F. Ma, "Coherent measurement of THz optical rectification from electro-optic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61,2764-2766 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Said, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, T. Wei, J. Wang, J. Young, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Determination of bound-electronic and free-carrier nonlinearities in ZnSe, GaAs, CdTe, and ZnTe," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 9,405-413 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, X. C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, "Terahertz beam generation by femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic materials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1784-1786 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (3)

B. B. Hu, X. C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, and P. R. Smith, "Free-space radiation from electro-optic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 506-508 (1990).
[CrossRef]

X. C. Zhang, B. B. Hu, and J. T. Darrow, "Generation of femtosecond electromagnetic pulses from semiconductor surfaces," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1011-1013 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26,760-769 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

1976 (1)

Y. R. Shen, "Far-infrared generation by optical mixing," Prog. Quantum Electron. 4,207-232 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Alexander, M.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X. C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, "Terahertz optical rectification from <110> zinc-blende crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64,1324-1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Auston, D. H.

L. Xu, X. C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, "Terahertz beam generation by femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic materials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1784-1786 (1992).
[CrossRef]

B. B. Hu, X. C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, and P. R. Smith, "Free-space radiation from electro-optic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 506-508 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Biaggio, I.

I. Biaggio, "Nonlocal contributions to degenerate four-wave mixing in Noncentrosymmetric materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82,193-196 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bierlein, J. D.

Bliss, D.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X. C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, "Terahertz optical rectification from <110> zinc-blende crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64,1324-1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bonvalet, A.

A. Bonvalet, M. Joffre, J. L. Martin, and A. Migus, "Generation of ultrabroadband femtosecond pulses in the mid-infrared by optical rectification of 15 fs light pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67,2907-2909 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bosshard, Ch.

Caumes, J. P.

J. P. Caumes, L. Videau, C. Rouyer, and E. Freysz, "Kerr-like nonlinearity induced via Terahertz generation and the electro-optical effect in Zinc Blende Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89,047401 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Darrow, J. T.

X. C. Zhang, B. B. Hu, and J. T. Darrow, "Generation of femtosecond electromagnetic pulses from semiconductor surfaces," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1011-1013 (1990).
[CrossRef]

DeSalvo, R.

Freysz, E.

J. P. Caumes, L. Videau, C. Rouyer, and E. Freysz, "Kerr-like nonlinearity induced via Terahertz generation and the electro-optical effect in Zinc Blende Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89,047401 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Greene, B. I.

P. N. Saeta, and B. I. Greene, "Short terahertz pulses from semiconductor surfaces: The importance of bulk difference-frequency mixing," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63,3482-3484 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Gunter, P.

Ch. Bosshard, R. Spreiter, M. Zgonik, and P. Gunter, "Kerr nonlinearity via cascaded optical rectification and the linear electro-optic effect," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74,2816-2819 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guo, Q. X.

S. Wu, Z. Q. Ren, W. Z. Shen, H. Ogawa, and Q. X. Guo, "Effects of dry etching processes on effective refractive index of ZnTe surface layers in terahertz region," J. Appl. Phys. 94,3800-3804 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hagan, D. J.

R. DeSalvo, M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Z-scan measurements of the anisotropy of nonlinear refraction and absorption in crystals," Opt. Lett. 18, 194-196 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. DeSalvo, D. J. Hagan, M. Sheik-Bahae, G. Stegeman, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Self-focusing and self-defocusing by cascaded second-order effects in KTP," Opt. Lett. 17,28-30 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Said, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, T. Wei, J. Wang, J. Young, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Determination of bound-electronic and free-carrier nonlinearities in ZnSe, GaAs, CdTe, and ZnTe," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 9,405-413 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26,760-769 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heinz, T. F.

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, "A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69,2321-2323 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hu, B. B.

B. B. Hu, X. C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, and P. R. Smith, "Free-space radiation from electro-optic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 506-508 (1990).
[CrossRef]

X. C. Zhang, B. B. Hu, and J. T. Darrow, "Generation of femtosecond electromagnetic pulses from semiconductor surfaces," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1011-1013 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hutchings, D. C.

D. C. Hutchings, and B. S. Wherrett, "Theory of anisotropy of two-photon absorption in zinc-blende semiconductors," Phys. Rev. B 49, 2418-2426 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ji, W.

M. Yin, H. P. Li, S. H. Tang, and W. Ji, "Determination of nonlinear absorption and refraction by single Z-scan method," Appl. Phys. B 70,587-591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jin, Y.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X. C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, "Terahertz optical rectification from <110> zinc-blende crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64,1324-1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

X. C. Zhang, Y. Jin, and X. F. Ma, "Coherent measurement of THz optical rectification from electro-optic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61,2764-2766 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Joffre, M.

A. Bonvalet, M. Joffre, J. L. Martin, and A. Migus, "Generation of ultrabroadband femtosecond pulses in the mid-infrared by optical rectification of 15 fs light pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67,2907-2909 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Larkin, J.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X. C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, "Terahertz optical rectification from <110> zinc-blende crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64,1324-1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Li, H. P.

M. Yin, H. P. Li, S. H. Tang, and W. Ji, "Determination of nonlinear absorption and refraction by single Z-scan method," Appl. Phys. B 70,587-591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ma, X. F.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X. C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, "Terahertz optical rectification from <110> zinc-blende crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64,1324-1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

X. C. Zhang, Y. Jin, and X. F. Ma, "Coherent measurement of THz optical rectification from electro-optic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61,2764-2766 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Martin, J. L.

A. Bonvalet, M. Joffre, J. L. Martin, and A. Migus, "Generation of ultrabroadband femtosecond pulses in the mid-infrared by optical rectification of 15 fs light pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67,2907-2909 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Migus, A.

A. Bonvalet, M. Joffre, J. L. Martin, and A. Migus, "Generation of ultrabroadband femtosecond pulses in the mid-infrared by optical rectification of 15 fs light pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67,2907-2909 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Murayama, M.

M. Murayama, and T. Nakayama, "Symmetry-induced anisotropy of two-photon absorption spectra in zinc-blende semiconductors," Phys. Rev. B 55, 9628-9636 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nahata, A.

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, "A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69,2321-2323 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nakayama, T.

M. Murayama, and T. Nakayama, "Symmetry-induced anisotropy of two-photon absorption spectra in zinc-blende semiconductors," Phys. Rev. B 55, 9628-9636 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, H.

S. Wu, Z. Q. Ren, W. Z. Shen, H. Ogawa, and Q. X. Guo, "Effects of dry etching processes on effective refractive index of ZnTe surface layers in terahertz region," J. Appl. Phys. 94,3800-3804 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ren, Z. Q.

S. Wu, Z. Q. Ren, W. Z. Shen, H. Ogawa, and Q. X. Guo, "Effects of dry etching processes on effective refractive index of ZnTe surface layers in terahertz region," J. Appl. Phys. 94,3800-3804 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rice, A.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X. C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, "Terahertz optical rectification from <110> zinc-blende crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64,1324-1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rouyer, C.

J. P. Caumes, L. Videau, C. Rouyer, and E. Freysz, "Kerr-like nonlinearity induced via Terahertz generation and the electro-optical effect in Zinc Blende Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89,047401 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saeta, P. N.

P. N. Saeta, and B. I. Greene, "Short terahertz pulses from semiconductor surfaces: The importance of bulk difference-frequency mixing," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63,3482-3484 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Said, A. A.

R. DeSalvo, M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Z-scan measurements of the anisotropy of nonlinear refraction and absorption in crystals," Opt. Lett. 18, 194-196 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Said, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, T. Wei, J. Wang, J. Young, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Determination of bound-electronic and free-carrier nonlinearities in ZnSe, GaAs, CdTe, and ZnTe," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 9,405-413 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26,760-769 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, and E. W. Van Stryland, "High-sensitivity, single-beam n2 measurements," Opt. Lett. 14,955-957 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sheik-Bahae, M.

R. DeSalvo, M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Z-scan measurements of the anisotropy of nonlinear refraction and absorption in crystals," Opt. Lett. 18, 194-196 (1993).
[CrossRef]

R. DeSalvo, D. J. Hagan, M. Sheik-Bahae, G. Stegeman, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Self-focusing and self-defocusing by cascaded second-order effects in KTP," Opt. Lett. 17,28-30 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Said, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, T. Wei, J. Wang, J. Young, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Determination of bound-electronic and free-carrier nonlinearities in ZnSe, GaAs, CdTe, and ZnTe," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 9,405-413 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26,760-769 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, and E. W. Van Stryland, "High-sensitivity, single-beam n2 measurements," Opt. Lett. 14,955-957 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Shen, W. Z.

S. Wu, Z. Q. Ren, W. Z. Shen, H. Ogawa, and Q. X. Guo, "Effects of dry etching processes on effective refractive index of ZnTe surface layers in terahertz region," J. Appl. Phys. 94,3800-3804 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

Y. R. Shen, "Far-infrared generation by optical mixing," Prog. Quantum Electron. 4,207-232 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P. R.

B. B. Hu, X. C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, and P. R. Smith, "Free-space radiation from electro-optic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 506-508 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Spreiter, R.

Ch. Bosshard, R. Spreiter, M. Zgonik, and P. Gunter, "Kerr nonlinearity via cascaded optical rectification and the linear electro-optic effect," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74,2816-2819 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stegeman, G.

Stegeman, G. I.

Sundheimer, M. L.

Tang, S. H.

M. Yin, H. P. Li, S. H. Tang, and W. Ji, "Determination of nonlinear absorption and refraction by single Z-scan method," Appl. Phys. B 70,587-591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E. W.

Videau, L.

J. P. Caumes, L. Videau, C. Rouyer, and E. Freysz, "Kerr-like nonlinearity induced via Terahertz generation and the electro-optical effect in Zinc Blende Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89,047401 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

A. A. Said, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, T. Wei, J. Wang, J. Young, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Determination of bound-electronic and free-carrier nonlinearities in ZnSe, GaAs, CdTe, and ZnTe," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 9,405-413 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wei, T.

A. A. Said, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, T. Wei, J. Wang, J. Young, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Determination of bound-electronic and free-carrier nonlinearities in ZnSe, GaAs, CdTe, and ZnTe," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 9,405-413 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wei, T. H.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26,760-769 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weling, A. S.

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, "A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69,2321-2323 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wherrett, B. S.

D. C. Hutchings, and B. S. Wherrett, "Theory of anisotropy of two-photon absorption in zinc-blende semiconductors," Phys. Rev. B 49, 2418-2426 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, S.

S. Wu, Z. Q. Ren, W. Z. Shen, H. Ogawa, and Q. X. Guo, "Effects of dry etching processes on effective refractive index of ZnTe surface layers in terahertz region," J. Appl. Phys. 94,3800-3804 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xu, L.

L. Xu, X. C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, "Terahertz beam generation by femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic materials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1784-1786 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yin, M.

M. Yin, H. P. Li, S. H. Tang, and W. Ji, "Determination of nonlinear absorption and refraction by single Z-scan method," Appl. Phys. B 70,587-591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Young, J.

A. A. Said, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, T. Wei, J. Wang, J. Young, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Determination of bound-electronic and free-carrier nonlinearities in ZnSe, GaAs, CdTe, and ZnTe," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 9,405-413 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zgonik, M.

Ch. Bosshard, R. Spreiter, M. Zgonik, and P. Gunter, "Kerr nonlinearity via cascaded optical rectification and the linear electro-optic effect," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74,2816-2819 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X. C.

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X. C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, "Terahertz optical rectification from <110> zinc-blende crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64,1324-1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

X. C. Zhang, Y. Jin, and X. F. Ma, "Coherent measurement of THz optical rectification from electro-optic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61,2764-2766 (1992).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, X. C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, "Terahertz beam generation by femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic materials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1784-1786 (1992).
[CrossRef]

X. C. Zhang, B. B. Hu, and J. T. Darrow, "Generation of femtosecond electromagnetic pulses from semiconductor surfaces," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1011-1013 (1990).
[CrossRef]

B. B. Hu, X. C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, and P. R. Smith, "Free-space radiation from electro-optic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 506-508 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Yin, H. P. Li, S. H. Tang, and W. Ji, "Determination of nonlinear absorption and refraction by single Z-scan method," Appl. Phys. B 70,587-591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (8)

B. B. Hu, X. C. Zhang, D. H. Auston, and P. R. Smith, "Free-space radiation from electro-optic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 506-508 (1990).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, X. C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, "Terahertz beam generation by femtosecond optical pulses in electro-optic materials," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1784-1786 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. Bonvalet, M. Joffre, J. L. Martin, and A. Migus, "Generation of ultrabroadband femtosecond pulses in the mid-infrared by optical rectification of 15 fs light pulses at 100 MHz repetition rate," Appl. Phys. Lett. 67,2907-2909 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Nahata, A. S. Weling, and T. F. Heinz, "A wideband coherent terahertz spectroscopy system using optical rectification and electro-optic sampling," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69,2321-2323 (1996).
[CrossRef]

X. C. Zhang, B. B. Hu, and J. T. Darrow, "Generation of femtosecond electromagnetic pulses from semiconductor surfaces," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1011-1013 (1990).
[CrossRef]

P. N. Saeta, and B. I. Greene, "Short terahertz pulses from semiconductor surfaces: The importance of bulk difference-frequency mixing," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63,3482-3484 (1993).
[CrossRef]

X. C. Zhang, Y. Jin, and X. F. Ma, "Coherent measurement of THz optical rectification from electro-optic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 61,2764-2766 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. Rice, Y. Jin, X. F. Ma, X. C. Zhang, D. Bliss, J. Larkin, and M. Alexander, "Terahertz optical rectification from <110> zinc-blende crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64,1324-1326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26,760-769 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Wu, Z. Q. Ren, W. Z. Shen, H. Ogawa, and Q. X. Guo, "Effects of dry etching processes on effective refractive index of ZnTe surface layers in terahertz region," J. Appl. Phys. 94,3800-3804 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. (1)

A. A. Said, M. Sheik-Bahae, D. J. Hagan, T. Wei, J. Wang, J. Young, and E. W. Van Stryland, "Determination of bound-electronic and free-carrier nonlinearities in ZnSe, GaAs, CdTe, and ZnTe," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 9,405-413 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

D. C. Hutchings, and B. S. Wherrett, "Theory of anisotropy of two-photon absorption in zinc-blende semiconductors," Phys. Rev. B 49, 2418-2426 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Murayama, and T. Nakayama, "Symmetry-induced anisotropy of two-photon absorption spectra in zinc-blende semiconductors," Phys. Rev. B 55, 9628-9636 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

J. P. Caumes, L. Videau, C. Rouyer, and E. Freysz, "Kerr-like nonlinearity induced via Terahertz generation and the electro-optical effect in Zinc Blende Crystals," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89,047401 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ch. Bosshard, R. Spreiter, M. Zgonik, and P. Gunter, "Kerr nonlinearity via cascaded optical rectification and the linear electro-optic effect," Phys. Rev. Lett. 74,2816-2819 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Biaggio, "Nonlocal contributions to degenerate four-wave mixing in Noncentrosymmetric materials," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82,193-196 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. R. Shen, "Far-infrared generation by optical mixing," Prog. Quantum Electron. 4,207-232 (1976).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Z-scan curves (closed aperture (CA) and open aperture (OA)) of (110), (111) and (100) oriented ZnTe crystals measured with femtosecond laser pulses at 790 nm, respectively. The solid lines are fitting curves.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Angular dependence of the nonlinear refractive index as a function of the normally incident polarization angle for (110), (111) and (100) ZnTe crystals, respectively.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured angular dependence of the nonlinear absorption as a function of the normally incident polarization angle for (110), (111) and (100) ZnTe crystals, respectively.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n 2 = n 2 K e r r + n 2 SHG + n 2 OR + n 2 T H z
n 2 = n 2 K e r r A + B cos ( 2 θ )
E T H z P = d 14 E 0 2 [ sin 2 θ ( 1 + 3 cos 2 θ ) ] 1 2
tan ϕ = 2 cot θ
n 2 T H z ( θ ) sin θ ( 1 + 3 sin 2 ϕ ) 1 2 [ cos ϕ + ( 1 + 3 sin 2 ϕ ) 1 2 cos 2 ( θ φ ) ) ]
n 2 T H z ( θ ) cos 2 θ 3 6 + 1 2 ( 32 27 + 40 27 sin 2 2 θ ) 1 2 cos 2 ( θ φ )

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