Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a tunable Q-switched erbium doped fiber laser with a digitally controlled micro-mirror array device. The tunable and pulsed output of the laser was achieved by the pixelated spatial modulation of the micro-mirror array. The wavelength tuning from 1530 nm to 1555 nm was shown with wavelength selectivity of ~0.1 nm and the pulsed operation was accomplished with 130 Hz repetition rate.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. L. Scrivener, E. J. Tarbox, and P. D. Maton, "Narrow linewidth tunable operation of Er3+-doped single mode fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 25, 549-550 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, and P. E. Pramayon, "Electrically tunable, diode-pumped Erbium-doped fiber ring laser with fiber Fabry-Perot etalon," Electron. Lett. 27, 1950-1951 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Th. Pfeiffer, H. Schmuck, and H. Bülow, "Output power characteristics of Erbium-doped fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 847-849 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. C. Yew, G. J. Cowle, and R. A. Minasian, "Optimization of wavelength tuning of erbium-doped fiber ring lasers," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1730-1739 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Hua and J. Conrdi, "Single polarization wavelength-tunable fiber laser with a nonreciprocal cavity," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1913-1918 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. T. Chieng and R. A. Minasian, "Tunable Erbium-doped fiber lasers with a reflection Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 153-156 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. A. Smith, M. W. Maeda, J. J. Johnson, J. S. Patel, M. A. Saifi, and V. Lehman, "Acoustically tuned Erbium-doped fiber ring laser," Opt. Lett. 16, 387-389 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. X. Dong, N. Q. Ngo, P. Shum, H. Tam, and X. Dong, "Linear cavity erbium-doped fiber laser with over 100 nm tuning range," Opt. Express 11, 1689-1694 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. N. Nishizawa, Y. Chen, P. Hsiung, V. Sharma, T. H. Ko, and J. G. Fujimoto,"All fiber high resolution OCT system using an ultrashort pulse high power fiber laser," in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2004(CLEO2004), vol.1, p.2 (2004).
  10. N. A. Riza and S. Sumriddetchkajorn, "Two dimensional digital micromirror device based 2 x 2 fiber-optic switch array," IEEE LEOS Ann. Mtgs. Digest, Dec., 1998.
  11. N. A. Riza and S. Sumriddetchkajorn, "Versatile multi-wavelength fiber-optic switch and attenuator structures using mirror manipulations," Opt. Commun. 169, 233-244 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. N. A. Riza and S. Sumriddetchkajorn, "Small tilt micromirror device-based multiwavelength three dimensional 2 x 2 fiber-optic switch structures," Opt. Eng. 39, 379-386 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. W. M. Duncan, T. Bartlett, E. M. Koontz, B. Lee, D. Powell, P. Rancuret, and B. Sawyers, "Dynamic optical filtering in DWDM systems using the DMD," in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on International Semiconductor Device Research Symposium 2001 (IEEE, 2001) p. 430.
  14. N. A. Riza and M. J. Mughal, "Broadband optical equalizer using fault tolerant digital micromirrors," Opt. Express 11, 1559-1565 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. N. A. Riza and F. N. Ghauri, "Hybrid analog-digital MEMS fiber-optic variable attenuator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 124-126 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. N. A. Riza and M. J. Mughal, "Fault-tolerant photonics for routing and gain controls," in WDM and Photonic Switching Devices for Network Applications III, R. T. Chen and J. C. Chon; Eds. Proc. SPIE 4653, 11-17 (2002).
  17. V. N. Filippov, N. Andrei and A. V. Kiryanov, "All fiber passively Q-switched low-threshold erbium laser," Opt. Lett. 26, 343-345 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  18. O. G. Okhotnikov and J. R. Salcedo, "Dispersively Q-switched Er fiber laser with intracavity 1.48 μm laser diode as pumping source and nonlinear modulator," Electron. Lett. 30, 702-704 (1994).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

N. A. Riza and F. N. Ghauri, "Hybrid analog-digital MEMS fiber-optic variable attenuator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 124-126 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

N. A. Riza and S. Sumriddetchkajorn, "Small tilt micromirror device-based multiwavelength three dimensional 2 x 2 fiber-optic switch structures," Opt. Eng. 39, 379-386 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

N. A. Riza and S. Sumriddetchkajorn, "Versatile multi-wavelength fiber-optic switch and attenuator structures using mirror manipulations," Opt. Commun. 169, 233-244 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

T. C. Yew, G. J. Cowle, and R. A. Minasian, "Optimization of wavelength tuning of erbium-doped fiber ring lasers," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1730-1739 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

Y. Hua and J. Conrdi, "Single polarization wavelength-tunable fiber laser with a nonreciprocal cavity," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1913-1918 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

Y. T. Chieng and R. A. Minasian, "Tunable Erbium-doped fiber lasers with a reflection Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 153-156 (1994).
[CrossRef]

O. G. Okhotnikov and J. R. Salcedo, "Dispersively Q-switched Er fiber laser with intracavity 1.48 μm laser diode as pumping source and nonlinear modulator," Electron. Lett. 30, 702-704 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

Th. Pfeiffer, H. Schmuck, and H. Bülow, "Output power characteristics of Erbium-doped fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 847-849 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

D. A. Smith, M. W. Maeda, J. J. Johnson, J. S. Patel, M. A. Saifi, and V. Lehman, "Acoustically tuned Erbium-doped fiber ring laser," Opt. Lett. 16, 387-389 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, and P. E. Pramayon, "Electrically tunable, diode-pumped Erbium-doped fiber ring laser with fiber Fabry-Perot etalon," Electron. Lett. 27, 1950-1951 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

P. L. Scrivener, E. J. Tarbox, and P. D. Maton, "Narrow linewidth tunable operation of Er3+-doped single mode fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 25, 549-550 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Andrei, N.

Bülow, H.

Th. Pfeiffer, H. Schmuck, and H. Bülow, "Output power characteristics of Erbium-doped fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 847-849 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chieng, Y. T.

Y. T. Chieng and R. A. Minasian, "Tunable Erbium-doped fiber lasers with a reflection Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 153-156 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Conrdi, J.

Y. Hua and J. Conrdi, "Single polarization wavelength-tunable fiber laser with a nonreciprocal cavity," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1913-1918 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cowle, G. J.

T. C. Yew, G. J. Cowle, and R. A. Minasian, "Optimization of wavelength tuning of erbium-doped fiber ring lasers," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1730-1739 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Digiovanni, D. J.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, and P. E. Pramayon, "Electrically tunable, diode-pumped Erbium-doped fiber ring laser with fiber Fabry-Perot etalon," Electron. Lett. 27, 1950-1951 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X.

Filippov, V. N.

Ghauri, F. N.

N. A. Riza and F. N. Ghauri, "Hybrid analog-digital MEMS fiber-optic variable attenuator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 124-126 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hua, Y.

Y. Hua and J. Conrdi, "Single polarization wavelength-tunable fiber laser with a nonreciprocal cavity," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1913-1918 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, J. J.

Kiryanov, A. V.

Lehman, V.

Maeda, M. W.

Maton, P. D.

P. L. Scrivener, E. J. Tarbox, and P. D. Maton, "Narrow linewidth tunable operation of Er3+-doped single mode fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 25, 549-550 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Minasian, R. A.

T. C. Yew, G. J. Cowle, and R. A. Minasian, "Optimization of wavelength tuning of erbium-doped fiber ring lasers," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1730-1739 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. T. Chieng and R. A. Minasian, "Tunable Erbium-doped fiber lasers with a reflection Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 153-156 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mughal, M. J.

Ngo, N. Q.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

O. G. Okhotnikov and J. R. Salcedo, "Dispersively Q-switched Er fiber laser with intracavity 1.48 μm laser diode as pumping source and nonlinear modulator," Electron. Lett. 30, 702-704 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Patel, J. S.

Pfeiffer, Th.

Th. Pfeiffer, H. Schmuck, and H. Bülow, "Output power characteristics of Erbium-doped fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 847-849 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Piccirilli, A.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, and P. E. Pramayon, "Electrically tunable, diode-pumped Erbium-doped fiber ring laser with fiber Fabry-Perot etalon," Electron. Lett. 27, 1950-1951 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Pramayon, P. E.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, and P. E. Pramayon, "Electrically tunable, diode-pumped Erbium-doped fiber ring laser with fiber Fabry-Perot etalon," Electron. Lett. 27, 1950-1951 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Presby, H. M.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, and P. E. Pramayon, "Electrically tunable, diode-pumped Erbium-doped fiber ring laser with fiber Fabry-Perot etalon," Electron. Lett. 27, 1950-1951 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Riza, N. A.

N. A. Riza and F. N. Ghauri, "Hybrid analog-digital MEMS fiber-optic variable attenuator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 124-126 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Riza and M. J. Mughal, "Broadband optical equalizer using fault tolerant digital micromirrors," Opt. Express 11, 1559-1565 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. A. Riza and S. Sumriddetchkajorn, "Small tilt micromirror device-based multiwavelength three dimensional 2 x 2 fiber-optic switch structures," Opt. Eng. 39, 379-386 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Riza and S. Sumriddetchkajorn, "Versatile multi-wavelength fiber-optic switch and attenuator structures using mirror manipulations," Opt. Commun. 169, 233-244 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Saifi, M. A.

Salcedo, J. R.

O. G. Okhotnikov and J. R. Salcedo, "Dispersively Q-switched Er fiber laser with intracavity 1.48 μm laser diode as pumping source and nonlinear modulator," Electron. Lett. 30, 702-704 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Schmuck, H.

Th. Pfeiffer, H. Schmuck, and H. Bülow, "Output power characteristics of Erbium-doped fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 847-849 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Scrivener, P. L.

P. L. Scrivener, E. J. Tarbox, and P. D. Maton, "Narrow linewidth tunable operation of Er3+-doped single mode fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 25, 549-550 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Shum, P.

Smith, D. A.

Stone, J.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, and P. E. Pramayon, "Electrically tunable, diode-pumped Erbium-doped fiber ring laser with fiber Fabry-Perot etalon," Electron. Lett. 27, 1950-1951 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Stulz, L. W.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, and P. E. Pramayon, "Electrically tunable, diode-pumped Erbium-doped fiber ring laser with fiber Fabry-Perot etalon," Electron. Lett. 27, 1950-1951 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sulhoff, J. W.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, and P. E. Pramayon, "Electrically tunable, diode-pumped Erbium-doped fiber ring laser with fiber Fabry-Perot etalon," Electron. Lett. 27, 1950-1951 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sumriddetchkajorn, S.

N. A. Riza and S. Sumriddetchkajorn, "Small tilt micromirror device-based multiwavelength three dimensional 2 x 2 fiber-optic switch structures," Opt. Eng. 39, 379-386 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Riza and S. Sumriddetchkajorn, "Versatile multi-wavelength fiber-optic switch and attenuator structures using mirror manipulations," Opt. Commun. 169, 233-244 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tam, H.

Tarbox, E. J.

P. L. Scrivener, E. J. Tarbox, and P. D. Maton, "Narrow linewidth tunable operation of Er3+-doped single mode fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 25, 549-550 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Yew, T. C.

T. C. Yew, G. J. Cowle, and R. A. Minasian, "Optimization of wavelength tuning of erbium-doped fiber ring lasers," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1730-1739 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zyskind, J. L.

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, and P. E. Pramayon, "Electrically tunable, diode-pumped Erbium-doped fiber ring laser with fiber Fabry-Perot etalon," Electron. Lett. 27, 1950-1951 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

P. L. Scrivener, E. J. Tarbox, and P. D. Maton, "Narrow linewidth tunable operation of Er3+-doped single mode fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 25, 549-550 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Zyskind, J. W. Sulhoff, J. Stone, D. J. Digiovanni, L. W. Stulz, H. M. Presby, A. Piccirilli, and P. E. Pramayon, "Electrically tunable, diode-pumped Erbium-doped fiber ring laser with fiber Fabry-Perot etalon," Electron. Lett. 27, 1950-1951 (1991).
[CrossRef]

O. G. Okhotnikov and J. R. Salcedo, "Dispersively Q-switched Er fiber laser with intracavity 1.48 μm laser diode as pumping source and nonlinear modulator," Electron. Lett. 30, 702-704 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

T. C. Yew, G. J. Cowle, and R. A. Minasian, "Optimization of wavelength tuning of erbium-doped fiber ring lasers," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 1730-1739 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. Hua and J. Conrdi, "Single polarization wavelength-tunable fiber laser with a nonreciprocal cavity," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1913-1918 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

Y. T. Chieng and R. A. Minasian, "Tunable Erbium-doped fiber lasers with a reflection Mach-Zehnder interferometer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 153-156 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Th. Pfeiffer, H. Schmuck, and H. Bülow, "Output power characteristics of Erbium-doped fiber ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 847-849 (1992).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Riza and F. N. Ghauri, "Hybrid analog-digital MEMS fiber-optic variable attenuator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 124-126 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

N. A. Riza and S. Sumriddetchkajorn, "Versatile multi-wavelength fiber-optic switch and attenuator structures using mirror manipulations," Opt. Commun. 169, 233-244 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

N. A. Riza and S. Sumriddetchkajorn, "Small tilt micromirror device-based multiwavelength three dimensional 2 x 2 fiber-optic switch structures," Opt. Eng. 39, 379-386 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (4)

N. A. Riza and M. J. Mughal, "Fault-tolerant photonics for routing and gain controls," in WDM and Photonic Switching Devices for Network Applications III, R. T. Chen and J. C. Chon; Eds. Proc. SPIE 4653, 11-17 (2002).

W. M. Duncan, T. Bartlett, E. M. Koontz, B. Lee, D. Powell, P. Rancuret, and B. Sawyers, "Dynamic optical filtering in DWDM systems using the DMD," in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on International Semiconductor Device Research Symposium 2001 (IEEE, 2001) p. 430.

N. Nishizawa, Y. Chen, P. Hsiung, V. Sharma, T. H. Ko, and J. G. Fujimoto,"All fiber high resolution OCT system using an ultrashort pulse high power fiber laser," in Proceedings of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2004(CLEO2004), vol.1, p.2 (2004).

N. A. Riza and S. Sumriddetchkajorn, "Two dimensional digital micromirror device based 2 x 2 fiber-optic switch array," IEEE LEOS Ann. Mtgs. Digest, Dec., 1998.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the tunable Q-switched fiber laser with a single micro-mirror and a tunable filter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Switching response of the DMMA at the repetition rate of 66 Hz. (b) The Q-switched pulse train of the laser when the pump current was 70 mA.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Typical Q-switched pulse waveform for modulation frequency at 66 Hz. (b) Corresponding optical spectrum.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The average output power as function of pump current. The repetition rate is ~66 Hz.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The configuration of the electronically tunable and Q-switched fiber laser.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Mosaic of mirror pixels in the DMMA. The DMMA consist of 1024 x 768 individually addressable mirror pixels. (Blue shaded area represents the positive tilt state of mirror columns for selecting the lasing wavelength)

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

(a) Spectral reflectivity of the diffraction grating-DMMA. (b) Response function of the mirror column (18×768) at 550 pixel address.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

(a)The laser output spectra of proposed laser along the center position of reflecting mirror columns from 150 to 800 pixel-address. (b) The tuning lasing wavelength versus the reflecting mirror array position.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

(a) The modulation response of the DMMA with a period of 7.74 msec. (b) The typical output pulse train and pulse waveform of the tunable Q-switched fiber laser. The center position of reflecting mirror columns is 450 pixel-address. (c) Corresponding optical spectrum.

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