Abstract

We have developed a fiber-based frequency comb system consisting of a simple mode-locked fiber laser and a backward pumping amplifier combined with a highly nonlinear fiber with a short zero-dispersion wavelength. As a result, the signal to noise ratio of the obtained carrier-envelope-offset frequency beat is larger than 45 dB at a bandwidth of 100 kHz. Furthermore, we have succeeded in measuring the optical frequencies of a 1542-nm acetylene-stabilized laser and a 532-nm iodine-stabilized Nd:YAG laser continuously for more than one week using the fiber-based comb system. The long-term measurement revealed that the frequency stability of the iodine-stabilized laser was 5.7×10-15 with 100 000 s averaging.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch. "Absolute optical frequency measurement of the cesium D1 line with a mode-locked laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568-3571 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stenz, R. S. Windler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff. "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Onae, T. Ikegami, K. Sugiyama, F-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, K. Nakagawa, M. Yoshida and, S. Harada, "Optical frequency link between an acetylene stabilized laser at 1542 nm and an Rb stabilized laser at 778 nm using a two-colour mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 183, 181-187 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Tauser, A. Leitenstorfer, and W. Zinth, "Amplified femtosecond pulses from an Er fiber system: Nonlinear pulse shortening and self-referencing detection of the carrier-envelope-phase evolution," Opt. Express 11, 594-600 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, H. Inaba, H. Takada, A. Hirai, H. Matsumoto, T. Sugiura, and M. Yoshida, "Broad-spectrum frequency comb generation and carrier-envelope offset frequency measurement by second harmonic generation of a mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 1-3 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. R. Washburn, S. A. Diddams, N. R. Newbury, J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, and C. G. Jørgensen, "Phaselocked, erbium-fiber-laser-based frequency comb in the near infrared," Opt. Lett. 29, 250-252 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, "Frequency metrology with a turnkey all-fiber system," Opt. Lett. 29, 2467-2469 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. F. Adler, K. Moutzouris, A. Leitenstorfer, H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, G. Grosche, and F. Tauser, "Phase-locked two-branch erbium-doped fiber laser system for long-term precision measurements of optical frequencies," Opt. Express 12, 5872-5880 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. H. Hundertmark, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, N. Haverkamp, and H. R. Telle, "Phase-locked carrier-envelope offset frequency at 1560 nm," Opt. Express 12, 770-775 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. Kubina, P. Adel, F. Adler, G. Grosche, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, A. Leitenstorfer, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, "Long term comparison of two fiber based frequency comb systems," Opt. Express 13, 904-909 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. K. Tamura, J. Jacobson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Unidirectional ring resonator for selfstarting passively mode-locked lasers," Opt. Lett. 18, 220-222 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. N. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, T. Sugawa, and Y. Kimura, "Continuum suppressed, uniformly repetitive 136 fs pulse generation from an erbium-doped fibre laser with nonlinear polarisation rotation," Electron. Lett. 29, 1327-1329 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Okuno, M. Onishi, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, and M. Nishimura, "Silica-based functional fibers with enhanced nonlinearity and their applications," IEEE J. of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 5, 1385 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Inaba, S. Yanagimachi, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, Y. Koga, and H. Matsumoto, "Stability degradation factors evaluated by phase noise measurement in an optical-microwave frequency link using an optical frequency comb," IEEE Trans. on Inst. and Meas. 54-2, 763-766 (2005)
    [CrossRef]
  15. B. Washburn and N. Newbury, "Phase, timing, and amplitude noise on supercontinua generated in microstructure fiber," Opt. Express 12, 2166-2175 (2004)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. A. Onae, K. Minoshima, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamaguchi, M. Kourogi, K. Imai, and B. Widiyatomoko, "Toward an accurate frequency standard at 1.5 µm based on the acetylene overtone band transition," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 563-566 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  17. F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, J. Jiang, R. Guo, H. Inaba, K. Minoshima, T. R. Schibli, and H. Matsumoto, "Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene-stabilized laser at 1542 nm," Opt. Lett. 28, 2324-2326 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. J. Jiang, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, and F.-L. Hong, "Frequency measurement of acetylene-stabilized lasers using a femtosecond optical comb without carrier-envelope offset frequency control," Opt. Express 13, 1958-1965 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. L.-S. Ma, M. Zucco, S. Picard, L. Robertsson, and R. S. Windeler, "A new method to determine the absolute mode number of a mode-locked femtosecond-laser comb used for absolute optical frequency measurements," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1066-1071 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  20. C. S. Edwards, H. S. Margolis, G. P. Barwood, S. N. Lea, P. Gill, G. Huang, W. R. C. Rowley, "Absolute frequency measurement of a 1.5-μm acetylene standard by use of a combined frequency chain and femtosecond comb," Opt. Lett. 29, 566-568 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. A. Czajkowski, J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, R. S. Windeler, "Absolute frequency measurement of acetylene transitions in the region of 1540 nm," Appl. Phys. B 79, 45-50 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  22. P. Balling, M. Fischer, P. Kubina and R. Holzwarth, "Absolute frequency measurement of wavelength standard at 1542nm: acetylene stabilized DFB laser," Opt. Express 13, 9196-9201 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. P. Lesage, "Characterization of frequency stability: bias due to the juxtaposition of time-interval measurement," IEEE Trans. on Inst. and Meas. IM-32, 204-207 (1983)
    [CrossRef]
  24. F.-L. Hong, S. A. Diddams, R. Guo, Z.-Y. Bi, A. Onae, H. Inaba, J. Ishikawa, K. Okumura, D. Katsuragi, J. Hirata, T. Shimizu, T. Kurosu, Y. Koga, and H. Matsumoto, "Frequency measurements and hyperfine structure of the R(85)33- 0 transition of molecular iodine with a femtosecond optical comb," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 88-95 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  25. F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Y. Zhang, R. Guo, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Frequency reproducibility of an iodine-stabilized Nd:YAG laser at 532 nm," Opt. Commun. 235, 377-385 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2005

2004

A. Czajkowski, J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, R. S. Windeler, "Absolute frequency measurement of acetylene transitions in the region of 1540 nm," Appl. Phys. B 79, 45-50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Y. Zhang, R. Guo, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Frequency reproducibility of an iodine-stabilized Nd:YAG laser at 532 nm," Opt. Commun. 235, 377-385 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, S. A. Diddams, R. Guo, Z.-Y. Bi, A. Onae, H. Inaba, J. Ishikawa, K. Okumura, D. Katsuragi, J. Hirata, T. Shimizu, T. Kurosu, Y. Koga, and H. Matsumoto, "Frequency measurements and hyperfine structure of the R(85)33- 0 transition of molecular iodine with a femtosecond optical comb," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 88-95 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. R. Washburn, S. A. Diddams, N. R. Newbury, J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, and C. G. Jørgensen, "Phaselocked, erbium-fiber-laser-based frequency comb in the near infrared," Opt. Lett. 29, 250-252 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. S. Edwards, H. S. Margolis, G. P. Barwood, S. N. Lea, P. Gill, G. Huang, W. R. C. Rowley, "Absolute frequency measurement of a 1.5-μm acetylene standard by use of a combined frequency chain and femtosecond comb," Opt. Lett. 29, 566-568 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Hundertmark, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, N. Haverkamp, and H. R. Telle, "Phase-locked carrier-envelope offset frequency at 1560 nm," Opt. Express 12, 770-775 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Washburn and N. Newbury, "Phase, timing, and amplitude noise on supercontinua generated in microstructure fiber," Opt. Express 12, 2166-2175 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, "Frequency metrology with a turnkey all-fiber system," Opt. Lett. 29, 2467-2469 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Adler, K. Moutzouris, A. Leitenstorfer, H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, G. Grosche, and F. Tauser, "Phase-locked two-branch erbium-doped fiber laser system for long-term precision measurements of optical frequencies," Opt. Express 12, 5872-5880 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

F. Tauser, A. Leitenstorfer, and W. Zinth, "Amplified femtosecond pulses from an Er fiber system: Nonlinear pulse shortening and self-referencing detection of the carrier-envelope-phase evolution," Opt. Express 11, 594-600 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, J. Jiang, R. Guo, H. Inaba, K. Minoshima, T. R. Schibli, and H. Matsumoto, "Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene-stabilized laser at 1542 nm," Opt. Lett. 28, 2324-2326 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, H. Inaba, H. Takada, A. Hirai, H. Matsumoto, T. Sugiura, and M. Yoshida, "Broad-spectrum frequency comb generation and carrier-envelope offset frequency measurement by second harmonic generation of a mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 1-3 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L.-S. Ma, M. Zucco, S. Picard, L. Robertsson, and R. S. Windeler, "A new method to determine the absolute mode number of a mode-locked femtosecond-laser comb used for absolute optical frequency measurements," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1066-1071 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stenz, R. S. Windler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff. "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Onae, T. Ikegami, K. Sugiyama, F-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, K. Nakagawa, M. Yoshida and, S. Harada, "Optical frequency link between an acetylene stabilized laser at 1542 nm and an Rb stabilized laser at 778 nm using a two-colour mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 183, 181-187 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch. "Absolute optical frequency measurement of the cesium D1 line with a mode-locked laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568-3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Okuno, M. Onishi, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, and M. Nishimura, "Silica-based functional fibers with enhanced nonlinearity and their applications," IEEE J. of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 5, 1385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Onae, K. Minoshima, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamaguchi, M. Kourogi, K. Imai, and B. Widiyatomoko, "Toward an accurate frequency standard at 1.5 µm based on the acetylene overtone band transition," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 563-566 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1993

N. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, T. Sugawa, and Y. Kimura, "Continuum suppressed, uniformly repetitive 136 fs pulse generation from an erbium-doped fibre laser with nonlinear polarisation rotation," Electron. Lett. 29, 1327-1329 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Tamura, J. Jacobson, E. P. Ippen, H. A. Haus, and J. G. Fujimoto, "Unidirectional ring resonator for selfstarting passively mode-locked lasers," Opt. Lett. 18, 220-222 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adel, P.

Adler, F.

Balling, P.

Barwood, G. P.

Bernard, J. E.

A. Czajkowski, J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, R. S. Windeler, "Absolute frequency measurement of acetylene transitions in the region of 1540 nm," Appl. Phys. B 79, 45-50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bi, Z.-Y.

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stenz, R. S. Windler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff. "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Czajkowski, A.

A. Czajkowski, J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, R. S. Windeler, "Absolute frequency measurement of acetylene transitions in the region of 1540 nm," Appl. Phys. B 79, 45-50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S. A.

Edwards, C. S.

Fallnich, C.

Fermann, M. E.

Fischer, M.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gill, P.

Grosche, G.

Guo, R.

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stenz, R. S. Windler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff. "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

P. Kubina, P. Adel, F. Adler, G. Grosche, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, A. Leitenstorfer, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, "Long term comparison of two fiber based frequency comb systems," Opt. Express 13, 904-909 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch. "Absolute optical frequency measurement of the cesium D1 line with a mode-locked laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568-3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

Haus, H. A.

Haverkamp, N.

Hirai, A.

F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, H. Inaba, H. Takada, A. Hirai, H. Matsumoto, T. Sugiura, and M. Yoshida, "Broad-spectrum frequency comb generation and carrier-envelope offset frequency measurement by second harmonic generation of a mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 1-3 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hirata, J.

Holzwarth, R.

Hong, F.-L.

J. Jiang, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, and F.-L. Hong, "Frequency measurement of acetylene-stabilized lasers using a femtosecond optical comb without carrier-envelope offset frequency control," Opt. Express 13, 1958-1965 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Y. Zhang, R. Guo, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Frequency reproducibility of an iodine-stabilized Nd:YAG laser at 532 nm," Opt. Commun. 235, 377-385 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, "Frequency metrology with a turnkey all-fiber system," Opt. Lett. 29, 2467-2469 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.-L. Hong, S. A. Diddams, R. Guo, Z.-Y. Bi, A. Onae, H. Inaba, J. Ishikawa, K. Okumura, D. Katsuragi, J. Hirata, T. Shimizu, T. Kurosu, Y. Koga, and H. Matsumoto, "Frequency measurements and hyperfine structure of the R(85)33- 0 transition of molecular iodine with a femtosecond optical comb," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 88-95 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, J. Jiang, R. Guo, H. Inaba, K. Minoshima, T. R. Schibli, and H. Matsumoto, "Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene-stabilized laser at 1542 nm," Opt. Lett. 28, 2324-2326 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, H. Inaba, H. Takada, A. Hirai, H. Matsumoto, T. Sugiura, and M. Yoshida, "Broad-spectrum frequency comb generation and carrier-envelope offset frequency measurement by second harmonic generation of a mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 1-3 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hong, F-L.

A. Onae, T. Ikegami, K. Sugiyama, F-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, K. Nakagawa, M. Yoshida and, S. Harada, "Optical frequency link between an acetylene stabilized laser at 1542 nm and an Rb stabilized laser at 778 nm using a two-colour mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 183, 181-187 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Huang, G.

Hundertmark, H.

Ikegami, T.

A. Onae, T. Ikegami, K. Sugiyama, F-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, K. Nakagawa, M. Yoshida and, S. Harada, "Optical frequency link between an acetylene stabilized laser at 1542 nm and an Rb stabilized laser at 778 nm using a two-colour mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 183, 181-187 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Imai, K.

A. Onae, K. Minoshima, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamaguchi, M. Kourogi, K. Imai, and B. Widiyatomoko, "Toward an accurate frequency standard at 1.5 µm based on the acetylene overtone band transition," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 563-566 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Inaba, H.

Ippen, E. P.

Ishikawa, J.

Ishikawa, S.

T. Okuno, M. Onishi, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, and M. Nishimura, "Silica-based functional fibers with enhanced nonlinearity and their applications," IEEE J. of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 5, 1385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jacobson, J.

Jiang, J.

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stenz, R. S. Windler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff. "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jørgensen, C. G.

Kashiwada, T.

T. Okuno, M. Onishi, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, and M. Nishimura, "Silica-based functional fibers with enhanced nonlinearity and their applications," IEEE J. of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 5, 1385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Katsuragi, D.

Kimura, Y.

N. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, T. Sugawa, and Y. Kimura, "Continuum suppressed, uniformly repetitive 136 fs pulse generation from an erbium-doped fibre laser with nonlinear polarisation rotation," Electron. Lett. 29, 1327-1329 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Koga, Y.

Kourogi, M.

A. Onae, K. Minoshima, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamaguchi, M. Kourogi, K. Imai, and B. Widiyatomoko, "Toward an accurate frequency standard at 1.5 µm based on the acetylene overtone band transition," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 563-566 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kubina, P.

Kurosu, T.

Lea, S. N.

Leitenstorfer, A.

Lipphardt, B.

Ma, L.-S.

L.-S. Ma, M. Zucco, S. Picard, L. Robertsson, and R. S. Windeler, "A new method to determine the absolute mode number of a mode-locked femtosecond-laser comb used for absolute optical frequency measurements," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1066-1071 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Madej, A. A.

A. Czajkowski, J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, R. S. Windeler, "Absolute frequency measurement of acetylene transitions in the region of 1540 nm," Appl. Phys. B 79, 45-50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Margolis, H. S.

Matsumoto, H.

J. Jiang, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, and F.-L. Hong, "Frequency measurement of acetylene-stabilized lasers using a femtosecond optical comb without carrier-envelope offset frequency control," Opt. Express 13, 1958-1965 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, "Frequency metrology with a turnkey all-fiber system," Opt. Lett. 29, 2467-2469 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.-L. Hong, S. A. Diddams, R. Guo, Z.-Y. Bi, A. Onae, H. Inaba, J. Ishikawa, K. Okumura, D. Katsuragi, J. Hirata, T. Shimizu, T. Kurosu, Y. Koga, and H. Matsumoto, "Frequency measurements and hyperfine structure of the R(85)33- 0 transition of molecular iodine with a femtosecond optical comb," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 88-95 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Y. Zhang, R. Guo, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Frequency reproducibility of an iodine-stabilized Nd:YAG laser at 532 nm," Opt. Commun. 235, 377-385 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, H. Inaba, H. Takada, A. Hirai, H. Matsumoto, T. Sugiura, and M. Yoshida, "Broad-spectrum frequency comb generation and carrier-envelope offset frequency measurement by second harmonic generation of a mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 1-3 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, J. Jiang, R. Guo, H. Inaba, K. Minoshima, T. R. Schibli, and H. Matsumoto, "Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene-stabilized laser at 1542 nm," Opt. Lett. 28, 2324-2326 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Onae, T. Ikegami, K. Sugiyama, F-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, K. Nakagawa, M. Yoshida and, S. Harada, "Optical frequency link between an acetylene stabilized laser at 1542 nm and an Rb stabilized laser at 778 nm using a two-colour mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 183, 181-187 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Minoshima, K.

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, "Frequency metrology with a turnkey all-fiber system," Opt. Lett. 29, 2467-2469 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, J. Jiang, R. Guo, H. Inaba, K. Minoshima, T. R. Schibli, and H. Matsumoto, "Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene-stabilized laser at 1542 nm," Opt. Lett. 28, 2324-2326 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, H. Inaba, H. Takada, A. Hirai, H. Matsumoto, T. Sugiura, and M. Yoshida, "Broad-spectrum frequency comb generation and carrier-envelope offset frequency measurement by second harmonic generation of a mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 1-3 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Onae, T. Ikegami, K. Sugiyama, F-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, K. Nakagawa, M. Yoshida and, S. Harada, "Optical frequency link between an acetylene stabilized laser at 1542 nm and an Rb stabilized laser at 778 nm using a two-colour mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 183, 181-187 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Onae, K. Minoshima, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamaguchi, M. Kourogi, K. Imai, and B. Widiyatomoko, "Toward an accurate frequency standard at 1.5 µm based on the acetylene overtone band transition," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 563-566 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Moutzouris, K.

Nakagawa, K.

A. Onae, T. Ikegami, K. Sugiyama, F-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, K. Nakagawa, M. Yoshida and, S. Harada, "Optical frequency link between an acetylene stabilized laser at 1542 nm and an Rb stabilized laser at 778 nm using a two-colour mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 183, 181-187 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Onae, K. Minoshima, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamaguchi, M. Kourogi, K. Imai, and B. Widiyatomoko, "Toward an accurate frequency standard at 1.5 µm based on the acetylene overtone band transition," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 563-566 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, N.

N. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, T. Sugawa, and Y. Kimura, "Continuum suppressed, uniformly repetitive 136 fs pulse generation from an erbium-doped fibre laser with nonlinear polarisation rotation," Electron. Lett. 29, 1327-1329 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Newbury, N.

Newbury, N. R.

Nicholson, J. W.

Nishimura, M.

T. Okuno, M. Onishi, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, and M. Nishimura, "Silica-based functional fibers with enhanced nonlinearity and their applications," IEEE J. of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 5, 1385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Okumura, K.

Okuno, T.

T. Okuno, M. Onishi, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, and M. Nishimura, "Silica-based functional fibers with enhanced nonlinearity and their applications," IEEE J. of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 5, 1385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Onae, A.

J. Jiang, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, and F.-L. Hong, "Frequency measurement of acetylene-stabilized lasers using a femtosecond optical comb without carrier-envelope offset frequency control," Opt. Express 13, 1958-1965 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. R. Schibli, K. Minoshima, F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, "Frequency metrology with a turnkey all-fiber system," Opt. Lett. 29, 2467-2469 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.-L. Hong, S. A. Diddams, R. Guo, Z.-Y. Bi, A. Onae, H. Inaba, J. Ishikawa, K. Okumura, D. Katsuragi, J. Hirata, T. Shimizu, T. Kurosu, Y. Koga, and H. Matsumoto, "Frequency measurements and hyperfine structure of the R(85)33- 0 transition of molecular iodine with a femtosecond optical comb," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 88-95 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Y. Zhang, R. Guo, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Frequency reproducibility of an iodine-stabilized Nd:YAG laser at 532 nm," Opt. Commun. 235, 377-385 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, J. Jiang, R. Guo, H. Inaba, K. Minoshima, T. R. Schibli, and H. Matsumoto, "Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene-stabilized laser at 1542 nm," Opt. Lett. 28, 2324-2326 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, H. Inaba, H. Takada, A. Hirai, H. Matsumoto, T. Sugiura, and M. Yoshida, "Broad-spectrum frequency comb generation and carrier-envelope offset frequency measurement by second harmonic generation of a mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 1-3 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Onae, T. Ikegami, K. Sugiyama, F-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, K. Nakagawa, M. Yoshida and, S. Harada, "Optical frequency link between an acetylene stabilized laser at 1542 nm and an Rb stabilized laser at 778 nm using a two-colour mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 183, 181-187 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Onae, K. Minoshima, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamaguchi, M. Kourogi, K. Imai, and B. Widiyatomoko, "Toward an accurate frequency standard at 1.5 µm based on the acetylene overtone band transition," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 563-566 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Onishi, M.

T. Okuno, M. Onishi, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, and M. Nishimura, "Silica-based functional fibers with enhanced nonlinearity and their applications," IEEE J. of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 5, 1385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Picard, S.

L.-S. Ma, M. Zucco, S. Picard, L. Robertsson, and R. S. Windeler, "A new method to determine the absolute mode number of a mode-locked femtosecond-laser comb used for absolute optical frequency measurements," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1066-1071 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ranka, J. K.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stenz, R. S. Windler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff. "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reichert, J.

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch. "Absolute optical frequency measurement of the cesium D1 line with a mode-locked laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568-3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Robertsson, L.

L.-S. Ma, M. Zucco, S. Picard, L. Robertsson, and R. S. Windeler, "A new method to determine the absolute mode number of a mode-locked femtosecond-laser comb used for absolute optical frequency measurements," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1066-1071 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rowley, W. R. C.

Schibli, T. R.

Schnatz, H.

Shimizu, T.

Stenz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stenz, R. S. Windler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff. "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sugawa, T.

N. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, T. Sugawa, and Y. Kimura, "Continuum suppressed, uniformly repetitive 136 fs pulse generation from an erbium-doped fibre laser with nonlinear polarisation rotation," Electron. Lett. 29, 1327-1329 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sugiura, T.

F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, H. Inaba, H. Takada, A. Hirai, H. Matsumoto, T. Sugiura, and M. Yoshida, "Broad-spectrum frequency comb generation and carrier-envelope offset frequency measurement by second harmonic generation of a mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 1-3 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sugiyama, K.

A. Onae, T. Ikegami, K. Sugiyama, F-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, K. Nakagawa, M. Yoshida and, S. Harada, "Optical frequency link between an acetylene stabilized laser at 1542 nm and an Rb stabilized laser at 778 nm using a two-colour mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 183, 181-187 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Takada, H.

F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, H. Inaba, H. Takada, A. Hirai, H. Matsumoto, T. Sugiura, and M. Yoshida, "Broad-spectrum frequency comb generation and carrier-envelope offset frequency measurement by second harmonic generation of a mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 1-3 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

Tauser, F.

Telle, H. R.

Udem, Th.

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch. "Absolute optical frequency measurement of the cesium D1 line with a mode-locked laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568-3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wandt, D.

Washburn, B.

Washburn, B. R.

Widiyatomoko, B.

A. Onae, K. Minoshima, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamaguchi, M. Kourogi, K. Imai, and B. Widiyatomoko, "Toward an accurate frequency standard at 1.5 µm based on the acetylene overtone band transition," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 563-566 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

A. Czajkowski, J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, R. S. Windeler, "Absolute frequency measurement of acetylene transitions in the region of 1540 nm," Appl. Phys. B 79, 45-50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

L.-S. Ma, M. Zucco, S. Picard, L. Robertsson, and R. S. Windeler, "A new method to determine the absolute mode number of a mode-locked femtosecond-laser comb used for absolute optical frequency measurements," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1066-1071 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Windler, R. S.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stenz, R. S. Windler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff. "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamaguchi, A.

A. Onae, K. Minoshima, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamaguchi, M. Kourogi, K. Imai, and B. Widiyatomoko, "Toward an accurate frequency standard at 1.5 µm based on the acetylene overtone band transition," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 563-566 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yan, M. F.

Yoda, J.

A. Onae, K. Minoshima, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamaguchi, M. Kourogi, K. Imai, and B. Widiyatomoko, "Toward an accurate frequency standard at 1.5 µm based on the acetylene overtone band transition," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 563-566 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, E.

N. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, T. Sugawa, and Y. Kimura, "Continuum suppressed, uniformly repetitive 136 fs pulse generation from an erbium-doped fibre laser with nonlinear polarisation rotation," Electron. Lett. 29, 1327-1329 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, M.

F.-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, A. Onae, H. Inaba, H. Takada, A. Hirai, H. Matsumoto, T. Sugiura, and M. Yoshida, "Broad-spectrum frequency comb generation and carrier-envelope offset frequency measurement by second harmonic generation of a mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 28, 1-3 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Y. Zhang, R. Guo, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Frequency reproducibility of an iodine-stabilized Nd:YAG laser at 532 nm," Opt. Commun. 235, 377-385 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zinth, W.

Zucco, M.

L.-S. Ma, M. Zucco, S. Picard, L. Robertsson, and R. S. Windeler, "A new method to determine the absolute mode number of a mode-locked femtosecond-laser comb used for absolute optical frequency measurements," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1066-1071 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

A. Czajkowski, J. E. Bernard, A. A. Madej, R. S. Windeler, "Absolute frequency measurement of acetylene transitions in the region of 1540 nm," Appl. Phys. B 79, 45-50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

N. Nakazawa, E. Yoshida, T. Sugawa, and Y. Kimura, "Continuum suppressed, uniformly repetitive 136 fs pulse generation from an erbium-doped fibre laser with nonlinear polarisation rotation," Electron. Lett. 29, 1327-1329 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics

T. Okuno, M. Onishi, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, and M. Nishimura, "Silica-based functional fibers with enhanced nonlinearity and their applications," IEEE J. of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics 5, 1385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

L.-S. Ma, M. Zucco, S. Picard, L. Robertsson, and R. S. Windeler, "A new method to determine the absolute mode number of a mode-locked femtosecond-laser comb used for absolute optical frequency measurements," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1066-1071 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas.

A. Onae, K. Minoshima, J. Yoda, K. Nakagawa, A. Yamaguchi, M. Kourogi, K. Imai, and B. Widiyatomoko, "Toward an accurate frequency standard at 1.5 µm based on the acetylene overtone band transition," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 48, 563-566 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Y. Zhang, R. Guo, A. Onae, and H. Matsumoto, "Frequency reproducibility of an iodine-stabilized Nd:YAG laser at 532 nm," Opt. Commun. 235, 377-385 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Onae, T. Ikegami, K. Sugiyama, F-L. Hong, K. Minoshima, H. Matsumoto, K. Nakagawa, M. Yoshida and, S. Harada, "Optical frequency link between an acetylene stabilized laser at 1542 nm and an Rb stabilized laser at 778 nm using a two-colour mode-locked fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 183, 181-187 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

F. Tauser, A. Leitenstorfer, and W. Zinth, "Amplified femtosecond pulses from an Er fiber system: Nonlinear pulse shortening and self-referencing detection of the carrier-envelope-phase evolution," Opt. Express 11, 594-600 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Adler, K. Moutzouris, A. Leitenstorfer, H. Schnatz, B. Lipphardt, G. Grosche, and F. Tauser, "Phase-locked two-branch erbium-doped fiber laser system for long-term precision measurements of optical frequencies," Opt. Express 12, 5872-5880 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kubina, P. Adel, F. Adler, G. Grosche, T. W. Hänsch, R. Holzwarth, A. Leitenstorfer, B. Lipphardt, and H. Schnatz, "Long term comparison of two fiber based frequency comb systems," Opt. Express 13, 904-909 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Jiang, A. Onae, H. Matsumoto, and F.-L. Hong, "Frequency measurement of acetylene-stabilized lasers using a femtosecond optical comb without carrier-envelope offset frequency control," Opt. Express 13, 1958-1965 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Balling, M. Fischer, P. Kubina and R. Holzwarth, "Absolute frequency measurement of wavelength standard at 1542nm: acetylene stabilized DFB laser," Opt. Express 13, 9196-9201 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Hundertmark, D. Wandt, C. Fallnich, N. Haverkamp, and H. R. Telle, "Phase-locked carrier-envelope offset frequency at 1560 nm," Opt. Express 12, 770-775 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Washburn and N. Newbury, "Phase, timing, and amplitude noise on supercontinua generated in microstructure fiber," Opt. Express 12, 2166-2175 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch. "Absolute optical frequency measurement of the cesium D1 line with a mode-locked laser," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 3568-3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Science

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stenz, R. S. Windler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff. "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

H. Inaba, S. Yanagimachi, F.-L. Hong, A. Onae, Y. Koga, and H. Matsumoto, "Stability degradation factors evaluated by phase noise measurement in an optical-microwave frequency link using an optical frequency comb," IEEE Trans. on Inst. and Meas. 54-2, 763-766 (2005)
[CrossRef]

P. Lesage, "Characterization of frequency stability: bias due to the juxtaposition of time-interval measurement," IEEE Trans. on Inst. and Meas. IM-32, 204-207 (1983)
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Diagram of our fiber laser system. PSI: Polarization sensitive isolator, PII: Polarization independent isolator, λ/4 and λ/2: quarter and half lambda plates, PL: Polarizer, HNLF: Highly nonlinear fiber, L: Lens, PPLN: Periodically poled lithium niobate, PD: Photo detector, M: Mirror, HM: Half mirror, BPF: Optical bandpass filter

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

RF spectrum measured after the f-to-2f interferometer. The resolution bandwidth is 100 kHz.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Measured frequency of the 1542-nm acetylene-stabilized laser A4 over a period of 1 week.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Allan deviation of the measured frequency of the acetylene-stabilized laser calculated from the sequence with the 10-s averaging frequency. Each value at more than 20-s averaging may not be proper Allan deviation [23].

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Measured frequency of the 532 nm iodine-stabilized Nd:YAG laser Y3 over a period of 8 days.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Allan deviation of the measured frequency of the iodine-stabilized Nd:YAG laser. The deviations of 1 s (red circle) and 3 s (blue circle) were measured independently (757 points for 1-s averaging and 103 points for 3-s averaging). The Allan deviations at more than 10-s averaging are calculated from the sequence with the 10-s averaging frequency. Each value at more than 20-s averaging may not be proper Allan deviation [23].

Metrics