Abstract

Large thickness is required in holographic recording materials to be used as holographic memories. Photopolymers have proved to be a good alternative to construct holographic memories. Nevertheless, modeling the behavior of thick layers poses some problems due to high absorption of the dye, as discussed in previous papers. In this study, the gratings stored in photopolymers based on polyvinylalcohol/acrylamide (PVA/AA) are analyzed considering the attenuation of light in depth. This is done by fitting the theoretical results, predicted by a model that considers this effect, to the experimental results obtained using diffraction gratings recorded in PVA/AA based photopolymer. In order to determine the diffraction efficiency at the first Bragg angle, an algorithm based on the rigorous coupled wave theory is used. Also, the characteristics of the gratings obtained using different recording intensities are analyzed, and the effective optical thickness is seen to increase as the intensity is increased.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  27. J. V. Kelly, M. R. Gleeson, C. E. Close, F. T. O’Neill, J. T. Sheridan, S. Gallego and C. Neipp, "Temporal analysis of grating formation in photopolymer using the nonlocal polymerization-driven diffusion model," Opt. Express 13, 6990-7004 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. C. Neipp, J. T. Sheridan, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual and A. Beléndez, "Effect of a depth attenuated refractive index profile in the angular responses of the efficiency of higher orders in volume gratings recorded in a PVA/Acrylamide photopolymer," Opt. Commun. 233, 311-322 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  30. C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual and J. T. Sheridan "Angular responses of the first and second diffracted orders in transmission diffraction grating recorded on photopolymer material," Opt. Express 11, 1835-1843 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2005

J. V. Kelly, F. T. O’ Neill, C. Neipp, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño and J. T. Sheridan, "Holographic photopolymer materials: non-local polymerisation driven diffusion under non-ideal kinetic conditions," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 407-406 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. V. Kelly and J. T. Sheridan, "Physical and effective optical thickness of holographic diffraction gratings recorded in photopolymers," Opt. Express 131939-1950 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. V. Kelly and J. T. Sheridan, "3 Dimensional analysis of holographic photopolymers based memories," Opt. Express 13, 3543-3554 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. R. McLeod, A. J. Daiber, M. E. McDonald, T. L. Robertson, T. S. Slagle, S. L. Sochava and L. Hesselink, "Microholographic multilayer optical disk data storage," Appl. Opt. 44, 3197-3207 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Dubois, X. Shi, C. Erben, L. Longley, E. P. Boden and B. L. Lawrence, "Characterization of microholograms recorded in a thermoplastics medium for three-dimensional optical data storage," Opt. Lett. 30, 1947-1949 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. V. Kelly, M. R. Gleeson, C. E. Close, F. T. O’Neill, J. T. Sheridan, S. Gallego and C. Neipp, "Temporal analysis of grating formation in photopolymer using the nonlocal polymerization-driven diffusion model," Opt. Express 13, 6990-7004 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Yao, M. Lei, L. Ren, N. Menke and Y. Wang, "Polarization multiplexed write-once-read-many optical data storage in bacteriorhodopsin films," Opt. Lett. 30, 3060-3062 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

S. S. Orlov, W. Philips, E. Bjormson, Y. Takashima, P. Sundaram, L. Hesselink, R. Okas, D. Kwan and R. Snyder, "High-transfer-rate high-capacity holographic disk data-storage system," Appl. Opt. 43, 4902-4914 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan and T. J. Bunning, "Phenomenological model of anisotropic volume hologram formation in liquid-crystal-photopolymer mixtures," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 951-965 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Neipp, J. T. Sheridan, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual and A. Beléndez, "Effect of a depth attenuated refractive index profile in the angular responses of the efficiency of higher orders in volume gratings recorded in a PVA/Acrylamide photopolymer," Opt. Commun. 233, 311-322 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

2002

2000

S. Piazzolla and B. K. Jenkins, "First-harmonic diffusion model for holographic grating formation in photopolymers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 1147-1157 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Sheridan and J. R. Lawrence, "Nonlocal-response diffusion model of holographic recording in photopolymer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1008-1014 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. S. Bablumian and T. Krile, "Multiplexed holograms in thick bacteriorhodopsin films for optical memory/ interconnections," Opt. Eng. 39, 2964-2974 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

I. Aubrecht, M. Miller and I. Koudela, "Recording of holographic gratings in photopolymers: theoretical modelling and real-time monitoring of grating growth," J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1465-1477 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Schultz, E. N. Glytsis, and T. K. Gaylord, "Design of high-efficiency volume gratings couplers for line focusing," Appl. Opt. 37, 2278-2287 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

Q. Huang and P. R. Asheley, "Holographyc Bragg gratings input-output couplers for a polymer waveguide at an 850-nm wavelength," Appl. Opt. 36, 1198-1203 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. V. Kityk, J. Kasperczyk, B. Sahraoui, M. F. Yasinskii and B. Holan, "Low temperature anomalies in polyvinyl alcohol photoplymers," Polymer 38, 4803-4806 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Lougnot, P. Jost and L. Lavielle, "Polymers for holographic recording: VI. Some Basic ideas for modelling the kinetics of the recording process," Pure and Appl. Opt. 6, 225-245 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

1994

G. Zhao and P. Mouroulis, "Diffusion model of hologram formation in dry photopolymers materials," J. Mod. Opt. 41, 1929-1939 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Asheley, P. R.

Aubrecht, I.

I. Aubrecht, M. Miller and I. Koudela, "Recording of holographic gratings in photopolymers: theoretical modelling and real-time monitoring of grating growth," J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1465-1477 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bablumian, A. S.

A. S. Bablumian and T. Krile, "Multiplexed holograms in thick bacteriorhodopsin films for optical memory/ interconnections," Opt. Eng. 39, 2964-2974 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Beléndez, A.

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. V. Kelly and J. T. Sheridan, "3 Dimensional analysis of holographic photopolymers based memories," Opt. Express 13, 3543-3554 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. V. Kelly and J. T. Sheridan, "Physical and effective optical thickness of holographic diffraction gratings recorded in photopolymers," Opt. Express 131939-1950 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Neipp, J. T. Sheridan, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual and A. Beléndez, "Effect of a depth attenuated refractive index profile in the angular responses of the efficiency of higher orders in volume gratings recorded in a PVA/Acrylamide photopolymer," Opt. Commun. 233, 311-322 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez and I. Pascual, "Diffusion based model to predict the conservation of holographic gratings recorded in PVA/Acrylamide photopolymer," Appl. Opt. 42, 5839-5845 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Márquez, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño and I. Pascual, "Edge-enhanced imaging with polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide photopolymer gratings," Opt. Lett. 28, 1510-1512 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual and J. T. Sheridan "Angular responses of the first and second diffracted orders in transmission diffraction grating recorded on photopolymer material," Opt. Express 11, 1835-1843 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez and I. Pascual, "Optimization of a 1 mm thick PVA/acrylamide recording material to obtain holographic memories: method of preparation and holographic properties," Appl. Phys. B 76, 851-857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bjormson, E.

Boden, E. P.

Bunning, T. J.

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan and T. J. Bunning, "Phenomenological model of anisotropic volume hologram formation in liquid-crystal-photopolymer mixtures," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 951-965 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Close, C. E.

Daiber, A. J.

Dubois, M.

Erben, C.

Gallego, S.

J. V. Kelly, F. T. O’ Neill, C. Neipp, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño and J. T. Sheridan, "Holographic photopolymer materials: non-local polymerisation driven diffusion under non-ideal kinetic conditions," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 407-406 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. V. Kelly and J. T. Sheridan, "3 Dimensional analysis of holographic photopolymers based memories," Opt. Express 13, 3543-3554 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. V. Kelly, M. R. Gleeson, C. E. Close, F. T. O’Neill, J. T. Sheridan, S. Gallego and C. Neipp, "Temporal analysis of grating formation in photopolymer using the nonlocal polymerization-driven diffusion model," Opt. Express 13, 6990-7004 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. V. Kelly and J. T. Sheridan, "Physical and effective optical thickness of holographic diffraction gratings recorded in photopolymers," Opt. Express 131939-1950 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Neipp, J. T. Sheridan, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual and A. Beléndez, "Effect of a depth attenuated refractive index profile in the angular responses of the efficiency of higher orders in volume gratings recorded in a PVA/Acrylamide photopolymer," Opt. Commun. 233, 311-322 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp and I. Pascual, "Holographic characteristics of a 1 mm thick photopolymer to be used in holographic memories," Appl. Opt. 42, 7008-7012 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual and J. T. Sheridan "Angular responses of the first and second diffracted orders in transmission diffraction grating recorded on photopolymer material," Opt. Express 11, 1835-1843 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Márquez, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño and I. Pascual, "Edge-enhanced imaging with polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide photopolymer gratings," Opt. Lett. 28, 1510-1512 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez and I. Pascual, "Diffusion based model to predict the conservation of holographic gratings recorded in PVA/Acrylamide photopolymer," Appl. Opt. 42, 5839-5845 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez and I. Pascual, "Optimization of a 1 mm thick PVA/acrylamide recording material to obtain holographic memories: method of preparation and holographic properties," Appl. Phys. B 76, 851-857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

García, C.

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez and I. Pascual, "Optimization of a 1 mm thick PVA/acrylamide recording material to obtain holographic memories: method of preparation and holographic properties," Appl. Phys. B 76, 851-857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp and I. Pascual, "Holographic characteristics of a 1 mm thick photopolymer to be used in holographic memories," Appl. Opt. 42, 7008-7012 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaylord, T. K.

Gleeson, M. R.

Glytsis, E. N.

Grann, E. B.

Guntaka, S. R.

Hesselink, L.

Holan, B.

I. V. Kityk, J. Kasperczyk, B. Sahraoui, M. F. Yasinskii and B. Holan, "Low temperature anomalies in polyvinyl alcohol photoplymers," Polymer 38, 4803-4806 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Q.

Jenkins, B. K.

Jost, P.

J. Lougnot, P. Jost and L. Lavielle, "Polymers for holographic recording: VI. Some Basic ideas for modelling the kinetics of the recording process," Pure and Appl. Opt. 6, 225-245 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kasperczyk, J.

I. V. Kityk, J. Kasperczyk, B. Sahraoui, M. F. Yasinskii and B. Holan, "Low temperature anomalies in polyvinyl alcohol photoplymers," Polymer 38, 4803-4806 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, J. V.

Kityk, I. V.

I. V. Kityk, J. Kasperczyk, B. Sahraoui, M. F. Yasinskii and B. Holan, "Low temperature anomalies in polyvinyl alcohol photoplymers," Polymer 38, 4803-4806 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Koudela, I.

I. Aubrecht, M. Miller and I. Koudela, "Recording of holographic gratings in photopolymers: theoretical modelling and real-time monitoring of grating growth," J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1465-1477 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Krile, T.

A. S. Bablumian and T. Krile, "Multiplexed holograms in thick bacteriorhodopsin films for optical memory/ interconnections," Opt. Eng. 39, 2964-2974 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kwan, D.

Lavielle, L.

J. Lougnot, P. Jost and L. Lavielle, "Polymers for holographic recording: VI. Some Basic ideas for modelling the kinetics of the recording process," Pure and Appl. Opt. 6, 225-245 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lawrence, B. L.

Lawrence, J. R.

J. T. Sheridan and J. R. Lawrence, "Nonlocal-response diffusion model of holographic recording in photopolymer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1008-1014 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lei, M.

Lion, Y.

Longley, L.

Lougnot, J.

J. Lougnot, P. Jost and L. Lavielle, "Polymers for holographic recording: VI. Some Basic ideas for modelling the kinetics of the recording process," Pure and Appl. Opt. 6, 225-245 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Márquez, A.

Martin, S.

McDonald, M. E.

McLeod, R. R.

Menke, N.

Miller, M.

I. Aubrecht, M. Miller and I. Koudela, "Recording of holographic gratings in photopolymers: theoretical modelling and real-time monitoring of grating growth," J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1465-1477 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Moharam, M. G.

Moreau, V.

Morozov, V.

Mouroulis, P.

G. Zhao and P. Mouroulis, "Diffusion model of hologram formation in dry photopolymers materials," J. Mod. Opt. 41, 1929-1939 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Natarajan, L. V.

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan and T. J. Bunning, "Phenomenological model of anisotropic volume hologram formation in liquid-crystal-photopolymer mixtures," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 951-965 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Neff, J.

Neipp, C.

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. V. Kelly and J. T. Sheridan, "Physical and effective optical thickness of holographic diffraction gratings recorded in photopolymers," Opt. Express 131939-1950 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. V. Kelly, M. R. Gleeson, C. E. Close, F. T. O’Neill, J. T. Sheridan, S. Gallego and C. Neipp, "Temporal analysis of grating formation in photopolymer using the nonlocal polymerization-driven diffusion model," Opt. Express 13, 6990-7004 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. V. Kelly and J. T. Sheridan, "3 Dimensional analysis of holographic photopolymers based memories," Opt. Express 13, 3543-3554 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. V. Kelly, F. T. O’ Neill, C. Neipp, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño and J. T. Sheridan, "Holographic photopolymer materials: non-local polymerisation driven diffusion under non-ideal kinetic conditions," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 407-406 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Neipp, J. T. Sheridan, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual and A. Beléndez, "Effect of a depth attenuated refractive index profile in the angular responses of the efficiency of higher orders in volume gratings recorded in a PVA/Acrylamide photopolymer," Opt. Commun. 233, 311-322 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez and I. Pascual, "Optimization of a 1 mm thick PVA/acrylamide recording material to obtain holographic memories: method of preparation and holographic properties," Appl. Phys. B 76, 851-857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp and I. Pascual, "Holographic characteristics of a 1 mm thick photopolymer to be used in holographic memories," Appl. Opt. 42, 7008-7012 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual and J. T. Sheridan "Angular responses of the first and second diffracted orders in transmission diffraction grating recorded on photopolymer material," Opt. Express 11, 1835-1843 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Márquez, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño and I. Pascual, "Edge-enhanced imaging with polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide photopolymer gratings," Opt. Lett. 28, 1510-1512 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez and I. Pascual, "Diffusion based model to predict the conservation of holographic gratings recorded in PVA/Acrylamide photopolymer," Appl. Opt. 42, 5839-5845 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O’ Neill, F. T.

O’Neill, F. T.

Okas, R.

Orlov, S. S.

Ortuño, M.

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. V. Kelly and J. T. Sheridan, "Physical and effective optical thickness of holographic diffraction gratings recorded in photopolymers," Opt. Express 131939-1950 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. V. Kelly, F. T. O’ Neill, C. Neipp, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño and J. T. Sheridan, "Holographic photopolymer materials: non-local polymerisation driven diffusion under non-ideal kinetic conditions," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 407-406 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. V. Kelly and J. T. Sheridan, "3 Dimensional analysis of holographic photopolymers based memories," Opt. Express 13, 3543-3554 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Neipp, J. T. Sheridan, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual and A. Beléndez, "Effect of a depth attenuated refractive index profile in the angular responses of the efficiency of higher orders in volume gratings recorded in a PVA/Acrylamide photopolymer," Opt. Commun. 233, 311-322 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp and I. Pascual, "Holographic characteristics of a 1 mm thick photopolymer to be used in holographic memories," Appl. Opt. 42, 7008-7012 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez and I. Pascual, "Diffusion based model to predict the conservation of holographic gratings recorded in PVA/Acrylamide photopolymer," Appl. Opt. 42, 5839-5845 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Márquez, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño and I. Pascual, "Edge-enhanced imaging with polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide photopolymer gratings," Opt. Lett. 28, 1510-1512 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual and J. T. Sheridan "Angular responses of the first and second diffracted orders in transmission diffraction grating recorded on photopolymer material," Opt. Express 11, 1835-1843 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez and I. Pascual, "Optimization of a 1 mm thick PVA/acrylamide recording material to obtain holographic memories: method of preparation and holographic properties," Appl. Phys. B 76, 851-857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pascual, I.

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. V. Kelly and J. T. Sheridan, "3 Dimensional analysis of holographic photopolymers based memories," Opt. Express 13, 3543-3554 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. V. Kelly and J. T. Sheridan, "Physical and effective optical thickness of holographic diffraction gratings recorded in photopolymers," Opt. Express 131939-1950 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Neipp, J. T. Sheridan, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual and A. Beléndez, "Effect of a depth attenuated refractive index profile in the angular responses of the efficiency of higher orders in volume gratings recorded in a PVA/Acrylamide photopolymer," Opt. Commun. 233, 311-322 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp and I. Pascual, "Holographic characteristics of a 1 mm thick photopolymer to be used in holographic memories," Appl. Opt. 42, 7008-7012 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual and J. T. Sheridan "Angular responses of the first and second diffracted orders in transmission diffraction grating recorded on photopolymer material," Opt. Express 11, 1835-1843 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Márquez, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño and I. Pascual, "Edge-enhanced imaging with polyvinyl alcohol/acrylamide photopolymer gratings," Opt. Lett. 28, 1510-1512 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez and I. Pascual, "Diffusion based model to predict the conservation of holographic gratings recorded in PVA/Acrylamide photopolymer," Appl. Opt. 42, 5839-5845 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez and I. Pascual, "Optimization of a 1 mm thick PVA/acrylamide recording material to obtain holographic memories: method of preparation and holographic properties," Appl. Phys. B 76, 851-857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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Piazzolla, S.

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I. V. Kityk, J. Kasperczyk, B. Sahraoui, M. F. Yasinskii and B. Holan, "Low temperature anomalies in polyvinyl alcohol photoplymers," Polymer 38, 4803-4806 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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Sheridan, J. T.

J. V. Kelly, M. R. Gleeson, C. E. Close, F. T. O’Neill, J. T. Sheridan, S. Gallego and C. Neipp, "Temporal analysis of grating formation in photopolymer using the nonlocal polymerization-driven diffusion model," Opt. Express 13, 6990-7004 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. V. Kelly and J. T. Sheridan, "Physical and effective optical thickness of holographic diffraction gratings recorded in photopolymers," Opt. Express 131939-1950 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, C. Neipp, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez, I. Pascual, J. V. Kelly and J. T. Sheridan, "3 Dimensional analysis of holographic photopolymers based memories," Opt. Express 13, 3543-3554 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. V. Kelly, F. T. O’ Neill, C. Neipp, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño and J. T. Sheridan, "Holographic photopolymer materials: non-local polymerisation driven diffusion under non-ideal kinetic conditions," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 407-406 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Neipp, J. T. Sheridan, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual and A. Beléndez, "Effect of a depth attenuated refractive index profile in the angular responses of the efficiency of higher orders in volume gratings recorded in a PVA/Acrylamide photopolymer," Opt. Commun. 233, 311-322 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Neipp, A. Beléndez, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual and J. T. Sheridan "Angular responses of the first and second diffracted orders in transmission diffraction grating recorded on photopolymer material," Opt. Express 11, 1835-1843 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. T. Sheridan and J. R. Lawrence, "Nonlocal-response diffusion model of holographic recording in photopolymer," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1008-1014 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shi, X.

Slagle, T. S.

Snyder, R.

Sochava, S. L.

Sundaram, P.

Sutherland, R. L.

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan and T. J. Bunning, "Phenomenological model of anisotropic volume hologram formation in liquid-crystal-photopolymer mixtures," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 951-965 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Takashima, Y.

Toal, V.

Tondiglia, V. P.

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan and T. J. Bunning, "Phenomenological model of anisotropic volume hologram formation in liquid-crystal-photopolymer mixtures," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 951-965 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Yao, B.

Yasinskii, M. F.

I. V. Kityk, J. Kasperczyk, B. Sahraoui, M. F. Yasinskii and B. Holan, "Low temperature anomalies in polyvinyl alcohol photoplymers," Polymer 38, 4803-4806 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, G.

G. Zhao and P. Mouroulis, "Diffusion model of hologram formation in dry photopolymers materials," J. Mod. Opt. 41, 1929-1939 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, H. J.

Appl. Opt.

Q. Huang and P. R. Asheley, "Holographyc Bragg gratings input-output couplers for a polymer waveguide at an 850-nm wavelength," Appl. Opt. 36, 1198-1203 (1997).
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[CrossRef]

H. J. Zhou, V. Morozov and J. Neff, "Characterization of DuPont photopolymers in infrared light for free-space optical interconnects," Appl. Opt. 34, 7457-7459 (1995).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. R. Guntaka, V. Toal and S. Martin, "Holographically recorded photopolymer diffractive optical element for holographic and electronic speckle-pattern interferometry," Appl. Opt. 41, 7475-7449 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gallego, C. Neipp, M. Ortuño, A. Márquez, A. Beléndez and I. Pascual, "Diffusion based model to predict the conservation of holographic gratings recorded in PVA/Acrylamide photopolymer," Appl. Opt. 42, 5839-5845 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp and I. Pascual, "Holographic characteristics of a 1 mm thick photopolymer to be used in holographic memories," Appl. Opt. 42, 7008-7012 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. S. Orlov, W. Philips, E. Bjormson, Y. Takashima, P. Sundaram, L. Hesselink, R. Okas, D. Kwan and R. Snyder, "High-transfer-rate high-capacity holographic disk data-storage system," Appl. Opt. 43, 4902-4914 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. R. McLeod, A. J. Daiber, M. E. McDonald, T. L. Robertson, T. S. Slagle, S. L. Sochava and L. Hesselink, "Microholographic multilayer optical disk data storage," Appl. Opt. 44, 3197-3207 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B

M. Ortuño, S. Gallego, C. García, C. Neipp, A. Beléndez and I. Pascual, "Optimization of a 1 mm thick PVA/acrylamide recording material to obtain holographic memories: method of preparation and holographic properties," Appl. Phys. B 76, 851-857 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

R. L. Sutherland, V. P. Tondiglia, L. V. Natarajan and T. J. Bunning, "Phenomenological model of anisotropic volume hologram formation in liquid-crystal-photopolymer mixtures," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 951-965 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt.

G. Zhao and P. Mouroulis, "Diffusion model of hologram formation in dry photopolymers materials," J. Mod. Opt. 41, 1929-1939 (1994).
[CrossRef]

I. Aubrecht, M. Miller and I. Koudela, "Recording of holographic gratings in photopolymers: theoretical modelling and real-time monitoring of grating growth," J. Mod. Opt. 45, 1465-1477 (1998).
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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

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C. Neipp, J. T. Sheridan, S. Gallego, M. Ortuño, I. Pascual and A. Beléndez, "Effect of a depth attenuated refractive index profile in the angular responses of the efficiency of higher orders in volume gratings recorded in a PVA/Acrylamide photopolymer," Opt. Commun. 233, 311-322 (2004).
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Opt. Lett.

Polymer

I. V. Kityk, J. Kasperczyk, B. Sahraoui, M. F. Yasinskii and B. Holan, "Low temperature anomalies in polyvinyl alcohol photoplymers," Polymer 38, 4803-4806 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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W. L. Wilson et al., "Realization of high-performance holographic data storage: the InPhase Technologies demonstration platform," in Organic Holographic Materials and Applications, K. Meerholz, ed., Proc. SPIE 5216, 178-179 (2003).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Diffraction efficiency (DE) versus exposure time for one grating with a physical thickness of 900 µm, the experimental data (white dots) and the simulations using the theoretical model for different thicknesses (1000 µm, 800 µm, 600 µm, 300 µm and 100 µm).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Diffraction efficiency (DE) as a function of replay angle for the grating presented in Figure 1 (900 µm of physical thickness and spatial frequency of 1125 lines/mm). Experimental (o), algorithm using diffusion model (—).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Refractive index modulation, n 1, as function of the thickness and the exposure time for two different recording intensities: 2 mW/cm2 and 20 mW/cm2

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Angular responses for two different recording intensities: 2 mW/cm2 and 20 mW/cm2.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Parameters of the gratings recorded using different intensities.

Equations (11)

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[ M ] ( x , z , t ) t = x D ( t ) [ M ] ( x , z , t ) x k R ( t ) I γ ( x , z , t ) [ M ] ( x , z , t ) + z D ( t ) [ M ] ( x , z , t ) z
[ P ] ( x , z , t ) t = k R ( t ) I γ ( x , z , t ) [ M ] ( x , z , t )
I ( x , z , t ) = I 0 [ 1 + cos ( 2 π x Λ ) ] exp [ α ( t ) z ]
α ( t ) = α 0 exp ( K α I 0 β t )
k R ( t ) = k R exp ( φ I 0 γ t )
D ( t ) = D 0 exp ( φ I 0 γ t )
[M](x,z,t) x >> [M](x,z,t) z
d = g = 1 G d g
n 1 = ( n dark 2 + 2 ) 2 6 n dark [ ( n m 2 1 n m 2 + 2 n b 2 1 n b 2 + 2 ) [ M ] 1 + ( n p 2 1 n p 2 + 2 n b 2 1 n b 2 + 2 ) [ P ] 1 ]
n g ( z ) = n g 0 + n g 1 ( z ) cos ( Kx ) + n g 2 ( z ) cos ( 2 Kx ) + n g 3 ( z ) cos ( 3 Kx )
ε ± i = n 0 n i for i = 1 , 2 , 3

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