Abstract

A stable dynamic detection scheme for magnetostrictive fiber-optic interferometric sensors is studied. The working principle is presented and the experimental verification is performed. The results show that the system employing the dynamic detection scheme has better stability and sensitivity in comparison with the system employing quadrature control technique.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. A. D. Kersey, and A. Dandridge, "Application of Fiber-Optic Sensors," IEEE Trans. Compon. Hybrids Manuf. Technol. 13, 137-143 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
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  6. F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, A. R. Davis, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, Gunnar Wang, Hilde ValØ, Terje Lund,A. G .Andersen, Robin Gjessing, E. J. Eidem and Tor Knudsen, "Multichannel Fiber-Optic Magnetometer System for Undersea Measurements, " IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1385-1394 (1995).
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    [CrossRef]
  9. A. D. Kersey, M. J. Marrone, and M. A. Davis, "Polarization-insensitive Fiber Optic Michelson Interferometer," Electron. Lett. 27, 518-520 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. J. Marrone, A. D. Kersey, C. A. Villarruel, C. K. Kirkendall, and A. Dandridge, "Elimination of Coherent Rayleigh Backscatter Induced Noise in Fiber Michelson Interferometers," Electron. Lett. 28, 1803-1804 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. K. Kirkendall and A. Dandridge, "Overview of high performance fiber-optic sensing".J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 37, 197-216 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. Y. Kim, H. J. Kong, and B. Y. Kim, "Fiber-Optic DC Magnetic Field Sensor with Balanced Detection Technique," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4, 945-948 (1992).
    [CrossRef]

2004 (2)

Culshaw, "Optical Fiber Sensor Technologies: Opportunities and—Perhaps—Pitfalls," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 39-50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. K. Kirkendall and A. Dandridge, "Overview of high performance fiber-optic sensing".J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 37, 197-216 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, A. R. Davis, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, Gunnar Wang, Hilde ValØ, Terje Lund,A. G .Andersen, Robin Gjessing, E. J. Eidem and Tor Knudsen, "Multichannel Fiber-Optic Magnetometer System for Undersea Measurements, " IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1385-1394 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, A. R. Davis, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, K. G. Wathen, A. Dandridge, G. Wang, T. Lund, and H. Valo, "Fiber-Optic Magnetometer system for under sea applications," Electron. Lett. 29, 1032-1033 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

M. J. Marrone, A. D. Kersey, C. A. Villarruel, C. K. Kirkendall, and A. Dandridge, "Elimination of Coherent Rayleigh Backscatter Induced Noise in Fiber Michelson Interferometers," Electron. Lett. 28, 1803-1804 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Kim, H. J. Kong, and B. Y. Kim, "Fiber-Optic DC Magnetic Field Sensor with Balanced Detection Technique," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4, 945-948 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

A. D. Kersey, M. J. Marrone, and M. A. Davis, "Polarization-insensitive Fiber Optic Michelson Interferometer," Electron. Lett. 27, 518-520 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

A. D. Kersey, and A. Dandridge, "Application of Fiber-Optic Sensors," IEEE Trans. Compon. Hybrids Manuf. Technol. 13, 137-143 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

D. M. Dagenais, F. Bucholtz, K. P. Koo, A. Dandridge, "Detection of Low-Frequency Magnetic Signals in a Magnetostrictive Fiber-Optic Sensor with Suppressed Residual Signal," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 881-887 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

Andersen, A. G

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, A. R. Davis, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, Gunnar Wang, Hilde ValØ, Terje Lund,A. G .Andersen, Robin Gjessing, E. J. Eidem and Tor Knudsen, "Multichannel Fiber-Optic Magnetometer System for Undersea Measurements, " IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1385-1394 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bucholtz, F.

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, A. R. Davis, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, Gunnar Wang, Hilde ValØ, Terje Lund,A. G .Andersen, Robin Gjessing, E. J. Eidem and Tor Knudsen, "Multichannel Fiber-Optic Magnetometer System for Undersea Measurements, " IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1385-1394 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, A. R. Davis, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, K. G. Wathen, A. Dandridge, G. Wang, T. Lund, and H. Valo, "Fiber-Optic Magnetometer system for under sea applications," Electron. Lett. 29, 1032-1033 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Dagenais, F. Bucholtz, K. P. Koo, A. Dandridge, "Detection of Low-Frequency Magnetic Signals in a Magnetostrictive Fiber-Optic Sensor with Suppressed Residual Signal," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 881-887 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Culshaw,

Culshaw, "Optical Fiber Sensor Technologies: Opportunities and—Perhaps—Pitfalls," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 39-50 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dagenais, D. M.

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, A. R. Davis, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, Gunnar Wang, Hilde ValØ, Terje Lund,A. G .Andersen, Robin Gjessing, E. J. Eidem and Tor Knudsen, "Multichannel Fiber-Optic Magnetometer System for Undersea Measurements, " IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1385-1394 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, A. R. Davis, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, K. G. Wathen, A. Dandridge, G. Wang, T. Lund, and H. Valo, "Fiber-Optic Magnetometer system for under sea applications," Electron. Lett. 29, 1032-1033 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Dagenais, F. Bucholtz, K. P. Koo, A. Dandridge, "Detection of Low-Frequency Magnetic Signals in a Magnetostrictive Fiber-Optic Sensor with Suppressed Residual Signal," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 881-887 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Dandridge, A.

C. K. Kirkendall and A. Dandridge, "Overview of high performance fiber-optic sensing".J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 37, 197-216 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, A. R. Davis, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, K. G. Wathen, A. Dandridge, G. Wang, T. Lund, and H. Valo, "Fiber-Optic Magnetometer system for under sea applications," Electron. Lett. 29, 1032-1033 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Marrone, A. D. Kersey, C. A. Villarruel, C. K. Kirkendall, and A. Dandridge, "Elimination of Coherent Rayleigh Backscatter Induced Noise in Fiber Michelson Interferometers," Electron. Lett. 28, 1803-1804 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kersey, and A. Dandridge, "Application of Fiber-Optic Sensors," IEEE Trans. Compon. Hybrids Manuf. Technol. 13, 137-143 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Dagenais, F. Bucholtz, K. P. Koo, A. Dandridge, "Detection of Low-Frequency Magnetic Signals in a Magnetostrictive Fiber-Optic Sensor with Suppressed Residual Signal," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 881-887 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Davis, A. R.

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, A. R. Davis, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, Gunnar Wang, Hilde ValØ, Terje Lund,A. G .Andersen, Robin Gjessing, E. J. Eidem and Tor Knudsen, "Multichannel Fiber-Optic Magnetometer System for Undersea Measurements, " IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1385-1394 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, A. R. Davis, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, K. G. Wathen, A. Dandridge, G. Wang, T. Lund, and H. Valo, "Fiber-Optic Magnetometer system for under sea applications," Electron. Lett. 29, 1032-1033 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Davis, M. A.

A. D. Kersey, M. J. Marrone, and M. A. Davis, "Polarization-insensitive Fiber Optic Michelson Interferometer," Electron. Lett. 27, 518-520 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Eidem, E. J.

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, A. R. Davis, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, Gunnar Wang, Hilde ValØ, Terje Lund,A. G .Andersen, Robin Gjessing, E. J. Eidem and Tor Knudsen, "Multichannel Fiber-Optic Magnetometer System for Undersea Measurements, " IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1385-1394 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gjessing, Robin

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, A. R. Davis, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, Gunnar Wang, Hilde ValØ, Terje Lund,A. G .Andersen, Robin Gjessing, E. J. Eidem and Tor Knudsen, "Multichannel Fiber-Optic Magnetometer System for Undersea Measurements, " IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1385-1394 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kersey, A. D.

M. J. Marrone, A. D. Kersey, C. A. Villarruel, C. K. Kirkendall, and A. Dandridge, "Elimination of Coherent Rayleigh Backscatter Induced Noise in Fiber Michelson Interferometers," Electron. Lett. 28, 1803-1804 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kersey, M. J. Marrone, and M. A. Davis, "Polarization-insensitive Fiber Optic Michelson Interferometer," Electron. Lett. 27, 518-520 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kersey, and A. Dandridge, "Application of Fiber-Optic Sensors," IEEE Trans. Compon. Hybrids Manuf. Technol. 13, 137-143 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B. Y.

D. Y. Kim, H. J. Kong, and B. Y. Kim, "Fiber-Optic DC Magnetic Field Sensor with Balanced Detection Technique," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4, 945-948 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D. Y.

D. Y. Kim, H. J. Kong, and B. Y. Kim, "Fiber-Optic DC Magnetic Field Sensor with Balanced Detection Technique," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4, 945-948 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kirkendall, C. K.

C. K. Kirkendall and A. Dandridge, "Overview of high performance fiber-optic sensing".J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 37, 197-216 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, A. R. Davis, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, Gunnar Wang, Hilde ValØ, Terje Lund,A. G .Andersen, Robin Gjessing, E. J. Eidem and Tor Knudsen, "Multichannel Fiber-Optic Magnetometer System for Undersea Measurements, " IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1385-1394 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, A. R. Davis, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, K. G. Wathen, A. Dandridge, G. Wang, T. Lund, and H. Valo, "Fiber-Optic Magnetometer system for under sea applications," Electron. Lett. 29, 1032-1033 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Marrone, A. D. Kersey, C. A. Villarruel, C. K. Kirkendall, and A. Dandridge, "Elimination of Coherent Rayleigh Backscatter Induced Noise in Fiber Michelson Interferometers," Electron. Lett. 28, 1803-1804 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Knudsen, Tor

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, A. R. Davis, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, Gunnar Wang, Hilde ValØ, Terje Lund,A. G .Andersen, Robin Gjessing, E. J. Eidem and Tor Knudsen, "Multichannel Fiber-Optic Magnetometer System for Undersea Measurements, " IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1385-1394 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kong, H. J.

D. Y. Kim, H. J. Kong, and B. Y. Kim, "Fiber-Optic DC Magnetic Field Sensor with Balanced Detection Technique," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4, 945-948 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Koo, K. P.

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, A. R. Davis, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, Gunnar Wang, Hilde ValØ, Terje Lund,A. G .Andersen, Robin Gjessing, E. J. Eidem and Tor Knudsen, "Multichannel Fiber-Optic Magnetometer System for Undersea Measurements, " IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1385-1394 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, A. R. Davis, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, K. G. Wathen, A. Dandridge, G. Wang, T. Lund, and H. Valo, "Fiber-Optic Magnetometer system for under sea applications," Electron. Lett. 29, 1032-1033 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Dagenais, F. Bucholtz, K. P. Koo, A. Dandridge, "Detection of Low-Frequency Magnetic Signals in a Magnetostrictive Fiber-Optic Sensor with Suppressed Residual Signal," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 881-887 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lund, T.

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, A. R. Davis, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, K. G. Wathen, A. Dandridge, G. Wang, T. Lund, and H. Valo, "Fiber-Optic Magnetometer system for under sea applications," Electron. Lett. 29, 1032-1033 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lund,, Terje

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, A. R. Davis, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, Gunnar Wang, Hilde ValØ, Terje Lund,A. G .Andersen, Robin Gjessing, E. J. Eidem and Tor Knudsen, "Multichannel Fiber-Optic Magnetometer System for Undersea Measurements, " IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1385-1394 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Marrone, M. J.

M. J. Marrone, A. D. Kersey, C. A. Villarruel, C. K. Kirkendall, and A. Dandridge, "Elimination of Coherent Rayleigh Backscatter Induced Noise in Fiber Michelson Interferometers," Electron. Lett. 28, 1803-1804 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kersey, M. J. Marrone, and M. A. Davis, "Polarization-insensitive Fiber Optic Michelson Interferometer," Electron. Lett. 27, 518-520 (1991).
[CrossRef]

McVicker, J. A.

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, A. R. Davis, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, Gunnar Wang, Hilde ValØ, Terje Lund,A. G .Andersen, Robin Gjessing, E. J. Eidem and Tor Knudsen, "Multichannel Fiber-Optic Magnetometer System for Undersea Measurements, " IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1385-1394 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, A. R. Davis, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, K. G. Wathen, A. Dandridge, G. Wang, T. Lund, and H. Valo, "Fiber-Optic Magnetometer system for under sea applications," Electron. Lett. 29, 1032-1033 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Patrick, S. S.

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, A. R. Davis, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, Gunnar Wang, Hilde ValØ, Terje Lund,A. G .Andersen, Robin Gjessing, E. J. Eidem and Tor Knudsen, "Multichannel Fiber-Optic Magnetometer System for Undersea Measurements, " IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1385-1394 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, A. R. Davis, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, K. G. Wathen, A. Dandridge, G. Wang, T. Lund, and H. Valo, "Fiber-Optic Magnetometer system for under sea applications," Electron. Lett. 29, 1032-1033 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Valo, H.

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, A. R. Davis, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, K. G. Wathen, A. Dandridge, G. Wang, T. Lund, and H. Valo, "Fiber-Optic Magnetometer system for under sea applications," Electron. Lett. 29, 1032-1033 (1993).
[CrossRef]

ValØ, Hilde

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, A. R. Davis, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, Gunnar Wang, Hilde ValØ, Terje Lund,A. G .Andersen, Robin Gjessing, E. J. Eidem and Tor Knudsen, "Multichannel Fiber-Optic Magnetometer System for Undersea Measurements, " IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1385-1394 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Villarruel, C. A.

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, A. R. Davis, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, Gunnar Wang, Hilde ValØ, Terje Lund,A. G .Andersen, Robin Gjessing, E. J. Eidem and Tor Knudsen, "Multichannel Fiber-Optic Magnetometer System for Undersea Measurements, " IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1385-1394 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, A. R. Davis, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, K. G. Wathen, A. Dandridge, G. Wang, T. Lund, and H. Valo, "Fiber-Optic Magnetometer system for under sea applications," Electron. Lett. 29, 1032-1033 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Marrone, A. D. Kersey, C. A. Villarruel, C. K. Kirkendall, and A. Dandridge, "Elimination of Coherent Rayleigh Backscatter Induced Noise in Fiber Michelson Interferometers," Electron. Lett. 28, 1803-1804 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G.

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, A. R. Davis, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, K. G. Wathen, A. Dandridge, G. Wang, T. Lund, and H. Valo, "Fiber-Optic Magnetometer system for under sea applications," Electron. Lett. 29, 1032-1033 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Gunnar

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, A. R. Davis, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, Gunnar Wang, Hilde ValØ, Terje Lund,A. G .Andersen, Robin Gjessing, E. J. Eidem and Tor Knudsen, "Multichannel Fiber-Optic Magnetometer System for Undersea Measurements, " IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1385-1394 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wathen, K. G.

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, A. R. Davis, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, K. G. Wathen, A. Dandridge, G. Wang, T. Lund, and H. Valo, "Fiber-Optic Magnetometer system for under sea applications," Electron. Lett. 29, 1032-1033 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Winsor, A

Yariv,

Electron. Lett. (3)

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, A. R. Davis, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, K. G. Wathen, A. Dandridge, G. Wang, T. Lund, and H. Valo, "Fiber-Optic Magnetometer system for under sea applications," Electron. Lett. 29, 1032-1033 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Kersey, M. J. Marrone, and M. A. Davis, "Polarization-insensitive Fiber Optic Michelson Interferometer," Electron. Lett. 27, 518-520 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Marrone, A. D. Kersey, C. A. Villarruel, C. K. Kirkendall, and A. Dandridge, "Elimination of Coherent Rayleigh Backscatter Induced Noise in Fiber Michelson Interferometers," Electron. Lett. 28, 1803-1804 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

F. Bucholtz, C. A. Villarruel, A. R. Davis, C. K. Kirkendall, D. M. Dagenais, J. A. McVicker, S. S. Patrick, K. P. Koo, Gunnar Wang, Hilde ValØ, Terje Lund,A. G .Andersen, Robin Gjessing, E. J. Eidem and Tor Knudsen, "Multichannel Fiber-Optic Magnetometer System for Undersea Measurements, " IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 1385-1394 (1995).
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Culshaw, "Optical Fiber Sensor Technologies: Opportunities and—Perhaps—Pitfalls," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 39-50 (2004).
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D. M. Dagenais, F. Bucholtz, K. P. Koo, A. Dandridge, "Detection of Low-Frequency Magnetic Signals in a Magnetostrictive Fiber-Optic Sensor with Suppressed Residual Signal," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 881-887 (1989).
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IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

D. Y. Kim, H. J. Kong, and B. Y. Kim, "Fiber-Optic DC Magnetic Field Sensor with Balanced Detection Technique," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 4, 945-948 (1992).
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[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Diagram of experimental setup. S: light source (laser), IS: isolator, C: circulator, FC: fiber coupler, RM: reference arm, SM: sensing arm, FRM: Faraday rotator mirror, P: photodiode, ω: function generator, DC: DC bias, SOL: solenoid.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The output signal of the system employing dynamic detection.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The stability comparison of the two systems

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The output VP-P as a function of the amplitude of the triangular function with the period of 1.4ms.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The output VP-P as a function of the period of the triangular function with the amplitude of 21.15V.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

The low-intensity magnetic field responses of the two system.

Equations (4)

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i si gnal = RI 0 [ 1 ± V cos ( ϕ e + Δ ϕ ) ]
V ( t ) = 2 GRI 0 V cos [ DV tri ( t ) + 2 π nL ξ λ C ( H d + h cos ω t ) 2 ]
V tri ( t ) = { 2 A T t , 0 t 1 2 T 2 A T ( T t ) , 1 2 T t T
V P P = 8 π nCL ξ GRI 0 Vh λ H d

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