Abstract

We demonstrate an integrated device for optical payload envelope detection and optical label recovery for optical packet switching. The device is designed to handle asynchronous serially labeled packets with variable length 40 Gbps payloads preceded by 10 Gbps labels. The device outputs two signals: 1. a payload envelope signal corresponding to the temporal location and duration of the optical payload and 2. an electrical label recovered from the optical label. The payload envelope signal has rise and fall times of 3 ns with 150 ps RMS jitter and is used to perform error free label erasure and rewriting. Error free label recovery is also demonstrated.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. D.J. Blumenthal, B. E. Olsson, G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, L. Rau, M. Masonovic, O. Lavrova, R. Doshi, O. Jerphagnon, J. E. Bowers, V. Kaman, L. A. Coldren, and J. Barton, "All-optical label swapping networks and technologies," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 2058-2075 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Viswanathan, N. Feldman, Z. Wang, and R. Callon, "Evolution of multiprotocol label switching," IEEE Commun. Mag. 36, 165-173 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. Ohlen, B. E. Olsson, and D. J. Blumenthal, "All-optical header erasure and penalty-free rewriting in a fiber-based high-speed wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 663-665 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Z. Hu, R. Doshi, H. Chou, H. N. Poulsen, D. Wolfson, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, "Optical label swapping using payload envelope detection circuits," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1537-1539 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Z. Hu; K. Nishimura; H.F. Chou; L. Rau; M. Usami; J.E. Bowers; D.J. Blumenthal, " 40-Gb/s optical packet clock recovery with simultaneous reshaping using a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator-based ring oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2640- 2642 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Z. Hu, R. Doshi, H. Chou, H. N. Poulsen, D. Wolfson, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, "Optical label swapping using payload envelope detection circuits," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1537-1539 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

Z. Hu; K. Nishimura; H.F. Chou; L. Rau; M. Usami; J.E. Bowers; D.J. Blumenthal, " 40-Gb/s optical packet clock recovery with simultaneous reshaping using a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator-based ring oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2640- 2642 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

D.J. Blumenthal, B. E. Olsson, G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, L. Rau, M. Masonovic, O. Lavrova, R. Doshi, O. Jerphagnon, J. E. Bowers, V. Kaman, L. A. Coldren, and J. Barton, "All-optical label swapping networks and technologies," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 2058-2075 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Ohlen, B. E. Olsson, and D. J. Blumenthal, "All-optical header erasure and penalty-free rewriting in a fiber-based high-speed wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 663-665 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. Viswanathan, N. Feldman, Z. Wang, and R. Callon, "Evolution of multiprotocol label switching," IEEE Commun. Mag. 36, 165-173 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Barton, J.

Blumenthal, D. J.

Z. Hu, R. Doshi, H. Chou, H. N. Poulsen, D. Wolfson, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, "Optical label swapping using payload envelope detection circuits," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1537-1539 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Ohlen, B. E. Olsson, and D. J. Blumenthal, "All-optical header erasure and penalty-free rewriting in a fiber-based high-speed wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 663-665 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Blumenthal, D.J.

Z. Hu; K. Nishimura; H.F. Chou; L. Rau; M. Usami; J.E. Bowers; D.J. Blumenthal, " 40-Gb/s optical packet clock recovery with simultaneous reshaping using a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator-based ring oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2640- 2642 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D.J. Blumenthal, B. E. Olsson, G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, L. Rau, M. Masonovic, O. Lavrova, R. Doshi, O. Jerphagnon, J. E. Bowers, V. Kaman, L. A. Coldren, and J. Barton, "All-optical label swapping networks and technologies," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 2058-2075 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

Z. Hu, R. Doshi, H. Chou, H. N. Poulsen, D. Wolfson, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, "Optical label swapping using payload envelope detection circuits," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1537-1539 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D.J. Blumenthal, B. E. Olsson, G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, L. Rau, M. Masonovic, O. Lavrova, R. Doshi, O. Jerphagnon, J. E. Bowers, V. Kaman, L. A. Coldren, and J. Barton, "All-optical label swapping networks and technologies," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 2058-2075 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J.E.

Z. Hu; K. Nishimura; H.F. Chou; L. Rau; M. Usami; J.E. Bowers; D.J. Blumenthal, " 40-Gb/s optical packet clock recovery with simultaneous reshaping using a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator-based ring oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2640- 2642 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Callon, R.

A. Viswanathan, N. Feldman, Z. Wang, and R. Callon, "Evolution of multiprotocol label switching," IEEE Commun. Mag. 36, 165-173 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chou, H.

Z. Hu, R. Doshi, H. Chou, H. N. Poulsen, D. Wolfson, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, "Optical label swapping using payload envelope detection circuits," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1537-1539 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chou, H.F.

Z. Hu; K. Nishimura; H.F. Chou; L. Rau; M. Usami; J.E. Bowers; D.J. Blumenthal, " 40-Gb/s optical packet clock recovery with simultaneous reshaping using a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator-based ring oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2640- 2642 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Coldren, L. A.

Dimmick, T. E.

Doshi, R.

Z. Hu, R. Doshi, H. Chou, H. N. Poulsen, D. Wolfson, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, "Optical label swapping using payload envelope detection circuits," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1537-1539 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D.J. Blumenthal, B. E. Olsson, G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, L. Rau, M. Masonovic, O. Lavrova, R. Doshi, O. Jerphagnon, J. E. Bowers, V. Kaman, L. A. Coldren, and J. Barton, "All-optical label swapping networks and technologies," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 2058-2075 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Feldman, N.

A. Viswanathan, N. Feldman, Z. Wang, and R. Callon, "Evolution of multiprotocol label switching," IEEE Commun. Mag. 36, 165-173 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Z.

Z. Hu, R. Doshi, H. Chou, H. N. Poulsen, D. Wolfson, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, "Optical label swapping using payload envelope detection circuits," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1537-1539 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hu; K. Nishimura; H.F. Chou; L. Rau; M. Usami; J.E. Bowers; D.J. Blumenthal, " 40-Gb/s optical packet clock recovery with simultaneous reshaping using a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator-based ring oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2640- 2642 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jerphagnon, O.

Kaman, V.

Lavrova, O.

Masonovic, M.

Nishimura, K.

Z. Hu; K. Nishimura; H.F. Chou; L. Rau; M. Usami; J.E. Bowers; D.J. Blumenthal, " 40-Gb/s optical packet clock recovery with simultaneous reshaping using a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator-based ring oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2640- 2642 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ohlen, P.

P. Ohlen, B. E. Olsson, and D. J. Blumenthal, "All-optical header erasure and penalty-free rewriting in a fiber-based high-speed wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 663-665 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Olsson, B. E.

P. Ohlen, B. E. Olsson, and D. J. Blumenthal, "All-optical header erasure and penalty-free rewriting in a fiber-based high-speed wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 663-665 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D.J. Blumenthal, B. E. Olsson, G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, L. Rau, M. Masonovic, O. Lavrova, R. Doshi, O. Jerphagnon, J. E. Bowers, V. Kaman, L. A. Coldren, and J. Barton, "All-optical label swapping networks and technologies," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 2058-2075 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Poulsen, H. N.

Z. Hu, R. Doshi, H. Chou, H. N. Poulsen, D. Wolfson, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, "Optical label swapping using payload envelope detection circuits," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1537-1539 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rau, L.

Z. Hu; K. Nishimura; H.F. Chou; L. Rau; M. Usami; J.E. Bowers; D.J. Blumenthal, " 40-Gb/s optical packet clock recovery with simultaneous reshaping using a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator-based ring oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2640- 2642 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D.J. Blumenthal, B. E. Olsson, G. Rossi, T. E. Dimmick, L. Rau, M. Masonovic, O. Lavrova, R. Doshi, O. Jerphagnon, J. E. Bowers, V. Kaman, L. A. Coldren, and J. Barton, "All-optical label swapping networks and technologies," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 2058-2075 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rossi, G.

Usami, M.

Z. Hu; K. Nishimura; H.F. Chou; L. Rau; M. Usami; J.E. Bowers; D.J. Blumenthal, " 40-Gb/s optical packet clock recovery with simultaneous reshaping using a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator-based ring oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2640- 2642 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Viswanathan, A.

A. Viswanathan, N. Feldman, Z. Wang, and R. Callon, "Evolution of multiprotocol label switching," IEEE Commun. Mag. 36, 165-173 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

A. Viswanathan, N. Feldman, Z. Wang, and R. Callon, "Evolution of multiprotocol label switching," IEEE Commun. Mag. 36, 165-173 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wolfson, D.

Z. Hu, R. Doshi, H. Chou, H. N. Poulsen, D. Wolfson, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, "Optical label swapping using payload envelope detection circuits," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1537-1539 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

A. Viswanathan, N. Feldman, Z. Wang, and R. Callon, "Evolution of multiprotocol label switching," IEEE Commun. Mag. 36, 165-173 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

P. Ohlen, B. E. Olsson, and D. J. Blumenthal, "All-optical header erasure and penalty-free rewriting in a fiber-based high-speed wavelength converter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 663-665 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hu, R. Doshi, H. Chou, H. N. Poulsen, D. Wolfson, J. E. Bowers, D. J. Blumenthal, "Optical label swapping using payload envelope detection circuits," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1537-1539 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hu; K. Nishimura; H.F. Chou; L. Rau; M. Usami; J.E. Bowers; D.J. Blumenthal, " 40-Gb/s optical packet clock recovery with simultaneous reshaping using a traveling-wave electroabsorption modulator-based ring oscillator," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2640- 2642 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Integrated PED/OLR device in an optical label swapping network node based on routing by wavelength conversion. SED stands for Schottky envelope detector. AWGR stands for arrayed wavelength grating router.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

PED/OLR hybrid integrated device.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Recovered label output from the photodetector on InP. (b) Bit error rates for labels at four different wavelengths recovered by the photodetector on the integrated device. Optical input power refers to power into the integrated device (TWPD, SOA, and then PD).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

RF spectra of the loop’s free running signal at around oscillation threshold (dashed line) and injection locked recovered optical clock (solid line). (inset) Transmitted optical packets at 40 Gbps (upper) and electrical recovered 40 GHz packet clock (lower).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Electrical recovered PED signal showing the rise and fall of the signal. (b) Variable length optical packet input (top) and corresponding PED electrical signals (bottom).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Oscilloscope traces of the packet input, after label erasure, and after label rewrite. Also shown are the BERs for the original (back to back) and rewritten label.

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