Abstract

The lifetime of a plasma channel produced by self-guiding intense femtosecond laser pulses in air is largely prolonged by adding a high voltage electrical field in the plasma and by introducing a series of femtosecond laser pulses. An optimal lifetime value is realized through adjusting the delay among these laser pulses. The lifetime of a plasma channel is greatly enhanced to 350 ns by using four sequential intense 100fs(FWHM) laser pulses with an external electrical field of about 350kV/m, which proves the feasibility of prolonging the lifetime of plasma by adding an external electrical field and employing multiple laser pulses.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2005 (2)

Q. Dong, F. Yan, J. Zhang, Z. Jin, H. Yang, Z. Hao, Z. Chen, Y. Li, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, "The measurement and analysis of the prolonged lifetime of the plasma channel formed by short pulse laser in air," Acta Physica Sin. 54, 3247-3250 (2005).

J. Liu, Z. Duan, Z. Zeng, X. Xie, Y. Deng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Time-resolved investigation of low-density plasma channels produced by a kilohertz femtosecond laser in air," Phys. Rev. E 72, 026412 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, "Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses," Phy. Rev. E 69, 036607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszcyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mechain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781-5783 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Lu, X. T. Ting, L. Ying-Jun, and Z. Jie, "Lifetime of the plasma channel produced by ultra-short and ultra-high power laser pulse in the air," Acta Physica Sin. 53, 3404-3408 (2004).

2003 (2)

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, N. Akozbek, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, "Effective length of filaments measurement using backscattered fluorescence from nitrogen molecules," Appl. Phys. B 77, 697-702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, "Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air," Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406(2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

H. Yang, J. Zhang, W. Yu, Y. J. Li, and Z. Y. Wei, "Long plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses," Phys. Rev. E 65, 016406(2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C.-Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. La Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, and F. A. Rizk, "Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses," IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28, 418-433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1995 (2)

A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, "Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in air," Opt. Lett. 20, 73-75 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X.M. Zhao, J.-Claude Diels, C. Y. Wang, and J. M. Elizondo, "Femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulse induced lightning discharges in gases," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31. 599-612(1995).
[CrossRef]

Ackermann, R.

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszcyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mechain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781-5783 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Akozbek, N.

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, N. Akozbek, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, "Effective length of filaments measurement using backscattered fluorescence from nitrogen molecules," Appl. Phys. B 77, 697-702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

André, Y.-B.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergmann, V.

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszcyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mechain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781-5783 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bourayou, R.

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, "Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses," Phy. Rev. E 69, 036607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Braun, A.

Chen, Z.

Q. Dong, F. Yan, J. Zhang, Z. Jin, H. Yang, Z. Hao, Z. Chen, Y. Li, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, "The measurement and analysis of the prolonged lifetime of the plasma channel formed by short pulse laser in air," Acta Physica Sin. 54, 3247-3250 (2005).

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, "Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air," Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406(2002).
[CrossRef]

Chien, C.-Y.

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C.-Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. La Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, and F. A. Rizk, "Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses," IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28, 418-433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chin, S. L.

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, N. Akozbek, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, "Effective length of filaments measurement using backscattered fluorescence from nitrogen molecules," Appl. Phys. B 77, 697-702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Comtois, D.

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C.-Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. La Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, and F. A. Rizk, "Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses," IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28, 418-433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Curley, P. F.

Deng, Y.

J. Liu, Z. Duan, Z. Zeng, X. Xie, Y. Deng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Time-resolved investigation of low-density plasma channels produced by a kilohertz femtosecond laser in air," Phys. Rev. E 72, 026412 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Desparois, A.

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C.-Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. La Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, and F. A. Rizk, "Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses," IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28, 418-433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Q.

Q. Dong, F. Yan, J. Zhang, Z. Jin, H. Yang, Z. Hao, Z. Chen, Y. Li, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, "The measurement and analysis of the prolonged lifetime of the plasma channel formed by short pulse laser in air," Acta Physica Sin. 54, 3247-3250 (2005).

Du, D.

Duan, Z.

J. Liu, Z. Duan, Z. Zeng, X. Xie, Y. Deng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Time-resolved investigation of low-density plasma channels produced by a kilohertz femtosecond laser in air," Phys. Rev. E 72, 026412 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Eislöffel, J.

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, "Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses," Phy. Rev. E 69, 036607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ferland, B.

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, N. Akozbek, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, "Effective length of filaments measurement using backscattered fluorescence from nitrogen molecules," Appl. Phys. B 77, 697-702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Franco, M. A.

Frey, S.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grillon, G.

Hao, Z.

Q. Dong, F. Yan, J. Zhang, Z. Jin, H. Yang, Z. Hao, Z. Chen, Y. Li, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, "The measurement and analysis of the prolonged lifetime of the plasma channel formed by short pulse laser in air," Acta Physica Sin. 54, 3247-3250 (2005).

Hatzes, A. P.

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, "Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses," Phy. Rev. E 69, 036607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hosseini, S. A.

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, N. Akozbek, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, "Effective length of filaments measurement using backscattered fluorescence from nitrogen molecules," Appl. Phys. B 77, 697-702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jie, Z.

X. Lu, X. T. Ting, L. Ying-Jun, and Z. Jie, "Lifetime of the plasma channel produced by ultra-short and ultra-high power laser pulse in the air," Acta Physica Sin. 53, 3404-3408 (2004).

Jin, Z.

Q. Dong, F. Yan, J. Zhang, Z. Jin, H. Yang, Z. Hao, Z. Chen, Y. Li, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, "The measurement and analysis of the prolonged lifetime of the plasma channel formed by short pulse laser in air," Acta Physica Sin. 54, 3247-3250 (2005).

Johnston, T. W.

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C.-Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. La Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, and F. A. Rizk, "Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses," IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28, 418-433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kalkner, W.

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszcyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mechain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781-5783 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kasparian, J.

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszcyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mechain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781-5783 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, "Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses," Phy. Rev. E 69, 036607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kieffer, J.-C.

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C.-Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. La Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, and F. A. Rizk, "Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses," IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28, 418-433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Korn, G.

Kumm, T.

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszcyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mechain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781-5783 (2004).
[CrossRef]

La Fontaine, B.

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C.-Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. La Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, and F. A. Rizk, "Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses," IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28, 418-433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Laux, U.

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, "Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses," Phy. Rev. E 69, 036607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, R.

J. Liu, Z. Duan, Z. Zeng, X. Xie, Y. Deng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Time-resolved investigation of low-density plasma channels produced by a kilohertz femtosecond laser in air," Phys. Rev. E 72, 026412 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Q. Dong, F. Yan, J. Zhang, Z. Jin, H. Yang, Z. Hao, Z. Chen, Y. Li, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, "The measurement and analysis of the prolonged lifetime of the plasma channel formed by short pulse laser in air," Acta Physica Sin. 54, 3247-3250 (2005).

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, "Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air," Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406(2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, "Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air," Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406(2002).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. J.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, W. Yu, Y. J. Li, and Z. Y. Wei, "Long plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses," Phys. Rev. E 65, 016406(2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, Z. Duan, Z. Zeng, X. Xie, Y. Deng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Time-resolved investigation of low-density plasma channels produced by a kilohertz femtosecond laser in air," Phys. Rev. E 72, 026412 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, N. Akozbek, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, "Effective length of filaments measurement using backscattered fluorescence from nitrogen molecules," Appl. Phys. B 77, 697-702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Lu, X.

X. Lu, X. T. Ting, L. Ying-Jun, and Z. Jie, "Lifetime of the plasma channel produced by ultra-short and ultra-high power laser pulse in the air," Acta Physica Sin. 53, 3404-3408 (2004).

Luo, Q.

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, N. Akozbek, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, "Effective length of filaments measurement using backscattered fluorescence from nitrogen molecules," Appl. Phys. B 77, 697-702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mechain, G.

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszcyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mechain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781-5783 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mejean, G.

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszcyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mechain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781-5783 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Méjean, G.

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, "Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses," Phy. Rev. E 69, 036607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mercure, H. P.

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C.-Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. La Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, and F. A. Rizk, "Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses," IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28, 418-433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

Mysyrowicz, A.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. T. J. Nibbering, P. F. Curley, G. Grillon, B. S. Prade, M. A. Franco, F. Salin, and A. Mysyrowicz, "Conical emission from self-guided femtosecond pulses in air," Opt. Lett. 21, 62-64 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nibbering, E. T. J.

Prade, B. S.

Rethmeier, K.

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszcyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mechain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781-5783 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rizk, F. A.

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C.-Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. La Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, and F. A. Rizk, "Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses," IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28, 418-433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, M.

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, "Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses," Phy. Rev. E 69, 036607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rohwetter, P.

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszcyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mechain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781-5783 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Roy, G.

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, N. Akozbek, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, "Effective length of filaments measurement using backscattered fluorescence from nitrogen molecules," Appl. Phys. B 77, 697-702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Salin, F.

Salmon, E.

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, "Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses," Phy. Rev. E 69, 036607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszcyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mechain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781-5783 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sauerbrey, R.

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, "Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses," Phy. Rev. E 69, 036607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schaper, S.

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszcyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mechain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781-5783 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Scholz, A.

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, "Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses," Phy. Rev. E 69, 036607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sheng, Z.

Q. Dong, F. Yan, J. Zhang, Z. Jin, H. Yang, Z. Hao, Z. Chen, Y. Li, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, "The measurement and analysis of the prolonged lifetime of the plasma channel formed by short pulse laser in air," Acta Physica Sin. 54, 3247-3250 (2005).

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, "Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air," Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406(2002).
[CrossRef]

Squier, J.

Stecklum, B.

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, "Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses," Phy. Rev. E 69, 036607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stelmaszcyk, K.

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszcyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mechain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781-5783 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Teng, H.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, "Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air," Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406(2002).
[CrossRef]

Ting, X. T.

X. Lu, X. T. Ting, L. Ying-Jun, and Z. Jie, "Lifetime of the plasma channel produced by ultra-short and ultra-high power laser pulse in the air," Acta Physica Sin. 53, 3404-3408 (2004).

Vidal, F.

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C.-Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. La Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, and F. A. Rizk, "Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses," IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28, 418-433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Z.

Q. Dong, F. Yan, J. Zhang, Z. Jin, H. Yang, Z. Hao, Z. Chen, Y. Li, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, "The measurement and analysis of the prolonged lifetime of the plasma channel formed by short pulse laser in air," Acta Physica Sin. 54, 3247-3250 (2005).

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, "Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air," Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406(2002).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Z. Y.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, W. Yu, Y. J. Li, and Z. Y. Wei, "Long plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses," Phys. Rev. E 65, 016406(2001).
[CrossRef]

Weise, B.

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszcyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mechain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781-5783 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wille, H.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolf, J. P.

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszcyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mechain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781-5783 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, J.-P.

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, "Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses," Phy. Rev. E 69, 036607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wöste, L.

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszcyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mechain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781-5783 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, "Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses," Phy. Rev. E 69, 036607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xie, X.

J. Liu, Z. Duan, Z. Zeng, X. Xie, Y. Deng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Time-resolved investigation of low-density plasma channels produced by a kilohertz femtosecond laser in air," Phys. Rev. E 72, 026412 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

J. Liu, Z. Duan, Z. Zeng, X. Xie, Y. Deng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Time-resolved investigation of low-density plasma channels produced by a kilohertz femtosecond laser in air," Phys. Rev. E 72, 026412 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yan, F.

Q. Dong, F. Yan, J. Zhang, Z. Jin, H. Yang, Z. Hao, Z. Chen, Y. Li, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, "The measurement and analysis of the prolonged lifetime of the plasma channel formed by short pulse laser in air," Acta Physica Sin. 54, 3247-3250 (2005).

Yang, H.

Q. Dong, F. Yan, J. Zhang, Z. Jin, H. Yang, Z. Hao, Z. Chen, Y. Li, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, "The measurement and analysis of the prolonged lifetime of the plasma channel formed by short pulse laser in air," Acta Physica Sin. 54, 3247-3250 (2005).

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, "Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air," Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406(2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Yang, J. Zhang, W. Yu, Y. J. Li, and Z. Y. Wei, "Long plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses," Phys. Rev. E 65, 016406(2001).
[CrossRef]

Ying-Jun, L.

X. Lu, X. T. Ting, L. Ying-Jun, and Z. Jie, "Lifetime of the plasma channel produced by ultra-short and ultra-high power laser pulse in the air," Acta Physica Sin. 53, 3404-3408 (2004).

Yu, J.

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszcyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mechain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781-5783 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, "Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses," Phy. Rev. E 69, 036607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, W.

H. Yang, J. Zhang, W. Yu, Y. J. Li, and Z. Y. Wei, "Long plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses," Phys. Rev. E 65, 016406(2001).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, Z.

J. Liu, Z. Duan, Z. Zeng, X. Xie, Y. Deng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Time-resolved investigation of low-density plasma channels produced by a kilohertz femtosecond laser in air," Phys. Rev. E 72, 026412 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

Q. Dong, F. Yan, J. Zhang, Z. Jin, H. Yang, Z. Hao, Z. Chen, Y. Li, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, "The measurement and analysis of the prolonged lifetime of the plasma channel formed by short pulse laser in air," Acta Physica Sin. 54, 3247-3250 (2005).

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, "Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air," Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406(2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, "Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air," Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406(2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Yang, J. Zhang, W. Yu, Y. J. Li, and Z. Y. Wei, "Long plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses," Phys. Rev. E 65, 016406(2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, X.M.

X.M. Zhao, J.-Claude Diels, C. Y. Wang, and J. M. Elizondo, "Femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulse induced lightning discharges in gases," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31. 599-612(1995).
[CrossRef]

Acta Physica Sin. (2)

X. Lu, X. T. Ting, L. Ying-Jun, and Z. Jie, "Lifetime of the plasma channel produced by ultra-short and ultra-high power laser pulse in the air," Acta Physica Sin. 53, 3404-3408 (2004).

Q. Dong, F. Yan, J. Zhang, Z. Jin, H. Yang, Z. Hao, Z. Chen, Y. Li, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, "The measurement and analysis of the prolonged lifetime of the plasma channel formed by short pulse laser in air," Acta Physica Sin. 54, 3247-3250 (2005).

Appl. Phys. B (1)

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, N. Akozbek, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, "Effective length of filaments measurement using backscattered fluorescence from nitrogen molecules," Appl. Phys. B 77, 697-702 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Ackermann, K. Stelmaszcyk, P. Rohwetter, G. Mejean, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. Kasparian, G. Mechain, V. Bergmann, S. Schaper, B. Weise, T. Kumm, K. Rethmeier, W. Kalkner, L. Wöste, and J. P. Wolf, "Triggering and guiding of megavolt discharges by laser-induced filaments under rain conditions," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5781-5783 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

X.M. Zhao, J.-Claude Diels, C. Y. Wang, and J. M. Elizondo, "Femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulse induced lightning discharges in gases," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31. 599-612(1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. (1)

F. Vidal, D. Comtois, C.-Y. Chien, A. Desparois, B. La Fontaine, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, H. P. Mercure, and F. A. Rizk, "Modeling the triggering of streamers in air by ultrashort laser pulses," IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 28, 418-433 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phy. Rev. E (1)

M. Rodriguez, R. Bourayou, G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, J. Yu, E. Salmon, A. Scholz, B. Stecklum, J. Eislöffel, U. Laux, A. P. Hatzes, R. Sauerbrey, L. Wöste, and J.-P. Wolf, "Kilometer-range nonlinear propagation of femtosecond laser pulses," Phy. Rev. E 69, 036607 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (3)

H. Yang, J. Zhang, W. Yu, Y. J. Li, and Z. Y. Wei, "Long plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses," Phys. Rev. E 65, 016406(2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Yang, J. Zhang, Y. Li, J. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. Chen, H. Teng, Z. Wei, and Z. Sheng, "Characteristics of self-guided laser plasma channels generated by femtosecond laser pulses in air," Phys. Rev. E 66, 016406(2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, Z. Duan, Z. Zeng, X. Xie, Y. Deng, R. Li, and Z. Xu, "Time-resolved investigation of low-density plasma channels produced by a kilohertz femtosecond laser in air," Phys. Rev. E 72, 026412 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, "White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis," Science 301, 61-64 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

M. A. Biondi, "Recombination," in Principles of Laser Plasmas, G. Bekefi, ed. pp.125-157 (New York, Wiley, 1976).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup; Electrodes a, b, and probe c are set close to the path of the plasma channel induced by femtosecond laser pulse.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Measured electrical signals (solid line a, dashed line b, and dash-dotted line c correspond to electrical fields of 0V/m, 250kV/m, 350kV/m respectively); (b) Theoretical calculation with initial condition that n e =×1017 cm -3.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Electrical signals in double-pulse scheme. The energies of two pulses with the delay of 20 ns are 0.5 mJ and 0.4 mJ respectively. The energies of two pulses with the delay of 40 ns are also 0.5 mJ and 0.4 mJ respectively.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Electrical signals in double-pulse scheme. The energies of two pulses with the delay of 60 ns are 0.5 mJ respectively. The energies of two pulses with the delay of 100 ns are 0.3 mJ respectively.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Electrical signal in four-pulse scheme. The energy of the first pulse is 0.4 mJ, and the energies of later pulses are all about 0.1 mJ. The delay between two contiguous pulses is 70 ns.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Theoretical simulation with α=7.4×104 s -1 and η=2.5×107 s -1 [11]; Solid line a, dashed line b and dash-dotted line c correspond to different dissociative recombination rates 2.2×10-13 m 3/s, 0.8×10-13 m 3/s and 0.3×10-13 m 3/s respectively.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n e t = α n e η n e β ep n e n p
n p t = α n e β ep n e n p β np n n n p
n n t = η n e β np n n n p
β 1 ( m 3 s ) = 2.035 × 10 12 Te 0.39 , ( e N 2 + )
β 2 ( m 3 s ) = 1.138 × 10 11 Te 0.70 , ( e O 2 + )
β ep = 0.79 β 1 + 0.21 β 2

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