Abstract

We demonstrate, for the first time to our knowledge, a longitudinally diode-pumped, monolithic ytterbium ion-doped YAG non-planar ring laser (NPRO). We achieved a continuous-wave (cw) single-frequency output power of 1 W with 45.0% slope efficiency and a beam quality factor of M2<1.1. In view of iodine frequency stabilization we have characterized the frequency tuning properties and have measured the relative intensity noise. Additionally, 6.1 mW second harmonic power at 515 nm was achieved using a periodically poled KTP crystal in a single-pass setup.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. J. Kane and R. L. Byer, "Monolithic, unidirectional single-mode Nd:YAG ring laser," Opt. Lett. 10, 65- 67 (1985).
  2. I. Freitag, A. Tünnermann and H. Welling, "Power scaling of diode-pumped monolithic Nd:YAG lasers to output powers of several watts," Opt. Commun. 115, 511-515 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. J. Zayhowski and A. Mooradian, "Single-frequency microchip Nd laser," Opt. Lett. 14, 24-26 (1989).
  4. K. Wallmeroth, "Monolithic integrated Nd:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 15, 903-905 (1990).
  5. F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, K. Seta, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, "Portable I-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons," Trans. Inst. Meas. 50, 486-489 (2001).
  6. S. Picard, L. Robertsson, L.-S. Ma, Y. Millerioux, P. Juncar, J.-P. Wallerand, P. Balling, P. Kren, K. Nyholm, M. Merimaa, T. E. Ahola, and F.-L. Hong, "Results from international comparisons at the BIPM providing a world-wide reference network of 127I2 stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG lasers," Trans. Inst. Meas. 52, 236-239 (2003).
  7. W.-Y. Cheng, L. Chen, T. H. Yoon, J. L. Hall and J. Ye, "Sub-Doppler molecular-iodine transitions near the dissociation limit (523-498 nm)," Opt. Lett. 27, 571-573 (2002).
  8. T. J. Carrig, J. W. Hobbs, C. W. Urbina, G. J. Wagner, C. P. Hale, S. W. Henderson, R. A, Swirbalus and C. A. Denman, "Single-frequency, diode-pumped Yb:YAG and Yb:YLF laser," Advanced Solid-State Lasers (ASSP), paper WC12 (2000).
  9. T. Y. Fan and J. Ochoa, "Tunable single-frequency Yb:YAG laser with 1-W output power using twisted-mode technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1137-1138 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  10. W. F. Krupke, "Ytterbium solid-state lasers-The first decade," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1287-1296 (2000).
  11. M. Bode and I. Freitag, "Passively q-switched, quasi-monolithic Nd:YAG ring lasers with high single-frequency output power," Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) Europe, paper CThL1 (2000).
  12. A. C. Nilsson, E. K. Gustafson, R. L. Byer, "Eigenpolarization theory of monolithic nonplanar ring oscillators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 767-790 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. J. Kane, A. C. Nilsson and R. L. Byer, "Frequency stability and offset locking of a laser-diode-pumped Nd:YAG monolithic nonplanar ring oscillator," Opt. Lett. 12, 175-177 (1987)
  14. T. J. Kane and E. A. P. Cheng, "Fast frequency tuning and phase locking of diode-pumped Nd:YAG ring lasers," Opt. Lett. 13, 970-972 (1988).
  15. B. Willke, S. Brozek, K. Danzmann, V. Quetschke and S. Gossler, "Frequency stabilization of a monolithic Nd:YAG ring laser by controlling the power of the laser-diode pump source," Opt. Lett. 25, 1019-1021 (2000).
  16. C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag and H. Welling, "Suppression of intensity noise in a diode-pumped Neodymium:YAG nonplanar ring laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907-2913 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, P. K. Lam, D. E. McClelland, and H.-A. Bachor, "Understanding and controlling laser intensity noise," Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 583-598 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (1)

S. Picard, L. Robertsson, L.-S. Ma, Y. Millerioux, P. Juncar, J.-P. Wallerand, P. Balling, P. Kren, K. Nyholm, M. Merimaa, T. E. Ahola, and F.-L. Hong, "Results from international comparisons at the BIPM providing a world-wide reference network of 127I2 stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG lasers," Trans. Inst. Meas. 52, 236-239 (2003).

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, K. Seta, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, "Portable I-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons," Trans. Inst. Meas. 50, 486-489 (2001).

2000 (2)

1999 (1)

T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, P. K. Lam, D. E. McClelland, and H.-A. Bachor, "Understanding and controlling laser intensity noise," Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 583-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

I. Freitag, A. Tünnermann and H. Welling, "Power scaling of diode-pumped monolithic Nd:YAG lasers to output powers of several watts," Opt. Commun. 115, 511-515 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan and J. Ochoa, "Tunable single-frequency Yb:YAG laser with 1-W output power using twisted-mode technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1137-1138 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag and H. Welling, "Suppression of intensity noise in a diode-pumped Neodymium:YAG nonplanar ring laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907-2913 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1989 (2)

J. J. Zayhowski and A. Mooradian, "Single-frequency microchip Nd laser," Opt. Lett. 14, 24-26 (1989).

A. C. Nilsson, E. K. Gustafson, R. L. Byer, "Eigenpolarization theory of monolithic nonplanar ring oscillators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 767-790 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

1987 (1)

1985 (1)

Ahola, T. E.

S. Picard, L. Robertsson, L.-S. Ma, Y. Millerioux, P. Juncar, J.-P. Wallerand, P. Balling, P. Kren, K. Nyholm, M. Merimaa, T. E. Ahola, and F.-L. Hong, "Results from international comparisons at the BIPM providing a world-wide reference network of 127I2 stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG lasers," Trans. Inst. Meas. 52, 236-239 (2003).

Bachor, H.-A.

T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, P. K. Lam, D. E. McClelland, and H.-A. Bachor, "Understanding and controlling laser intensity noise," Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 583-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag and H. Welling, "Suppression of intensity noise in a diode-pumped Neodymium:YAG nonplanar ring laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907-2913 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Balling, P.

S. Picard, L. Robertsson, L.-S. Ma, Y. Millerioux, P. Juncar, J.-P. Wallerand, P. Balling, P. Kren, K. Nyholm, M. Merimaa, T. E. Ahola, and F.-L. Hong, "Results from international comparisons at the BIPM providing a world-wide reference network of 127I2 stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG lasers," Trans. Inst. Meas. 52, 236-239 (2003).

Bi, Z.-Y.

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, K. Seta, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, "Portable I-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons," Trans. Inst. Meas. 50, 486-489 (2001).

Brozek, S.

Buchler, B. C.

T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, P. K. Lam, D. E. McClelland, and H.-A. Bachor, "Understanding and controlling laser intensity noise," Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 583-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Chen, L.

Cheng, E. A. P.

Cheng, W.-Y.

Danzmann, K.

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan and J. Ochoa, "Tunable single-frequency Yb:YAG laser with 1-W output power using twisted-mode technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1137-1138 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Freitag, I.

I. Freitag, A. Tünnermann and H. Welling, "Power scaling of diode-pumped monolithic Nd:YAG lasers to output powers of several watts," Opt. Commun. 115, 511-515 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag and H. Welling, "Suppression of intensity noise in a diode-pumped Neodymium:YAG nonplanar ring laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907-2913 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gossler, S.

Gray, M. B.

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag and H. Welling, "Suppression of intensity noise in a diode-pumped Neodymium:YAG nonplanar ring laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907-2913 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gustafson, E. K.

A. C. Nilsson, E. K. Gustafson, R. L. Byer, "Eigenpolarization theory of monolithic nonplanar ring oscillators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 767-790 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

Harb, C. C.

T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, P. K. Lam, D. E. McClelland, and H.-A. Bachor, "Understanding and controlling laser intensity noise," Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 583-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag and H. Welling, "Suppression of intensity noise in a diode-pumped Neodymium:YAG nonplanar ring laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907-2913 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hong, F.-L.

S. Picard, L. Robertsson, L.-S. Ma, Y. Millerioux, P. Juncar, J.-P. Wallerand, P. Balling, P. Kren, K. Nyholm, M. Merimaa, T. E. Ahola, and F.-L. Hong, "Results from international comparisons at the BIPM providing a world-wide reference network of 127I2 stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG lasers," Trans. Inst. Meas. 52, 236-239 (2003).

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, K. Seta, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, "Portable I-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons," Trans. Inst. Meas. 50, 486-489 (2001).

Huntington, E. H.

T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, P. K. Lam, D. E. McClelland, and H.-A. Bachor, "Understanding and controlling laser intensity noise," Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 583-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, J.

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, K. Seta, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, "Portable I-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons," Trans. Inst. Meas. 50, 486-489 (2001).

Juncar, P.

S. Picard, L. Robertsson, L.-S. Ma, Y. Millerioux, P. Juncar, J.-P. Wallerand, P. Balling, P. Kren, K. Nyholm, M. Merimaa, T. E. Ahola, and F.-L. Hong, "Results from international comparisons at the BIPM providing a world-wide reference network of 127I2 stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG lasers," Trans. Inst. Meas. 52, 236-239 (2003).

Kane, T. J.

Kren, P.

S. Picard, L. Robertsson, L.-S. Ma, Y. Millerioux, P. Juncar, J.-P. Wallerand, P. Balling, P. Kren, K. Nyholm, M. Merimaa, T. E. Ahola, and F.-L. Hong, "Results from international comparisons at the BIPM providing a world-wide reference network of 127I2 stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG lasers," Trans. Inst. Meas. 52, 236-239 (2003).

Krupke, W. F.

W. F. Krupke, "Ytterbium solid-state lasers-The first decade," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1287-1296 (2000).

Lam, P. K.

T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, P. K. Lam, D. E. McClelland, and H.-A. Bachor, "Understanding and controlling laser intensity noise," Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 583-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ma, L.-S.

S. Picard, L. Robertsson, L.-S. Ma, Y. Millerioux, P. Juncar, J.-P. Wallerand, P. Balling, P. Kren, K. Nyholm, M. Merimaa, T. E. Ahola, and F.-L. Hong, "Results from international comparisons at the BIPM providing a world-wide reference network of 127I2 stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG lasers," Trans. Inst. Meas. 52, 236-239 (2003).

Matsumoto, H.

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, K. Seta, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, "Portable I-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons," Trans. Inst. Meas. 50, 486-489 (2001).

McClelland, D. E.

T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, P. K. Lam, D. E. McClelland, and H.-A. Bachor, "Understanding and controlling laser intensity noise," Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 583-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Merimaa, M.

S. Picard, L. Robertsson, L.-S. Ma, Y. Millerioux, P. Juncar, J.-P. Wallerand, P. Balling, P. Kren, K. Nyholm, M. Merimaa, T. E. Ahola, and F.-L. Hong, "Results from international comparisons at the BIPM providing a world-wide reference network of 127I2 stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG lasers," Trans. Inst. Meas. 52, 236-239 (2003).

Millerioux, Y.

S. Picard, L. Robertsson, L.-S. Ma, Y. Millerioux, P. Juncar, J.-P. Wallerand, P. Balling, P. Kren, K. Nyholm, M. Merimaa, T. E. Ahola, and F.-L. Hong, "Results from international comparisons at the BIPM providing a world-wide reference network of 127I2 stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG lasers," Trans. Inst. Meas. 52, 236-239 (2003).

Mooradian, A.

Nilsson, A. C.

A. C. Nilsson, E. K. Gustafson, R. L. Byer, "Eigenpolarization theory of monolithic nonplanar ring oscillators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 767-790 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Kane, A. C. Nilsson and R. L. Byer, "Frequency stability and offset locking of a laser-diode-pumped Nd:YAG monolithic nonplanar ring oscillator," Opt. Lett. 12, 175-177 (1987)

Nyholm, K.

S. Picard, L. Robertsson, L.-S. Ma, Y. Millerioux, P. Juncar, J.-P. Wallerand, P. Balling, P. Kren, K. Nyholm, M. Merimaa, T. E. Ahola, and F.-L. Hong, "Results from international comparisons at the BIPM providing a world-wide reference network of 127I2 stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG lasers," Trans. Inst. Meas. 52, 236-239 (2003).

Ochoa, J.

T. Y. Fan and J. Ochoa, "Tunable single-frequency Yb:YAG laser with 1-W output power using twisted-mode technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1137-1138 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Onae, A.

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, K. Seta, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, "Portable I-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons," Trans. Inst. Meas. 50, 486-489 (2001).

Picard, S.

S. Picard, L. Robertsson, L.-S. Ma, Y. Millerioux, P. Juncar, J.-P. Wallerand, P. Balling, P. Kren, K. Nyholm, M. Merimaa, T. E. Ahola, and F.-L. Hong, "Results from international comparisons at the BIPM providing a world-wide reference network of 127I2 stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG lasers," Trans. Inst. Meas. 52, 236-239 (2003).

Quetschke, V.

Ralph, T. C.

T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, P. K. Lam, D. E. McClelland, and H.-A. Bachor, "Understanding and controlling laser intensity noise," Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 583-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Robertsson, L.

S. Picard, L. Robertsson, L.-S. Ma, Y. Millerioux, P. Juncar, J.-P. Wallerand, P. Balling, P. Kren, K. Nyholm, M. Merimaa, T. E. Ahola, and F.-L. Hong, "Results from international comparisons at the BIPM providing a world-wide reference network of 127I2 stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG lasers," Trans. Inst. Meas. 52, 236-239 (2003).

Rottengatter, P.

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag and H. Welling, "Suppression of intensity noise in a diode-pumped Neodymium:YAG nonplanar ring laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907-2913 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Schilling, R.

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag and H. Welling, "Suppression of intensity noise in a diode-pumped Neodymium:YAG nonplanar ring laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907-2913 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Seta, K.

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, K. Seta, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, "Portable I-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons," Trans. Inst. Meas. 50, 486-489 (2001).

Tünnermann, A.

I. Freitag, A. Tünnermann and H. Welling, "Power scaling of diode-pumped monolithic Nd:YAG lasers to output powers of several watts," Opt. Commun. 115, 511-515 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wallerand, J.-P.

S. Picard, L. Robertsson, L.-S. Ma, Y. Millerioux, P. Juncar, J.-P. Wallerand, P. Balling, P. Kren, K. Nyholm, M. Merimaa, T. E. Ahola, and F.-L. Hong, "Results from international comparisons at the BIPM providing a world-wide reference network of 127I2 stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG lasers," Trans. Inst. Meas. 52, 236-239 (2003).

Wallmeroth, K.

Welling, H.

I. Freitag, A. Tünnermann and H. Welling, "Power scaling of diode-pumped monolithic Nd:YAG lasers to output powers of several watts," Opt. Commun. 115, 511-515 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag and H. Welling, "Suppression of intensity noise in a diode-pumped Neodymium:YAG nonplanar ring laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907-2913 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Willke, B.

Ye, J.

Yoda, J.

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, K. Seta, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, "Portable I-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons," Trans. Inst. Meas. 50, 486-489 (2001).

Yoon, T. H.

Zayhowski, J. J.

Zhang, J.

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, K. Seta, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, "Portable I-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons," Trans. Inst. Meas. 50, 486-489 (2001).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

A. C. Nilsson, E. K. Gustafson, R. L. Byer, "Eigenpolarization theory of monolithic nonplanar ring oscillators," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 767-790 (1989).
[CrossRef]

C. C. Harb, M. B. Gray, H.-A. Bachor, R. Schilling, P. Rottengatter, I. Freitag and H. Welling, "Suppression of intensity noise in a diode-pumped Neodymium:YAG nonplanar ring laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2907-2913 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. F. Krupke, "Ytterbium solid-state lasers-The first decade," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1287-1296 (2000).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. Y. Fan and J. Ochoa, "Tunable single-frequency Yb:YAG laser with 1-W output power using twisted-mode technique," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 7, 1137-1138 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

I. Freitag, A. Tünnermann and H. Welling, "Power scaling of diode-pumped monolithic Nd:YAG lasers to output powers of several watts," Opt. Commun. 115, 511-515 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (7)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. C. Ralph, E. H. Huntington, C. C. Harb, B. C. Buchler, P. K. Lam, D. E. McClelland, and H.-A. Bachor, "Understanding and controlling laser intensity noise," Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 583-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Trans. Inst. Meas. (2)

F.-L. Hong, J. Ishikawa, Z.-Y. Bi, J. Zhang, K. Seta, A. Onae, J. Yoda, and H. Matsumoto, "Portable I-stabilized Nd:YAG laser for international comparisons," Trans. Inst. Meas. 50, 486-489 (2001).

S. Picard, L. Robertsson, L.-S. Ma, Y. Millerioux, P. Juncar, J.-P. Wallerand, P. Balling, P. Kren, K. Nyholm, M. Merimaa, T. E. Ahola, and F.-L. Hong, "Results from international comparisons at the BIPM providing a world-wide reference network of 127I2 stabilized frequency-doubled Nd:YAG lasers," Trans. Inst. Meas. 52, 236-239 (2003).

Other (2)

T. J. Carrig, J. W. Hobbs, C. W. Urbina, G. J. Wagner, C. P. Hale, S. W. Henderson, R. A, Swirbalus and C. A. Denman, "Single-frequency, diode-pumped Yb:YAG and Yb:YLF laser," Advanced Solid-State Lasers (ASSP), paper WC12 (2000).

M. Bode and I. Freitag, "Passively q-switched, quasi-monolithic Nd:YAG ring lasers with high single-frequency output power," Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) Europe, paper CThL1 (2000).

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