Abstract

200 TW peak power has been achieved experimentally using a Cr:forsterite master oscillator at 1250 nm, a stretcher, three optical parametrical amplifiers based on KD*P (DKDP) crystals providing 14.5 J energy in the chirped pulse at 910 nm central wavelength, and a vacuum compressor. The final parametrical amplifier and the compressor are described in detail. Scaling of such architecture to multipetawatt power is discussed.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

Advanced Solid-State Photonics

A. K. Poteomkin, E. V. Katin, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal'shakov, M. A. Martyanov, A. Z. Matveev, O. V. Palashov and A. A. Shaykin, "A 100 J 1 ns Nd:glass laser for optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers pumping," in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2005), p. TuB42.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phy. B

S. W. Bahk, P. Rousseau, T. A. Planchon, V. Chvykov, G. Kalintchenko, A. Maksimchuk, G. A. Mourou and V. Yanovsky, "Characterization of focal field formed by a large numerical aperture parabological mirror and generation of ultra-high intensity (1022 W/cm2)," Appl. Phy. B 80, 823-832 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

J. Hein, S. Podleska, M. Siebold, M. Hellwing, R. Bodefeld, R. Sauerbrey, D. Ehrt and W. Wintzer, "Diode-pumped chirped pulse amplification to the joule level," Appl. Phys. B 79, 419-422 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Applied Physics B

R. Butkus, R. Danielius, A. Dubietis, A. Piskarskas and A. Stabinis, "Progress in chirped pulse optical parametric amplifiers," Applied Physics B 79, 693-700 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

E. B. Treacy, "Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 454-458 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kitagawa, H. Fujita, R. Kodama, H. Yoshida, S. Matsuo, T. Jitsuno, T. Kawasaki, H. Kitamura, T. Kanabe, S. Sakabe, K. Shigemori, N. Miyanaga and Y. Izawa, "Prepulse-free petawatt laser for a fast ignitor," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 281-293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics

P. Matousek, B. Rus and I. N. Ross, "Design of a multi-petawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier for the iodine laser ASTERIX IV," IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics 36, 158-163 (2000).
[CrossRef]

International Symposium Topical Problem

P. Vivini, N. Blanchot, E. Bignon, H. Coic, E. Couturier, E. Freysz, E. Hugonnot, J. Luce, G. Marre, A. Migus, S. Montant, S. Mousset, S. Noailles, J. Neauport, C. Rouyer, C. Rulliere, C. Sauteret and L. Videau, "Petawatt laser project in aquitaine: characteristics and last developments," in International Symposium Topical Problem of Nonlinear Wave Physics, 2005, p. 100-101.

J. Opt. Soc. Am B

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, G. H. C. New and K. Osvay, "Analysis and optimization of optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," J. Opt. Soc. Am B 19, 2945-2956 (2002).
[CrossRef]

JETP Letters

V. V. Lozhkarev, S. G. Garanin, R. R. Gerke, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal'shakov, M. A. Martyanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. M. Sergeev, S. A. Sukharev, E. A. Khazanov, G. I. Freidman, A. V. Charukhchev, A. A. Shaykin and A. A. Yakovlev, "100-TW femtosecond laser based on parametric amplification," JETP Letters, 82, 178-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. F. Andreev, V. I. Bespalov, V. I. Bredikhin, S. G. Garanin, V. N. Ginzburg, K. L. Dvorkin, E. V. Katin, A. I. Korytin, V. V. Lozhkarev, O. V. Palashov, N. N. Rukavishnikov, A. M. Sergeev, S. A. Sukharev, G. I. Freidman, E. A. Khazanov and I. V. Yakovlev, "New scheme of a petawatt laser based on nondegenerate parametric amplification of chirped pulses in DKDP crystals," JETP Letters, 79, 144-147 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys.

V. V. Lozhkarev, G. I. Freidman, V. N. Ginzburg, E. A. Khazanov, O. V. Palashov, A. M. Sergeev and I.V. Yakovlev, "Study of broadband optical parametric chirped pulse amplification in DKDP crystal pumped by the second harmonic of a Nd:YLF laser," Laser Phys. 15, 1319-1333 (2005).

Lasers and Electro-Optics

O. Chekhlov, J. L. Collier, I. N. Ross, P. Bates, M. Notley, W. Shaikh, C. N. Danson, D. Neely, P. Matousek and S. Hancock, "Recent progress towards a petawatt power using optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2005), p. JFB3.

G. Freidman, N. Andreev, V. Bespalov, V. Bredikhin, V. Ginzburg, E. Katin, A. Korytin, E. Khazanov, V. Lozhkarev, O. Palashov, A. Sergeev, I. Yakovlev, S. Garanin, N. Rukavishnikov and S. Sukharev, "Use of KD*P crystals for non-degenerated broadband optical parametric chirped pulse amplification in petawatt lasers," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), p. CPDA9-1.

J. L. Collier, O. Chekhlov, R. J. Clarke, E. J. Divall, K. Ertel, B. D. Fell, P. S. Foster, S. J. Hancock, C. J. Hooker, A. Langley, B. Martin, D. Neely, J. Smith and B. E. Wyborn, "The astra gemini project a high repetition rate dual beam petawatt laser facility," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2005), p. JFB1.

R. Li, Y. Leng and Z. Xu, "High power optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers and their applications," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2005), p. CMB1.

C. P. J. Barty, M. Key, J. A. Britten, C. Brown, J. Caird, J. Crane, J. Dawson, A. Drobshoff, A. Erlandson, D. Fittinghoff, M. Hermann, L. Jones, I. Jovanovic, A. Komashko, O. Landen, Z. Liao, W. Molander, E. Moses, N. Nielsen, D. Pennington, L. Risinger, M. Rushford, M. Spaeth, B. C. Stuart, G. Tietbohl and B. Wattellier, "Motivations and challenges for high energy petawatt lasers at the national ignition facility," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2004), p. JTuG4.

E. W. Gaul, T. Ditmire, M. D. Martinez, S. Douglas, D. Gorski, G. R. Hays and W. Henderson, "Design of the texas petawatt laser," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2005), p. JFB2.

Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conve

G. Freidman, N. Andreev, V. Bespalov, V. Bredikhin, V. Ginzburg, E. Katin, E. Khazanov, A. Korytin, V. Lozhkarev, O. Palashov, A. Poteomkin, A. Sergeev and I. Yakovlev, "Multi-cascade broadband optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier based on KD*P crystals," in Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion: Materials, Devices, and Applications II, ed., Proc. SPIE, 4972, 90-101 2003.
[CrossRef]

Nucl. Fusion

C. N. Danson, P. A. Brummitt, R. J. Clarke, J. L. Collier, G. Fell, A. J. Frackiewicz, S. Hancock, S. Hawkes, C. Hernandez-Gomez, P. Holligan, M. H. R. Hutchinson, A. Kidd, W. J. Lester, I. O. Musgrave, D. Neely, D. R. Neville, P. A. Norreys, D. A. Pepler, C. J. Reason, W. Shaikh, T. B. Winstone, R. W. W. Wyatt and B. E. Wyborn, "Vulcan petawatt - an ultra-high-intensity interaction facility," Nucl. Fusion 44, S239-S249 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley and J. L. Collier, "The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers," Opt. Commun. 144, 125-133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Photonics News

L. J. Waxer, D. N. Maywar, J. H. Kelly, T. J. Kessler, B. E. Kruschwitz, S. J. Loucks, R. L. McCrory, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. F. B. Morse, C. Stoeckl and J. D. Zuegel, "High-energy petawatt capability for the Omega laser," Opt. Photonics News 16, 30-36 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Optics Communications

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas and A. Piskarskas, "Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal," Optics Communications 88, 437-440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Optics Letters

X. Yang, Z. h. Xu, Y.-x. Leng, H.-h. Lu, L.-h. Lin, Z.-q. Zhang, R.-x. Li, W.-q. Zhang, D.-j. Yin and B. Tang, "Multiterawatt laser system based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification," Optics Letters 27, 1135-1137 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron.

A. K. Poteomkin, E. V. Katin, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Mal'shakov, M. A. Martyanov, A. Z. Matveev, O. V. Palashov, E. A. Khazanov and A. A. Shaykin, "Compact 100 J/100 GW Nd:Phosphate laser for optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier pumping," Quantum Electron. 35, 302-310 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. V. Katin, V. V. Lozhkarev, O. V. Palashov and E. A. Khazanov, "Synchronization of femtosecond and Q-switched lasers with 50ps accuracy," Quantum Electron. 33, 836-840 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Garanin, A. I. Zaretskii, R. I. Il'kaev, G. A. Kirillov, G. G. Kochemasov, R. F. Kurunov, V. M. Murugov and S. A. Sukharev, "Channel of a high-power laser fusion Luch facility emitting 3.3-kJ, and 4-ns pulses," Quantum Electron. 35, 299-301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. D. Vinokurova, R. R. Gerke, T. G. Dubrovina, M. D. Mikhailov, E. G. Sall', A. V. Charukhchev and V. E. Yashina, "Metallised holographic diffraction gratings with the enhanced radiation resistance for laser pulse compression systems," Quantum Electron. 35, 569-572 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Lasers for Application to In

D. M. Pennington, M. D. Perry, B. C. Stuart, R. D. Boyd, J. A. Britten, C. G. Brown, S. M. Herman, J. L. Miller, H. T. Nguyen, B. W. Shore, G. L. Tietbohl and V. Yanovsky, "Petawatt laser system," in Solid State Lasers for Application to Inertial Confinement Fusion: Second Annual International Conference, M. L. Andre ed., Proc. SPIE, 3047, 490-500 1997.

Solid State Lasers XI

G. Freidman, N. Andreev, V. Ginzburg, E. Katin, E. Khazanov, V. Lozhkarev, O. Palashov, A. Sergeev and I. Yakovlev, "Parametric amplification of chirped laser pulses at 911 nm and 1250 nm wavelengths," in Solid State Lasers XI, R. Scheps ed., Proc. SPIE, 4630, 135-146 2002.
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. Usp

Piskarskas, A. Stabinis and A. Yankauskas, "Phase effects in optical parametric amplifiers and oscillators of ultrashort optical pulses," Sov. Phys. Usp 29, 969 (1986).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Scheme of 200TW laser system based on OPAs.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic diagram of non-collinear three-wave interaction in a nonlinear crystal at optical parametric amplification of broadband signal radiation.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Schematic diagram of experimental setup for OPAIII adjustment.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Contrast arc in far field of parametric superluminescence.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Spectral-angular diagram of parametric superluminescence at wrong (a) and proper (b) alignment of θ3 and as well as of an amplified signal from OPA I (c).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Pulse energy at the compressor input (a) and OPA III energy efficiency (b) vs. pump pulse energy at input OPA III signal pulse energy 3-7.5mJ (brown), 7.5-15mJ (green), 15-20mJ (blue), and 20-27mJ (pink).

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Quality of signal beam after OPA III in near field (a) and far field (b).

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Autocorrelation function of compressed pulse (photo and ping squares) and autocorrelation function for 45 fs Gausian pulse at FWHM (black solid line).

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Quality of signal beam after compressor in near field (a) and far field (b).

Metrics