Abstract

The impact of ultra-fast carrier dynamics in semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOAs) on switches based on cross-gain and cross-phase modulation is analyzed theoretically and experimentally. We find that ultra-fast effects lead to additional spectral broadening, which improves the optical signal-to-noise ratio for switches based on an SOA and an optical filter. For such switches, the influence of ultra-fast effects on the so-called nonlinear patterning effect is analyzed for three filter configurations: the asymmetric Mach-Zehnder interferometer (AMZI), a band-pass filter (BPF), and a cascade of an AMZI and a BPF. We conclude that fast carrier dynamics dramatically reduces nonlinear patterning and that the successful high-speed (>100 Gb/s) demonstrations in the literature rely on these effects.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, M. K. Smit, and G. D. Khoe, “Optical signal processing and telecommunication applications,” in OAA Topical Meeting 2005 on CD-ROM, WD1 (2005).
  2. A. Mecozzi and J. MØrk, “Saturation induced by picosecond pulses in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 761 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. MØrk, T. W. Berg, M. L. Nielsen, and A. V. Uskov, “The role of fast carrier dynamics in SOA based devices,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E 87-C, 1126 (2004).
  4. S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, and K. Tajima, “Femtosecond switching with semiconductor-optical-amplifier-based symmetric Mach-Zehnder-type all-optical switch,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3929 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. MØrk and A. Mecozzi, “Theory of the ultrafast optical response of active semiconductor waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1803 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  6. A. Mecozzi and J. MØrk, “Saturation effects in non-degenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1190 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  7. A. K. Mishra, X. Yang, D. Lenstra, G.-D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Wavelength conversion employing 120 fs optical pulses in an SOA-based nonlinear polarization switch,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1180 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  8. M. L. Nielsen and J. MØrk, “Increasing the modulation bandwidth of semiconductor optical amplifier based switches using optical filtering,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 21, 1606 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  9. Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, H. Hatekeyama, T. Tamanuki, T. Sasaki, and K. Tajima, “168 Gb/s OTDM wavelength conversion using an SMZ-type all-optical switch,” in Proceedings of ECOC 2000, Vol. 1,(European Conference on Optical Communications, Munich, Germany, 2000) pp. 13–14.
  10. J. Leuthold, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, C. H. Joyner, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer, and R. Behringer, “All-optical wavelength conversion between 10 and 100 Gb/s with SOA delayed-interference configuration,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 939 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  11. Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “160 Gb/s SOA-based wavelength converter assisted by an optical bandpass filter,” Technical Digest of OFC 2005, PDP 17, Anaheim, CA. (2005).
    [Crossref]
  12. M. L. Nielsen, B. Lavigne, and B. Dagens, “Polarity-preserving wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s using bandpass filtering,” IEE Electron. Lett. 39, 1334 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  13. Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “80 Gb/s wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier and optical bandpass filter,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, 487 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  14. M. L. Nielsen and J. MØrk, “Bandwidth enhancement of SOA-based switching using optical filtering: theory and experiment,” in Proceedings of ECOC 2005, (European Conference on Optical Proceedings, Glasgow, UK2005) paper Tu3.5.7.
  15. M. L. Nielsen, J. MØrk, J. Sakaguchi, R. Suzuki, and Y. Ueno, “Reduction of nonlinear patterning effects in SOA-based all-optical switches using optical filtering,” Technical Digest of OFC 2005, (Anaheim, CA., 2005) paper OThE7.
  16. Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, and K. Tajima, “Nonlinear phase shifts induced by semiconductor optical amplifiers with control pulses at repetition frequencies in the 40-160 GHz range for use in ultrahigh-speed all-optical signal processing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2573 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  17. M. L. Nielsen, J. MØrk, R. Suzuki, J. Sakaguchi, and Y. Ueno, ”Theoretical and experimental study of fundamental differences in the noise suppression of high-speed SOA-based all-optical switches,” Opt. Express 13, 5080 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-13-5080
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. M. L. Nielsen, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) based all-optical switches,” Ph. D. thesis, Research Center COM, Technical University of Denmark (2004).
  19. Y. Ueno, “Theoretically predicted nonlinear phase imbalance for delayed-interference signal-wavelength converters (DISC),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L665 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  20. J. Leuthold, D. M. Maron, S. Cabot, J. J. Jaques, R. Ryf, and C. R. Giles, “All-optical wavelength conversion using a pulse reformatting optical filter,” J. Lightwave Technol..  22, 186 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  21. G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
    [Crossref]
  22. P. Borri, S. Scaffetti, J. MØrk, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, A. Mecozzi, and F. Martelli, “Measurement and calculation of the critical pulsewidth for gain saturation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 164, 51 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  23. A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, D. Pitcher, D. G. Moodie, and R. Kashyap, “Error-free 100 Gb/s wavelength conversion using grating assisted cross-gain modulation,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1958 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  24. T. Akiyama, K. Kawaguchi, M. Ekawa, M. Sugawara, H. Kuwatsuka, H. Sudo, K. Otsubo, S. Okumura, A. Uetake, F. Futami, and S. Watanabe, “Recent progress in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers for optical signal processing,” in OAA Topical Meeting 2005 on CD-ROM, MB1 (2005)

2005 (3)

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, M. K. Smit, and G. D. Khoe, “Optical signal processing and telecommunication applications,” in OAA Topical Meeting 2005 on CD-ROM, WD1 (2005).

M. L. Nielsen, J. MØrk, R. Suzuki, J. Sakaguchi, and Y. Ueno, ”Theoretical and experimental study of fundamental differences in the noise suppression of high-speed SOA-based all-optical switches,” Opt. Express 13, 5080 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-13-5080
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “80 Gb/s wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier and optical bandpass filter,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, 487 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (5)

Y. Ueno, “Theoretically predicted nonlinear phase imbalance for delayed-interference signal-wavelength converters (DISC),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L665 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Leuthold, D. M. Maron, S. Cabot, J. J. Jaques, R. Ryf, and C. R. Giles, “All-optical wavelength conversion using a pulse reformatting optical filter,” J. Lightwave Technol..  22, 186 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. MØrk, T. W. Berg, M. L. Nielsen, and A. V. Uskov, “The role of fast carrier dynamics in SOA based devices,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E 87-C, 1126 (2004).

A. K. Mishra, X. Yang, D. Lenstra, G.-D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Wavelength conversion employing 120 fs optical pulses in an SOA-based nonlinear polarization switch,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1180 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. L. Nielsen and J. MØrk, “Increasing the modulation bandwidth of semiconductor optical amplifier based switches using optical filtering,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 21, 1606 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

M. L. Nielsen, B. Lavigne, and B. Dagens, “Polarity-preserving wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s using bandpass filtering,” IEE Electron. Lett. 39, 1334 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

2001 (2)

J. Leuthold, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, C. H. Joyner, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer, and R. Behringer, “All-optical wavelength conversion between 10 and 100 Gb/s with SOA delayed-interference configuration,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 939 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, and K. Tajima, “Femtosecond switching with semiconductor-optical-amplifier-based symmetric Mach-Zehnder-type all-optical switch,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3929 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

P. Borri, S. Scaffetti, J. MØrk, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, A. Mecozzi, and F. Martelli, “Measurement and calculation of the critical pulsewidth for gain saturation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 164, 51 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, D. Pitcher, D. G. Moodie, and R. Kashyap, “Error-free 100 Gb/s wavelength conversion using grating assisted cross-gain modulation,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1958 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

A. Mecozzi and J. MØrk, “Saturation induced by picosecond pulses in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 761 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. Mecozzi and J. MØrk, “Saturation effects in non-degenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1190 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

J. MØrk and A. Mecozzi, “Theory of the ultrafast optical response of active semiconductor waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1803 (1996).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
[Crossref]

Akiyama, T.

T. Akiyama, K. Kawaguchi, M. Ekawa, M. Sugawara, H. Kuwatsuka, H. Sudo, K. Otsubo, S. Okumura, A. Uetake, F. Futami, and S. Watanabe, “Recent progress in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers for optical signal processing,” in OAA Topical Meeting 2005 on CD-ROM, MB1 (2005)

Behringer, R.

J. Leuthold, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, C. H. Joyner, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer, and R. Behringer, “All-optical wavelength conversion between 10 and 100 Gb/s with SOA delayed-interference configuration,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 939 (2001).
[Crossref]

Berg, T. W.

J. MØrk, T. W. Berg, M. L. Nielsen, and A. V. Uskov, “The role of fast carrier dynamics in SOA based devices,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E 87-C, 1126 (2004).

Borri, P.

P. Borri, S. Scaffetti, J. MØrk, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, A. Mecozzi, and F. Martelli, “Measurement and calculation of the critical pulsewidth for gain saturation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 164, 51 (1999).
[Crossref]

Cabot, S.

Dagens, B.

M. L. Nielsen, B. Lavigne, and B. Dagens, “Polarity-preserving wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s using bandpass filtering,” IEE Electron. Lett. 39, 1334 (2003).
[Crossref]

Dorren, H. J. S.

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “80 Gb/s wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier and optical bandpass filter,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, 487 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, M. K. Smit, and G. D. Khoe, “Optical signal processing and telecommunication applications,” in OAA Topical Meeting 2005 on CD-ROM, WD1 (2005).

A. K. Mishra, X. Yang, D. Lenstra, G.-D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Wavelength conversion employing 120 fs optical pulses in an SOA-based nonlinear polarization switch,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1180 (2004).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “160 Gb/s SOA-based wavelength converter assisted by an optical bandpass filter,” Technical Digest of OFC 2005, PDP 17, Anaheim, CA. (2005).
[Crossref]

Dreyer, K.

J. Leuthold, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, C. H. Joyner, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer, and R. Behringer, “All-optical wavelength conversion between 10 and 100 Gb/s with SOA delayed-interference configuration,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 939 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ekawa, M.

T. Akiyama, K. Kawaguchi, M. Ekawa, M. Sugawara, H. Kuwatsuka, H. Sudo, K. Otsubo, S. Okumura, A. Uetake, F. Futami, and S. Watanabe, “Recent progress in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers for optical signal processing,” in OAA Topical Meeting 2005 on CD-ROM, MB1 (2005)

Ellis, A. D.

A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, D. Pitcher, D. G. Moodie, and R. Kashyap, “Error-free 100 Gb/s wavelength conversion using grating assisted cross-gain modulation,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1958 (1998).
[Crossref]

Futami, F.

T. Akiyama, K. Kawaguchi, M. Ekawa, M. Sugawara, H. Kuwatsuka, H. Sudo, K. Otsubo, S. Okumura, A. Uetake, F. Futami, and S. Watanabe, “Recent progress in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers for optical signal processing,” in OAA Topical Meeting 2005 on CD-ROM, MB1 (2005)

Giles, C. R.

Hatekeyama, H.

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, H. Hatekeyama, T. Tamanuki, T. Sasaki, and K. Tajima, “168 Gb/s OTDM wavelength conversion using an SMZ-type all-optical switch,” in Proceedings of ECOC 2000, Vol. 1,(European Conference on Optical Communications, Munich, Germany, 2000) pp. 13–14.

Hill, M. T.

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, M. K. Smit, and G. D. Khoe, “Optical signal processing and telecommunication applications,” in OAA Topical Meeting 2005 on CD-ROM, WD1 (2005).

Hvam, J. M.

P. Borri, S. Scaffetti, J. MØrk, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, A. Mecozzi, and F. Martelli, “Measurement and calculation of the critical pulsewidth for gain saturation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 164, 51 (1999).
[Crossref]

Jaques, J. J.

Joyner, C. H.

J. Leuthold, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, C. H. Joyner, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer, and R. Behringer, “All-optical wavelength conversion between 10 and 100 Gb/s with SOA delayed-interference configuration,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 939 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kashyap, R.

A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, D. Pitcher, D. G. Moodie, and R. Kashyap, “Error-free 100 Gb/s wavelength conversion using grating assisted cross-gain modulation,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1958 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kawaguchi, K.

T. Akiyama, K. Kawaguchi, M. Ekawa, M. Sugawara, H. Kuwatsuka, H. Sudo, K. Otsubo, S. Okumura, A. Uetake, F. Futami, and S. Watanabe, “Recent progress in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers for optical signal processing,” in OAA Topical Meeting 2005 on CD-ROM, MB1 (2005)

Kelly, A. E.

A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, D. Pitcher, D. G. Moodie, and R. Kashyap, “Error-free 100 Gb/s wavelength conversion using grating assisted cross-gain modulation,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1958 (1998).
[Crossref]

Khoe, G. D.

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, M. K. Smit, and G. D. Khoe, “Optical signal processing and telecommunication applications,” in OAA Topical Meeting 2005 on CD-ROM, WD1 (2005).

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “80 Gb/s wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier and optical bandpass filter,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, 487 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “160 Gb/s SOA-based wavelength converter assisted by an optical bandpass filter,” Technical Digest of OFC 2005, PDP 17, Anaheim, CA. (2005).
[Crossref]

Khoe, G.-D.

A. K. Mishra, X. Yang, D. Lenstra, G.-D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Wavelength conversion employing 120 fs optical pulses in an SOA-based nonlinear polarization switch,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1180 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kuwatsuka, H.

T. Akiyama, K. Kawaguchi, M. Ekawa, M. Sugawara, H. Kuwatsuka, H. Sudo, K. Otsubo, S. Okumura, A. Uetake, F. Futami, and S. Watanabe, “Recent progress in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers for optical signal processing,” in OAA Topical Meeting 2005 on CD-ROM, MB1 (2005)

Langbein, W.

P. Borri, S. Scaffetti, J. MØrk, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, A. Mecozzi, and F. Martelli, “Measurement and calculation of the critical pulsewidth for gain saturation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 164, 51 (1999).
[Crossref]

Lavigne, B.

M. L. Nielsen, B. Lavigne, and B. Dagens, “Polarity-preserving wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s using bandpass filtering,” IEE Electron. Lett. 39, 1334 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lenstra, D.

A. K. Mishra, X. Yang, D. Lenstra, G.-D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Wavelength conversion employing 120 fs optical pulses in an SOA-based nonlinear polarization switch,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1180 (2004).
[Crossref]

Leuthold, J.

J. Leuthold, D. M. Maron, S. Cabot, J. J. Jaques, R. Ryf, and C. R. Giles, “All-optical wavelength conversion using a pulse reformatting optical filter,” J. Lightwave Technol..  22, 186 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Leuthold, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, C. H. Joyner, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer, and R. Behringer, “All-optical wavelength conversion between 10 and 100 Gb/s with SOA delayed-interference configuration,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 939 (2001).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “80 Gb/s wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier and optical bandpass filter,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, 487 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “160 Gb/s SOA-based wavelength converter assisted by an optical bandpass filter,” Technical Digest of OFC 2005, PDP 17, Anaheim, CA. (2005).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “80 Gb/s wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier and optical bandpass filter,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, 487 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, M. K. Smit, and G. D. Khoe, “Optical signal processing and telecommunication applications,” in OAA Topical Meeting 2005 on CD-ROM, WD1 (2005).

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “160 Gb/s SOA-based wavelength converter assisted by an optical bandpass filter,” Technical Digest of OFC 2005, PDP 17, Anaheim, CA. (2005).
[Crossref]

Maron, D. M.

Martelli, F.

P. Borri, S. Scaffetti, J. MØrk, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, A. Mecozzi, and F. Martelli, “Measurement and calculation of the critical pulsewidth for gain saturation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 164, 51 (1999).
[Crossref]

Mecozzi, A.

P. Borri, S. Scaffetti, J. MØrk, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, A. Mecozzi, and F. Martelli, “Measurement and calculation of the critical pulsewidth for gain saturation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 164, 51 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. Mecozzi and J. MØrk, “Saturation induced by picosecond pulses in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 761 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. Mecozzi and J. MØrk, “Saturation effects in non-degenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1190 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. MØrk and A. Mecozzi, “Theory of the ultrafast optical response of active semiconductor waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1803 (1996).
[Crossref]

Mikkelsen, B.

J. Leuthold, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, C. H. Joyner, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer, and R. Behringer, “All-optical wavelength conversion between 10 and 100 Gb/s with SOA delayed-interference configuration,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 939 (2001).
[Crossref]

Miller, B. I.

J. Leuthold, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, C. H. Joyner, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer, and R. Behringer, “All-optical wavelength conversion between 10 and 100 Gb/s with SOA delayed-interference configuration,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 939 (2001).
[Crossref]

Mishra, A. K.

A. K. Mishra, X. Yang, D. Lenstra, G.-D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Wavelength conversion employing 120 fs optical pulses in an SOA-based nonlinear polarization switch,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1180 (2004).
[Crossref]

Moodie, D. G.

A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, D. Pitcher, D. G. Moodie, and R. Kashyap, “Error-free 100 Gb/s wavelength conversion using grating assisted cross-gain modulation,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1958 (1998).
[Crossref]

MØrk, J.

M. L. Nielsen, J. MØrk, R. Suzuki, J. Sakaguchi, and Y. Ueno, ”Theoretical and experimental study of fundamental differences in the noise suppression of high-speed SOA-based all-optical switches,” Opt. Express 13, 5080 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-13-5080
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. MØrk, T. W. Berg, M. L. Nielsen, and A. V. Uskov, “The role of fast carrier dynamics in SOA based devices,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E 87-C, 1126 (2004).

M. L. Nielsen and J. MØrk, “Increasing the modulation bandwidth of semiconductor optical amplifier based switches using optical filtering,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 21, 1606 (2004).
[Crossref]

P. Borri, S. Scaffetti, J. MØrk, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, A. Mecozzi, and F. Martelli, “Measurement and calculation of the critical pulsewidth for gain saturation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 164, 51 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. Mecozzi and J. MØrk, “Saturation effects in non-degenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1190 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. Mecozzi and J. MØrk, “Saturation induced by picosecond pulses in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 761 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. MØrk and A. Mecozzi, “Theory of the ultrafast optical response of active semiconductor waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 1803 (1996).
[Crossref]

M. L. Nielsen, J. MØrk, J. Sakaguchi, R. Suzuki, and Y. Ueno, “Reduction of nonlinear patterning effects in SOA-based all-optical switches using optical filtering,” Technical Digest of OFC 2005, (Anaheim, CA., 2005) paper OThE7.

M. L. Nielsen and J. MØrk, “Bandwidth enhancement of SOA-based switching using optical filtering: theory and experiment,” in Proceedings of ECOC 2005, (European Conference on Optical Proceedings, Glasgow, UK2005) paper Tu3.5.7.

Nakamura, S.

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, and K. Tajima, “Nonlinear phase shifts induced by semiconductor optical amplifiers with control pulses at repetition frequencies in the 40-160 GHz range for use in ultrahigh-speed all-optical signal processing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2573 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, and K. Tajima, “Femtosecond switching with semiconductor-optical-amplifier-based symmetric Mach-Zehnder-type all-optical switch,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3929 (2001).
[Crossref]

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, H. Hatekeyama, T. Tamanuki, T. Sasaki, and K. Tajima, “168 Gb/s OTDM wavelength conversion using an SMZ-type all-optical switch,” in Proceedings of ECOC 2000, Vol. 1,(European Conference on Optical Communications, Munich, Germany, 2000) pp. 13–14.

Nesset, D.

A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, D. Pitcher, D. G. Moodie, and R. Kashyap, “Error-free 100 Gb/s wavelength conversion using grating assisted cross-gain modulation,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1958 (1998).
[Crossref]

Nielsen, M. L.

M. L. Nielsen, J. MØrk, R. Suzuki, J. Sakaguchi, and Y. Ueno, ”Theoretical and experimental study of fundamental differences in the noise suppression of high-speed SOA-based all-optical switches,” Opt. Express 13, 5080 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-13-5080
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. MØrk, T. W. Berg, M. L. Nielsen, and A. V. Uskov, “The role of fast carrier dynamics in SOA based devices,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E 87-C, 1126 (2004).

M. L. Nielsen and J. MØrk, “Increasing the modulation bandwidth of semiconductor optical amplifier based switches using optical filtering,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 21, 1606 (2004).
[Crossref]

M. L. Nielsen, B. Lavigne, and B. Dagens, “Polarity-preserving wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s using bandpass filtering,” IEE Electron. Lett. 39, 1334 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. L. Nielsen, J. MØrk, J. Sakaguchi, R. Suzuki, and Y. Ueno, “Reduction of nonlinear patterning effects in SOA-based all-optical switches using optical filtering,” Technical Digest of OFC 2005, (Anaheim, CA., 2005) paper OThE7.

M. L. Nielsen and J. MØrk, “Bandwidth enhancement of SOA-based switching using optical filtering: theory and experiment,” in Proceedings of ECOC 2005, (European Conference on Optical Proceedings, Glasgow, UK2005) paper Tu3.5.7.

M. L. Nielsen, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) based all-optical switches,” Ph. D. thesis, Research Center COM, Technical University of Denmark (2004).

Okumura, S.

T. Akiyama, K. Kawaguchi, M. Ekawa, M. Sugawara, H. Kuwatsuka, H. Sudo, K. Otsubo, S. Okumura, A. Uetake, F. Futami, and S. Watanabe, “Recent progress in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers for optical signal processing,” in OAA Topical Meeting 2005 on CD-ROM, MB1 (2005)

Olsson, N. A.

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
[Crossref]

Otsubo, K.

T. Akiyama, K. Kawaguchi, M. Ekawa, M. Sugawara, H. Kuwatsuka, H. Sudo, K. Otsubo, S. Okumura, A. Uetake, F. Futami, and S. Watanabe, “Recent progress in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers for optical signal processing,” in OAA Topical Meeting 2005 on CD-ROM, MB1 (2005)

Pitcher, D.

A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, D. Pitcher, D. G. Moodie, and R. Kashyap, “Error-free 100 Gb/s wavelength conversion using grating assisted cross-gain modulation,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1958 (1998).
[Crossref]

Pleumeekers, J. L.

J. Leuthold, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, C. H. Joyner, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer, and R. Behringer, “All-optical wavelength conversion between 10 and 100 Gb/s with SOA delayed-interference configuration,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 939 (2001).
[Crossref]

Raybon, G.

J. Leuthold, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, C. H. Joyner, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer, and R. Behringer, “All-optical wavelength conversion between 10 and 100 Gb/s with SOA delayed-interference configuration,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 939 (2001).
[Crossref]

Ryf, R.

Sakaguchi, J.

M. L. Nielsen, J. MØrk, R. Suzuki, J. Sakaguchi, and Y. Ueno, ”Theoretical and experimental study of fundamental differences in the noise suppression of high-speed SOA-based all-optical switches,” Opt. Express 13, 5080 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-13-5080
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. L. Nielsen, J. MØrk, J. Sakaguchi, R. Suzuki, and Y. Ueno, “Reduction of nonlinear patterning effects in SOA-based all-optical switches using optical filtering,” Technical Digest of OFC 2005, (Anaheim, CA., 2005) paper OThE7.

Sasaki, T.

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, H. Hatekeyama, T. Tamanuki, T. Sasaki, and K. Tajima, “168 Gb/s OTDM wavelength conversion using an SMZ-type all-optical switch,” in Proceedings of ECOC 2000, Vol. 1,(European Conference on Optical Communications, Munich, Germany, 2000) pp. 13–14.

Scaffetti, S.

P. Borri, S. Scaffetti, J. MØrk, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, A. Mecozzi, and F. Martelli, “Measurement and calculation of the critical pulsewidth for gain saturation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 164, 51 (1999).
[Crossref]

Smit, M. K.

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, M. K. Smit, and G. D. Khoe, “Optical signal processing and telecommunication applications,” in OAA Topical Meeting 2005 on CD-ROM, WD1 (2005).

Sudo, H.

T. Akiyama, K. Kawaguchi, M. Ekawa, M. Sugawara, H. Kuwatsuka, H. Sudo, K. Otsubo, S. Okumura, A. Uetake, F. Futami, and S. Watanabe, “Recent progress in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers for optical signal processing,” in OAA Topical Meeting 2005 on CD-ROM, MB1 (2005)

Sugawara, M.

T. Akiyama, K. Kawaguchi, M. Ekawa, M. Sugawara, H. Kuwatsuka, H. Sudo, K. Otsubo, S. Okumura, A. Uetake, F. Futami, and S. Watanabe, “Recent progress in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers for optical signal processing,” in OAA Topical Meeting 2005 on CD-ROM, MB1 (2005)

Suzuki, R.

M. L. Nielsen, J. MØrk, R. Suzuki, J. Sakaguchi, and Y. Ueno, ”Theoretical and experimental study of fundamental differences in the noise suppression of high-speed SOA-based all-optical switches,” Opt. Express 13, 5080 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-13-5080
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. L. Nielsen, J. MØrk, J. Sakaguchi, R. Suzuki, and Y. Ueno, “Reduction of nonlinear patterning effects in SOA-based all-optical switches using optical filtering,” Technical Digest of OFC 2005, (Anaheim, CA., 2005) paper OThE7.

Tajima, K.

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, and K. Tajima, “Nonlinear phase shifts induced by semiconductor optical amplifiers with control pulses at repetition frequencies in the 40-160 GHz range for use in ultrahigh-speed all-optical signal processing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2573 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, and K. Tajima, “Femtosecond switching with semiconductor-optical-amplifier-based symmetric Mach-Zehnder-type all-optical switch,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3929 (2001).
[Crossref]

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, H. Hatekeyama, T. Tamanuki, T. Sasaki, and K. Tajima, “168 Gb/s OTDM wavelength conversion using an SMZ-type all-optical switch,” in Proceedings of ECOC 2000, Vol. 1,(European Conference on Optical Communications, Munich, Germany, 2000) pp. 13–14.

Tamanuki, T.

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, H. Hatekeyama, T. Tamanuki, T. Sasaki, and K. Tajima, “168 Gb/s OTDM wavelength conversion using an SMZ-type all-optical switch,” in Proceedings of ECOC 2000, Vol. 1,(European Conference on Optical Communications, Munich, Germany, 2000) pp. 13–14.

Tangdiongga, E.

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, M. K. Smit, and G. D. Khoe, “Optical signal processing and telecommunication applications,” in OAA Topical Meeting 2005 on CD-ROM, WD1 (2005).

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “80 Gb/s wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier and optical bandpass filter,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, 487 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “160 Gb/s SOA-based wavelength converter assisted by an optical bandpass filter,” Technical Digest of OFC 2005, PDP 17, Anaheim, CA. (2005).
[Crossref]

Ueno, Y.

M. L. Nielsen, J. MØrk, R. Suzuki, J. Sakaguchi, and Y. Ueno, ”Theoretical and experimental study of fundamental differences in the noise suppression of high-speed SOA-based all-optical switches,” Opt. Express 13, 5080 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-13-5080
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Ueno, “Theoretically predicted nonlinear phase imbalance for delayed-interference signal-wavelength converters (DISC),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L665 (2004).
[Crossref]

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, and K. Tajima, “Nonlinear phase shifts induced by semiconductor optical amplifiers with control pulses at repetition frequencies in the 40-160 GHz range for use in ultrahigh-speed all-optical signal processing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2573 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, and K. Tajima, “Femtosecond switching with semiconductor-optical-amplifier-based symmetric Mach-Zehnder-type all-optical switch,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3929 (2001).
[Crossref]

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, H. Hatekeyama, T. Tamanuki, T. Sasaki, and K. Tajima, “168 Gb/s OTDM wavelength conversion using an SMZ-type all-optical switch,” in Proceedings of ECOC 2000, Vol. 1,(European Conference on Optical Communications, Munich, Germany, 2000) pp. 13–14.

M. L. Nielsen, J. MØrk, J. Sakaguchi, R. Suzuki, and Y. Ueno, “Reduction of nonlinear patterning effects in SOA-based all-optical switches using optical filtering,” Technical Digest of OFC 2005, (Anaheim, CA., 2005) paper OThE7.

Uetake, A.

T. Akiyama, K. Kawaguchi, M. Ekawa, M. Sugawara, H. Kuwatsuka, H. Sudo, K. Otsubo, S. Okumura, A. Uetake, F. Futami, and S. Watanabe, “Recent progress in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers for optical signal processing,” in OAA Topical Meeting 2005 on CD-ROM, MB1 (2005)

Uskov, A. V.

J. MØrk, T. W. Berg, M. L. Nielsen, and A. V. Uskov, “The role of fast carrier dynamics in SOA based devices,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E 87-C, 1126 (2004).

Waardt, H. de

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “80 Gb/s wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier and optical bandpass filter,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, 487 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “160 Gb/s SOA-based wavelength converter assisted by an optical bandpass filter,” Technical Digest of OFC 2005, PDP 17, Anaheim, CA. (2005).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, S.

T. Akiyama, K. Kawaguchi, M. Ekawa, M. Sugawara, H. Kuwatsuka, H. Sudo, K. Otsubo, S. Okumura, A. Uetake, F. Futami, and S. Watanabe, “Recent progress in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers for optical signal processing,” in OAA Topical Meeting 2005 on CD-ROM, MB1 (2005)

Yang, X.

A. K. Mishra, X. Yang, D. Lenstra, G.-D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Wavelength conversion employing 120 fs optical pulses in an SOA-based nonlinear polarization switch,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1180 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “80 Gb/s wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier and optical bandpass filter,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, 487 (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “160 Gb/s SOA-based wavelength converter assisted by an optical bandpass filter,” Technical Digest of OFC 2005, PDP 17, Anaheim, CA. (2005).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Nakamura, Y. Ueno, and K. Tajima, “Femtosecond switching with semiconductor-optical-amplifier-based symmetric Mach-Zehnder-type all-optical switch,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3929 (2001).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

A. D. Ellis, A. E. Kelly, D. Nesset, D. Pitcher, D. G. Moodie, and R. Kashyap, “Error-free 100 Gb/s wavelength conversion using grating assisted cross-gain modulation,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1958 (1998).
[Crossref]

IEE Electron. Lett. (2)

M. L. Nielsen, B. Lavigne, and B. Dagens, “Polarity-preserving wavelength conversion at 40 Gb/s using bandpass filtering,” IEE Electron. Lett. 39, 1334 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “80 Gb/s wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier and optical bandpass filter,” IEE Electron. Lett. 41, 487 (2005).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

A. Mecozzi and J. MØrk, “Saturation effects in non-degenerate four-wave mixing between short optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3, 1190 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. K. Mishra, X. Yang, D. Lenstra, G.-D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Wavelength conversion employing 120 fs optical pulses in an SOA-based nonlinear polarization switch,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 1180 (2004).
[Crossref]

IEICE Trans. Electron. E (1)

J. MØrk, T. W. Berg, M. L. Nielsen, and A. V. Uskov, “The role of fast carrier dynamics in SOA based devices,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E 87-C, 1126 (2004).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. (1)

M. L. Nielsen and J. MØrk, “Increasing the modulation bandwidth of semiconductor optical amplifier based switches using optical filtering,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 21, 1606 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2297 (1989).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Ueno, “Theoretically predicted nonlinear phase imbalance for delayed-interference signal-wavelength converters (DISC),” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, L665 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. Borri, S. Scaffetti, J. MØrk, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, A. Mecozzi, and F. Martelli, “Measurement and calculation of the critical pulsewidth for gain saturation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 164, 51 (1999).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Leuthold, B. Mikkelsen, G. Raybon, C. H. Joyner, J. L. Pleumeekers, B. I. Miller, K. Dreyer, and R. Behringer, “All-optical wavelength conversion between 10 and 100 Gb/s with SOA delayed-interference configuration,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 939 (2001).
[Crossref]

Other (7)

Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, Z. Li, S. Zhang, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, “160 Gb/s SOA-based wavelength converter assisted by an optical bandpass filter,” Technical Digest of OFC 2005, PDP 17, Anaheim, CA. (2005).
[Crossref]

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, H. Hatekeyama, T. Tamanuki, T. Sasaki, and K. Tajima, “168 Gb/s OTDM wavelength conversion using an SMZ-type all-optical switch,” in Proceedings of ECOC 2000, Vol. 1,(European Conference on Optical Communications, Munich, Germany, 2000) pp. 13–14.

M. L. Nielsen and J. MØrk, “Bandwidth enhancement of SOA-based switching using optical filtering: theory and experiment,” in Proceedings of ECOC 2005, (European Conference on Optical Proceedings, Glasgow, UK2005) paper Tu3.5.7.

M. L. Nielsen, J. MØrk, J. Sakaguchi, R. Suzuki, and Y. Ueno, “Reduction of nonlinear patterning effects in SOA-based all-optical switches using optical filtering,” Technical Digest of OFC 2005, (Anaheim, CA., 2005) paper OThE7.

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, E. Tangdiongga, M. K. Smit, and G. D. Khoe, “Optical signal processing and telecommunication applications,” in OAA Topical Meeting 2005 on CD-ROM, WD1 (2005).

M. L. Nielsen, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) based all-optical switches,” Ph. D. thesis, Research Center COM, Technical University of Denmark (2004).

T. Akiyama, K. Kawaguchi, M. Ekawa, M. Sugawara, H. Kuwatsuka, H. Sudo, K. Otsubo, S. Okumura, A. Uetake, F. Futami, and S. Watanabe, “Recent progress in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers for optical signal processing,” in OAA Topical Meeting 2005 on CD-ROM, MB1 (2005)

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of all-optical switch based on a single SOA and an optical filter. HL (ω) is the filter’s field transfer function.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experimental 105 Gb/s XGM traces for (a) τp = 1.8 ps and (b) τp = 8.0 ps. Simulated traces incl. (solid) and excl. (dashed) ultra-fast dynamics for (c) τp = 1.8 and (d) τp = 8.0.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Calculated probe phase shift, induced by a 42 GHz pulse train, vs. the ratio ∣E 12/∣E 02 including ultra-fast dynamics, ΔΦ (white circles), excluding ultra-fast dynamics, ΔΦ lin (black triangles), and the analytical result from Eq. (10). (b) Probe phase response vs. time, including (solid curve) and excluding (dashed) ultra-fast effects. Triangular response assumed in Eq. (10) shown in short-dashed line.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Comparison of normalized probe power spectra for 42 GHz input pulse train: Experimental (solid curve), simulations including (black triangles) and excluding (white squares) ultra-fast effects. (b) Ratio power in first, third, and fifth blue 42 GHz harmonic to the power in the carrier peak vs. input pulse energy. Experimental (black symbols), simulations including (solid curves) and excluding (dashed curves) ultra-fast effects.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Simulation of (a) SOA gain and (b) probe phase for input control signal “1111000000” with pulse energy of 20 fJ. (c) Corresponding DISC output incl. definition of NLP, and (d) normalized DISC output for AMZI parameters (τ, Φ0) = (2ps,0.988π). Solid curves (dashed curves) correspond to inclusion (exclusion) of ultra-fast effects

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Normalized switched output for input control signal “1111000000” with pulse energy of 17 fJ (dotted), 53 fJ (dashed), and 133 fJ (solid). Simulation (a) excluding and (b) including ultra-fast dynamics, compared to the experimental results in (c).

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Nonlinear patterning at DISC output vs. input pulse energy. Experimental (black dots), simulation including (solid) and excluding (dashed) ultra-fast effects. Simulation for unrealistically large εCH = 7.5·10-23 m 3 is shown in dotted curve.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Switched waveforms for SOA + detuned 0.9 nm wide BPF, using input control signal “1111000000” with pulse energy of 133 fJ. Filter detuning is 0, -0.7 nm, -1.3 nm, and -1.5 nm from top row to bottom row. First (second) column shows simulated waveforms excluding (including) ultra-fast effects, and third column shows corresponding experimental results.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

(a) Simulated nonlinear patterning (left axis) and switched average power (right axis) vs. detuning of 0.9 nm wide BPF after SOA, for input control signal “1111000000” with pulse energy of 133 fJ. Solid (dashed) curves correspond to including (excluding) ultra-fast effects. Black dots indicate experimental nonlinear patterning. (b) Waveform at the output of AMZI + 2 BPF cascade. The effective FWHM bandwidth and detuning of the 2 BPFs are 2.4 nm and -1.0 nm, respectively.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Simulation parameters

Equations (14)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d S k dz = Γ a ( N N tr ) 1 + ε ( S cntr + S probe ) S k
dN dt = I eV N τ sp ν g a ( N N tr ) 1 + ε ( S cntr + S probe ) ( S cntr + S probe )
dN dt = N N 0 τ e ν g a ( N N tr ) 1 + ε S cntr S cntr
d g m t z dt = 1 1 + ε exp [ g m t z ] S t 0
× [ { exp [ g m t z ] 1 } ( ν g a + ε d dt ) S t 0 1 τ e [ g m t z g m 0 ( z ) ]
+ ε { exp [ g m t z ] 1 } S t 0 ]
Φ t z = Φ N t z + Φ CH t z
= 1 2 α N [ g m , lin t z g m , 0 ( z ) ]
+ 1 2 α CH ε CH { exp [ g m t z ] 1 } S pulse t 0
E probe t L = G t L ξ S probe ( 0 ) exp [ t L ]
E F ( t ) = F 1 { H F ( ω ) F [ E probe t L ] }
H AMZ ( ω ) = ½ [ 1 + exp [ j ( ωτ + Φ 0 ) ] ]
H gauss ( ω ) = exp [ 2 ln ( 2 ) ( ω Δ ω Δ ω 3 dB ) 2 ]
E n 2 = 4 ( 2 Δ Φ lin ) 2 sin 2 2 n π Δ Φ lin 2

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