Abstract

Infrared to ultraviolet and visible upconversion luminescence was demonstrated in trivalent cerium doped YAlO3 crystal (Ce3+: YAP) under focused infrared femtosecond laser irradiation. The fluorescence spectra show that the upconverted luminescence comes from the 5d-4f transitions of trivalent cerium ions. The dependence of luminescence intensity of trivalent cerium on infrared pumping power reveals that the conversion of infrared radiation is dominated by three-photon excitation process. It is suggested that the simultaneous absorption of three infrared photons pumps the Ce3+ ion into upper 5d level, which quickly nonradiatively relax to lowest 5d level. Thereafter, the ions radiatively return to the ground states, leading to the characteristic emission of Ce3+.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. S. He, P. P. Markowicz, T. C. Lin, and P. N. Prasad, “Observation of stimulated emission by direct three-photon excitation,” Nature. 415, 767–770 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. J. S. Marchant, G. E. Stutzmann, M. A. Leissring, F. M. LaFerla, and I. Parker, “Multiphoton-evoked color change of DsRed as an optical highlighter for cellular and subcellular labeling,” Nature Biotechnology. 19, 645–649 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. K. Svoboda, W. Denk, D. Kleinfeld, and D.W. Tank, “In vivo dendritic calcium dynamics in neocortical pyramidal neurons,” Nature. 385, 161–165 (1997).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. G. S. He, J.M. Dai, T.C. Lin, P. P. Markowicz, and P. N. Prasad, “Ultrashort 1.5-μm laser excited upconverted stimulated emission based on simultaneous three-photon absorption,” Opt Lett. 28, 719–721 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. S. Kawata, H. B. Sun, T. Tanaka, and K. Takada, “Finer features for functional microdevices,” Nature. 412, 697–698 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. H. You and M. Nogami, “Three-photon-excited fluorescence of Al2O3-SiO2 glass containing Eu3+ ions by femtosecond laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2076–78 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  7. J. Qiu, P. G. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, “Memorized polarization-dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass,”Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940–42 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  8. P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199–2202 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. S. Chivian, W. E. Case, and D. D. Eden, “The photon avalanche: A new phenomenon in Pr3+ -based infrared quantum counters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 124–125 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  10. N. Bloembergen, “Solid State Infrared Quantum Counters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 2, 84–85 (1959).
    [Crossref]
  11. F. E. Auzel, “Upconversion and Anti-Stokes Processes with f and d Ions in Solids,” Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.)  104, 139–174 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. L.Y. Yang, Y. J. Dong, D. P. Chen, C. Wang, N. Da, X. W. Jiang, C. S. Zhu, and J. R. Qiu, “Upconversion luminescence from 2E state of Cr3+ in Al2O3 crystal by infrared femtosecond laser irradiation,” Opt. Express. 13, 7893–98 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?id=85711
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. M. J. Weber, “Inorganic scintillators: today and tomorrow,” J. Luminescence. 100, 35–44 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  14. S. Baccaro, K. Blazek, F. de Notaristefani, P. Maly, J. A. Mares, R. Pani, R. Pellegrini, and A. Soluri, “Scintillation properties of YAP:Ce,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A361, 209–215 (1995).
  15. R. Autrata, P. Schauer, Ji. Kvapil, and Jos. Kvapil, “Cathodoluminescence efficiency of Y3Al5O12 and YAlO3 single crystal in dependence on Ce3+ and other dopants concentrations,”Cryst. Res. Technol. 18, 907 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  16. R. Autrata, P. Schauer, Ji. Kvapil, and Jos. Kvapil, “A Single crystal of YAlO3:Ce3+ as a fast scintillator in SEM,” Scanning,  5, 91–96 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  17. G. J. Zhao, X. H. Zeng, S. M. Zhou, J. Xu, Y. L. Tian, and W. X. Huang, “Growth defects in czochraiski-grown Ce: YAlO3 scintillation crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi. A199, 186–191 (2003).
  18. R. P. Chin, Y. R. Shen, and V. Petrova-koch, “Photoluminescence from Porous Silicon by Infrared Multiphoton Excitation,” Science. 270, 776–778 (1995).
    [Crossref]

2005 (1)

L.Y. Yang, Y. J. Dong, D. P. Chen, C. Wang, N. Da, X. W. Jiang, C. S. Zhu, and J. R. Qiu, “Upconversion luminescence from 2E state of Cr3+ in Al2O3 crystal by infrared femtosecond laser irradiation,” Opt. Express. 13, 7893–98 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?id=85711
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

F. E. Auzel, “Upconversion and Anti-Stokes Processes with f and d Ions in Solids,” Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.)  104, 139–174 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. You and M. Nogami, “Three-photon-excited fluorescence of Al2O3-SiO2 glass containing Eu3+ ions by femtosecond laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2076–78 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

G. S. He, J.M. Dai, T.C. Lin, P. P. Markowicz, and P. N. Prasad, “Ultrashort 1.5-μm laser excited upconverted stimulated emission based on simultaneous three-photon absorption,” Opt Lett. 28, 719–721 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. J. Zhao, X. H. Zeng, S. M. Zhou, J. Xu, Y. L. Tian, and W. X. Huang, “Growth defects in czochraiski-grown Ce: YAlO3 scintillation crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi. A199, 186–191 (2003).

2002 (2)

M. J. Weber, “Inorganic scintillators: today and tomorrow,” J. Luminescence. 100, 35–44 (2002).
[Crossref]

G. S. He, P. P. Markowicz, T. C. Lin, and P. N. Prasad, “Observation of stimulated emission by direct three-photon excitation,” Nature. 415, 767–770 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

J. S. Marchant, G. E. Stutzmann, M. A. Leissring, F. M. LaFerla, and I. Parker, “Multiphoton-evoked color change of DsRed as an optical highlighter for cellular and subcellular labeling,” Nature Biotechnology. 19, 645–649 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Kawata, H. B. Sun, T. Tanaka, and K. Takada, “Finer features for functional microdevices,” Nature. 412, 697–698 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

J. Qiu, P. G. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, “Memorized polarization-dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass,”Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940–42 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199–2202 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

K. Svoboda, W. Denk, D. Kleinfeld, and D.W. Tank, “In vivo dendritic calcium dynamics in neocortical pyramidal neurons,” Nature. 385, 161–165 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (2)

S. Baccaro, K. Blazek, F. de Notaristefani, P. Maly, J. A. Mares, R. Pani, R. Pellegrini, and A. Soluri, “Scintillation properties of YAP:Ce,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A361, 209–215 (1995).

R. P. Chin, Y. R. Shen, and V. Petrova-koch, “Photoluminescence from Porous Silicon by Infrared Multiphoton Excitation,” Science. 270, 776–778 (1995).
[Crossref]

1983 (2)

R. Autrata, P. Schauer, Ji. Kvapil, and Jos. Kvapil, “Cathodoluminescence efficiency of Y3Al5O12 and YAlO3 single crystal in dependence on Ce3+ and other dopants concentrations,”Cryst. Res. Technol. 18, 907 (1983).
[Crossref]

R. Autrata, P. Schauer, Ji. Kvapil, and Jos. Kvapil, “A Single crystal of YAlO3:Ce3+ as a fast scintillator in SEM,” Scanning,  5, 91–96 (1983).
[Crossref]

1979 (1)

J. S. Chivian, W. E. Case, and D. D. Eden, “The photon avalanche: A new phenomenon in Pr3+ -based infrared quantum counters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 124–125 (1979).
[Crossref]

1959 (1)

N. Bloembergen, “Solid State Infrared Quantum Counters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 2, 84–85 (1959).
[Crossref]

Autrata, R.

R. Autrata, P. Schauer, Ji. Kvapil, and Jos. Kvapil, “Cathodoluminescence efficiency of Y3Al5O12 and YAlO3 single crystal in dependence on Ce3+ and other dopants concentrations,”Cryst. Res. Technol. 18, 907 (1983).
[Crossref]

R. Autrata, P. Schauer, Ji. Kvapil, and Jos. Kvapil, “A Single crystal of YAlO3:Ce3+ as a fast scintillator in SEM,” Scanning,  5, 91–96 (1983).
[Crossref]

Auzel, F. E.

F. E. Auzel, “Upconversion and Anti-Stokes Processes with f and d Ions in Solids,” Chem. Rev. (Washington, D.C.)  104, 139–174 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baccaro, S.

S. Baccaro, K. Blazek, F. de Notaristefani, P. Maly, J. A. Mares, R. Pani, R. Pellegrini, and A. Soluri, “Scintillation properties of YAP:Ce,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A361, 209–215 (1995).

Blazek, K.

S. Baccaro, K. Blazek, F. de Notaristefani, P. Maly, J. A. Mares, R. Pani, R. Pellegrini, and A. Soluri, “Scintillation properties of YAP:Ce,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A361, 209–215 (1995).

Bloembergen, N.

N. Bloembergen, “Solid State Infrared Quantum Counters,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 2, 84–85 (1959).
[Crossref]

Case, W. E.

J. S. Chivian, W. E. Case, and D. D. Eden, “The photon avalanche: A new phenomenon in Pr3+ -based infrared quantum counters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 124–125 (1979).
[Crossref]

Chen, D. P.

L.Y. Yang, Y. J. Dong, D. P. Chen, C. Wang, N. Da, X. W. Jiang, C. S. Zhu, and J. R. Qiu, “Upconversion luminescence from 2E state of Cr3+ in Al2O3 crystal by infrared femtosecond laser irradiation,” Opt. Express. 13, 7893–98 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?id=85711
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chin, R. P.

R. P. Chin, Y. R. Shen, and V. Petrova-koch, “Photoluminescence from Porous Silicon by Infrared Multiphoton Excitation,” Science. 270, 776–778 (1995).
[Crossref]

Chivian, J. S.

J. S. Chivian, W. E. Case, and D. D. Eden, “The photon avalanche: A new phenomenon in Pr3+ -based infrared quantum counters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 124–125 (1979).
[Crossref]

Da, N.

L.Y. Yang, Y. J. Dong, D. P. Chen, C. Wang, N. Da, X. W. Jiang, C. S. Zhu, and J. R. Qiu, “Upconversion luminescence from 2E state of Cr3+ in Al2O3 crystal by infrared femtosecond laser irradiation,” Opt. Express. 13, 7893–98 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?id=85711
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dai, J.M.

G. S. He, J.M. Dai, T.C. Lin, P. P. Markowicz, and P. N. Prasad, “Ultrashort 1.5-μm laser excited upconverted stimulated emission based on simultaneous three-photon absorption,” Opt Lett. 28, 719–721 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Notaristefani, F.

S. Baccaro, K. Blazek, F. de Notaristefani, P. Maly, J. A. Mares, R. Pani, R. Pellegrini, and A. Soluri, “Scintillation properties of YAP:Ce,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A361, 209–215 (1995).

Denk, W.

K. Svoboda, W. Denk, D. Kleinfeld, and D.W. Tank, “In vivo dendritic calcium dynamics in neocortical pyramidal neurons,” Nature. 385, 161–165 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dong, Y. J.

L.Y. Yang, Y. J. Dong, D. P. Chen, C. Wang, N. Da, X. W. Jiang, C. S. Zhu, and J. R. Qiu, “Upconversion luminescence from 2E state of Cr3+ in Al2O3 crystal by infrared femtosecond laser irradiation,” Opt. Express. 13, 7893–98 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?id=85711
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eden, D. D.

J. S. Chivian, W. E. Case, and D. D. Eden, “The photon avalanche: A new phenomenon in Pr3+ -based infrared quantum counters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 124–125 (1979).
[Crossref]

Gaeta, A. L.

J. Qiu, P. G. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, “Memorized polarization-dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass,”Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940–42 (2000).
[Crossref]

He, G. S.

G. S. He, J.M. Dai, T.C. Lin, P. P. Markowicz, and P. N. Prasad, “Ultrashort 1.5-μm laser excited upconverted stimulated emission based on simultaneous three-photon absorption,” Opt Lett. 28, 719–721 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. S. He, P. P. Markowicz, T. C. Lin, and P. N. Prasad, “Observation of stimulated emission by direct three-photon excitation,” Nature. 415, 767–770 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hirao, K.

J. Qiu, P. G. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, “Memorized polarization-dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass,”Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940–42 (2000).
[Crossref]

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199–2202 (1999).
[Crossref]

Huang, W. X.

G. J. Zhao, X. H. Zeng, S. M. Zhou, J. Xu, Y. L. Tian, and W. X. Huang, “Growth defects in czochraiski-grown Ce: YAlO3 scintillation crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi. A199, 186–191 (2003).

Inouye, H.

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199–2202 (1999).
[Crossref]

Jiang, X. W.

L.Y. Yang, Y. J. Dong, D. P. Chen, C. Wang, N. Da, X. W. Jiang, C. S. Zhu, and J. R. Qiu, “Upconversion luminescence from 2E state of Cr3+ in Al2O3 crystal by infrared femtosecond laser irradiation,” Opt. Express. 13, 7893–98 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?id=85711
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kawata, S.

S. Kawata, H. B. Sun, T. Tanaka, and K. Takada, “Finer features for functional microdevices,” Nature. 412, 697–698 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kazansky, P. G.

J. Qiu, P. G. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, “Memorized polarization-dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass,”Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940–42 (2000).
[Crossref]

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199–2202 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kleinfeld, D.

K. Svoboda, W. Denk, D. Kleinfeld, and D.W. Tank, “In vivo dendritic calcium dynamics in neocortical pyramidal neurons,” Nature. 385, 161–165 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kvapil, Ji.

R. Autrata, P. Schauer, Ji. Kvapil, and Jos. Kvapil, “Cathodoluminescence efficiency of Y3Al5O12 and YAlO3 single crystal in dependence on Ce3+ and other dopants concentrations,”Cryst. Res. Technol. 18, 907 (1983).
[Crossref]

R. Autrata, P. Schauer, Ji. Kvapil, and Jos. Kvapil, “A Single crystal of YAlO3:Ce3+ as a fast scintillator in SEM,” Scanning,  5, 91–96 (1983).
[Crossref]

Kvapil, Jos.

R. Autrata, P. Schauer, Ji. Kvapil, and Jos. Kvapil, “A Single crystal of YAlO3:Ce3+ as a fast scintillator in SEM,” Scanning,  5, 91–96 (1983).
[Crossref]

R. Autrata, P. Schauer, Ji. Kvapil, and Jos. Kvapil, “Cathodoluminescence efficiency of Y3Al5O12 and YAlO3 single crystal in dependence on Ce3+ and other dopants concentrations,”Cryst. Res. Technol. 18, 907 (1983).
[Crossref]

LaFerla, F. M.

J. S. Marchant, G. E. Stutzmann, M. A. Leissring, F. M. LaFerla, and I. Parker, “Multiphoton-evoked color change of DsRed as an optical highlighter for cellular and subcellular labeling,” Nature Biotechnology. 19, 645–649 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leissring, M. A.

J. S. Marchant, G. E. Stutzmann, M. A. Leissring, F. M. LaFerla, and I. Parker, “Multiphoton-evoked color change of DsRed as an optical highlighter for cellular and subcellular labeling,” Nature Biotechnology. 19, 645–649 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, T. C.

G. S. He, P. P. Markowicz, T. C. Lin, and P. N. Prasad, “Observation of stimulated emission by direct three-photon excitation,” Nature. 415, 767–770 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, T.C.

G. S. He, J.M. Dai, T.C. Lin, P. P. Markowicz, and P. N. Prasad, “Ultrashort 1.5-μm laser excited upconverted stimulated emission based on simultaneous three-photon absorption,” Opt Lett. 28, 719–721 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maly, P.

S. Baccaro, K. Blazek, F. de Notaristefani, P. Maly, J. A. Mares, R. Pani, R. Pellegrini, and A. Soluri, “Scintillation properties of YAP:Ce,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A361, 209–215 (1995).

Marchant, J. S.

J. S. Marchant, G. E. Stutzmann, M. A. Leissring, F. M. LaFerla, and I. Parker, “Multiphoton-evoked color change of DsRed as an optical highlighter for cellular and subcellular labeling,” Nature Biotechnology. 19, 645–649 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mares, J. A.

S. Baccaro, K. Blazek, F. de Notaristefani, P. Maly, J. A. Mares, R. Pani, R. Pellegrini, and A. Soluri, “Scintillation properties of YAP:Ce,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A361, 209–215 (1995).

Markowicz, P. P.

G. S. He, J.M. Dai, T.C. Lin, P. P. Markowicz, and P. N. Prasad, “Ultrashort 1.5-μm laser excited upconverted stimulated emission based on simultaneous three-photon absorption,” Opt Lett. 28, 719–721 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. S. He, P. P. Markowicz, T. C. Lin, and P. N. Prasad, “Observation of stimulated emission by direct three-photon excitation,” Nature. 415, 767–770 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mitsuyu, T.

J. Qiu, P. G. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, “Memorized polarization-dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass,”Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940–42 (2000).
[Crossref]

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199–2202 (1999).
[Crossref]

Miura, K.

J. Qiu, P. G. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, “Memorized polarization-dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass,”Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940–42 (2000).
[Crossref]

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199–2202 (1999).
[Crossref]

Nogami, M.

H. You and M. Nogami, “Three-photon-excited fluorescence of Al2O3-SiO2 glass containing Eu3+ ions by femtosecond laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 2076–78 (2004).
[Crossref]

Pani, R.

S. Baccaro, K. Blazek, F. de Notaristefani, P. Maly, J. A. Mares, R. Pani, R. Pellegrini, and A. Soluri, “Scintillation properties of YAP:Ce,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A361, 209–215 (1995).

Parker, I.

J. S. Marchant, G. E. Stutzmann, M. A. Leissring, F. M. LaFerla, and I. Parker, “Multiphoton-evoked color change of DsRed as an optical highlighter for cellular and subcellular labeling,” Nature Biotechnology. 19, 645–649 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pellegrini, R.

S. Baccaro, K. Blazek, F. de Notaristefani, P. Maly, J. A. Mares, R. Pani, R. Pellegrini, and A. Soluri, “Scintillation properties of YAP:Ce,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A361, 209–215 (1995).

Petrova-koch, V.

R. P. Chin, Y. R. Shen, and V. Petrova-koch, “Photoluminescence from Porous Silicon by Infrared Multiphoton Excitation,” Science. 270, 776–778 (1995).
[Crossref]

Prasad, P. N.

G. S. He, J.M. Dai, T.C. Lin, P. P. Markowicz, and P. N. Prasad, “Ultrashort 1.5-μm laser excited upconverted stimulated emission based on simultaneous three-photon absorption,” Opt Lett. 28, 719–721 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. S. He, P. P. Markowicz, T. C. Lin, and P. N. Prasad, “Observation of stimulated emission by direct three-photon excitation,” Nature. 415, 767–770 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qiu, J.

J. Qiu, P. G. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, “Memorized polarization-dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass,”Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940–42 (2000).
[Crossref]

P. G. Kazansky, H. Inouye, T. Mitsuyu, K. Miura, J. Qiu, and K. Hirao, “Anomalous anisotropic light scattering in Ge-doped silica glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2199–2202 (1999).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J. R.

L.Y. Yang, Y. J. Dong, D. P. Chen, C. Wang, N. Da, X. W. Jiang, C. S. Zhu, and J. R. Qiu, “Upconversion luminescence from 2E state of Cr3+ in Al2O3 crystal by infrared femtosecond laser irradiation,” Opt. Express. 13, 7893–98 (2005), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?id=85711
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schauer, P.

R. Autrata, P. Schauer, Ji. Kvapil, and Jos. Kvapil, “Cathodoluminescence efficiency of Y3Al5O12 and YAlO3 single crystal in dependence on Ce3+ and other dopants concentrations,”Cryst. Res. Technol. 18, 907 (1983).
[Crossref]

R. Autrata, P. Schauer, Ji. Kvapil, and Jos. Kvapil, “A Single crystal of YAlO3:Ce3+ as a fast scintillator in SEM,” Scanning,  5, 91–96 (1983).
[Crossref]

Shen, Y. R.

R. P. Chin, Y. R. Shen, and V. Petrova-koch, “Photoluminescence from Porous Silicon by Infrared Multiphoton Excitation,” Science. 270, 776–778 (1995).
[Crossref]

Si, J.

J. Qiu, P. G. Kazansky, J. Si, K. Miura, T. Mitsuyu, K. Hirao, and A. L. Gaeta, “Memorized polarization-dependent light scattering in rare-earth-ion-doped glass,”Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1940–42 (2000).
[Crossref]

Soluri, A.

S. Baccaro, K. Blazek, F. de Notaristefani, P. Maly, J. A. Mares, R. Pani, R. Pellegrini, and A. Soluri, “Scintillation properties of YAP:Ce,” Nucl. Instr. Meth. A361, 209–215 (1995).

Stutzmann, G. E.

J. S. Marchant, G. E. Stutzmann, M. A. Leissring, F. M. LaFerla, and I. Parker, “Multiphoton-evoked color change of DsRed as an optical highlighter for cellular and subcellular labeling,” Nature Biotechnology. 19, 645–649 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, H. B.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Emission spectra of Ce3+: YAP crystal under focused 800nm femtosecond laser irradiation and 267nm monochromatic light excitation.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Absorption spectrum of Ce3+: YAP crystal

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Relationship between the fluorescence intensity of the 5d-4f transition of Ce3+ in YAP crystal and the pump power of femtosecond laser.

Equations (1)

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