Abstract

Wideband multiwavelength Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser (BEFL) utilizing a linear cavity is presented, highlighting the usage of higher Brillouin and lower erbium doped-fiber pump powers to achieve higher lasing spectral bandwidth. A tuning range of 60 nm has been obtained from 1525 to 1585 nm. The dependency of the Stokes signal tuning range on the laser’s pumping power is also elaborated. The wide tuning range of the proposed BEFL has potential in dense wavelength division multiplexing communication systems.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. G.J. Cowle and D.Y. Stepanov, “Hybrid Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1250–1252 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. G.J. Cowle and D.Y. Stepanov, “Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465–1467 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  3. V. Sinivasagam, M.K. Abdullah, F. Isnin, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmed, “Stokes signal saturation in tunable BEFL system,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1751–1752 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  4. N.S. Kim, “Multiwavelength operation of EDFA-enhanced Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 34, 673–674 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  5. M.K. Abd-Rahman, M.K. Abdullah, and H. Ahmad, “Multiwavelength, bidirectional operation of twin-cavity Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 181, 135–139 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  6. S. Yamashita and G.J. Cowle, “Bidirectional 10-GHz optical comb generation with an intracavity fiber DFB pumped Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 796–798 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  7. Y.J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q.H. Ye, and Y.X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015–2017 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  8. D.S. Lim, H.K. Lee, K.H. Kim, S.B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, and M.Y. Jeon, “Generation of multi-order Stokes and anti-Stokes lines in a Brillouin erbium-fiber laser with a Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1671–1673 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  9. D.S. Lim, H.K. Lee, K.H. Kim, S.B. Kang, J.T. Ahn, D.I. Chang, and M.Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers”, Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  10. M.H. AL-Mansoori, B. Bouzid, S. Saharudin, B.M. Ali, M.K. Abdullah, and M.A. Mahdi, “Low-threshold characteristics of a linear-cavity multiwavelength Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Microwave and Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 114–117 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  11. D.Y. Stepanov and G.J. Cowle, “Modelling of multiline Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 481–494 (1999).
    [Crossref]

2004 (2)

Y.J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q.H. Ye, and Y.X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015–2017 (2004).
[Crossref]

M.H. AL-Mansoori, B. Bouzid, S. Saharudin, B.M. Ali, M.K. Abdullah, and M.A. Mahdi, “Low-threshold characteristics of a linear-cavity multiwavelength Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Microwave and Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 114–117 (2004).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

M.K. Abd-Rahman, M.K. Abdullah, and H. Ahmad, “Multiwavelength, bidirectional operation of twin-cavity Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 181, 135–139 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

D.Y. Stepanov and G.J. Cowle, “Modelling of multiline Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 481–494 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (5)

S. Yamashita and G.J. Cowle, “Bidirectional 10-GHz optical comb generation with an intracavity fiber DFB pumped Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 796–798 (1998).
[Crossref]

D.S. Lim, H.K. Lee, K.H. Kim, S.B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, and M.Y. Jeon, “Generation of multi-order Stokes and anti-Stokes lines in a Brillouin erbium-fiber laser with a Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1671–1673 (1998).
[Crossref]

D.S. Lim, H.K. Lee, K.H. Kim, S.B. Kang, J.T. Ahn, D.I. Chang, and M.Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers”, Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
[Crossref]

V. Sinivasagam, M.K. Abdullah, F. Isnin, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmed, “Stokes signal saturation in tunable BEFL system,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1751–1752 (1998).
[Crossref]

N.S. Kim, “Multiwavelength operation of EDFA-enhanced Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 34, 673–674 (1998).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

G.J. Cowle and D.Y. Stepanov, “Hybrid Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1250–1252 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G.J. Cowle and D.Y. Stepanov, “Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465–1467 (1996).
[Crossref]

Abd-Rahman, M.K.

M.K. Abd-Rahman, M.K. Abdullah, and H. Ahmad, “Multiwavelength, bidirectional operation of twin-cavity Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 181, 135–139 (2000).
[Crossref]

Abdullah, M.K.

M.H. AL-Mansoori, B. Bouzid, S. Saharudin, B.M. Ali, M.K. Abdullah, and M.A. Mahdi, “Low-threshold characteristics of a linear-cavity multiwavelength Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Microwave and Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 114–117 (2004).
[Crossref]

M.K. Abd-Rahman, M.K. Abdullah, and H. Ahmad, “Multiwavelength, bidirectional operation of twin-cavity Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 181, 135–139 (2000).
[Crossref]

V. Sinivasagam, M.K. Abdullah, F. Isnin, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmed, “Stokes signal saturation in tunable BEFL system,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1751–1752 (1998).
[Crossref]

Ahmad, H.

M.K. Abd-Rahman, M.K. Abdullah, and H. Ahmad, “Multiwavelength, bidirectional operation of twin-cavity Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 181, 135–139 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ahmed, H.

V. Sinivasagam, M.K. Abdullah, F. Isnin, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmed, “Stokes signal saturation in tunable BEFL system,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1751–1752 (1998).
[Crossref]

Ahn, J. T.

Ahn, J.T.

D.S. Lim, H.K. Lee, K.H. Kim, S.B. Kang, J.T. Ahn, D.I. Chang, and M.Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers”, Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
[Crossref]

Ali, B.M.

M.H. AL-Mansoori, B. Bouzid, S. Saharudin, B.M. Ali, M.K. Abdullah, and M.A. Mahdi, “Low-threshold characteristics of a linear-cavity multiwavelength Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Microwave and Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 114–117 (2004).
[Crossref]

AL-Mansoori, M.H.

M.H. AL-Mansoori, B. Bouzid, S. Saharudin, B.M. Ali, M.K. Abdullah, and M.A. Mahdi, “Low-threshold characteristics of a linear-cavity multiwavelength Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Microwave and Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 114–117 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bouzid, B.

M.H. AL-Mansoori, B. Bouzid, S. Saharudin, B.M. Ali, M.K. Abdullah, and M.A. Mahdi, “Low-threshold characteristics of a linear-cavity multiwavelength Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Microwave and Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 114–117 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chang, D.I.

D.S. Lim, H.K. Lee, K.H. Kim, S.B. Kang, J.T. Ahn, D.I. Chang, and M.Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers”, Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
[Crossref]

Cowle, G.J.

D.Y. Stepanov and G.J. Cowle, “Modelling of multiline Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 481–494 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. Yamashita and G.J. Cowle, “Bidirectional 10-GHz optical comb generation with an intracavity fiber DFB pumped Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 796–798 (1998).
[Crossref]

G.J. Cowle and D.Y. Stepanov, “Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465–1467 (1996).
[Crossref]

G.J. Cowle and D.Y. Stepanov, “Hybrid Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1250–1252 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, S.

Y.J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q.H. Ye, and Y.X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015–2017 (2004).
[Crossref]

Isnin, F.

V. Sinivasagam, M.K. Abdullah, F. Isnin, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmed, “Stokes signal saturation in tunable BEFL system,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1751–1752 (1998).
[Crossref]

Jeon, M.Y.

D.S. Lim, H.K. Lee, K.H. Kim, S.B. Kang, J.T. Ahn, D.I. Chang, and M.Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers”, Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
[Crossref]

D.S. Lim, H.K. Lee, K.H. Kim, S.B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, and M.Y. Jeon, “Generation of multi-order Stokes and anti-Stokes lines in a Brillouin erbium-fiber laser with a Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1671–1673 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kang, S.B.

D.S. Lim, H.K. Lee, K.H. Kim, S.B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, and M.Y. Jeon, “Generation of multi-order Stokes and anti-Stokes lines in a Brillouin erbium-fiber laser with a Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1671–1673 (1998).
[Crossref]

D.S. Lim, H.K. Lee, K.H. Kim, S.B. Kang, J.T. Ahn, D.I. Chang, and M.Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers”, Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kim, K.H.

D.S. Lim, H.K. Lee, K.H. Kim, S.B. Kang, J.T. Ahn, D.I. Chang, and M.Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers”, Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
[Crossref]

D.S. Lim, H.K. Lee, K.H. Kim, S.B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, and M.Y. Jeon, “Generation of multi-order Stokes and anti-Stokes lines in a Brillouin erbium-fiber laser with a Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1671–1673 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kim, N.S.

N.S. Kim, “Multiwavelength operation of EDFA-enhanced Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 34, 673–674 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lee, H.K.

D.S. Lim, H.K. Lee, K.H. Kim, S.B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, and M.Y. Jeon, “Generation of multi-order Stokes and anti-Stokes lines in a Brillouin erbium-fiber laser with a Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1671–1673 (1998).
[Crossref]

D.S. Lim, H.K. Lee, K.H. Kim, S.B. Kang, J.T. Ahn, D.I. Chang, and M.Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers”, Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lim, D.S.

D.S. Lim, H.K. Lee, K.H. Kim, S.B. Kang, J.T. Ahn, D.I. Chang, and M.Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers”, Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
[Crossref]

D.S. Lim, H.K. Lee, K.H. Kim, S.B. Kang, J. T. Ahn, and M.Y. Jeon, “Generation of multi-order Stokes and anti-Stokes lines in a Brillouin erbium-fiber laser with a Sagnac loop mirror,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1671–1673 (1998).
[Crossref]

Mahdi, M.A.

M.H. AL-Mansoori, B. Bouzid, S. Saharudin, B.M. Ali, M.K. Abdullah, and M.A. Mahdi, “Low-threshold characteristics of a linear-cavity multiwavelength Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Microwave and Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 114–117 (2004).
[Crossref]

Poopalan, P.

V. Sinivasagam, M.K. Abdullah, F. Isnin, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmed, “Stokes signal saturation in tunable BEFL system,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1751–1752 (1998).
[Crossref]

Saharudin, S.

M.H. AL-Mansoori, B. Bouzid, S. Saharudin, B.M. Ali, M.K. Abdullah, and M.A. Mahdi, “Low-threshold characteristics of a linear-cavity multiwavelength Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Microwave and Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 114–117 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sinivasagam, V.

V. Sinivasagam, M.K. Abdullah, F. Isnin, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmed, “Stokes signal saturation in tunable BEFL system,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1751–1752 (1998).
[Crossref]

Song, Y.J.

Y.J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q.H. Ye, and Y.X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015–2017 (2004).
[Crossref]

Stepanov, D.Y.

D.Y. Stepanov and G.J. Cowle, “Modelling of multiline Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 481–494 (1999).
[Crossref]

G.J. Cowle and D.Y. Stepanov, “Hybrid Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1250–1252 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G.J. Cowle and D.Y. Stepanov, “Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465–1467 (1996).
[Crossref]

Xia, Y.X.

Y.J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q.H. Ye, and Y.X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015–2017 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yamashita, S.

S. Yamashita and G.J. Cowle, “Bidirectional 10-GHz optical comb generation with an intracavity fiber DFB pumped Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 796–798 (1998).
[Crossref]

Ye, Q.H.

Y.J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q.H. Ye, and Y.X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015–2017 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zhan, L.

Y.J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q.H. Ye, and Y.X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015–2017 (2004).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (3)

V. Sinivasagam, M.K. Abdullah, F. Isnin, P. Poopalan, and H. Ahmed, “Stokes signal saturation in tunable BEFL system,” Electron. Lett. 34, 1751–1752 (1998).
[Crossref]

N.S. Kim, “Multiwavelength operation of EDFA-enhanced Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 34, 673–674 (1998).
[Crossref]

D.S. Lim, H.K. Lee, K.H. Kim, S.B. Kang, J.T. Ahn, D.I. Chang, and M.Y. Jeon, “Figure-of-eight Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers”, Electron. Lett. 34, 2406–2407 (1998).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

S. Yamashita and G.J. Cowle, “Bidirectional 10-GHz optical comb generation with an intracavity fiber DFB pumped Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 796–798 (1998).
[Crossref]

Y.J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q.H. Ye, and Y.X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2015–2017 (2004).
[Crossref]

G.J. Cowle and D.Y. Stepanov, “Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465–1467 (1996).
[Crossref]

Microwave and Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

M.H. AL-Mansoori, B. Bouzid, S. Saharudin, B.M. Ali, M.K. Abdullah, and M.A. Mahdi, “Low-threshold characteristics of a linear-cavity multiwavelength Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Microwave and Opt. Technol. Lett. 41, 114–117 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M.K. Abd-Rahman, M.K. Abdullah, and H. Ahmad, “Multiwavelength, bidirectional operation of twin-cavity Brillouin/Erbium fiber laser,” Opt. Commun. 181, 135–139 (2000).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

D.Y. Stepanov and G.J. Cowle, “Modelling of multiline Brillouin/Erbium fiber lasers,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 31, 481–494 (1999).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of a linear cavity BEFL with an 8.8 km long SMF-28 fiber.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The presence of the EDFL cavity modes together with the Brillouin Stokes at lower injected BP power of -3.6 dBm.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Tuning range of the output spectra of the linear cavity BEFL for BP power fixed to 13 dBm and the 980 nm pump laser was driven to 50 mW.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Tuning range of the linear cavity BEFL against 980 nm pump at different BP powers.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Tuning range and number of Stokes generated against BP power at 90 mW pump power.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

The impact of BP wavelength on the generation of Brillouin Stokes at different BP powers with the 980 nm pump power was set at 90 mW.

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